US3509693A - Equestrian electric spur - Google Patents

Equestrian electric spur Download PDF

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US3509693A
US3509693A US3509693DA US3509693A US 3509693 A US3509693 A US 3509693A US 3509693D A US3509693D A US 3509693DA US 3509693 A US3509693 A US 3509693A
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spur
construction
horse
electrodes
equestrian
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Herbert C French
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HERBERT C FRENCH
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HERBERT C FRENCH
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A43FOOTWEAR
    • A43CFASTENINGS OR ATTACHMENTS OF FOOTWEAR; LACES IN GENERAL
    • A43C17/00Spurs

Description

May 5, 1970 H. c. FRENCH EQUESTRIAN ELECTRIC SPUR Filed- July 26, 196'? INVENTOR HERBERT C. FRENCH BY ,fiMMWW FIG. 3

United States Patent 3,509,693 EQUESTRIAN ELECTRIC SPUR Herbert C. French, 691 E. Deerfield Road, Rte. 3, Mount Pleasant, Mich. 48858 Filed July 26, 1967, Ser. No. 656,282 Int. Cl. A43c 17/00 US. Cl. 54-83 8 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE An electric spur construction having a support adapted for mounting on the foot of a person and including two spaced apart electrodes to which a voltage is applied whereby engagement of the electrodes with the flank of a horse will cause a mild electrical shock to be transmitted to the horse.

The invention herein disclosed relates to a horsemans spur construction of the kind especially adapted for use in the training or competitive riding of horses and more particularly to a spur construction having means by which mild electrical shocks can be transmitted to the horse when desired so as to enable the achievement of the desired performance of the horse without injuring or defacing the horse.

In the training of horses and in the competitive riding of horses, such as in rodeos, for example, it frequently is necessary to force a horse to react in a predetermined manner. To accomplish this objective, it is quite common for the rider to wear a spur on each foot and to apply the spurs to the flanks or shoulders of the horse. Many of the spurs currently in use have sharpened tips or rowels which, applied to the horse, produce the desired reaction, but frequently break or wound the horses skin. Such wounds not only can be painful to the horse but also risk infection. In addition, such wounds, when healed, frequently present an unsightly appearance.

An object of this invention is to provide a spur construction which is capable of producing a desired reaction of a horse, but which overcomes the disadvantages of conventional spurs.

Another object of the invention is to provide a spur construction including electrical means operable to transmit to a horse mild electrical shocks under the control of the rider.

A further object of the invention is to provide a spur construction of the character described which is self-contained and operable or inoperable at the will of the rider.

A further object of the invention is to provide an electrified spur construction which is economical to manufacture, easy to operate, and rugged and durable in use.

Other objects and advantages of the invention will be pointed out specifically or will become apparent from the following description when it is considered in conjunction with the appended claims and the accompanying drawings, in which:

FIG. 1 is a top plan view of a spur constructed in accordance with the invention;

FIG. 2 is a somewhat diagrammatic, partly sectional view, the section being taken on line 22 of FIG. 1; and

FIG. 3 is a simplified, schematic wiring diagram.

Apparatus constructed in accordance with the invention comprises an arcuate or generally U-shaped support member 1 formed preferably of steel or some other suitable material and having a pair of substantially parallel arms 2 and 3 that are adapted to straddle the heel of a persons foot. The arms are joined at corresponding ends by a web 4. Substantially midway between its ends the web 4 is provided with a rearwardly extending projection 3,509,693 Patented May 5, 1970 "ice 5. The web 4 is provided with an elongated opening 6 which extends from the arm 2 toward and terminates in a cavity 7 within the projection 5. In communication with the cavity 7 is a pair of parallel, vertically spaced apart passages 8 and 9. Accommodated in the passage 8 is an electrode 10 which is insulated from the member 5 by an insulating sleeve 11 formed of nonconductive material. A similar electrode 12 is mounted in the passage 9 and is insulated from the body 1 by a similar insulating sleeve 13.

