US3489268A - Pilferproof package - Google Patents

Pilferproof package Download PDF

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Publication number
US3489268A
US3489268A US3489268DA US3489268A US 3489268 A US3489268 A US 3489268A US 3489268D A US3489268D A US 3489268DA US 3489268 A US3489268 A US 3489268A
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Prior art keywords
package
tray
cartridges
break
divider
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Expired - Lifetime
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Eugene J Meierhoefer
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Wyeth LLC
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Wyeth LLC
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D25/00Details of other kinds or types of rigid or semi-rigid containers
    • B65D25/02Internal fittings
    • B65D25/10Devices to locate articles in containers
    • B65D25/103V-shaped elements, e.g. racks, protuberances projecting from a supporting surface, supporting the articles locally at its sides
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S206/00Special receptacle or package
    • Y10S206/807Tamper proof
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S229/00Envelopes, wrappers, and paperboard boxes
    • Y10S229/927Means for tearing or breaking rigid or semirigid thermoplastic container

Description

P ILFERPROOF PACKAGE Filed May 29, 1968 United States Patent 3,489,268 PILFERPROOF PACKAGE Eugene J. Meierhoefer, West Chester, Pa., assignor to American Home Products Corporation, New York, N.Y., a corporation of Delaware Filed May 29, 1968, Ser. No. 732,910

Int. Cl. B65d 85/54; A61b 19/02 US. Cl. 206-17.5 12 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE The disclosure is directed to a pilferproof package for hypodermic syringe cartridges comprised of oppositely disposed rigid trays, each sealed to a common divider which serves to support the cartridges and to permit inversion of one tray for ease of connection to the other during assembly. Both trays have break-away tabs at one end and positioning and retaining means within them. Security bars are connected to each of the break-away tabs next to each cartridge needle so as to restrict the motion of the needle and prevent it from being bent into such a position that it is accessible from the outside of the package. Access to the contents of the cartridges is not possible without leaving some evidence of pilfering.

This invention relates generally to sealed containers for materials, and more particularly to pilferproof packages for a plurality of disposable hypodermic syringe cartridges which prevent undetected pilfering.

Disposable hypodermic syringe cartridges for injecting drugs of various kinds have found wide-spread use in the medical and related professions. It has been found useful to the ultimate user and economical to the supplier to package a plurality of such units in a single container. The containers for such cartridges desirably are economical in construction and so made as to prevent pilfenage of the disposable cartridges withput providing evidence of the pilferage having taken place.

In the packaging of narcotics and similar items for disposable, or one-time use, containers, it is particularly desirable to prevent undetected access to the packaged drugs, including, for example, the removal of the narcotics and substitution of a visually similar placebo.

It is also desirable that the packages be quickly opened and preferable that their contents be visually observable during storage.

A particularly useful opening device is the break-away tab, shown and described in US. Patent 3,133,635, issued May 19, 1964 to Gordon and Peterson. In that patent a break-away tab, or break-off section, is defined as comprising:

(l) a plurality of vertically disposed material-weakening slots in one end wall spaced apart a predetermined distance and aligned with positioning and retaining means permitting longitudinal passing thereb'etween of a respective one of the hypodermic syringes in the package when a respectively adjacent portion of the end wall between an adjacent pair of slots is removed,

(2) a lateral slot in a bottom wall extending substantially parallel to the end wall and disposed in the area of the bottom wall between the one end wall and the positioning and retaining means,

(3) a plurality of longitudinal slots in the bottom wall, each longitudinal slot forming an extension of a respective one of the vertical slots in the one end wall and extending substantially parallel to the side walls each of the longitudinal slots opening into the lateral slot to define therewith a plurality of separate tab portions connected to the lower end region of an end wall portion defined between a pair of said vertically disposed slots, and

3,489,268 Patented Jan. 13, 1970 (4) structural means connecting the upper end region of each of the end wall portions to the package and comprising a weakened-web portion whereby a separate one of the tab portions, and with it a respective end portion may be broken away from the package at the weakened web portion by pulling the separate tab portion in a direction downwardly with respect to the bottom wall and outwardly with respect to the one end wall.

A continuing problem in packages utilizing break-away tabs for removal of individual cartridges has been that the removal of one tab and the cartridge behind it makes the needle of the adjacent cartridge accessible by bending it into the open area. The contents of the latter cartridge may be then removed, for instance, by inserting a smaller second needle into the first and withdrawing the contents. Likewise, the plunger end must also be protected against intrusion.

