US3474781A - Restraining device for bedridden persons - Google Patents

Restraining device for bedridden persons Download PDF

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Publication number
US3474781A
US3474781A US3474781DA US3474781A US 3474781 A US3474781 A US 3474781A US 3474781D A US3474781D A US 3474781DA US 3474781 A US3474781 A US 3474781A
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Prior art keywords
wrist
belt
strap
straps
restraining device
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Inventor
John F Gaylord Jr
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Medical Specialties Inc
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Medical Specialties Inc
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F5/00Orthopaedic methods or devices for non-surgical treatment of bones or joints; Nursing devices; Anti-rape devices
    • A61F5/37Restraining devices for the body or for body parts, e.g. slings; Restraining shirts
    • A61F5/3769Restraining devices for the body or for body parts, e.g. slings; Restraining shirts for attaching the body to beds, wheel-chairs or the like
    • A61F5/3776Restraining devices for the body or for body parts, e.g. slings; Restraining shirts for attaching the body to beds, wheel-chairs or the like by means of a blanket or belts
    • A61F5/3784Restraining devices for the body or for body parts, e.g. slings; Restraining shirts for attaching the body to beds, wheel-chairs or the like by means of a blanket or belts directly connected to the trunk, e.g. with jacket
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S128/00Surgery
    • Y10S128/15Hook and loop type fastener
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T24/00Buckles, buttons, clasps, etc.
    • Y10T24/27Buckles, buttons, clasps, etc. including readily dissociable fastener having numerous, protruding, unitary filaments randomly interlocking with, and simultaneously moving towards, mating structure [e.g., hook-loop type fastener]
    • Y10T24/2708Combined with diverse fastener

Description

Oct 8. 1969 J. F. GAYLORD. JR

RESTRAINING DEVICE FOR BEDRIDDEN PERSONS 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed Aug. 7, 1968 GAvLoRb, J12

46:16, All H6914.

Oct. 8. 9 J. F. GAYLORD, JR

RESTRAINING DEVICE FOR BEDRIDDEN PERSONS 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed Aug. 7. 1968 v INVENFOR: JOHN F: GAYLORB, IE.

BYMM

ATTORN United States Patent US. (:1. 128-134 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE An elongate belt having fastening means at each end for releasably securing the same to the side frames of a bed is provided with a pair of longitudinally spaced transverse supports. Opposite end portions of the supports are secured to the belt but have respective medial portions thereof free of attachment to the 'belt. A separate elongate wrist-strap is provided for each support and has one of its ends secured to the respective support with the longitudinal axis of the wrist-strap extending generally longitudinally of the belt.The'wrist-straps are adapted to be looped around a persons wrists with each wrist-strap being looped between its respective support and the belt such that the Wrist-straps are of generally convolute form and means are provided for releasably securing a first portion of each wrist-strap remote from the respective support in overlapping relation to a second portion of the same wrist-strap more closely adjacent the respective support than the said first portion.

Restraining devices are-widely used for restraining the torso, arms and/or-other limbs of bedridden persons; such as geriatric or surgical patients who, because of senility, pain, delirium or insanity, might otherwise inflict injury upon themselves or others or interfere with a surgeon While he is performing an operation. Emergency situations sometimes arrive in which an attendant must apply a restraining device to an otherwise unrestrained bedridden patient as quickly as possible without subjecting the patient to undue discomfort. To my knowledge, prior art forms of restraining devices have one or more deficiencies which either encumber the application thereof to a bedridden patient or'make them unduly uncomfortable to the patient, or they are expensive to manufacture.

It isheretofore an object of this invention to provide a restraining device which is simply and economically constructedand has relatively few parts, andwith which a patient may be quickly, safely, securely and comfortably strapped to a bed without the necessity of restraining the mobility of the patients head and legs.

It is is a more specific object of this invention to provide-a restraining device of the character described'including an elongate bed strap having longitudinally spaced wrist-straps so mounted thereon that they can be looped about a patients Wrists and upon themselves in a convolute manner, and whereinmeans are provided for easily and effectively securing the overlapping portions of the looped wrist-straps together.

