US3508543A - Mouth-to-mouth and nose resuscitation device - Google Patents

Mouth-to-mouth and nose resuscitation device Download PDF

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US3508543A
US3508543A US634248A US3508543DA US3508543A US 3508543 A US3508543 A US 3508543A US 634248 A US634248 A US 634248A US 3508543D A US3508543D A US 3508543DA US 3508543 A US3508543 A US 3508543A
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mouth
device
tubes
resuscitation
victims
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US634248A
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Orlando T Aulicono
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Orlando T Aulicono
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M16/00Devices for influencing the respiratory system of patients by gas treatment, e.g. mouth-to-mouth respiration; Tracheal tubes
    • A61M16/06Respiratory or anaesthetic masks
    • A61M16/0666Nasal cannulas or tubing
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M16/00Devices for influencing the respiratory system of patients by gas treatment, e.g. mouth-to-mouth respiration; Tracheal tubes
    • A61M16/0048Mouth-to-mouth respiration
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M16/00Devices for influencing the respiratory system of patients by gas treatment, e.g. mouth-to-mouth respiration; Tracheal tubes
    • A61M16/04Tracheal tubes
    • A61M16/0488Mouthpieces; Means for guiding, securing or introducing the tubes
    • A61M16/049Mouthpieces
    • A61M16/0493Mouthpieces with means for protecting the tube from damage caused by the patient's teeth, e.g. bite block
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M16/00Devices for influencing the respiratory system of patients by gas treatment, e.g. mouth-to-mouth respiration; Tracheal tubes
    • A61M16/04Tracheal tubes
    • A61M16/0488Mouthpieces; Means for guiding, securing or introducing the tubes
    • A61M16/049Mouthpieces
    • A61M16/0495Mouthpieces with tongue depressors

Description

April 28, 1970 o. T. AULICONO 3,508,543

MOUTH-TO-MOUTH AND NOSE RESUSCITATION DEVICE Filed April 27, 1967 INVENTOR. ORLANBO T. AULECINO hjs ATTORNEY "United States Patent 3,508,543 MOUTH-TO-MUUTH AND NOSE RESUSCITATION DEVICE Orlando T. Aulieono, 6584 Navarro St., Pittsburgh, Pa. 15206 Filed Apr. 27, 1967, Ser. No. 634,248 Int. Cl. A62b 7/00 US. Cl. 128145.5 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE A resuscitation device having tubes which are placed in the mouth and nostrils of the victim so that a rescuer can quickly and easily blow air into the victims mouth and nose.

This invention relates to a mouth-to-mouth and nose resuscitation device. More particularly, this invention relates to a resuscitation device which has several interconnecting tubes which are used to breathe into a victims lungs both through his mouth and through his nostrils.

Even though direct mouth-to-mouth resuscitation has been shown to be a far more eflective means of artificial respiration than direct pressure methods, there are several reasons why mouth-to-mouth resuscitation is avoided. There is, of course, a natural aversion to direct mouth contact with a strange person. Frequently the accident also produces blood, foam or other substances around the mouth area of the victim. In addition, same degree of skill and practice is required before a direct mouthto-mouth technique is effective and so that air does not seep out from the victims nostrils or from under his lips during the breathing process. A final drawback to using direct means is the possibility of the victims tongue blocking the air passage making resuscitation impossible.

An object of the present invention is to provide a simple, inexpensive and eflicient device which will obviate the above-named disadvantages.

A more specific object of the invention is to provide a device which has tubes to supply air to both a victims mouth and to his nostrils.

Another important object is to provide a device which can be securely held by the mouth and teeth of the person administering the artificial respiration, especially if he is wearing dental plates which would otherwise be blown out without this device.

Still another object of the invention is to provide a device which can readily be adapted to use on children and infants.

Other objects and advantages will become more apparent from a study of the following description when taken with the accompanying drawing wherein:

FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a resuscitation device which embodies the present invention;

FIG. 2 is a perspective view of the device While in position for use on a victim; and

FIG. 3 is a perspective view of the device showing a modification of the nostril tubes.

Referring more particularly to FIG. 1 of the drawing, main tube 1 has a flared end terminating in a bit portion, generally denoted by numeral 2, which is rounded into lip 3. The other end of the tube has an opening 4 through which air is forced into a victims mouth and lungs.

