US3549077A - Apparatus for fabricating thin-walled steel cylinders - Google Patents

Apparatus for fabricating thin-walled steel cylinders Download PDF

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Publication number
US3549077A
US3549077A US3549077DA US3549077A US 3549077 A US3549077 A US 3549077A US 3549077D A US3549077D A US 3549077DA US 3549077 A US3549077 A US 3549077A
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Prior art keywords
drum
apparatus
means
carriage
end
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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George E Huck
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Ameron Inc
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Ameron Inc
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21DWORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21D49/00Sheathing or stiffening objects
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21DWORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21D51/00Making hollow objects
    • B21D51/16Making hollow objects characterised by the use of the objects
    • B21D51/24Making hollow objects characterised by the use of the objects high-pressure containers, e.g. boilers, bottles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K9/00Arc welding or cutting
    • B23K9/02Seam welding; Backing means; Inserts
    • B23K9/032Seam welding; Backing means; Inserts for three-dimensional seams
    • B23K9/0325Seam welding; Backing means; Inserts for three-dimensional seams helicoidal seams
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T29/00Metal working
    • Y10T29/49Method of mechanical manufacture
    • Y10T29/49002Electrical device making
    • Y10T29/4902Electromagnet, transformer or inductor
    • Y10T29/49071Electromagnet, transformer or inductor by winding or coiling

Description

United States Patent [72] lnventor [21 Appl. No. [22] Filed [45] Patented [73] Assignee George E. Huck Fullerton, Calif.

Dec. 23, 1968 Dec. 22, 1970 Ameron, Inc.

Monterey Park, Calif.

a corporation of California Division of Ser. No. 524,018, Feb. 1, 1966, Patent No. 3,432,914.

assignment Original application Feb. 1, 1966, Ser. No. 524,018, now Patent No. 3,432,914. Divided and this application Dec. 23, 1968, Ser. No. 786,191

[54] APPARATUS FOR FABRICATING THIN-WALLED STEEL CYLINDERS 6 Claims, 6 Drawing Figs.

[52] U.S.Cl. 228/15, 29/477.3, 29/605: 93/80; 138/54; 219/62; 228/5, 228/17 [51 Int. Cl 823k l/20 [50] Field ofSearch 228/5, 15, 17; 219/62; 93/80; 29/477.3, 605; 138/54 [56} References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,167,722 l/1916 Scott 29/605 3,038,832 6/1962 Carlson et al. 93/80 3,269,632 8/1966 Groves et al 219/62 Primary Examiner-John F. Campbell Assistant Examiner-Robert J. Craig Attorney-William R. Graham ABSTRACT: A collapsible rotatable drum on which steel strip is wound helically from a traveling carriage for the supply of strip together with a gantry carrying welding means to join the edges of the strip into a cylinder, and motorized means for coordinating movement of the carriage and gantry with rotation of the drum.

APPARATUS FOR FABRICATING THIN-WALLED STEEL CYLINDERS This is a division of application Ser. No. 524,01 8, filed Feb. 1, 1966, now US. Pat. No. 3,432,914.

This invention has to do generally with the art of fabricating metal cylinders, and particularly with fabricating relatively thin-walled pipe cylinders used as a continuous cylindrical reinforcement member in large diameter concrete pipe.

In certain types of large diameter concrete pipe, a relatively thin-walled steel cylinder is embedded in the pipe wall by casting the pipe around the cylinder in the mold, and such cylinders are provided at one end with a bell-type joint ring or band and at the other end with a spigottype joint ring or band. It is customary to fabricate such reinforcement cylinders from steel sheets which have been flattened and sheared to size. These sheets are rolled into cylindrical form and a longitudinal seam formed by welding. It is then necessary to install the joint bands on the ends of the cylinder and, because of the large diameter of the cylinder, which may be served several feet, and the thinness of the metal wall, the cylinder is not self-supporting when disposed horizontal, tending to collapse and making it difficult to handle. Consequently, each such cylinder requires a special jig to support it, and special expanding presses and considerable labor are entailed to mount the joint rings on the ends of the cylinder. Furthermore, great difficulty is experienced in matching the cylinder to the joint rings and in so mounting the rings that they will be in axial alignment.

