US3384090A - Method and apparatus for treatment of the deafness, caused by diseases of the middleand internal ear - Google Patents

Method and apparatus for treatment of the deafness, caused by diseases of the middleand internal ear Download PDF

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US3384090A
US3384090A US29576063A US3384090A US 3384090 A US3384090 A US 3384090A US 29576063 A US29576063 A US 29576063A US 3384090 A US3384090 A US 3384090A
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radio frequency
frequency oscillator
waves
oscillator
electrically connected
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Manfredi Angelo
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Manfredi Angelo
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F11/00Methods or devices for treatment of the ears, e.g. surgical; Protective devices for the ears, carried on the body or in the hand; Non-electric hearing aids
    • A61F11/04Devices or methods enabling ear patients to replace direct auditory perception by another kind of perception
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61NELECTROTHERAPY; MAGNETOTHERAPY; RADIATION THERAPY; ULTRASOUND THERAPY
    • A61N1/00Electrotherapy; Circuits therefor
    • A61N1/18Applying electric currents by contact electrodes
    • A61N1/32Applying electric currents by contact electrodes alternating or intermittent currents
    • A61N1/36Applying electric currents by contact electrodes alternating or intermittent currents for stimulation
    • A61N1/36036Applying electric currents by contact electrodes alternating or intermittent currents for stimulation of the outer, middle or inner ear

Description

y 968 A. MANFREDI 3,384,

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR TREATMENT OF THE DEAFNESS. CAUSED BY DISEASES OF THE MIDDLE AND INTERNAL EAR Filed July 17, 1963 MIC. CRO AF I J R F J E osc. AMP 030 l HG. I

Irn C LI CV2 mA I T) TO 0 R 7: E AME RY Iml 2 R Cv CRO illllll HQ. 5

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1 L J AF R F osc. AMP w 030. 1 II E V M j LF LL I L osc. AMP L l INVENTOR /4/V6L 0 MAM/FR 0 BY M *JW ATTORNEYS United States Patent METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR TREATMENT OF THE DEAFNESS, CAUSED BY DISEASES OF THE MIDDLE AND INTERNAL EAR Angelo Manfred'i, Via Quattro Fontane 33, Rome, Italy Filed July 17, 1963, Ser. No. 295,760 Claims priority, application Italy, July 23, 1962, Patent 672,922 8 Claims. (Cl. 128-422) The present invention relates to method and apparatus for generating pulsating waves of particular characteristics, said waves permitting treatment of the deafness caused by diseases of the middle and internal ear and which produce a total or partial lack of sensitivity of the auditory nerve.

In a modification of the invention, the apparatus is associated with a low-frequency wave generator in order to permit completing or alternating the treatment based on the aforesaid pulsating waves, by a treatment carried out by using low frequency alternating current, more particularly adapted to cure neuroses or neuritides of the auditory nerve which often accompany or cause deafness.

It is well known that until now, no means were known for the treatment of such deafness when it results from an inactivity of the sensorial receptors or of the auditory nerve. A slight gain in auditory sensitivity has been attained by the application of medical treatment on the administration of vitamin preparations. In other forms of deafness, due to alterations of the middle ear, improvements were obtained through treatments, based on tubal insufilations, with air passages and, in the specific case of otosclerosis, through surgical operations, such as those of Lempert, of Rosen, etc.

On the contrary, in the case of diseases affecting the sensorial receptors and auditory nerve, no practical result has so far been obtained by other clinical procedures, nor has anyone thought of possible cures based on physical treatments. By a number of tests I have ascertained that pulsating currrents consisting in pulse type, syecial shape radio waves have a high therapeutic activity on the sensorial receptors and nerve terminals, wherefore, by applying such currents daily for a short time, the auditory sensitivity of the patient is improved and very often even a complete recovery reached.

The apparatus according to this invention permits obtaining said particular type of current.

The accompanying drawing represents merely by way of example, an embodiment of my invention.

