US3633663A - Cooling roll - Google Patents

Cooling roll Download PDF

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Publication number
US3633663A
US3633663A US3633663DA US3633663A US 3633663 A US3633663 A US 3633663A US 3633663D A US3633663D A US 3633663DA US 3633663 A US3633663 A US 3633663A
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Prior art keywords
roll
baffle
fluid
end
body
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Expired - Lifetime
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Leonard I Tafel
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Boeing Co
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Boeing Co
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F28HEAT EXCHANGE IN GENERAL
    • F28FDETAILS OF HEAT-EXCHANGE AND HEAT-TRANSFER APPARATUS, OF GENERAL APPLICATION
    • F28F5/00Elements specially adapted for movement
    • F28F5/02Rotary drums or rollers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B41PRINTING; LINING MACHINES; TYPEWRITERS; STAMPS
    • B41FPRINTING MACHINES OR PRESSES
    • B41F23/00Devices for treating the surfaces of sheets, webs, or other articles in connection with printing
    • B41F23/04Devices for treating the surfaces of sheets, webs, or other articles in connection with printing by heat drying, by cooling, by applying powders
    • B41F23/0476Cooling
    • B41F23/0479Cooling using chill rolls
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F28HEAT EXCHANGE IN GENERAL
    • F28FDETAILS OF HEAT-EXCHANGE AND HEAT-TRANSFER APPARATUS, OF GENERAL APPLICATION
    • F28F13/00Arrangements for modifying heat-transfer, e.g. increasing, decreasing
    • F28F13/06Arrangements for modifying heat-transfer, e.g. increasing, decreasing by affecting the pattern of flow of the heat-exchange media
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S165/00Heat exchange
    • Y10S165/135Movable heat exchanger
    • Y10S165/139Fully rotatable
    • Y10S165/156Hollow cylindrical member, e.g. drum
    • Y10S165/159Hollow cylindrical member, e.g. drum with particular flow path or defined fluid chamber, e.g. annulus, spiral

Abstract

A cooling roll for a printing press having a hollow cylindrical roll body and a series of axially spaced baffle members mounted within said body for thoroughly mixing cooling fluid as it passes through the roll body and for directing the flowing fluid against the cylinder walls of the roll body. Each baffle is cup shaped and is disposed within the roll body with the open end of the cup directed downstream of the fluid flow. The end portion and tapered side portions of each cup-shaped baffle are formed with a plurality of flutes which facilitate mixing and directing of the fluid.

Description

United States Patent [72] Inventor Leonard I. Tafel La Grange, Ill. [21] Appl. No. 44,177 [22] Filed June 8, 1970 Patented Jan. 11, 1972 [73] Assignee North American Rockwell Corporation Pittsburgh, Pa.

[54] COOLING ROLL 7 Claims, 3 Drawing Figs.

52 US. Cl 165/89, 34/124,138/38,165/109,165/177 [51] Int. Cl ..F28d 11/02, F281 5/02 Field of Search 165/89, 90, 177,109,174;138/38; /97 D; 122/44 A, A;34/119, 124, 125; 126/410; 62/346 [56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,262,530 11/1941 Hamlink. 138/38 3,058,731 10/1962 Bloom /90 Primary Examiner-Albert W. Davis, Jr. Attorney- Wolfe, Hubbard, Leydig, Voit & Osann Ltd.

ABSTRACT: A cooling roll for a printing press having a hollow cylindrical roll body and a series of axially spaced baffle members mounted within said body for thoroughly mixing cooling fluid as it passes through the roll body and for directing the flowing fluid against the cylinder walls of the roll body. Each baffle is cup shaped and is disposed within the roll body with the open end of the cup directed downstream of the fluid flow. The end portion and tapered side portions of each cupshaped baffle are formed with a plurality of flutes which facilitate mixing and directing of the fluid.

COOLING ROLL DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION The present invention relates generally to heat exchange rolls, and more particularly, to improved cooling rolls for use with a printing press.

In the usual continuous printing operation of the type used for printing on nonabsorbent paper in which a heat setting ink must be used, freshly printed paper is fed from the press through a dryer where it is heated and then over one or more cooling rolls. These rolls usually consist of hollow cylindrical metal shells with rotary unions at each end to permit the passage of a liquid cooling medium such as water through the shell. The water absorbs heat from the roll which, in turn, cools the paper and completes setting of the ink.

