US3596035A - High frequency dielectric heating apparatus - Google Patents

High frequency dielectric heating apparatus Download PDF

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Publication number
US3596035A
US3596035A US3596035DA US3596035A US 3596035 A US3596035 A US 3596035A US 3596035D A US3596035D A US 3596035DA US 3596035 A US3596035 A US 3596035A
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Prior art keywords
platens
high frequency
fabrics
upper
oscillator
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Raymond P Meenen
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MAYFLOWER ELECTRONIC DEVICES Inc
MAYFLOWER ELECTRONIC DEVICES I
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MAYFLOWER ELECTRONIC DEVICES I
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C65/00Joining or sealing of preformed parts, e.g. welding of plastics materials; Apparatus therefor
    • B29C65/02Joining or sealing of preformed parts, e.g. welding of plastics materials; Apparatus therefor by heating, with or without pressure
    • B29C65/18Joining or sealing of preformed parts, e.g. welding of plastics materials; Apparatus therefor by heating, with or without pressure using heated tools
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C65/00Joining or sealing of preformed parts, e.g. welding of plastics materials; Apparatus therefor
    • B29C65/02Joining or sealing of preformed parts, e.g. welding of plastics materials; Apparatus therefor by heating, with or without pressure
    • B29C65/022Particular heating or welding methods not otherwise provided for
    • B29C65/028Particular heating or welding methods not otherwise provided for making use of inherent heat, i.e. the heat for the joining comes from the moulding process of one of the parts to be joined
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C65/00Joining or sealing of preformed parts, e.g. welding of plastics materials; Apparatus therefor
    • B29C65/02Joining or sealing of preformed parts, e.g. welding of plastics materials; Apparatus therefor by heating, with or without pressure
    • B29C65/04Dielectric heating, e.g. high-frequency welding, i.e. radio frequency welding of plastic materials having dielectric properties, e.g. PVC
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C65/00Joining or sealing of preformed parts, e.g. welding of plastics materials; Apparatus therefor
    • B29C65/72Joining or sealing of preformed parts, e.g. welding of plastics materials; Apparatus therefor by combined operations or combined techniques, e.g. welding and stitching
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C65/00Joining or sealing of preformed parts, e.g. welding of plastics materials; Apparatus therefor
    • B29C65/78Means for handling the parts to be joined, e.g. for making containers or hollow articles, e.g. means for handling sheets, plates, web-like materials, tubular articles, hollow articles or elements to be joined therewith; Means for discharging the joined articles from the joining apparatus
    • B29C65/7858Means for handling the parts to be joined, e.g. for making containers or hollow articles, e.g. means for handling sheets, plates, web-like materials, tubular articles, hollow articles or elements to be joined therewith; Means for discharging the joined articles from the joining apparatus characterised by the feeding movement of the parts to be joined
    • B29C65/7888Means for handling of moving sheets or webs
    • B29C65/7891Means for handling of moving sheets or webs of discontinuously moving sheets or webs
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C66/00General aspects of processes or apparatus for joining preformed parts
    • B29C66/01General aspects dealing with the joint area or with the area to be joined
    • B29C66/05Particular design of joint configurations
    • B29C66/10Particular design of joint configurations particular design of the joint cross-sections
    • B29C66/11Joint cross-sections comprising a single joint-segment, i.e. one of the parts to be joined comprising a single joint-segment in the joint cross-section
    • B29C66/112Single lapped joints
    • B29C66/1122Single lap to lap joints, i.e. overlap joints
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C66/00General aspects of processes or apparatus for joining preformed parts
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    • B29C66/20Particular design of joint configurations particular design of the joint lines, e.g. of the weld lines
    • B29C66/21Particular design of joint configurations particular design of the joint lines, e.g. of the weld lines said joint lines being formed by a single dot or dash or by several dots or dashes, i.e. spot joining or spot welding
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C66/00General aspects of processes or apparatus for joining preformed parts
    • B29C66/01General aspects dealing with the joint area or with the area to be joined
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    • B29C66/20Particular design of joint configurations particular design of the joint lines, e.g. of the weld lines
    • B29C66/23Particular design of joint configurations particular design of the joint lines, e.g. of the weld lines said joint lines being multiple and parallel or being in the form of tessellations
    • B29C66/234Particular design of joint configurations particular design of the joint lines, e.g. of the weld lines said joint lines being multiple and parallel or being in the form of tessellations said joint lines being in the form of tessellations
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C66/00General aspects of processes or apparatus for joining preformed parts
    • B29C66/01General aspects dealing with the joint area or with the area to be joined
    • B29C66/345Progressively making the joint, e.g. starting from the middle
    • B29C66/3452Making complete joints by combining partial joints
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C66/00General aspects of processes or apparatus for joining preformed parts
    • B29C66/40General aspects of joining substantially flat articles, e.g. plates, sheets or web-like materials; Making flat seams in tubular or hollow articles; Joining single elements to substantially flat surfaces
    • B29C66/41Joining substantially flat articles ; Making flat seams in tubular or hollow articles
    • B29C66/43Joining a relatively small portion of the surface of said articles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C66/00General aspects of processes or apparatus for joining preformed parts
    • B29C66/40General aspects of joining substantially flat articles, e.g. plates, sheets or web-like materials; Making flat seams in tubular or hollow articles; Joining single elements to substantially flat surfaces
    • B29C66/41Joining substantially flat articles ; Making flat seams in tubular or hollow articles
    • B29C66/43Joining a relatively small portion of the surface of said articles
    • B29C66/436Joining sheets for making articles comprising cushioning or padding materials, the weld being performed through the cushioning material, e.g. car seats
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C66/00General aspects of processes or apparatus for joining preformed parts
    • B29C66/70General aspects of processes or apparatus for joining preformed parts characterised by the composition, physical properties or the structure of the material of the parts to be joined; Joining with non-plastics material
    • B29C66/72General aspects of processes or apparatus for joining preformed parts characterised by the composition, physical properties or the structure of the material of the parts to be joined; Joining with non-plastics material characterised by the structure of the material of the parts to be joined