A shield 6 is integrally or slidably mounted on main tube 1 at a point which is approximately midway between opening 4 and bit portion 2, and in a preferred embodiment, may be curved away from bit portion 2 so as to fit the contour of the face of the victim.

Both shield 6 and tube 1 are made of plastic or other suitable material which is both strong and flexible. The cost of producing this device is low enough so that it 3,508,543 Patented Apr. 28, 1970 can be used once and then discarded, thus avoiding the cost and inconvenience of cleaning or sterilizing.

A pair of nostril tubes 7 are connected to main tube 1 through a pair of holes 5 located just below bit portion 2. The other ends of tubes 7 are tapered slightly to permit easy insertion into the nostrils of the victim. The tubes 7 are long enough to extend well up into the victims nostrils when main tube 1 is positioned in the victims mouth. Tubes 7 are of a soft, flexible material such as rubber or soft plastic so as not to injure the lining of the victims nasal cavity. Tubes 7 may also be equipped with plugs (as shown in FIG. 3) at either or both ends to seal them if they are not needed.

In operation, once the victim has been placed on his back, his head tilted backward and his mouth cleared of any obstructions, the lower portion of main tube 1 is inserted into the victims mouth so as to depress the tongue downwardly and away from the breathing passage. In this position, shield 6 will rest firmly on the victims mouth to form an airtight seal to prevent the escape of air during resuscitation.

The pair of nostril tubes 7 are inserted into the victims nostrils and held there by the friction of the skin surface against the tapered ends of the tubes thus freeing both hands to enable the victim to regain breathing by working his rib cage to help expel air is necessary.

The rescuer then turns his face at right angles to that of the victim and places his mouth and teeth over bit portion 2. The rescuers lips will complete the seal of main tube 1.

The rescuer now blows into the device at a rate which approximates twice normal breathing (the normal rate being about 12 breaths per minute for adults and 22 for children), lifting his month away from the bit portion 2 after each breath so as to allow the victims lungs to expel air through normal contraction. This process is repeated until the victim shows signs of breathing for himself or until competent medical help arrives.

In the event that the victim is a child or an infant, a device of smaller size may be used; if using a device of standard size, shield 6 may he slid toward opening 4 thereby shortening the length of the tube portion inserted into the mouth. Since the ends of nostril tubes 7 are tapered, they will readily fit into the nostrils of even the smallest child.

It should be noted that this device is especially useful in applying artificial respiration to children. Ordinarily, it is difficult for a rescuer having a normal adults mouth to get an adequate seal on the mouth of a child or an infant. With this device, it is not only possible to obtain such a seal, but the device has the added advantage of providing tubes to breathe into the nostrils as well as the mouth of the child. In this way it is possible to supply an adequate supply of air to a child in distress.

Thus it can been seen that I have provided an efficient, simple and inexpensive resuscitation device which can be readily adapted for use on both adults and children and which avoids the disadvantages of direct contact resuscitation.

While I have illustrated several embodiments of my invention it must be understood that this is by way of illustration only and what various changes and modifications are possible within the contemplation of my description and within the scope of the following claims.

I claim:

1. A mouth-to-mouth and nose resuscitation device comprising a main tube,

a flanged bit portion integrally formed at one end of the tube,

a shield portion intermediate said tube radiating from its entire perimeter and mounted thereon, and

a pair of nostril tubes one end of which are inserted in the walls of said tube between said bit portion and said shield portion, said nostril tubes being of sufficient length to be insertable in a victoms nostrils during mouth-to-mouth and nose resuscitation.

2. A resuscitation device as recited in claim 1 wherein said main tube is of a flexible material such as polyethelyne plastic.

3. A resuscitation device as recited in claim 1 wherein said shield portion is curved downwardly with respect to said bit portion and is slidably mounted on said main tube.

4. A resuscitation device as recited in claim 1 together with plugs for insertion into both ends of said nostril tubes so that said nostril tubes may be sealed if desired.

