US369193A - Cash register and indicator - Google Patents

Cash register and indicator Download PDF


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US369193A US369193DA US369193A US 369193 A US369193 A US 369193A US 369193D A US369193D A US 369193DA US 369193 A US369193 A US 369193A
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    • G06C7/00Input mechanisms
    • G06C7/10Transfer mechanisms, e.g. transfer of a figure from a ten-key keyboard into the pin carriage
    • Y10S292/00Closure fasteners
    • Y10S292/23Vehicle door latches


' 2 Sheets-Sheet 1.
CASH REGISTER AND INDICATOR. No. 369,193. Patented Aug. 80, 1887.
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(No Model.)
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 369,l93,dated August 30, 1887.
Application filed Octobrr 20, 1886. Serial No. 216,736.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, MATTHIAs R. LONG- ACRE, a resident of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and a citizen of the United States, have invented an Improved Cash Register and Indicator, of which the following is a specification.
My invention relates to indicating and registering mechanism, more especially such as is adapted for indicating and registering the amounts of cash sales in stores; and one of the main objects of my invention is to so construct the cash indicator and register that the buyer can see the indications of the amount payable for the purchase at the time it is registered.
In the accompanying drawings, Figure 1 is a perspective view of my improved registering apparatus. Fig. 2 is a longitudinal section of the same. Fig. 3 is an enlarged trans verse section on the line 1 2, Fig. 2, of one section of the register. Fig. 4 is a similar section on the line 3 4, Fig. 2. Fig. 5 is a similar transverse section on the line 5 6, Fig. 2. Fig. 6 is a plan view of one of the number-plates. .Figs. 7, 8, and 9 are enlarged views of one of the keys and part of the locking-bolt in three different positions. Fig. 10 is an enlarged inverted plan view of the registering-wheels. Figs. 11 and 12 are sectional views illustrating parts of the registering device; and Fig. 18 is a perspective view of the indicator and register in a counter desk, or table.
Among theessential features of my apparatus are a series of sliding number-platesimpolled by suitable springs and each having a number of locking and releasing keys, alocking-bolt for the keys, and devices for returningthe parts to their normal positions, as described hereinafter.
Each number-plate carries on its face figures from 0 to 9, and in the drawings, Fig. 1, I have illustrated four number-plates and their devices for two columns of cents and for two columns of dollars; but the number-plates and their devices may be increased to any desired extent. Through an opening in the top of the case of the indicator and register one or other of the figures on the face of each number-plate is visible to the purchaser, according to the position in which the number-plate (No model.)
stops in its longitudinal movement under control of the corresponding key.
As the construction and operation of the several number-plates with their keys and their operating parts are alike, a description of one will apply to all, and in Figs. 2, 3, 4, and 5 I have illustrated only one section of the register or set of the devices.
A is the casing, and in horizontal guides in this casing is adapted to slide the longitudinal number-plate B, having on its under side a rack, 72, into which gears a cog-wheel, D,
mounted to turn freely on ashal't, E, having bearings'in the casing. To the hub of this wheel D is secured one end ofa coiled spring, F, while the other end is connected to the casing, and the parts are so arranged that the spring tends to turn the wheel D in the direction of its arrow, Fig. 2, so as to impel the number-plate B forward when released from its retaining-catch.
As illustrated in Fig. 6, the upper surface ofthe number-plate carries aseries of figures 0 to 9-and one or other of these figures will show through a glazed opening, a, in the top of the case, according to the position in which the number-plate happens to be. As shown in Fig.6, this number-plate B has at its outer end a notch, b, with a beveled nose, and with this notch engages a finger, 9, Fig. 5, forming part of a hinged retaining-frame, G, pivoted to the case and acted upon by a spring, 9.
I prefer to bevel the outer face of the swing ing frame G,and against this beveled face bear the ends of a number of levers, H, pivoted to a fixed part of the casing and acted oh at their opposite ends by the vertical stems of the keys K. There are nine of these keys, corresponding with the figures 1 to 9, inclusive, on the face of the number-plate. The faces of these keys also carry numbers on them, but the ber-plate at the desired point, a projection, 7c,
being formed upon the upper part of the stem of the key, so that when the latter is pressed down to first release the spring-impelled num her-plate this projection It will descend into the path of a shoulder, N, Fig. 6, at the outer end of the number-plate, so that ifkey number 3, for instance, is pressed down the number-plate will be arrested in such a position that the corresponding number 3 on the number-plate will show through the opening a.