    • B29C66/729Textile or other fibrous material made from plastics
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C66/00General aspects of processes or apparatus for joining preformed parts
    • B29C66/80General aspects of machine operations or constructions and parts thereof
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C66/00General aspects of processes or apparatus for joining preformed parts
    • B29C66/80General aspects of machine operations or constructions and parts thereof
    • B29C66/81General aspects of the pressing elements, i.e. the elements applying pressure on the parts to be joined in the area to be joined, e.g. the welding jaws or clamps
    • B29C66/814General aspects of the pressing elements, i.e. the elements applying pressure on the parts to be joined in the area to be joined, e.g. the welding jaws or clamps characterised by the design of the pressing elements, e.g. of the welding jaws or clamps
    • B29C66/8141General aspects of the pressing elements, i.e. the elements applying pressure on the parts to be joined in the area to be joined, e.g. the welding jaws or clamps characterised by the design of the pressing elements, e.g. of the welding jaws or clamps characterised by the surface geometry of the part of the pressing elements, e.g. welding jaws or clamps, coming into contact with the parts to be joined
    • B29C66/81427General aspects of the pressing elements, i.e. the elements applying pressure on the parts to be joined in the area to be joined, e.g. the welding jaws or clamps characterised by the design of the pressing elements, e.g. of the welding jaws or clamps characterised by the surface geometry of the part of the pressing elements, e.g. welding jaws or clamps, coming into contact with the parts to be joined comprising a single ridge, e.g. for making a weakening line; comprising a single tooth
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C66/00General aspects of processes or apparatus for joining preformed parts
    • B29C66/80General aspects of machine operations or constructions and parts thereof
    • B29C66/82Pressure application arrangements, e.g. transmission or actuating mechanisms for joining tools or clamps
    • B29C66/824Actuating mechanisms
    • B29C66/8242Pneumatic or hydraulic drives
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C66/00General aspects of processes or apparatus for joining preformed parts
    • B29C66/80General aspects of machine operations or constructions and parts thereof
    • B29C66/83General aspects of machine operations or constructions and parts thereof characterised by the movement of the joining or pressing tools
    • B29C66/832Reciprocating joining or pressing tools
    • B29C66/8322Joining or pressing tools reciprocating along one axis
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C66/00General aspects of processes or apparatus for joining preformed parts
    • B29C66/90Measuring or controlling the joining process
    • B29C66/91Measuring or controlling the joining process by measuring or controlling the temperature, the heat or the thermal flux
    • B29C66/914Measuring or controlling the joining process by measuring or controlling the temperature, the heat or the thermal flux by controlling or regulating the temperature, the heat or the thermal flux
    • B29C66/9141Measuring or controlling the joining process by measuring or controlling the temperature, the heat or the thermal flux by controlling or regulating the temperature, the heat or the thermal flux by controlling or regulating the temperature
    • B29C66/91421Measuring or controlling the joining process by measuring or controlling the temperature, the heat or the thermal flux by controlling or regulating the temperature, the heat or the thermal flux by controlling or regulating the temperature of the joining tools
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C66/00General aspects of processes or apparatus for joining preformed parts
    • B29C66/90Measuring or controlling the joining process
    • B29C66/91Measuring or controlling the joining process by measuring or controlling the temperature, the heat or the thermal flux
    • B29C66/914Measuring or controlling the joining process by measuring or controlling the temperature, the heat or the thermal flux by controlling or regulating the temperature, the heat or the thermal flux
    • B29C66/9141Measuring or controlling the joining process by measuring or controlling the temperature, the heat or the thermal flux by controlling or regulating the temperature, the heat or the thermal flux by controlling or regulating the temperature
    • B29C66/91441Measuring or controlling the joining process by measuring or controlling the temperature, the heat or the thermal flux by controlling or regulating the temperature, the heat or the thermal flux by controlling or regulating the temperature the temperature being non-constant over time
    • B29C66/91443Measuring or controlling the joining process by measuring or controlling the temperature, the heat or the thermal flux by controlling or regulating the temperature, the heat or the thermal flux by controlling or regulating the temperature the temperature being non-constant over time following a temperature-time profile
    • B29C66/91445Measuring or controlling the joining process by measuring or controlling the temperature, the heat or the thermal flux by controlling or regulating the temperature, the heat or the thermal flux by controlling or regulating the temperature the temperature being non-constant over time following a temperature-time profile by steps
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C66/00General aspects of processes or apparatus for joining preformed parts
    • B29C66/90Measuring or controlling the joining process
    • B29C66/91Measuring or controlling the joining process by measuring or controlling the temperature, the heat or the thermal flux
    • B29C66/914Measuring or controlling the joining process by measuring or controlling the temperature, the heat or the thermal flux by controlling or regulating the temperature, the heat or the thermal flux
    • B29C66/9161Measuring or controlling the joining process by measuring or controlling the temperature, the heat or the thermal flux by controlling or regulating the temperature, the heat or the thermal flux by controlling or regulating the heat or the thermal flux, i.e. the heat flux
    • B29C66/91651Measuring or controlling the joining process by measuring or controlling the temperature, the heat or the thermal flux by controlling or regulating the temperature, the heat or the thermal flux by controlling or regulating the heat or the thermal flux, i.e. the heat flux by controlling or regulating the heat generated by Joule heating or induction heating
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C66/00General aspects of processes or apparatus for joining preformed parts
    • B29C66/90Measuring or controlling the joining process
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    • B29C66/919Measuring or controlling the joining process by measuring or controlling the temperature, the heat or the thermal flux characterised by specific temperature, heat or thermal flux values or ranges
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06MTREATMENT, NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE IN CLASS D06, OF FIBRES, THREADS, YARNS, FABRICS, FEATHERS, OR FIBROUS GOODS MADE FROM SUCH MATERIALS
    • D06M17/00Producing multi-layer textile fabrics
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06MTREATMENT, NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE IN CLASS D06, OF FIBRES, THREADS, YARNS, FABRICS, FEATHERS, OR FIBROUS GOODS MADE FROM SUCH MATERIALS