'Extending from the web 4 toward the arm 2 is a passage 14 Which intersects the passage 6 and terminates in a vertical passage 15. Preferably, the ends of the passages 6 and 14 adjacent their point of intersection are closed by suitable plugs (not shown).

Means designated generally by the reference character 16 is provided for applying a voltage to the electrodes 10 and 12 and comprises a case 17 formed of insulating material in which is mounted a battery 18 that is connected by a wire 19 to one terminal 20 of a vibrator 21. The other terminal 22 normally is held against the terminal 20 by means of a spring 23 and is electrically connected to the primary winding 24 of a step-up, iron-core transformer 25. The primary winding 24 is connected by a wire 26 to the battery 18 via a manually operable switch 27. The secondary winding 28 of the transformer 25 is connected by wires 29 and 30 to the electrodes 10 and 12, respectively. Portions of the wires 29 and 30 are acccommodated in the passages 6, 14 and 15 of the body 1.

The case 17 preferably has a cover 31 and an opening 32 through which the switch 27 projects so as to enable its operation from outside the case. It also is preferred that the case have a spring clip 33 or similar attaching device secured thereto by means of which the apparatus may be attached to some portion of a persons clothing such as a belt or boot.

Means 34 is provided for mounting the member 1 on the foot of a person and comprises a pair of straps 35 and 36, one of which is provided with a buckle 37 at one end that is adapted to receive and secure the adjacent end of the corresponding strap. The strap 35 may be secured by a rivet 38 to the arm 3 and the strap 36 may be secured by another rivet 39 to the arm 2.

In the operation of the apparatus, the body 1 may be strapped to one foot of the rider so that the projection 5 extends rearwardly of the riders foot. The case 17 may be supported on the riders boot by means of the clip 33. The construction may be used as a conventional spur, if desired, but when the rider wishes to use the spur electrically he may close the switch 27, whereupon a current pulse will pass through the transformer primary winding 24 via the contacts 20 and 22. This will effect magnetization of the transformer core so as to retract the terminal 22 and break the circuit to the battery 18, whereupon the spring 23 will restore the terminal 22 into engagement with the contact 20 so as to initiate another current pulse. The making and breaking of the contacts 20 will cause a series of voltage pulses to be induced in the secondary winding 28 which will be applied to the electrodes 10 and 12. Whenever the rider engages the electrodes 10 and 12 with the horse, mild electrical shocks will be transmitted to the horse thereby causing the latter to react in a manner desired by the rider. Thus, it is not necessary to apply any significant spur pressure to the horse and con sequently the likelihood of wounding the horse is remote.

It will be understood, although only one spur is illustrated, two similar spurs are intended to be used, one for each foot of the rider. Thus, all of the apparatus disclosed in the drawings may be duplicated for the second spur or, if desired, a second set of wires similar to the wires 29 and 30 may extend from the transformer to the second spur. In this case, the case 17 would be supported on the riders belt with the two sets of wires extending therefrom to the two spurs.

The disclosed embodiment is representative of a presently preferred form of the invention but is intended to be illustrative rather than definitive thereof.

I claim:

1. An electric spur construction adapted to be mounted on a-foot of a person, said construction comprising a generally U-shaped heel engaging support member; releasable means on said support member for mounting the latter on a persons foot; a pair of spaced apart electrodes carried by an intermediate portion of said support and extending externally thereof in a direction outwardly of the U, said electrodes being located one above the other when said support member is mounted on a persons foot; electrical means in circuit with said electrodes for applying a voltage thereto; and switch means forming part of said circuit selectively operable to disable the application of voltage to said electrodes and to enable the continuous application of voltage to said electrodes.

2. The construction set forth in claim 1 wherein said support member comprises an arcuate member adapted to straddle the heel of a persons foot.

3. The construction set forth in claim 1 wherein said 5 electrodes extend from said arcuate member substantially midway between its ends.

