US3608822A - Process and device for the mechanical spraying of liquids - Google Patents

Process and device for the mechanical spraying of liquids Download PDF

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US3608822A
US3608822A US3608822DA US3608822A US 3608822 A US3608822 A US 3608822A US 3608822D A US3608822D A US 3608822DA US 3608822 A US3608822 A US 3608822A
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mouthpiece
downwardly
described
apparatus
liquid
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Francis David Berthoud
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Ciba Geigy AG
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Ciba Geigy AG
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B05SPRAYING OR ATOMISING IN GENERAL; APPLYING LIQUIDS OR OTHER FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05BSPRAYING APPARATUS; ATOMISING APPARATUS; NOZZLES
    • B05B1/00Nozzles, spray heads or other outlets, with or without auxiliary devices such as valves, heating means
    • B05B1/02Nozzles, spray heads or other outlets, with or without auxiliary devices such as valves, heating means designed to produce a jet, spray, or other discharge of particular shape or nature, e.g. in single drops, or having an outlet of particular shape
    • B05B1/06Nozzles, spray heads or other outlets, with or without auxiliary devices such as valves, heating means designed to produce a jet, spray, or other discharge of particular shape or nature, e.g. in single drops, or having an outlet of particular shape in annular, tubular or hollow conical form
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B05SPRAYING OR ATOMISING IN GENERAL; APPLYING LIQUIDS OR OTHER FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05BSPRAYING APPARATUS; ATOMISING APPARATUS; NOZZLES
    • B05B1/00Nozzles, spray heads or other outlets, with or without auxiliary devices such as valves, heating means
    • B05B1/26Nozzles, spray heads or other outlets, with or without auxiliary devices such as valves, heating means with means for mechanically breaking-up or deflecting the jet after discharge, e.g. with fixed deflectors; Breaking-up the discharged liquid or other fluent material by impinging jets
    • B05B1/262Nozzles, spray heads or other outlets, with or without auxiliary devices such as valves, heating means with means for mechanically breaking-up or deflecting the jet after discharge, e.g. with fixed deflectors; Breaking-up the discharged liquid or other fluent material by impinging jets with fixed deflectors
    • B05B1/265Nozzles, spray heads or other outlets, with or without auxiliary devices such as valves, heating means with means for mechanically breaking-up or deflecting the jet after discharge, e.g. with fixed deflectors; Breaking-up the discharged liquid or other fluent material by impinging jets with fixed deflectors the liquid or other fluent material being symmetrically deflected about the axis of the nozzle
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B05SPRAYING OR ATOMISING IN GENERAL; APPLYING LIQUIDS OR OTHER FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05BSPRAYING APPARATUS; ATOMISING APPARATUS; NOZZLES
    • B05B7/00Spraying apparatus for discharge of liquids or other fluent materials from two or more sources, e.g. of liquid and air, of powder and gas
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B05SPRAYING OR ATOMISING IN GENERAL; APPLYING LIQUIDS OR OTHER FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05BSPRAYING APPARATUS; ATOMISING APPARATUS; NOZZLES
    • B05B7/00Spraying apparatus for discharge of liquids or other fluent materials from two or more sources, e.g. of liquid and air, of powder and gas
    • B05B7/24Spraying apparatus for discharge of liquids or other fluent materials from two or more sources, e.g. of liquid and air, of powder and gas with means, e.g. a container, for supplying liquid or other fluent material to a discharge device
    • B05B7/2483Spraying apparatus for discharge of liquids or other fluent materials from two or more sources, e.g. of liquid and air, of powder and gas with means, e.g. a container, for supplying liquid or other fluent material to a discharge device the supplying means involving no pressure or aspiration, e.g. means involving gravity or capillarity

Abstract

A process and device for the mechanical formation of aerosols are disclosed, whereby the formation of a downwardly flowing liquid film is effected on the slanted surface of a downwardly widening mouthpiece of an air supply line, which mouthpiece points downwards and the breakup of the film at an annular edge of the mouthpiece by an airstream which escapes under slight excess pressure from the interior of the at least approximately cone-shaped hollow space inside the mouthpiece, whereby the film is atomized in the form of an essentially vertically downwardly directed spray cone. A limiting body may be inserted in the mouthpiece to direct the airstream essentially entirely toward the interrupting edge of the mouthpiece.