    • D06M23/00Treatment of fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics or fibrous goods made from such materials, characterised by the process
    • D06M23/16Processes for the non-uniform application of treating agents, e.g. one-sided treatment; Differential treatment
    • D06M23/18Processes for the non-uniform application of treating agents, e.g. one-sided treatment; Differential treatment for the chemical treatment of borders of fabrics or knittings; for the thermal or chemical fixation of cuttings, seams or fibre ends
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H05ELECTRIC TECHNIQUES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05BELECTRIC HEATING; ELECTRIC LIGHTING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05B6/00Heating by electric, magnetic, or electromagnetic fields
    • H05B6/46Dielectric heating
    • H05B6/60Arrangements for continuous movement of material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
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    • B29C66/00General aspects of processes or apparatus for joining preformed parts
    • B29C66/70General aspects of processes or apparatus for joining preformed parts characterised by the composition, physical properties or the structure of the material of the parts to be joined; Joining with non-plastics material
    • B29C66/71General aspects of processes or apparatus for joining preformed parts characterised by the composition, physical properties or the structure of the material of the parts to be joined; Joining with non-plastics material characterised by the composition of the plastics material of the parts to be joined
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    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
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    • B29C66/70General aspects of processes or apparatus for joining preformed parts characterised by the composition, physical properties or the structure of the material of the parts to be joined; Joining with non-plastics material
    • B29C66/73General aspects of processes or apparatus for joining preformed parts characterised by the composition, physical properties or the structure of the material of the parts to be joined; Joining with non-plastics material characterised by the intensive physical properties of the material of the parts to be joined, by the optical properties of the material of the parts to be joined, by the extensive physical properties of the parts to be joined, by the state of the material of the parts to be joined or by the material of the parts to be joined being a thermoplastic or a thermoset
    • B29C66/731General aspects of processes or apparatus for joining preformed parts characterised by the composition, physical properties or the structure of the material of the parts to be joined; Joining with non-plastics material characterised by the intensive physical properties of the material of the parts to be joined, by the optical properties of the material of the parts to be joined, by the extensive physical properties of the parts to be joined, by the state of the material of the parts to be joined or by the material of the parts to be joined being a thermoplastic or a thermoset characterised by the intensive physical properties of the material of the parts to be joined
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    • B29C66/818General aspects of the pressing elements, i.e. the elements applying pressure on the parts to be joined in the area to be joined, e.g. the welding jaws or clamps characterised by the cooling constructional aspects, or by the thermal or electrical insulating or conducting constructional aspects of the welding jaws or of the clamps ; comprising means for compensating for the thermal expansion of the welding jaws or of the clamps
    • B29C66/8187General aspects of the pressing elements, i.e. the elements applying pressure on the parts to be joined in the area to be joined, e.g. the welding jaws or clamps characterised by the cooling constructional aspects, or by the thermal or electrical insulating or conducting constructional aspects of the welding jaws or of the clamps ; comprising means for compensating for the thermal expansion of the welding jaws or of the clamps characterised by the electrical insulating constructional aspects
    • B29C66/81871General aspects of the pressing elements, i.e. the elements applying pressure on the parts to be joined in the area to be joined, e.g. the welding jaws or clamps characterised by the cooling constructional aspects, or by the thermal or electrical insulating or conducting constructional aspects of the welding jaws or of the clamps ; comprising means for compensating for the thermal expansion of the welding jaws or of the clamps characterised by the electrical insulating constructional aspects of the welding jaws
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    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
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    • B29C66/924Measuring or controlling the joining process by measuring or controlling the pressure, the force, the mechanical power or the displacement of the joining tools by controlling or regulating the pressure, the force, the mechanical power or the displacement of the joining tools
    • B29C66/9261Measuring or controlling the joining process by measuring or controlling the pressure, the force, the mechanical power or the displacement of the joining tools by controlling or regulating the pressure, the force, the mechanical power or the displacement of the joining tools by controlling or regulating the displacement of the joining tools
    • B29C66/92611Measuring or controlling the joining process by measuring or controlling the pressure, the force, the mechanical power or the displacement of the joining tools by controlling or regulating the pressure, the force, the mechanical power or the displacement of the joining tools by controlling or regulating the displacement of the joining tools by controlling or regulating the gap between the joining tools
    • B29C66/92615Measuring or controlling the joining process by measuring or controlling the pressure, the force, the mechanical power or the displacement of the joining tools by controlling or regulating the pressure, the force, the mechanical power or the displacement of the joining tools by controlling or regulating the displacement of the joining tools by controlling or regulating the gap between the joining tools the gap being non-constant over time
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    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
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    • B29C66/00General aspects of processes or apparatus for joining preformed parts
    • B29C66/90Measuring or controlling the joining process
    • B29C66/92Measuring or controlling the joining process by measuring or controlling the pressure, the force, the mechanical power or the displacement of the joining tools
    • B29C66/929Measuring or controlling the joining process by measuring or controlling the pressure, the force, the mechanical power or the displacement of the joining tools characterized by specific pressure, force, mechanical power or displacement values or ranges
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29KINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASSES B29B, B29C OR B29D, RELATING TO MOULDING MATERIALS OR TO MATERIALS FOR MOULDS, REINFORCEMENTS, FILLERS OR PREFORMED PARTS, e.g. INSERTS
    • B29K2313/00Use of textile products or fabrics as reinforcement

