US3680549A - Spiral orthosis for the lower extremity - Google Patents

Spiral orthosis for the lower extremity Download PDF

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US3680549A
US3680549A US3680549DA US3680549A US 3680549 A US3680549 A US 3680549A US 3680549D A US3680549D A US 3680549DA US 3680549 A US3680549 A US 3680549A
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wearer
orthosis
footplate
leg
portion
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Hans R Lehneis
Jack D Pounders
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Research Corp
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Research Corp
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F5/00Orthopaedic methods or devices for non-surgical treatment of bones or joints; Nursing devices; Anti-rape devices
    • A61F5/01Orthopaedic devices, e.g. splints, casts or braces
    • A61F5/0102Orthopaedic devices, e.g. splints, casts or braces specially adapted for correcting deformities of the limbs or for supporting them; Ortheses, e.g. with articulations
    • A61F5/0104Orthopaedic devices, e.g. splints, casts or braces specially adapted for correcting deformities of the limbs or for supporting them; Ortheses, e.g. with articulations without articulation
    • A61F5/0111Orthopaedic devices, e.g. splints, casts or braces specially adapted for correcting deformities of the limbs or for supporting them; Ortheses, e.g. with articulations without articulation for the feet or ankles

Abstract

An orthosis device for the lower extremity having a footplate and a horizontal calf-encircling band interconnected by a spiral portion extending from the medial side of the plate, posteriorly around the leg to terminate at the level of the medial tibial condyle.

Description

United States Patent Lehneis et a1.

[451 Aug. 1, 1972 [54] SPIRAL ORTHOSIS FOR THE LOWER FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS 705,564 3/1965 Canada ..3/l

OTHER PUBLICATIONS Orthopadische Technik, by G. Holmann, Pub. Ferdinand Enke, Stuttgart, 1941, p. 144.

Orthopedic Appliances, by H. R. Jordan, Oxford Univ. Press, 1939, p. 176.

Plastic Splints & Appliances by W. Herschel] et al., The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery, 1948, pp. 198- 308.

Primary Examiner-Richard A. Gaudet Assistant Examiner-J. Yasko Attorney-Stowell & Stowell [57] ABSTRACT An orthosis device for the lower extremity having a footplate and a horizontal calf-encircling band interconnected by a spiral portion extending from the medial side of the plate, posteriorly around the leg to terminate at the level of the medial tibial condyle.

10 Claims, 2 Drawing Figures PATENTEDAUG H972 /NVENTOR HANS R LEHNE/S JACK 0. POUNDERS A T TORNE Y5 SPIRAL ORTI-IOSIS FOR THE LOWER EXTREMITY BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION This invention relates generally to orthotic management of lower extremity disabilities and more particularly to orthosis devices adapted for use with disabilities involving lack of motor power in the ankle-foot complex.

Orthotics involving braces for the lower extremity have been known in the art for some time. The design of conventional braces has not undergone any basic change in more than a century other than changes adapted to make use of modern materials such as aluminum or stainless steel. One of the major disadvantages of the present art in orthotic is that it has been empirically derived rather than being based on an analysis and the requirements of human locomotion. Prior art orthotics has furthermore been over designed to prevent breakage which, in most cases, has been found to be a result of poor fitting and/or poor alignment. Prior art braces have poor cosmetic appearance and are therefore considerably heavier than need be, as their function and alignment are far from being analogous to those of a normally functioning extremity.

Although some attempts have been made in recent years to overcome the disadvantages of the prior art braces, none of the suggested designs provides an orthosis which is aligned and functions analogous to the normally functioning extremity. Although a dual axis brace has been developed at the Biomechanics Laboratory of the University of California at San Francisco to add another degree of freedom to conventional braces by permitting subtalar motion in addition to ankle motion, the device involves greater mechanical complexity and additional bulk. Furthermore, the cosmetic appeal of such braces is not thereby improved.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION This invention provides an orthosis for lower extremities which avoids the disadvantages of the prior art by furnishing a multi-axis brace which functions in a manner nearly analogous to that of a normally functioning extremity.