An object of the present invention isto provide novel means to enable use of a method of fabricating pipe cylinders of the type described, utilizing less expensive steel and requiring less time and labor than conventional methods.

A further object is to provide novel apparatus whereby the fabrication of the cylinder can be readily carried out and which assures axial alignment of the joint bands at the ends of the cylinder.

Another object is to provide novel apparatus for fabricating steel cylinders in which end rings or joint bands are firmly held in axial alignment and the sheet metal cylinder is formed therebetween by novel means which helically winds a length of strip steel between the bands.

By way of summary, it is an object of the invention to provide apparatus including a rotary drum, and both a carriage and gantry movable axially of the drum in which novel means is provided for rotating the drum and for moving the carriage and gantry in timed relation therewith and further for allowing selective driven movement of the carriage and gantry independent of the rotation of the drum.

These and other objects will be apparent from the drawings and the following description. Referring to the drawings, which are largely diagrammatic in character:

FIG. 1 is a plan view of apparatus embodying the invention;

FIG. 2 is a side elevational view of the apparatus of FIG. 1, on line 2-2 of FIG. 1;

FIG. 3 is an end elevational view, on line 3-3 of FIG. 2;

FIG. 4 is a longitudinal fragmentary sectional view through the wall of a completed cylinder on the drum upon which it is formed, on line 4-4 of FIG. 3;

FIG. 5 is a fragmentary plan view showing the way in which the steel strip is severed in the process; and

FIG. 6 is a fragmentary isometric view showing the product being removed from the supporting drum on which it was fabricated.

More particularly describing the invention, all the views of the drawings are diagrammatic in character since details of construction are unimportant. Reference numeral 11 generally designates a rotatably drum upon which the pipe cylinder is fabricated. This drum is supported by the structure 12 as a cantilever beam. However a bearing 13 is provided at the other end of the drum, and this is normally supported upon a removable or demountable .post 14 which is shown as pivotally mounted at its base on a suitable foundation 15. The structure 12 includes a conical openwork frame 16 rotatably supported at its outer end on a bearing 17 and having rim 18 supported on rollers 19. An electric motor 20 with suitable gear reduction means is shown connected to a shaft 21 through a chain drive 22. Shaft 21 drives a jackshaft 23 through a chain drive 24. Shaft 23 carries a pinion 25 which meshes with and drives a gear 26 on the structure 12.

The drum is preferably formed of three or more segments 27 mounted in such a manner that the drum may be partially collapsed radially inward, however, since drums of this type are well known, the details of such construction are not shown.

In conjunction with the drum, I provide a carriage 28 movable along a track 29 which extends generally axially of the drum, the track being parallel to and laterally spaced from the rotary axis (also the longitudinal axis) of the drum. This carriage is adapted to support a supply roll. of steel strip designated S.

I also provide a welding equipment support, designated 30, which is shown as a gantry structure traveling on rails 31 extending generally axially of the drum. The rails extend parallel to the rotary axis of the drum, being located on each side of the drum so that the gantry straddles the drum.

The motor 20 is also used for moving the carriage 28 and the gantry 30 longitudinally of the drum in timed relation with the rotation thereof, and by way of illustration I show a chain drive for each of these. Thus an endless chain 32 passes through a phase adjustable chain grip means 33 of any suitable type on the carriage (adapted normally to grip the chain but operable to advance or retard the carriage relative to the chain for the purpose of making adjustments) and is trained around sprockets 34 and 35, the latter being connectable to a shaft 36 by a clutch 37. Two chains 38 in spaced parallel relation are supported on sprockets 40 and 41 and a releasable chain grip means 42 is provided on gantry 30 for each chain. The two sprockets 41 are fixed on shaft 36. The latter is driven through a suitable gear and drive train means 43 which is powered by the main motor 20 and, when desired, by an auxiliary motor 45. The auxiliary motor is connected to shaft 2] by a belt drive means 47. A clutch 48 is included in shaft 21 between the two motors.