Abstract

A high frequency heating machine for laminating fabric material in which a heating electrode for each side of the material is divided into two parts and in which each of the four electrodes is preheated, the two electrodes on one side of the material dividing the load and having capacitors therebetween. Mechanism is provided for step-by-step passage of the material between the two opposing sets of electrodes in which the dies are spaced three times the effective width of one die and in which the stroke of the material for each step is twice the effective width of one die.

Description

United States Patent [72) Inventor Raymond P. Meenen Hawthorne, NJ. 21 Appl. No. 824,076 [22] Fi1ed May 13, I969 [45] Patented July 27, 1971 [73] Assignce Mayflower Electronic Devices, Inc. Little Ferry, NJ.

[54] HIGH FREQUENCY DIELECTRIC HEATING APPARATUS 8 Claims, 6 Drawing Figs.

[52] US. Cl. 2l9/I0.S3, 156/274 [51] Int. Cl 323k 13/02, HOSb 5/00 [50] Field oISearch 219/1053, 10.61, 10.47, 10.71; 156/274, 273

[56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,842,649 7/ 1958 Jehier 219/ 10.47

Primary Examiner.1. V. Truhe Assistant Examiner-L. H Bender Attorney-Leo C. Krazinski ABSTRACT: A high frequency heating machine for laminating fabric material in which a heating electrode for each side of the material is divided into two parts and in which each of the four electrodes is preheated, the two electrodes on one side of the material dividing the load and having capacitors therebetween. Mechanism is provided for step-by-step passage of the material between the two opposing sets of electrodes in which the dies are spaced three times the effective width of one die and in which the stroke of the material for each step is twice the effective width of one die.

' PATENTFJJJULZTIQH 13,596,035

SHEET 2 0r 2 TJHTE.

74 TATE.

INVENTOFZ B9 RnvMoN F? MEENEN anew HTTO RNE'H HIGH FREQUENCY DIELECTRIC HEATING APPARATUS BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION Field of the Invention The present invention relates to high frequency dielectric heating and, particularly, to a process and apparatus for electronic quilting of a plurality of fabrics.

It has been found that an electrode or platen is at a lower temperature, that is, cooler than the fabric, so that the platen initially absorbs heat from the fabric while the fabric is being heated. Because of this transference of heat from the fabric to the platen a substantial amount of high frequency energy is required in heating the fabric which high frequency energy at times breaks through the fabric to render the laminated fabric unsuitable for use.

It has also been found that fabrics because of their lowpower factors and poor insulating properties, in view of their porous construction, are difficult to heat to a point of fusion while using conventional methods.

Further, in conventional high frequency heating arrangements, the movable or press platen is generally a single unit which requires a high load capacity particularly when large width fabrics are to be laminated, so that the frequency range is limited.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION Accordingly, an object of the invention is to provide a high frequency dielectric heating apparatus which overcomes the difficulties and disadvantages heretofore encountered.

