US3474584A - Structural panel and process of making same - Google Patents

Structural panel and process of making same Download PDF

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US3474584A
US3474584A US3474584DA US3474584A US 3474584 A US3474584 A US 3474584A US 3474584D A US3474584D A US 3474584DA US 3474584 A US3474584 A US 3474584A
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panel
board
core
resin
polyester resin
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Charles C Lynch
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Charles C Lynch
Component System Inc Const
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04DROOF COVERINGS; SKY-LIGHTS; GUTTERS; ROOF-WORKING TOOLS
    • E04D3/00Roof covering by making use of flat or curved slabs or stiff sheets
    • E04D3/35Roofing slabs or stiff sheets comprising two or more layers, e.g. for insulation
    • E04D3/351Roofing slabs or stiff sheets comprising two or more layers, e.g. for insulation at least one of the layers being composed of insulating material, e.g. fibre or foam material
    • E04D3/355Roofing slabs or stiff sheets comprising two or more layers, e.g. for insulation at least one of the layers being composed of insulating material, e.g. fibre or foam material the insulating layers of adjacent slabs having cooperating edges
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C2/00Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels
    • E04C2/02Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials
    • E04C2/10Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials of wood, fibres, chips, vegetable stems, or the like; of plastics; of foamed products
    • E04C2/24Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials of wood, fibres, chips, vegetable stems, or the like; of plastics; of foamed products laminated and composed of materials covered by two or more of groups E04C2/12, E04C2/16, E04C2/20
    • E04C2/243Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials of wood, fibres, chips, vegetable stems, or the like; of plastics; of foamed products laminated and composed of materials covered by two or more of groups E04C2/12, E04C2/16, E04C2/20 one at least of the material being insulating
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04DROOF COVERINGS; SKY-LIGHTS; GUTTERS; ROOF-WORKING TOOLS
    • E04D3/00Roof covering by making use of flat or curved slabs or stiff sheets
    • E04D3/35Roofing slabs or stiff sheets comprising two or more layers, e.g. for insulation
    • E04D3/351Roofing slabs or stiff sheets comprising two or more layers, e.g. for insulation at least one of the layers being composed of insulating material, e.g. fibre or foam material
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10T428/29Coated or structually defined flake, particle, cell, strand, strand portion, rod, filament, macroscopic fiber or mass thereof
    • Y10T428/2913Rod, strand, filament or fiber
    • Y10T428/2927Rod, strand, filament or fiber including structurally defined particulate matter

Description

Oct. 28, 1969 c. c. LYNCH STRUCTURAL PANEL AND PROCESS OF MAKING SAME Filed May 29, 1967 2 Sheets-$heet 1 I F/GZZ INVENTOR 676016 455 C, LYNCH WWW Oct. 28, 1969 c. L-YNCH 3,474,584

STRUCTURAL PANEL AND PROCESS OF MAKING SAME Filed May 29, 1967 3 2 Sheets-Sheet Has 7w v-.-'/// FIG] 3 I INVENTOR CAM/e455 4 A Y/YC'f/ $3 .2412 BY TORNEYS 3,474,584 Patented Oct. 28, 1969 3,474,584 STRUCTURAL PANEL AND PROCESS OF MAKING SAME Charles C. Lynch, Construction Component System, Inc., 535 Gravier St., New Orleans, La. 70130 Filed May 29, 1967, Ser. No. 641,912 Int. Cl. B27k 3/00; E04b 1/62, 2/00 US. Cl. 52-309 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE This invention pertains to a curtain wall type facing for building construction, and describes a decorative panel and the process for making it. The panel contains two basic layers comprising a substrate, which is a core board saturated with a polyester resin, and a laminated outer layer of polyester resin implanted or intermixed with fiber rovings and having a layer of decorative material at least partially embedded in the resin.

FIELD OF THE INVENTION This invention pertains to building material and, more particularly, to an improved decorative or ornamental panel and the process for its preparation.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PRIOR ART The panels of the present invention serve a similar function as concrete ornamental panels which are presently in common use in providing exterior building facings. However, it has been found that the panels of the present invention are superior to concrete panels in several respects. The usual concrete facing panel is, by the very nature of the material, heavy and brittle, thus making it extremely difiicult to handle, not only when transporting it, but when afiixing it to a building. Secondly, concrete panels have a high tendency to chip and crack or to shed their decorative surfacing, and thus there results a great deal of wastage, or a poor appearance after a relatively short period of use. Thirdly, concrete requires a long cure time to obtain its maximum strength, thus increasing the cost of manufacture, and often causing delays in building construction. The building industry has experimented with many materials in an attempt to reduce these difiiculties, but has been unable to devise a suitable exterior building surface.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The present invention overcomes these and other problems of the prior art by providing a facing panel which is functional, durable, strong, light weight and ornamental, and which is crack resistant, has a strong bond between the substrate and facing material, and cures quickly for use within a short period of time.

