US3818509A - Apparatus for preventing neck injury - Google Patents

Apparatus for preventing neck injury Download PDF

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Publication number
US3818509A
US3818509A US39123973A US3818509A US 3818509 A US3818509 A US 3818509A US 39123973 A US39123973 A US 39123973A US 3818509 A US3818509 A US 3818509A
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Prior art keywords
apparatus
strap
securing member
preventing neck
body harness
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Expired - Lifetime
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L Romo
J Andrish
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L Romo
J Andrish
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A42HEADWEAR
    • A42BHATS; HEAD COVERINGS
    • A42B3/00Helmets; Helmet covers ; Other protective head coverings
    • A42B3/04Parts, details or accessories of helmets
    • A42B3/0406Accessories for helmets
    • A42B3/0473Neck restraints
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S2/00Apparel
    • Y10S2/908Guard or protector having a hook-loop type fastener
    • Y10S2/909Head protector, e.g. helmet, goggles

Abstract

An elastic strap for preventing neck injuries used in combination with a head piece and a body harness has fastening members thereon for engagement to a securing member on the head piece and on the body harness to limit the forward movement of the head piece.

Description

United States Patent [191 Romo et al.

APPARATUS FOR PREVENTING NECK INJURY [76] Inventors: Leon E. Romo, Box 165 A Rt. 5,

Annapolis, Md. 21401; Jack T. Andrish, 120 E. 216 St., Euclid, Ohio 44123 [22] Filed: Aug. 24, 1973, [21 App]. No.: 391,239

[52] US. Cl. 2/3 R, 128/89 A [51] Int. Cl A42b l/08 [58] Field of Search 2/2, 3; 128/75, 89 A [56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,136,307 4/1915 Bourdon .f. 2/2

[111 3,818,509 1 June 25, 1974 3,671,974 6/1972 Sims 1. 2/3 R Primary Examiner-Alfred R. Guest Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Oldham & Oldham Co.

[ 57] ABSTRACT An elastic strap for preventing neck injuries used in combination with a head piece and a body harness has fastening members thereon for engagement to a securing member on the head piece and on the body harness to limit the forward movement of the head piece.

16 Claims, 4 Drawing Figures BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION The present invention relates to a device for preventing neck injury. More specifically, the present invention relates to an elastic strap for preventing neck injury during the employment of a head piece and a body harness.

In contact sports such as football, a great deal of protection equipment for the player is highly desirable. Nevertheless, even then, the player is often still subject or susceptible to various injuries. For example, football players with more and more regularity are literally using their heads to block and tackle opponents since the modern day helmets readily absorb shock. However, such contact and collision cause the head to violently snap if the opponent is not hit directly head-on. One of the most potential serious injuries which can occur is the flexion cervical sprain which occurs when Y the head is snapped forward. Due to the propensity for fracture-dislocation of the neck, this injury is life threatening and often is fatal.

Present protection equipment is not satisfactory. Heretofore, the best preventive measure was to have the individual use reverse neck rolls. However, the undue limitation of motion as well as inconvenience to the player makes this piece of equipment unsatisfactory.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION It is therefore, an object of the present invention to provide an apparatus for preventing neck injuries.

It is another object of the present invention to provide an apparatus for preventing neck injuries, as above, whichlimit the forward motion of an individuals head.

It is a further object of the present invention to provide an apparatus for preventing neck injuries, as above, in which an elastic strap is connected at one end to a body harness and the other end to a helmet.

In general, an apparatus for preventing neck injury during the employment of a head piece and a body harness device has an elastic strap with fastening members thereon. The head piece is provided with a securing member as is the body harness device and the strap engages these securing members and thereby limits the forward movement of the head piece as upon impact.

A preferred embodiment of the present invention is described in detail without attempting to discuss all of the various modifications in which the invention might be embodied, the invention being measured by the appended claims and not by the details of the specification.

DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a top plan view of an elastic strap according to the present invention.