Another object is to provide such apparatus which renders more efficient the heating platens in laminating the fabric material.

Still another object is to provide such apparatus which reduces the effective load capacity and shortens the connections between the platens and oscillator generating the high frequency power.

Yet another object is to provide such apparatus which enables the press platens that complete the load circuit to capacitatively raise the resonant frequency of the load circuit.

Other and further objects will be obvious upon an understanding of the illustrative embodiment about to be described, or vwill be indicated in the appended claims and various advantages not referred to herein will occur to one skilled in the art upon employment of the invention in practice.

In accordance with the present invention the foregoing objects are generally accomplished by providing apparatus for joining by thennal activation a plurality of fabrics to product a quilted material similar in appearance to that presently produced by sewing; which apparatus comprises a high frequency oscillator mounted with the press itself and inductively coupling it to two separate stationary platens, separate adjustable inductors in parallel therewith for resonating the load to the oscillator frequency and for distributing the power on the platens so as to seal the fabrics uniformly, two movable platens having dies thereon in registration with the stationary platens and arranged to complete the electrical load circuit, and capacitors connected between the movable platens to raise the resonant frequency of the load circuit.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS A preferred embodiment of the invention has been chosen for purposes of illustration and description and is shownin the accompanying drawings, forming a part of the specification, wherein:

FIG. I is a diagrammatic view of apparatus for carrying out the process of the invention.

FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the high frequency heating device shown in FIG. 1.

FIG. 3 is an equivalent electric circuit of the device shown in FIG. 2.

FIG. 4 is an enlarged sectional view of a portion of the upper and lower dies in pressurized contact with fabric material.

FIG. 5 is an enlarged sectional view of a portion of a completed quilted fabric illustrating undulations produced by the upper and lower dies.

FIG. 6 is an enlarged fragmentary top plan view of atypical design in quilted fabric.

Referring now to FIG. I of the drawings in detail, there is shown apparatus for forming a laminated or quilted structure comprising a wadding sandwiched in by two layers of fabric. The top layer 10 of fabric, as shown in FIG, 1, is usually nylon, the middle layer 11 is wadding and the bottom layer 12 of fabric may be of any suitable material, which is compatible and scalable with the wadding. If the bottom layer 13 is scrim or similar, it must be coated with a suitable material, heavy enough to provide the necessary seal. If the bottom layer is nylon, care must be used to prevent oversealing, a heavier nylon or one with a higher melting temperature than the top nylon layer 10 may be necessary.

The wadding II should be thick enough to provide the desired puff and sealing and should be coated with a material that is compatible with the top and bottom layers and will promote scalability therewith. This coating (not shown), if it has a high dielectric loss factor, will aid the heating and produce a better seal. The wadding must be clean and free of any material that is conductive, to prevent arcs, and must be uniform in thickness with no lumps or voids.

The nylon top layer 10 must be heavy enough to permit some of it to melt and fuse to the wadding 11 without too much loss of strength. Its melting temperature and chemical composition should be compatible with the wadding and, if any coating is applied thereto, this also must be compatible to the wadding.

According to the invention herein, the three fabrics 10, 11 and 12 are joined together thermally to produce a quilted material 13 similar in appearance to that produced by sewing but more ornamental in that discontinuous patterns, not possible with the stitch sewing method, can be made. The means for heating the fabrics comprise an oscillator 14 for generating a high frequency which may include frequencies in the very high and ultra high frequency bands. The oscillator 14 is provided with a slotted stub 16 which meshes with the lower end of a press pickup stub 17, which at its upper end is adjustably secured to a pair of spaced, stationary electrodes, termed herein, lower press platens 18, which are supported upon insulating members I9 and in turn upon the machine proper 21 (shown schematically as a ground line to simplify the disclosure).

The press pickup stub I7 controls the amount of power that can be drawn from the oscillator 14. If the stub 17 is raised too high, that is, adjacent the upper edge of the slotted stub 16, very little power will be drawn and the tuning will be sharp. If the stub 17 is dropped too low in the slotted stub 16, the oscillator 14 will be overloaded and will become erratic, it may jump to some other frequency, it may are internally or it may cause high plate current. An optimal position of the stub 17 is about medium depth in the slotted stub 16, as shown in FIG. 1, for proper sealing of the fabrics.

Tuning stubs 22, adjustably fastened to the lower platens 18 are provided for changing both the distribution of power and the tuning point, which changes may be necessary when sealing dies are changed. When sealing dies of different length are used, wider or narrower tuning stubs 22 may be required to obtain uniform power over the full length of the machine.