An object of the present invention, therefore, is to provide a construction panel for curtain type walls which is ornamental.

Another object is to provide a construction panel which has high-strength characteristics.

Still another object is to provide an ornamental panel which has good weather-resistant and insulating qualities.

Another object is to provide a panel that can be prepared in a medley of shapes and sizes.

A further object is to provide a construction panel which can be manufactured relatively inexpensively and without forming apparatus.

Another object is to provide a method for preparing a decorative or ornamental panel which is pleasing to the eye and has high-strength characteristics, good insulating qualities, waterproof, weather resistant and can be manufactured relatively inexpensively and in a variety of shapes and sizes.

These and other objects are attained by the practice of this invention which, briefly, comprises the steps of saturating a fiber-board with a resin, curing the board, coating or laminating at least one surface with a resin containing implanted or intermixed fiber rovings, embedding decorative material in the surface resin and curing the panel. This method produces a unitary panel structure which may be used on curtain type walls, either interiorly or exteriorly of the building, in any desired configuration.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS The foregoing features and objects of the invention will be more fully understood from the following specification and claims, taken with the accompanying drawings in which:

FIGURE 1 is a cross-sectional view of the basic core fiber-board;

FIGURE 2 is a cross-sectional view of the basic core fiber-board saturated with a resin;

FIGURE 3 is a cross-sectional view of the cured resin saturated fiber-board which has been tongued and grooved;

FIGURE 4 is a plan view of joined saturated core boards;

FIGURE 5 is a cross-sectional view of a joint formed by joining sections of core board together;

FIGURE 6 is a cross-sectional view of the resin coated or laminated core board;

FIGURE 7 is a cross-sectional view of the resin coated or laminated core board with the decorative material embedded in the resin;

FIGURE 8 is a perspective view of the finished panel; and

FIGURE 9 is a cross-sectional view of a cap panel containing a flashing or roofing reglet.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT The process for preparing the decorative panel of the present invention comprises saturating the core fiberboard 1 illustrated in FIG. 1 with a polyester resin 2, as in FIG. 2, and curing the resin. The cured saturated board 3 may then be provided with a groove 4 and a tongue 5, as in FIG. 3, for the purpose of joining a plurality of boards 3 together to form a large panel. The boards may be adhered together by use of an adhesive 6 and, optionally, a screw 7 traversing the tongue and groove joint 8 to form an extremely strong connection. After the proper number of treated boards have been fastened together to form the desired size and shape of the panel, anchoring means may be attached to at least one surface should this be desired. The outer, or face, surface of the joined boards 3 is coated or laminated with a polyester resin 9 containing fiber rovings 10. The decorative material 11 is applied to and is at least partially embedded in the polyester resin coating 9. The polyester resin 9 is cured and any excess decorative material 11 is removed. The finished panel 12 is light-weight and decorative, and has all the desirable features set forth hereinabove.

The basic core panel may be any porous fiber-board. such as the bagasse core board manufactured by Fibrelite Corporation. Other boards of suitable characteristics may be used.

The bagasse core board preferred has a density of about 45 to about 50 pounds per cubic foot. The amount of polyester absorbed by the bagasse board increases the density by about 65 to of the original poundage.

The polyester resin which may be used for saturating the basic core board and for the coating or laminating process is any polyester resin which is compatible with the resin employed in the manufacture of the board. Polyester of a dicarboxylic acid such as terephthalic acid, isophthalic acid, etc. and a glycol such as ethylene glycol may be used. However, isophthalic polyester resin is preferred. Other suitable resins will be apparent to those skilled in the art.

The staurated board is cured by any known heating method such as heating ovens, heating rolls or belts, infrared heat, or other methods. Direct infra-red heat is preferred for both curing steps because of its ease in utilization.

A plurality of polyester resin saturated bagasse core boards may be joined together to form a large panel.

After the cured saturated resin boards are tongued and grooved, an adhesive such as epoxy is applied to the edges to be joined. The boards are abutted together and for additional strength screws are used. The screws, if employed, traverse the tongue and groove portion of the joint, as described with respect to FIG. 5. However, any other convenient method of joining the boards together to prepare a large panel may be used.

