New! View global litigation for patent families

US3491561A - Random printing of yarns or threads - Google Patents

Random printing of yarns or threads Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US3491561A
US3491561A US3491561DA US3491561A US 3491561 A US3491561 A US 3491561A US 3491561D A US3491561D A US 3491561DA US 3491561 A US3491561 A US 3491561A
Authority
US
Grant status
Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
yarn
conveyor
coils
colour
fig
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Inventor
John Patrick Crump
Original Assignee
John Patrick Crump
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Grant date

Links

Images

Classifications

    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06BTREATING TEXTILE MATERIALS BY LIQUIDS, GASES OR VAPOURS
    • D06B11/00Treatment of selected parts of textile materials, e.g. partial dyeing
    • D06B11/002Treatment of selected parts of textile materials, e.g. partial dyeing of moving yarns
    • D06B11/004Treatment of selected parts of textile materials, e.g. partial dyeing of moving yarns in a tensionless state

Description

Jan. 27, 1970 J. P. CRUMP RANDOM PRINTING OF YARNS OR THREADS 3 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed Sept 6, 1967 MWENTO? $6M wax-mm CRUMP Jam. 27, 1970 J P. CRUMP RANDOM PRINTING OF YARNS OR THREADS Filed Sept. 6. 1967 5 sheets -sheet 2 Jam 27, 1970 J. P. CRUMP nmmou PRINTING 05' mass on 'rrmmns Filed Sept. 6. 196? 3 Sheets-Sheet S United States Patent 3,491,561 RANDOM PRINTING 0F YARNS 0R THREADS John P. Crump, 2420 Doulton Drive, Port Credit,

' Ontario, Canada Filed Sept. 6, 1967, Ser. No. 665,800 Claims priority, application Great Britain, Sept. 10, 1966,

Int. Cl. Bb 13/02 U.S. Cl. 68-202 4 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE This invention relates to an improved method of printing of yarn or similar fibrous material in two or more colours so that the width of each band of colours and the sequence of the colours will vary over a considerable length of the yarn, ie there will be not repeat for such length and consequently when the yarn is made into a fabric long length of the latter will have a random motley appearance.

To obtain the aforesaid result said according to the present invention the yarn is delivered in the form of coils, each coil overlapping the preceding coil, onto a travelling band which carries the coils into a printing zone where bands of colour are applied to the coils transversely of the travelling band.

In order that the invention may be fully understood it will be described with reference to the accompanying drawing which shows diagrammatically several embodi ments of apparatus capable of carrying out the invention.

FIG. 1 is a plan of one embodiment.

FIG. 2 is a side elevation of same,

FIG. 3 is a plan of a second embodiment,

FIG. 4 is a side elevation of a further embodiment,

FIG. 5 illustrates the effect obtained by the method of printing illustrated in FIG. 4.

All the embodiments of apparatus shown comprise an endless conveyor band A the upper run of which is horizontal, one (FIGS. 1 and 2 and 4) or a plurality of coiler mechanisms B (FIG. 3) of any suitable known type in the textile industry and a colour applying head or heads D each head supplying two or more stripes of colour to the coils C of yarn c as they are carried by the conveyor past the colour supply head D.

In the embodiment shown in FIGS. 1 and 2 a single coiler mechanism B is shown which lays a single length of coils C of yarn c on the conveyor A and a single colour supplying head is therefore only necessary. The head D shown in FIGS. 1 and 2 comprises two compartments d and d each being connected to a row of jets or nozzles d 'and d which direct the colour from the compartments onto the coils C. The jets or nozzles d of one row are staggered in relation to the jets or nozzles d of the other row and the jets or nozzles of each row are spaced apart a distance which will give alternate stripes of the colours without there being uncoloured stripes between them.

Further in the embodiment shown in FIGS. 1 and 2 the conveyor A delivers the coloured coils to a second conveyor A which yarn is drawn off and wound into a suitable yarn package either before or after being heated, steamed or otherwise treated to fix the dyes with which the yarn has been treated.

