US3487646A - Load bearing pile - Google Patents

Load bearing pile Download PDF

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US3487646A
US3487646A US3487646DA US3487646A US 3487646 A US3487646 A US 3487646A US 3487646D A US3487646D A US 3487646DA US 3487646 A US3487646 A US 3487646A
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pipe
cylinder
pile
load bearing
ground
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Paul Henri Gatien
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Paul Henri Gatien
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D5/00Bulkheads, piles, or other structural elements specially adapted to foundation engineering
    • E02D5/22Piles
    • E02D5/60Piles with protecting cases
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D5/00Bulkheads, piles, or other structural elements specially adapted to foundation engineering
    • E02D5/22Piles
    • E02D5/24Prefabricated piles
    • E02D5/30Prefabricated piles made of concrete or reinforced concrete or made of steel and concrete

Description

Jan. 6, 1970 P. H. GATIEN LOAD BEARING FILE Filed Aug. 19, 1968 Ill/Ill I N VEN TOR. PAUL HENRI 64 TIE N United States Patent 3,487,646 LOAD BEARING PILE Paul Henri Gatien, 5810 Park St., Pierrefonds, Quebec, Canada Filed Aug. 19, 1968, Ser. No. 753,406 Int. Cl. E02d /30, 5/38, 5/52 US. C]. 61-53 5 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION When building roads, bridges or buildings, the engineers often encounter bad carrying grounds, say like soft clay to depths 100 to 300 or more. It is not economical to use standard bearing piles, even if the piles are made of an outside steel pipe filled with reinforced concrete. Because the engineer has to take into consideration (1) the initial load, (2) the impact, (3) the bending moment of the long pile, and (4) the negative soil pressure due to bridge abutment, etc., and his answer would be a very large diameter pipe filled with reinforced concrete. The bigger the pipe, the bigger the load of the soil negative pressure, and a greater load to be carried by the rock at the bottom of the pile.

With my invention the designer needs only to take care of the load required plus the impacts, thus reducing the size of the steel pipe to be filled with reinforced concrete. He does not have to take care of the bending moment of the pile, because the pile would be touching at some points along the outside pipe and the friction would be nearly nil. We can say that the inside pier is free. The outside pipe is floating in the earth and releases the main pile from surrounding soil negative pressure. As a result, a pile in accordance with my invention can be used at greater depths and yet employ a smaller diameter pipe.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS In the drawings:

FIG. 1 is a cut away side view of my pile; FIG. 2 is a view through 22 in FIG 1; and FIG. 3 is a view through 3-3 in FIG 1.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF PREFERRED EMBODIMENT Referring now to FIGS. 1-3, an elongated hollow steel pipe 10, filled with concrete 12 reinforced with rods 14, extends downward from above the ground level 16 to a considerable depth with the bottom end resting on rock 18. Typically the earth is formed of soft clay. The outer surface of pipe carries four vertical equidistantly spaced lands 20.

A second hollow pipe 22 of larger diameter is dis- 3,487,646 Patented Jan. 6, I970 ice posed concentrically about pipe 10 and has vertical valleys 24 in which lands 20 are slidably disposed. The bottom end of pipe 22 is disposed above that of pipe 10 to avoid bearing on the rock. The top end of the pipe 22 extends above ground level but below the top end of pipe 10.

The top end of pipe 10 is covered by cap 26 which extends radially past pipe 22.

A horizontal ring 28 has a central opening through which pipe 22 extends. This ring is secured to pipe 22 and in addition is connected thereto by four equidistantly spaced vertical stiffeners 30. The ring is disposed in the ground below the frost line 32 to prevent pipe 22 from sinking. After the hole is dug to accommodate the ring and stiifeners, the space above the ring can be filled with gravel 34. Ground negative pressure is then transmitted to pipe 22 as indicated by the inclined arrows in FIG. 1 which is retransmitted to pipe 10.

While I have described my invention with particular reference to the drawings, such is not to be considered as limiting its actual scope.

Having thus described this invention, what is asserted as new is:

1. A load bearing pile adapted to be inserted into the ground comprising:

a first vertical hollow cylinder having its lower open end extending into the ground, and its upper open end extending above the ground;

a second vertical hollow cylinder of larger diameter concentrically disposed about the first cylinder, the lower end of the second cylinder being disposed above the lower end of the first cylinder in the ground, the upper end of the second cylinder extending above the ground and disposed below the upper end of the first cylinder;

guide means secured to the inner surface of the second cylinder and to the outer surface of the first cylinder to permit the second cylinder to slide in the axial direction along the first cylinder; and

a horizontal ring having a central opening through which said second cylinder extends, said disc being peripherally secured to the second cylinder, said ring being disposed in the ground below the frost line.

