US3835892A - Double wall exhaust pipe - Google Patents

Double wall exhaust pipe Download PDF

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Publication number
US3835892A
US3835892A US30942172A US3835892A US 3835892 A US3835892 A US 3835892A US 30942172 A US30942172 A US 30942172A US 3835892 A US3835892 A US 3835892A
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United States
Prior art keywords
conduit
strips
double
exhaust pipe
pressure
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Expired - Lifetime
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R Keller
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Motors Liquidation Co
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Motors Liquidation Co
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Publication date
Application filed by Motors Liquidation Co filed Critical Motors Liquidation Co
Priority to US30942172 priority Critical patent/US3835892A/en
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Publication of US3835892A publication Critical patent/US3835892A/en
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F01MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; ENGINE PLANTS IN GENERAL; STEAM ENGINES
    • F01NGAS-FLOW SILENCERS OR EXHAUST APPARATUS FOR MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; GAS-FLOW SILENCERS OR EXHAUST APPARATUS FOR INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES
    • F01N13/00Exhaust or silencing apparatus characterised by constructional features ; Exhaust or silencing apparatus, or parts thereof, having pertinent characteristics not provided for in, or of interest apart from, groups F01N1/00 - F01N5/00, F01N9/00, F01N11/00
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16LPIPES; JOINTS OR FITTINGS FOR PIPES; SUPPORTS FOR PIPES, CABLES OR PROTECTIVE TUBING; MEANS FOR THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16L9/00Rigid pipes
    • F16L9/18Double-walled pipes; Multi-channel pipes or pipe assemblies
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T137/00Fluid handling
    • Y10T137/7722Line condition change responsive valves
    • Y10T137/7837Direct response valves [i.e., check valve type]
    • Y10T137/7879Resilient material valve
    • Y10T137/788Having expansible port
    • Y10T137/7882Having exit lip
    • Y10T137/7884Side vent

Abstract

A double wall exhaust pipe comprising inner and outer conduits includes a plurality of inwardly lanced strips on the inner conduit which are reformed to their original position. The lanced strips yield upon pressure buildup between the conduits to allow pressure venting while maintaining a double wall thickness resistance to corrosion.

Description

United States Patent Keller Sept. 17, 1974 DOUBLE WALL EXHAUST PIPE 2,941,544 6/1960 Perus 137/5251 x 3,382,948 5/1968 W lk t 1 181/35 B [75] Inventor: Robert Keller, Troy Mlch- 3,572,379 3/1971 Pozai t alf 137 5251 [73] Assignee: General Motors Corporation,

Detroit, Mich. Primary Examiner-Richard C. Queisser Assistant ExaminerDaniel M. Yasich [22] Flled' 3; 2 1972 Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Peter D. Sachtjen [21] Appl. No.2 3 ,4 1

[57] ABSTRACT [52] US. Cl. 138/178, 137/525.1, 181/36 B 51 1111.01. F161 9/18 A duble exhaust compr'smg and 58 Field 01 Search 138/178, 177, 140, 143; P 9999919mcludeseplurality inwardly lance? 137/525'1; 181/35 B, 36 B strlps on the 1 nner condu1t WhlCh are reformed to then origmal posmon. The lanced strips yleld upon pressure [561 2:;wtli rzziztatxzgzfizizzrs 3291121 225: :23;-

UNITED STATES PATENTS tance to corroslon. 2,386,747 10/1945 Ris 138/140 X 2,808,896 10/1957 Wilman 181/36 B 2 Claims, 7 Drawing Figures 1 DOUBLE WALL EXHAUST PIPE The present invention relates to fluid flow conduits and, in particular, to a double wall exhaust pipe having integral pressure venting.

Current motor vehicles use a laminated or double wall construction for the exhaust pipe leading from the engine to the muffler. This construction prolongs the useful life of'the pipe by providing an additional wall thickness for reducing corrosion. It also reduces acoustical transmission or pipe noise through the walls of the pipe. Under certain conditions, pressure can build up between the walls. This can cause the inner wall to collapse with a consequent reduction in engine performance. Various methods have been used for relieving this pressure buildup, usually a hole in either the inner or the outer wall. These holes leave only a single wall thickness between exhaust gas and atmosphere making the pipe locally susceptible to adverse effects from corrosion.

