US3845596A - Drive system for a telescopic boom - Google Patents

Drive system for a telescopic boom Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US3845596A
US3845596A US36113073A US3845596A US 3845596 A US3845596 A US 3845596A US 36113073 A US36113073 A US 36113073A US 3845596 A US3845596 A US 3845596A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
boom
trolley
base
extension
turret
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Inventor
D Veenstra
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
American LaFrance LLC
HIGHWAY Manufacturing CO
Original Assignee
HIGHWAY Manufacturing CO
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by HIGHWAY Manufacturing CO filed Critical HIGHWAY Manufacturing CO
Priority to US36113073 priority Critical patent/US3845596A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US3845596A publication Critical patent/US3845596A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Assigned to AMERICAN LAFRANCE, LLC reassignment AMERICAN LAFRANCE, LLC PATENT ASSIGNMENT AGREEMENT Assignors: Ladder Towers, Inc.
Assigned to PATRIARCH PARTNERS AGENCY SERVICES, LLC reassignment PATRIARCH PARTNERS AGENCY SERVICES, LLC PATENT COLLATERAL SECURITY AGREEMENT Assignors: AMERICAN LAFRANCE, LLC
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66CCRANES; LOAD-ENGAGING ELEMENTS OR DEVICES FOR CRANES, CAPSTANS, WINCHES, OR TACKLES
    • B66C23/00Cranes comprising essentially a beam, boom, or triangular structure acting as a cantilever and mounted for translatory of swinging movements in vertical or horizontal planes or a combination of such movements, e.g. jib-cranes, derricks, tower cranes
    • B66C23/62Constructional features or details
    • B66C23/64Jibs
    • B66C23/70Jibs constructed of sections adapted to be assembled to form jibs or various lengths
    • B66C23/701Jibs constructed of sections adapted to be assembled to form jibs or various lengths telescopic
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66FHOISTING, LIFTING, HAULING OR PUSHING, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, e.g. DEVICES WHICH APPLY A LIFTING OR PUSHING FORCE DIRECTLY TO THE SURFACE OF A LOAD
    • B66F11/00Lifting devices specially adapted for particular uses not otherwise provided for
    • B66F11/04Lifting devices specially adapted for particular uses not otherwise provided for for movable platforms or cabins, e.g. on vehicles, permitting workmen to place themselves in any desired position for carrying out required operations
    • B66F11/044Working platforms suspended from booms
    • B66F11/046Working platforms suspended from booms of the telescoping type
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66FHOISTING, LIFTING, HAULING OR PUSHING, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, e.g. DEVICES WHICH APPLY A LIFTING OR PUSHING FORCE DIRECTLY TO THE SURFACE OF A LOAD
    • B66F17/00Safety devices, e.g. for limiting or indicating lifting force
    • B66F17/006Safety devices, e.g. for limiting or indicating lifting force for working platforms

Abstract

A truck mounted, extensible, telescopic boom is rotatably connected to a turret and pivoted about an axis by an elevation cylinder. In one embodiment, the length of the boom is altered in response to changes in elevation by an extension cylinder which connects to an outer boom section and to the turret at a point substantially above the boom pivot axis. In a second embodiment, the same action is obtained with an extension cylinder connected to a trolley which is slidably mounted to the boom. The extension cylinder in this instance connects to the turret at a point which is substantially below the boom point axis and boom reach is altered by the sliding motion of the trolley. In both embodiments, the extension cylinder operates to retract outer boom sections as the boom elevation is reduced, and to thereby reduce reach and overturning moments when the boom is lowered.

Description

llnited States Patent Veenstra [451 Nov. 5, 1974 DRIVE SYSTEM FOR A TELESCOPIC BOOM [75] Inventor: David K. Veenstra, Bloomington,

Minn.

22 Filed: May 17,1973

21 Appl. No.: 361,130

[52] US. Cl 52/118, 52/119, 182/141,

. 52/121 [51] int. Cl E0411 12/34 [58] Field of Search ..52/11l,115, 118,119, 52/121;182/141, 2; 92/137, 140, 146

[56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,136,604 4/1915 LHeureux 52/115 2,841,998 7/1958 Troche 182/2 2,847,098 4/1958 Heinish 52/118 2,926,634 3/1960 Falendysz 92/137 2,966,956 l/l961 Campbell 182/141 2,996,196 8/1961 Podlesak 182/2 3,016,992 l/l962 Wilson 52/118 3,231,044 l/l966 Myers 182/141 3,690,408 9/1972 Reske 182/141 Primary Examiner-Frank L. Abbott Assistant Examiner-Henry Raduazo Attorney, Agent, or FirmQuarles & Brady [57] ABSTRACT A truck mounted, extensible, telescopic boom is rotatably connected to a turret and pivoted about an axis by an elevation cylinder. In one embodiment, the length of the boom is altered in response to changes in elevation by an extension cylinder which connects to an outer boom section and to the turret at a point substantially above the boom pivot axis. In a second embodiment, the same action is obtained with an extension cylinder connected to a trolley which is slidably mounted to the boom. The extension cylinder in this instance connects to the turret at a point which is substantially below the boom point axis and boom reach is altered by the sliding motion of the trolley. In both embodiments, the extension cylinder operates to retract outer boom sections as the boom elevation is reduced, and to thereby reduce reach and overturning moments when the boom is lowered.

7 Claims, 4 Drawing Figures DRIVE SYSTEM FOR A TELESCOPIC BOOM BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION The field of the invention is extensible telescopic booms, and particularly drive means for extending and elevating such booms.

