US3853123A - Orthopedic knee brace - Google Patents

Orthopedic knee brace Download PDF

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US3853123A
US3853123A US39824173A US3853123A US 3853123 A US3853123 A US 3853123A US 39824173 A US39824173 A US 39824173A US 3853123 A US3853123 A US 3853123A
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joint
sheet
leg
limb
portion
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R Moore
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R Moore
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F5/00Orthopaedic methods or devices for non-surgical treatment of bones or joints; Nursing devices; Anti-rape devices
    • A61F5/01Orthopaedic devices, e.g. splints, casts or braces
    • A61F5/0102Orthopaedic devices, e.g. splints, casts or braces specially adapted for correcting deformities of the limbs or for supporting them; Ortheses, e.g. with articulations
    • A61F5/0104Orthopaedic devices, e.g. splints, casts or braces specially adapted for correcting deformities of the limbs or for supporting them; Ortheses, e.g. with articulations without articulation
    • A61F5/0106Orthopaedic devices, e.g. splints, casts or braces specially adapted for correcting deformities of the limbs or for supporting them; Ortheses, e.g. with articulations without articulation for the knees

Abstract

An orthopedic appliance for bracing the human knee or other similar joint and restraining the same against normal knee bending movement or genuflection, or other knee movement such as lateral movement, comprises a sheet of resilient material contoured to fit the back of the leg in an area above and below the knee joint. Secured to the concave side of the resilient material is a longer sheet of padding material adapted to be wrapped about the leg, with an opening through which the patella may extend. On the convex side of the resilient member a plurality of straps are attached laterally for encircling the leg, securing the brace thereto. Securing the brace snugly to the leg with the straps causes the contour of the resilient member to increase, preventing flexure of the resilient member and providing a rigid brace which restrains lateral movement and genuflection.

Description

United States Patent 1191 Moore Dec. 10, 1974 ORTHOPEDIC KNEE BRACE [22] Filed: Sept. 17, 1973 [21] Appl. No.: 398,241

[52] U.S. Cl. 128/80 C, 128/165 -[51] Int. Cl. A611 3/00 [58] Field of Search 128/80 C, 80 R, 87, 165; 2/22, 24; 273/189 A [56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 689,831 12/1901 Pettee 128/87 R 802,623 10/1905 Camp 273/189 A 2,195,024 3/1940 Bullock 128/165 2,468,580 4/1949 Weis et a1 128/87 R X 2,641,761 6/1953 Schultz 128/80 C 2,858,540 11/1958 Morrison 128/80 C 3,375,821 4/1968 Meek 128/80 R 3,463,147 8/1969 Stubbs 128/165 x 3,682,163 8/1972 Plummer 128/87 R OTHER PUBLlCATlONS Richards Knee Support, Richards Mfg. Co. Catalogue,

p. 17, received May 9, 1966.

Primary Examiner-Richard A. Gaudet Assistant Examiner-.1. Yasko Attorney, Agent, or Firml-1arris Zimmerman [57] 1 ABSTRACT An orthopedic appliance for bracing the human knee or other similar joint and restraining the same against normal knee bending movement or genuflection, or other knee movement such as lateral movement, comprises a sheet of resilient material contoured to fit the back of the leg in an area above and below the knee joint. Secured to the concave side of the resilient material is a longer sheet of padding material adapted to be wrapped about the leg, with an opening through which the patella may extend. On the convex side of the resilient member a plurality of straps are attached laterally for encircling the leg, securing the brace thereto. Securing the brace snugly to the leg with the straps causes the contour of the resilient member to increase, preventing flexure of the resilient member and providing a rigid brace which restrains lateral movement and genuflection.

4 Claims, 8 Drawing Figures PAIENTEB B E 1 01914 3; 853'. 1 23 sum 2 or 2 ORTI-IOPEDIC KNEE BRACE BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION A variety of orthopedic appliances have been developed in the prior art for use as a brace for the human knee or elbow for restricting the normal bending movement of such a joint. These appliances are intended to be placed on or removed from the arm or leg of the patient by the patient himself or by a non-professional helper, not permanently secured to the arm or leg as is the traditional Plaster of Paris cast.