The invention also furnishes a multi-axis brace which is simple, lightweight and has greater cosmetic appeal than those of the prior art by providing an orthosis which utilizes the engineering principles of the spiral helix to achieve multi-axis motion similar to the motion of a normally functioning extremity.

In a preferred embodiment the invention provides an orthosis including a footplate fitting the sole of the foot; a resilient spiral portion extending upwardly from the medial side of the footplate, posteriorly around the leg and terminating at the level of the medial tibial condyle; and a band encircling the leg for fixing the upper terminus of the spiral portion to the leg.

These and other objects and many of the attendant advantages of this invention will become better un- FIG. 2 is a side elevational view of the orthosis of FIG. 1.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT In the figures, the device, indicated generally at 10, is shown installed on the lower extremity of a leg, shown in phantom at 12.

The device comprises a footplate 14, an upwardly extending spiral portion 16 with a horizontal band or cuff 18 at the upper end thereof. The footplate 14 is preferably formed as an integral part of the spiral portion 16 with the band 18, connected by means of fasteners such as rivets 20. The band is openable on one side thereof and may be provided with an openable fastener such as a snap fastener 22 to provide means to close the band 18 and encircle the leg 12 for fixing the upper part of the device. Obviously other means, such for example, as a horizontal continuation of the spiral portion with a lateral opening for donning and removing the device, may be provided to fix the upper portion of the device if so desired.

The footplate l4 and spiral portion 16 are preferably constructed of a heat formable plastic material which has strength and resiliency properties suitable for the purpose as will be described below. As an example, a thermoplastic material such as an acrylic-nylon marketed under the trademark F LEXIDUR by the Rhoem and Haas Company of Darmstadt, Germany, has been found to be suitable for the purpose of this invention. Where the device is to be fabricated with the band 18, a material 2 to 2.5 mm in thickness is sufficient for the purposes of the invention. If the device is fabricated with a continuation of the spiral portion 16 constituting means to fix the upper portion of the device, material 4 mm in thickness may be required. The device is preferably fabricated and provided to the orthotist in two components, e. g., the footplate l4 spiral portion 16, with the spiral portion 16 preferably in a straight,

' unspiraled configuration, and the band 18. The

derstood to those skilled in the art by reference to the following detailed description when viewed in light of the accompanying drawing.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a front elevational view of an orthosis in accordance with the invention; and

orthotist then fits the components to the individual wearer preferably by leg cast, heating and forming the spiral portion on the cast, cutting the components to the proper lengths and connecting the components with the rivets 20. With the device 10 properly formed to fit the leg 12, the footplate is placed under the foot 24 with the portion 16 extending up the medial side thereof, passing around the leg 10 posteriorly and terminating approximately at the level of the medial tibial condyle. The band 18, preferably formed of a flexible plastic or fabric material compatible with the use, then encircles the calf portion of the leg.

The footplate I4 is preferably formed to fit the sole of the foot 24 and is shaped around the periphery thereof, to be accomodated in the shoe of the wearer such that, after donning the device, the wearer may then dress in the usual fashion.

The spiral portion functions both as a support and as a resilient member actuating device and, as such, represents a new concept which obviates the need for metallic joints in the brace yet provides controlled motions in all of the natural planes, e. g., adapting to transverse rotation as well as to motions in the frontal and sagittal planes. Studies made of normal human locomotion reveal that, in addition to ankle motion, transverse rotation of the limb and eversion and inversion are important components of the motion in a normally functioning extremity. Normal transverse rotation, for example, may be considerable consisting of about 23 relative rotation between the foot and the pelvis. The spiral portion, when loaded and unloaded, provides motions analogous to each of the above. Specifically, with the brace donned by the wearer, the motions accomplished by the brace during the normal stride are as follows:

a. Upon heel contact, upward force induces unwinding of the spiral portion 16 providing simultaneous plantar flexion and transverse rotation of the limb.

