US3804085A - Traction splint - Google Patents

Traction splint Download PDF

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Publication number
US3804085A
US3804085A US30032972A US3804085A US 3804085 A US3804085 A US 3804085A US 30032972 A US30032972 A US 30032972A US 3804085 A US3804085 A US 3804085A
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Prior art keywords
foot
leg
patient
supporting
wrapped around
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Expired - Lifetime
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A Jansma
A Eshuis
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A Eshuis
A Jansma
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F5/00Orthopaedic methods or devices for non-surgical treatment of bones or joints; Nursing devices; Anti-rape devices
    • A61F5/01Orthopaedic devices, e.g. splints, casts or braces
    • A61F5/04Devices for stretching or reducing fractured limbs; Devices for distractions; Splints
    • A61F5/05Devices for stretching or reducing fractured limbs; Devices for distractions; Splints for immobilising
    • A61F5/058Splints
    • A61F5/05841Splints for the limbs
    • A61F5/0585Splints for the limbs for the legs

Abstract

A traction splint including a form fitted body portion adapted to surround the calf of a leg, and to which is fastened a strap to apply a pulling force and a foot portion adapted to support the foot. An elastic strap provides an exercise means by which the problem of ''''foot drop'''' may be avoided.

Description

United States Patent 1191 Eshuis et a].

[ TRACTION SPLINT [76] Inventors: Adolph Eshuis, RR. 2; Andrew M.

Jansma, both of Rock Valley, Iowa [22 Filed: Oct. 24, 1972 [21] Appl. No.: 300,329

52 11.5. (:1. 128/85, 128/80E [51] Int. Cl. A6lf 5/04 [58] Field of Search 128/85, 84, 83, 87, 80,

[56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,854,000 9/1958 Anderson 128/84 R 2,750,939 6/1956 Bolgern 128/84 C 3,605,122

9/1971 Myers 128/165 X 5] Apr. 16 1974 2,696,208 12/1954 Falls...

2,817,333 12/1957 Cole 128/84 R 2,969,790 1/1961 ReddigJ. 128/84 R FOREIGN PATENTS 0R APPLICATIONS 523,538 8/1921 France 128/80 731,133 8/1932 France 128/80 Primary Examine rRichard A. Gaudet Assistant Examiner-J. Yasko [5 7] ABSTRACT A traction splint including a form fitted body portion adapted to surround the calf of a leg, and to which is fastened a strap to apply a pulling force and a foot portion adapted to support the foot. An elastic strap provides an exercise means by which the problem of foot drop" may be avoided.

5 Claims, 3 Drawing Figures TRACTION SPLINT BACKGROUND AND SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION This invention pertains to traction splints of the type used on hospital patients where traction applied to the leg is indicated. The device is also adapted to be used in nursing homes or for home use if desired.

There are many times when patients in hospitals or nursing homes are to be treated by applying traction to the leg or legs of the patient. In these cases, some means of grasping the leg is necessary so that the pulling force'can be applied.

Present traction devices are made almost exclusively from non-woven materials and are generally of a trapezoidal form when opened. This trapezoidal form is wrapped around the leg of the patient and is snugly fas tened above the ankle. A strap may be used to connect weights to the device. I

Applying pulling tension to the leg at the ankle in a relatively concentrated area has the effect of cutting off circulation in that region leading to a tissue necrosis. Additionally, there is no support for the foot which leads to a relaxation and weakening of the muscles controlling the foot and causing the problem known as foot drop."

By our invention we provide a device which applies the force over a broad area of the calf muscle in the patients leg. As-a result, circulation is not normally cut off and there is no necrosis problem. In addition, we provide a means for supporting the foot of the patient. This latter means also allows for exercising the foot muscles so that there is no atrophy and no loss of function.

FIGURES DESCRIPTION Briefly our device comprises a form fitting leg engaging part adapted to be. wrapped about a patients leg and a foot holding part attached to the form fitting part to allow normal ankle action and an elastic member engaged between the two parts to resiliently resist movement so that the foot controlling muscles will have a force to exercise against.

' More specifically and referring to the'drawin'gs, our device is made from-a heavy woven fabric form lined with a foam material. Two flat pieces are stitched together along a seam line 10 to provide a form adapted to fit the calf of a patients leg. When stretched out, the device assumes a plan-form somewhat like that shown in FIG. 1. However, the FIGURE .does not totally represent the concavity necessary to embrace the muscle. It is apparent that the device cannot lie totally flat in this position.

