US348443A - Manufacture of ornamental brick from clays of different colors - Google Patents

Manufacture of ornamental brick from clays of different colors Download PDF

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US348443A
US348443A US348443DA US348443A US 348443 A US348443 A US 348443A US 348443D A US348443D A US 348443DA US 348443 A US348443 A US 348443A
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brick
clays
different colors
clay
manufacture
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F15/00Flooring
    • E04F15/02Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements

Description

(No Model.)

J. O. ANDERSON.

MANUFACTURE OF ORNAMENTAL BRICK FROM CLAYS OF DIFFERENT COLORS.

No. 348,443. Patented Aug. 31, 1886.

WIZTW'ESSEIS 1.7V VE.]VTOR 7 I 44 v I 3'' N. PETERS, Pholo-hkhognphnr, Washingicm D. C.

UNTTE STATES PATENT EEicE.

JAMES C. ANDERSON, OF HIGHLAND PARK, ILLINOIS.

MANUFACTURE OF ORNAMENTAL BRICK FROM CLAYS OF DIFFERENT COLORS.

S ECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent N0.348,443, dated August 31, 1886.

Application filed Novembcrfil), 1885. Serial No. 183,430. (No model.)

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, J .UIES C. ANDERSON, a citizen of the United States, residing at Highland Park, in the county of Lake and State of Illinois, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in the Mann facture of Ornamental Brick from Clays of Different Colors, of which the following is a specification, reference being had therein to the accompanying drawings.

My invention relates to improvements in the manufacture of brick, the object of which is to produce ornamental or variegated brick from clays of different qualities, or clays which, when burned, will present shadings, stratums, figures, and designs of various kinds in different colors.

Myinvention consists in taking clays of different kinds, reducing the same to a powdered condition in a dry state, said clays being mixed or placed in the mold in alternate layers, and then pressing the same into one solid mass or block, which, when burned, will produce a brick of various colors, having a clouded appearance, or a brick having the colors in clear and well-defined outline.

Referring to the drawings, Figure 1 is a perspective view of a brick in which the clay of different colors is placed in regular strata or layers. Fig. 2 is a side view of a brick in which the clay is arranged in waving or serpentine lines. Fig. 3 is a sectional view of a brick having a face of finer material than the main body of the brick.

A indicates the brick, in which the different layers or courses of clay B O are formed from clay which, when burned, will be of different colors, and as many different colors or courses may be used as desired.

In carrying out my invention I take clay of two or more kinds which, when burned, have different colors, and reduce such clay or clays to a finely-powdered condition while in a dry state, and to produce a brick with stripes, veins, or hands, either straight or serpentine, I place the clay in the molds in alternate layers and subject it to great pressure, so as to extract all the air therefrom and produce a brick having a close texture, which is burned in seggars or in a kiln in the usual manner.

To produce bricks having a clouded appearance, the different clays are mixed together in a dry state and pressed and burned.

In the manufacture of brick it is often desirable to produce brick of a color other than those obtained from the natural colors of the clay-as, for example,the combination of black, blue, green, and other eolors and to accomplish this I. mix the metallic oxides used for coloring with the clay in the proper proportions and combinations in a dry state, so that the coloring-matter will be intimately mixed with the clay.

In Fig. 3 I have shown a brick having a face, D, of finer material than the main body of the brick. This face-piece may be composed of a liner quality of clay than that of the main body E, or of a combination of clays; or it may be made of a material which will vitrify when exposed to the heat of the kiln. Bricks of this kind are produced in the following manner: The dry and finely-powdered material which is to form the face of the brick is put into the mold first, and then the clay which is to form the main body of the brick is put in on top of it. Pressure is now ap plied, and the two substances are pressed into compact and solid form. It will of course be understood that in making brick in this manner the brick are pressed on their edge, the face edge or side being downward in the mold. The clays are put into the mold to produce the bricks as described, but no pressure is applied until the mold is fully filled, for should the pressure be applied upon each layer of the clay no true bond would afterward take place between them, and the bricks so formed would be laminated, and would separate at each of the layers or strata.

Having thus described my invention, what I claim, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, 1s-

1. A brick made of two or more kinds of clay arranged in layers and pressed into compact form while in a dry state, which, when burned, will present layers of different colors, as set forth.

2. A brick made of clay of two different kinds, the face-layer being of a better quality of clay than the main body of the brick, both clays being united or pressed into form while in a dry and finely-powdered condition.

