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Burial device and method for using same

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Publication number
US3810282A
US3810282A US24447772A US3810282A US 3810282 A US3810282 A US 3810282A US 24447772 A US24447772 A US 24447772A US 3810282 A US3810282 A US 3810282A
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Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
container
casket
insert
burial
reusable
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Inventor
C Doggett
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HAWKEYE MACHINERY CORP
Original Assignee
HAWKEYE MACHINERY CORP
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT OR ACCOMODATION FOR PATIENTS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G17/00Coffins; Funeral wrappings; Funeral urns
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT OR ACCOMODATION FOR PATIENTS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G17/00Coffins; Funeral wrappings; Funeral urns
    • A61G17/004Coffins; Funeral wrappings; Funeral urns specially adapted to be cremated
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT OR ACCOMODATION FOR PATIENTS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G17/00Coffins; Funeral wrappings; Funeral urns
    • A61G17/04Fittings for coffins
    • A61G17/048Adaptations or accessories specially adapted for decomposing gas
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT OR ACCOMODATION FOR PATIENTS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G17/00Coffins; Funeral wrappings; Funeral urns
    • A61G17/007Coffins; Funeral wrappings; Funeral urns characterised by the construction material used, e.g. biodegradable material; Use of several materials
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT OR ACCOMODATION FOR PATIENTS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G17/00Coffins; Funeral wrappings; Funeral urns
    • A61G17/02Coffin closures; Packings therefor

Abstract

The present invention comprises a reusable casket having an open top, and a removable insert sized to slidably fit within the reusable casket and adapted to be slidably removed from the top of the reusable casket. The insert has a detached lid which is sized to fit in covering relationship over the top of the insert after the insert has been removed from the casket. The lid of the insert includes vent holes therein, at one end, and the insert includes an exhaust hole at the other end thereof for permitting ventilation of the insert when it is placed within a mausoleum crypt.

Description

United States Patent 1191 Doggett May 14, 1974 [54] BURIAL DEVICE AND METHOD FOR l,821,760 9/1931 Leitch 27/35 USING SAME 2,665,471 H1954 Gould 2,516,488 7/1950 Smith 27/1 1 Charles F. Doggett, Des Moines, Iowa Assignee: Hawkeye Machinery Corporation,

Waukee, Iowa Filed: Apr. 17, 1972 Appl. No.: 244,477

Inventor:

US. Cl 27/35, 27/19, 52/131 Int. Cl. .1 A6lg 17/00 Field of Search 27/3, 6, 7, 35, 2, l9,

27/ll, 4, 5;52/l31,128,129

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS Primary Examiner-Richard A. Gaudet Assistant Examiner-G. F. Dunne Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Zarley, McKee & Thomte 57 ABSTRACT The present invention comprises a reusable casket having an open top, and a removable insert sized to slidably fit within the reusable casket and adapted to be slidably removed from the top of the reusable casket. The insert has a detached lid which is sized to fit in covering relationship over the top of the insert after the insert has been removed from the casket. The lid of the insert includes vent holes therein, at one end, and the insert includes an exhaust hole at the other end thereof for permitting ventilation of the insert when it is placed within a mausoleum crypt.

3 Claims, 5 Drawing Figures 1 BURIAL DEVICE AND METHOD FOR USING SAME The present invention relates generally to burial devices and particularly to a burial device which utilizes a reusable casket and an insert which may be removed therefrom for burial in a crypt.

One of the major burial expenses is the expense of a decorative casket for the funeral services. Under present methods, the casket is purchased and used for the ceremony, and then is finally buried never to be seen again. The present invention contemplates improvement upon the present devices in that it permits any conventional ornamental casket to be used over and over again.

Another problem presently encountered with burial in mausoleums is the problem of odors which emanate from the various crypts. Various methods of ventilation have been tried, but heretofore they have been highly expensive or totally unsatisfactory. The present invention contemplates a simple method in ventilating the containers within the crypts so that odors will not be present in the hallways and areas leading to the crypts.

Therefore a primary object of the present invention is the provision of a decorative casket which is reusable.

A further object of the present invention is the provision of a reusable casket which includes a removable insert which can be removed from the casket and sealed for internment after the ceremony.