The present invention provides a double wall exhaust pipe construction having integral pressure relief means and a continuous double wall thickness resistance to corrosion. More particularly, these features are achieved by forming a series of axially aligned lanced strips at spaced axial locations along the inner wall. The strips are originally radially inwardly lanced and are thereafter reformed into their original position in continuity with the wall cross section. The reforming provides a continuous double wall between the exhaust gases and atmosphere to eliminate the localized corrosion problem above described. These lanced strips are defined by parallel axial slits to establish pressure relief sections which are limitedly supported only at the ends thereof. Upon a pressure buildup between the walls, the strips yield inwardly to allow venting of the entrapped gases thereby preventing a collapse of the inner wall.

Accordingly, an object of the present invention is to provide a double wall fluid flow conduit having integral pressure relief means and a continuous double wall resistance to corrosion.

Another object of the present invention is to provide a double wall exhaust pipe for an internal combustion engine having a plurality of in-place pressure relief sections which yield to a venting position upon pressure buildup between the walls.

A further object of the present invention is to provide a laminated exhaust pipe construction wherein a plurality of strips are lanced in the inner pipe and reformed to their original position to establish a continuous double wall resistance of corrosion, the strips being limitedly supported only at the ends thereof and yielding inwardly to relieve pressure buildup between the inner and outer pipes.

Yet another object of the present invention is to pro vide a method of making a double wall exhaust pipe with integral pressure relief means wherein a plurality of strips are lanced at spaced axial locations along the length of the inner pipe and are reformed into their original cross sectional position to provide a double wall resistance to corrosion while being limitedly supported so as to yield to a venting position upon a pressure buildup between the pipes.

These and other features of the present invention will be apparent to one skilled in the art upon reading the following detailed description, reference being made to the accompanying drawings showing a preferred embodiment in which:

FIG. 1 is a plan view of a motor vehicle frame incorporating an exhaust system for an internal combustion engine having a double wall exhaust pipe made in accordance with the present invention;

FIG. 2 is an enlarged partially sectioned fragmentary view of the double wall exhaust pipe showing the lanced pressure relief strips;

FIG. 3 is a view taken along line 33 of FIG. 2 showing the disposition of the in-place pressure relief strip to the conduit walls;

FIG. 4 is an enlarged fragmentary view showing the in-place pressure relief strip with respect to the conduit walls;

FIG. 5 is a view taken along line 5-5 of FIG. 4;

FIG. 6 is a fragmentary sectional view showing the lancing of the pressure relief strip on the inner wall; and

FIG. 7 is a view taken along line 7-7 of FIG. 6 showing the lanced position of the pressure relief strip with respect to the inner wall.

Referring to FIG. 1, there is shown a motor vehicle frame 10 in which there is a mounted internal combustion engine 12. For the V-type engine illustrated, exhaust manifolds 14 are provided on either side thereof. The engine exhaust gases are discharged from the exhaust manifolds 14 to an exhaust line 16 including a crossover pipe 18. The exhaust line 16 includes a double wall exhaust pipe 20 serially connected to an attenuating device 22 and a tailpipe 24.

To reduce acoustical transmission through the exhaust pipe, it is conventional to use a double wall or a laminated exhaust pipe construction. In such a construction, a seamless or welded outer conduit is disposed tightly around a welded or seamless inner conduit. Under certain circumstances, exhaust gases can effect a pressure buildup between the inner and outer conduits and cause a collapse of the inner pipe.

The present exhaust pipe includes means for preventing inner pipe collapse due to pressure buildup and maintaining a continuous double wall resistance to corrosion. As shown in FIGS. 2 and 3, the exhaust pipe includes an outer conduit 30 defined by a cylindrical wall 31 and an inner conduit 32 defined by a cylindrical wall 33. The outer conduit 30 has its inside diameter disposed tightly around the outside diameter of an inner conduit 32 in juxtaposed relationship therewith continuously circumferentially therearound along the axial length of the inner conduit 32. This construction provides a double thickness corrosion resistant barrier having a width 2t. To prevent pressure buildup between the pipes which can cause the aforementioned collapse, an axially spaced series of generally rectangular lanced pressure relief strips 34 are formed at spaced axial locations along the inner conduit 32. Each pressure relief strip 34 is defined by a pair of parallel axially extending slits 36. It has been found that a 6 inch spacing between strips having a width of 0.12 inch and a length of 0.25 inch provides effective pressure venting capabilities. The pressure relief strips 34 are supported only at bridge sections 38 adjacent the ends of the slits 36. The strips, as shown in FIGS. 6 and 7, are originally radially inwardly lanced on the inner pipe 32 by means of a suitable tool 40. The lancing provides a preformed strip 34a having an undulating configuration along the length thereof. As shown in FIG. 7, the apex of the preformed strip 34a projects radially inwardly beyond the inner surface 42 of the pipe 32. This lancing may take place before or after forming of the inner conduit 32.