b. In midstance the spiral 14 rewinds returning the foot to a neutral position.

c. In the heel-off-the-ground position, the spiral again unwinds thereby providing for dorsiflexion.

d. In the swing phase of gait, the brace is unloaded,

rewinds and the foot is returned again to the neutralv position. Eversion-inversion of the ankle is controlled through the three point contact inherent in the spiral portion 16 as it circles the lower leg. As is seen, the total motion imparted to the extremity resembles that of a normally functioning extremity thereby providing an orthosis which can be designed close to the required strength. Both the weight, complexity and bulk of the device may therefore be kept to a minimum providing, not only a better functioning orthosis, but one which is lighter and has greater cosmetic appeal than heretofore possible.

What has been set forth above is intended to be exemplary of a teaching in accordance with the invention to enable those skilled in the art to practice the inventron.

What is new and desired to be protected by Letters Patent of the United States is:

1. An orthosis for the lower extremity comprising: a footplate adapted to accommodate the sole of the foot of the wearer; a one-piece elongated resilient spiral portion integrally fixed to and non-articulatively extending from the medial side of said footplate, said elongated portion being configured in a spiral helix to extend around the leg of a wearer posteriorly terminating in an upper end at the level of the medial tibial condyle whereby motion occurs along the entire length of the elongated spiral portion during normal human locomotion; and means to fix the upper end of said resilient portion to the leg of a wearer.

2. An orthosis as described in claim 1 wherein said footplate and resilient portion comprise integrally formed thermoplastic.

3. An orthosis as described in claim 2 wherein said thermoplastic comprises an acrylic-nylon material.

4. An orthosis as described in claim 1 wherein said footplate is molded to generally conform to the sole of the foot of the wearer.

5. An orthosis as described in claim 1 wherein said resilient portion comprises:

a flat strip of material molded to conform to the leg of the wearer.

6. An orthosis as described in claim 1 wherein said means to fix the upper end of said resilient portion comprises a flexible band attached to the upper end thereof and positioned to encircle the calf of the leg of l si rthosis as described in claim 6 wherein said band is split and wherein means are disposed therein to close said band around the leg of the wearer.

8. A component for use in orthosis for the lower extremity comprising: a footplate adapted to fit the sole of the foot of the wearer; and a one-piece elongated resilient spiral portion integrally fixed to and non-articulatively extending from one side of said footplate, at least said elongated portion comprising a formable material configured in a resilient spiral helix adapted to encircle the leg of a wearer and extend at least to the level of the medial tibial condyle whereby motion occurs along the entire length of the elongated spiral portion during normal human locomotion and means to fix the upper end of said resilient portion to the leg of a wearer.

9. A component in accordance with claim 8 wherein said footplate and resilient portion comprise an integrally molded thermoplastic material.

10. A component in accordance with claim 8 wherein said footplate and resilient portion are adapted to be subsequently formed to conform to the configuration of the extremity of the individual wearer.

Claims (10)