In modern high-speed printing equipment some difficulty has been experienced with the efficiency in which the cooling rolls can absorb heat from the moving web of paper. In some cooling rolls, a hot relatively inactive layer of water tends to build up along the wall of the cylinder and cool water from the inlet passes through the cylinder with very little mixing with the hot layer so that the cylinder wall is not greatly cooled. In such systems the inefficiency is shown by the fact that the temperature differential of the water entering the cylinder and that leaving the cylinder is relatively small. In other cooling rolls the cooling fluid is directed along narrow channels or passages adjacent the wall of the cylinder so that all water must pass in close proximity to the cylinder wall. In such apparatus, since the channels through which the fluid is directed make up only a small portion of the internal volume of the cylinder the volume of fluid contained in the cylinder at one time is relatively small. The smaller volume of fluid tends to reach a temperature approaching that of the cylinder before it has passedcompletely through the cylinder. A nonuniform temperature gradient is thereby created along the cylinder length. 7

Accordingly, it is an object of the present invention to provide an improved cooling roll for a printing press which more efficiently cools a moving web of heated paper.

Another object is to provide a cooling roll of the above kind whereby large quantities of cooling fluid may be contained in and passed through the roll without creating an excessively warm relatively stagnant outer layer of fluid adjacent the cylinder wall. More particularly, it is an object to provide a cooling roll which may be nearly completely filled with a cooling fluid and which thoroughly mixes the fluid as it passes through the cylinder so that a steady flow of cool'fluid passes along the entire length of the cylinder wall.

A further object is to provide a cooling roll as characterized above which tends to bleed out air from within the cylinder as it is operated so that the cylinder fills completely with cooling fluid.

Still another object is to provide a cooling roll of the foregoing type which has a simple and economical design and construction.

Other objects and advantages of the invention will become apparent upon reading the following detailed description and upon reference to the drawings in which:

FIG. 1 is a longitudinal section through the axis of a heat exchange roll embodying the present invention with two of the fluid baffles shown in section and two baffles shown unsectioned;

FIG. 2 is an enlarged section taken in the plane of line 2-2 in FIG. 1;

FIG. 3 is an exploded section taken in the plane of line 3-3 in FIG. 2 showing one of the two-part cup-shaped baffles in a disassembled condition.

While the invention is susceptible of various modifications and alternative forms, a specific embodiment thereof has been shown by way of example in the drawings and will herein be described in detail. It should be understood, however, that it is not intended to limit the invention to the particular form dis-- closed but, on the contrary, the intention is to cover all modif|- cations, equivalents and alternatives falling within the spirit and scope of the invention.

Turning now to the drawings, there is shownin FIG. I an illustrative cooling roll assembly 10 embodying'the present invention. The assembly includes a hollow cylindrical roll body 11 suitably mounted for rotation within a frame 12. In the illustrated embodiment, an end closure head 14 having a hollow shaft extension 15 is provided at each end of the roll body 11. The shaft extensions 15 each are rotatably disposed in a'bearing 16 secured in the frame 12.

The roll body 11 may be rotated by a suitable drive means connected with a gear 18 mounted on one of the shaft extensions 15. The illustrated roll is shown rotating in a clockwise direction as viewed from the right-hand end of FIG; I. As is well known inthe art, a continuous web material, such as' hot freshly printed paper,.may be trained about a series of such cooling rolls. Since the roll is power driven the web will proceed atj'a uniform speed through' the entire print, heating and cooling operations.

To cool the roll body, and thus a web traveling about the roll, a continuous flow of a fluid cooling medium, ordinarily water under pressure, is supplied from a'suitable source to a roll inlet tube 20 contained within the hollow shaft extension l5'at one end'of the roll. The cooling fluid passes frornthe inlet tube 20 through the roll body 11 to absorb heat from the body and then passes out an outlet tube 21 contained in the shaft extension 15 at the opposite end of the body. Since the inlet and outlet tubes 20,21 rotate with the driven'rollbody 11 and end heads 14, they are connected to supply and return lines 22, 23. respectively, through conventional rotary couplings or unions 25. The fluid from the outlet pipe 23 may be directedto a refrigerating unit or other conventional heat exchange means and'then redirected to the inlet 22.