As shown in FIGS. 4 and 5, the strips are thereafter reformed into cross sectional juxtaposed continuity with adjacent sections 44 of the inner pipe 32. By reforming the pressure relief strips 34 to their original place in the conduit cross section, a double wall corrosion resistance barrier 21 is provided at the strip which establishes a continuous double wall corrosion resistance barrier along the entire axial length of the exhaust pipe 20.

The slits 36 establish a circumferential structural discontinuity and the strips 34 are only limitedly supported at the bridge sections 38. Therefore, when the pressure between the inner conduit 32 and the outer conduit 30 increases beyond a predetermined value, the strip 34 will yield inwardly to allow pressure venting of the entrapped gases.

Although the strips of the preferred embodiment are defined by pairs of lances or slits, it is also apparent that reformed tabs, louvers, or other limitedly supported reformed sections in either the inner or outer conduit will provide the dual function of a continuous double wall corrosion barrier and yielding pressure vents described above.

Although only one form of this invention has been shown and described, other forms will be readily apparent to those skilled in the art. Therefore, it is not intended to limit the scope of this invention by the embodiment selected for the purpose of this disclosure but only by the claims which follow.

What is claimed is:

1. A double wall exhaust pipe comprising: an inner conduit, an outer conduit surrounding said inner conduit having its inside diameter tightly disposed in juxtaposed relationship with the outside diameter of said inner conduit, a plurality of lanced strips on said inner conduit, each of said lanced strips including a pair of parallel circumferentially spaced axially extending slits, said lanced strips being reformed to the contour of the inside diameter of the inner conduit and being in juxtaposed relationship therewith to establish a continuous double wall thickness resistance to corrosion, bridge sections in said inner conduit structurally supporting each of said lanced strips adjacent the ends of said slits, said strips yielding inwardly of said bridge sections out of juxtaposed relationship with said inner conduit upon a predetermined buildup of gas pressure between the conduits to allow venting of the built-up gas pressure from between the conduits inwardly of said inner conduit thereby to prevent pressure collapse of said inner conduit.

2. A double wall exhaust pipe comprising: an inner conduit, an outer conduit sur rrounding said inner conduit having the inside diameter tightly disposed in juxtaposed relationship with the outside diameter of said inner conduit continuously circumferentially therearound to form a double thickness wall along the entire axial length of the exhaust pipe, means forming a plurality of pressure release strips at spaced apart points along the length of said inner conduit, each of said strips on said inner conduit being located in juxtaposed relationship with said outer conduit to form part of the double wall thickness, said strips being yieldable from their juxtaposed position upon a predetermined buildup of gas pressure between said inner and outer conduits, and means for securing each end of said strips to said inner conduit to control inwardly yielding movement of the strips to allow pressure venting of the entrapped gas and retention of the continuous double wall corrosion barrier.

Claims (2)