It is desirable that the packages be easily handled during loading and that they be so shaped that a number of them may be stacked either on their side or flat with economy in space requirement.

The cartoning of medicaments must be absolutely accurate. Carton control is the problem of matching a properly printed carton with a loaded package of medicaments.

It is an object of the present invention to provide an improved rigid tray package of a type usable for disposable cartridges containing unit dose medicaments which prevents undetected pilfering of the contents.

It is a further object of the present invention to provide packages for injectable medicaments which may be stored fiat or on their sides with economy of space.

It is another object of this invention to provide a two layer package for cartridges which solves handling problems during loading.

It is still a further object of this invention to provide a package for cartridges which eliminates a printed carton as such and is adaptable to the use of roll-feed labels, thus reducing the problem of carton control and mislabeling.

It is yet another object of this invention to provide a large capacity container for cartridges which permits easy removal of individual syringes by the use of break-away tabs while preventing access to the needles of the cartridges through the spaces adjacent to the break-away tabs.

Still another object is the protection of the plunger end of the cartridges from undetected intrusion.

Other and further objects of this invention will be apparent to those skilled in the art by reading the following description taken in conjunction with the drawings in which:

FIGURE 1 is an exploded perspective view of a pr ferred embodiment of a package incorporating the novel features of the present invention;

FIGURE 2 is a plan view of one end of a tray taken generally along line 22 of FIGURE 1;

FIGURE 3 is a sectional view taken generally along line 3-3 of FIGURE 2 with the package shown in the closed position; and

FIGURE 4 is a partial sectional view taken generally along line 4 4 of FIGURE 1 and showing a detail of the divider construction.

The objects of the present invention may be achieved in a package 10 for a plurality of disposable cartridges 12 in which the package 10 is made up of a rigid dished first tray 14, a rigid dished second tray 16 and a divider 18 disposed between them.

The tray 14 has a substantially planar bass 20, side walls 22, 24, and an end wall 26, best seen in FIGURE 3. The side walls 22, 24 and end wall 26 are connected to the base and to each other and extend at substantially right angles to the base and to each other. Opposite end wall 26 are a plurality of break-away tabs 28, 30, 32, 34,

i 36. Each of the break-away tabs has extending from it in 3 the direction of the divider 18 at least one security bar 38 [FIGURE 3). A flange 40 surrounds the periphery of be open portion of the tray and break-away tabs 28, 30, 32, 34, 36 are connected to it. As may best be seen in FIGURE 3, the flange 40 is connected to the side walls 22, 24 and to the end wall 26, and with them defines :1 :eat 42 to receive the divider 18.

The tray 14 has two septa 44, 46 which serve as posiioning and retaining means for the cartridges 12. The :eptum 44 is supported by the base and side walls 22, 24, and has formed in it a number of ribs 48 defining re- :esses 50. The septum 46 is similarly supported and is nade up of a number of ribs 52 defining recesses 54. t ras been found advantageous to reduce the amount of naterial required for construction of the tray by forming )rifices 56, 58 in the base 20, provided suificient area 'emains to support a label 59, as described below.

The second tray 16 is substantially identical to the ray 14. The tray 16 is comprised of a base 60, side walls 52, 64 and an end wall 66. Opposite end wall 66 are a )lurality of break-away tabs 68, 70, 72, 74, 76 each havng at least one security bar 78 extending at substantially 'ight angles from it toward the divider 18. A flange 80 urrounds the tray 16 and the break-away tabs 68, 70, 72, '4, 76 are connected to it and supported by it. With the ride walls 62, 64 and the end wall 66, the flange 80 deines a seat 82 for the divider 18.

The tray 16 contains two septa 84, 86. The septum i4 is made up of a plurality of ribs 88 defining a plurality vf recesses 90. Similarly, the septum 86 is made up of L plurality of ribs 92 defining a plurality of recesses 94. t is advantageous that the tray be formed with orifices '6 and 98 in the base 60, provided that sufi'lcient area emains to support a label 99, as described below.

It is an additional feature of the present invention that he trays may be designed so as to accommodate carridges with needles of at least two diflerent lengths. When the short needle cartridges are to be used, bosses .00 are utilized as stops to prevent longitudinal motion )f the cartridges in the tray. The bosses 100 are not reuired for a long needle cartridge, that is, a cartridge and leedle which extends substantially the full interior length if the tray.

As may best be seen in FIGURE 2, a sheath 102 en- :loses a needle (not shown) of the cartridge 12. When he cartridge 12 is placed in the tray the sheath 102 i lisposed between the security bars 78 located on oppoite sides of the break-away tab 70.