In accordance with the present invention, a series of axially spaced baffle members are mounted within the roll body for thoroughly mixing the cooling fluid as itpasses through the body and for directing the fluidlagainst the inner'cylindrical surface of the roll body. In the illustrated embodiment, four cup-shaped baffles 30 are disposed inaxially spaced relation along a threaded tie rod 31 with an open end 32 of each cup directed downstream of the fluid flow. Each baffle in this case has an end portion 34 and outwardly tapered side portions 35 extending therefrom. In FIG. 1, for the purpose of illustration, the two baffles at the outlet side of the roll body are'shown in section, whilethe two baffles at theinlet side are not sectioned. V I

In order to secure the baflles 30 to the tie rod 31 and maintain their spacing, a pair of threaded nuts 36 are provided-on opposite sides of each baffle. To prevent the series of baffles from moving longitudinally within the roll body, a narrow cross rod 38 is secured in perpendicular relation to the tie rod 31 at each end thereof and abuts an internal shoulder 39 formed within the roll body 11. The cross rods 38and tie rod 31 are thereby interposed between the roll body shoulders 39. Since the cross rods 38 are relatively narrow, they do not obstruct the fluid flow.

To facilitate the assembly of the baffles 30 within the roll body 11, the illustrated baffles each are made of a two part construction with each part 30a, 30b being approximately a one-half sector of the bafile cup. As best shown in FIGS. 2 and '3, each part or sector 30a, 30b, has an axial aperture 40 which 30a, 30b, may be readily molded to the desired proportion and shape. The baffles preferably are molded of a'plastic material so that the walls of the finished baffle have a slight resiliency;

The baffles may thereby be formed somewhat larger than the internal diameter of the roll body so that the outer edges of the baffle side portions 35 are biased into firm engagement with the inner cylindrical surface of the roll body 1 1.

In keeping with the invention, to permit the passage of cooling fluid between the baffles and the inner wall surface of the roll body and to facilitate mixing of the fluid as it passes through the roll, the baffles are formedwith a plurality of flutes 41 which extend radially outward along the end portion 34 of each bafile and then longitudinally along the baffle side portion 35. The flutes 41 define a series of uninterrupted passages 42 about the outer surface of the baffle back and side portions. In addition, each flute 41 forms a supplement passageway 44 in the baffle side portion 35 between each of the primary passages 42. ln addition, the flutes 41 in the end portion 34 of the baffle create a recessed central area 45.

The provision of the fluted cup-shaped baffles within the cooling roll has resulted in a significant and unexpected improvement in the efficiency of the cooling roll. Tests have found that the addition of such baffles into a conventional cooling roll, with no other changes being made to the system, resulted in a 60' web temperature drop rather than a 42 drop as observed with the former construction.

While the explanation for this phenomena is not completely understood, tests have indicated that the flow of the fluid through the roll is such as illustrated in FIG. 1. Referring to FIG. 1, cooling fluid enters the roll body from the inlet tube (arrows 50a) and is forced out around the first baffle 30 so that the fluid is in maximum contact with the cylindrical wall of the roll body (arrows 50b). The passages 42, 44 defined by the baffle flutes 41 permit the fluid to flow between the inner surface of the roll body and the outer baffle surface. At the same time, since the roll 11 is rotating, the flutes 41 create a sufficient resistance as to impart a lateral movement in the fluid in the direction of rotation so that the fluid in effect has a helical flow pattern (arrows 500). In addition, as the fluid passes the outermost edge of the baffle 30, it has been found that it then tends to flow toward the center of the roll body in a tightening helical manner (arrows 50c) and towards the central recessed area 45 of the next downstream baffle. The flow of the fluid into the recessed area 45 creates a counterflow or back turbulence which thoroughly mixes the fluid (arrows 50d). The fluid will then continue its flow past the next baffle. Thus, it will be seen that the fluid is thoroughly mixed as it passes through the roll so that a hot relatively inactive layer of fluid cannot build up along the inner wall of the cylinder.

Moreover, it has been found that when operation of the cooling roll is begun and fluid is introduced into the roll, since the baffles 30 tend to distribute the fluid to the cylinder wall of the roll body as it passes the baffles, air within the roll tends to accumulate in the center of the cylinder. This air will bleed out through the center holes 40 of the baffles 30 and exit through the outlet tube 21 until the cylinder is nearly completely filled with fluid. The fluid, however, still has the same turbulent flow pattern described above even when the cylinder is completely filled with fluid. Since such a relatively large volume of fluid may be contained within the roll and is thoroughly mixed as it passes through the roll a relatively steady flow of cool fluid is maintained in contact with the roll body walls for maximum cooling.