Sealing dies for the lower platens 18 are not required in the embodiment shown but are required with the two upper spaced electrodes or press platens 23. These sealing dies 24 must be made of matched pairs, matched in height and sealing area and are machined to produce a desirable pattern. The press or machine of this invention can accommodate dies up to 72 inches long and of an effective width between 4 inches and 6 inches. One of the dies, that is, the second one in the line of travel downstream to make a seal, must be adjustable to compensate for shrinkage in the material that occurs in the quilting operation and in the material itself. The patterns used in the quilting operation should be tolerant of some die registration error without being too obvious in the finished product. The sealing edges of the dies should be serrated to permit interruptions in the melting of the material and thereby produce a seal without excessive weakening of the material. If plain unserrated dies were used, they would greatly reduce the strength of the material. The edges around each serration must be rounded to prevent cutting and arcing, but this should be done with minimal reduction of sealing surface. The height of the sealing elements must be matched to a plus or minus 0.0005 inch for good uniform sealing.

The sealing dies 24 on the upper press platens 23 must be spaced to properly register the desired pattern to be impressed on th fabric. The spacing center to center should be three times the effective width of one sealing die 24. The effective width is the distance from a point on the seal made by one die to the corresponding point on the seal made by the other die on the finished fabric material. The material shrinkage should be taken into account and the dies adjusted accordingly. The die size is a multiple of the index spacing, each die having onehalf of the index pattern and the dies may be operated so one pattern interlocks the other or that is superimposed over the other, as is required to produce the desired effect.

The upper press platens 23 are secured to insulating members 26, which are adjustably mounted for sidewards movement, as shown by the arrows, to a conventional hydraulic press 27 for vertical reciprocal movement thereof. Bridged across the two upper press platens 23 are four variable capacitors 28 for providing adjustable tuning. Each of the capacitors 28 has a range of from l2 to picofarads. Provision is also made for a 32 kv. vacuum capacitor to be connected across them when required. These capacitors 28 are adjusted and combined with suitable vacuum capacitors to resonate the press at the same frequency as that of the oscillator 14. Such adjustment of the capacitors 28 also distributes the voltage along the dies 24 so as to obtain a uniform seal over the entire sealing area. In some instances it has been found expedient to also adjust the tuning stubs 22 in conjunction with the capacitors 28. By thus splitting the load by use of two platens at opposite sides and bridging the upper platens 23 with the capacitors 28 it has been possible to efficiently perform the quilting operation at -60 megacycles.

Referring again to the upper and lower platens 23 and 18, respectively, it is to be noted that the use of divided, insulated platens reduces the effective load capacity and shortens the connections to the oscillator 14 which generates the high frequency power. This permits operation at a much higher frequency than has heretofore been possible using conventional techniques. This is accomplished by mounting the high frequency power oscillator 14 within the press and inductively coupling it to the two lower press platens 18.

It is known that fabrics because of their low-power factors and poor insulating properties, since fabrics are of porous construction, are difficult to heat to a point of fusion while using conventional methods. It has been found that as the frequency was raised the seals produced were improved. But the problem was to obtain the highest frequency possible and still maintain uniform power on the large press platens used with production type machines. The solution found was in elevating the sealing die temperature, so that satisfactory seals were produced while using less high frequency power. Accordingly, as shown in FIG. 1, each of the upper and lower press platens l8 and 23, respectively, are heated by placing hoses 29, preferably of Teflon around each platen and then circulating heated fluid therethrough. Such fluid should be a fire resistant fluid that transfers heat efficiently, an example of such a fluid being Monsanto Therminol type FR-l. Of course, other conventional means for heating the platens may be provided. The temperature to which the press platens are raised is limited by the surface deterioration that occurs in the fabric material; consequently, the amount of heat imparted to the platens must be carefully controlled. It is thus apparent that the proper combination of thermal heat, high frequency heat and ram pressure will vary with the fabric materials being sealed. In accordance with the present invention, preheating the platens to about 350 F. and maintaining the platens at this temperature has been satisfactory. With the platens at a temperature of 350 F. it is obvious that less high'frequency heating power is required to operate the platens at a temperature of about 480 F. in performing the quilting operation.

The fabric material used in the quilting operation is moved intermittently, that is, indexed, in a horizontal direction from right to left, as seen in FIG. 1, through the sealing machine by feed clamps 31 at the input side and feed clamps 32 at the output side of the machine. Both sets of feed clamps 31 and 32 are mechanically interconnected by conventional means 33 and simultaneously close to grip the fabrics and move them to the left a predetermined distance, under conventional controls. In this embodiment the lateral movement of the clamps 31 and 32, that is, the stroke thereof, was set to two times the effective width of one scaling die 24. An extra hydraulic clamp 34 is shown downstream of the output feed clamp 32 for holding the quilted fabric material 13 while the clamps 31 and 32 are returning (to the right) to their initial positions.

In operation, the top layer 10, wadding 11 and bottom layer 12 are schematically shown carried on supply rolls 37, 38 and 39, respectively. Initially the platens are preheated and the electronic equipment including the oscillator 14 are energized. The three fabric materials are then drawn manually through the rollers 40, past the opened input feed clamp 31, press platens 18 and 23, output feed clamp 31 and just beyond the opened clamp 34, after which the automatic control system (not shown) is energized, whereby the hydraulic press 27 moves the preheated upper press platens 23 and dies 24 downwardly into engagement with the three fabric materials to seal them together as a quilted fabric 13. Upon completion of the sealing operation the cycling of the system continues in that the clamps 31 and 32 close and grip the material, clamp 34 being open, and move the same a predetermined distance downstream, in the particular example, twice the width of the die 24.

