US3845267A - Microwave oven with waveguide feed - Google Patents

Microwave oven with waveguide feed Download PDF

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Publication number
US3845267A
US3845267A US43073274A US3845267A US 3845267 A US3845267 A US 3845267A US 43073274 A US43073274 A US 43073274A US 3845267 A US3845267 A US 3845267A
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Prior art keywords
heating
inches
predetermined
heating cavity
cavity
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L Fitzmayer
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General Electric Co
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General Electric Co
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H05ELECTRIC TECHNIQUES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05BELECTRIC HEATING; ELECTRIC LIGHTING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05B6/00Heating by electric, magnetic, or electromagnetic fields
    • H05B6/64Heating using microwaves
    • H05B6/70Feed lines
    • H05B6/705Feed lines using microwave tuning
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H05ELECTRIC TECHNIQUES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05BELECTRIC HEATING; ELECTRIC LIGHTING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05B6/00Heating by electric, magnetic, or electromagnetic fields
    • H05B6/64Heating using microwaves
    • H05B6/6402Aspects relating to the microwave cavity
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B40/00Technologies aiming at improving the efficiency of home appliances
    • Y02B40/10Technologies aiming at improving the efficiency of home appliances relating to domestic cooking
    • Y02B40/14Microwave ovens
    • Y02B40/146Load impedance matching, e.g. by acting upon phase or frequency

Abstract

A counter-top microwave oven comprises an upstanding box-like metal wall structure defining a heating cavity, microwave source means including a ridge waveguide for radiating the microwaves into the heating cavity from the top thereof, the cavity being so dimensioned and the waveguide being so positioned as to excite in the cavity two predetermined complementary transverse electric field modes having resonant frequencies relatively close to each other, for establishing a predetermined field pattern in the heating cavity.

Description

United States Patent [191 Fitzmayer [451 Oct. 29, 1974 MICROWAVE OVEN WITH WAVEGUIDE FEED Primary Examiner-J. V. Truhe Assistant Examiner-Hugh D. Jaeger Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Prangley, Dithmar, Vogel, Sandler & Stotland [57] ABSTRACT A counter-top microwave oven comprises an upstanding box-like metal wall structure defining a heating cavity, microwave source means including a ridge waveguide for radiating the microwaves into the heating cavity from the top thereof, the cavity being so dimensioned and the waveguide being so positioned as to excite in the cavity two predetermined complementary transverse electric field modes having resonant frequencies relatively close to each other, for establishing a predetermined field pattern in the heating cavity.

5 Claims, 2 Drawing Figures PATENIEBnmes m4 FIG. I

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION The present invention relates to electronic heating apparatus of the type commonly referred to as a microwave oven, and specifically to a microwave oven of the counter-top variety which has a heating cavity with dimensions generally comparable to a wavelength of the microwave energy used. More particularly, the present invention is an improvement of the invention disclosed in the copending U.S. application Ser. No. 430,730 of James E. Staats and Louis H. Fitzmayer, filed Jan. 4, l974, entitled MICROWAVE OVEN WITH PRE- F ERRED MODES, and assigned to the assignee of the present invention.

In that copending application, there are disclosed a number of different forms of a microwave oven heating enclosure having microwave energy radiated thereinto by a probe antenna, the cavity dimensions and antenna location providing for the excitation in the heating cavity of two complementary transverse electric (TE) field modes, thereby resulting in a heating pattern which affords fairly uniform heating of a wide variety of low impedance food loads without necessitating the use of a mode stirrer.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION It is a general object of the present invention to provide an electronic heating apparatus characterized by a heating cavity which has microwave energy fed thereto through a waveguide, the apparatus being dimensioned and arranged for excitation in the cavity of two predetermined complementary TE field modes which afford a desirable heating pattern for improved cooling performance.

More specifically, it is an important object of this invention to provide an electronic heating apparatus comprising a metal enclosure in the form of an upstanding rectangular parallelepiped defining a heating cavity for receiving therein a body to be heated, the enclosure including a rectangular top wall having a rectangular opening therein adjacent to one corner thereof, source means including a ridge waveguide electrically coupled to the heating cavity through the opening in the top wall for transmitting microwave energy of a predetermined wavelength into the heating cavity, the heating cavity being dimensioned for exciting therein two predetermined complementary electromagnetic field modes having resonant frequencies relatively close to each other, at least one of the predetermined electromagnetic field modes having the fields thereof constant in a direction parallel to one of the dimensions of the heating cavity, each of the predetermined electromagnetic field modes having the fields thereof varying in the direction in which the fields of the other mode are constant, whereby there is established in the heating cavity and electromagnetic field pattern providing uniform heating of an associated body.

Further features of the invention pertain to the particular arrangement of the parts of the electronic heating apparatus whereby the above-outlined and additional operating features thereof are attained.

