US3579751A - Clips useful in the medical field - Google Patents

Clips useful in the medical field Download PDF

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Publication number
US3579751A
US3579751A US3579751DA US3579751A US 3579751 A US3579751 A US 3579751A US 3579751D A US3579751D A US 3579751DA US 3579751 A US3579751 A US 3579751A
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US
Grant status
Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
finger grips
spring
members
bridge piece
ends
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Inventor
Lucien Julienne Art Jonckheere
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
LUCIEN JULIENNE ARTHUR JONCKHE
Original Assignee
LUCIEN JULIENNE ARTHUR JONCKHE
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Filing date
Publication date
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/12Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets for ligaturing or otherwise compressing tubular parts of the body, e.g. blood vessels, umbilical cord
    • A61B17/122Clamps or clips, e.g. for the umbilical cord
    • A61B17/1227Spring clips
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06FLAUNDERING, DRYING, IRONING, PRESSING OR FOLDING TEXTILE ARTICLES
    • D06F55/00Clothes-pegs
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T24/00Buckles, buttons, clasps, etc.
    • Y10T24/44Clasp, clip, support-clamp, or required component thereof
    • Y10T24/44641Clasp, clip, support-clamp, or required component thereof having gripping member formed from, biased by, or mounted on resilient member
    • Y10T24/44769Opposed engaging faces on gripping member formed from single piece of resilient material
    • Y10T24/44872Opposed engaging faces on gripping member formed from single piece of resilient material having specific handle structure

Abstract

Spring clip of nontoxic plastic material for medical use consisting of an integral one-piece body having two similar rigid arms, one superimposed over the other, which are joined together intermediately by a resilient waist piece acting as a fulcrum, the adjacent pair of arm ends at one extremity being mating gripping jaws, the other pair of ends being usable for finger operation for pressing together so as to open the jaws, and a spring interposed between the finger-pressing ends to force the jaw ends together, when the finger pressure is relaxed, into a mutual gripping position.

Description

United States Patent Inventor Lucien Julienne Arthur Jonckheere 88 The Gardens, Bedfont, Middlesex, England Appl. No. 816,291

Filed Apr. 15, 1969 Patented May 25, 1971 Priority May 30, 1968 Great Britain 26012/68 CLIPS USEFUL IN THE MEDICAL FIELD 1 Claim, 4 Drawing Figs.

U.S. Cl 24/252, 128/346 Int. Cl A44b 21/00, A61 b 17/08 Field of Search 24/225 (60), 252 (GC), 252 (TC), 252 (DQ), 252 (HC), 252 (CP), 255 (TU), 255 (H), 255 (J), 137.5, 137; 132/46, 46.1, 48; 128/346 [56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,002,001 5/1935 Beard 24/ 1 37.5 2,749,920 6/1956 Kriesman et a1. 24/252HC 3,247,852 4/1966 Schneider 128/346 3,250,282 5/1966 Thatcher..... 132/461 3,279,479 10/ l 966 Solomon 24/252HC F ORElGN PATENTS 588,854 6/ 1947 Great Britain 24/137.5

Primary Examiner-Donald A. Griffin Attorneys-Emory L. Groff and Emory L. Groff, Jr.

CLIPS USEFUL IN THE MEDICAL FIELD The present invention relates to clips and in particular to clips of a type that may be formed substantially from suitable nontoxic plastics materials, and thus rendering them particularly useful in the medical field, although not limited to such application.

The invention relates specifically to a clip of the form comprising a single body of synthetic resinous plastic material consisting of two opposed elongated members and a bridge piece locally uniting the members intermediately along the lengths thereof to serve as a fulcrum, two adjacent end parts of the members being finger grips and the other end parts of the members being jaws, the bridge piece having a concave arcuate face merging into opposing faces of the finger grips, and a generally V-shape leaf spring located between the finger grips with the apex of the V-shape adjacent that arcuate face and the limbs of the V-shape spring extending in engagement with said opposing faces to force the finger grips apart and thereby rock the members in opposite senses about the bridge piece, as the fulcrum, to force the jaws into mutual engagement.

In accordance with the invention, said concave arcuate face of the bridge piece extends through more than 180 to form a reentrant recess with intumed extremities, the apex of the V-v shape spring is a loop which is arcuate through more than 180 and of diameter greater than a gap between, and defined by, the extremities of the reentrant recess, the loop is positioned within the reentrant recess with the limbs of the V-shape spring extending therefrom through the gap, and the finger grips are formed in said opposed faces thereof with longitudinal channels extending, away from the bridge piece, beyond the ends of the limbs of the spring which extend in the channels.

The clip may be formed of any suitable plastics material such as nylon or polypropylene, or any thermoplastic material in any suitable manner e.g. injection moulding.

The leaf spring may be formed of metal or of a suitable plastics material possessing the required natural springiness. Such a suitable plastics material is an acetal" plastics resin.