In connection with the keys I make use of a locking-bolt I, which is adapted to guides't' in the casing, and which has shouldered notches J, corresponding in number with the keys. As shown more clearly in Figs. 7, S, and 9, each notch J has a shoulder, j, and a project ing finger, j. The sliding locking-bolt I has a limited movement in its guides, being acted upon by a spring, t, Fig. 2, which tends to pull the bolt in the direction of its arrow, Fig. 2; but when the parts are out of action thelockingbolt is held in its inward position by a springcatch, L, Fig. 5, hereinafter referred to. When the locking-bolt is held in this position, the stems of all the keys rest on the shoulders j, as shown in Figs. 2 and 7 but when the catch L, Fig. 5, is drawn back to release the locking-bolt the spring i", Fig. 2, pullsthe bolt forward until the fingers j come into contact with the ends of the stems of the several keys, as shown in Fig. 8. The several parts are then in position ready for action, and then by pressing upon any one of the keys the beveled catch It" will push the bolt I back a little until its catch can pass the finger and engage with the under side of the latter, as shown in Fig. 9, to lock the key in that position, while the numbenplate slides forward, and until the bolt is pulled back, as hereinafter described. This bolt I thus locks the keys in either their upper or lower positions.
In order to restore the several parts to their normal positions, I make use of a sliding bar, M, which has at its outer end a rack gearing into a pinion, m, connected to or formed in one with the gear-wheel D, as shown in Figs. 3 and i. To this bar M is connected, as hereinafter described, a stern, N, having a handle, a, so that by pulling on this handle the bar M will be drawn outward and will turn the wheel D, and so draw the number-plate back to its normal position into engagement with the linger of the retainer G, and the figure 0 showing through the opening a of the case.
The connection of the stem N with the bar is a yielding one, the stem N being connected. to a stem, N, adapted to have a limited sliding motion in a groove in the bar M,as shown in Figs. and 5. On this stem N is a vertically-projecting pin, 12, which, when the rackbar M is pulled back, engages with a corresponding pin, 0, on the face of the lockingbolt I to pull the latter back to the position shown in Fig. 2 andinto engagement with the spring-catch L, Fig. 5. A. spring, on, is inter posed between the portion l of the stem and a suitable shoulder on the bar M, so as to keep said stem N in such a position that the outer end of the stem N will be normally in contact with the end of the recess in the bar M.
For purposes of-sa'fety, I prefer to use, in connection with the above, an automatic catch, which will prevent the parts from sliding forward and registering if the operator should accidentally happen to let the parts slip forward under the action of the springF before he has pulled them all the way back into engagement with the retainer G and catch L. For this purpose I make use of a rotary ratchetbar, 11, mounted in the bar M, and having on its under side ratchet-teeth, with which may engageIa spring-pawl, 1, on the nndcrsideofthe casing, Figs. 2 and 5. In the periphery of this ratchet-bar It is mounted a triangular recess, 1", Fig. 2, into which projects a pimp, on the stem N. As the stems N N of the bar M are pulled outward, the pin 12, acting on the inclined sides of the recess 1', will turn the ratchet-bar to the position shown in Figs. 2 and 5 in the path of the spring-pawl 1'. Thus, when the operator begins to pull on the stemsN N, their first action will be to turn the ratchetbar into position for engagement with the pawl. To throw the ratchet-bar out of action, I provide an arm, Z, on the lower portion of the catch L, as shown in Fig. 5, to act on the pin 1" on the extreme end of the rotary ratchet-bar B, so that when the catch L is pushed back to free the locking-bar I the arm Z on the catch will so turn the ratchet-bar as to free it from engagement with the pawl r, and so allow the bar M to slide forward when the number-plate has been released.
In order to operate all the stems N, with their handles a, at the same time after a registry, to restore all the parts to their normal positions, as shown in Fig. l, I make use of a crossbar, Q, carried by sliding rods 1 in guides in the under side of the casing.