Extensible telescopic booms are used in a wide variety of applications, including truck mounted cranes, aerial lifts, and splicers. Such booms are mounted to the truck bed and are comprised of two or more boom sections which telescope one within the other. The lower, or base boom section, is rotatably connected 'to the truck bed for pivotal motion in a vertical plane and is generally mounted on a turret which may be revolved to swing the boom to any desired orientation. Rope and pulley systems, or hydraulic cylinders, are commonly used to extend and retract the boom sections and to thereby provide a means of controlling boom reach.

Particularly when mounted on trucks, means must be provided to insure that the operator does not orient the boom in an unstable position. Such instability may result, for example, when the boom is fully extended at a low elevation, and is swung to the side of the truck causing it to tip. Counterweights and audio or visual warning devices are often provided to minimize this possibility, however, there is a limit to the amount of counterweight which can be added to an over-theroad" vehicle, and warning devices are expensive and subject to malfunction.

The problem is particularly acute where the operator is located in a basket attached to the end of the boom. Interlock systems have been employed that include cams and limit switches which prohibit the operator from orienting the boom in an unstable position. Such an interlock system is disclosed, for example, in US. Pat. No. 2,936,847 issued to Eitel on May 17, 1960, which includes a series of cam actuated switches that prevent the operator from positioning the boom in an unsafe orientation by disabling the swing drive or the elevation drive until the boom reach is reduced to a safe length. Such electromechanical systems are expensive to maintain and subject to malfunctions.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The present invention relates to a means of altering boom reach in response to changes in boom elevation. More specifically, an extensible telescopic boom has a base section connected to a turret for pivotal action in a vertical plane about a boom pivot axis, an extensible outer boom section slidably connected for telescopic motion with respect to the base boom section, and an extension cylinder having one end connected to the outer boom section and its other end connected to the turret at a point which is laterally displaced from the boom pivot axis. By laterally displacing the extension cylinder connection point from the boom pivot axis, the boom reach which is controlled by the extension cylinder becomes a function of boom elevation. That is, as the boom is lowered, its length is reduced by the extension cylinder even though the length of the extension cylinder remains constant. Consequently, as the operator raises and lowers the boom, its length is adjusted by the action of the extension cylinder and stability is automatically maintained at all times.

A general object of the invention is to provide a boom extension drive system which is dependent on boom elevation. When the extension cylinder connection point is laterally displaced above the boom pivot axis, its other end may be connected directly to the outer boom section. However, if the extension cylinder connection point is below the boom pivot axis, a trolley slidably mounted to the base section must be provided to obtain the desired reduction in boom reach as boom elevation is reduced. In this instance the end of the extension cylinder connects to the trolley and a rope and pulley drive system is operated by the motion of the trolley to extend and retract the outer boom section.

A more specific object of the invention is to provide an extension drive system for a three-part boom. A first rope and pulley drive system connects to the base boom section and a mid boom section. It includes and is operated by the trolley which is slidably connected to the base boom section. A second rope and pulley drive system connects to the base boom section and an outer boom section. It includes and is operated by pulleys rotatably attached to the mid boom section.

Still another object of the invention is to provide a substantial reduction in boom reach as its elevation is reduced. The first rope and pulley drive system which includes the trolley may be configured to provide a displacement gain which amplifies the boom reach reduction.

The foregoing objects and advantages of the invention will appear from the following description.

In the description reference is made to the accompanying drawings which form a part hereof, and in which there is shown by way of illustration preferred embodiments of the invention. Such embodiments do not necessarily represent the full scope of the invention, but rather the invention may be employed in many different embodiments and reference is made to the claims herein for interpreting the breadth of the invention.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a schematic representation of a first preferred embodiment of the invention,

FIG. 2 is an elevation view with parts cut away of a truck mounted boom which incorporates a second, preferred embodiment of the invention,

FIG. 3 is a cross section of the boom of FIG. 2 with parts cut away and some parts left out to more clearly illustrate the invention, and

FIG. 4 is a view in cross section of the boom of FIG. 3 taken on the plane 4--4.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS Referring to FIG. 1, an extensible, telescopic boom is comprised of a base section 1 and an outer section 2. The lower end of the base section 1 is rotatably connected to a pedestal 3 to pivot in a vertical plane about a boom pivot axis 4. The blind end of an elevation cylinder 5 is also rotatably connected to the pedestal 3 and a rod 6 thereof rotatably connects to an ear 7 which is integrally formed to the underside of the base boom section 1. The elevation cylinder 5 is hydraulically operated to raise and lower the boom.

The outer boom section 2 is slidably connected to the base boom section 1 and is operable to extend and retract in telescopic fashion along an extension axis indicated generally by the dashed line 8. The reach, or length of the boom is controlled by an extension cylinder 9 which has its blind end rotatably connected to the pedestal 3 at a connection point 10 and its rod end rotatably connected to an ear 11 which is integrally formed to the outer boom section 2. The extension cylinder 9 is hydraulically operated, and when extended, telescopes the outer boom section 2 outward along the extension axis 8 to increase boom length. On the other hand, when shortened it retracts the outer boom section 2 to reduce boom reach. The length of the extension cylinder 9 is manually controlled by the operator of the machine.

