US3866344A - Lock device of a shot gun - Google Patents

Lock device of a shot gun Download PDF

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Publication number
US3866344A
US3866344A US38629173A US3866344A US 3866344 A US3866344 A US 3866344A US 38629173 A US38629173 A US 38629173A US 3866344 A US3866344 A US 3866344A
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United States
Prior art keywords
lock
slide
projections
paired
barrel
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Expired - Lifetime
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Inventor
Takeji Kawamura
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Takeji Kawamura
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Publication date
Priority to GB3706073A priority Critical patent/GB1441761A/en
Application filed by Takeji Kawamura filed Critical Takeji Kawamura
Priority to US38629173 priority patent/US3866344A/en
Priority to DE19732340312 priority patent/DE2340312A1/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US3866344A publication Critical patent/US3866344A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41AFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS COMMON TO BOTH SMALLARMS AND ORDNANCE, e.g. CANNONS; MOUNTINGS FOR SMALLARMS OR ORDNANCE
    • F41A3/00Breech mechanisms, e.g. locks
    • F41A3/12Bolt action, i.e. the main breech opening movement being parallel to the barrel axis
    • F41A3/36Semi-rigid bolt locks, i.e. having locking elements movably mounted on the bolt or on the barrel or breech housing
    • F41A3/38Semi-rigid bolt locks, i.e. having locking elements movably mounted on the bolt or on the barrel or breech housing having rocking locking elements, e.g. pivoting levers or vanes
    • F41A3/40Semi-rigid bolt locks, i.e. having locking elements movably mounted on the bolt or on the barrel or breech housing having rocking locking elements, e.g. pivoting levers or vanes mounted on the bolt

Abstract

A lock device for a shot gun to block a cartridge from behind on firing including a slide body slidably disposed along a barrel and a lock member rockably and slidably associated with the slide body in a projection-recess engagement relationship and an engaging portion to engage a recess formed in the barrel when the lock member is rotated by the movement of the slide body.