2. A pile as set forth in claim 1 further including stiifeners secured between said ring and the outer surface of the second cylinder.

3. A pile as set forth in claim 2 wherein said first cylinder is filled with concrete.

4. A pile as set forth in claim 3 wherein said first cylinder is filled with reinforced concrete.

5. A pile as set forth in claim 4 further including a cap secured to the upper end of the first cylinder and extending radially beyond the second cylinder.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,322,855 6/1943 Lenahan 6l5l 3,347,053 10/1967 Manning 6153 X JACOB SHAPIRO, Primary Examiner

US3487646D 1968-08-19 1968-08-19 Load bearing pile Expired - Lifetime US3487646A (en)

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Cited By (24)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE2153334A1 (en) * 1970-10-28 1972-05-04
US3851483A (en) * 1972-12-12 1974-12-03 M Holley Sleeved-pile structure
US4070867A (en) * 1974-12-13 1978-01-31 Cassidy Paul G Negative friction pile and isolating casing
GB2178460A (en) * 1985-07-29 1987-02-11 Robert Michael Sloma Minimising heave effects on a pile
US4721418A (en) * 1986-12-15 1988-01-26 Queen Frankie A R Friction barrier pile jacket
US5228807A (en) * 1991-08-20 1993-07-20 Perma Pile Foundation Restoration Systems, Inc. Foundation support apparatus with sectional sleeve
US5713701A (en) * 1995-12-06 1998-02-03 Marshall; Frederick S. Foundation piling
US5961253A (en) * 1994-12-05 1999-10-05 Okawa; Shogen Pile head dresser, pile head dressing method, and, placement of cast-in-place concrete piles
US6179526B1 (en) * 1999-01-14 2001-01-30 David Knight Method for forming a pile isolation void
US6200070B1 (en) 2000-02-14 2001-03-13 David W. Knight Process of installing piles for supporting a structure upon the earth
US6254314B1 (en) * 1998-12-17 2001-07-03 Korea Highway Corporation Covering plate assembly for steel pipe piles
US6609856B1 (en) 2000-04-07 2003-08-26 David W. Knight Process of installing a precast concrete pile below a structure
US20050135882A1 (en) * 2003-12-18 2005-06-23 Barrett Robert K. Method and apparatus for creating soil or rock subsurface support
US20060239764A1 (en) * 2005-03-31 2006-10-26 Salman Mark T Post anchor/adapter system
US20060263150A1 (en) * 2003-12-18 2006-11-23 Barrett Robert K Method and Apparatus for Creating Soil or Rock Subsurface Support
US20070172315A1 (en) * 2003-12-18 2007-07-26 Barrett Robert K Method and Apparatus for Creating Soil or Rock Subsurface Support
US20070214735A1 (en) * 2003-08-06 2007-09-20 Yasuhiro Fujita Pile Assembly for Engineering and Construction Works
US7384217B1 (en) 2007-03-29 2008-06-10 Barrett Robert K System and method for soil stabilization of sloping surface
US8376661B2 (en) 2010-05-21 2013-02-19 R&B Leasing, Llc System and method for increasing roadway width incorporating a reverse oriented retaining wall and soil nail supports
US8851801B2 (en) 2003-12-18 2014-10-07 R&B Leasing, Llc Self-centralizing soil nail and method of creating subsurface support
US9273442B2 (en) 2003-12-18 2016-03-01 R&B Leasing, Llc Composite self-drilling soil nail and method
CN107386277A (en) * 2017-07-25 2017-11-24 中建五局土木工程有限公司 Flexible foundation pile side friction isolation structure and construction method
US9903086B2 (en) 2015-07-16 2018-02-27 Foundation Technologies, Inc. Friction reduction pile jacket with slip additive
US10047485B2 (en) * 2015-09-18 2018-08-14 Honhai University Assembled type pier column member with steel-concrete composite structure

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2322855A (en) * 1942-02-09 1943-06-29 Halliburton Oil Well Cementing Method and apparatus for raising and permanently supporting heavy structures
US3347053A (en) * 1965-04-28 1967-10-17 Mobil Oil Corp Partially salvageable jacket-pile connection