Boom reach is automatically altered in response to a change in boom elevation. This action results from the placement of the connection point 10 of the extension cylinder 9 a substantial lateral distance from the boom pivot axis 4. Even though the length of the extension cylinder 9 remains fixed as boom elevation is changed, a telescopic movement of the outer boom section 2 is produced by the pivotal motion of the boom about the pivot axis 4. If, for example, the boom of FIG. 1 is lowered by shortening the elevation cylinder 5, the outer boom section 2 is retracted, or telescoped inward short distance by the extension cylinder which remains fixed in length. Thus, the overall length of the boom is automatically reduced when its elevation is reduced by the operator. Boom reach is thus made a function of boom elevation, and by judiciously positioning the connection point with respect to the boom pivot axis 4, the desired rate of change of boom length with respect to boom elevation may be obtained. The greater the lateral distance between the connection point 10 and boom pivot axis 4, the greater the rate of change of boom length with respect to elevation angle.

It should be apparent to those skilled in the art that the term lateral as used herein refers to a direction which is substantially perpendicular to a line extending between the boom pivot axis and its outer end. In the preferred embodiment of FIG. 1, for example, the boom extension axis 8 passes through the boom pivot axis 4 and the term lateral" refers to a direction substantially perpendicular thereto. It will be appreciated, also. that because the boom may be pivoted through a range of elevations, the term lateral direction refers generally to a corresponding range of directions.

Referring to FIG. 2, a second, preferred embodiment of the invention is employed in a truck mounted aerial lift. A truck includes a cab 16 appropriately equiped for over-the-road operation. The truck 15 also includes a bed 17, upon which is carried a pair of equipment storage compartments that extend upward along each side of bed 17. A table 18 formed of welded steel members is also attached to the truck bed 17 and is positioned between the equipment storage compartments. A turret 19 is rotatably connected to the table I8 and a hydraulic swing motor (not shown in the drawings) is connected to rotate the turret 19 about a vertical axis.

The turret 19 provides support for a three-part boom 20. The turret I9 is formed from steel plates which extend upward a short distance from the table 18 and then nearly horizontal to form a counterweight portion 21. The counterweight portion 21 divides into two sections and the lower end of the boom is rotatably connected to and suspended between the sections by trunions 22 which extend outward from each side of the boom 20. The trunions 22 are journaled to the turret l9 and the boom 20 is thus rotatably connected to pivot in a vertical plane about a boom pivot axis 23.

The boom 20 is comprised of three parts, a base section 24, a mid section 25 and an outer section 26. As shown best in FIG. 4, each boom section 24, 25 and 26 is comprised of four panels welded together to form a rectangular shaped cross section, and each is progressively smaller in size to allow a telescopic configuration. Referring to FIG. 2, for example. mid section 25 is contained within base section 24 and is slidably mounted thereto for telescopic motion along an extension axis 14. The slidable attachment is accomplished with a pair of rollers 27 attached to the bottom panel at the outer end of the base section 24 and a pair of rollers 28 which are connected to the upper panel at the lower end of the mid section 25. The rollers 27 carry the weight of the mid section 25 and the rollers 28 bear against the top panel of the base section 24. Additionally, a roller 29 connects to the lower end of the mid section 25 and rides on the bottom panel of the base section 24 when the mid section is extended or retracted. Similarly, the outer section 26 is slidably mounted to the mid section 25. A pair of rollers 30 connect to the bottom panel at the outer end of the mid boom section 25 to bear against and support the underside of the outer boom section 26. Also, a pair of rollers 31 connect to the top panel at the lower end of the outer boom section 26 to minimize wear and frictional losses between the outer boom section 26 and the upper panel of the mid boom section 25. This slidable attachment of the three boom sections 24, 25, 26 is well known in the art and, therefore, has not been shown in FIG. 3 in order to more clearly illustrate therein the rope and pulley drive systems which form a part of the present invention. It should be apparent to those skilled in the art, however, that some of the pulleys illustrated in FIG. 3 and described below may be coaxially mounted with the above described rollers.

Referring to FIG. 2, a basket 32 connects to the outer end of the outer boom section 26 and is rotatable in a vertical plane about a horizontal boom point shaft 33. The basket 32 is maintained in a level orientation despite boom elevation by a slave cylinder (not shown in the drawings) contained within the outer boom section 26 and connected to the basket 32. The slave cylinder is controlled by a master leveling cylinder 34 which is mounted to the base section 24 at its lower end. The master leveling cylinder 34 is operated by linkages 35 which connnect with the turret l9 and which operate in a manner well known in the art to level the basket 32 at all boom elevations.

Boom elevation is controlled by a hydraulic elevation cylinder 38. The elevation cylinder 38 is mounted to the turret 19, between the sections of the counterweight 2I. Its blind end is journaled thereto by a horizontal shaft 39 which spans the gap between counterweight sections 21. The rod end 40 of the elevation cylinder 38 is rotatably attached to the base boom section 24 by a pin 41 which is journaled between a pair of ears 42 welded to the bottom panel of the base section 24. The length of the elevation cylinder 38 is controlled by a standard hydraulic system which is operated by a set of controls (not shown in the drawings) located in the basket 32. When the elevation cylinder 38 is extended, the boom 20 is rotated upward about the pivot axis 23 to raise. or elevate the basket 32, and when the elevation cylinder 38 is retracted, the boom is lowered.

The boom extension drive system is comprised generally of an extension cylinder and a pair of rope and pulley drive assemblies. Referring particularly to FIGS. 3 and 4, a hydraulic extension cylinder 45 has one end rotatably connected to the turret 19 by means of a pin 46 journaled between the counterweight sections 21. The extension cylinder 45 includes a rod 47, the end of which is rotatably connected to a trolley 48. The trolley 48 in turn is slidably retained to a track 49 which connects to the underside of the base boom section 24. The track 49 is formed by a pair of spaced, V-shaped side plates 50 and 51 which are welded to the underside of the base boom section 24, and a downward facing channel with opposing sidewalls 52 and 53 is thus formed. A pair of angle irons 54 are welded along the length of the side wall 52 and a pair of angle irons 55 are welded along the length of the side wall 53. A pair of parallel, opposing tracks are thus formed within the channel.