Description

llnited States Patent Inventor Francis David Berthoud Vaud, Switzerland Appl. No. 840,157 Filed July 9, 1969 Patented Sept. 28, 1971 Assignee Ciba-Geigy AG Basel, Switzerland Priority July 12, 1968 Switzerland 10481/68 PROCESS AND DEVICE FOR THE MECHANICAL SPRAYING 0F LIQUIDS 1 1 Claims, 8 Drawing Figs.

US. Cl 239/8, 118/629, 222/4, 239/163, 239/425, 239/457, 261/78,26l/l12 llnt. Cl B051) 7/06 Field of Search 239/8, 163, 340, 341, 423, 424, 425, 434.5, 451, 456, 457;

Primary Examiner-M. Henson Wood, 1 r.

Assistant Examiner-Michael Y. Mar Attorney-Wenderoth, Lind & Ponack ABSTRACT: A process and device for the mechanical formation of aerosols are disclosed. whereby the formation of a downwardly flowing liquid film is effected on the slanted sur face of a downwardly widening mouthpiece of an air supply line, which mouthpiece points downwards and the breakup of the film at an annular edge of the mouthpiece by an airstream which escapes under slight excess pressure from the interior of the at least approximately cone-shaped hollow space inside the mouthpiece, whereby the film is atomized m the form of an essentially vertically downwardly directed spray cone A limiting body may be inserted in the mouthpiece to direct the airstream essentially entirely toward the interrupting edge 01 the mouthpiece.

PATENTEUSEP28l97l 3,608,822

SHEET 1 0F 4 FRANCIS DAVID BERTIIOUD,

Inventor [\Ltorncys PATENTED SEP28 I97! SHEET 2 BF 4 Fig.2

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FRANCIS DAVID BER'IHOUD,

Inventor M/MHZ. %4 l M m Attorneys PATENTEU SEP28 l97| sum 3 0F 4 2 FRANCIS DAVID BERTIIOUD,

Inventor wmwmmz Attorney mzmsnssrz mn 3608822 SHEET M 0F 4 FRANCIS DAVID BERTHOUD,

Inventor BM/MMXLA-M Attorneys PROCESS AND DEVICE IFOR THE MECHANICAL SPRAYING 01F LllQUlllDS DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION The invention concerns a process for the mechanical spraying of liquids, preferably with aerosol formation, as well as a device required for carrying out this process.

The word liquid as used in this invention means solutions and emulsions as well as suspension, aerosol means primarily mists which are produced by atomizing solutions or emulsions in the air.

Usually, spraying liquors for the production of aerosols are sprayed from nozzles, e.g. of the venturi type. It has also been suggested to produce aerosols by spraying the liquid to be sprayed, from a nozzle onto one side of a flat wall terminating an air pipe, while the air stream coming out of the pipe escapes through a vent which forms a U- or horseshoe-shaped terminal edge with the wall and thus the liquid film flowing down over the wall is broken off and atomized. The flat sur face of the wall together with the shape of the vent thus formed, however, cause the liquid to be sprayed in a cloud whose drift is completely dependent upon the prevailing direction of the wind. Especially with a strong side wind, an undesirable drift of the spray cloud in a sideward direction results. A further consequence is that, e.g., when such a spraying device is used for the treatment of agricultural cultivations, it is impossible to attain a uniform, even spraying of the plantation to be treated.

It is an object of the invention, therefore, to avoid the said deficiencies by providing a device and a process for the production of a substantially vertically downward directed spray cone which is as uniform as possible.

In this manner, an atomization of the liquid, e.g. a spraying liquor, is attained by the novel process which is at least as fine as that attained by known devices. In addition, it is possible with the new device, in contrast to the last-described known device, to direct the atomized cone substantially vertically or as desired, at a slight angle to the vertical towards a surface to be sprayed, e.g. a planted field. Due to the special form of the spraying device it is possible, by means of the spray cone which is directed substantially perpendicular to the field, to appreciably prevent a drifting of the sprayed material, even with a strong side wind. Thus an even spraying of each portion of the area to be treated is assured, and the disadvantages of an uneven distribution of the sprayed liquid droplets over the treated area are substantially avoided.

