US383742A - maury - Google Patents

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US383742A
US383742A US383742DA US383742A US 383742 A US383742 A US 383742A US 383742D A US383742D A US 383742DA US 383742 A US383742 A US 383742A
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lever
pole
pin
bolt
ferrule
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B62LAND VEHICLES FOR TRAVELLING OTHERWISE THAN ON RAILS
    • B62CVEHICLES DRAWN BY ANIMALS
    • B62C11/00Safeguarding appliances not otherwise provided for, e.g. for readily releasing unmanageable draught animals
    • B62C11/02Providing for disengaging thills

Description

(No Model.)

2- Sheets-Shet 1. T. MAURY & E. ROUBINET.

* HORSE DETAGHER.

No. 383,742. Patented May 29, 1888.

(No Mmlel'.) r 2 Sheets-Sheet 2.

T. MAURY & E. ROUBINET.

HORSE DETAGHER.

FFICE.

THEODORE MAURY AND ELIE ROUBINET, OF TERRASSON, FRANCE.

HORSE-DETACHER.

SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 883,7-12, dated May 29, 1888. Application filed February 23, 1883. Serial No. "264,949. (No model.) Patented in France August 17, 1887, No. 185,355.

To aZZ whom it may concern:

Be it known that We, THEODORE MAURY and ELIE ROUBINET, citizens of the French Republic, residing at Terrasson, in the Department of Dordogne, France, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Devices for Detaching Horses from Vehicles, (for which we have obtained Letters Patent in France, dated August 17, 1887, No. 185,355;) and we do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it pertains to make and use the same, reference beinghad to the accompanying drawings, and tolettcrs of reference marked thereon, which form a part of this specification, and in which- Figure 1 is a top plan view of soniuch of the running-gear of a vehicle for a single horse as is necessary to illustrate our invention. Fig. 2 is a longitudinal sectional elevation of a portion of such a vehicle for two or more horses. Fig. 3 is a top plan view of a portion of the running'gear of a' vehicle for two or more horses. Fig. tis a sectional side elevation thereof; and Figs. 5, 6, and 7 are detail views.

The invention relates to devices for releas ing or detaching a horse or horses from a vehicle in case of a runaway, or in case of such horse or horses becoming unmanageable.

The invention has for its object to provide means applicable to all classes of vehicles whereby the draft animal or animals may be readily unhitched or detached; and the said invention consists in structural features and combinations of parts whereby the desired results are obtained, substantially as hereinafter fully described, and as set forth in the claims.

Referring to Figs. 1 and 2, \V indicates the fifth-wheel, and T the thill, to which the shafts are secured by means of ahitching-pin, t. The pins 15, as shown, are provided with a forked extension or head, in which are formed segmental slots t. Within the forked end ofsaid pins or bolts lies the end of a lever, S, so as to move freely in said fork, and said lever end is connected with the pin 15 by a bolt, 8, that passes loose] y through the slots t, and by means of suitable retaining-nuts. The lever is fulcrumed on a standard, S, secured in proper positions to the thill, and is actuated by a spring, S, Fig. 6, the stress of which is exertcd to hold the lever, with the bolt 8, pressed against the outer end of the slots t, so as to firmly hold the hitching-bolts in their proper positions in the thill a-rms.

From the tubular fulcrum of the lever S projects a radial arm, S", in the outer end of which is formed an eye, 8, as more plainly shown in Fig. 5, to which eye is secured one end of a chain or'cord,or a connectingrod, R, and achain, O, the other end of the latter passing through an eye in the end of a segment-arm, A, pivoted toa bearing in which is mounted a pulley, P, which bearing is secured about centrallyfto the thill T. The two cords 0, attached to the connectingrods R, or to the leverarms S after passing through the eyes in the segmental arm A, unite and the single cord 0 passes over the pulley P, thence over a pulley, P, that hasits hearings in asuitablc bracket mounted on or secured to the kingbolt 13 of the vehicle, thence over guide-pulleys p, p, and 19 mounted in suitable brackets, b and b, respectively secured to the vehiclei'rame. From the pulley p" the cord Cpasses to the rearw ardly-projecting arm Z of a springactuated hand lever, L, that has its fulcrum on the dash-board B. It is obvious that when the lever L is moved rearwardly against the stress of its spring Z the horizontal arm Z thereof will move forward, drawing on the cord 0 and its branch cords O, and lever-arm S to move the lovers S inwardly against the stress of their springs S, Fig. 6, when a further movement of the hand-lever L will cause said bolts to withdraw the hitching-pins, t, and release the vehicle shafts, thereby detaching the animal from the vehicle. This principle may be applied to vehicles having a pole and double or whiffle tree, whether two or more animals are hitched thereto, as illustrated in Figs. 3 and 4. In this case the hitohingpins are constructed as shown, a short pin, 13, projecting laterally from the slotted head for the pole-trace, and a long pin, t, extending along the upper face of the whiitletree and sliding in guides 1 Fig. 3, for the off trace, such an arrangement being provided on each side of the pole E. The