With the arrangement described, the shaft 36 can be driven independently of the main motor when clutch 48 is disengaged for the purpose of moving the gantry 30 and the carriage 28 independently of the rotation of the drum. However, it will be apparent that when the clutch 48 is engaged and the motor 20 is rotating the drum, shaft 36 will be turned in timed relation with the rotation of the drum and consequently both the carriage 28 and gantry 30 can therefore be caused to travel axially of the drum in timed relation to the speed of rotation of the drum. If desired, the gantry 30 can be released from the drive chains and thus remain stationary to provide a stationary platform for welding and thus enable a welding means 55 to be used for making a circumferential girth weld.

In using the apparatus I first mount the two end or joint rings 50 on drum 11 by partially collapsing the drum and placing the rings thereon in proper spaced relation and then returning the drum to its expanded cylindrical form to hold the joint rings in place. In some cases it may be desirable to clamp the joint rings to the drum. Lugs 52 and abutment pins 53 are provided at the inner and outer ends of the drum, respectively.

With the joint rings in place I then weld the end of a length of the steel strip S to one of the end rings, preferably the one designated 50, and for this purpose the end of the strip is first sheared at an angle to provide an end edge S (FIG. 5) so that it will form a squared end when the strip is wound helically about the drum. The strip is then wound upon the drum from ring 50 to ring 51 and this is accomplished by rotating the drum as previously described and at the same time causing the carriage 28 to travel along the track axially of the drum in timed relation thereto. The carriage is so oriented with respect to the drum and the end rings thereon that the strip will be wound at the desired helix angle. Also, any suitable means may be used on the carriage for resisting the pulling of the 7 a or for any other purpose.

a When the wrapping of the steel strip has progressed to ring 51, the strip is then tack-welded to such end ring and sheared at an angle, as along the broken line S" in FIG. 5, so that the end of the cylinder as wound will also be square or normal to the axis. At this point itmay be noted that in shearing the strip to form the end thereof, the same shearing operation forms the beginning end of the strip for the next winding operation. Any suitable type of joint may be formed during the welding of the seam and when the welding has been completed the post Ifl is lowered and the completed pipe cylinder 58 removed from the drum, the drum being collapsed for the purpose and the cylinder being moved by means of a suitable sling 60 placed therearounii and a conventional hoist or the like (not shown).

1 claim:

1. ln apparatus for fabricating relatively large diameter steel cylinders of relatively thinstrip stock with a joint band at each end, a cylindrical drum, motorized means at one end of the drum for supporting the drum as a cantilever and for rotating the drum, a carriagemovable along a path parallel to the rotary axis of the drum, means for moving said carriage in timed relation to the rotation of said drum-means mounted on said carriage for carrying a supply of steel strip and allowing the strip to pay out and be wound about the drum, a wheeled welding equipment support mounted for movement along a path extending axially of the drum, and means for moving said support in timed relation to the rotation of said drum.

2. The apparatus set forth in claim 1 in which said drum is provided with a bearingat its free end, and in which a removable support is provided between a foundation and said bearmg.

3. ln apparatus for-fabricating steel cylinders of relatively thin strip stock, a drum mounted for rotation, a motor, a drive connection between said motor and said drum for rotating the drum, a'carriage mounted for movement along a path to one side of the drum and extending parallel to the rotary axis thereof and adapted to carry are" of steel strip. to beiwoiirid about'the drum in a helical pattern, means for moving the car'- riage-in timed relation with rotation ofithe drum including a drive train connected to the drive connection between the motor and the drum, and auxiliary'inotorized means for moving saidcarriage independently of rotation of the drum.

4. The apparatus set. forth in claim 3 in which a gantrylike welding means support is mounted to straddle said drum and for movement axially thereof, and in which means is provided formoving said support in timed relation to rotation of the drum, and in which further means is provided for moving said support independentlyof rotation of said drum.