As a result of this even application of the liquid to be sprayed onto a surface to be treated, the consumption of the liquid, in spite of maximum effectiveness, its less than that required in most of the known devices.

The process according to the invention comprises the mechanical formation of aerosols, preferably for the treatment of agricultural plantations, and comprises producing a downwardly flowing liquid film on a slanted surface of ringshaped, downwardly widening cross section, and breaking up said film at an annular interrupting edge of said surface which edge is substantially horizontally situated, by an air stream which is escaping under slight excess pressure from the interior of the at least approximately cone-shaped hollow space formed by the liquid film, whereby the latter is atomized, while forming an essentially vertical, downwardly directed spray cone.

The liquid film can be of annular, elliptical or similar ringshaped, e.g. an elongated ring-shaped or race-track (Z) cross section. Especially when the process according to the invention is employed for the treatment of agricultural plantations, it is not necessary to raise the temperature of the escaping air stream above that prevailing in the surrounding area or to employ an air pressure of more than 1 atmosphere excess pressure. For agricultural application, an air stream is preferably employed which has a pressure of at least 0.l, preferably however about 0.4 atmosphere of excess pressure,

when entering the above described space surrounded by the liquid film; depending on the purpose of application, higher pressures, e.g. L5 to 2 atmospheres above the ambient pressure, can be used.

A particular feature of a preferred embodiment of the process according to the invention comprise so directing the air stream in the interior of the said hollow space that it forms a mantle of correspondingly shaped cross section, e.g. instead of a solid cone, a cone mantle of variable thickness, in the side and upper portion of the said hollow space.

By increasing or decreasing the thickness of this mantle formed by the air stream, the exit velocity of the air stream can be varied so that the particle size of the liquid to be sprayed as well as the degree to which the resulting spray cone is filled with the mist formed can be adjusted as desired.

The device according to the invention for the application of the above-described process has an air supply line having a downwardly widening mouthpiece pointing downwards and preferably of ring-shaped, or of elliptical, or of elongated ringshaped cross section, as well as a liquid supply line having one or a plurality of downwardly directed outlet orifices, which liquid supply line is mounted on the outer wall of the mouthpiece encircling the latter in a substantially horizontal plane. Thus the liquid, e.g. a spray liquor, flowing downward on the outer wall of the mouthpiece below the said outlet orifice or orifices contacts the air stream escaping from the mouthpiece at the lower terminal edge thereof and is atomized thereby in the form of droplets in a spray cone having the main axis thereof directed substantially vertically downward.

According to another feature of a preferred embodiment of the device according to the invention, a crown like ridge of teeth or the like projections is mounted on the outer wall of the mouthpiece between, on the one hand, the plane in which the said outlet orifices are located and, on the other hand, the lower terminal edge of the mouthpiece in an intermediary plane extending parallel to the terminal edge, said ridge preferably extending in the direction of the intermediary plane. This contributes considerably to an even distribution of the liquid film in the lowest zone of the outer wall of the mouthpiece down to the terminal edge thereof.

The above-mentioned preferred embodiment of the process according to the invention is attained, e.g., by mounting a limiting body which conforms in shape to the said mouthpiece, inserted into the mouthpiece from below and preferably arranged coaxially with the latter, the outer wall of which limiting body preferably extends parallel to the inner wall of the mouthpiece; the interval between the limiting body and the inner wall of the mouthpiece can be adjusted by raising or lowering the limiting body along the common axis.

By this means the shape and the general direction of the spray cone, and also the size and distribution of the liquid droplets in the mist formed are regulated.

In an especially preferred embodiment of the device according to the invention, the liquid supply line mounted around the mouthpiece is provided at its lowest point, preferably directly above the part of the outer wall of the mouthpiece next adjoining the supply line downstream, with a continuous outlet aperture having an adjustable cross section. In this manner the optimal amount of liquid to be sprayed for a given air stream can be set and optionally varied. The same purpose can be achieved by mounting a valve regulator, not shown in the drawings, in the inlet pipe to the liquid supply line.

In this arrangement, it is also preferred to provide the above-mentioned ridge of teeth or the like below the outlet aperture for improved distribution of the liquid.