The trolley 48 includes a pair of plates 56 and 66 which are rigidly fastened to one another and spaced apart in parallel relationship. The plates 56 and 66 extend downward below the track assembly 49 and a pin 65 is inserted therethrough and retained in a pair of aligned openings. The pin 65 rotatably connects the end of the rod 47 of the extension cylinder 45 to the trolley 48. A pair of axles 57 and 58 extend through the plates 56 and 66 near the top edges thereof, with the axle 57 being located near the back end of the trolley 48 and the axle 58 being located near its forward end. Rotatably connected to the back axle 57 are a pair of trolley pulleys 59 and 60 which are positioned between the plates 56 and 66. Also, a pair of wheels 61 and 62 connect to the ends of the back axle 57 and are retained between the tracks formed by the respective angle irons 54 and 55. The forward axle 58 is similarly connected and includes a pair of trolley pulleys indicated collectively as 63 and a pair of wheels indicated collectively as 64.

The trolley48 is positioned along the track 49 by the extension cylinder 45. If the rod 47 is retracted, the trolley 48 is pulled inward toward the foot of the boom 20, and if extended, the trolley 48 is pushed outward. In addition, however, the trolley 48 is moved along the track 49 when the boom is either raised or lowered. This results from the lateral displacement of the extension cylinder connection point 46 from the boom pivot axis 23. The position of the trolley 48 on the track 49 is thus dependent not only upon the operation of the extension cylinder 45, but also upon the elevation of the boom 20.

The trolley 48 forms part of a first rope and pulley drive assembly which controls the position of the mid boom section 25 with respect to the base boom section 24. The mid boom section 25 in turn forms part of a second rope and pulley drive assembly which controls the position of the outer boom section 26 with respect to the mid boom section 25. The position of the trolley 48 on the track 49 thus determines the relative positions of the boom sections 24, 25 and 26 and, therefore, determines overall boom reach. In the discussion which follows, the first and second rope and pulley drive systems are described in detail, and as shown in F l6. 4, each is actually two, identical systems which are each capable of supporting the basket 32. However, each of the pairs of components which form the rope and pulley drive systems will be treated as a single component and identified in FIG. 4 with the same reference number.

Referring specifically to FIG. 3, the first rope and pulley drive assembly includes an extension rope 68 having one end securely fastened to an end wall 69 which is welded to the outer end of the track 49. The extension rope 68 extends along the track 49, passes underneath and around the forward trolley pulley 63 and back along the track 49 through an opening formed in the plate 69. The extension rope 68 continues over a guide pulley 70 which is rotatably mounted to a plate 67 directly in front of the end wall 69. It then passes under and around a first boom point pulley 71 which is rotatably connected to the bottom panel of the base boom section 24 at its outer end, and upward through an opening in the bottom panel of the base boom section 24. The rope 68 extends back through the space formed between the bottom panels of the base boom section 24 and intermediate boom section 25 and attaches to an end plate 72 which is welded to the lower end of the mid boom section 25.

A retract rope '73 also connects between the mid boom section 25 and the trolley 48. One end connects to a foot plate 74 which is welded to the end plate 72 on'the mid boom section 25, and the retract rope 73 extends back and around a pulley 75 which is journaled to the side panels of the base boom section 24. The rope 73 extends downward through an opening in the bottom panel of the base boom section 24 and passes forward beneath the base boom section 24. An end wall 76 is welded to the inboard end of the track 69 and the retract rope 73 passes forward through an opening formed therein, over and around the rear trolley pulley 69 and back to the end wall 76 where its end is securely fastened.

The first rope and pulley drive system forms a closed loop which includes the trolley 48 and the mid boom section 25. The loop extends nearly the entire length of the base boom section 24 and serves to reverse the direction of operation of the extension cylinder 45. That is, when the rod'47 of the extension cyclinder 45 is extended, the trolley 48 slides outward, or forward along the track 49 allowing slack on the extension rope 68 and applying tension to the retract rope 73. As a result, when the trolley 48 is moved outward, the mid boom section 25 moves inward, or is retracted. On the other hand, when the rod 47 is retracted, the trolley 48 moves inward applying tension to the extension rope 68 and extending the mid boom section 25. The same action results when the extension cylinder 45 is locked and the boom is elevated or lowered by the elevation cylinder 38. In other words, the trolley 48 slides outward when the boom 20 is lowered and the intermediate boom section 25 retracts. Boom reach is thus made a function of boom elevation, and the instability which can result when operating the boom at low elevations is reduced by automatically retracting the boom when it is lowered.

The extension and retraction of the outer boom section 26 is controlled by the motion of the mid boom section 25. To accomplish this, a second rope and pulley drive system including an extension rope 80 and a retract rope 81 are used. One end of the extension rope 80 is securely fastened to a closure plate 82 which is welded to and encloses the lower end of the base boom section 24. The extension rope 80 extends forward through an opening in the end plate 72 of the mid boom section 25 and forward through the cavity formed between the bottom panels of the mid boom section 25 and outer boom section 26. The rope 80 passes over a guide pulley 83 rotatably mounted to the bottom panel of themid boom section 25 near its outer end, and passes under and around a boom point pulley 84 which is also rotatably mounted to the bottom panel of the mid boom section 25 immediately outward of the guide pulley 83. The extension rope 80 then passes back through the same cavity formed by the bottom panels of the mid and outer boom sections and connects to the bottom wall of the outer boom section 26 at a point 85. One end of the retraction rope 81 also fastens to the outer boom section 26 at a point 86 located at its bottom end. The rope 81 passes back through an opening formed in the end plate 72 of the mid boom section 25 and under and around a boom foot pulley 87 which is rotatably connected to the foot plate 74 on the mid boom section 25. The retraction rope 81 extends forward from the pulley 87 through the cavity formed by the top panels of the base boom section 24 and mid boom section 25 and fastens to the top panel of the base boom section 24 at a point 88 at its outer end.