FIG. 2 is a side elevation of the elastic strap showing a plurality of fastening members.

FIG. 3 is a schematic view showing the strap connected to a football helmet as well as to a piece of body protection equipment.

FIG. 4 is a side schematic view similar to FIG. 3 showing the employment of the strap.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT An apparatus for preventing neck injury according to the concepts of the present invention is generally indicated by the numeral 10. Basically, the concept relates to an elastic type device which is attached to the body and to the head of a person so that the forward movement of the head upon impact is limited. The device can, of course, be utilized in any situation wherein the human head is subjected to snapping forces and finds a preferred use in contact or collision sports, such as workouts on a trampoline and in football.

As shown, apparatus 10. is generally formed of an elastic strap 11 made according to conventional methods of conventional material such as cotton, nylon,

rayon or the like and contains elastic material such as rubber to impart elasticity.

Fastening members, generally indicated by the numeral 12, usually reside in the end portions 13 of strap 11 and may be adhesive material or a mechanical item. Desirably, fastening members 12 are mechanical fasteners such as button clips 14. As best seen in FIG. 2, the button clips may be either male or female and preferably exist in a plurality in order to permit the use of the strap in a variety of situations. In the embodiment disclosed, the elastic strap measures l /2 inches by 9 A inches and the button fasteners which are of the A inch eyelet type are placed about 1 A inches, 1 inches, 4 inches and l A inches apart to permit employment in a variety of situations. Other locations, number of button clips as well as type of fasteners can, of course, be utilized in the present invention, as, e.g., Velcro fasteners, (T.M. of American Velcro, Inc.)

Turning to FIGS. 3 and 4, elastic strap 11 can be used in association with a head piece generally indicated by the numeral 21 and a body harness generally indicated by the numeral 31. Generally, the head piece may simply be a belt of elastic material around the head. More elaborate structures include a helmet 22 of the type used in football. Preferably, the helmet as shown in FIG. 4, has at least a securing member, generally indicated by the numeral 23, such as a small button clip for engagement with one of the strap button clips. Such securing member may be located about 2 /2 inches above the back lip 24 of the helmet. Moreover, the helmet may have a plurality of securing members and may be of any conventional type as may be the fastening members 12 of the strap. Body harness 31 may simply be a belt wrapped around the chest of an individual, preferably below the arms, a packing harness or the like. In the preferred embodiment of the present invention, it is a conventional football shoulder pad assembly, generally indicated by the numeral 35. The shoulder pads have back protection vests 36 to protect the upper portion of an individuals back and are secured together as by strings 37 to maintain the shoulder pads in proper position. As with the helmet, any securing member, generally indicated by the numeral 38, may be used such as button clips which are attached to the central portion of the back of the shoulder pads. Also, a plurality of such securement clips may be utilized. In actual use, once the shoulder pads and helmet have been assembled, strap 11 is attached to securing members 23 and 38 of the helmet and shoulder pads through fastening members 12 with the head located in a normal upright position as shown in FIG. 4. Because the strap runs from the back of the individuals head to the upper portion of the midback, normal side to side movement of the head as well as turning of the head is still quite freely permitted. Due to the plurality of fastening members on the strap, a single strap can fit a number of individuals as well as helmets and shoulders pads which have varying locations of securing members 23 and 38. Since the strap is elastic, slight forward and downward movement of the head is permitted against the elasticity of the strap. Great forward movement normally caused during rough contact or a collision which would normally cause a flexion cervical sprain is prevented since elongation of the strap is short, approximately 40 75 percent. Moreover, the shock upon impact is absorbed by the strap which retards free forward movement of the head as well as reducing the speed of such head movement. Should an individual s head reach the elongation extent of the elastic strap, the remaining forward motion energy of the head will be absorbed by the helmet instead of being transferred to the highly susceptible neck.

