US3805800A - Ventilated filter tip cigarette - Google Patents

Ventilated filter tip cigarette Download PDF

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Publication number
US3805800A
US3805800A US00193124A US19312471A US3805800A US 3805800 A US3805800 A US 3805800A US 00193124 A US00193124 A US 00193124A US 19312471 A US19312471 A US 19312471A US 3805800 A US3805800 A US 3805800A
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filter
ventilated
remainder
wrapper
cigarette
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US00193124A
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T Summers
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Brown and Williamson Holdings Inc
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Brown and Williamson Holdings Inc
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Priority to US00193124A priority Critical patent/US3805800A/en
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Publication of US3805800A publication Critical patent/US3805800A/en
Priority claimed from DE19742456614 external-priority patent/DE2456614A1/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A24TOBACCO; CIGARS; CIGARETTES; SIMULATED SMOKING DEVICES; SMOKERS' REQUISITES
    • A24DCIGARS; CIGARETTES; TOBACCO SMOKE FILTERS; MOUTHPIECES FOR CIGARS OR CIGARETTES; MANUFACTURE OF TOBACCO SMOKE FILTERS OR MOUTHPIECES
    • A24D1/00Cigars; Cigarettes
    • A24D1/02Cigars; Cigarettes with special covers
    • A24D1/027Cigars; Cigarettes with special covers with ventilating means, e.g. perforations

Abstract

An improved ventilated filter cigarette utilizes uniformly porous plug wrap and tipping envelope to provide at least one uniformly porous ventilated region having a predetermined area about the filter. The area and porosity of the region or regions are correlated so as to provide a relationship which, when the limits thereof are observed, provides cigarettes with a more constant, reduced delivery of total particulate matter and gas phase constituents than heretofore obtained by ventilated filter tip cigarettes.

Description

United States Patent 1191 Summers 1 Apr. 23, 1974 [54] VENTILATED FILTER TIP CIGARETTE 3,62l,85l l l/l97l Heskett et al l3l/10.5 [75] lnventor: Thomas Wade Summers, Fern Creek Primary Examiner-Robert W. Michell Assistant Examiner-John F. Pitrelli Asslgneei Brown Tobacco Attorney, Agent, or FirmFinnegan, Henderson, Fara- Corporation, Louisville, Ky. bow & Garrett [22] Filed: Oct. 27, 1971 211 App]. No.: 193,124 [571 ABSTRACT An improved ventilated filter cigarette utilizes uni [52] US. Cl. 131/10 A, 131/11, 131 15 3, formly Porous P g p and pping envelope to pro- 51 rm. Cl. A24d 1/04, A24f 13/06 vide at least one uniformly Porous Ventilated region [58] Field of Search 13 1/10 A l l 15 B 103, having a predetermined area about the filter. The area 13 1H0 R 90 and porosity of the region or regions are correlated so as to provide a relationship which, when the limits [56] References Cited thereof are observed, provides cigarettes with a more UNITED STATES PATENTS constant, reduced delivery of total particulate matter and gas phase constituents than heretofore obtained Q by ventilated filter tip cigarettes. I

9 Claims, 7 Drawing Figures 1 VENTILATED FILTER TIP CIGARETTE FIELD OF THE INVENTION The present invention relates to a ventilated filter tip cigarette.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION In the manufacture of cigarettes with ventilation, it is necessary to provide the cigarette with some means by which a predetermined fraction of the air drawn into the cigarette during puffing by-passes the burning zone. Ventilated cigarettes have been accepted by the general public to a limited extent. Varied ventilation techniques have been employed over the past 50 years to provide a cooler, less harsh cigarette. More recently, it has been recognized that ventilated cigarettes are another means by which the deliveries of total particulate matter and gas phase constituents may be reduced.

Ventilation mechanisms may be placed into two major categories, air channeling and perforated wrap; combinations of the two are also often employed. Air channeling has frequently been embodied in cigarettes having corrugated mouthpieces. An example of this type of ventilation is found early in the literature in U.S. Pat. No. 1,718,122, which describes a cigarette having an internally corrugated mouthpiece circumscribing one end of the tobacco column. The outer diameter of the mouthpiece beinglarger than the diameter of the cigarette allowed air to move along the channels provided in the corrugations and enters the smokers mouth without first mixing with the smoke. A later US. Patent, No. 3,490,461, similarly describes a fluted wrap about a filter overwrapped with perforated tipping paper. Air enters through the perforations, but again does not mix with the smoke.