In the drawing:

FIG. 1 shows a block diagram of the apparatus according to my invention;

FIG. 2 shows, on a larger scale, the detail of the radiofrequency oscillator forming the main part of the apparatus;

FIG. 3 shows the form of the radio waves at the output end of the apparatus;

FIG. 4 diagrammatically shows the circuit of the apparatus when associated with a device for generating low frequency waves; and

FIG. 5 is an enlarged fragmentary cross-sectional view of one of the electrodes in place in the ear.

Referring now to FIG. 1, the apparatus comprises an audio-frequency oscillator AF OSC., which could also consist in a common microphone MIC., capable of supplying in an equivalent manner an audio frequency modulation, the two-position switch I permitting connecting to.the modulation amplifier AMP. to either said microphone MIC. or the oscillator AF OSC., the latter not being further illustrated since it is of a conventional type. The amplifier AMP. is a known type power amplifier as- 3,384,090 Patented May 21, 1968 sociated with an impedance transformer T provided for the control of the impedance (FIG. 2).

Between the modulation amplifier A P, and an oscillator RF OSC. is arranged a variable resistor Rv, which permits modifying the output of the apparatus according to the sensory characteristics of the patient.

The device RF OSC. consists of a radio frequency oscillator comprising a radio frequency thermionic oscillator TO, whose anode is fed by an audio-frequency alternating current derived from the secondary winding of the transformer T, while into the feeding circuit a radio frequency or blocking impedance Im is inserted.

Another blocking impedance 11m and a resistor Rg are inserted into the grid circuit. At C and C are indicated two feedback coupling capacitors, at CV a variable balancing capacitor, and at L and L the coils of a second radio frequency transformer. Across the circuit connected to the secondary coil L2 is inserted a variable or tuning condenser CV2 and a cathode ray oscilloscope CRO Therefore, as the anode of the apparatus RE OSC. is fed with audio frequency alternating current, at the output electrodes E a pulse type wave is formed having the forrr indicated in FIG. 3. In this wave the positive half Wave: are equal and symmetric with respect to the negative hall waves and each wave is spaced apart from the successive wave by a value not surpassing the maximum breath 01 the wave, as measured along the horizontal, while the amplitude in the vertical direction is such as to yield at output power of say the order of 50 watts.

It is obvious that any other equivalent electronic de vice capable of producing waves of the aforesaid char acteristics may identically be used for the said purpose The present apparatus operates as follows: when switcl L is placed in the position indicated in FIG. 1, the ap paratus AF OSC. drives the amplifier AMP. which. in tun feeds the apparatus RF OSC. which produces at the elec trodes E pulsating waves of the above mentioned charac teristics.

These electrodes E are applied correspondingly to th external auditory canal, as shown in FIG. 5, or to sucl parts of the head that the electric field generated encom passes the cochlea. The wave form is displayed by tllt oscilloscope CRO which is of the conventional type.

The electrodes E consist in spherical metal heads 0 approximately 814 mm. diameter and may be placed di rectly in contact with the skin surface or may be insulatet therefrom by means of an electrically insulating sheet S In the embodiment shown in FIG. 4, the aforesaid ap paratus is associated with a conventional device adapter to produce low frequency alternating currents. Said sec ond apparatus comprises a low frequency oscillator Ll OSC. connected to an amplifier AMP.

Said second apparatus is controlled manually by th' operator in response to the readings which the operato. obtains visually from a voltmeter V and a milliam mete ma. The switch I1 permits connecting the electrodes I with either apparatus.

By means of this assembly, in addition to the treat ment based on the application of pulsating radio wave and forming the subject matter of the present invention also an auxiliary or collateral treatment may be carrier out using low frequency alternating current. In order t1 perform these auxiliary treatments, the electrodes E wil be applied to appropriate areas of the head, and thu cures of neuroses and neuritides of the auditory nerv can be effected. Since such forms of neuroses and near] tides are very frequent causes of deafness, it is advan tageous to be able to have a centralized assembly avail able, which permits carrying out both treatments.