The security bars 78 prevent motion of the sheath and lence the needle contained within it, beyond the limits if its associated break-away tab. Thus, should the breaktway tab 68, and its associated cartridge be removed from he package, it would not be possible to bend the adjacent heath 102 and needle into the open space created by the emoval of the break-away tab. In the prior art designs vithout the security bars, it waspossible to bend the heath andneedle into an open space, insert a smaller needle into the needle and withdraw the contents of the artridge without leaving evidence of pilferage, particuarly where a similar appearing placebo was substituted or the cartridge contents.

As is shown in FIGURE 2, security bars 78 are reuired on the side of a break-away tab, such as 76, which 5 adjacent another break-away tab, such as 74, but a e not required adjacent as side wall, such as 64.

Undetected access to the plunger ends of the cartridge 5 prevented by the end walls 26, 66.

A detail of the construction of the divider 18 is shown [1 FIGURE 4. The divider is made up of a substantially vlanar sheet 104 surrounded by a flange 106. Welding ribs v08, 110 are formed on opposite Sides of the flange 106. 11 order to reduce the amount of material required for he divider 18, it is advantageous that orifices 111, 112 e formed in the divider 18. It is also advantageous to vrovide a strip 113 located so as to be disposed between epta 46, 86. The ribs 48, 52, 88, 92 may be ex ended so 4 as to contact the strip 113, and if desired, may be sealably connected to the strip 113. The latter sealed embodiment is particularly desirable where the divider 18 is made of a relatively flexible material, because, inter alia, it acts to stiffen the divider 18.

During assembly, the tray 14 is placed in position with the base 20 downwards. The cartridges 12 are loaded into the recesses 50, 54, are supported by the septa 44, 46 and are prevented from lateral motion by the ribs 48, 52. Each cartridge is prevented from longitudinal motion by the end wall 26 or its respective break-away tab 28, 30, 32, 34, or 36. When the tray 14 is filled, the divider 18 is inserted into the heat 42 and sealed in place by the use of ultrasonic sealing, solvent sealing, adhesives, or the like, as is well known in the art. The cartridges are then prevented from an upward or downward motion by the base 20 and the divider 18. The tray 14 may then be inverted, and when tray 16 has been similarly loaded, placed in position with the divider 18 disposed in the seat 82. The final sealing may be made in similar fashion to the prior sealing. A roll-feed label, not shown, may then be applied to at least two sides and preferably to four sides of the package 10 and maintained in place by an adhesive placed, for instance, on the external surfaces of the bases 20 and 60. The label may contain printed identification of the contents of the package. A clear plastic film, preferably a shrink film, may be applied as an outer wrapper, or overwrap.

When the package is opened for distribution of the medicament, as a result of the removal of one of the tabs and the cartridge behind it, the balance of the cartridges remain in an enclosure until the tab in front of a specific cartridge is removed. However, possibly a cartridge could be removed or manipulated into an accessible position, but upon so doing, the removal or manipulation would be detectable due to breakage or damage to the package structure.

The completed package is a rigid and stabilized packaging system for individual injectable medicaments. The package protects the contents during shipping and handling prior to use, and may be stored either flat or on its side in a minimum of space. The use of roll-feed labeling and elimination of a printed carton simplifies the carton-control problem. The package may be made of any suitable material, but preferably is made of a clear injection-moldable material, such as styrene, methyl meth acrylate and the like.

Various modifications are possible.

If desired, a single tray may be utilized and a cover substituted for the divider, while retaining all of the desirable features of the tray as described above.

What is claimed is:

1. A package containing disposable cartridges of injectable medicines which prevents undetected pilfering comprising:

(A) a first rigid tray;

(B) a second rigid tray substantially identical to said (C) a divider disposed between said first and second trays and sealably joined to said trays; I

(D) a plurality of break-away tabs disposed at one en of each of said trays;

(E) at least one security bar connected to each of said break-away tabs extending toward said divider; and

(F) positioning and retaining means for the cartridges disposed in each of said trays.

2. A package as defined in claim 1 in which each of said first and second trays has a flange defining a seat for said divider.

3. A package as defined in claim 1 in which at least one of said security bars is located on each side of its rezpective break-away tab next to an adjacent breakaway ta 4. A package as defined in claim 1 in which a single break-away tab retains at least tWo cartridges.

5. A package as defined in claim 1 further having a roll-feed label adhesively applied to at least two sides of its exterior.

6. A package as defined in claim 1 further having at least one boss in said trays to retain relatively short needle cartridges.