A loop is thus formed and includes the ropes 80 and 81, base boom section 24, the mid boom section 25 and the outer boom section 26. As a result, when the mid boom section 25 is extended or retracted with respect to the base boom section.24, the outer boom section 26 is simultaneously extended or retracted with respect to the mid boom section 25. For example, as the mid boom section 25 is extended, tension is applied to the extension rope 80 and the connection point 85 is pulled toward the boom point pulley 84 to extend the outer boom section 26. On the other hand, when the mid boom section 25 is retracted, tension is applied to the retract rope 81 and the distance between the boom foot pulley 87 and the connection point 86 is reduced to retract the outer boom section 26. Thus as the mid boom section 25 is extended and retracted with respect to the base boom section 24, the outer boom section 26 is extended and retracted a corresponding amount to provide a telescopic action.

It should be apparent to those skilled in the art that numerous variations can be made from the specific rope and pulley drive systems disclosed herein. For example, the extension ropes 68 and retraction ropes 73 may be fastened directly to the trolley 48 instead of passing around the trolley pulleys 60 and 63. In the preferred embodiment described above, the trolley pulleys 60 and 63 are included to provide a displacement gain of two and to thus magnify by a factor of two the change in boom reach with respect to a change in boom elevation. The reduction in boom reach with respect to changes in boom elevation is doubled to insure that stability is improved at all boom orientations. The dis placement gain may not be required in some applications, or in other applications itmay need to be increased to provide greater alterations of boom reach.

I claim: 1. In an extensible boom having a plurality of boom sections including a base boom section which is rotatably connected to a turret for pivotal motion in a vertical plane about a pivot axis, and an elevation cylinder 65 an extension cylinder having one end connected to said turret at a point which is laterally spaced a substantial ditance from said pivot axis;

a trolley slidably connected to said base boom section for motion along the lengthwise dimension thereof and connected to the other end of said extension cylinder;

a second boom section slidably mounted to the base boom section for telescopic motion between a retracted position in which the boom reach is minimal and an extended position in which the boom reach is at a maximum; and

extension drive means connecting said trolley with said second boom section to alter the reach of said boom by sliding said second boom section with respect to said base boom section in response to the sliding motion of said trolley.

2. The extensible boom as recited in claim 1 in which said extension drive means includes a rope and pulleys which form a loop that contains the trolley and said second boom section, and wherein said second boom section slides outward away from said pivot axis to increase boom reach when said trolley slides inward toward said pivot axis and said second boom section slides inward toward said pivot axis to reduce boom reach when said trolley slides outward away from said pivot axis.

3. The extensible boom as recited in claim 2 in which said trolley is slidably retained to said base boom section by a track which is fastened to the underside of said base boom section.

4. In an extensible boom having a plurality of boom sections including a base boom section which is rotatably connected to a turret for pivotal motion in a vertical plane about a pivot axis, and an elevation cylinder connected to said turret and said base boom section to control the elevation of said boom, the improvement comprising:

an extension cylinder having one end connected to said turret at a point which is laterally spaced a substantial distance from said pivot axis;

a trolley slidably connected to said base boom section and rotatably connected to the other end of said extension cylinder; and

extension drive means connecting said trolley with a second boom section to alter the reach of said boom in response to the sliding motion of said trolley, said extension drive means including:

a boom point pulley rotatably connected to said base boom section near its outer end;

a boom foot pulley rotatably connected to said base boom section near its other end;

an extension rope having one end connected to said base boom section and its other end connected to said second boom section, said extension rope extending around one of said trolley pulleys and around said boom point pulley; and

a retraction rope having one end connected to said base boom section and its other end connected to said second boom section, said retraction rope passing around the other of said trolley pulleys and around said boom foot pulley.

5. The extensible boom as recited in claim 4 in which said boom includes a third boom section slidably connected to said second boom section for telescopic motion and said extension drive means includes a second rope and pulley drive which connects to each of said three boom sections and which is responsive to the position of said second boom section with respect to said base boom section to position said third boom section with respect to said second boom section, such that when the second boom section is extended from said base boom section, said third boom section is extended a corresponding amount from said second boom sectron.

6. In an extensible boom mounted at one end to a turret for pivotal motion in a vertical plane, said boom having a plurality of boom sections which are slidably mounted to one another for telescopic motion between a retracted position and an extended position, and having means for elevating and lowering said boom in said vertical plane, the improvement therein comprising extension means for automatically altering boom reach in response to changes in elevation, said extension means including:

an extension cylinder having one end connected to said turret at a point which is laterally spaced a substantial distance from the point at which said boom pivotally connects to said turret;

a trolley slidably mounted to the innermost boom section for motion along the lengthwise dimension of said boom, said trolley being coupled to the other end of said extension cylinder for operation thereby; and

rope and pulley drive means which couple the trolley with an outer boom section to impart a sliding motion thereto with respect to said inner boom section when said trolley slides with respect to said inner boom section, and wherein the trolley slides with respect to the inner boom section when said elevating means is operated to retract said outer boom section when said boom is lowered and to extend said outer boom section when said boom is elevated.