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2322855A (en) * 1942-02-09 1943-06-29 Halliburton Oil Well Cementing Method and apparatus for raising and permanently supporting heavy structures
US3347053A (en) * 1965-04-28 1967-10-17 Mobil Oil Corp Partially salvageable jacket-pile connection

Cited By (32)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE2153334A1 (en) * 1970-10-28 1972-05-04
US3851483A (en) * 1972-12-12 1974-12-03 M Holley Sleeved-pile structure
US4070867A (en) * 1974-12-13 1978-01-31 Cassidy Paul G Negative friction pile and isolating casing
GB2178460A (en) * 1985-07-29 1987-02-11 Robert Michael Sloma Minimising heave effects on a pile
GB2178460B (en) * 1985-07-29 1989-04-26 Robert Michael Sloma Improvements in or relating to piling
US4721418A (en) * 1986-12-15 1988-01-26 Queen Frankie A R Friction barrier pile jacket
US5228807A (en) * 1991-08-20 1993-07-20 Perma Pile Foundation Restoration Systems, Inc. Foundation support apparatus with sectional sleeve
US5961253A (en) * 1994-12-05 1999-10-05 Okawa; Shogen Pile head dresser, pile head dressing method, and, placement of cast-in-place concrete piles
US5713701A (en) * 1995-12-06 1998-02-03 Marshall; Frederick S. Foundation piling
US6254314B1 (en) * 1998-12-17 2001-07-03 Korea Highway Corporation Covering plate assembly for steel pipe piles
US6179526B1 (en) * 1999-01-14 2001-01-30 David Knight Method for forming a pile isolation void
US6200070B1 (en) 2000-02-14 2001-03-13 David W. Knight Process of installing piles for supporting a structure upon the earth
US6609856B1 (en) 2000-04-07 2003-08-26 David W. Knight Process of installing a precast concrete pile below a structure
US20070214735A1 (en) * 2003-08-06 2007-09-20 Yasuhiro Fujita Pile Assembly for Engineering and Construction Works
US7736095B2 (en) * 2003-08-06 2010-06-15 Yasuhiro Fujita Pile assembly for engineering and construction works
US20060263150A1 (en) * 2003-12-18 2006-11-23 Barrett Robert K Method and Apparatus for Creating Soil or Rock Subsurface Support
US9273442B2 (en) 2003-12-18 2016-03-01 R&B Leasing, Llc Composite self-drilling soil nail and method
US20070172315A1 (en) * 2003-12-18 2007-07-26 Barrett Robert K Method and Apparatus for Creating Soil or Rock Subsurface Support
US20050135882A1 (en) * 2003-12-18 2005-06-23 Barrett Robert K. Method and apparatus for creating soil or rock subsurface support
US7338233B2 (en) 2003-12-18 2008-03-04 Barrett Robert K Soil nail and method of installing a subsurface support
US8851801B2 (en) 2003-12-18 2014-10-07 R&B Leasing, Llc Self-centralizing soil nail and method of creating subsurface support
US20100054866A1 (en) * 2003-12-18 2010-03-04 Barrett Robert K Method and apparatus for creating soil or rock subsurface support
US7226247B2 (en) 2003-12-18 2007-06-05 Barrett Robert K Method and apparatus for creating soil or rock subsurface support
US7779589B2 (en) * 2005-03-31 2010-08-24 Salman Mark T Post anchor/adapter system
US20060239764A1 (en) * 2005-03-31 2006-10-26 Salman Mark T Post anchor/adapter system
US7384217B1 (en) 2007-03-29 2008-06-10 Barrett Robert K System and method for soil stabilization of sloping surface
US8376661B2 (en) 2010-05-21 2013-02-19 R&B Leasing, Llc System and method for increasing roadway width incorporating a reverse oriented retaining wall and soil nail supports
US8708597B2 (en) 2010-05-21 2014-04-29 R&B Leasing, Llc System and method for increasing roadway width incorporating a reverse oriented retaining wall and soil nail supports
US9903086B2 (en) 2015-07-16 2018-02-27 Foundation Technologies, Inc. Friction reduction pile jacket with slip additive
US10047485B2 (en) * 2015-09-18 2018-08-14 Honhai University Assembled type pier column member with steel-concrete composite structure
CN107386277A (en) * 2017-07-25 2017-11-24 中建五局土木工程有限公司 Flexible foundation pile side friction isolation structure and construction method
CN107386277B (en) * 2017-07-25 2020-03-24 中建五局土木工程有限公司 Flexible foundation pile side friction force isolation structure and construction method

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