While the invention has been described with particular reference to a cooling roll it will be appreciated that the heat exchange roll may similarly be used as a heating roll by passing a hot fluid through the cylinder. It is also understood that although the inlet and outlet fluid tubes are disposed at 0pposite ends of the illustrated roll alternatively a counterflow roll could be used whereby the inlet and outlet are at the same end.

lclaim:

-1. A heat exchange roll for treating webs of sheet material comprising a hollow cylindrical roll body having an outer periphery, an inner surface and closed ends, means at the ends thereof for rotatably supporting said roll body, means at one end of said body defining a fluid inlet passageway, means at the other end of said body defining a fluid outlet passageway, a single series of axially spaced, substantially identical cupshaped baffle members each having an end portion and outwardly tapered side portions mounted within the roll body, the outer edge of each baffle tapered side portion engaging said roll body inner surface, each said baffle side portion being formed with a plurality of circumferentially spaced flutes which define passageways for fluid flow between said baffle side portions and said inner body surface, said baffles being disposed with the open end of said cup directed downstream of the fluid so as to mix said fluid and repeatedly direct it against said inner surface as it passes through the length of said roll body.

2. A heat exchange roll for treating webs of sheet material comprising a hollow cylindrical roll body having an outer periphery, an inner surface and closed ends, means at the ends thereof for rotatably supporting said roll body, means at one end of said body defining a fluid inlet passageway, means at the other end of said body defining a fluid outlet passageway, a single series of axially spaced, substantially identical cupshaped baffle members each having an end portion and outwardly tapered side portions mounted within the roll body, said end portion of each baffle being formed with a plurality of radially extending flutes and said side portion of each baffle being formed with a plurality of outwardly tapered longitudinal flutes, said baffles being disposed with the open end of said cup directed downstream of the fluid so as to mix said fluid and repeatedly direct it against said inner surface as it passes through the length of said roll body.

3. The heat exchange roll of claim 2 in which the end flutes of each baffle extend without interruption into said longitudinal side flutes to define uninterrupted passageways about the outer surface of said baffle.

4. The heat exchange roll of claim 3 in which the end flutes define an axially disposed internally recessed area in the end of each baffle.

5. The heat exchange roll of claim 1 including a rod extending axially the length of said roll body upon which said baffles are disposed, and means securing the baffles to said rod for maintaining said baffles in axially spaced relation.

6. The heat exchange roll of claim 5 in which said baffles each have a two-part construction, each said baffle part being a sector of said cup and being disposed on said tie rod in partially overlapping relation with the tie rod passing through an axially disposed aperture in each part.

7. The heat exchange roll of claim 1 in which the end portion of each baffle is formed with a plurality of radially extending flutes, said end flutes extending without interruption into said side flutes to define uninterrupted passages about the outer surface of said baffle, a rod extending axially the length of said roll body upon which said baffles are disposed and means securing said baffles to said rod for maintaining their axially spaced relation.

Claims (7)

1. A heat exchange roll for treating webs of sheet material comprising a hollow cylindrical roll body having an outer periphery, an inner surface and closed ends, means at the ends thereof for rotatably supporting said roll body, means at one end of said body defining a fluid inlet passageway, means at the other end of said body defining a fluid outlet passageway, a single series of axially spaced, substantially identical cupshaped baffle members each having an end portion and outwardly tapered side portions mounted within the roll body, the outer edge of each baffle tapered side portion engaging said roll body inner surface, each said baffle side portion being formed with a plurality of circumferentially spaced flutes which define passageways for fluid flow between said baffle side portions and said inner body surface, said baffles being disposed with the open end of said cup directed downstream of the fluid so as to mix said fluid and repeatedly direct it against said inner surface as it passes through the length of said roll body.
2. A heat exchange roll for treating webs of sheet material comprising a hollow cylindrical roll body having an outer periphery, an inner surface and closed ends, means at the ends thereof for rotatably supporting said roll body, means at one end of said body defining a fluid inlet passageway, means at the other end of said body defining a fluid outlet passageway, a single series of axially spaced, substantially identical cup-shaped baffle members each having an end portion and outwardly tapered side portions mounted within the roll body, said end portion of each baffle being formed with a plurality of radially extending flutes and said side portion of each baffle being formed with a plurality of outwardly tapered longitudinal flutes, said baffles being disposed with the open end of said cup directed downstream of the fluid so as to mix said fluid and repeatedly direct it against said inner surface as it passes through the length of said roll body.
3. The heat exchange roll of claim 2 in which the end flutes of each baffle extend without interruption into said longitudinal side flutes to define unintErrupted passageways about the outer surface of said baffle.
4. The heat exchange roll of claim 3 in which the end flutes define an axially disposed internally recessed area in the end of each baffle.
5. The heat exchange roll of claim 1 including a rod extending axially the length of said roll body upon which said baffles are disposed, and means securing the baffles to said rod for maintaining said baffles in axially spaced relation.
6. The heat exchange roll of claim 5 in which said baffles each have a two-part construction, each said baffle part being a sector of said cup and being disposed on said tie rod in partially overlapping relation with the tie rod passing through an axially disposed aperture in each part.
7. The heat exchange roll of claim 1 in which the end portion of each baffle is formed with a plurality of radially extending flutes, said end flutes extending without interruption into said side flutes to define uninterrupted passages about the outer surface of said baffle, a rod extending axially the length of said roll body upon which said baffles are disposed and means securing said baffles to said rod for maintaining their axially spaced relation.
US3633663D 1970-06-08 1970-06-08 Cooling roll Expired - Lifetime US3633663A (en)