To operate the catches L of all the sections at the same time, I connect them by a crossbar, Z, as shown in Fig. 1., on the outside of the casing, this cross-bar Z being united with all the catches L by pins passing through slots 1 in the front of the casing, Fig. 5, so that a transverse movement of the cross bar will move all the catches at once,
To register the successive sales, as well as to indicate them to the customer, as described above, I provide registeringdials or other suitable devices, S, preferably only in connection with the devices operating the numberplate carrying the figures for the highest column.
As shown in Fig. 3, I secure to the axis E a ratchet-wheel, T, which is connected with. the cog-wheel D by its pawl (Z, while at the opposite end of the shaft E is secured a wheel, U, having raised numbers (0 to 9) on its periphery and provided with an undulating collar, 14, as shown in Fig. 2, and against this collar bears a spring-arm, V, having an anti-friction roller. The undulations or recesses in this Wheel are equal in number to the figures on estate 3 the periphery ofv the wheel U, so that the spring-arm will insure the stopping of the wheel in the position to which it has been moved, with a number at the top in line with the dials S, and the pawl and ratchet allow the communication of motion to the register only as the wheel D moves in one direction.
On the face of the wheel U, near the periphery, is a pin, a, which, at each revolution, comes into contact with an arm of the star-wheel Y, Fig. 10, to give this a movement to the extent of one number.
A pin on the wheel Y, (indicated by dotted lines in Fig. 10,) near the figure 9, comes into contact with an arm of the second registering-wheel,Y, and the number of these wheels may be continued so far as needed. Springs 15, bearing on the peripheries of the dials, prevent their movement beyond one tooth at a time. These registering-dials I prefer to mount in a movable box, a, Figs. 1, 11, and 12, which may be provided with any suitable form of retaining-catches or lockingbolts to hold it in place in the casing. In the drawings I have shown the box a as provided with bolts 1), engaging with notches in the side plates of the casing, and controlled by a key, 12, Fig; 12. Thus at any time the registering-box may be detached from the box and taken to the counting-room for examination and entry on the business books. I also provide for carrying with the box a record ofthe position of the wheel U in the following manner: I prefer to make the notches in theside plates in which the projecting ends of the cover of the box a rest somewhat deeper than the thickness of such cover-plate, and to interpose springs to, Figs. 1 and 11, below the ends of the plate, so that by slipping apiece of paper between the plate and the wheels U and pressing 011 the cover-plate a record may be obtained of the uppermost of the raised numbers on the said wheels.
In order to register totals on the dials, in connection with the section which has the highest column, I make use of any suitable device which shall, at each complete revolution of the shaft E of one section, impart a partial revolution to the shaft E of the next section, carrying the number-plate to indicate the next higher column of figures.
In the drawings I have shown, Fig. 3, the
shaft E of each section as provided at one end with a wheel, D, having on its outer face notches or ratchet-teeth a, while to the opposite end of the shaft E is secured a spring-pawl, e. The nose of this pawl travels in an annular groove in the side plate, andat each complete revolution of the shaft projects through an opening, 6 (with beveled edges,) in the said plate, and engages with a tooth or notch of disk or wheel D of the next section for a sufficient length of time to impart a partial movement to the shaft E and wheelU of the latter to the extent of one number. The springpawl e, as the-shaft E of the first section rotates, is forced by cams or inclines out of contact with the wheel D of the second section and held out of contact therewith until the shaft of the first section has made another complete revo- 7o lution. Other devices, however, may be used for thesame purpose without departing from my invention.
As I have said, my register has been designed more particularly for use for indicating and registering cash sales in stores, and for this purpose I mount the register in the surface of a counter, desk, or table, 0, Fig. 13, so as to be flush, or nearly so, with the top thereof, in a position convenient for the salesman to register andindieate the sales, by pressing on the buttons or keys above described, and convenient also for the buyer to see that the indication is correct, by examining the numbers through the opening or open ings a in the top of the case.
This sales-indicator, it may be observed, is a structure independent of the structure of the desk, counter, or table, and is removable therefrom.
By constructing the register in the manner described, and arranging it in the surface of the counter, desk, or table, the handling of goods or various'other articles on the surface of such counter is not interfered with.
I claim as my invention- 1. A sales-indicating apparatus adapted to be placed in the surface of a counter, desk, or table, and having sliding number-plates, aseries of operating-keys for each number-plate, and an opening in the surface of the apparatus to show the numbers on the plates, substantially as set forth.
