US3688259A - Traffic signals having annular colored illuminated tube around each signal lens - Google Patents

Traffic signals having annular colored illuminated tube around each signal lens Download PDF

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Publication number
US3688259A
US3688259A US3688259DA US3688259A US 3688259 A US3688259 A US 3688259A US 3688259D A US3688259D A US 3688259DA US 3688259 A US3688259 A US 3688259A
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lens
box
tube
color
light
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Marcel Rebillt
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Marcel Rebillt
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Priority to FR7006682A priority Critical patent/FR2042072A5/fr
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Publication of US3688259A publication Critical patent/US3688259A/en
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08GTRAFFIC CONTROL SYSTEMS
    • G08G1/00Traffic control systems for road vehicles
    • G08G1/09Arrangements for giving variable traffic instructions
    • G08G1/095Traffic lights
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21WINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASSES F21K, F21L, F21S and F21V, RELATING TO USES OR APPLICATIONS OF LIGHTING DEVICES OR SYSTEMS
    • F21W2111/00Use or application of lighting devices or systems for signalling, marking or indicating, not provided for in codes F21W2102/00 – F21W2107/00
    • F21W2111/02Use or application of lighting devices or systems for signalling, marking or indicating, not provided for in codes F21W2102/00 – F21W2107/00 for roads, paths or the like

Abstract

A traffic light has superposed red, yellow and green lenses, each of which is surrounded by an annular illuminated tube that glows in a color that contrasts with the color of the lens, e.g., white.

Description

United States Patent Rebillt Aug. 29, 1972 [541 TRAFFIC SIGNALS HAVING ANNULAR COLORED ILLUMINATED TUBE AROUND EACH SIGNAL LENS Inventor: Marcel Rebillt, 167, Avenue Felix- Faure, Lyon 3E, France Filed: Feb. 23, 1971 Appl. No.: 118,132

Foreign Application Priority Data Feb. 25, 1970 France ..7006682 US. Cl. ..340/1l2 R, 340/84 R Int. Cl. .,...B60q l/00 Field of Search ..340/112 R, 84 R [56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS Dl03,155 2/1937 Koeber ..340/l12 X 1,311,662 7/1919 McKeever ..340/112 2,190,035 2/1940 Loungway ..340/1l2 Primary Examiner-l-larold I. Pitts Attorney-Young & Thompson [57] ABSTRACT A traffic light has superposed red, yellow and green lenses, each of which is surrounded by an annular illuminated tube that glows in a color that contrasts with the color of the lens, e.g., white.

2 Claims, 3 Drawing Figures TRAFFIC SIGNALS HAVING ANNULAR COLORED ILLUMINATED TUBE AROUND EACH SIGNAL LENS The present invention relates to trafiic lights, more particularly of the type that are relatively fixed and emplaced along streets, particularly at the intersections thereof, to signal and/or control vehicular traffic.

Such fixed traffic lights are usually of the type having a disc-shaped lens surmounted by a shield which pro- 1 tects them to some extent from weather and shields them during the day from ambient light.

If on a dark night a stationary observer may easily see traffic lights when they are set off by themselves, it is quite otherwise when the lights are themselves surrounded by variously illuminated objects or fixed or movable lights of various colors. Moreover, if the ob-' server himself is in a moving vehicle among other moving vehicles, the task of distinguishing among the numerous lights creates the risk that he will not see the traffic light in time, and this possibility is increased by bad weather, smoke, noise and other distracting influences. Also, by day, sunshine often renders it difficult to discern the traffic lights.

Furthermore, it is often difficult for a driver to find the traffic light in time to obey it, as for example when he rounds a corner; and to avoid this difficulty, lighted signals warning of the approach of the traffic light are often set up a distance sufficiently far in advance of the traffic light. These warning lights, however, suffer from the same disadvantages as the traffic lights themselves: if they are not illuminated, then they tend to be invisible at night; but if on the other hand they are illuminated, then they suffer from the disadvantages listed above.

According to the present invention, traflic lights are rendered more visible by conjoining them with a second light of a contrasting color or white, preferably by surrounding them with an annulus of this contrastingly colored light.

Accordingly, it is an object of the present invention to provide traffic lights whose visibility is greatly improved and which will be seen by the operators of motor vehicles at the earliest possible moment.