For economic reasons, the preferred means of ventilating cigarettes has heretofore been through perforated wrapping about some portion of the cigarette. Many publications and patents have described techniques of perforating paper about the tobacco column and/or filter.

The filter perforations usually are patterned in a circumferential line or band about the tipping paper, sometimes positioned over the junction between the tobacco column and filter. Air during puffing enters the perforations and moves into the filter through the junction. US. Pat. No. 3,410,274 describes this feature in detail.

A visible disadvantage of perforated cigarettes,however, was the issuance of smokethrough the perfora tions during non-puffing intervals. The most successful attempt to prevent smoke from escaping throughthe perforations was accomplished when plug wrap characterized by being uniformly and highly porous became commercially available. The perforated tipping paper was positioned over the uniformly porous plug wrap. The microscopic pores of the plug wrap significantly reduced visible signs of smoke escaping. Registry problems between the perforations in the tipping paper and perforations previously required in the plug wrap were also diminished.

US. Pat. Nos. 2,988,088 and 3,046,994 describe uniformly porous paper which has met with some commercial success in being employed as filter plug wrap. This paper is provided with uniform porosity through the paper making process. Air readily moves through the microscopic pores of the paper. In contrast, perforated paper is substantially non-porous except, of course, at the position of the macroscopic perforations. The terms uniformly porous and uniform porosity as used hereinafter are defined as meaning a substance which inherently has porosity distributed uniformly over its surface as distinguished from a substance given porosity by mechanical means. It follows that substances with uniform porosity are given this characteristic in the fabrication stage unlilke perforated materials.

A problem which heretofore has continually plagued manufacturers of ventilated cigarettes using perforated wrappers, included those using uniformly porous plug wrap, has been large variations in harshness and pressure drop between cigarettes of an identical brand and construction. Studies made on a number of present brands'have shown average variations in tar deliveries ranging from 14 to 30 percent. Other studies have also shown large variations in pressure drop. Much effort has been made to discover the source of the problem,

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The ventilated cigarette of the present invention has a filter plug wrapped with a uniformly porous wrap and overwrapped with uniformly porous tipping envelope. The tipping envelope and plug wrap are adhered together by an adhesive along preselected portions of their contiguous surfaces. The remaining contiguous surfaces are adhesive-free. The adhered regions,due to the impermeability of the adhesive, become substantially non-porous in contrast to the adhesive-free regions of the plug wrap and tipping envelope which maintain the uniform porosity. The areas of the adhesive-free regions, ventilation regions, and the total porosity therct'hrough are established to provide a ventilation index" of about 0.5 cm/sec to 20 cm/scc.

The ventilation index is defined as the volume of air entering the ventilation regions per second per (Federal Trade Commision) standard puff (hereinafter called the ventilation rate) divided by the total area of the ventilation regions.

As will be described in more detail below, the variations in total particulate matter yield and average pressuredrop are dramatically reduced by employing the teachings of thepresent invention.

Other objects and advantages of the present invention will be apparent after a reading of the description and appended drawings.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIGS. 1(a), 1(b) and 1(a) are schematics which illustrate various prior art ventilation techniques employing either perforations or skinned tipping paper for ventilation;

FIG. 2 is a perspective view of a ventilated filter tip cigarette constructed in accordance with the present invention; and

FIGS. 3(a), 3(b) and 3(0) are schematics illustrating variations of adhesive patterns which may be employed with ventilated filter tip cigarettes of the present invention.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS In FIG. 1(a), a cigarette is comprised ofa tobacco column 11 and filter 12, the dashed line indicating the junction 13 between column 11 and filter l2. Perforations 14 are arranged in a circumferential band in the tipping paper 15 about filter 12. The underlying plug wrap may either be porous or provided with perforations which are in registry with perforations 14. An example of the latter is found in UK. Pat. No. 938,902 assigned to the Imperial Tobacco Company. The coinciding perforations permit ventilation.