Some of the objects of the invention having been stated, other objects will appear as the description proceeds, when taken in connection with the accompanying drawings, in which- FIGURE 1 is a perspective view of a preferred embodiment of the restraining device of the instant invention secured to a bed and extending across the torso of a reclining patient, with the wrists of the patient bound by the wrist-straps of the restraining device;

FIGURE 2 is an enlarged fragmentary perspective view of a portion of the restraining device, particularly ice illustrating how a corresponding wrist-strap is looped upon itself in a convolute manner in effecting securement of a patients wrist to the restraining belt;

FIGURE 3 is an enlarged perspective view looking at the outer surface of the restraining belt removed from the bed;

FIGURE 4 is a perspective view looking at the opposite side of the restraining or bed belt from that shown in FIGURE 3; and

FIGURE Sis a fragmentary view similar to FIGURE 2, with the corresponding wrist-strap broken away to better illustrate the corresponding support therefor and a preferred manner of attaching the support to the bed belt.

Referring more specifically to the drawings, the restraining device of the present invention comprises an elongate bed belt or restraining belt broadly designated at 10 and having fastening means, in the form of pliable fastening tapes or straps 11, 12 at opposite ends thereof for releasably securing the restraining belt 10 to the side frames 13 of a bed 14. Restraining belt 10 includes an elongate outer panel or body 16 of substantially inelastic pliable material, such as duck material or other woven fabric, which has substantial inherent stability against stretch in use. The outer panel 16 is provided with a body-engaging or inner facing 17 of resilient sponge-like material to present a soft, yieldable, friction surface to the patients body and which prevents slippage of the belt when it is secured across the torso of a patient reclining upon the bed 14 as shown in FIGURE 1. Also, the resilient nature of the inner facing 17 is such as to provide a comfortable yielding surface to the portion of the belt 10 engaging the torso of the patient.

It is preferred that the body-engaging facing 17 covers substantially the entire inner surface of outer panel 16 and that the facing 17 is formed of closed cell polyurethane foam adhesively or otherwise suitably bonded to the inner surface of panel 16. A binder strip 20 may be secured about the entire perimeter of belt 10. It is preferred that the belt 10 is about 4 to 6 inches wide and has a length of about 3 /2 to 5 feet; i.e., about the same as the width of the bed 14 with which it is to be used.

Opposite ends of belt 10 may be rounded substantially as shown in FIGURES l, 3 and 4, and the proximal ends of the fastening tapes 11, 12 may be secured to the outer surface of the outer panel 16, adjacent opposite ends of belt 10, as by means of stitching 21, the stitches of which may extend through both panel 16 and the inner facing 17.

The restraining device also comprises a pair of pliable wrist-straps 25', 25 whose longitudinal axes extend generally longitudinally of bed strap 10. Wrist-straps 25, 25' are of substantially less width than the width of bed strap 10, and their distal end portions are suitably secured, as by stitching 26, 26', to medial portions of respective transverse supports 27, 27' which are spaced apart from each other and have their respective opposite end portions suitably secured to the outer panel 16 of belt 10, as by stitching 30, 30, the stitches of which may extend through both the outer panel 16 and the facing 17. Transverse supports 27, 27 may be made from any suitable material such as woven fabric, plastic, metal, metal covered with fabric, leather, etc. Duck material is preferred however. 'It is important to note that substantial medial portions of transverse supports 27, 27' are free of attachment to belt 10 so that wrist-straps 25, 25' may be easily looped between the respective transverse supports 27, 27' and the outer panel 16 of belt 10. For use with most adult patients, the transverse supports 27, 27' may be spaced apart from each other about 17 to 20 inches and are preferably spaced equidistantly from opposite ends of belt 10.

The wrist-straps may be constructed in a manner similar to that described for the belt Le, the wrist-straps 25, are formed of outer panels 32, 32 of substantially pliable material, such as duck material or other woven textile fabric, and the outer panels 32, 32 are provided with respective wrist-engaging facings 33, 33 of resilient sponge-like material, preferably in the form of closed cell polyurethane foam adhesively or otherwise suitably bonded to the inner surfaces of the inelastic panels 32, 32'.

Each wrist-strap may be about 2 /2 inches wide and about 16 inches long so as to be looped around a patients wrist and between the respective support 27, 27 and belt 10 such that each wrist-strap may then be of convolute form. Accordingly, suitable means are provided for releasably securing a first portion of each wrist-strap re mote from the respective support in overlapping relation to a second portion of the same Wrist-strap more closely adjacent the respective support than said first portion. To this end, it is preferred that a so-called Velcrotype of fastening means is employed in which strips of textile pile material 36 are secured to the inner surfaces of the respective wrist-straps 25, 25 adjacent the free ends thereof, as by suitable stitching, and wherein a hook strip 37 is suitably attached to the outer surface of each wrist-strap 25 adjacent the end thereof which is secured to the corresponding support 27 or 27'. By way of example, each of the fastening strips 36, 37 of the wrist-straps 25, 25 may be of a length approximately one-third of the length of the respective wrist-straps and it is preferred that each of the pile strips 36 terminates a short distance (about one to two inches) from the free end of the respective wriststrap so as to provide a pull tab on the free end of each wrist-strap 25, 25' when the pile strips 36 are in full contacting engagement with the respective hook strips 37.