Orthopedic appliances of this type known in the prior art typically possess a number of notable short-comings or disadvantageous features. For example, many of the appliances are bulky, or heavy, or difficult to use. Others, which are produced in a variety of sizes and configurations to accommodate the varying musculature and bone structure of different patients, still must be specifically altered or bent to fit the patient, requiring the services of an attending physician or other trained medical person. And, despite the oft-required custom fitting, the appliance may still be uncomfortable for the patient to wear for an extended period of time, thereby compounding the pain of the joint injury with the discomfort of the brace.

It is accordingly an object of the present invention to provide an orthopedic appliance of the type described which overcomes the objectionable features and disadvantages of comparable prior art devices, and which may be easily placed on patients of differing physiques without custom alteration of the appliance. It is a further object of this invention to provide an orthopedic appliance which is resilient and flexible when not in use, but which is rigid when in place as a brace to prevent joint movement. It is also an object of the present invention to provide a joint brace which is comfortable to wear for extended periods.

THE DRAWING FIG. 1 is a front perspective view of the appliance of the present invention in the closed or operative position.

FIG. 2 is a transverse cross-sectional view of the de vice in the position of FIG. 1.

FIG. 3 is a transverse plan view of the present invention.

FIG. 4 is a longitudinal cross-sectional view of the appliance placed on a patient. I

FIG. 5 is a view of the inside of the present invention in the open or inoperative position.

FIG. 6 is a top perspective view of the appliance in the open or inoperative position, taken along plane 6-6 of FIG. 5.

' FIG. 7 is a side view of the appliance in iise, taken along plane 7-7 of FIG. 5. I

FIG. 8 is a front plan view of the outside of the appliance in the open position.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT The appliance of the present invention, as best illustrated in FIGS. 5 and 8 of the accompanying drawings, comprises a support member 11 which is formed of flexible, resilient material and contoured to accommodate the longitudinal configuration of the back of the leg above and below the knee joint, as shown in FIG. 7. In the lateral direction the support member 11 is formed with a curve much more open than the curve of the leg, as depicted in solid line 12 in FIG. 3. A flexible sheet 13 of padding material of uniform thickness is secured within the support member by means of adhesive or the like. The sheet 13, of trapezoidal configuration, includes recesses 14 in the opposed oblique sides which define, in the closed or operative position, an opening through which the patella may extend. Af-

fixed to the middle of the sheet 13 are two longitudinal pads 16 which contact, support and cushion the popliteal area of the knee joint.

Secured to the exterior of the support member are a plurality of straps 17, each strap including a buckle l8 at one end, and a hook-and-pile fastener 19 at the other end. Such fabric fasteners are available under the registered trakemark VELCRO, although it should be noted that snaps, zippers or other fastening means may be employed. The straps, with the buckle end secured to the support member, alternate longitudinally in extending laterally of the appliance, as shown in FIG. 8. To secure the appliance to'either leg of a patient, it is placed at the back of the leg with the longitudinal pads 16 contacting the popliteal area, the upper portion engaging the femoral area and the lower portion engaging the tibial area of the leg. The fastening ends of the straps are then snugly wrapped about the leg, passed through their respective buckles 18 and fastened with fasteners li -Engagement of the straps also wraps the sheet 13 about the leg to cushion the flesh beneath the straps, the opposed oblique sides nearly meeting at the front of the leg, as shown in FIG. 2.

It should be noted that the support member 11 is flexible and resilient when the appliance is in the open position. However, securing the appliance to the leg of the wearer and tightening the straps causes the support member to increase its concavity in the lateral direction as it conforms to the back of the leg, due to the tension of the straps, as shown in phantom in FIG. 3. This increased concavity increases the structural rigidity of the support member, so that in the closed or operative position the appliance braces the knee joint to effectively prevent genuflectiori or lateral movement of the joint.

Furthermore, the flexible nature of the support member in the open position permits the support member to be drawn into the proper contour in the lateral direction to accommodate the lateral curves of the leg of the wearer as the straps are tightened. Thus applying and securing the appliance of the present invention to the leg of the wearer at the same times conforms the appliance to the leg, obviating the need for custom fitting of the appliance. Furthermore, one appliance may fit legs of different sizes, so that a production and labelling of appliances in differing sizes is not required.