5. In apparatus for fabricating steel cylinders of relatively thin strip stock, a drum, means supporting the drum for rota tion, a motor, a drive connection between said motor and said drum for rotating the drum, a carriage mounted for movement along a path to one side of the drum and extending parallel to the rotary axis thereof and adapted to carry a roll of steel strip to be wound about the drum in a helical pattern, means for moving the carriage in timed relation with rotation of the drum including a drive shaft extending normal to the rotary axis of the drum, a ,drive connection including a clutch between said shaft and said motor, and drive chain means connected to 'saidcarriage and driven by said shaft, and an auxiliary motor operably connected to said shaft between said clutch and said shaft.

6. The apparatus setj'forth in claim 5 in which a gantrylike /l i" UNI'IICI) S'lA'll-lh' IA'IICN'I (mum:

CERTIFICATE OF CQRRE JTION Patent No. 3,549,077 Dated December 22, 1970 Inven George E. Huck It is certified that error appears in the above-identified patent and that said Letters Patent are hereby corrected as shown below:

Column 1, line 20, delete "served"; line 69, "rotatably" should be --rotatable--.

Column 2, line 57, after "rings 50" insert --and 5l--.

Signed and sealed this 28th day of September 1971 (SEAL) Attest:

EDWARD M.FLETCHER,JR. ROBERT GOTTSCHALK Attesting Officer Acting Commissioner of Pate:

US3549077A 1966-02-01 1968-12-23 Apparatus for fabricating thin-walled steel cylinders Expired - Lifetime US3549077A (en)

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Cited By (20)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3786226A (en) * 1969-07-28 1974-01-15 Johns Manville Jacket for cylindrical article and method and apparatus for forming said jacket
US3863425A (en) * 1973-05-14 1975-02-04 John Edwards And Associates In Apparatus for wrapping elongate cylindrical objects
US3879977A (en) * 1971-12-27 1975-04-29 Ford B Cauffiel Tapered pole and method and apparatus for producing same
US3928939A (en) * 1973-05-14 1975-12-30 John Edwards & Associates Inc Method of wrapping elongate cylindrical objects
FR2440243A1 (en) * 1978-11-04 1980-05-30 Schaefer Maschbau Wilhelm Apparatus for welding together pipes or pipe sections and then welded in a helix shaped strip thereon
FR2455930A1 (en) * 1979-05-07 1980-12-05 Babcock & Wilcox Co cooling jacket manufacturing process dilated
US4300326A (en) * 1980-03-10 1981-11-17 Lantech Inc. Stretch wrapping apparatus with mechanical closure
FR2489799A1 (en) * 1980-09-09 1982-03-12 Khismatulin Enver Helical winding of steel strip round pressure vessel - by machine using travelling portal carrying devices which stretch strip and press it against vessel
FR2498579A1 (en) * 1981-01-28 1982-07-30 Makarov Viktor Machine for making bodies of multilayer high-pressure vessels - has main and secondary strip coil and tensioner systems on gantry and crossbar
FR2537895A1 (en) * 1982-12-17 1984-06-22 Ja Ro Ab Oy Heat exchanger forming and fastening process
US4505417A (en) * 1981-01-15 1985-03-19 Makarov Viktor M Mill for manufacturing bodies of multilayer high-pressure vessels
US4611751A (en) * 1983-01-12 1986-09-16 Thyssen Aktiengesellschaft Method and apparatus for the manufacture of cylindrical hollow bodies
US4746049A (en) * 1984-12-04 1988-05-24 Mitsubishi Jukogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Apparatus for fabricating multi-layer spiral tubes
US5069382A (en) * 1990-11-16 1991-12-03 Solar Turbines Incorporated Apparatus and method for producing a pressure vessel from metal tubing
US7784995B2 (en) * 2002-05-31 2010-08-31 Anthony Khouri Vehicle mounted concrete mixing drum and method of manufacture thereof
US7850364B2 (en) 2004-05-18 2010-12-14 Mcneilus Truck And Manufacturing, Inc. Concrete batch plant with polymeric mixer drum
US8070348B2 (en) 2003-08-15 2011-12-06 Khouri Anthony J Mixing drum blade
US8070349B2 (en) 2003-08-15 2011-12-06 Khouri Anthony J Mixing drum
US8162529B2 (en) 2004-03-04 2012-04-24 Mcneilus Truck And Manufacturing, Inc. Mixing drum
US8287173B2 (en) 2003-08-15 2012-10-16 Mcneilus Truck And Manufacturing, Inc. Mixing drum hatch