Hook strips 37 may be of a type such as is disclosed in U.S. Patent No. 2,717,437 issued Sept. 13, 1955, wherein the hook strip is provided with tiny fiber hook elements extending outwardly from one side of a backing material and which will become embedded in and will cling to a soft fibrous material when pressed thereagainst. Usually, the material against which such hook strips are pressed to form a fastening means is a napped textile material. Since the fastening means described herein and embodied in the pile strips 36 and the hook strips 37 is fully disclosed in said U.S. Patent No. 2,717,437, a further description thereof is deemed unnecessary. In fact, it is to be understood that other fastening means, such as snap fasteners may be employed without departing from the invention.

The facings 17 and 33 engaging the torso and wrists, respectively, of a patient not only cushion the belt and the wrist-straps with respect to the patients body so that the patient is quite comfortable while the restraining device is being used, but these facings 17, 33 also present a non-slip friction surface against the body of the patient so that the device will not normally be displaced when it is being worn even when the wrist-straps are not tightly wrapped around the patients wrists, thus obviating the need for any additional supporting means or straps for maintaining the restraining device in the desired position at all times while it is in use. This arrangement also lends itself for use in benign restraint of a person, which is frequently desirable.

In the drawings and specification there has been set forth a preferred embodiment of the invention and, al-

" though specific terms are employed, they are used in a generic and descriptive sense only, and not for purposes of limitation, the scope of the invention being defined in the claims.

I claim:

1. A restraining device for bedridden persons comprising an elongate belt having fastening means at each end for releasably securing said belt to the side frames of a bed, a pair of transverse supports spaced apart from each other and having their respective opposite end portions secured to said belt, brrt having their medial portions free of attachment to said belt, a separate elongate wrist-strap for each support and having one end portion secured to the respective support with the longitudinale axes of said wrist-straps extending generally longitudinally of said belt, said wrist-straps being adapted to be looped around a persons Wrists with each wrist-strap being looped between its respective support and said belt such that the wriststraps are of convolute form, and means for releasably securing a first portion of each wrist-strap remote from the respective support in overlapping relation to a second portion of the same wrist-strap more closely adjacent the respective support than said first portion.

2. A restraining device according to claim 1, wherein said belt is formed with an outer surface of textile fabric of substantial inherent stability against stretch in use and wherein at least that portion of the length of the inner surface of said belt which is adapted to engage a patients body is provided with a facing of resilient sponge-like material bonded to the inner surface of said textile fabric.

3. A restraining device according to claim 1, wherein each of said Wrist-straps is formed of a woven textile material of substantial inherent stability against stretch in use, and wherein at least those portions of the inner surfaces of said wrist-straps which are adapted to engage the wrists of a patient are provided with facings of resilient sponge-like material bonded to the textile material of the respective wrist-straps.

4. A restraining device according to claims 1, 2 or 3, in which said means for releasably securing a first portion of each wrist-strap in overlapping relation to a second portion thereof comprises means forming a napped surface on one face of each wrist-strap and plurality or hookshaped fiber elements secured to and projecting from the opposite face of each respective wrist-strap with the disposition of the napped surface and the hook-shaped fiber members of each wrist-strap being such that the hookshaped fiber members grippingly engage the respective napped surfaces when each respective wrist-strap is looped between its respective support and the belt in convolute form around a persons wrists.

5. A restraining device according to any one of claims 1, 2 or 3, in which said fastening means at each end of said belt comprises at least one elongate pliable tape having one end secured to each respective end portion of said belt whereby said tapes may be tied to the side frames of the bed.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 794,457 7/1905 Gaiter 128134 2,308,466 1/1943 Johnson 128134 2,863,450 12/1958 Johnson 128l34 ADELE M. EAGER, Primary Examiner U.S. Cl. X.R.