4. The construction set forth in claim 1 including a 5. The construction set forth in claim 4 wherein said container includes attaching means for removably attaching said container to an article of clothing.

6. The construction set forth in claim 1 wherein said electrical means includes a transformer.

7. The construction set forth in claim 6 wherein said electrical means includes a source of direct current and a vibrator.

8. The construction set forth in claim 1 wherein said support member is formed of electrically conductive material and wherein said electrodes are insulated from said support member but not from each other.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,293,043 2/1919 Cook 54-83 2,023,950 12/ 1935 Carter 11929 2,441,812 5/ 1948 Haffner 23 l-2 2,484,147 10/1949 Bartel 2312 2,722,912 11/1955 Lindstrom et al 119130 3,161,005 12/ 1964 Ackerson 119-29 X FOREIGN PATENTS 10,986 6/ 1893 Great Britain. 3,639 2/ 1911 Great Britain.

ALDRICH F. MEDBERY, Primary Examiner US. Cl. X.R.

US3509693D 1967-07-26 1967-07-26 Equestrian electric spur Expired - Lifetime US3509693A (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4394956A (en) * 1976-12-27 1983-07-26 The Magrath Company Electric stock prod
US4945860A (en) * 1986-12-16 1990-08-07 Walker Peter C Stock handling device
US5099797A (en) * 1990-01-11 1992-03-31 Tri-Tronics, Inc. Electrode structure for collar mounted animal training apparatus
US5193484A (en) * 1986-11-26 1993-03-16 Tri-Tronics, Inc. Electrode structure for collar mounted animal training apparatus
US5605116A (en) * 1994-09-01 1997-02-25 D.T. Systems, Inc. Electronic animal training system
US20040159084A1 (en) * 2003-02-19 2004-08-19 Franklin Reid Albert Gripping riding spurs

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB191103639A (en) * 1910-02-28 1911-05-04 Ernst Von Wurmbrand-Stuppach Improvements in Spurs.
US1293043A (en) * 1917-06-21 1919-02-04 Landon H Cook Spur.
US2023950A (en) * 1934-06-08 1935-12-10 Carter Randolph Hicks Animal training device
US2441812A (en) * 1946-08-12 1948-05-18 Louis D Haffner Electric prodder
US2484147A (en) * 1948-05-26 1949-10-11 George H Bartel Stock prod
US2722912A (en) * 1954-06-18 1955-11-08 Merrill S Lindstrom Electric calf weaner
US3161005A (en) * 1963-07-12 1964-12-15 Richard E Ackerson Electric animal training device

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB191103639A (en) * 1910-02-28 1911-05-04 Ernst Von Wurmbrand-Stuppach Improvements in Spurs.
US1293043A (en) * 1917-06-21 1919-02-04 Landon H Cook Spur.
US2023950A (en) * 1934-06-08 1935-12-10 Carter Randolph Hicks Animal training device
US2441812A (en) * 1946-08-12 1948-05-18 Louis D Haffner Electric prodder
US2484147A (en) * 1948-05-26 1949-10-11 George H Bartel Stock prod
US2722912A (en) * 1954-06-18 1955-11-08 Merrill S Lindstrom Electric calf weaner
US3161005A (en) * 1963-07-12 1964-12-15 Richard E Ackerson Electric animal training device

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4394956A (en) * 1976-12-27 1983-07-26 The Magrath Company Electric stock prod
US5193484A (en) * 1986-11-26 1993-03-16 Tri-Tronics, Inc. Electrode structure for collar mounted animal training apparatus
US4945860A (en) * 1986-12-16 1990-08-07 Walker Peter C Stock handling device
US5099797A (en) * 1990-01-11 1992-03-31 Tri-Tronics, Inc. Electrode structure for collar mounted animal training apparatus
US5605116A (en) * 1994-09-01 1997-02-25 D.T. Systems, Inc. Electronic animal training system
US20040159084A1 (en) * 2003-02-19 2004-08-19 Franklin Reid Albert Gripping riding spurs

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