U.K. Pat. No. 989,479, also assigned to the Imperial Tobacco Company, describes a filter tipped cigarette in which the sleeve encircling the filter stub is made from highly permeable paper which is disposed beneath a perforated encircling band.

In FIG. 1(b) another prior art variation is illustrated in which the perforations 14 in tipping paper 15 are positioned over junction 13. No adhesive is applied below tipping 15 in this region, thereby permitting air to be drawn through perforations l4 and into filter 12 via underlying junction 13.

FIG. 1(c) illustrates still another variation in which the perforations are replaced by shaving or skinning the tipping paper above junction 13 rendering the tipping paper more porous in this region. The skinned region is indicated by the shaded area 16. U.K. Pat. No. 1,039,554 describes the prior art ventilation techniques illustrated in FIGS. 1(b) and 1(0) in detail.

The underlying problem with all the above prior techniques is the inability to provide uniform pressure drop and particulate matter yield from cigarette to cigarette. As is graphically depicted in the examples below, tar deliveries, for example, vary as much as 30 percent in relative standard deviation, for cigarettes of the prior art employing perforated tipping. In contrast, filter tipped cigarettes described in relation to FIGS. 2 and 3, formed in accordance with the present invention, have markedly improved variations in pressure drop and particulate matter yields. In other words, the average measured variations of pressure drop and particulate matter yield of filter tipped cigarettes made in accordance with the present invention are significantly smaller than those measured for prior art ventilated filter tipped cigarettes, and are, in fact, equivalent to normal non-ventilated filter tipped cigarettes.

The perspective view of FIG. 2 illustrates a filter tipped cigarette having a tobacco column 21 joined to a filter 22 at juncture 23. Filter 22 is enclosed by a uniformly porous plug wrap 26. Tipping envelope 24, also uniformly porous, is disposed about wrapped filter 22 and an appropriate distance over tobacco column 21. The adhesive attaching tipping envelope 24 to plug wrap 26, thereby attaching column 21 to filter 22, is applied to selected areas of the contiguous surfaces in such a manner as to provide a predetermined ventilation as described below.

In the discussion below the porosity of the various papers are given in terms of an air flow through [43.1 mm? of paper under a head of 1 inch water gauge. The measurement generally employed for the tipping papers of the prior art is a Greiner porosity index which is the number of seconds required for the passage of 50 cubic centimeters of air through a circular sample of paper one inch in diameter, with a pressure drop of approximately 4.5 inches of water. Such a Greiner measurement for the porous papers employed according to the present invention would be meaningless as the porosity is so high that all papers would have a Greiner porosity index below one. The value calculated as described, will be referred to as porosity.

To provide the proper combination of ventilated area (adhesive-free contiguous surfaces of tipping envelope and plug wrap) and total filter pressure drop, it is necessary to use material such as paper, for example, having a porosity of about 3 cc/sec to 40 cc/sec. By using material of the porosity above, accompanied by a ventilated region or regions'having-a total area of from about 0.5 cm to about 5.0 cm it has been found that reduced particulate matter deliveries may be obtained which, along with pressure drop, have small variations from cigarette to cigarette.

Further investigations have uncovered a critical relationship between the total area of the ventilation region or regions and total filter pressure drop which, when held between certain limits, provides the unique characteristic of small variations. This relationship, called the ventilation index, the volume of air entering the ventilated region per second per standard puff divided by the ventilated area, necessarily must have a range of 0.5 to 20 cm/sec, and preferably between 2.0 and 6.0 cm/sec.

The area of the ventilated regions have upper and lower limitations for practical reasons. When the area becomes too small, the beneficial effects of ventilation become undetectable, thus approaching the results obtained for non-ventilated filter tipped cigarettes. On the other hand, the tipping paper must be securely fastened to the filter and tobacco column. These lower and upper limits have been found to be about 0.5 cm and 5.0 cm respectively.

The combined or total porosity of the ventilated regions is also limited by practical considerations. Too great a porosity will not permit sufficient resistance upon puffing and it will be difficult, if not impossible, to smoke the cigarette. With too low a porosity, the results are similar to those obtained for small ventilated regions. Total or combined porosities of about 1 cc/sec to about 10 cc/sec have been found suitable.