The invention, both as to its organization and method of operation, together with further objects and advantages thereof, will best be understood by reference to the following specification taken in connection with the accompanying drawings.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a front perspective view of a microwave oven including a heating enclosure constructed in accordance with and embodying the features of the present invention; and

FIG. 2 is a diagrammatic perspective view of the heating cavity of the electronic heating apparatus of FIG. 1, diagrammatically illustrating the two complementary transverse electric field modes excited therein.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT Referring now in particular to FIGS. 1 and 2 of the drawings, there is illustrated a microwave oven, generally designated by the numeral 10, constructed in accordance with and embodying the features of the present invention. The microwave oven 10 is adapted for placement on top of a table or counter and is housed in a cabinet which includes an upstanding front panel 11, a rear wall 12, a top wall 13, a bottom wall 14 and a pair of opposed side walls 16 and 17. Mounted within the oven cabinet alongside the front panel 11 is a heating enclosure, generally designated by the numeral 20, including a top wall 21, a bottom wall 22, a rear wall 23 and a pair of opposed side walls 24 and 26, the front of the heating enclosure 20 being closed by a door 15 which, in the closed position thereof, forms the front wall of the heating enclosure 20, which enclosure is generally in the form of a rectangular parallelepiped. Formed in the top wall 21 adjacent to the right rear corner thereof, as viewed in FIG. 2, is a rectangular opening 28 for a purpose to be described more fully below.

The heating enclosure 20 serves to separate the interior of the oven cabinet into a heating cavity defined within the heating enclosure 20 and a machinery compartment 25 between the heating enclosure 20 and the oven cabinet walls 12, 13, I4 and 17. Mounted in the machinery compartment 25 is a microwave source mechanism (not shown) including a magnetron, a power supply and a transmission line, for generating and transmitting microwave energy to a generally rectangular ridge waveguide, generally designated by the numeral 30, disposed at the top of the heating enclosure 20. The magnetron and power supply therefor may be of any suitable construction, but are preferably of the type illustrated in the aforementioned copending U.S. application Ser. No. 430,730, which operates from normal volt a.c. household current and generates microwave energy having a frequency of 915 MHz.

The ridge waveguide 30 overlies the top wall 21 of the heating enclosure 20 and, in particular, overlies the opening 28 in the top wall 21. The portion of the waveguide 30 overlying the top wall 21 has an open bottom for communication with the interior of the heating enclosure 20 through the opening 28, whereby microwave energy may be radiated into the heating cavity through the opening 28.

It is a significant feature of the present invention that the heating enclosure 20 is so dimensioned that there can be excited therein two predetermined complementary electromagnetic field modes which afford a preferred heating pattern to give good heating performance without necessitating a mode stirrer or other moving mechanism in the heating cavity. Preferably the two predetermined complementary modes will have very nearly the same resonant frequency, which will preferably be on the high side of the microwave band of 5 890940 MHz. allotted for microwave heating devices and selected for use in this invention.

More particularly, it has been found that a desirable heating pattern is provided when there is produced in the heating enclosure the TE mode resonant at approximately 950 MHz. and the TE mode, resonant at approximately 945 MHz., where the numeral subscripts represent, respectively, the variations of the mode fields in the directions of the width, height and depth of the heating cavity. ln FIG. 2 of the drawings, the field pattern of the TE mode is diagrammatically illustrated in dashed lines and is designated by the numeral 40, while the field pattern of the TE mode is diagrammatically illustrated in broken line and designated by the numeral 45. As can be seen from FIG. 2, the TE mode has fields constant only in the direction of the width of the heating cavity, while the TE mode has fields constant only in the direction of the height of the heating cavity, whereby these two modes compliment each other in producing a desirable composite field pattern which varies in all three dimensions.

ln order to produce this predetermined electromagnetic field mode pattern, the heating enclosure 20 has a width of 14 inches, a height of l3 inches and a depth of 14 inches, the rectangular opening 28 in the top wall 21 measuring 3 inches by 5 inches.

From the foregoing, it can be seen that there has been provided an improved microwave heating appara tus having a heating enclosure to which microwave energy is fed by a ridge waveguide, the heating cavity being dimensioned to provide excitation of two predetermined complementary electromagnetic field modes.

More particularly, there has been provided an electronic heating apparatus of the character described, wherein the heating enclosure is in the form of a rectangular parallelepiped having a rectangular opening in the top wall thereof through which microwave energy at a frequency of 915 MHz. is radiated from a ridge waveguide for producing in the heating cavity the TE and the TE field modes, respectively resonant at approximately 950 MHz. and approximately 945 MHz.

While there has been described what is at present considered to be the preferred embodiment of the invention, it will be understood that various modifications may be made therein and it is intended to cover in the appended claims all such modifications as fall within the true spirit and scope of the invention.