It should be emphasized that although the preferred embodiment has been described in relation to a knee joint, it is within the scope of the present invention to provide an orthopedic appliance of the disclosed construction for other similar joints, such as but not limited to the elbow joint.

I claim:

1. An orthopedic appliance for immobilizing a joint of a human limb, comprising a semi-rigid resilient support panel adapted to extend above and below the fossa region of the joint and contoured to partially encompass same,

means for altering said contour of said panel to increase the rigidity of said resilient support panel,

said means for altering said contour of said panel in cluding a plurality of lateral straps spaced longitudinally along said panel, andfastening means for 5 adjustably and releasably securing said straps about the limb, and a sheet of padding material secured within said contour of said resilient support panel and extending laterally therefrom, said sheet of padding material being tapered in the lateral dimention from above the fossa region to below the same.

2. The orthopedic appliance of claim 1; further including a plurality of longitudinal pads secured medially to said padding sheet for engaging and cushioning 5 the joint area of a limb.

3. The orthopedic applianceof claim 1, wherein said sheet of padding material includes opposed longitudinal edges, and a pair of opposed concave indentations disposed in said edges;

4. The orthopedic appliance of claim 1, wherein said resilient support panel includes a first contoured portion receiving the limb above the joint, a second con toured portion offset from said first portion and adapted to receive the limb below the joint, and a third contoured portion extending obliquely between said first portion and saidsecond portion and adapted for receiving the fossa region of the joint.

Claims (4)

1. An orthopedic appliance for immobilizing a joint of a human limb, comprising a semi-rigid resilient support panel adapted to extend above and below the fossa region of the joint and contoured to partially encompass same, means for altering said contour of said panel to increase the rigidity of said resilient support panel, said means for altering said contour of said panel including a plurality of lateral straps spaced longitudinally along said panel, and fastening means for adjustably and releasably securing said straps about the limb, and a sheet of padding material secured within said contour of said resilient support panel and extending laterally therefrom, said sheet of padding material being tapered in the lateral dimention from above the fossa region to below the same.
2. The orthopedic appliance of claim 1; further including a plurality of longitudinal pads secured medially to said padding sheet for engaging and cushioning the joint area of a limb.
3. The orthopedic appliance of claim 1, wherein said sheet of padding material includes opposed longitudinal edges, and a pair of opposed concave indentations disposed in said edges.
4. The orthopedic appliance of claim 1, wherein said resilient support panel includes a first contoured portion receiving the limb above the joint, a second contoured portion offset from said first portion and adapted to receive the limb below the joint, and a third contoured portion extending obliquely between said first portion and said second portion and adapted for receiving the fossa region of the joint.
US39824173 1973-09-17 1973-09-17 Orthopedic knee brace Expired - Lifetime US3853123A (en)