In a preferred application of the apparatus according to the invention, an excess pressure of 0.4 atmospheres and a compressed-air consumption of about 1,000 m per hour is used, and a device according to the invention is employed which preferably has a mouthpiece with an aperture angle of about and the limiting piece which extends into the mouthpiece has an aperture angle of about l20-140, while the height of the mouthpiece (height of the cone frustum) is about 40-50 mm. The device is preferably so adjusted that the interval between the lower edge of the mouthpiece and the other wall of the limiting piece is such that the latter protrudes somewhat beyond the outer edge of the mouthpiece.

By means of this latter measure, a maximal interaction of the air escaping from the mouthpiece with the liquid film along the terminal edge is achieved, and thus the finest atomization and greatest diameter possible in the spray cone at a given aperture angle of the mouthpiece is assured. In the accompanying drawings the device according to the invention is illustrated by a number of nonlimitative embodiments of the invention, which device enables the most practical performance of the process according to the invention.

In the drawings:

FIG. 1 illustrates, in perspective view a preferred embodiment of the spraying device according to the invention.

FIG. 2 shows a vertical section through the embodiment shown in FIG. 1, in the plane passing through the line IIII. FIG. 3 illustrates a modified embodiment of the liquid supply shown in FIGS. 1 and 2. FIGS 4a, 4b and 4c shown three different embodiments of the device according to the invention as seen from below. FIG. 5 shows, only schematically, a preferred construction of the mouthpiece and the limiting piece. Finally, FIG. 6 shows the assembly of a plurality of devices according to the invention in an aggregate for the operation of the same, such as can be mounted, e.g., on a tractor.

In particular, the embodiment of the device according to the invention shown in FIGS. 1 and 2 and 4a consists of a cone-shaped outer mantle l which is open at its wider lower end and forms a circular atomizing edge 1a,while at its narrower upper end, it opens into a feed pipe 2 which in turn is connected to a compressed-air pipe 3.

In the interior of the feed pipe 2 an adjustable device 5 is mounted in a suitable manner, e.g. by a stationary pin 4 which is embedded at both ends in the wall of the feed pipe 2, which device comprises the cone frustum mantle 6 with closed top, the bolt 7 provided with an exterior thread, and a support 8 for the bolt 7, said support 8 being preferably in the form of a screwed nut and being provided provided with an interior thread and mounted stationarily on the cross pin 4. Stop heads 7a and 7b limit the distance of adjustment. Bolt 7 can be provided at its lower end with a control handle which is not shown. By adjusting the bolt 7 in the support 8, the inner cone frustum 6 can now be raised or lowered in respect to the outer mantle 1 so that the cross-sectional area of the cone mantleshaped air channel formed between the mantles 1 and 6 is increased or decreased. Thus the velocity of the airstream flowing out of the compressed-air pipe 3 via the feed pipe 2 through the said channel in the direction of the arrow is decreased or increased, and depending on the distance and the relatively higher or lower position of the lower edge 6a or 60 of the inner cone mantle 6 in respect to the front edge la of the outer cone mantle 1, the density and the mean downward direction of the airstream when leaving the said channel are also varied.

The liquid to be sprayed, e.g. a spraying liquor for agricul tural purposes, is supplied to the outer wall of the cone 1 out of a main supply pipe 9 via one or a plurality of branch pipes 10 and a ring-shaped distributing pipe 11, which is endless or optionally divided into segments, and provided on the lower side thereof with orifices 12. In order to better combine the liquid streams leaving the orifices 12 into a single film, preferably a crownlike ridge 13 is provided, having teeth 14 or similar projections, which ridge extends substantially horizontally and is fastened on the outer annular mantle 1 below the distributing pipe 11.

The liquid film flowing over the outer wall of the cone mantle 1 below the ridge 13 is caught up at the terminal edge 1a of said mantle 1 by the airstream escaping from the above-mentioned channel and carried along in smaller or larger droplets, thus forming an annular spray cone which is approximately defined outwardly by the extension of the wall of the cone 1, and inwardly, both in density and in the mean direction of flow, by the position of the terminal rim 6a of the inner cone 6 in relation to edge la.