Another object of the present invention is the provision of traffic lights which will be relatively simple and inexpensive to manufacture and that can be installed, maintained, operated and repaired with a maximum of facility and a minimum of expense.

Other features, objects and advantages of the present invention will become apparent from the following description, taken in connection with the accompanying drawing, in which:

FIG. 1 is an elevational view of a single-light trafiic light according to the present invention;

FIG. 2 is a view similar to FIG. 1 but showing a threelight traffic light according to the present invention; and

FIG. 3 is a view similar to FIG. 2 but showing the yellow light illuminated in a continuous or flashing manner as a caution signal.

Referring now to the drawing in greater detail, and first to the embodiment of FIG. 1, there is shown a traffic light generally indicated at 1 and detachably secured by conventional straps 3 to a supporting pole 5 by which it is elevated relative to the street it borders.

Light 1 comprises the conventional box 7 the front of which is closed by a lens 9 which may for example be red as a stop signal, yellow as a caution signal, or green as a go signal. A conventional visor 11 extends forwardly from box 7 above, lens 9, to shield lens 9 from the elements and to increase the visibility of lens 9 when lighted.

Traffic light 1 is thus fixed in position, although it will be understood that the term fixed" as used herein includes traffic lights that are suspended from wires or otherwise resiliently mounted.

The invention is practiced in connection with the embodiment of FIG. 1, by supplying an annular transparent or translucent glass tube 13 in the form of neon tubing or the like, having a rare gas or the like inside which, when connected in electrical circuit, will glow with a light whose color depends on the nature of the gas in the tube. Such annular tubes are well known in the lighting art and need not be further described.

Sufiice it to say that whatever the color of tube 13, it will be a different color from that of lens 9, or white, so that a contrast will be achieved between lens 9 and tube 13 when both are illuminated. Conventional electrical circuitry (not shown) can be supplied to the light behind lens 9 and to tube 13, to illuminate them simultaneously or selectively, continuously or in a flashing manner or according to a timed cycle. I

FIG. 2 shows a conventional three-lens traffic light 1', comprised by a vertically elongated box 7', the red lens 15 being at the top, the yellow lens 17 being in the middle, and the green lens 19 being at the bottom. Tubes 13 surround each of the lenses 15, 17 and 19 and are of contrasting colors or white. As before, the tubes 13 may be simultaneously illuminated, or continuously illuminated, or illuminated only with their associated lens, or in a flashing manner, or according to the same or a different timed cycle as their associated lens.-

FIG. 3 shows the same structure as in FIG. 2, with the yellow or middle lens illuminated as a caution light, continuously or in a flashing manner, the red and the green lenses being dark. The tube 13 associated with lens 17 is illuminated and the tubes 13 associated with the lenses 15 and 19 may also be illuminated if desired.

From a consideration of the foregoing disclosure, therefore, it will be evident that all of the initially recited objects of the present invention have been achieved.

Although the present invention has been described and illustrated in connection with preferred embodiments, it is to be understood that modifications and variations may be resorted to without departing from the spirit of the invention, as those skilled in this art will readily understand. Such modifications and variations are considered to be within the purview and scope of the present invention as defined by' the appended claims.

Having described my invention, I claim:

1. A fixed traffic light comprising a box and three superposed lenses on the front of the box, the top lens being red, the middle lens being yellow, and the bottom lens being green, an illuminable annular tube surrounding each lens, said tube when illuminable glowing with a color different from the color of the lens it surrounds, and means detachably securing said box to a fixed support.

2. A traffic light as claimed in claim 1, and three visors carried by said box, one extending over each said lens and tube.

Patent NO. 3,688,259 Dated August 29, 1972 Inventor(s) Marcel Rebillet C It is certified that error appears in the abbve-identified patent and that said Letters Patent are hereby corrected as shown below:

On the cover sheet [72] "Rebill t" should read Rebillet.

Signed and sealed this 1st day of May l97 3.

(SEAL) Attest:

EDWARD M.FLETCHER',JR. ROBERT GOTTSCHALK Attesting Officer 7 Commislsionerof Patents '2 1 I tRM PO 10:0 \H v l JSCOMM-DC 6O376-P59 u.s GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE 1969 0-366334.