A further object of the present invention is the provision of a burial device which may be easily constructed and which is adaptable to either internment in a mausoleum or to underground burial.

A further object of the present invention is the provision of a burial device which includes means for permitting thorough ventilation of the container when the container is within a mausoleum crypt.

A further object of the present invention is the provision of a burial device which is economical to manufacture and easy to use.

This invention consists in the construction, arrangements and combination of the various parts of the device, whereby the objects contemplated are attained as hereinafter more fully set forth, specifically pointed out in the claims, and illustrated in the accompanying drawings in which:

FIG. 1 is an exploded perspective view of the burial device of the present invention.

FIG. 2 is a sectional view taken alone line 2 2 of FIG. 1.

FIG. 3 is a sectional view showing the burial container within a mausoleum crypt.

FIG. 4 is a perspective view of a modified form of the present invention.

FIG. 5 is a perspective view of a second modified form of the present invention.

Referring to FIG. 1, a burial device includes a reusable casket l2,' and a removable insert container 14. Reusable casket 12 includes a bottom wall 16 (FIG. 2), ahead wall 18, a foot wall 20, and two side walls 22, 24. Hinged along one of the upper edges of reusable casket 12 by means of piano hinges 26 F IG. 2) are two hinged doors 28, 30 which are of conventional construction and which are commonly used in caskets presently known.

Extending around the upper edges of walls 18, 20, 22, 24 is an upwardly presented shoulder 32. The interior of reusable casket 12 does not. include upholstery as in conventional caskets but instead is adapted to receive insert 14.

Insert 14 includes a bottom wall 34, a head wall 36, a foot wall 38, and two side walls 40, 42. Extending around the upper edges of walls 36, 38, 40 and 42 is an outwardly projecting annular lip 44. A vacuum hole 46 extends through the lower portion of side wall 42 adja cent head wall 36. Vacuum hole 46 is provided with a coupling 48 which is adapted to be connected to a vacuum hose 50. The interior of an insert container 14 is provided with upholstery 52 which is of the type presently found on the interior of conventional caskets.

For the funeral ceremonies insert 14 is slidably fitted within reusable casket 12 as shown in FIG. 2. Annular lip 44 rests on upwardly presented shoulder 32 so as to provide support for container 14 and so as to give the appearance that container 14 is an integral part of reusable casket 12. After the ceremony insert 14 may be lifted out of reusable casket 12, and reusable casket 12 may again be used for another container and another funeral ceremony. Container 14 is then fitted with a lid 54 which is sized to fit against the upper surface of annular lip 44. Lid 54 may then be permanently secured over the top of container 14 by means of mastic or other desirable adhesive. Lid 54 includes vent holes 56 which are adapted to be adjacent foot wall 38 of container 14. Since ventilation of container 14 is not necessary for underground burial, a cap 58 is provided which may be permanently secured over vent holes 56 in the event that the container 14 is used for underground burial. Cap 58 would not be used if container 14 is used for burial in a mausoleum.

Referring to FIG. 3, container 14 is shown enclosed within a mausoleum crypt 60. Crypt 60 includes a ventilation inlet 62 at one end thereof and a vacuum outlet 64 at the opposite end thereof. Outlet 64 is preferably positioned adjacent the.end of crypt 60 which is open for placing container 14 therein.

Vacuum hose 50 interconnects vacuum hole 46 of container 14 to vacuum outlet 64. Vacuum outlet 64 is connected to a vacuum source which is adapted to draw air out of crypt 60. Ventilation inlet 62 may either be of the gravity type, or it may be provided with a forced air system which forces air into crypt 60 through inlet 62. In operation the vacuum is applied to the interior of container 14 by means of vacuum hose 50 and vacuum outlet 64. The vacuum created within container 14 causes the fresh air from inlet 62 to be forced through vent holes 56 in lid 54 of container 14. The air thus enters through vent holes 56, passes from one end of container 14 to the other and exits through vacuum hole 46 of container 14. It will be noted that this method of ventilation prevents any gases or fumes from the interior of container 14 to enter into the crypt 60 in the space surrounding container 14. Thus the chances of odors being introduced into crypt 60 are minimized and consequently odors are not emitted to the hallway or room adjacent to crypt 60. Furthermore, the air system passes through the full length of container 14 so as to provide thorough ventilation therein.