Description

limited Patent 1 1 1111 3,866,344 Kawamura Feb. 18, 11975 LOCK DEVICE OF A SHOT GUN FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS lnventori Takeji Kawamura, 109941, 466.810 11/1951 ltalv 42/16 lshinazaka-machi, Hitachi-shi, [baragl'ken Japan Primary E.raminerBenjamin A. Borchelt [22] Filed; Au 7, 1973 Assistant Examiner-C. T. Jordan Attorne A e t, or Ffrm-St ta d K01 ch, Ltd. 211 App]. N6; 386,291 y ewar as [57] ABSTRACT 2% A lock device for a shot gun to block a cartridge from i 512/16 259/190 176 behind on firing including a slide body slidably dis- 1 0 can posed along a barrel and a lock member rockably and slidably associated with the slide body in a projection- [56] References Cited recess engagement relationship and an engaging por- UNITED STATES PATENTS tion to engage a recess formed in the barrel when the 1,572.450 2/1926 Swebilius 89/190 lock member is rotated by the movement of the slide 2,570,772 10/1951 Crittendon 89/190 b d 1863 246 12/1958 Lee 42/16 2,945,423 7/1960 Allyn 42/l6 4 Claims, 5 ing Figures 1 5 9W 9 W A \1\ x1e Y) :17 -T "H ri TV ill 1 i I 3 w 7 M 7 w l LOCK DEVICE ()IF A SHOT GUN This invention relates to a shot gun, and more particularly to a lock device of the shot gun.
A Conventional shot gun is equipped with a lock device for blocking a cartridge from behind on firing so as to facilitate the discharging of the balls in the cartridge forwardly The lock device comprises a slide body and a lock member rockably by sliding the slide body along a barrel of the gun. Immediately after firing, the slide body is slidably moved backwardly to cause a lock member to be engaged with a recess provided in the barrel of thegun to permit the cartridge to be blocked from behind.
The conventional lock device is so complex in shape and design and troublesome to manufacture. When firing, somewhat greater pressure and shock forces are applied to the lock device and the complicate offset portions of the lock device often undergo injury or wear with the resultant disadvantages.
An object of this invention is to provide a simple lock device capable of assuredly blocking a cartridge from behind to facilitate firing of the balls in the cartridge forwardly, as well as excellent in the resistance to wear and injury. According to this invention there is provided a lock device for a shot gun, adapted to block a cartridge from behind when firing and comprising a slide body slidably disposed along a barrel and a lock member operatively associated with the slide body and adapted to be swung in unison with the sliding movement of the slide body to cause it to be engaged with an engaging recess provided in the barrel to permit the cartridge to be blocked from behind, the improvement wherein said slide body has a pair of recesses provided in its top surface spaced apart from its front end surface; and said lock member has paired first and second projections extending from its undersurface and an engaging projection provided on the top surface of the front end portion of the lock member and near the secnd projection, whereby the first projection is slidably shiftable from the forward end portion to the backward end portion of the recess with the first projection as a fulcrum so that the lock member rides on a top surface section of the slide body and near the front end of the slide body to permit the engaging projection to be engaged with the engaging recess provided in the barrel.
In the drawing:
FIGS. 1 and 2 respectively show the locked and unlocked states of a lock device of a shot gun according to the embodiment of this invention;
FIG. 3 is a plan view of a slide body;
FIG. 4 is a side view of the slide body; and
FIG. 5 is a perspective view showing the bolt and a lock member.
The reference numeral 1 shows a slide body integrally mounted on the upper surface of the rear end portion of a slidable action bar 2. A pair of recesses 3 are provided in the top surface of the slide body and near the rear end of the slide body in a manner to be spaced apart in a crosswise direction. As will be evident from FIGS. 3 and 4 the recess is exposed on each side surface of the slide body and has a predetermined depth. The bottom plane of the recess is substantially flat with its forward and backward end surfaces defined to have a predetermined curvature.
At the center portion of the rear end of the slide body I a stopper 4 is integrally provided and extends backwardly. A shoulder la is provided on each side surface of the rear end portion ofthe slide body 1. Between the shoulder 1a and the stopper 4 the front end portion of each arm 5a ofa link 5 is located and pivoted by means ofa pin 6 so that the link 5 can be swung relative to the slide body and within a vertical plane.
The slide body I is slidably inserted within a bolt 7 consisting of a cylindrical body open at its upper and bottom surfaces and having front and rear end walls and 7!). Within the bolt 7 a lock member 8 is inserted in a predetermined relation.
The lock member 3 has substantially the same entire length as that defined by the front and rear end walls 7a and 7b of the bolt 7. As shown in detail in FIG. 5 a pair of projections are provided at substantially the center portion of the undersurface of the lock member and a pair of projection 8b are provided at the front end portion of the undersurface of the lock member. The rear projection 8a is slidably shiftable, in the forward and backward directions,, along the recess 3 of the slide body I. The end of the projection 8a is normmally abutted on the bottom surface of the recess 3 and the lock member 8 is rockably moved in a vertical plane with the abutted portion of the projection as a fulcrum. The projection 311 has a predetermined curved surface which is face contacted with the backward end surface of the recess when the lock member is locked as shown in FIG. 1 and with the forward end surface of the recess when the lock member is unlocked as shown in FIG. 2. As a result, these two stable states are alternately maintained. The projection 8b has a front end surface extending in the same plane as the front end surface of the lock member 8 and a rear end surface inclined in a forward direction. A distance between the projections 8a and 8b substantially corresponds to a distance defined between the front end surface of the slide body 1 and the forward end surface of the recess 3. When the lock member is in the unlock position, a section defined by the front end surface of the slide body 1 and the forward end surface of the recess 3 is fitted between the projections 8a and 8b of the lock member. The top surface of the section of the slide body is face contacted with a bottom section defined between the projections 8a and 8b of the lock member. On the other hand, the slide body I is moved relative to the lock member 8 so as to effect a locking engagement, the projection 8a is abutted against the backward end surface of the recess 3 and the projection 8b of the lock member 8 rides on the top section of the slide body in a manner that the lock member is swung in a counterclockwise direction with the projection 8a as a fulcrum.
On the top surface of the front end portion of the block 8 an engaging projection 80 is provided. An engaging recess 9a is provided in a preset location of a gun barrel. When the lock member 8 is swung in the counterclockwise direction the projection 80 is brought into contact with the associated recess 9a of the barrel so that a cartridge 10 filled with a great number of balls is blocked from behind through the front end wall 7b of the bolt.
In substantially the center portions of the front and rear end walls 7a and 7b of the bolt, respective through bores for a needle 11 are provided. The needle Ill is extended through these bores. The intermediate portion of the needle so extended provides no hindrance to the relative movement of the slide body I and the lock member 8. A hammer 12 projects upwardly between the arms 5a of the link in a manner that its upper end section is located near the rear end of the needle 11. When the lock member is in the locked position, a trigger is pulled to cause the hammer 12 to be swung in the clockwise direction to permit the rear end of the needle to be struck. This causes the needle to be moved forwardly into contact with the cartrdige to permit the cartrdige be fired. Even if a force tending to swing the hammer 12 is accidentally received fron outside when the lock member is in the unlocked position, the swinging movement of the hammer is blocked by the stopper and, therefore, the needle is prevented from being struck.
With the block device so arranged, the rear end surface of the projection 8b is tapered so that the lock member 8 is smoothly swung in the recess of the slide body and easily rides on the top surface section of the slide body. lnstead, the front end of the slide body may be tapered so that the same effect can be obtained. However, such tapered section is not necessarily required in the practice of this invention.
According to this invention, the paired first and second projections 80 and 8b of the lock member are so configured that the first member is slidably swung in the recess of the slide body to permit the second projection 8b to ride on the top section of the slide body. Thus, a simple construction with a minimum of projections and recesses results. This assures a minimum of wear and injury.
What is claimed is:
1. In a lock device for a shot gun having a breech bolt and adapted to block a cartridge from behind when firing, said lock device comprising a slide body slidably disposed along a barrel and a lock member operatively associated with the slide body and adapted to be swung in unison with the sliding movement of the slide body to cause said lock member to be engaged with an engaging recess provided in the barrel to permit the cartridge to be blocked from behind, the improvement wherein said slide body is provided with a pair of recesses disposed in its top surface and spaced apart from its front end surface; and said lock member is provided with paired first and second projections extending from its undersurface and an engaging projection provided on the top surface of the front end portion of the lock member and near the paired second projections, whereby the first paired projections are slidably shiftable from the forward end portion to the backward end portion of the recesses, said first paired projections act ing as a fulcrum, cam and sole pivot point which is not fixed to the breech bolt, wherein the lock member rides on a top surface section of the slide body and near the front end of the slide body to permit the engaging projection to become engaged with the engaging recess provided in the barrel.
2. A lock device according to claim 1 in which said paired second projections of the lock member have respective tapered surfaces on respective rear sides.
3. A lock device according to claim 1, in which each of said pair of recesses of the slide body has a forward end surface and a backward end surface both defining a curvature and each of the first projections defines such a curvature as to be fitted relative to the curved forward and backward end surface of said pair of recesses.
4. A lock device according to claim 1 in which the slide body has a stopper projecting from its rear end surface and a link carried integral with the slide body.