What is claimed is:

1. Electronic heating apparatus comprising a metal enclosure in the form of an upstanding rectangular parallelepiped defining a heating cavity for receiving therein a body to be heated, said enclosure including a rectangular top wall having a rectangular opening therein adjacent to one corner thereof, source means including a ridge waveguide electrically coupled to said heating cavity through said opening in said top wall for transmitting microwave energy of a predetermined wavelength into said heating cavity, said heating cavity being dimensioned for exciting therein two predetermined complementary electromagnetic field modes having resonant frequencies relatively close to each other, at least one of said predetermined electromagnetic field modes having the fields thereof constant in a direction parallel to one of the dimensions of said heating cavity, each of said predetermined electromagnetic field modes having the fields thereof varying in the direction in which the fields of the other mode are constant, whereby there is established in said heating cavity in electromagnetic field pattern providing uniform heating of an associated body.

2. The electronic heating apparatus set forth in claim 1, wherein said predetermined frequency is 915 MHz.

3. The electronic heating apparatus set forth in claim 1, wherein said heating cavity has a width of 14 inches and a height of 13 inches and a depth of 14 inches, said opening being disposed adjacent to the rear of said enclosure.

4. The electronic heating apparatus set forth in claim 1, wherein said heating cavity has a width of 14 inches and a height of 13 inches and a depth of 14 inches, said opening being disposed adjacent to the rear of said enclosure and having dimensions 3 inches by 5 inches.

5. The electronic heating apparatus set forth in claim 1, wherein said predetermined frequency is 915 MHz., and one of said predetermined modes is transverse electric field mode resonant at a frequency of approximately 950 MHz. and the other of said predetermined modes is a transverse electric mode resonant at a frequency of approximately 945 MHz.

Claims (5)

1. Electronic heating apparatus comprising a metal enclosure in the form of an upstanding rectangular parallelepiped defining a heating cavity for receiving therein a body to be heated, said enclosure including a rectangular top wall having a rectangular opening therein adjacent to one corner thereof, source means including a ridge waveguide electrically coupled to said heating cavity through said opening in said top wall for transmitting microwave energy of a predetermined wavelength into said heating cavity, said heating cavity being dimensioned for exciting therein two predetermined complementary electromagnetic field modes having resonant frequencies relatively close to each other, at least one of said predetermined electromagnetic field modes having the fields thereof constant in a direction parallel to one of the dimensions of said heating cavity, each of said predetermined electromagnetic field modes having the fields thereof varying in the direction in which the fields of the other mode are constant, whereby there is established in said heating cavity in electromagnetic field pattern providing uniform heating of an associated body.
2. The electronic heating apparatus set forth in claim 1, wherein said predetermined frequency is 915 MHz.
3. The electronic heating apparatus set forth in claim 1, wherein said heating cavity has a width of 14 inches and a height of 13 inches and a depth of 14 inches, said opening being disposed adjacent to the rear of said enclosure.
4. The electronic heating apparatus set forth in claim 1, wherein said heating cavity has a width of 14 inches and a height of 13 inches and a depth of 14 inches, said opening being disposed adjAcent to the rear of said enclosure and having dimensions 3 inches by 5 inches.
5. The electronic heating apparatus set forth in claim 1, wherein said predetermined frequency is 915 MHz., and one of said predetermined modes is transverse electric field mode resonant at a frequency of approximately 950 MHz. and the other of said predetermined modes is a transverse electric mode resonant at a frequency of approximately 945 MHz.
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Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO1982003743A1 (en) * 1981-04-24 1982-10-28 Nobue Tomotaka A microwave oven
FR2511876A1 (en) * 1981-08-31 1983-03-04 Centre Nat Rech Scient Applicator microwave for localized hyperthermia
JPS58194288A (en) * 1982-05-08 1983-11-12 Matsushita Electric Ind Co Ltd High frequency heater
US5237139A (en) * 1990-09-21 1993-08-17 Whirlpool International B.V. Microwave oven, a method for excitation of the cavity of a microwave oven, and a wave guide device for carrying out the method
US5352873A (en) * 1992-06-10 1994-10-04 Whirlpool Europe B.V. Microwave oven cavity including a grill element
EP0746182A2 (en) * 1995-05-31 1996-12-04 The Rubbright Group, Inc. Rectangular microwave applicator
US8073550B1 (en) 1997-07-31 2011-12-06 Miramar Labs, Inc. Method and apparatus for treating subcutaneous histological features
US8401668B2 (en) 2007-04-19 2013-03-19 Miramar Labs, Inc. Systems and methods for creating an effect using microwave energy to specified tissue
US8406894B2 (en) 2007-12-12 2013-03-26 Miramar Labs, Inc. Systems, apparatus, methods and procedures for the noninvasive treatment of tissue using microwave energy
US8469951B2 (en) 2011-08-01 2013-06-25 Miramar Labs, Inc. Applicator and tissue interface module for dermatological device
US8688228B2 (en) 2007-04-19 2014-04-01 Miramar Labs, Inc. Systems, apparatus, methods and procedures for the noninvasive treatment of tissue using microwave energy
US9149331B2 (en) 2007-04-19 2015-10-06 Miramar Labs, Inc. Methods and apparatus for reducing sweat production
US9241763B2 (en) 2007-04-19 2016-01-26 Miramar Labs, Inc. Systems, apparatus, methods and procedures for the noninvasive treatment of tissue using microwave energy