One embodiment of a clip according to the present invention is hereinafter described with reference to the accompanying drawings in which:

FIG. 1 shows a side elevation of the clip;

FIG. 2 shows a plan view of the clip;

FIG. 3 shows a side elevation of a spring for use in the clip illustrated in FIGS. 1 and 2; and

FIG. 4 shows a section on line IV-IV of FIG. 2.

Referring to the drawings, the clip consists of a body formed of for example nylon, having two arms I and 2 linked by a flexible and resilient waisted section 3 acting as a fulcrum. The ends 4 and 5 of the arms I and 2 respectively are formed as mating jaws of the clip whilst the opposite ends 6 and 7 constituting finger grips are longitudinally recessed at I0 along their inner facing sides to provide means for holding a spring 9 (see particularly FIGS. 3 and 4) and the respective outside surfaces 8 of the arms are preferably milled or knurled. The

2 spring 9 in the embodiment is a V-shape leaf spring with the legs of the V housed respectively in the recesses 10. To assist in holding the spring firmly the waisted section 3 is bow shaped, i.e. arcuate at least on one side, so as to hold snugly the looped middle of the spring 9. When the spring 9 is in place the jaws 4 and 5 of the clip are forced together as the arm ends 6 and 7 are forced apart and, as will be obvious, to open the clip, the finger grips 6 and 7 are pinched together.

The clips of the invention find numerous uses and in particular are of application in the medical field, for example in surgery in the clamping of arteries, for renal dialysis units and wherever clips-are found necessary since by virtue of their fabrication in suitable plastics materials they are nontoxic and can be easily sterilized.

As indicated in FIG. 3, the looped middle part or apex of the spring 9 is an arcuate loop 11 extending through more than 180. It is also indicated in FIGS. I and 4 that the waisted section 3 is concave and arcuate through more than l80 at the face thereof presented towards the finger grips 6,7, thus providing a reentrant recess with intumed extremities from which extend the inner surfaces of the longitudinal recesses 10 in the inner facing sides of the finger grips 6,7. It is also shown in FIGS. 1 and 4 that the loop 11 has a diameter greater than the gap between the intumed extremities of the reentrant recess, that the legs of the spring 9 extend through that gap into the longitudinal recesses 10 and engage the finger grips 6,7 within the recesses 10 which continue, beyond the extreme ends of the legs of the spring 9, throughout the complete lengths of the finger grips 6,7.

Iclaim:

l. A clip comprising a single body of synthetic resinous plastic material consisting of two opposed elongated members and a bridge piece locally uniting the members intermediately along the lengths thereof to serve as a fulcrum, two adjacent ends of the members being finger grips and the other end parts of the members being jaws, the bridge piece having a concave arcuate face merging into the opposing faces of the finger grips, and a generally V-shape leaf spring located between the finger grips with the apex of the V-shape adjacent that arcuate face and the limbs of the V-shape spring extending in engagement with said opposing faces to force the finger grips apart and thereby rock the members in opposite senses about the bridge piece, as the fulcrum, to force the jaws into mutual engagement, wherein said concave arcuate face of the bridge piece extends through more than to form a reentrant recess with inturned extremities the apex of the V-shape spring is a loop which is arcuate through more than 180 and of diameter greater than the gap between, and defined by, the extremities of the reentrant recess, the loop is positioned within the reentrant recess with the limbs of the V-shape spring extending therefrom through the gap, and the finger grips are formed in said opposed faces thereof with longitudinal channels extending, away from the bridge piece, beyond the ends of the limbs of the spring which extend in the channels.

Claims (1)

1. A clip comprising a single body of synthetic resinous plastic material consisting of two opposed elongated members and a bridge piece locally uniting the members intermediately along the lengths thereof to serve as a fulcrum, two adjacent ends of the members being finger grips and the other end parts of the members being jaws, the bridge piece having a concave arcuate face merging into the opposing faces of the finger grips, and a generally V-shape leaf spring located between the finger grips with the apex of the V-shape adjacent that arcuate face and the limbs of the V-shape spring extending in engagement with said opposing faces to force the finger grips apart and thereby rock the members in opposite senses about the bridge piece, as the fulcrum, to force the jaws into mutual engagement, wherein said concave arcuate face of the bridge piece extends through more than 180* to form a reentrant recess with inturned extremities the apex of the V-shape spring is a loop which is arcuate through more than 180* and of diameter greater than the gap between, and defined by, the extremities of the reentrant recess, the loop is positioned within the reentrant recess with the limbs of the Vshape spring extending therefrom through the gap, and the finger grips are formed in said opposed faces thereof with longitudinal channels extending, away from the bridge piece, beyond the ends of the limbs of the spring which extend in the channels.
US3579751A 1968-05-30 1969-04-15 Clips useful in the medical field Expired - Lifetime US3579751A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB2601268A GB1190488A (en) 1968-05-30 1968-05-30 Improvements in or relating to Clips which may be Used in the Medical Field.