The basic bagasse core board may be cut or produced in any desired length or width. However, for ease of handling it has been found that a maximum size of 5 feet wide and feet long is preferred.

The anchor means which may be applied to at least one surface of the panel for use in attaching the panel to a building structure, may be angle irons, hooks, brackets, bolts or any other adaptable hardware. The anchoring means are attached to the panel by any convenient method such as elevator bolts, screws, etc.

The fiber rovings which may be incorporated in the polyester resin to the extent of about 20 to 40% may comprise materials such as mineral and/or synthetic fibers. Fibers most commonly used for such purposes are glass, cotton, wool, cellulose, asbestos, hemp, etc. However, in the present process, fiber-glass rovings are preferred.

Examples of the decorative material which may be embedded in the polyester resin surface coating are aggregates, such as silica flour and silica granules, stone pebbles, stone chips, inorganic pigment, and the like. These materials will vary in accordance with the texture and appearance desired in the finished wall structure.

The panels of this invention may be used in any area of construction where a decorative surface is desired, such as on the exterior of a structure, the interior, roof, ceiling, floors, etc.

The following example illustrates the best mode contemplated in the manufacture of the decorative panels.

EXAMPLE A special run bagasse core board in various sizes as manufactured by Fibrelite Corporation, Vacherie, La., having a density per cubic ft. of 47 lbs. was utilized in the making of decorative panel of the invention. The board was saturated with isophthalic polyester resins. This application brought about an increase of density to the board of 75% of original poundage.

The isophthalic polyester resin which was absorbed by the core fused with the thermo-plastic binders utilized in the manufacture of the raw bagasse core. The increase in density brought about through this saturation enhanced the overall strength factors of the basic core. The core was then placed under direct infra-red heat to bring about proper curing of saturation resins.

The cores were cut to the desired length and width, which in the present case was about 5 wide x 20' long maximum size. The edges of the cores were either tongue or grooved. Upon completion of the tongue and groove operation the cores were joined together, utilizing a low molecular weight epoxy resin for adhesion purposes and the tongue and groove were through screwed, thus bringing about an extremely strong connection. Where the two cores were joined together the actual joint was stronger than any other portion of the panel due to the reinforcing brought about by the addition of the epoxy glues. Various sizes and shapes of the core products were fabricated in the previously mentioned manner to bring about a panel core having the desired overall size.

A steel angle was secured at the top of the core running horizontally on the panel by drilling holes through the core and inserting elevator bolts through the holes and the angles. The holes were drilled 16" on center. An identical angle was attached in the same fashion to the lower part of the core panel.

A lay-up course of isophthalic polyester resin containing 25 to 35% fiber-glass rovings was laminated to the outside surface of the basic core panel to a total thickness of The resin used was a casting resin having the following characteristics: Typefiexible; dibasic acid-PA; viscosity (cps. at 77 F.)500; pounds per gallon-9.30; specific gravity at 77 F.1.1l7; styrene content-40%. The preceding are solution characteristics. Curing characteristics: 70 F.jell time (minutes)-16.0; peak exotherm F.)290; curing ratemedium. Following properties: Heat distortion F. at 264 p.s.i.)156; Barcol hardness-42, izod impact (unnotched) (ft. 1bs./in.)2.2; flexural strength (10 x p.s.i.)-15.0; volume shrinkage7.80. Upon completion of the plastic lamination, the decorative material was applied by first laminating on the panel a A thick (min.) exterior plastic matrix, consisting of the following formulations: Chevron Chemical Company Resin #5765, 139.5 lbs.; pure white silica flour, 200 lbs.; silica granules divided into equal measurements of #1, 2, and 3 size, 300 lbs.; and inorganic pigment (dispersion color paste), dispersed in a special light stabilized vehicle in required poundage (depending on color desired) averaging /2 of 1 lb.

As the laminate was troweled onto the panel, aggregates of various sizes and types were pervaded and pressed into laminate. The panel then was infra-red cured. Upon completion of curing (approximately 1 /2 hours) excessive stones (those not firmly embedded into matrix laminate) were removed from the panel by sweeping and vacuuming. Panel was then completed.

A unique feature of the invention is the ease with which a parapet, or cap panel, such as that illustrated in FIG. 9 can be constructed. As shown in this figure, the topmost panel 15 on the building structure is formed with a narrow backing panel 16 fastened to it by any suitable means, such as an epoxy adhesive. The core board for the backing panel is formed in the same manner as the core for the facin panel, and is provided with a slot 17 for receiving a roofing reglet, or flashing, 18. The backing panel extends over the top roof deck 19 of the building, with the flashing 18 serving its usual function of sealing the joint between the parapet and the roof.