Since the die 24 has a width of 6 inches and since the center-to-center distance of the dies 24 were set to 18 inches, the fabric material is moved by the clamps 31 and 32, a distance of l2 inches, after which the clamps 31 and 32 are opened, and clamp 34 is closed in order to hold the fabric, while the clamps 31 and 32 are returned to the right, as viewed in FIG. I, to their starting positions. The hydraulic press 27 is again operated to quilt the material, following which the cycle is repeated and quilted fabric 13 carried to and rolled upon the takeup roll 41.

It is believed that the schematic illustration in FIG. 2 is clear as to its reference to the embodiment of FIG. 1 without further explanation. Also, FIG. 3 is shown merely as an equivalent schematic circuit of that shown in FIG. 2.

In FIG. 4, there is shown an enlarged sectional view of the quilted fabric 13 under pressurized contact between the die 24 and the lower platen 18 wherein a ridge 42 is shown penetrating the laminated material 13 to form a recess 43 therein in accordance with the pattern 44, see FIG. 6, of the sealing die 24. In FIG. 5 the quilted material is shown after the die 24 has been disengaged therefrom and it will be noted that a recess 46 is formed on the bottom surface thereof, although the bottom platen 18 has a flat top surface engaging the fabric material.

From the foregoing description, it will be seen that the present invention provides an improved high frequency heating process for efficiently quilting fabrics by use of preheated, split platens and by use of capacitors interconnecting the upper press platens for producing the desired loading effect at the operating frequency.

What I claim is:

1. High frequency dielectric heating apparatus comprising, in combination, a pair of spaced upper and a pair of spaced lower opposed platens or electrodes, means for preheating said upper and lower platens, said preheating means including hoses for circulating heated fluid throughout the length and width of each of said upper and lower platens, means for reciprocating said upper platens in a direction toward and away from said lower platens, a framework for supporting said lower platens in a stationary position, an oscillator for generating high frequency power, adjustable inductive means interconnecting said oscillator and said lower platens for controlling transfer of energy from the oscillator to the lower platens, a plurality of superimposed fabrics adapted to be heated by said high frequency power supplied by the oscillator to the platens to form a quilted fabric, adjustable inductive means interconnecting said lower platens in parallel with said first adjustable inductive means for resonating load to frequency delivered by said oscillator and for distributing power on the platens so as to seal the fabrics uniformly, capacitive means interconnecting said upper platens for producing a desired loading effect at operating frequency, and means for intermittently passing said superimposed fabrics longitudinally between said upper and lower platens, whereby at one instant the fabrics are stationary and the upper platens are moved downwardly to engage and heat the fabrics by application of said high frequency power while in a following step while the upper platens are in a raised position the fabrics are moved a predetermined distance for the next heating operation.

2. High frequency dielectric heating apparatus in accordance with claim 1, wherein the heating means comprise a heated fluid for raising the temperature of each of the platens to about 350 F.

3. High frequency dielectric heating apparatus in accordance with claim 1, wherein the high frequency oscillator is mounted in the framework in close disposition to the lower platens and the adjustable inductance interconnecting the oscillator and lower platens comprises a male member adjustably carried by the lower platens and slidable in a slotted element in the oscillator.

4. High frequency dielectric heating apparatus comprising, in combination, a pair of spaced upper and lower opposed platens or electrodes, capacitive means interconnecting said upper platens for producing a desired loading effect at operating frequency, means for reciprocating said upper platens in a direction toward and away from said lower platens, a

framework for supporting said lower platens in a stationary position, an oscillator for generating high frequency power, adjustable inductive means interconnecting said oscillator and said lower platens for controlling transfer of energy from the oscillator to the lower platens, a plurality of superimposed fabrics adapted to be heated to form a quilted fabric, a die on each of said upper platens for impressing a pattern on said superimposed fabrics by application of said high frequency power in c6nfiguration of said dies, adjustable inductive means interconnecting said lower platens in parallel with said first adjustable inductive means for resonating load to frequency delivered by said oscillator and for distributing power on the dies so as to seal the fabrics uniformly, and means for intermittently passing said superimposed fabrics longitudinally between said upper and lower platens, whereby at one instant the fabrics are stationary and the upper platens and dies are moved downwardly to engage and heat the fabrics by application of said high frequency power while in a following step while the upper platens are in a raised position the fabrics are moved a predetermined distance for the next heating operation.

5. High frequency dielectric heating apparatus in accordance with claim 4, wherein said intermittent means for passing the fabric between the upper and lower platens includes input and output clamp means for gripping and moving the fabrics a predetermined distance, and separate clamp means for gripping and holding the fabric in a stationary position while the input and output clamps are being returned to their initial positions.

6. High frequency dielectric heating apparatus in accordance with claim 5, wherein each of said dies is of a predetermined longitudinal width and the center to center distance between each die is three times said die width.