5. A resuscitation device as recited in claim 1 wherein said insertable portions of said nostril tubes are tapered for easier insertion into the nostrils of a victim.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,470,297 5/1949 Fields. 1,009,083 11/1911 McNamee 128146 3,106,916 10/1963 Matthes 12s 3s1x 10 3,303,845 2/1967 Detrner 12s*145.5

ANTON O. OECHSLE, Primary Examiner T. BROWN, Assistant Examiner

US634248A 1967-04-27 1967-04-27 Mouth-to-mouth and nose resuscitation device Expired - Lifetime US3508543A (en)

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Cited By (24)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3730179A (en) * 1970-10-30 1973-05-01 A Williams Combination resuscitating, aspirating and gastric draining apparatus
US3802428A (en) * 1969-09-09 1974-04-09 M Sherman Disposable device for applying mouth to mouth resuscitation
US4440161A (en) * 1981-09-01 1984-04-03 Wadhwa Rajinder K Multipurpose nasal airway
GB2176406A (en) * 1985-06-12 1986-12-31 Vitalograph Limited Breathing aid
GB2198957A (en) * 1986-12-09 1988-06-29 James Ian Brayshaw Mouth to mouth resuscitator
US4782832A (en) * 1987-07-30 1988-11-08 Puritan-Bennett Corporation Nasal puff with adjustable sealing means
US4819627A (en) * 1988-02-08 1989-04-11 Connors Donald J Cardiopulmonary resuscitation device
US4893620A (en) * 1985-03-27 1990-01-16 Wadwha Rajindar K Multipurpose nasal airway
US5042478A (en) * 1988-08-26 1991-08-27 University Technologies International, Inc. Method of ventilation using nares seal
US5375593A (en) * 1994-02-10 1994-12-27 Press; John R. Oxygenating pacifier
US5513634A (en) * 1994-05-06 1996-05-07 Chek-Med Systems, Inc. Combination integral bite block airway and nasal cannula
US5752510A (en) * 1996-11-14 1998-05-19 Goldstein; Joseph Nasal and oral air passageway delivery management apparatus
US5950620A (en) * 1998-06-29 1999-09-14 Stricklin; Walter D. Resuscitation device for use with stomas
US20040129273A1 (en) * 2002-10-03 2004-07-08 Scott Laboratories, Inc. Bite block apparatus and method for use with a sedation and analgesia system
US20060112962A1 (en) * 2002-12-06 2006-06-01 Tebbutt Adam A Mouthpiece
US20060207597A1 (en) * 2005-03-15 2006-09-21 Wright Clifford A Adjustable bite block for respirator
US7171962B1 (en) * 2005-01-14 2007-02-06 Gloria Turner Bloem Soft oral airway for intravenous anesthesia and method of use
US20080110456A1 (en) * 2006-11-10 2008-05-15 Encompas Unlimited, Inc. Bite block system and method
US20100147298A1 (en) * 2008-12-12 2010-06-17 A Plus Medical Infant pacifier fluid delivery device and pacifier assembly
WO2011151479A2 (en) * 2010-05-19 2011-12-08 Javier Ernesto Maselli Respirator - cpr resuscitation device
CN103432666A (en) * 2013-09-06 2013-12-11 屈国栋 Artificial respiration rescue device
USD760385S1 (en) * 2015-05-05 2016-06-28 Mark McKee Endotracheal tube bite block
US20170049985A1 (en) * 2015-08-17 2017-02-23 JADA Medical LLC Carbon dioxide airway adaptor
USD871571S1 (en) * 2013-01-11 2019-12-31 Somnics, Inc. Oral device for negative pressure device for treating sleep disorder

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1009083A (en) * 1911-05-05 1911-11-21 Christopher Mcnamee Air-supply armor.
US2470297A (en) * 1947-09-04 1949-05-17 Abbott Lab Inhalator
US3106916A (en) * 1960-09-16 1963-10-15 Daniel N Matthes Resuscitation tube
US3303845A (en) * 1964-09-21 1967-02-14 Gordon P St Clair Mouth-to-mouth resuscitator

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1009083A (en) * 1911-05-05 1911-11-21 Christopher Mcnamee Air-supply armor.
US2470297A (en) * 1947-09-04 1949-05-17 Abbott Lab Inhalator
US3106916A (en) * 1960-09-16 1963-10-15 Daniel N Matthes Resuscitation tube
US3303845A (en) * 1964-09-21 1967-02-14 Gordon P St Clair Mouth-to-mouth resuscitator