7. A package as defined in claim 1 which is formed with adjacent external surfaces at substantially right angles to each other.

8. A package as defined in claim 1 further having orifices formed in at least one of said trays and divider.

9. A package as defined in claim 1 which is formed by injection molding.

10. A package as defined in claim 1 which is made from a material selected from the class consisting of styrene and methyl methacrylate.

11. A package as defined in claim 1 wherein said first and second trays and divider are sealed together into a unitized package.

12. A package containing disposable cartridges of injectable medicines which prevents undetected pilfering comprising:

(A) a rigid tray;

(B) a cover connected to said tray;

(C) a plurality of break-away tabs disposed at one end of said tray;

(D)fat least one security bar connected to each of said break-away tabs and extending toward said cover;

(E) positioning and retaining means for the cartridges disposed in said tray.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,133,635 5/1964 Gordon et al. 20663.2

JOSEPH R. DECLAIR, Primary Examiner J, M. CASKI'E, Assistant Examiner US. or. X.R, 206-56, 63.2.

US3489268D 1968-05-29 1968-05-29 Pilferproof package Expired - Lifetime US3489268A (en)

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Cited By (72)

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US3727749A (en) * 1971-07-01 1973-04-17 Graber Rogg Inc Tamper-proof container
US3802555A (en) * 1969-06-03 1974-04-09 Abbott Lab Surgical instrument package and handling procedure
US3890096A (en) * 1973-10-01 1975-06-17 George D Nichol Tray for sterilizing dental instruments
US4730729A (en) * 1984-10-05 1988-03-15 Moench Harry Container for endoscopes and spare parts
US4753345A (en) * 1984-06-14 1988-06-28 American Home Products Corporation Hypodermic syringe tray
US4974728A (en) * 1989-11-06 1990-12-04 Colton Timothy S Tray hypodermic needle and sharp instruments protector
US5339955A (en) * 1992-12-18 1994-08-23 Devon Industries, Inc. Instrument tray with instrument supports
US5522503A (en) * 1994-12-20 1996-06-04 Halbich; Frank Syringe case
US5566828A (en) * 1995-02-21 1996-10-22 The Upjohn Company Locking package for a syringe
US5988382A (en) * 1998-12-08 1999-11-23 Waterloo Industries, Inc. Screwdriver holder
US6540072B1 (en) * 1999-12-06 2003-04-01 Ultradent Products, Inc. Syringe set rack system and related methods
US20040074795A1 (en) * 2002-10-21 2004-04-22 Fischer Dan E. Interlocking syringe rack segments and syringe rack systems incorporating said segments
US20060032773A1 (en) * 2004-07-29 2006-02-16 Cook Vascular Incorporated Micropipette holder
US20070105065A1 (en) * 2002-12-31 2007-05-10 Water Pik, Inc. Hand held oral irrigator
US20070202459A1 (en) * 2006-02-27 2007-08-30 Water Pik, Inc. Tip for oral irrigator
US20070203439A1 (en) * 2006-02-24 2007-08-30 Water Pik, Inc. Water jet unit and handle
US20090127214A1 (en) * 2007-11-19 2009-05-21 Gary Iver Kruger Cleaning article holder
US20100049159A1 (en) * 2006-04-12 2010-02-25 Fangrow Thomas F Vial adaptors and methods for regulating pressure
US20100190132A1 (en) * 2009-01-28 2010-07-29 Water Pik, Inc. Oral irrigator tip
USD629884S1 (en) 2009-12-16 2010-12-28 Water Pik, Inc. Powered irrigator for sinus cavity rinse
USD670373S1 (en) 2010-12-16 2012-11-06 Water Pik, Inc. Powered irrigator for sinus cavity rinse
US8403665B2 (en) 2006-07-07 2013-03-26 Water Pik, Inc. Oral irrigator
USD707350S1 (en) 2012-10-11 2014-06-17 Water Pik, Inc. Handheld water flosser
US8801667B2 (en) 2009-12-16 2014-08-12 Water Pik, Inc. Pump for powered irrigator for sinus cavity rinse
USD714930S1 (en) 2013-03-14 2014-10-07 Water Pik, Inc. Reservoir for water flosser
USD714929S1 (en) 2013-03-14 2014-10-07 Water Pik, Inc. Base for water flosser
USD717427S1 (en) 2013-03-14 2014-11-11 Water Pik, Inc. Handle for water flosser