After the backing panel is attached to the facing panel 15, the layer of resin 9 is applied to panel 15, and is extended up over the top of the parapet in a double thickness, as illustrated at 20. The facing material 11 is then applied to the panel 15, but since its primary function is that of decoration, it need not be applied to the upper and back portion 20.

The cap portion illustrated in FIG. 9 is preferably used with a construction utilizing facing panels made in accordance with the present invention, but it will be apparent that they could be used as separate units in conjunction with other facing materials.

Thus, there has been described a new and useful pre fabricated structural panel for buildings of various types, the panel being light in weight and durable. The panel has been successfully used on exterior surfaces of buildings, and has been shown to be inexpensive to make, strong, and easy to install. Because of the lightness of the material and simplicity of installation, an entire wall of a four-story ofiice building has been erected in a single working day.

A less apparent advantage of the present invention is that the lightness of the panels, which are about onethird as heavy as masonry construction, allows considerable savings in the basic building concrete and steel framing, a savings which in some instances may be enough to pay for the purchase of the Wall panels for the building. In addition, the weather-resistant feature of the panel eliminates the cost of waterproofing the exterior surface of the building, a process that is required approximately every five years with masonry. Because of the use of large panels of insert plastic in which marble or other chops are embedded, water cannot penetrate the panels. The only possibility of leakage is at windows and other openings, Where there must be caulking.

The invention has been described in considerable detail with particular reference to certain preferred embodiments thereof, but it will be understood that variations and modifications can be elfected within the spirit and scope of the invention hereinbefore described and as defined in the appended claims.

I claim:

1. A decorative structural panel for use in curtain wall construction which comprises a substrate consisting essentially of a porous, bagasse core fiber-board having a density of from 45 to 50 pounds per cubic foot said fiberboard being saturated with a thermoset polyester resin in an amount sufiicient to increase the density of said fiber-board by an amount of from about 65 to about 85 percent of the original density, a layer adhered to at least one surface of said substrate comprising a thermoset polyester resin intermixed with fiber rovings, and a decorative layer of aggregate material at least partially embedded in said layer of thermoset polyester resin.

2. The structural panel of claim 1 wherein the polyester resin is isophthalic polyester resin.

3. The structural panel of claim 1 wherein the fiber rovings are glass fibers.

4. A process for preparing a decorative panel which comprises saturating a bagasse cord board having a density of -50 lbs. per cubic ft. with isophthalic polyester resin until the density has increased by 65 to 85% of the original density of the bagasse board; curing the saturated bagasse core board under infra-red heat; coating at least one surface of the cured bagasse core board to a thickness of at least of an inch with a layer of isophthalic polyester resin containing 20-40% fiber glass rovings; embedding silica flour and silica granules in said layer of isophthalic polyester resin; and curing said layer of resin under infra-red heat.

5. A decorative structural cap panel for use in curtain wall construction which comprises a substrate consisting essentially of a porous, bagasse core fiber-board having a density of from 45 to pounds per cubic foot said fiber-board being saturated with a thermoset polyester resin in an amount suificient to increase the density of said fiber-board by an amount of from about to about percent of the original density, a narrow backing panel firmly adhered to a first surface and along one edge of said substrate, a groove in said backing panel for receiving a roofing reglet, a layer comprising a thermoset polyester resin intermixed with fiber rovings adhered to a second surface of said substrate and extending over said backing panel to cover substantially the Whole exposed surface of said backing panel, and a decorative layer of aggregate material at least partially embedded in said layer of said second surface.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,782,465 2/ 1957 Palmer 52-309 2,981,308 4/ 1961 Thompson. 3,109,763 11/1963 Finger. 3,144,376 8/ 1964 Plumberg. 3,336,179 8/ 1967 Campbell 52-309 JOHN E. MURTAGH, Primary Examiner US. Cl. X.R.