Elastic straps made according to the concept of the present invention according to the physical embodiment set forthabove have been tested in seventeen football practice sessions by 22 players to establish its feasibility. A breakdown of the players positions revealed that nine were defensive linemen, five were defensive backs, four were offensive linemen and the remaining four were offensive backs. The straps were snapped into place onto the helmets and should pads with the players head in an upright position and were worn during all practice sessions. Eight of the 22 involved players had a previous history of neck sprains and burners or pulled muscles. During the entire testing period, not one neck sprain, burner or other neck ailment, was reported. Moreover, the elastic straps were well accepted by both players and the coaches and interfered very little with normal movement of the head.

Although only a single strap need be used, a plurality of straps may be attached to the back of the headpiece 21 and the body harness 31.

Moreover, according to another embodiment of the invention, not shown, straps 11 may be mounted on each side of a persons head either alone or in combination with a back strap to prevent neck injuries caused by lateral movement. Accordingly, the headpiece such as a football helmet and the body harness such as a pair of shoulder pads may contain side or laterally located securing members to permit the installation of lateral straps so as to prevent burners and the like when a persons head is snapped or jerked sideways. The strap may have a plurality of fastening members and the headpiece and the body harness may have a plurality of securing members as set forth above.

As apparent to one skilled in the art, modifications to the preferred embodiment can be made without departing from the spirit of the invention herein disclosed and claimed, the scope of the invention being limited solely by the scope of the attached claims.

What is claimed is:

1. An apparatus for preventing neck injury in combination with a head piece and a body harness, the improvement comprising,

an elastic strap having a short elongation,

a securing member on the head piece,

a securing member on the body harness, and

said strap having at least two fastening members for engaging said securing members to limit the forward movement of the head piece to a relatively short distance.

2. An apparatus for preventing neck injury, as in claim 1, wherein a plurality of fastening members are located at each end of said elastic strap.

3. An apparatus for preventing neck injury, as in claim 1, wherein said head piece and said body harness has a plurality of securing members.

4. An apparatus for preventing neck injury. as in claim 1, wherein said head piece is a helmet and said body harness is a shoulder pad assembly.

5. An apparatus for preventing neck injury, as in claim 4, wherein said helmet securing member and said shoulder pad securing member are button clips.

6. An apparatus for preventing neck injury, as in claim 5, wherein said elastic strap fastening members are button clipsv 7. An apparatus for preventing neck injury, as in claim 5, wherein said helmet button clip is located on the back of said helmet.

8. An apparatus for preventing neck injury as in claim 5, wherein said shoulder pad button clip is located on the back of said pads.

9. An elastic strap for preventing neck injuries in combination with a head piece and a body harness, comprising,

a plurality of fastening members at each end of the elastic strap said elastic strap having a short elongation,

a securing member located on the body harness and on the head piece,

said plurality of fastening members so arranged such that said elastic strap can engage said body harness securing member at one end and said head piece securing member at the other end so that upon forward movement of said head piece, said strap is elongated and thereby limits the forward movement of said head piece.

10. An elastic strap for preventing neck injuries as in claim 9, wherein said elongation of said strap ranges from about 40 percent to about percent.

11. An apparatus for preventing neck injury in com bination with a headpiece and a body harness, the improvement comprising,

at least one elastic strap having a short elongation,

a securing member located on the side of the headpiece,

a securing member located on the side of the body harness, and said strap having at least two fastening members for engaging said securing member to limit lateral movement of the headpiece to a relatively short distance.

12. An apparatus for preventing neck injury, as in claim 11, wherein a plurality of fastening members are located at each end of said elastic strap and said headpiece and said body harness have a plurality of securing members.

l3. An apparatus for preventing neck injury, as in claim 11, wherein a securing member is located on the back of the headpiece and a securing member is located on the back of the body harness and a strap engages said back securing members.

14. An apparatus for preventing neck injury, as in claim 11, wherein said headpiece is a helmet and said body harness is a shoulder pad assembly.

cated on the back of said helmet and on the back of said shoulder pads, and at least one strap having fastening members at each end thereof engages said securing members to limit forward movement of said helmet.