In contrast to the known spraying device described in detail above, the spray cone formed below the edge In is much less sensitive to a side wind, a fact which is largely due to the outer cone mantle l protecting the air cone which forms, so that there is no appreciable drift of the sprayed material.

The modified embodiment of the liquid supply shown in FIG. 3 consists of a flange 15 located at the end of the supply pipe 10, which flange is screwed by means of threads and, preferably, intermediary sealing gasket 16, onto the inlet pipe 17 of a collecting chamber 20 extending annularly in a horizontal plane around the outer mantle 1. Whereas the upper end wall 21 bearing the inlet pipe 17 is joined stationarily to the mantle l at position 22, the lower end wall 23, which in the embodiment of FIGS. 1 and 2 has the form ofa cylindrical mantle, can be adjusted in height relative to the lower end of the upper end wall 21 by suitable means, e.g. adjusting screws 24, and thus the distance of the lower edge of the front wall 23 from the outer surface of the cone mantle 1, i.e. the continuous outlet aperture 12a, can be increased or decreased. In this manner the thickness of the liquid film flowing out at the lower end through this aperture 12a of the chamber 20 can be varied. The mounting of a crownlike ridge 13 can optionally be omitted.

Whereas FIG. 4 a shows the view from below of the embodiment according to the invention shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, the FIG. 4b and 4c show modified embodiments in which the cone mantles 1 and 6 are replaced by elongated mantles 25 and 26 having an elliptical cross section (FIG. 4b or having an elongated ring-shaped cross section, i.e. ac) -shaped cross section, as in the case of the mantles 27 and 28 in FIG. 40,

FIG. 5 shows purely schematically a preferred construction of the mouthpiece l, which in this case has an aperture angle of and of the limiting piece 6, which has an aperture angle of in the embodiment shown. The same elements shown in FIG. 1 are used to adjust the interval between the two parts; the provision for liquid and air is also the same as shown in FIG. 1.

Finally, FIG. 6 shows an aggregate comprising compressedair supply pipes 30 and 31 each bearing three spraying devices 33 according to the invention directed downwardly and supplied, via the distributor 35, with compressed air from an air compressor 34, shown only schematically, the air preferably having less than 1 atmosphere excess pressure. To each of the air supply pipes 30 and 31, a liquid supply pipe 36, 37 is connected, which is fed from a reservoir 39 via a pipe 40 by means of a pump 38. Both the compressor 34 and the liquid supply pump 38 are driven by suitable transmission means 41, 42, e.g. transmission gears, from a driving shaft 43, which is driven directly by a separate motor or also by the motor which drives the agricultural tractor bearing the entire aggregate, via a universal joint, not shown.

In the embodiment of FIGS 1 and 2, the cone mantle l and the cone mantle 6 both have an inclination of about 60 relative to the essentially vertical main axis of the cone. By constructing this cone with a wider or narrower angle, the width of the area to be sprayed can be varied and when the supply of liquid and air remain constant, the droplet formation in the resulting mist can also be varied. Whereas the above detailed description of the mode of performing the invention is primarily employed for the formation of aerosols having little drift when influenced by a side wind, which occurs in the treatment of agricultural plantations, the process and device according to the invention can, of course, also be employed for spraying purposes of of a nonagricultural nature, e.g. for spraying used to regulate the moisture in air-conditioned rooms or for hygienic purposes, or also for finely dispersing a liquid in chemical reaction chambers and the like. The easy accessibility and simplicity of the construction of all of the individual parts of the spraying device according to the invention and, in particular in the embodiment supplying the liquid as shown in FIG. 3, as well as very low sensitivity of the liquid outlet on the outer wall of the cone mantle 1 to clogging are particularly advantageous.

As an alternative, two liquid supply pipes can be provided instead of the single pipe 9 in FIG. I as well as corresponding separate intermediate pipes 10, which lead to two separate semicircular distributing pipes 111, and two separating strips, not shown in FIG. 1, can be provided to extend axially on the cone wall down to the discharge edge 1a on each of opposite sides of the cone mantle ll between the semicircular distributing pipes ill. In this way it is possible to simultaneously spray two different liquids which do not come into contact with each other on the surface of the cone mantle, but only in the spray cone forming below the device according to the invention, and which optionally may be capable of reacting chemically with each other.