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US3579751A true US3579751A (en) 1971-05-25

Family

ID=10236965

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US3579751A Expired - Lifetime US3579751A (en) 1968-05-30 1969-04-15 Clips useful in the medical field

Country Status (7)

Country Link
US (1) US3579751A (en)
BE (1) BE733840A (en)
DE (1) DE1921689A1 (en)
FR (1) FR2009629A1 (en)
GB (1) GB1190488A (en)
LU (1) LU58717A1 (en)
NL (1) NL6907678A (en)

Cited By (24)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3687131A (en) * 1970-10-28 1972-08-29 Mark Rayport Biopsy clamp
US4192602A (en) * 1978-03-20 1980-03-11 Lamoreaux Kenneth C Jr Photographic film clip
US4290575A (en) * 1979-07-25 1981-09-22 Swartwout Everett W Integral clip and hanger
US4354660A (en) * 1981-02-02 1982-10-19 Baxter Travenol Laboratories Inc. In-line flow control clamp
EP0068848A1 (en) * 1981-06-25 1983-01-05 John Thomas Batts, Inc. A clamp for a clothes or like hanger
US4490326A (en) * 1981-07-30 1984-12-25 Ethicon, Inc. Molding process for polydioxanone polymers
US4671281A (en) * 1982-09-13 1987-06-09 Ethicon, Inc. Non-metallic, bio-compatible hemostatic clips (one piece wedge clip)
US4813107A (en) * 1987-09-04 1989-03-21 Warren Tool Corporation Spring clamp
US5083585A (en) * 1990-05-16 1992-01-28 Sulzer Brothers Limited Clamp element for a weft picking element
US5242456A (en) * 1991-11-21 1993-09-07 Kensey Nash Corporation Apparatus and methods for clamping tissue and reflecting the same
US5454826A (en) * 1993-02-26 1995-10-03 Mineluba Co., Ltd. Temporary clip with balloon activation means for controlling blood flow
US5496333A (en) * 1993-10-20 1996-03-05 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Laparoscopic surgical clamp
US5522837A (en) * 1991-12-27 1996-06-04 Latina; Mark A. Nasolacrimal duct occlusion device and method
US5765820A (en) * 1995-08-17 1998-06-16 Marusiak; Frank Three-way spring clamp
US5984934A (en) * 1997-10-10 1999-11-16 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Low-profile surgical clip
US6088889A (en) * 1997-09-03 2000-07-18 Edward Elson Clamp operable as a hemostasis valve
US6241740B1 (en) 1998-04-09 2001-06-05 Origin Medsystems, Inc. System and method of use for ligating and cutting tissue
US20060195125A1 (en) * 2003-03-06 2006-08-31 Ghassan Sakakine Spring clip and method for assembling same
US20070106314A1 (en) * 2005-11-02 2007-05-10 University Of Massachusetts Tissue clamp
US20080004637A1 (en) * 2006-04-29 2008-01-03 Klassen James B Surgical clip, applicator and applicator methods
US20080249547A1 (en) * 2005-11-02 2008-10-09 University Of Massachusetts Tissue clamp
US20100269309A1 (en) * 2007-12-20 2010-10-28 Omaha S.R.L. Clothes peg
CN105067373A (en) * 2015-08-19 2015-11-18 罗叶叶 Clamp-type plant tissue slicing knife
US9265514B2 (en) 2012-04-17 2016-02-23 Miteas Ltd. Manipulator for grasping tissue

Families Citing this family (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE2952618C2 (en) * 1979-12-28 1986-01-16 Springler-Tritt Chirurgische Nadeln Gmbh, 7893 Jestetten, De
EP0105414B1 (en) * 1982-09-28 1988-03-16 S & T Marketing AG Clip for a blood vessel, especially for use in microsurgery
GB8600097D0 (en) * 1986-01-03 1986-02-12 Pendy Plastic Prod Spring clip
FR2609625A1 (en) * 1986-11-26 1988-07-22 Laluque Jean Jacques Adjustable-pressure clip or clamp
EP0731669A1 (en) * 1992-12-11 1996-09-18 Tekdyne, Inc. Self-retaining retractor
GB2331787B (en) * 1997-11-27 2002-06-12 John David Marke Clamping system

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2002001A (en) * 1934-03-14 1935-05-21 Anna M Beard Clothes hanger
GB588854A (en) * 1945-12-28 1947-06-04 Margaret Lucy Mercy West Improvements relating to laundry pegs
US2749920A (en) * 1956-06-12 Hair setting device
US3247852A (en) * 1963-10-10 1966-04-26 Hollister Inc Umbilical cord clamp
US3250282A (en) * 1963-07-09 1966-05-10 Gaylord Prod Inc Hair clip
US3279479A (en) * 1963-06-24 1966-10-18 Nathan L Solomon One piece hair clip biased closed by a flexible spring finger