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US4417770A true 1970-06-08 1970-06-08

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US3633663A true US3633663A (en) 1972-01-11

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US (1) US3633663A (en)
CA (1) CA919414A (en)
CH (1) CH524798A (en)
DE (1) DE2121899A1 (en)
FR (1) FR2094118B1 (en)
GB (1) GB1295601A (en)
IT (1) IT939295B (en)

Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4243023A (en) * 1978-05-19 1981-01-06 Rom-Aire Solar Corporation Solar collector
US4443389A (en) * 1981-04-27 1984-04-17 Leonard Oboler Heat exchange apparatus
US4794980A (en) * 1987-11-16 1989-01-03 Raydot Incorporated Air to air heat exchanger
US5208955A (en) * 1991-04-12 1993-05-11 J. M. Voith Gmbh Roll
US5456309A (en) * 1993-11-15 1995-10-10 Dixie Chemical Company Method of transferring heat between a feed material and heat exchange
US20060096481A1 (en) * 2004-11-11 2006-05-11 Heidelberger Druckmaschinen Ag Printing machine
US20080014003A1 (en) * 2006-06-21 2008-01-17 Oce-Technologies B.V. Roller for a printer and a method of cooling the roller surface
US20080277009A1 (en) * 2007-05-10 2008-11-13 Fluid-Quip, Inc. Multiple helical vortex baffle
US20110030927A1 (en) * 2009-08-05 2011-02-10 Satoshi Okano Cooling device
US20110061741A1 (en) * 2009-05-22 2011-03-17 Ingersoll Eric D Compressor and/or Expander Device
US20120298340A1 (en) * 2011-05-25 2012-11-29 Al-Otaibi Abdullah M Turbulence-inducing devices for tubular heat exchangers
US8454321B2 (en) 2009-05-22 2013-06-04 General Compression, Inc. Methods and devices for optimizing heat transfer within a compression and/or expansion device
US8567303B2 (en) 2010-12-07 2013-10-29 General Compression, Inc. Compressor and/or expander device with rolling piston seal
US20140204157A1 (en) * 2013-01-21 2014-07-24 Xerox Corporation Pressure Roller Containing A Volume Of Fluid

Families Citing this family (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2457470B1 (en) * 1979-05-25 1984-05-18 Ferodo Sa
DE3242066C2 (en) * 1982-11-13 1988-02-18 Heidelberger Druckmaschinen Ag, 6900 Heidelberg, De
DE10305316B4 (en) * 2002-03-13 2011-06-16 Goss Contiweb B.V. Cooling roll with a substantially hollow interior
DE10305917B4 (en) * 2002-03-13 2015-06-25 Goss Contiweb B.V. Cooling roll with a substantially hollow interior

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US799120A (en) * 1905-01-03 1905-09-12 Bert A Way Radiator.
FR437214A (en) * 1911-12-05 1912-04-16 Leon Grunberg Et Cie Soc Bathroom heater to rational and comprehensive utilization of gas burned
US1691979A (en) * 1926-04-16 1928-11-20 Ideal Oil Saver Company Baffle plate for boiler flues
GB345279A (en) * 1929-09-17 1931-03-17 Frederick Heather Improvements in and relating to radiators
US2068779A (en) * 1933-10-25 1937-01-26 Baker Perkins Co Inc Cooling roll refiner or like mill
US2262530A (en) * 1938-03-10 1941-11-11 Gas Machinery Co Furnace tube
US3058731A (en) * 1959-07-17 1962-10-16 Frederick S Bloom Internally cooled conveyor roll