levers S are here connected by links 8 to a draft-rod, R, which latter is pivoted to a segment, F, that has its fulcrum on a standard, F, bolted to the pole. To the shaft or journal of the segment is secured an arm, or lever L, which arm orlever may form an integral part of the cordf of the segment, and to the said-arm is connected the draftrcord O, that is operated from the drivers seat. The breast chains or straps are likewise released by a connectingrod pivoted to the front end of the segment F and a relcasinglever, S, that draws the pin or bolt t* out of the pole to release the breastto which the leader or leaders are hitched can not fall to and drag on the ground, as it will be held up by the breast straps or chains of the wheeh or pole horses, which remained;- taohed to the ferrule G.

In practice we arrange within the ferrule G- a strong coiled spring, K, Fig. 7, the tension of which tends to throw the ferrule off the end of the pole, so that as soon as the couplingbolt 15* is released the spring will throw the ferrule off. A pull on the cord 0 will there fore simultaneously release both pole or wheel horses, or the latter, and a leader or leaders, as will be readily understood, the hitchingpins being by this operation drawn inward toward the pole out of the rings at the ends of the traces.

Having thus described our invention, what we claim, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-

1. In a horse-detaching device, the combination, with the thill or whiffletree and a hitching pin provided with a forked head having asegmental slot formed therein, of a rocking lever connected to the fork of the pin by a bolt passing loosely through the segmental slots in the ears of the fork, and means for rocking the lever, to move the pin out of its bearings, substantially as and for the purposes specified.

2. In a horse detaching device, the combination, with the thill or whiffletree and a hitching-pin having its bearings on or in said thill or Whiffletree, said pin being provided with a forked head having a segmental slot formed therein, of a spring-actuated rock-lever connected to the fork of the pin by a bolt passing loosely through the segmental slots in the ears of said fork, the stress of the spring being exerted to hold the pin in its bearings, and means for rocking the lever against the stress of its spring to move the pin out of its bearings, substantially as and for the purposes specified.

3. In a horse-detaching device, the combination, with the double or whiffle treeand the pole of the vehicle provided with a detachable breast-strap ferrule, of a pin or bolt to lock said ferrule to the pole, hitching-pins arranged in pairs on opposite sides of the pole and working in bearings secured to the whittletree, said pins being provided with a forked head having asegmental slot formed in the ears thereof, levers connected to the fork of the pins by means of a bolt passing loosely through said segmental slots, a rocking segment and links and connecting-rods connecting the levers of the hitching-pins and the retaining-bolt for the breast-strap ferrule with said rocking segment, and a draft rod or chain for rocking the segment to simultaneously withdraw the retainingbolt and hitching-pins from their bearings, substantially as and for the purposes specified.

4. The combination, with the pole of a ve hiele, of a detachable breast-strap ferrule, a bolt for locking the ferrule to the pole, said bolt having a forked head, in which is formed a segmental slot, a rock-lever connected with the fork of the bolt by a bolt passing loosely through the segmental slots in the ears of the fork, and a cord or rod for rocking the lever from the drivers seat, substantially as and for the purposes specified.

In testimony that we claim the foregoing we have hereunto set our hands this 2d day of February, 1888.

T. MAURY. E. ROUBINEI. Witnesses:

UAMILLE CHARROPPIN, VIoToR RoMEIN.

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20050288792A1 (en) * 2004-06-23 2005-12-29 Landes Mark D Modular ankle prosthesis and associated method

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20050288792A1 (en) * 2004-06-23 2005-12-29 Landes Mark D Modular ankle prosthesis and associated method

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