The insert 14 may be constructed of any desirable material. For example it may be molded from fiberglas or plastic. It could also be made from a combustible material which would make it equally adapable for underground burial, mausoleum burial, or cremation.

Referring to FIG. 4, a modification of the present invention is shown utilizing an end door 66 for the removable of container 14 from the interior of reusable casket 12. FIG. 5 illustrates another modification wherein a hinged bottom wall 68 is provided in reuable casket 12 so as to permit the removal of insert 14 from the bottom of reusable casket 12. Wall 68 is provided with a plurality of latches 70 so as to permit wall 68 to be secured in its closed position when container 14 is within casket 12. Likewise, end wall 66 of FIG. 4 is provided with a similar latch 72.

From the foregoing it can be seen that casket 12 can be reused any number of times, thereby reducing the cost of funeral services. Only insert 14 is utilized permanently, and therefore the customer need only pay for insert 14 which would be considerably less expensive due to the fact that it is not necessary to provide insert 14 with decorative features. Furthermore, the container of the present invention may be easily ventilated in a mausoleum crypt so as to eliminate noxious 4, odors in the mausoleum. Thus it can be seen that the device accomplishes at least all of its stated objectives.

I claim:

1. A method for burial comprising inserting a removable rigid container having an open top and a lining on the interior thereof within a reusable decorative casket having an open top; supporting said container within said casket during burial ceremonies; removing said container from said casket after said ceremonies by lifting said container upwardly out of said open top of said casket; placing a lid over said top of said container; sealing said lid over said top of said container; and placing said container within a place of interment.

2. A method according to claim 1 comprising applying a vacuum to an opening at one end of said container so as to draw fresh air inwardly through a second opening in said container and to draw air and gases out of said container through said first mentioned opening.

3. A method according to claim 2 wherein said container is placed within a burial crypt.

Claims (3)

1. A method for burial comprising inserting a removable rigid container having an open top and a lining on the interior thereof within a reusable decorative casket having an open top; supporting said container within said casket during burial ceremonies; removing said container from said casket after said ceremonies by lifting said container upwardly out of said open top of said casket; placing a lid over said top of said container; sealing said lid over said top of said container; and placing said container within a place of interment.
2. A method according to claim 1 comprising applying a vacuum to an opening at one end of said container so as to draw fresh air inwardly through a second opening in said container and to draw air and gases out of said container through said first mentioned opening.
3. A method according to claim 2 wherein said container is placed within a burial crypt.
US3810282A 1972-04-17 1972-04-17 Burial device and method for using same Expired - Lifetime US3810282A (en)

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Cited By (23)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4139929A (en) * 1977-04-07 1979-02-20 Angermann Manfred E Structure for an integrated display and burial containment system
US4177543A (en) * 1978-06-26 1979-12-11 Angermann Manfred E Display casket
US4265006A (en) * 1980-01-24 1981-05-05 Citadel Management Services, Inc. Display and burial system
US4337556A (en) * 1980-10-30 1982-07-06 Batesville Casket Company, Inc. Burial casket assembly
US4788757A (en) * 1985-02-19 1988-12-06 William Bethune Casket assembly
WO1994003139A1 (en) * 1992-07-30 1994-02-17 Leijonhufvud Carl B G Burial coffin arrangement
GB2286583A (en) * 1994-02-18 1995-08-23 Mcdowall Wallace Ltd Re-usable coffin
GB2287695A (en) * 1994-03-17 1995-09-27 George Thomas Pearce Vacuum sealed coffin
US5481785A (en) * 1994-06-20 1996-01-09 Minton; Roy H. Reusable casket assembly
US6385824B1 (en) 1999-04-13 2002-05-14 Dale L. Schwartz Reusable casket assembly
US6684467B1 (en) * 2002-09-04 2004-02-03 Harold D. Walker Reusable coffin
US20050005410A1 (en) * 1999-07-19 2005-01-13 Batesville Services, Inc. Ready to assemble metal casket
US20050050701A1 (en) * 2003-07-23 2005-03-10 Davis Gerald H. Multipurpose funereal tray
US20050062435A1 (en) * 2003-07-02 2005-03-24 Koito Manufacturing Co., Ltd. Discharge lamp lighting circuit
WO2005041842A1 (en) * 2003-10-31 2005-05-12 Lopez Borderias Miguel Angel Environmentally-friendly funeral arrangement for cremations and burials
US7475458B1 (en) 2007-12-31 2009-01-13 Compassionate Funeral Systems, Inc. Display casket with interlocking feature to burial container
US20100218351A1 (en) * 2009-02-28 2010-09-02 Martha Elizabeth Rankin Casket Having Exchangeable Inner Shell And Associated Methods
US20120084952A1 (en) * 2010-10-06 2012-04-12 John Norman Hobstetter Transformation of a cremation container for display
US20130125357A1 (en) * 2011-11-18 2013-05-23 Batesville Services, Inc. Casket and display base
US8607423B2 (en) * 2011-12-22 2013-12-17 Vandor Corporation Casket insert roller system
US8914953B1 (en) * 2013-10-29 2014-12-23 Thacker Caskets Inc. Reusable casket
USD756062S1 (en) * 2015-04-15 2016-05-10 Rangel Fernandez Transparent casket
US9872809B1 (en) * 2016-07-01 2018-01-23 Vandor Corporation Reusable metal casket