Although the pattern of ventilated areas in the filter is not critical to the present invention, FIGS. 3(a), 3(b) and 3(0) depict various patterns of ventilated regions 30, 31, 32 formed by selectively applying the adhesive 33. FIGS. 3(a) and 3(b) respectively illustrate longitudinally and circumferentially disposed ventilated regions 30, 31. FIGS. 3(0) is a combination of the patterns of FIGS. 3(a) and 3(b), providing discrete ventilated regions in a checkerboard appearance. Although FIGS. 3(a), 3(b) and 3(a) visually show the adhered regions, it is understood that this is for purposes of illustration only and that to the eye there is no distinction between ventilated and non-ventilated areas unless otherwise desired. It should also be noted that a single ventilated region may be employed when the critical relationships described above are observed.

The mechanism by which the filter tipped cigarette of the present invention provides more constant performance between cigarettes is notcompletely understood. Although not to be construed as limiting, it is thought, however, that the small variations which result when utilizing the ventilated cigarettes of the present invention are due in part to the largearea of the ventilated regions. Local imperfections in the ventilated regions, being very small when compared to the areas of the regions, do not substantially affect the performance of the ventilated regions since the imperfections are statistically averaged out. In contrast, imperfections in a band of perforations in the tipping envelope more nearly approximate the area involved in ventilating and, consequently, have a much larger effect upon the total porosity of the tipping envelope.

In addition, as two layers of inherently porous paper are employed according to the present invention, the chances of averaging out imperfections is increased.

The following examples are representative of typical test data illustrating the differences between conventional ventilated filter tipped cigarettes and those made in accordance with the present invention.

Example 1 Four different brands of conventional filter tipped cigarettes having perforated tipping paper as a ventilation mechanism were tested in accordance with standard procedures delineated by the Federal Trade Commision. Twenty-four cigarettes in groups of six from each brand were consumed by passing 35 cc of air per puff through the column, each puff being of 2 seconds duration, at 1 minute intervals. The cigarettes were consumed to a 33 millimeter butt. Table 1 below depicts measurements of each brand.

TABLE 1 Brand Ventila' Average Average Average Average tion Tar .Tar Pressure Pressure Area (mg) RSD Drop (of Drop (mm (74.) ventilation RSD area) lin.]

A 2.5 l3.l 14 34.0 29 B 4.1 15.6 18 16.4 38 C l().8 1.2 30 3.6 27 D l.6 H12 l8 l5.3 33

With the exception of brand C (70 mm) all other brands were 85 mm cigarettes. For comparison with other examples below, it should be noted that the relative standard deviations (RSD) varied from 14 to 30 percent in average tar yield and 27 to 38 percent in average pressure drop of the ventilation area. The ventilation index of brands A, B, C and D were calculated to be 180 cm/sec, ll0 cm/sec, 160. cm/sec and 370 cm/sec, respectively. Example 2 Conventional techniques were employed to construct the ventilated filter tipped cigarettes of the present invention, except that the profile of the tipping glue roller was cut so as to leave bands of unglued regions having ventilation areas of 200 mm and 250 mm circumferentially about the filter tip. The porosities of the paper used as the plug wrap and tipping envelope were 8 cc/sec and 4 cc/sec, respectively. Such is commercially available. Using the same test procedures as employed in Example I, the results of Table 2 were obtained.

TABLE 2 Ventilation Average Average Average Average Area Tar Tar RSD Pressure Pressure (mm) (mg) Drop (of Drop ventilation RSD area) [in.] 200 l 1.3 8.4 9.6 17 250 9.5 6.7 8.1

The ventilation index was calculated to be 3.0 cm/sec and 3.2 cm/sec, respectively. It should be noted that both average tar RSD and average pressure drop RSD in Table 2 are substantially less than any values shown in Table 1, showing a much more consistent product. It should be noted that the average tar RSD above is equal to or less than the average tar RSD for nonventilated filter tip cigarettes, that value being about 9 percent. The ventilation index of each prior art brand, shown in Example 1, is an order of magnitude greater than those depicted in Table 2. Example 3 Reference is made to Table 3 in which comprisons are made of the yields of selected particulate material and gas phase constituents between a conventional non-ventilated filter tipped cigarette and those constructed in accordance with the present invention. Test procedures identical to those used in Example 1 were employed.