The body 11 is enlarged in the central part as shown in FIGS. 2 and 3 to fit the calf muscle. Because of that feature, we have found that it may be necessary to pro- 2 vide two or three sizes, but the use of a wrapped around portion 12 and pressure sensitive fastening tapes 13 allows considerable flexibility so far as size is concerned.

The pressure sensitive fasteners on these tapes 13 are of a type well known in the art. The pads 14 .to which weights through the strap 20 to the body 11 of our de- .vice. From there it is uniformly distributed as pressure on the calf muscle. Specifically to be avoided is any tightening at the upper end of the form just below the knee. The desired situation is a more uniform distribution of pressure and an avoidance of concentrated I tightness which would cut circulation in the leg.

A foot supporting portion 15 is connected to the .body 11 by means of a narrower or neck portion 16 all formed integrally in the two flat pieces which are.

stitched together. The front support portion also has wing portions 17 adapted to be wrapped around the foot and fastened with apressure sensitive fastener on a tape 18.'As illustrated, the foot portion is formed to lie flat when not in use. In use, however, the. neck part 16 follows the contour of the patientshe'el (FIG. 3

and provides a sort of hinge arrangement so that the patients ankle is free to operate.

In order to provide a force against which to exercise 7 the foot-controlling muscles, we use an elastic strap 21 which is stitched toone wing 17 of the foot part 15. The other end is adapted-to be held preferably by a buckle device 22 fastened to one of the straps 13. A buckle'is preferable because then the length and tension in the elastic strap 21 can be varied.

Support of the foot in the normal position is desirable to preserve some normal tension in the muscles where traction is to be continued for some time. In addition, use of the elastic strap 21 provides a pressure against which the foot can be moved to provide a moving exercise which will preserve the muscle tone so that the patient will be able to walk with much more nearly a normal muscle reaction than is often the case with present devices.

In use, the patients leg is encased by wrapping the I portions 12 around the sides of the leg and over the shin. The straps 13 are then pulled up snug (not tight) and are fastened by pressing the pressure sensitive fastener parts together. The foot part is then wrapped around the patients foot after running the neck part 16 over the heel. Again the fastening is closed. The strap 21 is then pullediup with a small amount of tension and fastened in the buckle 22. Proper traction force can then'be applied to the strap 20 to provide the necessary tension. While the device is being used, the patient can exercise his foot against the elastic strap 21 on a more or less regular basis as required. I I

We claim:

1. Traction means for applying traction force to a patients leg comprising body means formed to fit the calf of the patients leg and including fastening means on said body means for securing said body means on the patients leg, foot supporting means-formed integrally with said body means and including fastening means on said foot supporting means for securing said foot supporting means on the patients foot, elastic means engaged between said foot supporting means and said body means adapted to hold said foot supporting means in a normal relationship to said body means but allowsaid .body means ,and extending beyond said foot supporting means whereby tension canbe applied to said 3, Thedevice of claim 1 inwhich said elastic means in g movement againstthe resistance thereof whereby the foot can be exercised and strap meansfastened to S 4 is adjustably fastened to said body part.

4. The device of claim 1 in which said body means is held onto the patients leg by being wrapped around the leg and pressure sensitive meanson said body adapted to h oldsaid bjody'part in its wrapped position.

' 5 The device of claim 1 in which .saidfoo t portion formed to lieflatand is adapted to be wrappedaround the patients foot and pressure sensitive meansoni said ,foot portion to hold said foot portion in its wrapped around position.

*awiw

Claims (5)

1. Traction means for applying traction force to a patient''s leg comprising body means formed to fit the calf of the patient''s leg and including fastening means on said body means for securing said body means on the patient''s leg, foot supporting means formed integrally with said body means and including fastening means on said foot supporting means for securing said foot supporting means on the patient''s foot, elastic means engaged between said foot supporting means and said body means adapted to hold said foot supporting means in a normal relationship to said body means but allowing movement against the resistance thereof whereby the foot can be exercised and strap means fastened to said body means and extending beyond said foot supporting means whereby tension can be applied to said body means.
2. The device of claim 8 in which a neck portion forming a substantial open space is provided between said body portion and said foot portion.
3. The device of claim 1 in which said elastic means is adjustably fastened to said body part.
4. The deviCe of claim 1 in which said body means is held onto the patient''s leg by being wrapped around the leg and pressure sensitive means on said body adapted to hold said body part in its wrapped position.
5. The device of claim 1 in which said foot portion is formed to lie flat and is adapted to be wrapped around the patient''s foot and pressure sensitive means on said foot portion to hold said foot portion in its wrapped around position.
US30032972 1972-10-24 1972-10-24 Traction splint Expired - Lifetime US3804085A (en)