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2749920A (en) * 1956-06-12 Hair setting device
US2002001A (en) * 1934-03-14 1935-05-21 Anna M Beard Clothes hanger
GB588854A (en) * 1945-12-28 1947-06-04 Margaret Lucy Mercy West Improvements relating to laundry pegs
US3279479A (en) * 1963-06-24 1966-10-18 Nathan L Solomon One piece hair clip biased closed by a flexible spring finger
US3250282A (en) * 1963-07-09 1966-05-10 Gaylord Prod Inc Hair clip
US3247852A (en) * 1963-10-10 1966-04-26 Hollister Inc Umbilical cord clamp

Cited By (30)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3687131A (en) * 1970-10-28 1972-08-29 Mark Rayport Biopsy clamp
US4192602A (en) * 1978-03-20 1980-03-11 Lamoreaux Kenneth C Jr Photographic film clip
US4290575A (en) * 1979-07-25 1981-09-22 Swartwout Everett W Integral clip and hanger
US4354660A (en) * 1981-02-02 1982-10-19 Baxter Travenol Laboratories Inc. In-line flow control clamp
EP0068848A1 (en) * 1981-06-25 1983-01-05 John Thomas Batts, Inc. A clamp for a clothes or like hanger
US4490326A (en) * 1981-07-30 1984-12-25 Ethicon, Inc. Molding process for polydioxanone polymers
US4671281A (en) * 1982-09-13 1987-06-09 Ethicon, Inc. Non-metallic, bio-compatible hemostatic clips (one piece wedge clip)
US4813107A (en) * 1987-09-04 1989-03-21 Warren Tool Corporation Spring clamp
US5083585A (en) * 1990-05-16 1992-01-28 Sulzer Brothers Limited Clamp element for a weft picking element
US5242456A (en) * 1991-11-21 1993-09-07 Kensey Nash Corporation Apparatus and methods for clamping tissue and reflecting the same
US5522837A (en) * 1991-12-27 1996-06-04 Latina; Mark A. Nasolacrimal duct occlusion device and method
US5454826A (en) * 1993-02-26 1995-10-03 Mineluba Co., Ltd. Temporary clip with balloon activation means for controlling blood flow
US5496333A (en) * 1993-10-20 1996-03-05 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Laparoscopic surgical clamp
US5749881A (en) * 1993-10-20 1998-05-12 Applied Medical Resources Laparoscopic surgical clamp
US5765820A (en) * 1995-08-17 1998-06-16 Marusiak; Frank Three-way spring clamp
US6088889A (en) * 1997-09-03 2000-07-18 Edward Elson Clamp operable as a hemostasis valve
US5984934A (en) * 1997-10-10 1999-11-16 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Low-profile surgical clip
US6241740B1 (en) 1998-04-09 2001-06-05 Origin Medsystems, Inc. System and method of use for ligating and cutting tissue
US6527786B1 (en) 1998-04-09 2003-03-04 Origin Medsystems, Inc. System and method of use for ligating and cutting tissue
US20060195125A1 (en) * 2003-03-06 2006-08-31 Ghassan Sakakine Spring clip and method for assembling same
US7780688B2 (en) * 2003-03-06 2010-08-24 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Spring clip and method for assembling same
US20080249547A1 (en) * 2005-11-02 2008-10-09 University Of Massachusetts Tissue clamp
US20070106314A1 (en) * 2005-11-02 2007-05-10 University Of Massachusetts Tissue clamp
US7901420B2 (en) 2005-11-02 2011-03-08 University Of Massachusetts Tissue clamp
US8052700B2 (en) 2005-11-02 2011-11-08 University Of Massachusetts Tissue clamp
US20080004637A1 (en) * 2006-04-29 2008-01-03 Klassen James B Surgical clip, applicator and applicator methods
US20100269309A1 (en) * 2007-12-20 2010-10-28 Omaha S.R.L. Clothes peg
US9265514B2 (en) 2012-04-17 2016-02-23 Miteas Ltd. Manipulator for grasping tissue
US9610088B2 (en) 2012-04-17 2017-04-04 A-Base Korlatolt Felelossegu Tarsasag Manipulator for grasping tissue
CN105067373A (en) * 2015-08-19 2015-11-18 罗叶叶 Clamp-type plant tissue slicing knife

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
FR2009629A1 (en) 1970-02-06 application
LU58717A1 (en) 1969-08-29 application
DE1921689A1 (en) 1970-01-29 application
NL6907678A (en) 1969-07-25 application
BE733840A (en) 1969-11-03 grant
GB1190488A (en) 1970-05-06 application

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