Claims (2)

1. A fixed traffic light comprising a box and three superposed lenses on the front of the box, the top lens being red, the middle lens being yellow, and the bottom lens being green, an illuminable annular tube surrounding each lens, said tube when illuminable glowing with a color different from the color of the lens it surrounds, and means detachably securing said box to a fixed support.
2. A traffic light as claimed in claim 1, and three visors carried by said box, one extending over each said lens and tube.
US3688259D 1970-02-25 1971-02-23 Traffic signals having annular colored illuminated tube around each signal lens Expired - Lifetime US3688259A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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FR7006682A FR2042072A5 (en) 1970-02-25 1970-02-25

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BE (1) BE763025A (en)
CH (1) CH526825A (en)
DE (1) DE2107711A1 (en)
FR (1) FR2042072A5 (en)

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3895345A (en) * 1973-08-02 1975-07-15 Belmar Electronics Corp Traffic signal apparatus
US4839647A (en) * 1988-02-08 1989-06-13 Patterson R Gordon Illuminated traffic signal for color blind persons
US4858082A (en) * 1988-05-03 1989-08-15 Walter Hayward Emergency light system
US5408232A (en) * 1993-03-25 1995-04-18 Industrial Technology Research Institute Traffic signal device with interchangeable lamps
US5775801A (en) * 1996-01-26 1998-07-07 Mccain Traffic Supply, Inc. Neon traffic signal
FR2783592A1 (en) * 1998-09-18 2000-03-24 Michel Lahire Traffic lights adapted to people with red-green color blindness
US6155694A (en) * 1998-04-16 2000-12-05 Whelen Engineering Company, Inc. Composite warning light with emission pattern matching
GB2376126A (en) * 2001-06-02 2002-12-04 Edmund Campbell D Olier Lees Traffic control signals
WO2003088180A1 (en) * 2002-04-08 2003-10-23 Madanat Azmie K Traffic signal electric lamp assembly
US20050088319A1 (en) * 2000-07-25 2005-04-28 Madanat Azmie K. Traffic signal electric lamp assembly

Families Citing this family (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2222606B1 (en) * 1973-03-19 1977-02-04 Silec Liaisons Elec
DE3139849C2 (en) * 1981-10-07 1990-01-04 Licentia Patent-Verwaltungs-Gmbh, 6000 Frankfurt, De
DE19752016A1 (en) * 1997-11-24 1998-09-24 Wilfried Moselt Road traffic signal lights with improved visibility in sunlight

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1311662A (en) * 1919-07-29 mckeever
US2190035A (en) * 1938-01-12 1940-02-13 Arthur M Loungway Traffic signal

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1311662A (en) * 1919-07-29 mckeever
US2190035A (en) * 1938-01-12 1940-02-13 Arthur M Loungway Traffic signal

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3895345A (en) * 1973-08-02 1975-07-15 Belmar Electronics Corp Traffic signal apparatus
US4839647A (en) * 1988-02-08 1989-06-13 Patterson R Gordon Illuminated traffic signal for color blind persons
US4858082A (en) * 1988-05-03 1989-08-15 Walter Hayward Emergency light system
US5408232A (en) * 1993-03-25 1995-04-18 Industrial Technology Research Institute Traffic signal device with interchangeable lamps
US5775801A (en) * 1996-01-26 1998-07-07 Mccain Traffic Supply, Inc. Neon traffic signal
US6155694A (en) * 1998-04-16 2000-12-05 Whelen Engineering Company, Inc. Composite warning light with emission pattern matching
FR2783592A1 (en) * 1998-09-18 2000-03-24 Michel Lahire Traffic lights adapted to people with red-green color blindness
EP1001209A1 (en) * 1998-09-18 2000-05-17 Michel Lahire Traffic or other signal lamps suitable for being perceived by colour blind persons
US20050088319A1 (en) * 2000-07-25 2005-04-28 Madanat Azmie K. Traffic signal electric lamp assembly
GB2376126A (en) * 2001-06-02 2002-12-04 Edmund Campbell D Olier Lees Traffic control signals
WO2003088180A1 (en) * 2002-04-08 2003-10-23 Madanat Azmie K Traffic signal electric lamp assembly

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BE763025A1 (en)
DE2107711A1 (en) 1972-08-31
BE763025A (en) 1971-07-16
CH526825A (en) 1972-08-15
FR2042072A5 (en) 1971-02-05

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