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Cited By (26)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4041940A (en) * 1975-11-05 1977-08-16 Frankel S Arthur Contoured knee immobilizer
US4090508A (en) * 1977-03-15 1978-05-23 Medical Specialties, Incorporated Orthopedic knee brace
US4111194A (en) * 1976-12-27 1978-09-05 Rollin Webb Cox Posterior knee immobilizing brace
EP0067319A2 (en) * 1981-06-11 1982-12-22 Hildebrandt, Hans-Dietrich, Dr. med. Knee splint
US4370977A (en) * 1981-05-04 1983-02-01 Kenneth D. Driver Knee and elbow brace
US4387709A (en) * 1981-07-13 1983-06-14 Shen C Anthony Knee brace
US4407276A (en) * 1981-01-22 1983-10-04 Medical Designs, Inc. Brace for articulated limbs
US4466428A (en) * 1982-07-16 1984-08-21 Mccoy Dalton R Patella support apparatus
US4872448A (en) * 1986-10-22 1989-10-10 Johnson Jr Glenn W Knee brace having adjustable inflatable U-shaped air cell
US4940045A (en) * 1988-12-22 1990-07-10 Cromartie Hendrick L Knee guard and brace with adjustable medial condyle support pad
US4947838A (en) * 1989-02-27 1990-08-14 Donato Giannetti Shell-like orthopedic brace
EP0401755A2 (en) * 1989-06-09 1990-12-12 ROLTRA-MORSE S.p.A. Prosthesis for reducing and locking limb bone fractures
US5277697A (en) * 1990-08-17 1994-01-11 Hanger Orthopedic Group, Inc. Patella-femoral brace
US5385534A (en) * 1993-07-09 1995-01-31 Smith & Nephew Donjoy Inc. Splint assembled from a flat stackable kit
US5527267A (en) * 1993-06-09 1996-06-18 Billotti; Joseph D. Method for supporting body joints and brace therefor
WO1996022748A1 (en) 1995-01-26 1996-08-01 Dynorthotics Lp Dynamic patella brace with floating patella pad
US5582584A (en) * 1996-01-11 1996-12-10 Billotti; Joseph D. Knee brace with secure attachment and method
US5785673A (en) * 1996-01-11 1998-07-28 Billotti; Joseph D. Knee brace with secure attachment
US5873848A (en) * 1996-06-14 1999-02-23 Depuy, Inc. Orthopedic brace
US20040068215A1 (en) * 2002-10-08 2004-04-08 Jeremy Adelson Osteoarthritis knee brace apparatus and method
US20050192524A1 (en) * 2004-02-27 2005-09-01 Circaid Medical Products, Inc. Limb encircling therapeutic compression device
US20090156973A1 (en) * 2007-04-19 2009-06-18 John Scott Method of and apparatus for patella support
US8096964B1 (en) 2010-09-29 2012-01-17 Tyco Healthcare Group Lp Compression garment having grip
AU2011201309B2 (en) * 2007-07-03 2013-10-31 Natalie Bennett-Bremner Therapeutic close fitting garment
US20170014254A1 (en) * 2015-07-15 2017-01-19 Joni Jones Limb Immobilizer Device
US9872789B2 (en) 2012-02-07 2018-01-23 Ossur Iceland Ehf Joint for rehabilitation device

Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US689831A (en) * 1901-03-05 1901-12-24 George W Cook Fracture apparatus.
US802623A (en) * 1905-05-06 1905-10-24 Charles Cross Goodrich Device for use in playing the game of golf.
US2195024A (en) * 1938-07-27 1940-03-26 Rawlings Mfg Co Knee brace
US2468580A (en) * 1945-11-09 1949-04-26 Anthony H Weis Instruction device
US2641761A (en) * 1951-04-06 1953-06-16 August L Schultz Knee brace or stabilizer
US2858540A (en) * 1956-05-21 1958-11-04 Morrison Harry Limb and knee protector
US3375821A (en) * 1965-07-14 1968-04-02 Cicero P. Meek Kneepad
US3463147A (en) * 1966-06-28 1969-08-26 Frank F Stubbs Body joint support
US3682163A (en) * 1970-09-18 1972-08-08 Walter A Plummer Snap-on orthopedic splint

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US689831A (en) * 1901-03-05 1901-12-24 George W Cook Fracture apparatus.
US802623A (en) * 1905-05-06 1905-10-24 Charles Cross Goodrich Device for use in playing the game of golf.
US2195024A (en) * 1938-07-27 1940-03-26 Rawlings Mfg Co Knee brace
US2468580A (en) * 1945-11-09 1949-04-26 Anthony H Weis Instruction device
US2641761A (en) * 1951-04-06 1953-06-16 August L Schultz Knee brace or stabilizer
US2858540A (en) * 1956-05-21 1958-11-04 Morrison Harry Limb and knee protector
US3375821A (en) * 1965-07-14 1968-04-02 Cicero P. Meek Kneepad
US3463147A (en) * 1966-06-28 1969-08-26 Frank F Stubbs Body joint support
US3682163A (en) * 1970-09-18 1972-08-08 Walter A Plummer Snap-on orthopedic splint

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
Richards Knee Support, Richards Mfg. Co. Catalogue, p. 17, received May 9, 1966. *