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Cited By (18)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3619230A (en) * 1965-09-20 1971-11-09 Matthews Refractories Ltd Particulate coating method
US3662507A (en) * 1970-03-11 1972-05-16 Arthur J Espeland Preformed building wall construction
US4089139A (en) * 1976-08-24 1978-05-16 Armco Steel Corporation Segmented cylindrical reinforced plastic manhole structure
US4470236A (en) * 1982-05-10 1984-09-11 Macdonald Jr Milton H Vertical boarding
US4672787A (en) * 1985-10-25 1987-06-16 Murphy John J Wall system construction, parts and methods of assembly
US4695502A (en) * 1985-08-12 1987-09-22 Rush John L Interlocking landscape planking
US4869037A (en) * 1985-10-25 1989-09-26 Murphy John J Wall construction
US5283998A (en) * 1989-03-23 1994-02-08 Jong Slosson B Roofing tile
US20090126307A1 (en) * 2007-11-15 2009-05-21 Martin Grohman Planking system and method
US20120018103A1 (en) * 2010-07-21 2012-01-26 Ashelin Charles J Flexible room dividers
US8402709B2 (en) * 1995-03-07 2013-03-26 Pergo (Europe) Ab Flooring panel or wall panel and use thereof
US8544233B2 (en) 2000-03-31 2013-10-01 Pergo (Europe) Ab Building panels
US8615952B2 (en) 2010-01-15 2013-12-31 Pergo (Europe) Ab Set of panels comprising retaining profiles with a separate clip and method for inserting the clip
US8627631B2 (en) 2000-06-20 2014-01-14 Flooring Industries Limited, Sarl Floor covering
US8661762B2 (en) 1995-03-07 2014-03-04 Pergo (Europe) Ab Flooring panel or wall panel and use thereof
US8978334B2 (en) 2010-05-10 2015-03-17 Pergo (Europe) Ab Set of panels
US9322162B2 (en) 1998-02-04 2016-04-26 Pergo (Europe) Ab Guiding means at a joint
US9464443B2 (en) 1998-10-06 2016-10-11 Pergo (Europe) Ab Flooring material comprising flooring elements which are assembled by means of separate flooring elements

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2782465A (en) * 1953-11-25 1957-02-26 Jr George Bruce Palmer Plastic covered insulation product and method for producing same
US2981308A (en) * 1953-03-31 1961-04-25 George F Shea Apparatus for producing reinforced plastic, resinous or like structural bodies, forms, linings and coatings
US3109763A (en) * 1955-09-20 1963-11-05 Johns Manville Fiber Glass Inc Method and apparatus for forming a fiber reinforced resin panel
US3144376A (en) * 1957-10-18 1964-08-11 Owens Corning Fiberglass Corp Insulating board of fibrous glass and method and apparatus for making same
US3336179A (en) * 1966-01-03 1967-08-15 Archilithic Co Glass reinforced roof system

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2981308A (en) * 1953-03-31 1961-04-25 George F Shea Apparatus for producing reinforced plastic, resinous or like structural bodies, forms, linings and coatings
US2782465A (en) * 1953-11-25 1957-02-26 Jr George Bruce Palmer Plastic covered insulation product and method for producing same
US3109763A (en) * 1955-09-20 1963-11-05 Johns Manville Fiber Glass Inc Method and apparatus for forming a fiber reinforced resin panel
US3144376A (en) * 1957-10-18 1964-08-11 Owens Corning Fiberglass Corp Insulating board of fibrous glass and method and apparatus for making same
US3336179A (en) * 1966-01-03 1967-08-15 Archilithic Co Glass reinforced roof system