It will be seen from the drawing that each of the con- Patented Jan. 27, 1970 veyors A and A during its lower run is guided into contact with a rotating brush E which wipes off any dye adhering to the conveyor into a suitable receptacle F.

In the embodiment shown in FIG. 3 three coiler mechanisms B are shown, so that three lengths of coils C are laid side by side on the conveyor A. This embodiment also shows the colours from the compartments d and d of the colour supplying head being connected to two rows of rollers d and d arranged to be contacted by the coils C as the conveyor A carries them below the head. As in the case of the jets or nozzles d and d of FIGS. 1 and 2 the rollers a! of one row are staggered in relation to the rollers d of the other row and the width of each roller is such that the stripes of colour applied to the coils are close together so as not to leave intervening stripes which are not coloured.

It is found that better results may be obtained if the coils C are laid on the conveyor A in a sinuous path as shown in FIGS. 1 and 3 and to obtain such a path a transverse reciprocating movement is given to the coiler mechanism or mechanisms B. To produce such movement the mechanism or mechanisms are carried by a carriage G which is mounted on transverse rails g and a reciprocating movement is imparted to the carriage such as by a crank g (FIG. 1) or an eccentric g (FIG. 3).

In the embodiment shown in FIG. 4 the coils C after being laid on the conveyor A are brought into contact with a second conveyor A the upper run of which is parallel to the lower run of the conveyor A and the stripes of colour are applied by transverse rows of rollers d and d the lower rollers d of each row rotating in baths d to which the required colour is applied, the rollers of each row being staggered in relation to those of the other rows.

The conveyor band A may be formed of any suitable material such as a woven glass fibre fabric with an open weave to allow passage of excess of colour therethrough.

After the colour has been applied to the coils C on the conveyor A the yarn is wound or otherwise formed into a yarn package for further treatment such as in an autoclave or steamer to fix the dye.

By using the arrangement of printing the colours illustrated in FIG. 4 absolute random in the colouring of the final yarn can be obtained provided the number of coils per running unit of length is not divisible by the width of each colour band. This is illustrated in-FIG. 5 which shows the coils C of yarn c in relation to three stripes 1, 2 and 3.

Alternatively if it is desired to make the process continuous the yarn may pass through the autoclave or steamers after leaving the conveyor band, washed and dried before being wound into the finished yarn package.

The hereinbefore described method and apparatus have not only the advantage of producing a yarn in which the colour bands occur at random or only repeat at long intervals, but also allow the conveyor band to travel at a very much slower speed than that at which the yarn is supplied to and withdrawn from the band, the relation of the two speeds being a function of the delivery speed of the coiler mechanism and of the diameter of the coils laid thereby.

The invention is applicable to yarns of natural or manmade fibres and in the latter case to yarns of stapled fibres or to continuous filament yarns.

What I claim is:

1. Apparatus for color printing a continuous length of yarn comprising a conveyor movable along a path, means for coiling said yarn, means for reciprocating said coiling means for depositing the coiled yarn upon said conveyor in a generally sinuous relation to said path, and means for applying colors to the yarn comprising a plurality of spaced colorapplying devices disposed transverselyacross the moving coiled yarn portion, said devices being arranged to apply alternate longitudinally adjacent different color bands along said moving yarn.

2. The apparatus defined in claim 1, wherein said conveyor moves in a substantially linear path, and said means for coiling the yarn is periodically reciprocated transversely of said path to deposit said coiled yarn in said sinuous relation along the conveyor 3. Apparatus as in claim 1 wherein the colours are sup- 10 plied to the coils by jets or nozzles.

4. Apparatus as in claim 1 wherein the colours are supplied to the coils by printing rollers.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,873,000 8/1932 McCarthy 1- 117-45 XR FOREIGN PATENTS 3/1962 Canada. 9/1959 France.

ROBERT E. PULFREY, Primary Examiner C. D. CROWDER, Assistant Examiner U.S. Cl. X.R.