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2593067A (en) * 1947-02-13 1952-04-15 Raytheon Mfg Co High-frequency apparatus
US3798404A (en) * 1972-12-21 1974-03-19 Gen Electric Electronic oven with mode exciter

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2593067A (en) * 1947-02-13 1952-04-15 Raytheon Mfg Co High-frequency apparatus
US3798404A (en) * 1972-12-21 1974-03-19 Gen Electric Electronic oven with mode exciter

Cited By (25)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO1982003743A1 (en) * 1981-04-24 1982-10-28 Nobue Tomotaka A microwave oven
DE3241304C2 (en) * 1981-04-24 1993-04-01 Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd., Kadoma, Osaka, Jp
FR2511876A1 (en) * 1981-08-31 1983-03-04 Centre Nat Rech Scient Applicator microwave for localized hyperthermia
EP0073709A1 (en) * 1981-08-31 1983-03-09 Etablissement Public dit: CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE (CNRS) Microwave applicator for localised hyperthermia
JPS58194288A (en) * 1982-05-08 1983-11-12 Matsushita Electric Ind Co Ltd High frequency heater
US5237139A (en) * 1990-09-21 1993-08-17 Whirlpool International B.V. Microwave oven, a method for excitation of the cavity of a microwave oven, and a wave guide device for carrying out the method
US5352873A (en) * 1992-06-10 1994-10-04 Whirlpool Europe B.V. Microwave oven cavity including a grill element
EP0746182A2 (en) * 1995-05-31 1996-12-04 The Rubbright Group, Inc. Rectangular microwave applicator
EP0746182A3 (en) * 1995-05-31 1997-05-28 Rubbright Group Inc Rectangular microwave applicator
US5828040A (en) * 1995-05-31 1998-10-27 The Rubbright Group, Inc. Rectangular microwave heating applicator with hybrid modes
US8853600B2 (en) 1997-07-31 2014-10-07 Miramar Labs, Inc. Method and apparatus for treating subcutaneous histological features
US8367959B2 (en) 1997-07-31 2013-02-05 Miramar Labs, Inc. Method and apparatus for treating subcutaneous histological features
US8073550B1 (en) 1997-07-31 2011-12-06 Miramar Labs, Inc. Method and apparatus for treating subcutaneous histological features
US9216058B2 (en) 1997-07-31 2015-12-22 Miramar Labs, Inc. Method and apparatus for treating subcutaneous histological features
US9241763B2 (en) 2007-04-19 2016-01-26 Miramar Labs, Inc. Systems, apparatus, methods and procedures for the noninvasive treatment of tissue using microwave energy
US9149331B2 (en) 2007-04-19 2015-10-06 Miramar Labs, Inc. Methods and apparatus for reducing sweat production
US8688228B2 (en) 2007-04-19 2014-04-01 Miramar Labs, Inc. Systems, apparatus, methods and procedures for the noninvasive treatment of tissue using microwave energy
US8401668B2 (en) 2007-04-19 2013-03-19 Miramar Labs, Inc. Systems and methods for creating an effect using microwave energy to specified tissue
US9427285B2 (en) 2007-04-19 2016-08-30 Miramar Labs, Inc. Systems and methods for creating an effect using microwave energy to specified tissue
US8406894B2 (en) 2007-12-12 2013-03-26 Miramar Labs, Inc. Systems, apparatus, methods and procedures for the noninvasive treatment of tissue using microwave energy
US8825176B2 (en) 2007-12-12 2014-09-02 Miramar Labs, Inc. Apparatus for the noninvasive treatment of tissue using microwave energy
US9028477B2 (en) 2011-08-01 2015-05-12 Miramar Labs, Inc. Applicator and tissue interface module for dermatological device
US8535302B2 (en) 2011-08-01 2013-09-17 Miramar Labs, Inc. Applicator and tissue interface module for dermatological device
US8469951B2 (en) 2011-08-01 2013-06-25 Miramar Labs, Inc. Applicator and tissue interface module for dermatological device
US9314301B2 (en) 2011-08-01 2016-04-19 Miramar Labs, Inc. Applicator and tissue interface module for dermatological device

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