Iclaim:

l. A process for the mechanical formation of aerosols, comprising producing a downwardly flowing liquid film on a slanted surface of ring-shaped, downwardly widening cross section, and breaking up said film at an annular interrupting edge of said surface which edge is substantially horizontally situated, by an airstream which is escaping under slight excess pressure from the interior of the at least approximately coneshaped hollow space formed by the liquid film, whereby the latter is atomized, while forming an essentially vertical, downwardly directed spray cone.

2. A process as described in claim 1, wherein the air stream in the interior of the said hollow space is so directed that it forms a mantle of correspondingly shaped cross section and of variable thickness, whereby, by increasing or decreasing the thickness of this mantle formed by the air stream, the exit velocity and the density of the airstream and, consequently, both the particle size of the liquid to be sprayed and also the degree to which the resulting spray cone is filled with the mist formed, can be regulated.

3. Apparatus for the mechanical formation of aerosol spray clouds directed downwardly, comprising an air supply line; a mouthpiece attached to an outlet end of said air supply line and pointing downwardly and having downwardly widening interior and exterior surfaces; and a liquid supply line having outside said mouthpiece downwardly directed orifice means located at the exterior inclined surface of said mouthpiece and encircling the latter in a substantially horizontal plane at a substantial distance above a lower rim of said mouthpiece; said orifice means being adapted to release a film of liquid on said downwardly inclined exterior surface of said mouthpiece, whereby said liquid film flowing down over said exterior surface contacts an airstream escaping from said downwardly widening interior surface of said mouthpiece at said lower rim thereof and is dispersed therefrom in. a spray cone the main axis of which is directed substantially vertically downwardly.

4. A apparatus as described in claim 3, wherein said mouthpiece is a ring-shaped, or elliptical, or C) shaped cross section.

5. An apparatus as described in claim 3, further comprising a limiting body provided in the interior of the mouthpiece and conforming in shape to the said mouthpiece, said body being inserted into the mouthpiece from below.

6. An apparatus as described in claim 5, wherein said limiting body is arranged coaxially with said mouthpiece, the outer wall of said limiting body downwardly approaching the inner wall of the mouthpiece.

7. An apparatus as described in claim 5, further comprising means for raising or lowering the limiting body along its common axis with said mouthpiece, thereby adjusting the interval between the said limiting body and the inner wall of the mouthpiece.

8. An apparatus as described in claim 5, wherein the mouthpiece and the limiting body are cone-shaped, the aper ture angle of the mouthpiece being about and that of the limiting body being about 1 40.

9. An apparatus as described in claim 5, wherein the position of the limiting body in relation to the interior surface of the mouthpiece is such that the outer wall of said limiting body protrudes downwardly somewhat beyond the basal plane of the mouthpiece.

10. An apparatus as described in claim l2, wherein the liquid supply line mounted around the mouthpiece is provided at its lowest point with a continuous outlet aperture having an adjustable cross section.

111. An apparatus as described in claim 12, further comprising a crownlike ridge of projections mounted around the mouthpiece below the said liquid supply line and above the lover terminal edge of the outer wall of the mouthpiece.

Claims (11)