1. An orthosis for the lower extremity comprising: a footplate adapted to accommodate the sole of the foot of the wearer; a onepiece elongated resilient spiral portion integrally fixed to and non-articulatively extending from the medial side of said footplate, said elongated portion being configured in a spiral helix to extend around the leg of a wearer posteriorly terminating in an upper end at the level of the medial tibial condyle whereby motion occurs along the entire length of the elongated spiral portion during normal human locomotion; and means to fix the upper end of said resilient portion to the leg of a wearer.
2. An orthosis as described in claim 1 wherein said footplate and resilient portion comprise integrally formed thermoplastic.
3. An orthosis as described in claim 2 wherein said thermoplastic comprises an acrylic-nylon material.
4. An orthosis as described in claim 1 wherein said footplate is molded to generally conform to the sole of the foot of the wearer.
5. An orthosis as described in claim 1 wherein said resilient portion comprises: a flat strip of material molded to conform to the leg of the wearer.
6. An orthosis as described in claim 1 wherein said means to fix the upper end of said resilient portion comprises a flexible band attached to the upper end thereof and positioned to encircle the calf of the leg of the wearer.
7. An orthosis as described in claim 6 wherein said band is split and wherein means are disposed therein to close said band around the leg of the wearer.
8. A component for use in orthosis for the lower extremity comprising: a footplate adapted to fit the sole of the foot of the wearer; and a one-piece elongated resilient spiral portion integrally fixed to and non-articulatively extending from one side of said footplate, at least said elongated portion comprising a formable material configured in a resilient spiral helix adapted to encircle the leg of a wearer and extend at least to the level of the medial tibial condyle whereby motion occurs along the entire length of the elongated spiral portion during normal human locomotion and means to fix the upper end of said resilient portion to the leg of a wearer.
9. A component in accordance with claim 8 wherein said footplate and resilient portion comprise an integrally molded thermoplastic material.
10. A component in accordance with claim 8 wherein said footplate and resilient portion are adapted to be subsequently formed to conform to the configuration of the extremity of the individual wearer.
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Cited By (28)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3812851A (en) * 1972-11-21 1974-05-28 P Rodriguez I. v. arm rest and support
US3827430A (en) * 1973-01-04 1974-08-06 M Fadden Orthopedic brace
US4289122A (en) * 1979-04-23 1981-09-15 Mason Randy D F Ankle-foot orthosis
US4306549A (en) * 1979-02-01 1981-12-22 Canie Joseph G Splint-cast
US4557258A (en) * 1983-10-20 1985-12-10 Ray-Mcconnell, Inc. Proximal tibial cuff
US4674487A (en) * 1985-07-29 1987-06-23 Schaeffer Michael A Knuckle guard
EP0313487A1 (en) * 1987-10-21 1989-04-26 Michel Bertheas Device adapted for the treatment of sprains especially ankle sprains as well as the prevention of some of their complications
FR2622101A1 (en) * 1987-10-21 1989-04-28 Bertheas Michel Device suitable for treating sprains, in particular ankle sprains, as well as for preventing some of their complications
US4922895A (en) * 1984-12-03 1990-05-08 Andrew Chong Orthosis for metatarsus adductus
US5022391A (en) * 1989-06-05 1991-06-11 Weidenburner William K Knee orthosis
FR2753369A1 (en) * 1996-09-19 1998-03-20 Rothschild S Orthopedics natural foot orthosis
US5971945A (en) * 1997-12-19 1999-10-26 Garris; Cynthia G. Ulnar support splint
US6142965A (en) * 1997-02-25 2000-11-07 Mathewson; Paul R. Variably adjustable bi-directional derotation bracing system
WO2001068010A2 (en) * 2000-03-14 2001-09-20 Henrik Spang Andersen An ankle-foot orthosis and a method for making the same
US20040068215A1 (en) * 2002-10-08 2004-04-08 Jeremy Adelson Osteoarthritis knee brace apparatus and method
WO2005034819A1 (en) * 2003-09-22 2005-04-21 University Of Maryland, Baltimore Lower leg orthosis
US20050124464A1 (en) * 2003-12-08 2005-06-09 Priore Allan T. Dynamic gauntlet and related method of use
US20080300525A1 (en) * 2007-06-04 2008-12-04 Yaad Advanced Orthopedics Ltd Ankle Foot Orthosis Device
US7473236B1 (en) 1997-02-25 2009-01-06 Mathewson Paul R Variably adjustable bi-directional derotation bracing system
US20090198166A1 (en) * 2007-06-04 2009-08-06 Ya'ad Advanced Orthopedics Ltd. Ankle Foot Orthosis
WO2009139019A1 (en) * 2008-05-15 2009-11-19 Diego Dolcetta Ankle foot orthosis for counteracting the supination/pronation of the foot
DE102008034750A1 (en) * 2008-07-24 2010-02-04 Otto Bock Healthcare Gmbh joint insert
US20110218466A1 (en) * 2008-11-06 2011-09-08 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. Walking assistance device
US20140005585A1 (en) * 2010-06-21 2014-01-02 Under Armour, Inc. Foot Support Article
WO2014091171A1 (en) * 2012-12-14 2014-06-19 Caussé Benoît Orthopaedic device for a lower limb of a human, footwear and prosthesis provided with such a device
DE202014104234U1 (en) * 2014-09-08 2015-12-09 Frank Friedrich Gröhninger Orthosis and system for support of the foot
US20160081839A1 (en) * 2014-09-19 2016-03-24 SpringStep AFO, Inc. Ankle-Foot Orthosis and Method of Manufacture
EP2914218A4 (en) * 2012-10-31 2016-07-13 3D Systems Inc Spiral brace