Claims (16)

1. An apparatus for preventing neck injury in combination with a head piece and a body harness, the improvement comprising, an elastic strap having a short elongation, a securing member on the head piece, a securing member on the body harness, and said strap having at least two fastening members for engaging said securing members to limit the forward movement of the head piece to a relatively short distance.
2. An apparatus for preventing neck injury, as in claim 1, wherein a plurality of fastening members are located at each end of said elastic strap.
3. An apparatus for preventing neck injury, as in claim 1, wherein said head piece and said body harness has a plurality of securing members.
4. An apparatus for preventing neck injury, as in claim 1, wherein said head piece is a helmet and said body harness is a shoulder pad assembly.
5. An apparatus for preventing neck injury, as in claim 4, wherein said helmet securing member and said shoulder pad securing member are button clips.
6. An apparatus for preventing neck injury, as in claim 5, wherein said elastic strap fastening members are button clips.
7. An apparatus for preventing neck injury, as in claim 5, wherein said helmet button clip is located on the back of said helmet.
8. An apparatus for preventing neck injury as in claim 5, wherein said shoulder pad button clip is located on the back of said pads.
9. An elastic strap for preventing neck injuries in combination with a head piece and a body harness, comprising, a plurality of fastening members at each end of the elastic strap said elastic strap having a short elongation, a securing member located on the body harness and on the head piece, said plurality of fastening members so arranged such that said elastic strap can engage said body harness securing member at one end and said head piece securing member at the other end so that upon forward movement of said head piece, said strap is elongated and thereby limits the forward movement of said head piece.
10. An elastic strap for preventing neck injuries as in claim 9, wherein said elongation of said strap ranges from about 40 percent to about 75 percent.
11. An apparatus for preventing neck injury in combination with a headpiece and a body harness, the improvement comprising, at least one elastic strap having a short elongation, a securing member located on the side of the headpiece, a securing member located on the side of the body harness, and said strap having at least two fastening members for engaging said securing member to limit lateral movement of the headpiece to a relatively short distance.
12. An apparatus for preventing neck injury, as in claim 11, wherein a plurality of fastening members are located at each end of said elastic strap and said headpiece and said body harness have a plurality of securing members.
13. An apparatus for preventing neck injury, as in claim 11, wherein a securing member is located on the back of the headpiece and a securing member is located on the back of the body harness and a strap engages said back securing members.
14. An apparatus for preventing neck injury, as in claim 11, wherein said headpiece is a helmet and said body harness is a shoulder pad assembly.
15. An apparatus for preventing neck injury, as in claim 14, wherein at least one strap is located on each side of said helmet.
16. An apparatus for preventing neck injury, as in claim 15, wherein at least one securing member is located on the back of said helmet and on the back of said shoulder pads, and at least one strap having fastening members at each end thereof engages said securing members to limit forward movement of said helmet.
US39123973 1973-08-24 1973-08-24 Apparatus for preventing neck injury Expired - Lifetime US3818509A (en)