1. A process for the mechanical formation of aerosols, comprising producing a downwardly flowing liquid film on a slanted surface of ring-shaped, downwardly widening cross section, and breaking up said film at an annular interrupting edge of said surface which edge is substantially horizontally situated, by an airstream which is escaping under slight excess pressure from the interior of the at least approximately coneshaped hollow space formed by the liquid film, whereby the latter is atomized, while forming an essentially vertical, downwardly directed spray cone.
2. A process as described in claim 1, wherein the air stream in the interior of the said hollow space is so directed that it forms a mantle of correspondingly shaped cross section and of variable thickness, whereby, by increasing or decreasing the thickness of this mantle formed by the air stream, the exit velocity and the density of the airstream and, consequently, both the particle size of the liquid to be sprayed and also the degree to which the resulting spray cone is filled with the mist formed, can be regulated.
3. Apparatus for the mechanical formation of aerosol spray clouds directed downwardly, comprising an air supply line; a mouthpiece attached to an outlet end of said air supply line and pointing downwardly and having downwardly widening interior and exterior surfaces; and a liquid supply line having outside said mouthpiece downwardly directed orifice means located at the exterior inclined surface of said mouthpiece and encircling the latter in a substantially horizontal plane at a substantial distance above a lower rim of said mouthpiece; said orifice means being adapted to release a film of liquid on said downwardly inclined exterior surface of said mouthpiece, whereby said liquid film flowing down over said exterior surface contacts an airstream escaping from said downwardly widening interior surface of said mouthpiece at said lower rim thereof and is dispersed therefrom in a spray cone the main axis of which is directed substantially vertically downwardly.
4. A apparatus as described in claim 3, wherein said mouthpiece is of ring-shaped, or elliptical, or -shaped cross section.
5. An apparatus as described in claim 3, further comprising a limiting body provided in the interior of the mouthpiece and conforming in shape to the said mouthpiece, said body being inserted into the mouthpiece from below.
6. An apparatus as described in claim 5, wherein said limiting body is arranged coaxially with said mouthpiece, the outer wall of said limiting body downwardly approaching the inner wall of the mouthpiece.
7. An apparatus as described in claim 5, further comprising means for raising or lowering the limiting body along its common axis with said mouthpiece, thereby adjusting the interval between the said limiting body and the inner wall of the mouthpiece.
8. An apparatus as described in claim 5, wherein the mouthpiece and the limiting body are cone-shaped, the aperture angle of the mouthpiece being about 90* and that of the limiting body being about 120*-140*.
9. An apparatus as described in claim 5, wherein the position of the limiting body in relation to the interior surface of the mouthpiece is such that the outer wall of said limiting body protrudes downwardly somewhat beyond the basal plane of the mouthpiece.
10. An apparatus as described in claim 12, wherein the liquid supply line mounted around the mouthpiece is provided at its lowest point with a continuous outlet aperture having an adjustable cross section.
11. An apparatus as described in claim 12, further comprising a crownlike ridge of projections mounted around the mouthpiece below the said liquid supply line and above the lower terminal edge of the outer wall of the mouthpiece.
US3608822D 1968-07-12 1969-07-09 Process and device for the mechanical spraying of liquids Expired - Lifetime US3608822A (en)