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1821760A (en) * 1930-12-20 1931-09-01 David C Leitch Casket construction
US2289406A (en) * 1940-07-20 1942-07-14 Rudolph B Beranek Burial casket
US2516488A (en) * 1946-11-25 1950-07-25 Smith Minton Larkin Casket
US2665471A (en) * 1948-02-20 1954-01-12 Don U Gould Burial vault
US3411191A (en) * 1964-08-20 1968-11-19 Elgin Metal Casket Company Method for sealing openings in a casket
US3613189A (en) * 1970-03-19 1971-10-19 Donald R Kirby End ejecting coffin

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1821760A (en) * 1930-12-20 1931-09-01 David C Leitch Casket construction
US2289406A (en) * 1940-07-20 1942-07-14 Rudolph B Beranek Burial casket
US2516488A (en) * 1946-11-25 1950-07-25 Smith Minton Larkin Casket
US2665471A (en) * 1948-02-20 1954-01-12 Don U Gould Burial vault
US3411191A (en) * 1964-08-20 1968-11-19 Elgin Metal Casket Company Method for sealing openings in a casket
US3613189A (en) * 1970-03-19 1971-10-19 Donald R Kirby End ejecting coffin

Cited By (48)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4139929A (en) * 1977-04-07 1979-02-20 Angermann Manfred E Structure for an integrated display and burial containment system
US4177543A (en) * 1978-06-26 1979-12-11 Angermann Manfred E Display casket
US4265006A (en) * 1980-01-24 1981-05-05 Citadel Management Services, Inc. Display and burial system
US4337556A (en) * 1980-10-30 1982-07-06 Batesville Casket Company, Inc. Burial casket assembly
US4788757A (en) * 1985-02-19 1988-12-06 William Bethune Casket assembly
WO1994003139A1 (en) * 1992-07-30 1994-02-17 Leijonhufvud Carl B G Burial coffin arrangement
US5592723A (en) * 1992-07-30 1997-01-14 Carl Leijonhufvud Burial coffin arrangement
GB2286583A (en) * 1994-02-18 1995-08-23 Mcdowall Wallace Ltd Re-usable coffin
GB2286583B (en) * 1994-02-18 1998-02-11 Mcdowall Wallace Ltd Re-usable coffin
GB2287695B (en) * 1994-03-17 1998-02-18 George Thomas Pearce Vacuum sealed coffin
GB2287695A (en) * 1994-03-17 1995-09-27 George Thomas Pearce Vacuum sealed coffin
US5481785A (en) * 1994-06-20 1996-01-09 Minton; Roy H. Reusable casket assembly
US6385824B1 (en) 1999-04-13 2002-05-14 Dale L. Schwartz Reusable casket assembly
US20050005410A1 (en) * 1999-07-19 2005-01-13 Batesville Services, Inc. Ready to assemble metal casket
US6684467B1 (en) * 2002-09-04 2004-02-03 Harold D. Walker Reusable coffin
US20050062435A1 (en) * 2003-07-02 2005-03-24 Koito Manufacturing Co., Ltd. Discharge lamp lighting circuit
US7322079B2 (en) 2003-07-23 2008-01-29 Vandor Corporation Multipurpose funereal tray
US20050055813A1 (en) * 2003-07-23 2005-03-17 Davis Gerald H. Lightweight viewing casket
US20050060852A1 (en) * 2003-07-23 2005-03-24 Davis Gerald H. Rental casket with removable end panel
US20050050700A1 (en) * 2003-07-23 2005-03-10 Davis Gerald H. Mortise and tenon casket with shelf and bracket assembly