Claims (4)

1. In a lock device for a shot gun having a breech bolt and adapted to block a cartridge from behind when firing, said lock device comprising a slide body slidably disposed along a barrel and a lock member operatively associated with the slide body and adapted to be swung in unison with the sliding movement of the slide body to cause said lock member to be engaged with an engaging recess provided in the barrel to permit the cartridge to be blocked from behind, the improvement wherein said slide body is provided with a pair of recesses disposed in its top surface and spaced apart from its front end surface; and said lock member is provided with paired first and second projections extending from its undersurface and an engaging projection provided on the top surface of the front end portion of the lock member and near the paired second projections, whereby the first paired projections are slidably shiftable from the forward end portion to the backward end portion of the recesses, said first paired projections acting as a fulcrum, cam and sole pivot point which is not fixed to the breech bolt, wherein the lock member rides on a top surface section of the slide body and near the front end of the slide body to permit the engaging projection to become engaged with the engaging recess provided in the barrel.
2. A lock device according to claim 1 in which said paired second projections of the lock member have respective tapered surfaces on respective rear sides.
3. A lock device according to claim 1, in which each of said pair of recesses of the slide body has a forward end surface and a backward end surface both defining a curvature and each of the first projections defines such a curvature as to be fitted relative to the curved forward and backward end surface of said pair of recesses.
4. A lock device according to claim 1 in which the slide body has a stopper projecting from its rear end surface and a link carried integral with the slide body.
US38629173 1973-08-03 1973-08-07 Lock device of a shot gun Expired - Lifetime US3866344A (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB3706073A GB1441761A (en) 1973-08-03 1973-08-03 Lock device in a shot gun
US38629173 US3866344A (en) 1973-08-03 1973-08-07 Lock device of a shot gun
DE19732340312 DE2340312A1 (en) 1973-08-03 1973-08-09 Shotgun / shotgun lock