What I claim is:

1. An apparatus for generating pulsating radio fre quency waves for the improvement of the hearing capability of human patients having afflictions of the middle and internal ear, comprising: an audio frequency oscillator; a power amplifier electrically connected to said oscillator; a transformer, said transformer having a primary coil and a secondary coil, said primary coil electrically connected to said amplifier; a radio frequency oscillator, said radio frequency oscillator including a radio frequency thermionic oscillator and said secondary coil electrically connected to said radio frequency oscillator; a cathode ray oscilloscope electrically connected to the output of said radio frequency oscillator to give a visual indication of the wave form of the output of said radio frequency oscillator; two electrodes electrically connected to said output of said radio frequency oscillator, said electrodes having a spherical configuration and a diameter adapted to fit the external auditory canal of human patients; and, said audio frequency oscillator, said power amplifier, said transformer, and said radio frequency oscillator so correlated as to produce at said electrodes pulsating radio frequency Waves having positive half Waves equal and symmetrical to the corresponding negative half waves and each wave is substantially spaced from the successive wave by a breadth not greater than the breadth of each individual wave.

2. An apparatus for generating pulsating radio frequency waves for the improvement of the hearing capability of human patients having afflictions of the middle and internal ear, comprising: a microphone; a power amplifier electrically connected to said microphone; a transformer, said transformer having a primary coil and a secondary coil, said primary coil electrically connected to said amplifier; a radio frequency oscillator, said radio frequency oscillator including a radio frequency thermionic oscillator and said secondary coil electrically connected to said radio frequency oscillator; a cathode ray oscilloscope electrically connected to the output of said radio frequency oscillator to give a visual indication of the wave form of the output of said radio frequency oscillator; two electrodes electrically connected to said output of said radio frequency oscillator, said electrodes having a spherical configuration and a diameter adapted to fit the external auditory canal of human patients; and, said microphone, said power amplifier, said transformer, and said radio frequency oscillator so correlated as to produce at said electrodes pulsating radio frequency waves having positive half waves equal and symmetrical :o the corresponding negative half waves and each wave is substantially spaced from the successive wave by a Jreadth not greater than the breadth of each individual Wave.

3. An apparatus for generating pulsating radio frequency waves for the improvement of the hearing :apability of human patients having afflictions of the niddle and internal ear, comprising: an audio frequency Jscillator; a power amplifier electrically connected to raid oscillator; a transformer, said transformer having a Jrimary coil and a secondary coil, said primary coil elec- :rically connected to said amplifier; a variable resistor, raid resistor electrically connected to said secondary coil :0 permit the variance of the power output thereof; a radio frequency oscillator, said radio frequency oscillator ,ncluding a radio frequency thermionic oscillator, and aid variable resistor electrically connected to said radio frequency oscillator; a cathode ray oscilloscope eleclrically connected to the output of said radio frequency Jscillator to give a visual indication of the wave form )f the output of said radio frequency oscillator; two elecrodes electrically connected to said output of said radio Frequency oscillator, said electrodes having a spherical :onfiguration and a diameter adapted to fit the external tuditory canal of human patients; said audio frequency )scillator, said power amplifier, said transformer, said 'esistor, and said radio frequency oscillator so correlated is to produce at said electrodes pulsating radio frequency waves having positive half waves equal and symmetrical to the corresponding negative half waves and each Wave is substantially spaced from the successive wave by a breadth not greater than the breadth of each individual wave; and wherein said variable resistor permits an operator of said apparatus to watch said oscilloscope and to adjust the power of said pulsating radio waves at said electrodes to the auditory sensory characteristics of a human patient.

4. An apparatus for generating pulsating radio frequency waves for the improvement of the hearing capability of human patients having aifiictions of the middle and internal ear, comprising: a microphone; a power amplifier electrically connected to said microphone; a transformer, said transformer having a primary coil and a secondary coil, said primary coil electrically connected to said amplifier; a variable resistor, said resistor electrically connected to said secondary coil to permit the variance of the power output thereof; a radio frequency oscillator, said radio frequency oscillator including a radio frequency thermionic oscillator, and said variable resistor electrically connected to said radio frequency oscillator; a cathode ray oscilloscope electrically connected to the output of said radio frequency oscillator to give a visual indication of the wave form of the output of said radio frequency oscillator; two electrodes electrically connected to said output of said radio frequency oscillator, said electrodes having a spherical configuration and a diameter adapted to fit the external auditory canal of human patients; said microphone, said power amplifier, said transformer, said resistor, and Said radio frequency oscillator so correlated as to produce at said electrodes pulsating radio frequency waves having positive half waves equal and symmetrical to the corresponding negative half waves and each wave is substantially spaced from the successive Wave by a breadth not greater than the breadth of each individual wave; and wherein said variable resistor permits an operator of said apparatus to watch said oscilloscope and to adjust the power of said pulsating radio waves at said electrodes to the auditory sensory characteristics of a human patient.