Patent Citations (7)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US799120A (en) * 1905-01-03 1905-09-12 Bert A Way Radiator.
FR437214A (en) * 1911-12-05 1912-04-16 Leon Grunberg Et Cie Soc Bathroom heater to rational and comprehensive utilization of gas burned
US1691979A (en) * 1926-04-16 1928-11-20 Ideal Oil Saver Company Baffle plate for boiler flues
GB345279A (en) * 1929-09-17 1931-03-17 Frederick Heather Improvements in and relating to radiators
US2068779A (en) * 1933-10-25 1937-01-26 Baker Perkins Co Inc Cooling roll refiner or like mill
US2262530A (en) * 1938-03-10 1941-11-11 Gas Machinery Co Furnace tube
US3058731A (en) * 1959-07-17 1962-10-16 Frederick S Bloom Internally cooled conveyor roll

Cited By (27)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4243023A (en) * 1978-05-19 1981-01-06 Rom-Aire Solar Corporation Solar collector
US4443389A (en) * 1981-04-27 1984-04-17 Leonard Oboler Heat exchange apparatus
US4794980A (en) * 1987-11-16 1989-01-03 Raydot Incorporated Air to air heat exchanger
US5208955A (en) * 1991-04-12 1993-05-11 J. M. Voith Gmbh Roll
US5277690A (en) * 1991-04-12 1994-01-11 J. M. Voith Gmbh Roll
US5456309A (en) * 1993-11-15 1995-10-10 Dixie Chemical Company Method of transferring heat between a feed material and heat exchange
US6176300B1 (en) 1993-11-15 2001-01-23 Dixie Chemical Company Heat exchange manifold
US5655597A (en) * 1993-11-15 1997-08-12 Dixie Chemical Company Heat exchanger
US20060096481A1 (en) * 2004-11-11 2006-05-11 Heidelberger Druckmaschinen Ag Printing machine
US7389728B2 (en) * 2004-11-11 2008-06-24 Heidelberger Druckmaschinen Ag Printing machine
US20080014003A1 (en) * 2006-06-21 2008-01-17 Oce-Technologies B.V. Roller for a printer and a method of cooling the roller surface
US7725055B2 (en) * 2006-06-21 2010-05-25 Oce-Technologies B.V. Roller for a printer and a method of cooling the roller surface
US20080277009A1 (en) * 2007-05-10 2008-11-13 Fluid-Quip, Inc. Multiple helical vortex baffle
US8696192B2 (en) * 2007-05-10 2014-04-15 Fluid-Quip, Inc. Multiple helical vortex baffle
US20110061741A1 (en) * 2009-05-22 2011-03-17 Ingersoll Eric D Compressor and/or Expander Device
US8286659B2 (en) * 2009-05-22 2012-10-16 General Compression, Inc. Compressor and/or expander device
US8454321B2 (en) 2009-05-22 2013-06-04 General Compression, Inc. Methods and devices for optimizing heat transfer within a compression and/or expansion device
US9051834B2 (en) 2009-05-22 2015-06-09 General Compression, Inc. Methods and devices for optimizing heat transfer within a compression and/or expansion device
US8850808B2 (en) 2009-05-22 2014-10-07 General Compression, Inc. Compressor and/or expander device
US9400485B2 (en) 2009-08-05 2016-07-26 Ricoh Company, Ltd. Cooling device having a turbulence generating unit
US8606138B2 (en) * 2009-08-05 2013-12-10 Ricoh Company, Limited Cooling device having a turbulence generating unit
US20110030927A1 (en) * 2009-08-05 2011-02-10 Satoshi Okano Cooling device
US8567303B2 (en) 2010-12-07 2013-10-29 General Compression, Inc. Compressor and/or expander device with rolling piston seal
US20120298340A1 (en) * 2011-05-25 2012-11-29 Al-Otaibi Abdullah M Turbulence-inducing devices for tubular heat exchangers
US9605913B2 (en) * 2011-05-25 2017-03-28 Saudi Arabian Oil Company Turbulence-inducing devices for tubular heat exchangers
US20140204157A1 (en) * 2013-01-21 2014-07-24 Xerox Corporation Pressure Roller Containing A Volume Of Fluid
US8899738B2 (en) * 2013-01-21 2014-12-02 Xerox Corporation Pressure roller containing a volume of fluid

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Publication number Publication date
DE2121899A1 (en) 1971-12-16
CH524798A (en) 1972-06-30
CA919414A (en) 1973-01-23
FR2094118A1 (en) 1972-02-04
FR2094118B1 (en) 1975-07-11
GB1295601A (en) 1972-11-08
CA919414A1 (en)
IT939295B (en) 1973-02-10

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