7. The improvement as recited in claim 6 in which said rope and pulley drive means provides a displacement gain of more than one to slide said outer boom section a proportionately greater distance than the trolley slides.

Claims (7)

1. In an extensible boom having a plurality of boom sections including a base boom section which is rotatably connected to a turret for pivotal motion in a vertical plane about a pivot axis, and an elevation cylinder connected to said turret and said base boom section to control the elevation of said boom, the improvement comprising: an extension cylinder having one end connected to said turret at a point which is laterally spaced a substantial ditance from said pivot axis; a trolley slidably connected to said base boom section for motion along the lengthwise dimension thereof and connected to the other end of said extension cylinder; a second boom section slidably mounted to the base boom section for telescopic motion between a retracted position in which the boom reach is minimal and an extended position in which the boom reach is at a maximum; and extension drive means connecting said trolley with said second boom section to alter the reach of said boom by sliding said second boom section with respect to said base boom section in response to the sliding motion of said trolley.
2. The extensible boom as recited in claim 1 in which said extension drive means includes a rope and pulleys which form a loop that contains the trolley and said second boom section, and wherein said second boom section slides outward away from said pivot axis to increase boom reach when said trolley slides inward toward said pivot axis and said second boom section slides inward toward said pivot axis to reduce boom reach when said trolley slides outward away from said pivot axis.
3. The extensible boom as recited in claim 2 in which said trolley is slidably retained to said base boom section by a track which is fastened to the underside of said base boom section.
4. In an extensible boom having a plurality of boom sections including a base boom section which is rotatably connected to a turret for pivotal motion in a vertical plane about a pivot axis, and an elevation cylinder connected to said turret and said base boom section to control the elevation of said boom, the improvement comprising: an extension cylinder having one end connected to said turret at a point which is laterally spaced a substantial distance from said pivot axis; a trolley slidably connected to said base boom section and rotatably connected to the other end of said extension cylinder; and extension drive means connecting said trolley with a second boom section to alter the reach of said boom in response to the sliding motion of said trolley, said extension drive means including: a boom point pulley rotatably connected to said base boom section near its outer end; a boom foot pulley rotatably connected to said base boom section near iTs other end; an extension rope having one end connected to said base boom section and its other end connected to said second boom section, said extension rope extending around one of said trolley pulleys and around said boom point pulley; and a retraction rope having one end connected to said base boom section and its other end connected to said second boom section, said retraction rope passing around the other of said trolley pulleys and around said boom foot pulley.
5. The extensible boom as recited in claim 4 in which said boom includes a third boom section slidably connected to said second boom section for telescopic motion and said extension drive means includes a second rope and pulley drive which connects to each of said three boom sections and which is responsive to the position of said second boom section with respect to said base boom section to position said third boom section with respect to said second boom section, such that when the second boom section is extended from said base boom section, said third boom section is extended a corresponding amount from said second boom section.
6. In an extensible boom mounted at one end to a turret for pivotal motion in a vertical plane, said boom having a plurality of boom sections which are slidably mounted to one another for telescopic motion between a retracted position and an extended position, and having means for elevating and lowering said boom in said vertical plane, the improvement therein comprising extension means for automatically altering boom reach in response to changes in elevation, said extension means including: an extension cylinder having one end connected to said turret at a point which is laterally spaced a substantial distance from the point at which said boom pivotally connects to said turret; a trolley slidably mounted to the innermost boom section for motion along the lengthwise dimension of said boom, said trolley being coupled to the other end of said extension cylinder for operation thereby; and rope and pulley drive means which couple the trolley with an outer boom section to impart a sliding motion thereto with respect to said inner boom section when said trolley slides with respect to said inner boom section, and wherein the trolley slides with respect to the inner boom section when said elevating means is operated to retract said outer boom section when said boom is lowered and to extend said outer boom section when said boom is elevated.
7. The improvement as recited in claim 6 in which said rope and pulley drive means provides a displacement gain of more than one to slide said outer boom section a proportionately greater distance than the trolley slides.
US36113073 1973-05-17 1973-05-17 Drive system for a telescopic boom Expired - Lifetime US3845596A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US36113073 US3845596A (en) 1973-05-17 1973-05-17 Drive system for a telescopic boom

Applications Claiming Priority (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US36113073 US3845596A (en) 1973-05-17 1973-05-17 Drive system for a telescopic boom
CA198,934A CA1004608A (en) 1973-05-17 1974-05-03 Drive system for a telescopic boom

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US3845596A true US3845596A (en) 1974-11-05

Family

ID=23420772

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US36113073 Expired - Lifetime US3845596A (en) 1973-05-17 1973-05-17 Drive system for a telescopic boom

Country Status (2)

Country Link
US (1) US3845596A (en)
CA (1) CA1004608A (en)