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Cited By (48)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3873996A (en) * 1974-07-05 1975-04-01 Levon Antoine Varteressian Articulated head and neck protector apparatus
US3900896A (en) * 1974-11-25 1975-08-26 Eugene J Ackerman Neck brace for athletes
US3925822A (en) * 1974-06-18 1975-12-16 John H Sawyer Safety harness for a helmet
US3978525A (en) * 1974-01-05 1976-09-07 Bothwell P W Head and chest protectors for example for motor cyclists
US4161946A (en) * 1976-12-20 1979-07-24 Zuesse Lance E Support for maintaining head in upright position
US4638510A (en) * 1985-11-29 1987-01-27 Hubbard Robert P Neck protection device with occupant of a high performance vehicle
US4886052A (en) * 1987-07-08 1989-12-12 Charles Greiner And Company, Inc. Emergency medical cervical collar
US5054475A (en) * 1987-11-17 1991-10-08 Charles Greiner And Company, Inc. Emergency medical collar, collar/stabilizer, collar/stabilizer/head immobilizer
US5123408A (en) * 1991-09-18 1992-06-23 Gaines Leonard F Sports helmet braced for protection of the cervical spine
WO1993013684A1 (en) * 1992-01-08 1993-07-22 Rudolph Cartwright Head impact force diversion system
US5272770A (en) * 1992-11-16 1993-12-28 Allen Richard K Head restraining system
US5353437A (en) * 1993-05-24 1994-10-11 Protec Field Gear, Inc. Combination helmet and body protection device
US5437613A (en) * 1993-08-23 1995-08-01 Reggio; David Neck brace
US5493736A (en) * 1995-02-24 1996-02-27 Allison; Norman E. Sports helmet protective device
US5517699A (en) * 1993-09-14 1996-05-21 Abraham, Ii; George E. Devices for preventing cervical spine injuries in contact sports
US6363540B1 (en) 2001-08-30 2002-04-02 Robert E. Myers Drivers' safety restraint
US6385781B1 (en) 1999-03-23 2002-05-14 Carl Martin Rose Adaptive, energy absorbing shoulder pad mounted head cage
US6481026B1 (en) * 2002-01-03 2002-11-19 Mcintosh Thomas John Athlete's neck and spine safety brace
US20040064874A1 (en) * 2002-07-16 2004-04-08 Weaver Steven D. Training device for football
US20040194194A1 (en) * 2003-04-04 2004-10-07 Mcneil Jay D. Helmet providing cervical spine protection
US6810535B1 (en) 2002-06-19 2004-11-02 Speed Solutions, Inc. Helmet restraint system
US6874170B1 (en) * 2003-11-10 2005-04-05 Todd D. Aaron Head and neck protection system
US20050166303A1 (en) * 2003-11-10 2005-08-04 Aaron Todd D. Head and neck protection system
US20070157371A1 (en) * 2005-11-23 2007-07-12 Nagely Scott W Protective helmet
US20070186329A1 (en) * 2001-08-17 2007-08-16 Bhc Engineering, Lp Head stabilizing system
US20090064396A1 (en) * 2007-04-11 2009-03-12 Jamshid Ghajar Apparatus for reducing brain and cervical spine injury due to rotational movement
US20090158509A1 (en) * 2006-04-12 2009-06-25 Jamshid Ghajar Apparatus for Reducing Brain and Cervical Spine Injury Due to Rotational Movement
US20100088809A1 (en) * 2003-11-26 2010-04-15 Xceed Holdings (Pty) Limited Neck brace
US20110035865A1 (en) * 2009-08-14 2011-02-17 Mike Olivarez Posture Aid For Contact Sports
US20110060260A1 (en) * 2009-09-10 2011-03-10 Drexel University Cervical spine protection apparatus and methods of use
US7941873B2 (en) 2005-11-23 2011-05-17 Scott W. Nagely Protective helmet with cervical spine protection and additional brain protection
US8272074B1 (en) * 2003-12-03 2012-09-25 Simpson Performance Products, Inc. Head restraint device having a support member with back and shoulder portions
US20120278977A1 (en) * 2011-05-03 2012-11-08 Rocklin Michael F Helmet Retention System
US8566967B2 (en) 2011-05-19 2013-10-29 Warrior Sports, Inc. Helmet with neck roll
US8621672B2 (en) 2011-05-06 2014-01-07 John CHUBACK Head and neck protection apparatus
US8739599B2 (en) 2010-03-02 2014-06-03 Bio-Applications, LLC Intra-extra oral shock-sensing and indicating systems and other shock-sensing and indicating systems
US8834394B2 (en) 2009-02-06 2014-09-16 Jamshid Ghajar Apparatus and methods for reducing brain and cervical spine injury
US8918918B2 (en) 2012-08-22 2014-12-30 Kevin J. Jackson Apparatus for preventing neck injury, spinal cord injury and concussion
US20150128332A1 (en) * 2013-11-11 2015-05-14 Sport Concussion Reduction Systems LLC Concussion reduction systems and devices and methods to use the same
US20150157080A1 (en) * 2013-12-11 2015-06-11 Board Of Trustees Of The Leland Stanford Junior University Device to reduce head injury risk
WO2016077503A1 (en) * 2014-11-11 2016-05-19 The Uab Research Foundation, Inc. Protective helmets having energy absorbing tethers
US9351529B1 (en) 2001-04-19 2016-05-31 Simpson Performance Products, Inc. Multi-point tethering system for head and neck restraint devices
US9462841B1 (en) 2016-03-01 2016-10-11 William Popejoy Protective headgear and shoulder pad apparatus and methods
US20160338440A1 (en) * 2015-05-21 2016-11-24 William Popejoy Protective Headgear Apparatus and Methods
US20160366967A1 (en) * 2013-11-11 2016-12-22 Crimson Clover Sports Innovations Llc Whiplash reduction systems and devices and methods to use the same
US9586125B2 (en) 2012-10-30 2017-03-07 Mioflex, Llc Head and neck protection apparatus and methods
US9603404B2 (en) 2013-03-21 2017-03-28 Tim M. Pocatko Helmet system and safety device for use with a helmet
US10039337B2 (en) 2012-11-27 2018-08-07 Necksgen, Inc. Head and neck restraining system