2. Aregistering and indicating device comprising a case, a series of sliding numberplates, springs to operate the same, and a number of locking and releasing keys for each number-plate, substantially as set forth.
3. A registering device comprising a casing, a series of sliding number-plates,and operating-springs, with a locking and releasing key for each nu tuber-plate and a locking-bolt for the keys.
4. A registering device comprising a case, aseries of .sliding number-plates, and operatingsprings, with a number of looking and releasing keys for each number-plate, and de vices, substantially as deseribed,for returning the plates and other parts to their normal positions.
5. A registering and indicating device adapted to be placed in the surface of a table, desk, or counter, and having rows of operating-keys on its surface, sliding number-plates, and an opening in the surface of the case through which the numbers on the plates can be inspected.
(i. The combination of the case, the sliding number-plate having a notch, b, and shoulder N, with a retainer, G, and a series of keys adapted to release the retainer and at the same time to come into the path of the shoulder b of the number-plate, substantially as set forth.
7. The combination of the ease, sliding number-plate having a notch and shoulder, and an operating-spring with a retainer to engage with the notch of the number-plate, pivoted levers to act on the retainer, and a series of keys to act on the levers and form stops to engage with the shoulder on the numher-plate.
S. The combination of the case. sliding i'lumber-platc, and operating-spring with locking and releasing keys having beveled catches k, and a notched locking-bolt, I, having a shoulder, j, and projection j, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.
9. The combination of the sliding numberplate, operating-spring, and locking and releasing key with lockingbolts for the keys and catches to retain the locking-bolt, substantially as described.
10. The combination of the sliding numberplates having racks on their under sides and locking and releasing keys therefor with gearwheels to engage with the number-plates and spiral Springs to operate the said wheels when the number-plates are released, substantially as set forth.
11. The combination of the rack, numberplates, locking and releasing keys therefor, and gear-wheels with a rack-bar, N, a pinion connected to the gear-wheel, and an operatingspring, substantially as set forth.
12. The combination of the rack numberplates, locking and releasing keys therefor, and a locking-bar for the keys with a gearwheel, operating spring and pinion, and a rack-bar engaging with the pinion,and having a pimp, to act on the locking-bar for thekeys and return it to its normal position when the other parts are pulled back.
13. The combination of the number-plates and locking and releasing keys and operatingsprings with a rack-bar, M, to return the parts to their normal positions, a pawl on the case, and an automaticratchetbar carried by the bar M, to be thrown into engagement with the pawl as the said bar M is drawn back, substantially as described.
14. The combination of the retnrn-bar M, having a stem adapted to have asliding movement therein, and having a pin, a, and a spring with a rotary ratchet-bar, R, having a triangular recess, 0', and a pawl carried by the case, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.
15. The combination of the return-bar and rotary ratchet-bar Rnnounted therein, apawl upon the case, and a lever, L,having an arm, Z, adapted to partially rotate the said bar It to disengage its teeth from the pawl, substantially as specified.
16. The combination of the return-bars M, having stems and fingers a, with a sliding cross-piece, (g, as and for the purpose specitied.
17. The combination of an indicator having sliding nun'ibenplates, operating-springs,and locking and releasing keys for each numberplate with registering-dials adapted to be operated from the sliding number-plates, sub stantially as set forth.
18. The combination of the sliding numberplates and wheels geared thereto and a series ofoperating'keys for each number-plate with shafts E, carrying ratchet-wheels having a pawl-connection with the gear-wheel, and an indicating-wheel, also carried by the shalt, substantially as set forth.
19. The combination of the sliding numberplates and operating-s 'n'ings and locking and releasing keys with a wheel geared to the number plates, an indicating-wheel controlled by the said gear-wheel, and dials to be operated by the indicating-wheels, substantially as set forth.
20. A registering and indicating apparatus adapted to be placed. in the surface of a connter, desk, or table,and having rows of operating-keys, number-plates, and an opening in the surface of the case to show the numbers, registering dials operated by the numberplates, and a removable box carrying theregistering-dials, all substantially as set forth.
In testimony whereof I have signed my name to this specification in the presence of two subscribing witnesses.
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2969181A (en) * 1961-01-24 gubelmann

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2969181A (en) * 1961-01-24 gubelmann

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