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2516253A (en) * 1947-02-14 1950-07-25 Adrian J Pieterick Orthopedic brace
US2949111A (en) * 1958-09-23 1960-08-16 Ruotoistenmaki Veikko Samuli Drop-foot brace
US3171407A (en) * 1962-11-30 1965-03-02 Ortho Aide Inc Orthopedic foot brace
CA705564A (en) * 1965-03-16 Ruhrchemie Aktiengesellschaft Orthopedic articles and appliances of polyethylene

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CA705564A (en) * 1965-03-16 Ruhrchemie Aktiengesellschaft Orthopedic articles and appliances of polyethylene
US2516253A (en) * 1947-02-14 1950-07-25 Adrian J Pieterick Orthopedic brace
US2949111A (en) * 1958-09-23 1960-08-16 Ruotoistenmaki Veikko Samuli Drop-foot brace
US3171407A (en) * 1962-11-30 1965-03-02 Ortho Aide Inc Orthopedic foot brace

Non-Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
Orthopadische Technik, by G. Holmann, Pub. Ferdinand Enke, Stuttgart, 1941, p. 144. *
Orthopedic Appliances, by H. R. Jordan, Oxford Univ. Press, 1939, p. 176. *
Plastic Splints & Appliances by W. Herschell et al., The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery, 1948, pp. 198 308. *