Cited By (32)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3802428A (en) * 1969-09-09 1974-04-09 M Sherman Disposable device for applying mouth to mouth resuscitation
US3730179A (en) * 1970-10-30 1973-05-01 A Williams Combination resuscitating, aspirating and gastric draining apparatus
US4440161A (en) * 1981-09-01 1984-04-03 Wadhwa Rajinder K Multipurpose nasal airway
US4893620A (en) * 1985-03-27 1990-01-16 Wadwha Rajindar K Multipurpose nasal airway
GB2176406A (en) * 1985-06-12 1986-12-31 Vitalograph Limited Breathing aid
GB2198957A (en) * 1986-12-09 1988-06-29 James Ian Brayshaw Mouth to mouth resuscitator
US4782832A (en) * 1987-07-30 1988-11-08 Puritan-Bennett Corporation Nasal puff with adjustable sealing means
US4819627A (en) * 1988-02-08 1989-04-11 Connors Donald J Cardiopulmonary resuscitation device
US5042478A (en) * 1988-08-26 1991-08-27 University Technologies International, Inc. Method of ventilation using nares seal
US5375593A (en) * 1994-02-10 1994-12-27 Press; John R. Oxygenating pacifier
US5513634A (en) * 1994-05-06 1996-05-07 Chek-Med Systems, Inc. Combination integral bite block airway and nasal cannula
US5752510A (en) * 1996-11-14 1998-05-19 Goldstein; Joseph Nasal and oral air passageway delivery management apparatus
WO1998020924A1 (en) * 1996-11-14 1998-05-22 Joseph Goldstein Nasal and oral air passageway delivery management apparatus
US5950620A (en) * 1998-06-29 1999-09-14 Stricklin; Walter D. Resuscitation device for use with stomas
US20040129273A1 (en) * 2002-10-03 2004-07-08 Scott Laboratories, Inc. Bite block apparatus and method for use with a sedation and analgesia system
US9155855B2 (en) * 2002-12-06 2015-10-13 Fisher & Paykel Healthcare Limited Mouthpiece
US20060112962A1 (en) * 2002-12-06 2006-06-01 Tebbutt Adam A Mouthpiece
US9802021B2 (en) 2002-12-06 2017-10-31 Fisher & Paykel Healthcare Limited Mouthpiece
US10500365B2 (en) 2002-12-06 2019-12-10 Fisher & Paykel Healthcare Limited Respiratory interface with elbow
US9956369B2 (en) 2002-12-06 2018-05-01 Fisher & Paykel Healthcare Limited Mouthpiece
EP3108919A1 (en) * 2002-12-06 2016-12-28 Fisher & Paykel Healthcare Limited Mouthpiece
US7171962B1 (en) * 2005-01-14 2007-02-06 Gloria Turner Bloem Soft oral airway for intravenous anesthesia and method of use
US20060207597A1 (en) * 2005-03-15 2006-09-21 Wright Clifford A Adjustable bite block for respirator
US20080110456A1 (en) * 2006-11-10 2008-05-15 Encompas Unlimited, Inc. Bite block system and method
US7946288B2 (en) 2006-11-10 2011-05-24 Encompas Unlimited, Inc. Bite block system and method
US20100147298A1 (en) * 2008-12-12 2010-06-17 A Plus Medical Infant pacifier fluid delivery device and pacifier assembly
WO2011151479A2 (en) * 2010-05-19 2011-12-08 Javier Ernesto Maselli Respirator - cpr resuscitation device
WO2011151479A3 (en) * 2010-05-19 2012-03-08 Javier Ernesto Maselli Respirator - cpr resuscitation device
USD871571S1 (en) * 2013-01-11 2019-12-31 Somnics, Inc. Oral device for negative pressure device for treating sleep disorder
CN103432666A (en) * 2013-09-06 2013-12-11 屈国栋 Artificial respiration rescue device
USD760385S1 (en) * 2015-05-05 2016-06-28 Mark McKee Endotracheal tube bite block
US20170049985A1 (en) * 2015-08-17 2017-02-23 JADA Medical LLC Carbon dioxide airway adaptor

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