US3474781A 1968-08-07 1968-08-07 Restraining device for bedridden persons Expired - Lifetime US3474781A (en)

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US75090868 true 1968-08-07 1968-08-07

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Cited By (33)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3819177A (en) * 1972-01-31 1974-06-25 I Spiro Elastic exercise belt
US3840916A (en) * 1973-04-13 1974-10-15 L Jennings Infant support
US3859677A (en) * 1973-10-03 1975-01-14 Invalid Carrier Inc Invalid carrying sling
US3905062A (en) * 1972-06-07 1975-09-16 Repla Int Arrangement for securing coating strips on a wall
US3911912A (en) * 1974-10-15 1975-10-14 Kimberly Clark Co Combination surgical drape
US3970316A (en) * 1975-03-27 1976-07-20 Diversified Products, Inc. Golf swing restrictor
US4004583A (en) * 1975-01-02 1977-01-25 Johnson Daniel E Restraining device
US4023219A (en) * 1972-09-29 1977-05-17 Infranor S.A. Nuclear accident carrier
US4039225A (en) * 1971-09-22 1977-08-02 Daimler-Benz Aktiengesellschaft Shell-shaped children's seat for vehicles
US4071023A (en) * 1976-09-13 1978-01-31 Gregory Peter J Restraining device
US4172453A (en) * 1977-11-02 1979-10-30 Irvin Industries Canada Ltd. Belt-type restraint device
US4221011A (en) * 1978-10-23 1980-09-09 Flinchbaugh/Murray Corporation Apparatus and method for lifting the handicapped
US4381025A (en) * 1979-01-02 1983-04-26 Schooley Constance E Cover for instant hot or cold pack
US4556252A (en) * 1983-02-14 1985-12-03 Serex Vern L Portable ski rest
US4602392A (en) * 1985-06-28 1986-07-29 Mildred Grier Tub basket
US4699132A (en) * 1986-06-09 1987-10-13 Carville Robin K Patient restraint device
US4762315A (en) * 1986-05-22 1988-08-09 Witter Judith M Child restraint device
US4768834A (en) * 1985-03-15 1988-09-06 Walsh Andrew C Method and apparatus for maintaining optimum lumbar spinal alignment while seated
US4819663A (en) * 1987-10-30 1989-04-11 Rita Matre Sitting patient leg restraint
US4949679A (en) * 1988-11-14 1990-08-21 Wolfer Joseph A Apparatus for securing an individual's hands adjacent his waist
US5012821A (en) * 1988-05-23 1991-05-07 Tarver Charles W Medical restraint apparatus
US5076288A (en) * 1989-04-17 1991-12-31 J. T. Posey Company Double-lock friction fastener system
EP0525393A1 (en) * 1991-06-28 1993-02-03 MCCARTHY, Andrew D. Limb-restraining safety harness
US20020092530A1 (en) * 2001-01-13 2002-07-18 Bruce Chapman Rapid deployment soft restraint apparatus and method
US20050022825A1 (en) * 2003-07-31 2005-02-03 Larson Donald O. Medical arm securing device
US20050160530A1 (en) * 2002-02-22 2005-07-28 Kenji Taguchi Movable bed
US20070029357A1 (en) * 2005-08-03 2007-02-08 Kuo-Chih Chao Multi-functional retaining strap
US20090211029A1 (en) * 2008-02-25 2009-08-27 Bongfen Siona Jaff Forba Device and method of limb support for a patient
US20110178450A1 (en) * 2010-01-20 2011-07-21 Paula Mackowiak Manual Spinal Traction Device
US20120118300A1 (en) * 2010-11-16 2012-05-17 Roman Wysozki Fixation bandage for the fixation of a patient
US8214951B1 (en) 2009-06-29 2012-07-10 Batta Alex G Soft Surgical arm support
US20120266899A1 (en) * 2011-04-21 2012-10-25 Goldwall Llc Patient Positioning System
US10016066B2 (en) * 2014-05-15 2018-07-10 No More Squirmy Baby, LLC Infant stabilizing and immobilization apparatus

Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5081714A (en) * 1990-09-18 1992-01-21 Liu Ing Nan Vehicle internal safety belt
WO2010044717A1 (en) * 2008-10-17 2010-04-22 Öyvind Reitan Förvaltnings Ab A method and a device for abdominally stabilizing patient

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US794457A (en) * 1905-01-06 1905-07-11 John Gaiter Restraining device.
US2308466A (en) * 1941-12-15 1943-01-12 Meinecke & Company Inc Restraining device
US2863450A (en) * 1955-08-09 1958-12-09 Phyllis M Johnson Safety harness for children