USD725770S1 (en) 2013-03-14 2015-03-31 Water Pik, Inc. Reservoir for water flosser
USD772396S1 (en) 2014-12-01 2016-11-22 Water Pik, Inc. Handheld oral irrigator
USD772397S1 (en) 2014-12-01 2016-11-22 Water Pik, Inc. Oral irrigator with a charging device
USD780908S1 (en) 2015-11-03 2017-03-07 Water Pik, Inc. Handheld oral irrigator
USD782656S1 (en) 2016-01-25 2017-03-28 Water Pik, Inc. Oral irrigator
USD782657S1 (en) 2016-03-02 2017-03-28 Water Pik, Inc. Oral irrigator handle
USD783810S1 (en) 2016-02-22 2017-04-11 Water Pik, Inc. Handle for an oral irrigator
USD783809S1 (en) 2016-01-25 2017-04-11 Water Pik, Inc. Oral irrigator handle
USD786422S1 (en) 2016-01-25 2017-05-09 Water Pik, Inc. Oral irrigator
USD788907S1 (en) 2013-03-14 2017-06-06 Water Pik, Inc. Water flosser base unit with reservoir lid
USD794773S1 (en) 2016-07-19 2017-08-15 Water Pik, Inc. Oral irrigator
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USD802120S1 (en) 2007-02-27 2017-11-07 Water Pik, Inc. Tip for oral irrigator
USD802119S1 (en) 2016-03-02 2017-11-07 Water Pik, Inc. Oral irrigator
USD802747S1 (en) 2016-07-19 2017-11-14 Water Pik, Inc. Reservoir for oral irrigator
USD804016S1 (en) 2016-02-05 2017-11-28 Water Pik, Inc. Handheld oral irrigator
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US10016254B2 (en) 2013-12-20 2018-07-10 Water Pik, Inc. Dental water jet
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US10022207B2 (en) 2013-11-27 2018-07-17 Water Pik, Inc. Oral irrigator with slide pause switch
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USD829434S1 (en) * 2016-04-29 2018-10-02 Csl Behring Recombinant Facility Ag Syringe pump housing
US10105201B2 (en) 2012-10-11 2018-10-23 Water Pik, Inc. Interdental cleaner using water supply
USD832419S1 (en) 2016-12-15 2018-10-30 Water Pik, Inc. Oral irrigator unit
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Cited By (102)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3802555A (en) * 1969-06-03 1974-04-09 Abbott Lab Surgical instrument package and handling procedure
US3727749A (en) * 1971-07-01 1973-04-17 Graber Rogg Inc Tamper-proof container
US3890096A (en) * 1973-10-01 1975-06-17 George D Nichol Tray for sterilizing dental instruments
US4753345A (en) * 1984-06-14 1988-06-28 American Home Products Corporation Hypodermic syringe tray
US4730729A (en) * 1984-10-05 1988-03-15 Moench Harry Container for endoscopes and spare parts
US4974728A (en) * 1989-11-06 1990-12-04 Colton Timothy S Tray hypodermic needle and sharp instruments protector
US5339955A (en) * 1992-12-18 1994-08-23 Devon Industries, Inc. Instrument tray with instrument supports
US5522503A (en) * 1994-12-20 1996-06-04 Halbich; Frank Syringe case
US5566828A (en) * 1995-02-21 1996-10-22 The Upjohn Company Locking package for a syringe
US5988382A (en) * 1998-12-08 1999-11-23 Waterloo Industries, Inc. Screwdriver holder
US6540072B1 (en) * 1999-12-06 2003-04-01 Ultradent Products, Inc. Syringe set rack system and related methods
US20040074795A1 (en) * 2002-10-21 2004-04-22 Fischer Dan E. Interlocking syringe rack segments and syringe rack systems incorporating said segments
US9980794B2 (en) 2002-12-31 2018-05-29 Water Pik, Inc. Irrigating device with variable pressure pulse
US20070105065A1 (en) * 2002-12-31 2007-05-10 Water Pik, Inc. Hand held oral irrigator
US8113832B2 (en) 2002-12-31 2012-02-14 Water Pik, Inc. Hand held oral irrigator
US20060032773A1 (en) * 2004-07-29 2006-02-16 Cook Vascular Incorporated Micropipette holder
US7770730B2 (en) * 2004-07-29 2010-08-10 Cook Vascular Incorporated Micropipette holder
US8808209B2 (en) 2006-02-24 2014-08-19 Water Pik, Inc. Dental water jet irrigator handle
US9050157B2 (en) 2006-02-24 2015-06-09 Water Pik, Inc. Dental water jet with storage container reservoir cover
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