US20050060855A1 (en) * 2003-07-23 2005-03-24 Davis Gerald H. Mortise and tenon casket with pins
US20050066489A1 (en) * 2003-07-23 2005-03-31 Davis Gerald H. Lightweight viewing casket with handles
US7350278B2 (en) 2003-07-23 2008-04-01 Vandor Corporation Rental casket with removable end panel
US20050138782A1 (en) * 2003-07-23 2005-06-30 Davis Gerald H. Mortise and tenon casket
US20050050701A1 (en) * 2003-07-23 2005-03-10 Davis Gerald H. Multipurpose funereal tray
US7213311B2 (en) 2003-07-23 2007-05-08 Vandor Corporation Mortise and tenon casket
US7234211B2 (en) 2003-07-23 2007-06-26 Vandor Corporation Mortise and tenon casket with pins
US7249402B2 (en) 2003-07-23 2007-07-31 Vandor Corporation Mortise and tenon casket with shelf and bracket assembly
US7249403B2 (en) 2003-07-23 2007-07-31 Vandor Corporation Lightweight viewing casket with handles
US7263751B2 (en) 2003-07-23 2007-09-04 Vandor Corporation Lightweight viewing casket
US7204003B2 (en) 2003-07-23 2007-04-17 Vandor Corporation Burial bell and tray
WO2005041842A1 (en) * 2003-10-31 2005-05-12 Lopez Borderias Miguel Angel Environmentally-friendly funeral arrangement for cremations and burials
US7475458B1 (en) 2007-12-31 2009-01-13 Compassionate Funeral Systems, Inc. Display casket with interlocking feature to burial container
US8127414B2 (en) 2009-02-28 2012-03-06 Martha Elizabeth Rankin Casket having exchangeable inner shell and associated methods
US20100218351A1 (en) * 2009-02-28 2010-09-02 Martha Elizabeth Rankin Casket Having Exchangeable Inner Shell And Associated Methods
US20120084952A1 (en) * 2010-10-06 2012-04-12 John Norman Hobstetter Transformation of a cremation container for display
US8443497B2 (en) * 2010-10-06 2013-05-21 John Norman Hobstetter Transformation of a cremation container for display
US9345632B2 (en) 2011-11-18 2016-05-24 Batesville Services, Inc. Casket and display base
US20130125357A1 (en) * 2011-11-18 2013-05-23 Batesville Services, Inc. Casket and display base
US9060912B2 (en) * 2011-11-18 2015-06-23 Batesville Services, Inc. Casket and display base
US20140208552A1 (en) * 2011-11-18 2014-07-31 Batesville Services, Inc. Casket and display base
US8689411B2 (en) * 2011-11-18 2014-04-08 Batesville Services, Inc. Casket and display base
US8607423B2 (en) * 2011-12-22 2013-12-17 Vandor Corporation Casket insert roller system
US20150113776A1 (en) * 2013-10-29 2015-04-30 Thacker Caskets Inc. Reusable casket
US9138367B2 (en) * 2013-10-29 2015-09-22 Thacker Caskets Inc. Reusable casket
US8914953B1 (en) * 2013-10-29 2014-12-23 Thacker Caskets Inc. Reusable casket
USD756062S1 (en) * 2015-04-15 2016-05-10 Rangel Fernandez Transparent casket
US9872809B1 (en) * 2016-07-01 2018-01-23 Vandor Corporation Reusable metal casket

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