Cited By (49)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3619230A (en) * 1965-09-20 1971-11-09 Matthews Refractories Ltd Particulate coating method
US3662507A (en) * 1970-03-11 1972-05-16 Arthur J Espeland Preformed building wall construction
US4089139A (en) * 1976-08-24 1978-05-16 Armco Steel Corporation Segmented cylindrical reinforced plastic manhole structure
US4470236A (en) * 1982-05-10 1984-09-11 Macdonald Jr Milton H Vertical boarding
US4695502A (en) * 1985-08-12 1987-09-22 Rush John L Interlocking landscape planking
US4672787A (en) * 1985-10-25 1987-06-16 Murphy John J Wall system construction, parts and methods of assembly
US4869037A (en) * 1985-10-25 1989-09-26 Murphy John J Wall construction
US5283998A (en) * 1989-03-23 1994-02-08 Jong Slosson B Roofing tile
US8402709B2 (en) * 1995-03-07 2013-03-26 Pergo (Europe) Ab Flooring panel or wall panel and use thereof
US8875465B2 (en) 1995-03-07 2014-11-04 Pergo (Europe) Ab Flooring panel or wall panel and use thereof
US8661762B2 (en) 1995-03-07 2014-03-04 Pergo (Europe) Ab Flooring panel or wall panel and use thereof
US9032685B2 (en) 1995-03-07 2015-05-19 Pergo (Europe) Ab Flooring panel or wall panel and use thereof
US9322162B2 (en) 1998-02-04 2016-04-26 Pergo (Europe) Ab Guiding means at a joint
US9464443B2 (en) 1998-10-06 2016-10-11 Pergo (Europe) Ab Flooring material comprising flooring elements which are assembled by means of separate flooring elements
US10156078B2 (en) 2000-03-31 2018-12-18 Pergo (Europe) Ab Building panels
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US9611656B2 (en) 2000-03-31 2017-04-04 Pergo (Europe) Ab Building panels
US9534397B2 (en) 2000-03-31 2017-01-03 Pergo (Europe) Ab Flooring material
US9255414B2 (en) 2000-03-31 2016-02-09 Pergo (Europe) Ab Building panels
US8578675B2 (en) 2000-03-31 2013-11-12 Pergo (Europe) Ab Process for sealing of a joint
US9316006B2 (en) 2000-03-31 2016-04-19 Pergo (Europe) Ab Building panels
US9260869B2 (en) 2000-03-31 2016-02-16 Pergo (Europe) Ab Building panels
US8544233B2 (en) 2000-03-31 2013-10-01 Pergo (Europe) Ab Building panels
US10233653B2 (en) 2000-03-31 2019-03-19 Pergo (Europe) Ab Flooring material
US9482013B2 (en) 2000-06-20 2016-11-01 Flooring Industries Limited, Sarl Floor covering
US9068356B2 (en) 2000-06-20 2015-06-30 Flooring Industries Limited, Sarl Floor covering
US9856657B2 (en) 2000-06-20 2018-01-02 Flooring Industries Limited, Sarl Floor covering
US9234356B2 (en) 2000-06-20 2016-01-12 Flooring Industries Limited, Sarl Floor covering
US8627631B2 (en) 2000-06-20 2014-01-14 Flooring Industries Limited, Sarl Floor covering
US8904729B2 (en) 2000-06-20 2014-12-09 Flooring Industries Limited, Sarl Floor covering
US9624676B2 (en) 2000-06-20 2017-04-18 Flooring Industries Limited, Sarl Floor covering
US8793958B2 (en) 2000-06-20 2014-08-05 Flooring Industries Limited, Sarl Floor covering
US9334657B2 (en) 2000-06-20 2016-05-10 Flooring Industries Limted, Sarl Floor covering
US9376823B1 (en) 2000-06-20 2016-06-28 Flooring Industries Limited, Sarl Floor covering
US9388585B1 (en) 2000-06-20 2016-07-12 Flooring Industries Limited, Sarl Floor covering
US9388586B1 (en) 2000-06-20 2016-07-12 Flooring Industries Limited, Sarl Floor covering
US10125498B2 (en) 2000-06-20 2018-11-13 Flooring Industries Limited, Sarl Floor covering
US8631625B2 (en) 2000-06-20 2014-01-21 Flooring Industries Limited, Sarl Floor covering
US9394699B1 (en) 2000-06-20 2016-07-19 Flooring Industries Limited, Sarl Floor covering
US20090126307A1 (en) * 2007-11-15 2009-05-21 Martin Grohman Planking system and method
US7644556B2 (en) * 2007-11-15 2010-01-12 Correct Building Products, L.L.C. Planking system and method
US9115500B2 (en) 2010-01-15 2015-08-25 Pergo (Europe) Ab Set of panels comprising retaining profiles with a separate clip and method for inserting the clip
US8615952B2 (en) 2010-01-15 2013-12-31 Pergo (Europe) Ab Set of panels comprising retaining profiles with a separate clip and method for inserting the clip
US8631623B2 (en) 2010-01-15 2014-01-21 Pergo (Europe) Ab Set of panels comprising retaining profiles with a separate clip and method for inserting the clip
US9464444B2 (en) 2010-01-15 2016-10-11 Pergo (Europe) Ab Set of panels comprising retaining profiles with a separate clip and method for inserting the clip
US8978334B2 (en) 2010-05-10 2015-03-17 Pergo (Europe) Ab Set of panels
US9593491B2 (en) 2010-05-10 2017-03-14 Pergo (Europe) Ab Set of panels
US20120018103A1 (en) * 2010-07-21 2012-01-26 Ashelin Charles J Flexible room dividers
US8991467B2 (en) * 2010-07-21 2015-03-31 Rite-Hite Holding Corporation Flexible room dividers

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