Applications Claiming Priority (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB3706073A GB1441761A (en) 1973-08-03 1973-08-03 Lock device in a shot gun
US38629173 US3866344A (en) 1973-08-03 1973-08-07 Lock device of a shot gun
DE19732340312 DE2340312A1 (en) 1973-08-03 1973-08-09 Shotgun / shotgun lock

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2372408A1 (en) * 1976-11-25 1978-06-23 Kawaguchiya Firearms CYLINDER HEAD BLOCK AND MECHANISM FOR AUTOMATIC CHARGING OF A FIREARM
DE2908066A1 (en) * 1978-03-02 1979-09-13 Uro Tapio Jaervinen DEVICE TO PREVENT THE UNAUTHORIZED USE OF A FIRE ARM
US4213261A (en) * 1978-06-27 1980-07-22 James P. Claypool Breech locking mechanism
US4516466A (en) * 1981-05-07 1985-05-14 Weatherby, Inc. Mechanism providing positive safety with bolt locked
EP0664429A1 (en) * 1993-08-25 1995-07-26 Techno Arms (Proprietary) Limited Bolt locking mechanism for a gun
US20190212081A1 (en) * 2018-01-09 2019-07-11 Sturm, Ruger & Company, Inc. Pump action firearm with slide lock mechanism
US10895424B2 (en) * 2018-07-24 2021-01-19 Saeilo Enterprises, Inc. Firearm action

Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4344246A (en) * 1980-02-14 1982-08-17 Remington Arms Company, Inc. Firing pin block for firearm having a reciprocating breech bolt
GB2143623A (en) * 1983-07-19 1985-02-13 Clark John Ronald Locking device or guns

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1572450A (en) * 1919-05-15 1926-02-09 Marlin Firearms Corp Automatic rifle
US2570772A (en) * 1949-03-03 1951-10-09 Remington Arms Co Inc Recoil operated firearm with pivoted bolt lock
US2863246A (en) * 1954-04-16 1958-12-09 Ithaca Gun Company Inc Bolt assembly for a firearm
US2945423A (en) * 1957-06-25 1960-07-19 Harold D Allyn Firearm

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1572450A (en) * 1919-05-15 1926-02-09 Marlin Firearms Corp Automatic rifle
US2570772A (en) * 1949-03-03 1951-10-09 Remington Arms Co Inc Recoil operated firearm with pivoted bolt lock
US2863246A (en) * 1954-04-16 1958-12-09 Ithaca Gun Company Inc Bolt assembly for a firearm
US2945423A (en) * 1957-06-25 1960-07-19 Harold D Allyn Firearm

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2372408A1 (en) * 1976-11-25 1978-06-23 Kawaguchiya Firearms CYLINDER HEAD BLOCK AND MECHANISM FOR AUTOMATIC CHARGING OF A FIREARM
US4161836A (en) * 1976-11-25 1979-07-24 Kabushiki Kaisha Kawaguchiya Hayashi Juho Kayaku-Ten Breechblock assembly and an operating mechanism for a fire-arm automatic loading
DE2908066A1 (en) * 1978-03-02 1979-09-13 Uro Tapio Jaervinen DEVICE TO PREVENT THE UNAUTHORIZED USE OF A FIRE ARM
US4213261A (en) * 1978-06-27 1980-07-22 James P. Claypool Breech locking mechanism
US4516466A (en) * 1981-05-07 1985-05-14 Weatherby, Inc. Mechanism providing positive safety with bolt locked
EP0664429A1 (en) * 1993-08-25 1995-07-26 Techno Arms (Proprietary) Limited Bolt locking mechanism for a gun
US20190212081A1 (en) * 2018-01-09 2019-07-11 Sturm, Ruger & Company, Inc. Pump action firearm with slide lock mechanism
US10677547B2 (en) * 2018-01-09 2020-06-09 Sturm, Ruger & Company, Inc. Pump action firearm with slide lock mechanism
US10895424B2 (en) * 2018-07-24 2021-01-19 Saeilo Enterprises, Inc. Firearm action

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DE2340312A1 (en) 1975-02-20
GB1441761A (en) 1976-07-07

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