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US1136307A (en) * 1914-02-18 1915-04-20 Elie Bourdon Protective device for ball-players.
US3671974A (en) * 1970-09-04 1972-06-27 Don D Sims Football training harness

Cited By (67)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3978525A (en) * 1974-01-05 1976-09-07 Bothwell P W Head and chest protectors for example for motor cyclists
US3925822A (en) * 1974-06-18 1975-12-16 John H Sawyer Safety harness for a helmet
US3873996A (en) * 1974-07-05 1975-04-01 Levon Antoine Varteressian Articulated head and neck protector apparatus
US3900896A (en) * 1974-11-25 1975-08-26 Eugene J Ackerman Neck brace for athletes
US4161946A (en) * 1976-12-20 1979-07-24 Zuesse Lance E Support for maintaining head in upright position
US4638510A (en) * 1985-11-29 1987-01-27 Hubbard Robert P Neck protection device with occupant of a high performance vehicle
US4886052A (en) * 1987-07-08 1989-12-12 Charles Greiner And Company, Inc. Emergency medical cervical collar
US5054475A (en) * 1987-11-17 1991-10-08 Charles Greiner And Company, Inc. Emergency medical collar, collar/stabilizer, collar/stabilizer/head immobilizer
US5123408A (en) * 1991-09-18 1992-06-23 Gaines Leonard F Sports helmet braced for protection of the cervical spine
US5581820A (en) * 1992-01-08 1996-12-10 Cartwright; Rudolph Head impact force diversion system with transfer arm
US5261125A (en) * 1992-01-08 1993-11-16 Rudolph Cartwright Head impact force diversion system
WO1993013684A1 (en) * 1992-01-08 1993-07-22 Rudolph Cartwright Head impact force diversion system
GB2277434B (en) * 1992-01-08 1996-01-10 Rudolf Cartwright Head impact force diversion system
GB2277434A (en) * 1992-01-08 1994-11-02 Rudolf Cartwright Head impact force diversion system
US5272770A (en) * 1992-11-16 1993-12-28 Allen Richard K Head restraining system
US5353437A (en) * 1993-05-24 1994-10-11 Protec Field Gear, Inc. Combination helmet and body protection device
US5437613A (en) * 1993-08-23 1995-08-01 Reggio; David Neck brace
US5517699A (en) * 1993-09-14 1996-05-21 Abraham, Ii; George E. Devices for preventing cervical spine injuries in contact sports
US5493736A (en) * 1995-02-24 1996-02-27 Allison; Norman E. Sports helmet protective device
US6385781B1 (en) 1999-03-23 2002-05-14 Carl Martin Rose Adaptive, energy absorbing shoulder pad mounted head cage
US9351529B1 (en) 2001-04-19 2016-05-31 Simpson Performance Products, Inc. Multi-point tethering system for head and neck restraint devices
US20070186329A1 (en) * 2001-08-17 2007-08-16 Bhc Engineering, Lp Head stabilizing system
US6363540B1 (en) 2001-08-30 2002-04-02 Robert E. Myers Drivers' safety restraint
US6481026B1 (en) * 2002-01-03 2002-11-19 Mcintosh Thomas John Athlete's neck and spine safety brace