The tar, nicotine, and carbon monoxide yields of the control cigarettes were substantially higher than the porous tipped cigarettes of the present invention.

In summary, it may be seen that the porous filter tipped cigarettes provide a means through which reduced and consistent deliveries of total particulate mat ter and gas phase constituents are obtained, thus fulfilling the objective as set forth hereiinbefore.

The particular type of filter material employed is not a limiting factor since the porous tipping as described and claimed herein may be employed with cellulose acetate, activated carbon granules, and other materials equally well. Although the descriptive matter generally describes the filter as being unitary, this is also not to be construed as a limitation since multi-section filters function well in cooperation with porous tipping according to the present invention.

The term cigarette as used throughout the description and claims is meant to include not only cigarettes but any tobacco product smoked in the conventional sense such as, for example, a cigar or a cigarette with a filter tip attached thereto.

Having read and viewed the description and accompanying drawings, modifications, alterations, and variations will occur to those skilled in the art which do not depart from the scope of the invention as defined in the appended claims.

What is claimed is:

l. A ventilated filter tip cigarette comprising:

a. a tobacco column;

b. a filter enclosed by a porous air permeable wrapper characterized by substantially uniform porosc. an envelope characterized by substantially uniform porosity enclosing at least a portion of said enclosed filter, said envelope and wrapper being adhered together along at least one but not over the entire area of preselected regions of their contiguous surfaces, the remainder of said contiguous surfaces being adhesive-free, said envelope being air permeable to permit ambient air flow through the remainder area of said envelope and wrapper whereby said filter has a ventilation index of from about 0.5 to 20 cm/sec.

2. The filter of claim 1 wherein the total area of said remainder is from about 0.5 to 5.0 cm

3. The filter of claim 1 wherein the ventilation index is from about 2.0 to 6.0 cm/sec.

4. The filter tip cigarette of claim 1 in which said remainder consists of a band circumferentially about the filter.

5. The filter tip cigarette of claim 4 in which said remainder consists of a plurality of bands about the filter.

6. The filter tip cigarette of claim 1 in which said remainder consists of at least one band disposed longitudinally along said filter.

7. The filter tip cigarette of claim 6 in which said remainder consists ofa plurality of discrete regions about the filter. 1

8. An improved ventilated filter tip cigarette comprising:

a. tobacco column;

b. a filter enclosed by a porous air permeable wrapper characterized by substantially uniform porosity; and

c. porous, air permeable, tipping paper characterized by substantially uniform porosity, said tipping paper and wrapper being adhered together so as to form at least one region, between said wrapper and tipping paper, which is adhesive-free to permit ambient air flow therethrough wherein the area of the at least one said region is about 0.5 to 5.0 cm and the ventilation index is about 0.5 to 20 cm/sec.

9. The filter tip cigarette of claim 8 wherein the combined porosity of said wrapper and said tipping paper is from about I to l0 cc/sec.

Claims (9)

1. A ventilated filter tip cigarette comprising: a. a tobacco column; b. a filter enclosed by a porous air permeable wrapper characterized by substantially uniform porosity; c. an envelope characterized by substantially uniform porosity enclosing at least a portion of said enclosed filter, said envelope and wrapper being adhered together along at least one but not over the entire area of preselected regions of their contiguous surfaces, the remainder of said contiguous surfaces being adhesive-free, said envelope being air permeable to permit ambient air flow through the remainder area of said envelope and wrapper whereby said filter has a ventilation index of from about 0.5 to 20 cm/sec.
2. The filter of claim 1 wherein the total area of said remainder is from about 0.5 to 5.0 cm2.
3. The filter of claim 1 wherein the ventilation index is from about 2.0 to 6.0 cm/sec.
4. The filter tip cigarette of claim 1 in which said remainder consists of a band circumferentially about the filter.
5. The filter tip cigarette of claim 4 in which said remainder consists of a plurality of bands about the filter.
6. The filter tip cigarette of claim 1 in which said remainder consists of at least one band disposed longitudinally along said filter.
7. The filter tip cigarette of claim 6 in which said remainder consists of a plurality of discrete regions about the filter.
8. An improved ventilated filter tip cigarette comprising: a. tobacco column; b. a filter enclosed by a porous air permeable wrapper characterized by substantially uniform porosity; and c. porous, air permeable, tipping paper characterized by substantially uniform porosity, said tipping paper and wrapper being adhered together so as to form at least one region, between said wrapper and tipping paper, which is adhesive-free to permit ambient air flow therethrough wherein the area of the at least one said region is about 0.5 to 5.0 cm2 and the ventilation index is about 0.5 to 20 cm/sec.
9. The filter tip cigarette of claim 8 wherein the combined porosity of said wrapper and said tipping paper is from about 1 to 10 cc/sec.
US00193124A 1971-10-27 1971-10-27 Ventilated filter tip cigarette Expired - Lifetime US3805800A (en)