Cited By (25)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4035969A (en) * 1975-06-04 1977-07-19 Bruno Casagrande Telescopic columns of machines for making foundations, and the telescopic columns thereby derived
US4094381A (en) * 1977-05-02 1978-06-13 Wilkerson Darrell F Aerial extension ladder
FR2407166A1 (en) * 1977-10-27 1979-05-25 Gen Cable Corp Mobile forklift engine
US4185426A (en) * 1978-01-30 1980-01-29 A-T-O Inc. Extension/elevation intra-action device for aerial lift apparatus
US4221089A (en) * 1979-02-12 1980-09-09 Walter Kidde & Company, Inc. Fail-safe stop arrangement for crane boom extension cable
FR2449641A1 (en) * 1979-02-21 1980-09-19 Mark Ind Hydraulic lifter
USRE31400E (en) * 1979-02-21 1983-10-04 Mark Industries Self propelled and extensible boom
US4470229A (en) * 1981-04-14 1984-09-11 Coles Cranes Limited Telescopic booms for cranes, access or load platforms or the like
US4575976A (en) * 1983-06-24 1986-03-18 Machine Products Corporation Extension and retraction system for boom apparatus
EP0216958A1 (en) * 1984-03-23 1987-04-08 Öberg, Lars Gunnar A lifting yoke for containers
US4676340A (en) * 1986-05-28 1987-06-30 Pierce-Correll Corporation Telescopic boom assembly having high dielectric properties
FR2626103A1 (en) * 1988-01-14 1989-07-21 France Etat Armement Device for supporting an apparatus and adjusting its elevation and its elevation angle orientation
JPH0376958U (en) * 1989-11-10 1991-08-01
US5060427A (en) * 1990-02-01 1991-10-29 Kidde Industries, Inc. Extension and retraction system for four section telescopic boom having simultaneous and equal extension and retraction of the telescopic sections
US5168679A (en) * 1990-09-10 1992-12-08 The Will-Burt Company Telescoping mast assembly
US5718087A (en) * 1996-05-02 1998-02-17 The Will-Burt Company Telescoping mast assembly
GB2416344A (en) * 2004-07-22 2006-01-25 Bamford Excavators Ltd Method of operating a machine which has a telescoping boom mounted thereon
US20060042175A1 (en) * 2004-09-02 2006-03-02 Kabelschlepp Italia S.R.L. Cable carrier chain arrangement in ascending vertical position inserted in telescopic groups with two or more sections
US20070028532A1 (en) * 2004-06-25 2007-02-08 Edo Corporation Mechanical lift, fully nesting, telescoping mast
US20090320385A1 (en) * 2008-06-13 2009-12-31 Erwin Emil Stoetzer Construction apparatus with pivotable mast
US20160368738A1 (en) * 2015-06-16 2016-12-22 Plastic Composites Company Aerial lift platform with dielectric anchor
CN108729860A (en) * 2018-06-04 2018-11-02 湖南五新隧道智能装备股份有限公司 A kind of telescopic arm suit support system and drill jumbo
US10406571B2 (en) 2016-03-08 2019-09-10 Alexander G. Innes Mechanical extended reach Sluicer
US10786905B1 (en) 2018-04-16 2020-09-29 AGI Engineering, Inc. Tank excavator
US10864640B1 (en) 2017-12-26 2020-12-15 AGI Engineering, Inc. Articulating arm programmable tank cleaning nozzle

Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1136604A (en) * 1913-02-10 1915-04-20 Ludger L Heureux Tower for fire-fighting purposes.
US2841998A (en) * 1956-08-27 1958-07-08 J H Holan Corp Articulated apparatus
US2847098A (en) * 1954-07-14 1958-08-12 Heinish George Portable well drilling machine and telescoping tripod mast therefor
US2926634A (en) * 1958-07-18 1960-03-01 Sherman Products Inc Flow control valve
US2966956A (en) * 1960-02-26 1961-01-03 Moore Corp Lee C Extension tower for use with a fork lift truck
US2996196A (en) * 1958-12-23 1961-08-15 Utility Body Company Portable derrick having lateral movement
US3016992A (en) * 1957-10-24 1962-01-16 Wilson John Hart Stabilizer for fluid cylinder plungers of high slenderness ratio
US3231044A (en) * 1964-01-28 1966-01-25 Mobile Aerial Towers Inc Articulated tower construction
US3690408A (en) * 1970-05-08 1972-09-12 Tel E Lect Rotatable and extensible elbow

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1136604A (en) * 1913-02-10 1915-04-20 Ludger L Heureux Tower for fire-fighting purposes.
US2847098A (en) * 1954-07-14 1958-08-12 Heinish George Portable well drilling machine and telescoping tripod mast therefor
US2841998A (en) * 1956-08-27 1958-07-08 J H Holan Corp Articulated apparatus
US3016992A (en) * 1957-10-24 1962-01-16 Wilson John Hart Stabilizer for fluid cylinder plungers of high slenderness ratio
US2926634A (en) * 1958-07-18 1960-03-01 Sherman Products Inc Flow control valve
US2996196A (en) * 1958-12-23 1961-08-15 Utility Body Company Portable derrick having lateral movement
US2966956A (en) * 1960-02-26 1961-01-03 Moore Corp Lee C Extension tower for use with a fork lift truck
US3231044A (en) * 1964-01-28 1966-01-25 Mobile Aerial Towers Inc Articulated tower construction
US3690408A (en) * 1970-05-08 1972-09-12 Tel E Lect Rotatable and extensible elbow