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Cited By (22)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3903878A (en) * 1974-11-04 1975-09-09 Donald C Spann Device for supporting a limb and associated extremity
US4266298A (en) * 1980-01-31 1981-05-12 Marlene S. Mindey Inflatable heel protector
EP0039323A1 (en) * 1980-04-25 1981-11-04 Hans Georg Dr. Ender Splint for the setting and immobilisation of finger and metacarpus fractures, and process for its manufacture
US4550721A (en) * 1983-07-01 1985-11-05 Michel Lorraine M Foot support
US4566447A (en) * 1978-02-09 1986-01-28 The United States Of America As Represented By The Administrator Of The National Aeronautics And Space Administration Drop foot corrective device
US4669450A (en) * 1985-04-15 1987-06-02 Bill Kelly Heel cord stretching appliance and method
US4817589A (en) * 1987-08-27 1989-04-04 Wertz Larry W Foot support device for improved ambulation
US4955370A (en) * 1989-04-04 1990-09-11 Pettine Kenneth A Achilles tendon rehabilitation brace and method for its manufacture
US5112296A (en) * 1991-04-30 1992-05-12 The Board Of Supervisors Of Louisiana State University Biofeedback activated orthosis for foot-drop rehabilitation
DE4308260A1 (en) * 1993-03-16 1994-09-22 Heinz Herzig Splint for ankle joints
US5376068A (en) * 1992-04-30 1994-12-27 Otto Bock Orthopaedische Industrie Besitz- Und Verwaltungs Kg Ankle joint brace
US5489259A (en) * 1993-10-27 1996-02-06 Sundance Enterprises, Inc. Pressure-normalizing single-chambered static pressure device for supporting and protecting a body extremity
US5860423A (en) * 1996-12-06 1999-01-19 Thompson; Terry Ankle-foot orthosis
US20020143280A1 (en) * 2001-01-10 2002-10-03 Souney Sean J. Best multifunction bucks traction boot
WO2006023787A1 (en) * 2004-08-20 2006-03-02 Denis Burke Drennan Traction device
US20080077066A1 (en) * 2006-09-27 2008-03-27 Herbert Hughes Lewis Lewis lift AFO device
US20100324461A1 (en) * 2009-06-17 2010-12-23 Darco International, Inc. Adjustable splinting device
US8273044B1 (en) 2009-12-04 2012-09-25 Larson Donald O Traction splint device
US20130198922A1 (en) * 2012-02-02 2013-08-08 Gsok Llc Shin Guard Compression Sleeve
US8870802B1 (en) 2011-04-13 2014-10-28 Water Crest Industries LLC Traction splint
US9615958B2 (en) 2012-09-19 2017-04-11 Osborn Medical Corp. Heel float therapeutic footwear
US10426648B2 (en) 2012-09-19 2019-10-01 Osborn Medical Corp. Heel float therapeutic footwear

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR523538A (en) * 1920-08-28 1921-08-19 Bernard Apparatus for paralysis of the sciatic nerve
FR731133A (en) * 1932-02-06 1932-08-29 Apparatus prosthetic walking
US2696208A (en) * 1952-02-04 1954-12-07 Falls Herbert Pitman Surgical traction boot
US2750939A (en) * 1953-05-20 1956-06-19 Bolger Henry Traction device for invalids
US2817333A (en) * 1955-12-30 1957-12-24 James C Cole Leg traction device
US2854000A (en) * 1955-10-12 1958-09-30 S H Camp & Company Traction legging
US2969790A (en) * 1960-02-12 1961-01-31 Reddig Phyllis Surgical traction boot
US3605122A (en) * 1969-02-28 1971-09-20 Harvery L Myers Adjustable elastic stocking