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Applications Claiming Priority (16)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
BE790146D BE790146A (en) 1971-10-27 Ventilated cigarette with filter tip
US00193124A US3805800A (en) 1971-10-27 1971-10-27 Ventilated filter tip cigarette
GB3337272A GB1349217A (en) 1971-10-27 1972-07-17 Ventilated filter-tip tobacco-smoking article
CA149,567A CA962908A (en) 1971-10-27 1972-08-16 Ventilated filter tip cigarette
BR663572A BR7206635D0 (en) 1971-10-27 1972-09-25 Perfected aerated cigarette with filter tip
FI271472A FI56106C (en) 1971-10-27 1972-10-03 VENTILERAD filterfoersedd cigarrette
AU47383/72A AU453450B2 (en) 1971-10-27 1972-10-04 Ventilated filter tip cigarette
ZA727138A ZA7207138B (en) 1971-10-27 1972-10-05 Ventilated filter tip cigarette
DK519972A DK128266B (en) 1971-10-27 1972-10-20 Ventilated filter cigarette.
DE2251903A DE2251903C3 (en) 1971-10-27 1972-10-23
CH1550872A CH569432A5 (en) 1971-10-27 1972-10-24
NL7214356A NL160480C (en) 1971-10-27 1972-10-24 A filter cigarette tobacco product or the like.
AR24483372A AR193904A1 (en) 1971-10-27 1972-10-26 Improvements in vented cigar with filter spout
SE7213869A SE382745B (en) 1971-10-27 1972-10-26 CIGARETTE WITH VENTILATED FILTER
US42293073 US3924643A (en) 1971-10-27 1973-12-07 Ventilated filter tip cigarette
DE19742456614 DE2456614A1 (en) 1971-10-27 1974-11-29 Ventilated filter-tipped cigarette - has uniform porosity strip and envelope enclosing filter

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AR (1) AR193904A1 (en)
AU (1) AU453450B2 (en)
BE (1) BE790146A (en)
BR (1) BR7206635D0 (en)
CA (1) CA962908A (en)
CH (1) CH569432A5 (en)
DE (1) DE2251903C3 (en)
DK (1) DK128266B (en)
FI (1) FI56106C (en)
GB (1) GB1349217A (en)
NL (1) NL160480C (en)
SE (1) SE382745B (en)
ZA (1) ZA7207138B (en)