US6810535B1 (en) 2002-06-19 2004-11-02 Speed Solutions, Inc. Helmet restraint system
US20040064874A1 (en) * 2002-07-16 2004-04-08 Weaver Steven D. Training device for football
US6971123B2 (en) * 2002-07-16 2005-12-06 Weaver Steven D Training device for football
US20040194194A1 (en) * 2003-04-04 2004-10-07 Mcneil Jay D. Helmet providing cervical spine protection
US6968576B2 (en) 2003-04-04 2005-11-29 Mcneil Jay D Helmet providing cervical spine protection
US6874170B1 (en) * 2003-11-10 2005-04-05 Todd D. Aaron Head and neck protection system
US20050166303A1 (en) * 2003-11-10 2005-08-04 Aaron Todd D. Head and neck protection system
US8484768B2 (en) * 2003-11-26 2013-07-16 Xceed Holdings Cc Neck brace
US20100088809A1 (en) * 2003-11-26 2010-04-15 Xceed Holdings (Pty) Limited Neck brace
US8272074B1 (en) * 2003-12-03 2012-09-25 Simpson Performance Products, Inc. Head restraint device having a support member with back and shoulder portions
US7430767B2 (en) 2005-11-23 2008-10-07 Nagely Scott W Protective helmet with motion restrictor
US20070157371A1 (en) * 2005-11-23 2007-07-12 Nagely Scott W Protective helmet
US7941873B2 (en) 2005-11-23 2011-05-17 Scott W. Nagely Protective helmet with cervical spine protection and additional brain protection
US7849525B2 (en) 2006-04-12 2010-12-14 Jamshid Ghajar Apparatus for reducing brain and cervical spine injury due to rotational movement
US20090158509A1 (en) * 2006-04-12 2009-06-25 Jamshid Ghajar Apparatus for Reducing Brain and Cervical Spine Injury Due to Rotational Movement
US20090064396A1 (en) * 2007-04-11 2009-03-12 Jamshid Ghajar Apparatus for reducing brain and cervical spine injury due to rotational movement
US8834394B2 (en) 2009-02-06 2014-09-16 Jamshid Ghajar Apparatus and methods for reducing brain and cervical spine injury
US20110035865A1 (en) * 2009-08-14 2011-02-17 Mike Olivarez Posture Aid For Contact Sports
US8201277B2 (en) 2009-08-14 2012-06-19 Mike Olivarez Posture aid for contact sports
US20110060260A1 (en) * 2009-09-10 2011-03-10 Drexel University Cervical spine protection apparatus and methods of use
US8341770B2 (en) * 2009-09-10 2013-01-01 Drexel University Cervical spine protection apparatus and methods of use
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US9492306B2 (en) 2009-09-10 2016-11-15 Drexel University Cervical spine protection apparatus and methods of use
US8990962B2 (en) 2009-09-10 2015-03-31 Drexel University Cervical spine protection apparatus and methods of use
US8683612B2 (en) 2009-09-10 2014-04-01 Drexel University Cervical spine protection apparatus and methods of use
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US9462841B1 (en) 2016-03-01 2016-10-11 William Popejoy Protective headgear and shoulder pad apparatus and methods
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