1. A double wall exhaust pipe comprising: an inner conduit, an outer conduit surrounding said inner conduit having its inside diameter tightly disposed in juxtaposed relationship with the outside diameter of said inner conduit, a plurality of lanced strips on said inner conduit, each of said lanced strips including a pair of parallel circumferentially spaced axially extending slits, said lanced strips being reformed to the contour of the inside diameter of the inner conduit and being in juxtaposed relationship therewith to establish a continuous double wall thickness resistance to corrosion, bridge sections in said inner conduit structurally supporting each of said lanced strips adjacent the ends of said slits, said strips yielding inwardly of said bridge sections out of juxtaposed relationship with said inner conduit upon a predetermined buildup of gas pressure between the conduits to allow venting of the built-up gas pressure from between the conduits inwardly of said inner conduit thereby to prevent pressure collapse of said inner conduit.
2. A double wall exhaust pipe comprising: an inner conduit, an outer conduit surrrounding said inner conduit having the inside diameter tightly disposed in juxtaposed relationship with the outside diameter of said inner conduit continuously circumferentially therearound to form a double thickness wall along the entire axial length of the exhaust pipe, means forming a plurality of pressure release strips at spaced apart points along the length of said inner conduit, each of said strips on said inner conduit being located in juxtaposed relationship with said outer conduit to form part of the double wall thickness, said strips being yieldable from their juxtaposed position upon a predetermined buildup of gas pressure between said inner and outer conduits, and means for securing each end of said strips to said inner conduit to control inwardly yielding movement of the strips to allow pressure venting of the entrapped gas and retention of the continuous double wall corrosion barrier.
US30942172 1972-11-24 1972-11-24 Double wall exhaust pipe Expired - Lifetime US3835892A (en)

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US30942172 US3835892A (en) 1972-11-24 1972-11-24 Double wall exhaust pipe
GB5297473A GB1431973A (en) 1972-11-24 1973-11-15 Double wall exhaust pipes

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2435366A1 (en) * 1978-09-05 1980-04-04 Porsche Ag Support tube for constituting a motor block for a motor vehicle
EP0063719A1 (en) * 1981-04-15 1982-11-03 Tullio Campagnolo Tube structure for bicycle and motorcycle frames
US7007720B1 (en) 2000-04-04 2006-03-07 Lacks Industries, Inc. Exhaust tip
US20080196409A1 (en) * 2007-02-20 2008-08-21 Michael Goebelbecker Parallel-Sequential Turbocharging for Improved Exhaust Temperature Control
US20140110009A1 (en) * 2012-10-23 2014-04-24 Neill A. Quinlan Vehicle exhaust tip assembly

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2386747A (en) * 1944-01-27 1945-10-16 Griscom Russell Co Bimetal tube
US2808896A (en) * 1953-02-02 1957-10-08 Wilman Sigismond Exhaust mufflers for internal combustion engines
US2941544A (en) * 1955-09-27 1960-06-21 Renault Fluid control devices and elastic pressure-responsive valves
US3382948A (en) * 1965-10-13 1968-05-14 Walker Mfg Co Mufflers with side branch tuning chambers
US3572379A (en) * 1969-02-19 1971-03-23 Timken Co Bearing vent construction and process of manufacturing the same

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2386747A (en) * 1944-01-27 1945-10-16 Griscom Russell Co Bimetal tube
US2808896A (en) * 1953-02-02 1957-10-08 Wilman Sigismond Exhaust mufflers for internal combustion engines
US2941544A (en) * 1955-09-27 1960-06-21 Renault Fluid control devices and elastic pressure-responsive valves
US3382948A (en) * 1965-10-13 1968-05-14 Walker Mfg Co Mufflers with side branch tuning chambers
US3572379A (en) * 1969-02-19 1971-03-23 Timken Co Bearing vent construction and process of manufacturing the same

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2435366A1 (en) * 1978-09-05 1980-04-04 Porsche Ag Support tube for constituting a motor block for a motor vehicle
US4273207A (en) * 1978-09-05 1981-06-16 Dr. Ing. H.C.F. Porsche Aktiengesellschaft Supporting pipe to constitute a drive unit for an automotive vehicle
EP0063719A1 (en) * 1981-04-15 1982-11-03 Tullio Campagnolo Tube structure for bicycle and motorcycle frames
US7007720B1 (en) 2000-04-04 2006-03-07 Lacks Industries, Inc. Exhaust tip
US20080196409A1 (en) * 2007-02-20 2008-08-21 Michael Goebelbecker Parallel-Sequential Turbocharging for Improved Exhaust Temperature Control
US7810328B2 (en) * 2007-02-20 2010-10-12 Ford Global Technologies, Llc Parallel-sequential turbocharging for improved exhaust temperature control
US20140110009A1 (en) * 2012-10-23 2014-04-24 Neill A. Quinlan Vehicle exhaust tip assembly
US9157556B2 (en) * 2012-10-23 2015-10-13 Fca Us Llc Vehicle exhaust tip assembly

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