Cited By (42)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3812851A (en) * 1972-11-21 1974-05-28 P Rodriguez I. v. arm rest and support
US3827430A (en) * 1973-01-04 1974-08-06 M Fadden Orthopedic brace
US4306549A (en) * 1979-02-01 1981-12-22 Canie Joseph G Splint-cast
US4289122A (en) * 1979-04-23 1981-09-15 Mason Randy D F Ankle-foot orthosis
US4557258A (en) * 1983-10-20 1985-12-10 Ray-Mcconnell, Inc. Proximal tibial cuff
US4922895A (en) * 1984-12-03 1990-05-08 Andrew Chong Orthosis for metatarsus adductus
US4674487A (en) * 1985-07-29 1987-06-23 Schaeffer Michael A Knuckle guard
EP0313487A1 (en) * 1987-10-21 1989-04-26 Michel Bertheas Device adapted for the treatment of sprains especially ankle sprains as well as the prevention of some of their complications
FR2622101A1 (en) * 1987-10-21 1989-04-28 Bertheas Michel Device suitable for treating sprains, in particular ankle sprains, as well as for preventing some of their complications
US5022391A (en) * 1989-06-05 1991-06-11 Weidenburner William K Knee orthosis
US6146349A (en) * 1996-09-19 2000-11-14 Rothschild's Orthopedics Natural foot orthosis and method of manufacturing the same
FR2753369A1 (en) * 1996-09-19 1998-03-20 Rothschild S Orthopedics natural foot orthosis
US6142965A (en) * 1997-02-25 2000-11-07 Mathewson; Paul R. Variably adjustable bi-directional derotation bracing system
US7473236B1 (en) 1997-02-25 2009-01-06 Mathewson Paul R Variably adjustable bi-directional derotation bracing system
US5971945A (en) * 1997-12-19 1999-10-26 Garris; Cynthia G. Ulnar support splint
WO2001068010A2 (en) * 2000-03-14 2001-09-20 Henrik Spang Andersen An ankle-foot orthosis and a method for making the same
US6676618B2 (en) 2000-03-14 2004-01-13 Henrik Spang Andersen Ankle-foot orthosis and a method for making the same
WO2001068010A3 (en) * 2000-03-14 2001-11-29 Henrik Spang Andersen An ankle-foot orthosis and a method for making the same
US20040068215A1 (en) * 2002-10-08 2004-04-08 Jeremy Adelson Osteoarthritis knee brace apparatus and method
WO2005034819A1 (en) * 2003-09-22 2005-04-21 University Of Maryland, Baltimore Lower leg orthosis
US20070038169A1 (en) * 2003-09-22 2007-02-15 Dankmeyer, Inc. Lower leg orthosis
US20050124464A1 (en) * 2003-12-08 2005-06-09 Priore Allan T. Dynamic gauntlet and related method of use
US7273463B2 (en) * 2003-12-08 2007-09-25 Priore Allan T Dynamic gauntlet
US8323224B2 (en) 2007-06-04 2012-12-04 Ya'ad Advanced Orthopedics Ltd. Ankle foot orthosis
US20090198166A1 (en) * 2007-06-04 2009-08-06 Ya'ad Advanced Orthopedics Ltd. Ankle Foot Orthosis
US20080300525A1 (en) * 2007-06-04 2008-12-04 Yaad Advanced Orthopedics Ltd Ankle Foot Orthosis Device
WO2009139019A1 (en) * 2008-05-15 2009-11-19 Diego Dolcetta Ankle foot orthosis for counteracting the supination/pronation of the foot
US20110125194A1 (en) * 2008-07-24 2011-05-26 Otto Bock Healthcare Gmbh Articulated insert
DE102008034750A1 (en) * 2008-07-24 2010-02-04 Otto Bock Healthcare Gmbh joint insert
US20110218466A1 (en) * 2008-11-06 2011-09-08 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. Walking assistance device
US8652075B2 (en) * 2008-11-06 2014-02-18 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. Walking assistance device for providing a walking assistance force to a femoral part of a user
US20140005585A1 (en) * 2010-06-21 2014-01-02 Under Armour, Inc. Foot Support Article
US9707119B2 (en) * 2010-06-21 2017-07-18 Under Armour, Inc. Foot support article
US20170281391A1 (en) * 2010-06-21 2017-10-05 Under Armour, Inc. Foot and ankle support article
EP2914218A4 (en) * 2012-10-31 2016-07-13 3D Systems Inc Spiral brace
CN105025850A (en) * 2012-12-14 2015-11-04 B.科塞 Orthopaedic device for a lower limb of a human, footwear and prosthesis provided with such a device
US20150320581A1 (en) * 2012-12-14 2015-11-12 Benoit CAUSSE Orthopaedic device for a lower limb of a human, footwear and prosthesis provided with such a device
FR2999417A1 (en) * 2012-12-14 2014-06-20 Benoit Causse Orthopedic device for a human lower limb and boot equipped with such a device
WO2014091171A1 (en) * 2012-12-14 2014-06-19 Caussé Benoît Orthopaedic device for a lower limb of a human, footwear and prosthesis provided with such a device
EP2992861A1 (en) * 2014-09-08 2016-03-09 Frank Friedrich Gröhninger Orthosis and system for supporting the foot
DE202014104234U1 (en) * 2014-09-08 2015-12-09 Frank Friedrich Gröhninger Orthosis and system for support of the foot
US20160081839A1 (en) * 2014-09-19 2016-03-24 SpringStep AFO, Inc. Ankle-Foot Orthosis and Method of Manufacture

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