Cited By (29)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4035969A (en) * 1975-06-04 1977-07-19 Bruno Casagrande Telescopic columns of machines for making foundations, and the telescopic columns thereby derived
US4094381A (en) * 1977-05-02 1978-06-13 Wilkerson Darrell F Aerial extension ladder
FR2407166A1 (en) * 1977-10-27 1979-05-25 Gen Cable Corp Mobile forklift engine
US4185426A (en) * 1978-01-30 1980-01-29 A-T-O Inc. Extension/elevation intra-action device for aerial lift apparatus
US4221089A (en) * 1979-02-12 1980-09-09 Walter Kidde & Company, Inc. Fail-safe stop arrangement for crane boom extension cable
FR2449641A1 (en) * 1979-02-21 1980-09-19 Mark Ind Hydraulic lifter
USRE31400E (en) * 1979-02-21 1983-10-04 Mark Industries Self propelled and extensible boom
US4470229A (en) * 1981-04-14 1984-09-11 Coles Cranes Limited Telescopic booms for cranes, access or load platforms or the like
US4575976A (en) * 1983-06-24 1986-03-18 Machine Products Corporation Extension and retraction system for boom apparatus
EP0216958A1 (en) * 1984-03-23 1987-04-08 Öberg, Lars Gunnar A lifting yoke for containers
US4676340A (en) * 1986-05-28 1987-06-30 Pierce-Correll Corporation Telescopic boom assembly having high dielectric properties
FR2626103A1 (en) * 1988-01-14 1989-07-21 France Etat Armement Device for supporting an apparatus and adjusting its elevation and its elevation angle orientation
JPH0376958U (en) * 1989-11-10 1991-08-01
US5060427A (en) * 1990-02-01 1991-10-29 Kidde Industries, Inc. Extension and retraction system for four section telescopic boom having simultaneous and equal extension and retraction of the telescopic sections
US5168679A (en) * 1990-09-10 1992-12-08 The Will-Burt Company Telescoping mast assembly
US5718087A (en) * 1996-05-02 1998-02-17 The Will-Burt Company Telescoping mast assembly
US20070028532A1 (en) * 2004-06-25 2007-02-08 Edo Corporation Mechanical lift, fully nesting, telescoping mast
US7966777B2 (en) * 2004-06-25 2011-06-28 Itt Manufacturing Enterprises, Inc. Mechanical lift, fully nesting, telescoping mast
GB2416344A (en) * 2004-07-22 2006-01-25 Bamford Excavators Ltd Method of operating a machine which has a telescoping boom mounted thereon
US20060180563A1 (en) * 2004-07-22 2006-08-17 J.C. Bamford Excavators Limited Method of operating a machine
US20060042175A1 (en) * 2004-09-02 2006-03-02 Kabelschlepp Italia S.R.L. Cable carrier chain arrangement in ascending vertical position inserted in telescopic groups with two or more sections
US20090320385A1 (en) * 2008-06-13 2009-12-31 Erwin Emil Stoetzer Construction apparatus with pivotable mast
US8046959B2 (en) * 2008-06-13 2011-11-01 Bauer Maschinen Gmbh Construction apparatus with pivotable mast
US20160368738A1 (en) * 2015-06-16 2016-12-22 Plastic Composites Company Aerial lift platform with dielectric anchor
US9776845B2 (en) * 2015-06-16 2017-10-03 Composites Syndicate Pr, Llc Aerial lift platform with dielectric anchor
US10406571B2 (en) 2016-03-08 2019-09-10 Alexander G. Innes Mechanical extended reach Sluicer
US10864640B1 (en) 2017-12-26 2020-12-15 AGI Engineering, Inc. Articulating arm programmable tank cleaning nozzle
US10786905B1 (en) 2018-04-16 2020-09-29 AGI Engineering, Inc. Tank excavator
CN108729860A (en) * 2018-06-04 2018-11-02 湖南五新隧道智能装备股份有限公司 A kind of telescopic arm suit support system and drill jumbo

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CA1004608A (en) 1977-02-01
CA1004608A1 (en)

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
JP4454861B2 (en) Cranes, especially mobile cranes
US4383616A (en) Luffing jib for construction crane
US7172082B2 (en) Mobile crane with a telescopic main boom
FI70557C (en) Roerlig lyftkran eller lyftplattform
US4949808A (en) Aerial apparatus and stabilizing means therefor
US5249643A (en) Vehicular self-propelled aerial work platform and telescoping parallelogram boom therefor
US3112035A (en) Mobile crane
US3939988A (en) Tower crane
US3963133A (en) Public works machine having a removable counterweight and method of dismantling said counterweight
US2646182A (en) Loading and unloading apparatus
US2375264A (en) Vehicle stabilizing arrangement
US4982853A (en) Reinforcement mechanism for multi-stage telescopic boom
CA1068618A (en) Aerial lift
US3243052A (en) Telescopic crane boom with longitudinally extending cylinder connector
US1345304A (en) Derrick for vehicles
EP0310744B1 (en) Leveling assembly for work platforms on articulating booms
US3784035A (en) Vehicle mounted loading hoist
US4217987A (en) Actuator for telescopic boom
US20060043718A1 (en) Vertical outrigger leg
AU611598B2 (en) Crane and lift enhancing beam attachment with moveable counterweight
US4511015A (en) Manlift
US3279622A (en) Vehicle stabilizing means
US4280627A (en) Heavy-duty crane with counterweight
EP0354167B1 (en) Crane, especially a crane for heavy loads
JPH05195681A (en) Movable type drilling device

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
AS Assignment

Owner name: AMERICAN LAFRANCE, LLC, SOUTH CAROLINA

Free format text: PATENT ASSIGNMENT AGREEMENT;ASSIGNOR:LADDER TOWERS, INC.;REEL/FRAME:016945/0245

Effective date: 20051214

AS Assignment

Owner name: PATRIARCH PARTNERS AGENCY SERVICES, LLC, NORTH CAR

Free format text: PATENT COLLATERAL SECURITY AGREEMENT;ASSIGNOR:AMERICAN LAFRANCE, LLC;REEL/FRAME:017154/0385

Effective date: 20051214