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US794457A (en) * 1905-01-06 1905-07-11 John Gaiter Restraining device.
US2308466A (en) * 1941-12-15 1943-01-12 Meinecke & Company Inc Restraining device
US2863450A (en) * 1955-08-09 1958-12-09 Phyllis M Johnson Safety harness for children

Cited By (37)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4039225A (en) * 1971-09-22 1977-08-02 Daimler-Benz Aktiengesellschaft Shell-shaped children's seat for vehicles
US3819177A (en) * 1972-01-31 1974-06-25 I Spiro Elastic exercise belt
US3905062A (en) * 1972-06-07 1975-09-16 Repla Int Arrangement for securing coating strips on a wall
US4023219A (en) * 1972-09-29 1977-05-17 Infranor S.A. Nuclear accident carrier
US3840916A (en) * 1973-04-13 1974-10-15 L Jennings Infant support
US3859677A (en) * 1973-10-03 1975-01-14 Invalid Carrier Inc Invalid carrying sling
US3911912A (en) * 1974-10-15 1975-10-14 Kimberly Clark Co Combination surgical drape
US4004583A (en) * 1975-01-02 1977-01-25 Johnson Daniel E Restraining device
US3970316A (en) * 1975-03-27 1976-07-20 Diversified Products, Inc. Golf swing restrictor
US4071023A (en) * 1976-09-13 1978-01-31 Gregory Peter J Restraining device
US4172453A (en) * 1977-11-02 1979-10-30 Irvin Industries Canada Ltd. Belt-type restraint device
US4221011A (en) * 1978-10-23 1980-09-09 Flinchbaugh/Murray Corporation Apparatus and method for lifting the handicapped
US4381025A (en) * 1979-01-02 1983-04-26 Schooley Constance E Cover for instant hot or cold pack
US4556252A (en) * 1983-02-14 1985-12-03 Serex Vern L Portable ski rest
US4768834A (en) * 1985-03-15 1988-09-06 Walsh Andrew C Method and apparatus for maintaining optimum lumbar spinal alignment while seated
US4602392A (en) * 1985-06-28 1986-07-29 Mildred Grier Tub basket
US4762315A (en) * 1986-05-22 1988-08-09 Witter Judith M Child restraint device
US4699132A (en) * 1986-06-09 1987-10-13 Carville Robin K Patient restraint device
US4819663A (en) * 1987-10-30 1989-04-11 Rita Matre Sitting patient leg restraint
US5012821A (en) * 1988-05-23 1991-05-07 Tarver Charles W Medical restraint apparatus
US4949679A (en) * 1988-11-14 1990-08-21 Wolfer Joseph A Apparatus for securing an individual's hands adjacent his waist
US5076288A (en) * 1989-04-17 1991-12-31 J. T. Posey Company Double-lock friction fastener system
EP0525393A1 (en) * 1991-06-28 1993-02-03 MCCARTHY, Andrew D. Limb-restraining safety harness
US20020092530A1 (en) * 2001-01-13 2002-07-18 Bruce Chapman Rapid deployment soft restraint apparatus and method
US20050160530A1 (en) * 2002-02-22 2005-07-28 Kenji Taguchi Movable bed
US7246389B2 (en) * 2002-02-22 2007-07-24 Sanyo Electric Co., Ltd. Adjustable bed
US7107994B2 (en) 2003-07-31 2006-09-19 Larson Donald O Medical arm securing device
US20050022825A1 (en) * 2003-07-31 2005-02-03 Larson Donald O. Medical arm securing device
US20070029357A1 (en) * 2005-08-03 2007-02-08 Kuo-Chih Chao Multi-functional retaining strap
US7356888B2 (en) * 2005-08-03 2008-04-15 Kuo-Chih Chao Multi-functional retaining strap
US20090211029A1 (en) * 2008-02-25 2009-08-27 Bongfen Siona Jaff Forba Device and method of limb support for a patient
US8214951B1 (en) 2009-06-29 2012-07-10 Batta Alex G Soft Surgical arm support
US20110178450A1 (en) * 2010-01-20 2011-07-21 Paula Mackowiak Manual Spinal Traction Device
US20120118300A1 (en) * 2010-11-16 2012-05-17 Roman Wysozki Fixation bandage for the fixation of a patient
US20120266899A1 (en) * 2011-04-21 2012-10-25 Goldwall Llc Patient Positioning System
US8602032B2 (en) * 2011-04-21 2013-12-10 Gary Paul Goldsmith Patient positioning system
US10016066B2 (en) * 2014-05-15 2018-07-10 No More Squirmy Baby, LLC Infant stabilizing and immobilization apparatus

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