5. The method of the treatment of human patients having afilictions of the middle and internal ear, comprising: providing an electronic circuit capable of producing pulsating radio frequency waves having positive half Waves equal and symmetrical to the corresponding negative half waves and each wave is substantially spaced from the successive wave by a breadth not greater than the breadth of each individual wave; connecting said electronic circuit to two conducting electrodes having dimensions and configurations adapted for direct placement on the external auditory canal of human patients; placing said electrodes in direct contact with each of the two external auditory canals of a human patient, and administering said pulsating waves for a short period at daily intervals, whereby the acoustic sensitivity of said patient is improved.

6. The method for the treatment of human patients having afflictions of the middle and internal ear, comprising: providing an electronic circuit capable of producing pulsating radio frequency waves having positive half Waves equal and symmetrical to the corresponding negative half waves and each wave is substantially spaced from the successive wave by a breadth not greater than the breadth of each individual wave; connecting said electronic circuit to two conducting electrodes having dimensions and configurations adapted for direct placement on the external auditory canal of human patients; providing electrically insulating sheet material; placing said insulating sheet material in direct contact with each of the two external auditory canals of a human patient; placing said electrodes in direct contact with a portion of said insulating sheet material that is in said direct contact with the patient, and administering said pulsating waves for a short period at daily intervals, whereby the acoustic sensitivity of said patient is improved,

7. The method for the treatment of human patients having afflictions of the middle and internal ear, comprising: providing an electronic circuit capable of producing pulsating radio frequency waves having positive half waves equal and symmetrical to the corresponding negative half waves and each wave is substantially spaced from the successive wave by a breadth not greater than the breadth of each individual wave; connecting said electronic circuit to two conducting electrodes having dimensions and configurations adapted for direct placement on the external auditory canal of human patients; providing an oscilloscope connected to give a visual indication of said pulsating waves at said electrodes and a variable power control resistor in said circuit; placing said electrodes in direct contact with each of the two external auditory canals of a human patient; administering said pulsating waves for a short period at daily intervals, and at all times controlling the power of said pulsating waves at said electrodes by said variable resistor to correlate the power of said waves to the auditory sensory characteristics of said patient, whereby the acoustic sensitivity of said patient is improved.

8. The method for the treatment of human patients having afflictions of the middle and internal ear, comprising: providing an electronic circuit capable of producing pulsating radio frequency waves having positive half waves equal and symmetrical to the corresponding negative half waves and each wave is substantially spaced from the successive wave by a breadth not greater than that breadth of each individual wave; connecting sail electronic circuit to two conducting electrodes havin; dimensions and configurations adapted for direct place ment on the external auditory canal of human patients providing an oscilloscope connected to give a visual indi cation of said pulsating waves at said electrodes and 1 variable power control resistor in said circuit; providin, electrically insulating sheet material; placing said insulat ing sheet material in direct contact with each of the tWl external auditory canals of a human patient; placing sail electrodes in direct contact with a portion of said insulat ing sheet material that is in said direct contact with th patient; administering said pulsating waves for a $1101 period at daily intervals, and at all times controlling th power of said pulsating waves at said electrodes by sail variable resistor to correlate the power of said waves in the auditory sensory characteristics of said patient, where by the acoustic sensitivity of said patient is improved.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,004,751 6/1935 Fischer et al. 128-420 1 3,058,470 10/1962 Seeliger et al. 128-30317 1 3,102,234 8/1963 Eisenberg 332-60 1 RICHARD A. GAUDET, Primary Examiner.