US3491561A 1966-09-10 1967-09-06 Random printing of yarns or threads Expired - Lifetime US3491561A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB4051466A GB1131650A (en) 1966-09-10 1966-09-10 Improvements in the printing of yarns

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US3491561A true US3491561A (en) 1970-01-27

Family

ID=10415275

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US3491561A Expired - Lifetime US3491561A (en) 1966-09-10 1967-09-06 Random printing of yarns or threads

Country Status (7)

Country Link
US (1) US3491561A (en)
BE (1) BE703550A (en)
DE (1) DE1635383B1 (en)
FR (1) FR1542787A (en)
GB (1) GB1131650A (en)
LU (1) LU54445A1 (en)
NL (1) NL6712382A (en)

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3602968A (en) * 1969-01-16 1971-09-07 Adolff J F Ag Method of space-treating fibers with reagents to change the dye affinity of the fibers
US3950132A (en) * 1973-02-03 1976-04-13 Caird (Dundee) Limited Method for dyeing and continuous heat setting of textile yarns
US4037560A (en) * 1975-03-18 1977-07-26 Kurt Lutz Apparatus for discontinuously applying fluid to a strand-like material
US4055868A (en) * 1976-11-29 1977-11-01 Milliken Research Corporation Dyeing method
US4058991A (en) * 1976-11-29 1977-11-22 Milliken Research Corporation Dyeing machine
US4221031A (en) * 1977-09-01 1980-09-09 Textielmachinefabriek Device for deposition of loops of yarn on a conveyor belt of a yarn processing chamber
US4370542A (en) * 1980-05-22 1983-01-25 Westland Aircraft Limited Cable marking method and apparatus
US4548611A (en) * 1983-05-31 1985-10-22 Paterson James G T Method and apparatus for dyeing textile yarn substrates by impacting a foam
US5826812A (en) * 1997-01-08 1998-10-27 Belmont Textile Machinery Co., Inc. Coiler apparatus and method
US20030183098A1 (en) * 2002-04-01 2003-10-02 Atkins & Pearce, Inc. Labeling system for a candlewick

Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0184602A1 (en) * 1984-12-11 1986-06-18 Mario Scatizzi Apparatus for multicolour dyeing hanks
WO1987003312A1 (en) * 1985-11-30 1987-06-04 Mario Scatizzi Device for multiple dyeing of skeins

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1873000A (en) * 1928-12-05 1932-08-23 Armstrong Cork Co Ornamentation of surface covering materials
US2520594A (en) * 1947-03-13 1950-08-29 Oscar Kohorn & Co Ltd Apparatus for the liquid treatment of thread
US2634596A (en) * 1948-10-06 1953-04-14 Hampton Machine Company Apparatus for treating strands with liquid
US2676565A (en) * 1951-06-04 1954-04-27 American Viscose Corp Solution applicator for projecting material onto strands
FR1209414A (en) * 1957-08-05 1960-03-01 Pirelli A method and machine for forming, on a drum, annular tapes one or more continuous son, more particularly for manufacturing tires
CA637908A (en) * 1962-03-06 F. Marshall Preston Reinforced fabrics and process and apparatus for making same
US3056433A (en) * 1956-12-15 1962-10-02 Delore Sa Geoffroy System for handling wire and the like
US3335583A (en) * 1965-10-15 1967-08-15 Multitone Engraving Co Inc Yarn coloring apparatus

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CA637908A (en) * 1962-03-06 F. Marshall Preston Reinforced fabrics and process and apparatus for making same
US1873000A (en) * 1928-12-05 1932-08-23 Armstrong Cork Co Ornamentation of surface covering materials
US2520594A (en) * 1947-03-13 1950-08-29 Oscar Kohorn & Co Ltd Apparatus for the liquid treatment of thread
US2634596A (en) * 1948-10-06 1953-04-14 Hampton Machine Company Apparatus for treating strands with liquid
US2676565A (en) * 1951-06-04 1954-04-27 American Viscose Corp Solution applicator for projecting material onto strands
US3056433A (en) * 1956-12-15 1962-10-02 Delore Sa Geoffroy System for handling wire and the like
FR1209414A (en) * 1957-08-05 1960-03-01 Pirelli A method and machine for forming, on a drum, annular tapes one or more continuous son, more particularly for manufacturing tires
US3335583A (en) * 1965-10-15 1967-08-15 Multitone Engraving Co Inc Yarn coloring apparatus

Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3602968A (en) * 1969-01-16 1971-09-07 Adolff J F Ag Method of space-treating fibers with reagents to change the dye affinity of the fibers
US3950132A (en) * 1973-02-03 1976-04-13 Caird (Dundee) Limited Method for dyeing and continuous heat setting of textile yarns
US4037560A (en) * 1975-03-18 1977-07-26 Kurt Lutz Apparatus for discontinuously applying fluid to a strand-like material
US4055868A (en) * 1976-11-29 1977-11-01 Milliken Research Corporation Dyeing method
US4058991A (en) * 1976-11-29 1977-11-22 Milliken Research Corporation Dyeing machine
US4097946A (en) * 1976-11-29 1978-07-04 Milliken Research Corporation Dyeing method
US4111012A (en) * 1976-11-29 1978-09-05 Milliken Research Corporation Dyeing machine
US4221031A (en) * 1977-09-01 1980-09-09 Textielmachinefabriek Device for deposition of loops of yarn on a conveyor belt of a yarn processing chamber
US4370542A (en) * 1980-05-22 1983-01-25 Westland Aircraft Limited Cable marking method and apparatus
US4548611A (en) * 1983-05-31 1985-10-22 Paterson James G T Method and apparatus for dyeing textile yarn substrates by impacting a foam
US5826812A (en) * 1997-01-08 1998-10-27 Belmont Textile Machinery Co., Inc. Coiler apparatus and method
US6027059A (en) * 1997-01-08 2000-02-22 Belmont Textile Machinery Co., Inc. Coiler apparatus and method
US20030183098A1 (en) * 2002-04-01 2003-10-02 Atkins & Pearce, Inc. Labeling system for a candlewick
US6823780B2 (en) * 2002-04-01 2004-11-30 Atkins & Pearce, Inc. Labeling system for a candlewick

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
BE703550A1 (en) grant
FR1542787A (en) 1968-09-09 grant
NL6712382A (en) 1968-03-11 application
DE1635383B1 (en) 1971-11-25 application
BE703550A (en) 1968-02-01 grant
LU54445A1 (en) 1969-06-24 application
GB1131650A (en) 1968-10-23 application

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US3595276A (en) Method and apparatus for introducing a weft thread into a sheet of warp threads
US2862465A (en) Thread feed mechanism and pattern control therefor
US3994258A (en) Apparatus for the production of filters by electrostatic fiber spinning
US4463467A (en) Method and apparatus for applying a pattern to a continuously advancing web of material
US2669001A (en) Method and apparatus for treating yarns
US3426804A (en) High speed bias weaving and braiding
US5737813A (en) Method and apparatus for striped patterning of dyed fabric by hydrojet treatment
US3852948A (en) Yarns, tows, and fibers having differential shrinkability
US3747161A (en) Method for producing a rearranged fabric having improved cross-strength
US1715473A (en) Machine for combing textile fibers with intermittently-rotating nip drums
US4010709A (en) Apparatus for randomly coloring carpet or other pile fabric
US2881504A (en) Process for crimping textile threads
US2241222A (en) Process for raising and curling the fluffs of fabrics
US4677831A (en) Apparatus for laying transverse weft threads for a warp knitting machine
US3387448A (en) Stretched and stabilized yarns and fabrics
US2343351A (en) Method and apparatus for modifying textile fabrics
US3012303A (en) Production of multicolored pile fabric
US6442810B2 (en) Fabric hydroenhancement method & equipment for improved efficiency
US3558029A (en) Machine for crosswise deposition of carded webs and a carded web manufactured by means of the machine
US2815558A (en) Pile fabrics and method of pile fabric treatment
US3165881A (en) Production of high bulk yarns
US3434189A (en) Method of continuously dyeing and stretching undrawn yarn
US2438084A (en) Yarn smoothing apparatus and method
US6119320A (en) Method and apparatus for producing a multicolored yarn from differently colored part-threads of endless filament
US3906757A (en) Apparatus for continuous dyeing of yarns