Cited By (32)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4041940A (en) * 1975-11-05 1977-08-16 Frankel S Arthur Contoured knee immobilizer
US4111194A (en) * 1976-12-27 1978-09-05 Rollin Webb Cox Posterior knee immobilizing brace
US4090508A (en) * 1977-03-15 1978-05-23 Medical Specialties, Incorporated Orthopedic knee brace
US4407276A (en) * 1981-01-22 1983-10-04 Medical Designs, Inc. Brace for articulated limbs
US4370977A (en) * 1981-05-04 1983-02-01 Kenneth D. Driver Knee and elbow brace
EP0067319A2 (en) * 1981-06-11 1982-12-22 Hildebrandt, Hans-Dietrich, Dr. med. Knee splint
EP0067319A3 (en) * 1981-06-11 1983-03-09 Hildebrandt, Hans-Dietrich, Dr. med. Knee splint
US4387709A (en) * 1981-07-13 1983-06-14 Shen C Anthony Knee brace
US4466428A (en) * 1982-07-16 1984-08-21 Mccoy Dalton R Patella support apparatus
US4872448A (en) * 1986-10-22 1989-10-10 Johnson Jr Glenn W Knee brace having adjustable inflatable U-shaped air cell
US4940045A (en) * 1988-12-22 1990-07-10 Cromartie Hendrick L Knee guard and brace with adjustable medial condyle support pad
US4947838A (en) * 1989-02-27 1990-08-14 Donato Giannetti Shell-like orthopedic brace
EP0401755A2 (en) * 1989-06-09 1990-12-12 ROLTRA-MORSE S.p.A. Prosthesis for reducing and locking limb bone fractures
EP0401755A3 (en) * 1989-06-09 1991-11-21 ROLTRA-MORSE S.p.A. Prosthesis for reducing and locking limb bone fractures
US5277697A (en) * 1990-08-17 1994-01-11 Hanger Orthopedic Group, Inc. Patella-femoral brace
US5527267A (en) * 1993-06-09 1996-06-18 Billotti; Joseph D. Method for supporting body joints and brace therefor
US5385534A (en) * 1993-07-09 1995-01-31 Smith & Nephew Donjoy Inc. Splint assembled from a flat stackable kit
US5456659A (en) * 1993-07-09 1995-10-10 Smith & Nephew Donjoy Inc. Splint for a joint of the body having an adjustable flexion angle
WO1996022748A1 (en) 1995-01-26 1996-08-01 Dynorthotics Lp Dynamic patella brace with floating patella pad
US5785673A (en) * 1996-01-11 1998-07-28 Billotti; Joseph D. Knee brace with secure attachment
US5582584A (en) * 1996-01-11 1996-12-10 Billotti; Joseph D. Knee brace with secure attachment and method
US5873848A (en) * 1996-06-14 1999-02-23 Depuy, Inc. Orthopedic brace
US20040068215A1 (en) * 2002-10-08 2004-04-08 Jeremy Adelson Osteoarthritis knee brace apparatus and method
US7329232B2 (en) * 2004-02-27 2008-02-12 Circaid Medical Products, Inc. Limb encircling therapeutic compression device
US20050192524A1 (en) * 2004-02-27 2005-09-01 Circaid Medical Products, Inc. Limb encircling therapeutic compression device
US7959590B2 (en) * 2007-04-19 2011-06-14 New Options Sports Method of and apparatus for patella support
US20090156973A1 (en) * 2007-04-19 2009-06-18 John Scott Method of and apparatus for patella support
AU2011201309B2 (en) * 2007-07-03 2013-10-31 Natalie Bennett-Bremner Therapeutic close fitting garment
AU2011201309C1 (en) * 2007-07-03 2014-03-13 Natalie Bennett-Bremner Therapeutic close fitting garment
US8096964B1 (en) 2010-09-29 2012-01-17 Tyco Healthcare Group Lp Compression garment having grip
US9872789B2 (en) 2012-02-07 2018-01-23 Ossur Iceland Ehf Joint for rehabilitation device
US20170014254A1 (en) * 2015-07-15 2017-01-19 Joni Jones Limb Immobilizer Device

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