7. High frequency dielectric heating apparatus i n ac cordance with claim 6, wherein the predetermined distance the fabrics are moved by the input and output clamps is twice the predetermined longitudinal width of one of said dies.

8. High frequency dielectric heating apparatus in accordance with claim 7, wherein each of said dies has a longitudinal width of 6 inches, the center to center spacing of said dies is 18 inches, and the predetermined distance that the fabrics are moved at one time by the input and output clamps is 12 inches.

Claims (8)

1. High frequency dielectric heating apparatus comprising, in combination, a pair of spaced upper and a pair of spaced lower opposed platens or electrodes, means for preheating said upper and lower platens, said preheating means including hoses for circulating heated fluid throughout the length and width of each of said upper and lower platens, means for reciprocating said upper platens in a direction toward and away from said lower platens, a framework for supporting said lower platens in a stationary position, an oscillator for generating high frequency power, adjustable inductive means interconnecting said oscillator and said lower platens for controlling transfer of energy from the oscillator to the lower platens, a plurality of superimposed fabrics adapted to be heated by said high frequency power supplied by the oscillator to the platens to form a quilted fabric, adjustable inductive means interconnecting said lower platens in parallel with said first adjustable inductive means for resonating load to frequency delivered by said oscillator and for distributing power on the platens so as to seal the fabrics uniformly, capacitive means interconnecting said upper platens for producing a desired loading effect at operating frequency, and means for intermittently passing said superimposed fabrics longitudinally between said upper and lower platens, whereby at one instant the fabrics are stationary and the upper platens are moved downwardly to engage and heat the fabrics by application of said high frequency power while in a following step while the upper platens are in a raised position the fabrics are moved a predetermined distance for the next heating operation.
2. High frequency dielectric heating apparatus in accordance with claim 1, wherein the heating means comprise a heated fluid for raising the temperature of each of the platens to about 350* F.
3. High frequency dielectric heating apparatus in accordance with claim 1, wherein the high frequency oscillator is mounted in the framework in close disposition to the lower platens and the adjustable inductance interconnecting the oscillator and lower platens comprises a male member adjustably carried by the lower platens and slidable in a slotted element in the oscillator.
4. High frequency dielectric heating apparatus comprising, in combination, a pair of spaced upper and lower opposed platens or electrodes, capAcitive means interconnecting said upper platens for producing a desired loading effect at operating frequency, means for reciprocating said upper platens in a direction toward and away from said lower platens, a framework for supporting said lower platens in a stationary position, an oscillator for generating high frequency power, adjustable inductive means interconnecting said oscillator and said lower platens for controlling transfer of energy from the oscillator to the lower platens, a plurality of superimposed fabrics adapted to be heated to form a quilted fabric, a die on each of said upper platens for impressing a pattern on said superimposed fabrics by application of said high frequency power in c6nfiguration of said dies, adjustable inductive means interconnecting said lower platens in parallel with said first adjustable inductive means for resonating load to frequency delivered by said oscillator and for distributing power on the dies so as to seal the fabrics uniformly, and means for intermittently passing said superimposed fabrics longitudinally between said upper and lower platens, whereby at one instant the fabrics are stationary and the upper platens and dies are moved downwardly to engage and heat the fabrics by application of said high frequency power while in a following step while the upper platens are in a raised position the fabrics are moved a predetermined distance for the next heating operation.
5. High frequency dielectric heating apparatus in accordance with claim 4, wherein said intermittent means for passing the fabric between the upper and lower platens includes input and output clamp means for gripping and moving the fabrics a predetermined distance, and separate clamp means for gripping and holding the fabric in a stationary position while the input and output clamps are being returned to their initial positions.
6. High frequency dielectric heating apparatus in accordance with claim 5, wherein each of said dies is of a predetermined longitudinal width and the center to center distance between each die is three times said die width.
7. High frequency dielectric heating apparatus i n accordance with claim 6, wherein the predetermined distance the fabrics are moved by the input and output clamps is twice the predetermined longitudinal width of one of said dies.
8. High frequency dielectric heating apparatus in accordance with claim 7, wherein each of said dies has a longitudinal width of 6 inches, the center to center spacing of said dies is 18 inches, and the predetermined distance that the fabrics are moved at one time by the input and output clamps is 12 inches.
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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5125737A (en) * 1987-03-13 1992-06-30 Coulter Electronics, Inc. Multi-part differential analyzing apparatus utilizing light scatter techniques
US5427645A (en) * 1991-12-09 1995-06-27 W. R. Grace & Co.-Conn. Apparatus and method for radio frequency sealing thermoplastic films together
US5457304A (en) * 1994-06-20 1995-10-10 Pocza; Zoltan M. Method of forming a decorative image on fabric materials

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5125737A (en) * 1987-03-13 1992-06-30 Coulter Electronics, Inc. Multi-part differential analyzing apparatus utilizing light scatter techniques
US5427645A (en) * 1991-12-09 1995-06-27 W. R. Grace & Co.-Conn. Apparatus and method for radio frequency sealing thermoplastic films together
US5457304A (en) * 1994-06-20 1995-10-10 Pocza; Zoltan M. Method of forming a decorative image on fabric materials

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