Cited By (22)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3786226A (en) * 1969-07-28 1974-01-15 Johns Manville Jacket for cylindrical article and method and apparatus for forming said jacket
US3879977A (en) * 1971-12-27 1975-04-29 Ford B Cauffiel Tapered pole and method and apparatus for producing same
US3863425A (en) * 1973-05-14 1975-02-04 John Edwards And Associates In Apparatus for wrapping elongate cylindrical objects
US3928939A (en) * 1973-05-14 1975-12-30 John Edwards & Associates Inc Method of wrapping elongate cylindrical objects
FR2440243A1 (en) * 1978-11-04 1980-05-30 Schaefer Maschbau Wilhelm Apparatus for welding together pipes or pipe sections and then welded in a helix shaped strip thereon
US4295592A (en) * 1978-11-04 1981-10-20 Wilhelm Schafer Maschinenbau Apparatus for joining and cladding pipe sections
US4295255A (en) * 1979-05-07 1981-10-20 The Babcock & Wilcox Company Expanded cooling jacket assembly
FR2455930A1 (en) * 1979-05-07 1980-12-05 Babcock & Wilcox Co cooling jacket manufacturing process dilated
US4300326A (en) * 1980-03-10 1981-11-17 Lantech Inc. Stretch wrapping apparatus with mechanical closure
FR2489799A1 (en) * 1980-09-09 1982-03-12 Khismatulin Enver Helical winding of steel strip round pressure vessel - by machine using travelling portal carrying devices which stretch strip and press it against vessel
US4505417A (en) * 1981-01-15 1985-03-19 Makarov Viktor M Mill for manufacturing bodies of multilayer high-pressure vessels
FR2498579A1 (en) * 1981-01-28 1982-07-30 Makarov Viktor Machine for making bodies of multilayer high-pressure vessels - has main and secondary strip coil and tensioner systems on gantry and crossbar
FR2537895A1 (en) * 1982-12-17 1984-06-22 Ja Ro Ab Oy Heat exchanger forming and fastening process
US4611751A (en) * 1983-01-12 1986-09-16 Thyssen Aktiengesellschaft Method and apparatus for the manufacture of cylindrical hollow bodies
US4746049A (en) * 1984-12-04 1988-05-24 Mitsubishi Jukogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Apparatus for fabricating multi-layer spiral tubes
US5069382A (en) * 1990-11-16 1991-12-03 Solar Turbines Incorporated Apparatus and method for producing a pressure vessel from metal tubing
US7784995B2 (en) * 2002-05-31 2010-08-31 Anthony Khouri Vehicle mounted concrete mixing drum and method of manufacture thereof
US8070348B2 (en) 2003-08-15 2011-12-06 Khouri Anthony J Mixing drum blade
US8070349B2 (en) 2003-08-15 2011-12-06 Khouri Anthony J Mixing drum
US8287173B2 (en) 2003-08-15 2012-10-16 Mcneilus Truck And Manufacturing, Inc. Mixing drum hatch
US8162529B2 (en) 2004-03-04 2012-04-24 Mcneilus Truck And Manufacturing, Inc. Mixing drum
US7850364B2 (en) 2004-05-18 2010-12-14 Mcneilus Truck And Manufacturing, Inc. Concrete batch plant with polymeric mixer drum

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