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR523538A (en) * 1920-08-28 1921-08-19 Bernard Apparatus for paralysis of the sciatic nerve
FR731133A (en) * 1932-02-06 1932-08-29 Apparatus prosthetic walking
US2696208A (en) * 1952-02-04 1954-12-07 Falls Herbert Pitman Surgical traction boot
US2750939A (en) * 1953-05-20 1956-06-19 Bolger Henry Traction device for invalids
US2854000A (en) * 1955-10-12 1958-09-30 S H Camp & Company Traction legging
US2817333A (en) * 1955-12-30 1957-12-24 James C Cole Leg traction device
US2969790A (en) * 1960-02-12 1961-01-31 Reddig Phyllis Surgical traction boot
US3605122A (en) * 1969-02-28 1971-09-20 Harvery L Myers Adjustable elastic stocking

Cited By (28)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3903878A (en) * 1974-11-04 1975-09-09 Donald C Spann Device for supporting a limb and associated extremity
US4566447A (en) * 1978-02-09 1986-01-28 The United States Of America As Represented By The Administrator Of The National Aeronautics And Space Administration Drop foot corrective device
US4266298A (en) * 1980-01-31 1981-05-12 Marlene S. Mindey Inflatable heel protector
EP0039323A1 (en) * 1980-04-25 1981-11-04 Hans Georg Dr. Ender Splint for the setting and immobilisation of finger and metacarpus fractures, and process for its manufacture
US4550721A (en) * 1983-07-01 1985-11-05 Michel Lorraine M Foot support
US4669450A (en) * 1985-04-15 1987-06-02 Bill Kelly Heel cord stretching appliance and method
US4817589A (en) * 1987-08-27 1989-04-04 Wertz Larry W Foot support device for improved ambulation
US4955370A (en) * 1989-04-04 1990-09-11 Pettine Kenneth A Achilles tendon rehabilitation brace and method for its manufacture
US5112296A (en) * 1991-04-30 1992-05-12 The Board Of Supervisors Of Louisiana State University Biofeedback activated orthosis for foot-drop rehabilitation
US5376068A (en) * 1992-04-30 1994-12-27 Otto Bock Orthopaedische Industrie Besitz- Und Verwaltungs Kg Ankle joint brace
DE4308260A1 (en) * 1993-03-16 1994-09-22 Heinz Herzig Splint for ankle joints
US5489259A (en) * 1993-10-27 1996-02-06 Sundance Enterprises, Inc. Pressure-normalizing single-chambered static pressure device for supporting and protecting a body extremity
US5860423A (en) * 1996-12-06 1999-01-19 Thompson; Terry Ankle-foot orthosis
US20020143280A1 (en) * 2001-01-10 2002-10-03 Souney Sean J. Best multifunction bucks traction boot
JP2008510524A (en) * 2004-08-20 2008-04-10 ドレナン,デニス,バーク Traction equipment
US20060084898A1 (en) * 2004-08-20 2006-04-20 Drennan Denis B Traction device
US7052479B2 (en) * 2004-08-20 2006-05-30 Denis Burke Drennan Traction device
AU2005277232B2 (en) * 2004-08-20 2008-05-22 Denis Burke Drennan Traction device
WO2006023787A1 (en) * 2004-08-20 2006-03-02 Denis Burke Drennan Traction device
US20080077066A1 (en) * 2006-09-27 2008-03-27 Herbert Hughes Lewis Lewis lift AFO device
US20100324461A1 (en) * 2009-06-17 2010-12-23 Darco International, Inc. Adjustable splinting device
US8900171B2 (en) * 2009-06-17 2014-12-02 Darco International, Inc. Adjustable splinting device
US8273044B1 (en) 2009-12-04 2012-09-25 Larson Donald O Traction splint device
US8870802B1 (en) 2011-04-13 2014-10-28 Water Crest Industries LLC Traction splint
US20130198922A1 (en) * 2012-02-02 2013-08-08 Gsok Llc Shin Guard Compression Sleeve
US9615958B2 (en) 2012-09-19 2017-04-11 Osborn Medical Corp. Heel float therapeutic footwear
US10426648B2 (en) 2012-09-19 2019-10-01 Osborn Medical Corp. Heel float therapeutic footwear
US10575978B2 (en) 2012-09-19 2020-03-03 Osborn Medical Corp. Heel float therapeutic footwear

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