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US4407845A (en) * 1981-07-15 1983-10-04 Schaming Edward J Ionic strip coating method
US4443182A (en) * 1981-11-10 1984-04-17 Hauck Manufacturing Company Burner and method
US4488505A (en) * 1981-07-15 1984-12-18 Schaming Industries, Inc. Electronic strip oiler
US5255125A (en) * 1992-12-28 1993-10-19 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Army Particulate obscurant disseminator air source
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US9382060B1 (en) 2007-04-05 2016-07-05 Homax Products, Inc. Spray texture material compositions, systems, and methods with accelerated dry times
US9435120B2 (en) 2013-03-13 2016-09-06 Homax Products, Inc. Acoustic ceiling popcorn texture materials, systems, and methods
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US8317065B2 (en) 1992-02-24 2012-11-27 Homax Products, Inc. Actuator systems and methods for aerosol wall texturing
US8505786B2 (en) 1992-02-24 2013-08-13 Homax Products, Inc. Actuator systems and methods for aerosol wall texturing
US8701944B2 (en) 1992-02-24 2014-04-22 Homax Products, Inc. Actuator systems and methods for aerosol wall texturing
US9079703B2 (en) 1992-02-24 2015-07-14 Homax Products, Inc. Actuator systems and methods for aerosol wall texturing
US9845185B2 (en) 1992-02-24 2017-12-19 Ppg Architectural Finishes, Inc. Systems and methods for applying texture material
US8584898B2 (en) 1992-02-24 2013-11-19 Homax Products, Inc. Systems and methods for applying texture material to ceiling surfaces
US8573451B2 (en) 1992-02-24 2013-11-05 Homax Products, Inc. Actuator systems and methods for aerosol wall texturing
US8985392B2 (en) 1992-02-24 2015-03-24 Homax Products, Inc. Systems and methods for applying texture material to ceiling surfaces
US8887953B2 (en) 1992-02-24 2014-11-18 Homax Products, Inc. Systems and methods for applying texture material to ceiling surfaces
US5255125A (en) * 1992-12-28 1993-10-19 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Army Particulate obscurant disseminator air source
US8844765B2 (en) 1993-03-12 2014-09-30 Homax Products, Inc. Aerosol spray texture apparatus for a particulate containing material
US8353465B2 (en) 2003-04-10 2013-01-15 Homax Products, Inc Dispensers for aerosol systems
US9132953B2 (en) 2003-04-10 2015-09-15 Homax Products, Inc. Dispenser for aerosol systems
US8820656B2 (en) 2003-04-10 2014-09-02 Homax Products, Inc. Dispenser for aerosol systems
US9248951B2 (en) 2004-01-28 2016-02-02 Homax Products, Inc. Texture material for covering a repaired portion of a textured surface
US8342421B2 (en) 2004-01-28 2013-01-01 Homax Products Inc Texture material for covering a repaired portion of a textured surface
US9187236B2 (en) 2004-01-28 2015-11-17 Homax Products, Inc. Aerosol system for repairing a patched portion of a surface
US9004316B2 (en) 2004-07-02 2015-04-14 Homax Products, Inc. Aerosol spray texture apparatus for a particulate containing material
US8561840B2 (en) 2004-07-02 2013-10-22 Homax Products, Inc. Aerosol spray texture apparatus for a particulate containing material
US9004323B2 (en) 2004-10-08 2015-04-14 Homax Products, Inc. Aerosol systems and methods for dispensing texture material
US8622255B2 (en) 2004-10-08 2014-01-07 Homax Products, Inc. Aerosol systems and methods for dispensing texture material
US8551572B1 (en) * 2007-04-04 2013-10-08 Homax Products, Inc. Spray texture material compositions, systems, and methods with anti-corrosion characteristics
US9415927B2 (en) 2007-04-04 2016-08-16 Homax Products, Inc. Spray texture material compositions, systems, and methods with anti-corrosion characteristics
US9580233B2 (en) 2007-04-04 2017-02-28 Ppg Architectural Finishes, Inc. Spray texture material compositions, systems, and methods with anti-corrosion characteristics
US8784942B2 (en) * 2007-04-04 2014-07-22 Homax Products, Inc. Spray texture material compositions, systems, and methods with anti-corrosion characteristics
US8883902B2 (en) 2007-04-04 2014-11-11 Homax Products, Inc. Aerosol dispensing systems and methods and compositions for repairing interior structure surfaces
US9592527B2 (en) 2007-04-05 2017-03-14 Ppg Architectural Finishes, Inc. Spray texture material compositions, systems, and methods with accelerated dry times
US8580349B1 (en) 2007-04-05 2013-11-12 Homax Products, Inc. Pigmented spray texture material compositions, systems, and methods
US9382060B1 (en) 2007-04-05 2016-07-05 Homax Products, Inc. Spray texture material compositions, systems, and methods with accelerated dry times
US9156042B2 (en) 2011-07-29 2015-10-13 Homax Products, Inc. Systems and methods for dispensing texture material using dual flow adjustment
US9248457B2 (en) 2011-07-29 2016-02-02 Homax Products, Inc. Systems and methods for dispensing texture material using dual flow adjustment
US9156602B1 (en) 2012-05-17 2015-10-13 Homax Products, Inc. Actuators for dispensers for texture material
US9435120B2 (en) 2013-03-13 2016-09-06 Homax Products, Inc. Acoustic ceiling popcorn texture materials, systems, and methods
US9776785B2 (en) 2013-08-19 2017-10-03 Ppg Architectural Finishes, Inc. Ceiling texture materials, systems, and methods
CN104923417A (en) * 2014-03-20 2015-09-23 中国科学院过程工程研究所 Activated carbon spray nozzle
USD787326S1 (en) 2014-12-09 2017-05-23 Ppg Architectural Finishes, Inc. Cap with actuator

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
GB1211996A (en) 1970-11-11
AT293773B (en) 1971-10-25
BE736009A (en) 1970-01-12
CH493277A (en) 1970-07-15
BR6910647D0 (en) 1973-01-30
DE1935406A1 (en) 1970-07-16
FR2014584A1 (en) 1970-04-17

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