US375491A - Piano-forte - Google Patents

Piano-forte Download PDF

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US375491A
US375491A US375491DA US375491A US 375491 A US375491 A US 375491A US 375491D A US375491D A US 375491DA US 375491 A US375491 A US 375491A
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bridge
plate
piano
pin
posts
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G10MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACOUSTICS
    • G10CPIANOS, HARPSICHORDS, SPINETS OR SIMILAR STRINGED MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS WITH ONE OR MORE KEYBOARDS
    • G10C3/00Details or accessories
    • G10C3/07Strings
    • G10C3/08Arrangements thereof

Description

(o-Model.) n
, w. H. WEBS.
- PIANO FORTE. No. 375.491. Patented Dec. 27, 1887 V UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
`WILLIAM H. IVERS, OF DEDHAM, ASSIGNOB, TO IVERS & POND PIANO CO., OF BOSTON, MASSACHUSETTS.
PIANO-roars.v
SPECIFICATION forming part ol' Letters Patent No. 375,491, dated December 27, 1887.
Application filed September 23, lSS'I. Serial No. 250,498. (No model.)
To al? whom it may concern:
Be 1t known that I, XVILLIAM H. IvERs, a
' citizen of the United States, residing at Dedham, in the county of Norfolk and State of Massachusetts, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in PlanoFortes; and I do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same, reference being had to the aecompanyingdrawings, and to letters or figures of reference marked thereon, which form a part of this specification.
This invention relates to piano-fortes; and it consists in certain features of construction which relate to the mounting and adjustment of the bridge, so called. Moreover, these improvementsrelate to what is termed the upper bridge in contradistinction to the lower or sounding-board bridge, with which it might be confused.
Figure l represents aperspective view of the back of an upright piano embodying my improvements. Fig. 2 is a vertical transverse section. Fig. 3 is a plan of a portion of the same.
In the manufacture of pianolfortes, particu larly i uprights,7 so styled,the case is divided into two vertical sections, front and back, respectively. My invention pertains solely to the latter portion, Which alone is shown in the drawings, and contains the frame, skeleton plate, sounding-board, and strings. Furthermore, in the present improved construction of instruments of this class, and to strengthen the frame shown at A, a cast-iron plate, B, is set into the frame, and directly upon and to this plate the upper bridge, C, has been secured. As a result of this arrangement,a metallic connection exists between the strings, particularly the treble a a, which rest upon said bridge and the plate B supporting it; hence a metallic sound is imparted to the tone of the instrument as distinguished from the full soft tones resembling aiiute or reed, which are especially desired in instruments of this class. The object of my invention is to overcome and obviate, if possible, any such metallic tones which may be caused or produced by the use of the cast-iron plate B, before mentioned.
Upon reference to Fig. l, the general features of an upright piano are therein shown, composed of the rectangular frame A, within which is firmly secured a metal skeleton plate, B, of a size and shape adapted to its requirements. Upon this are superimposed the treble and bass strings, (designated, respectively, act b 2),) the wrist-pins to which they are secured being shown at c c. To the rear of this plate, and disposed in the upper part of the frame, is the pin-block D, the latter resting upon uprights E, one of which is shown in Fig. 2. The
lower or sounding-board bridge is shown at d,
while the upper is designated at C.
As before preinised,the primary object of my invention is embodied in the manner of mounting the beariug-bridge G and in preventing metallic contact with the plate B. Preferably this bearing-bridge is composed of a metal piece or strip in cross-section asegment of a circle, cast with a longitudinal groove, within which is secured a slender rod or wire, e, upon which the strings bear. In lieu of placing the bridge in direct contact with the plate and mounting it upon the latter, I have bored a series of holes, f, in the plate and disposed them beneath the bridge. IVithin said holes are placed a series of pins or posts, g, to be made either of Wood or metal, and inserted firmly in the piu-block. Said pins can be adjusted by means of screw-threads cut upon them, while the bridge C is thus upheld above the plate at any desired distance. No contact now occurs between the bearing-bridge and the plate, since the former is supported by the pin-block, While the tone ofthe instrument is improved, being rendered fuller and softer. The depression bar or bolster is shown at h.
By this construction-that is, mounting the bearing-bridge upon a series of posts which pass freely through the plate B and are inserted in the pin-bloekmetallic vibrations arising from the plate and due to the action ot' the strings are almost entirely, if not quite, prevented. It is evident that either wood or metal posts can be employed, since in the event of employing the latter material said posts should be smaller than the holes f, through which they pass, and no contact exists between the plate and said posts or pins, While the same result is produced as if said supports IOO were of Wood. In both instances the bearing bridge is supported on the pin-block and not upon the plate B, with which it has no Contact or support whatsoever.
l. In pianofortes, the combination, with a frame, the skeleton plate to which the strings are attached, and the pin-block, of a bearingbridge and its series of posts inserted iu the pinbloek and supporting said bridge independently of the skeleton plate, substantially as described.
2. In combination with a piano-forte having abearing-bridge independently mounted upon the pin-block, a skeleton metal plate formed with a series of holes aligned beneath said bridge and adapted to receive a series of posts, substantially as stated.
8. The combination, with the frame A and pin-block D, of the skeleton plate B, provided 2o with a series of holes, f, and the pins g, which l enter the pin-block and upon which the bearing-bridge is mounted, substantially as stated.
4. In a piano-forte having a frame, A, and skeleton plate B, the pin-block D, its series z5 of posts g, and. the wrist-pin c, combined with the Wires attached to the latter, the depression-bar h,and the bearing-bridge C,independ ently supported upon said posts g, substantially for the purposes set forth.
In testimony whereof I aliix my signature in presence of two Witnesses.
VILLIAM Il. IVERS.
Witnesses:
II. E. LODGE, LEMUEL HAN'WooD.
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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6091010A (en) * 1997-12-23 2000-07-18 Gauger; Gary L. Camber induced snare adjuster
US6133519A (en) * 1998-03-12 2000-10-17 Dampp-Chaser Electronics Corporation Piano humidity control system having moisture impermeable back or bottom cover
US7028914B1 (en) 2003-09-29 2006-04-18 Dampp-Chaser Electronics Corporation Piano humidistat

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6091010A (en) * 1997-12-23 2000-07-18 Gauger; Gary L. Camber induced snare adjuster
US6133519A (en) * 1998-03-12 2000-10-17 Dampp-Chaser Electronics Corporation Piano humidity control system having moisture impermeable back or bottom cover
US7028914B1 (en) 2003-09-29 2006-04-18 Dampp-Chaser Electronics Corporation Piano humidistat

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