In testimony whereof I affix my signature in presence of two witnesses.

J. C. ANDERSON.

IVituesses:

CHAS. H. FROST, F. L. BLAKE.

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Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2759723A (en) * 1953-02-03 1956-08-21 Crespi Giovanni Compress laminated refractory block for metallurgical furnaces
US4418121A (en) * 1981-02-23 1983-11-29 Kaneaki Moriyama Tile for construction representing antique pattern
US4789319A (en) * 1984-11-20 1988-12-06 Uralita, S.A. Roof tiles and wall tiles and process for their manufacture
US5887399A (en) * 1997-08-04 1999-03-30 Shaw; Lee A. Decorative wall and method of fabrication
US5950394A (en) * 1997-08-04 1999-09-14 Shaw; Lee A. Method of fabricating decorative wall
US6082074A (en) * 1997-08-04 2000-07-04 Shaw; Lee A. Method of fabricating layered decorative wall
US20040041295A1 (en) * 2002-01-28 2004-03-04 Shaw Lee A. Method of forming surface seeded particulate
US20060083591A1 (en) * 2003-09-02 2006-04-20 Shaw Lee A Method of forming surface seeded particulate
US20100180528A1 (en) * 2009-01-21 2010-07-22 Shaw Ronald D Decorative concrete and method of installing the same
US8962088B2 (en) 2013-03-15 2015-02-24 Lithocrete, Inc. Method and finish for concrete walls
US9487951B2 (en) 2013-03-01 2016-11-08 Shaw & Sons, Inc. Architectural concrete wall and method of forming the same
US9695602B2 (en) 2013-08-20 2017-07-04 Shaw & Sons, Inc. Architectural concrete and method of forming the same

Cited By (20)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2759723A (en) * 1953-02-03 1956-08-21 Crespi Giovanni Compress laminated refractory block for metallurgical furnaces
US4418121A (en) * 1981-02-23 1983-11-29 Kaneaki Moriyama Tile for construction representing antique pattern
US4789319A (en) * 1984-11-20 1988-12-06 Uralita, S.A. Roof tiles and wall tiles and process for their manufacture
US5017320A (en) * 1984-11-20 1991-05-21 Uralita, S.A. Process for the manufacuture of stratified pieces such as roof tiles and wall tiles
US6082074A (en) * 1997-08-04 2000-07-04 Shaw; Lee A. Method of fabricating layered decorative wall
US5950394A (en) * 1997-08-04 1999-09-14 Shaw; Lee A. Method of fabricating decorative wall
US6112487A (en) * 1997-08-04 2000-09-05 Shaw; Lee A. Decorative wall and method of fabrication
US5887399A (en) * 1997-08-04 1999-03-30 Shaw; Lee A. Decorative wall and method of fabrication
US7670081B2 (en) 2002-01-28 2010-03-02 Lithocrete, Inc. Method of forming surface seeded particulate
US20040041295A1 (en) * 2002-01-28 2004-03-04 Shaw Lee A. Method of forming surface seeded particulate
US20100111604A1 (en) * 2002-01-28 2010-05-06 Shaw Lee A Method of forming surface seeded particulate
US20080112757A1 (en) * 2002-01-28 2008-05-15 Shaw Lee A Method of forming surface seeded particulate
US20070104538A1 (en) * 2002-01-28 2007-05-10 Shaw Lee A Method of forming surface seeded particulate
US20060083591A1 (en) * 2003-09-02 2006-04-20 Shaw Lee A Method of forming surface seeded particulate
US20100180528A1 (en) * 2009-01-21 2010-07-22 Shaw Ronald D Decorative concrete and method of installing the same
US9267284B2 (en) 2009-01-21 2016-02-23 Lithocrete, Inc. Decorative concrete and method of installing the same
US9580915B2 (en) 2009-01-21 2017-02-28 Lithocrete, Inc. Decorative concrete and method of installing the same
US9487951B2 (en) 2013-03-01 2016-11-08 Shaw & Sons, Inc. Architectural concrete wall and method of forming the same
US8962088B2 (en) 2013-03-15 2015-02-24 Lithocrete, Inc. Method and finish for concrete walls
US9695602B2 (en) 2013-08-20 2017-07-04 Shaw & Sons, Inc. Architectural concrete and method of forming the same

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