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US3924643A (en) * 1971-10-27 1975-12-09 Brown & Williamson Tobacco Ventilated filter tip cigarette
US4035220A (en) * 1973-10-09 1977-07-12 Brown & Williamson Tobacco Corporation Method for making porous filter tip
DE2747775A1 (en) * 1976-10-28 1978-05-03 Olin Corp FLAVORED CIGARETTE
US4112154A (en) * 1977-09-02 1978-09-05 Olin Corporation Method for obtaining uniform porosity in printed inherently porous cigarette tipping papers
FR2386274A1 (en) * 1977-04-04 1978-11-03 Burrus & Cie METHOD AND DEVICE FOR MAKING A FILTER CIGARETTE AND CIGARETTE PRODUCED BY THE PROCESS
DE2828208A1 (en) * 1977-06-29 1979-01-04 Olin Corp VENTILATED FILTER CIGARETTE
FR2414884A1 (en) * 1978-01-24 1979-08-17 Seita Cigarette filter with external air intake - has discontinuous glue lines on outer wrapper admitting air directly to filter body
FR2417950A1 (en) * 1978-02-24 1979-09-21 Seita CIGARETTE FILTER IMPROVEMENTS
US4281591A (en) * 1977-04-04 1981-08-04 F. J. Burrus & Cie. Production of cigarette filter units
US4294265A (en) * 1980-04-04 1981-10-13 Philip Morris Incorporated Filter cigarette with inlet vent zones
US4295478A (en) * 1979-04-11 1981-10-20 Rjr Archer, Inc. Composite tipping structure for use on an air-ventilated cigarette and method of manufacturing same
US4331165A (en) * 1977-08-05 1982-05-25 Molins, Ltd. Ventilated cigarettes
EP0083197A1 (en) * 1981-12-23 1983-07-06 Imperial Group Plc A tipping assembly for an elongate smoking article
US6718989B1 (en) * 1999-07-29 2004-04-13 Japan Tobacco Inc. Filter for a cigarette and a filter-tipped cigarette
US20090288671A1 (en) * 2006-03-10 2009-11-26 British American Tobacco (Investments) Limited Smoking Article Filter
US20100108084A1 (en) * 2008-10-31 2010-05-06 Norman Alan B Filtered cigarette with diffuse tipping material
US20100108081A1 (en) * 2008-10-31 2010-05-06 Leigh Ann Blevins Joyce Filtered cigarette with flavored tipping material
US20100216220A1 (en) * 2008-08-01 2010-08-26 Bioventures, Inc. Devices and Methods for the Purification, Isolation, Desalting or Buffer/Solvent Exchange of Substances
CN103919280A (en) * 2014-05-05 2014-07-16 苏州图卡节能科技有限公司 Cigarette filter tip

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CA1012025A (en) * 1973-10-09 1977-06-14 James R. Hammersmith Porous filter tip and method for making
DE7522272U (en) * 1975-07-12 1977-06-02 Deutsche Benkert Gmbh & Co Kg, 4690 Herne Porous mouthpiece covering paper
GB1585862A (en) * 1976-11-19 1981-03-11 British American Tobacco Co Tobacco-smoke filters
US4090520A (en) * 1976-12-15 1978-05-23 Acumeter Laboratories, Inc. Method of and apparatus for adhering sheet material wrappings and the like
DE2845342C2 (en) * 1978-10-18 1989-09-07 Koerber Ag, 2050 Hamburg, De
DE2902913C2 (en) * 1979-01-26 1984-10-04 B.A.T. Cigaretten-Fabriken Gmbh, 2000 Hamburg, De
ZA8004947B (en) * 1979-08-28 1981-06-24 British American Tobacco Co Smoke filtration
DE3005793C2 (en) * 1980-02-15 1985-05-02 Schoeller & Hoesch Kg, 7562 Gernsbach, De
DE3225073A1 (en) * 1981-07-06 1983-01-20 Cigarette Components Ltd Tobacco smoke filter

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Cited By (27)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3924643A (en) * 1971-10-27 1975-12-09 Brown & Williamson Tobacco Ventilated filter tip cigarette
US4035220A (en) * 1973-10-09 1977-07-12 Brown & Williamson Tobacco Corporation Method for making porous filter tip
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Also Published As

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DK128266B (en) 1974-04-01
CA962908A (en) 1975-02-18
AU453450B2 (en) 1974-10-03
DE2251903B2 (en) 1977-06-23
AR193904A1 (en) 1973-05-31
BE790146A1 (en)
DE2251903C3 (en) 1983-06-16
CH569432A5 (en) 1975-11-28
FI56106C (en) 1979-12-10
GB1349217A (en) 1974-04-03
NL7214356A (en) 1973-05-02
CA962908A1 (en)
FI56106B (en) 1979-08-31
BR7206635D0 (en) 1973-07-24
SE382745B (en) 1976-02-16
NL160480C (en) 1979-11-15
ZA7207138B (en) 1973-06-27
BE790146A (en) 1973-02-15
DE2251903A1 (en) 1973-05-03
AU4738372A (en) 1974-04-11

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