W. E. KAMM, Assistant Examiner.

Claims (1)

1. AN APPARATUS FOR GENERATING PULSATING RADIO FREQUENCY WAVES FOR THE IMPROVEMENT OF THE HEARING CAPABILITY OF HUMAN PATIENTS HAVING AFFICTIONS OF THE MIDDLE AND INTERNAL EAR, COMPRISING: AN AUDIO FREQUENCY OSCILLATOR; A POWER AMPLIFIER ELECTRICALLY CONNECTED TO SAID OSCILLATOR; A TRANSFORMER, SAID TRANSFORMER HAVING A PRIMARY COIL AND A SECONDARY COIL, SAID PRIMARY COIL ELECTRICALLY CONNECTED TO SAID AMPLIFIER; A RADIO FREQUENCY OSCILLATOR, SAID RADIO FREQUENCY OSCILLATOR INCLUDING A RADIO FREQUENCY THERMIONIC OSCILLATOR AND SAID SECONDARY COIL ELECTRICALLY CONNECTED TO SAID RADIO FREQUENCY OSCILLATOR; A CATHODE RAY OSCILLOSCOPE ELECTRICALLY CONNECTED TO THE OUTPUT OF SAID RADIO FREQUENCY OSCILLATOR TO GIVE A VISUAL INDICATION OF THE WAVE FORM OF THE OUTPUT OF SAID RADIO FREQUENCY OSCILLATOR; TWO ELECTRODES ELECTRICALLY CONNECTED TO SAID OUTPUT OF SAID RADIO FREQUENCY OSCILLATOR, SAID ELECTRODES HAVING A SPHERICAL CONFIGURATION AND A DIAMETER ADAPTED TO FIT THE EXTERNAL AUDITORY CANAL OF HUMAN PATIENTS; AND, SAID AUDIO FREQUENCY OSCILLATOR, SAID POWER AMPLIFIER, SAID TRANSFORMER, AND SAID RADIO FREQUENCY OSCILLATOR SO CORRELATED AS TO PRODUCE AT SAID ELECTRODES PULSATING RADIO FREQUENCY WAVES HAVING POSITIVE HALF WAVES EQUAL AND SYMMETRICAL TO THE CORRESPONDING NEGATIVE HALF WAVES AND EACH WAVE IS SUBSTANTIALLY SPACED FROM THE SUCCESSIVE WAVE BY A BREADTH NOT GREATER THAN THE BREADTH OF EACH INDIVIDUAL WAVE.
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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO1983000999A1 (en) * 1981-09-18 1983-03-31 Hochmair, Ingeborg, J. Single channel auditory stimulation system
US4535777A (en) * 1981-08-20 1985-08-20 Physio Technology, Inc. Method of providing electrical stimulation of tissue
WO1996000051A1 (en) * 1994-06-23 1996-01-04 Hearing Innovations Incorporated Tinnitus masking using ultrasonic signals
US6277148B1 (en) 1999-02-11 2001-08-21 Soundtec, Inc. Middle ear magnet implant, attachment device and method, and test instrument and method
US6436028B1 (en) 1999-12-28 2002-08-20 Soundtec, Inc. Direct drive movement of body constituent

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2004751A (en) * 1931-03-23 1935-06-11 H G Fischer & Company Low voltage generator
US3058470A (en) * 1956-04-26 1962-10-16 Siemens Reiniger Werke Ag Apparatus for electrical highfrequency surgery
US3102234A (en) * 1960-08-05 1963-08-27 Acf Ind Inc Plate modulated hybrid transmitter with tube potentials derived from transistor stages

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2004751A (en) * 1931-03-23 1935-06-11 H G Fischer & Company Low voltage generator
US3058470A (en) * 1956-04-26 1962-10-16 Siemens Reiniger Werke Ag Apparatus for electrical highfrequency surgery
US3102234A (en) * 1960-08-05 1963-08-27 Acf Ind Inc Plate modulated hybrid transmitter with tube potentials derived from transistor stages

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4535777A (en) * 1981-08-20 1985-08-20 Physio Technology, Inc. Method of providing electrical stimulation of tissue
WO1983000999A1 (en) * 1981-09-18 1983-03-31 Hochmair, Ingeborg, J. Single channel auditory stimulation system
EP0076069A1 (en) * 1981-09-18 1983-04-06 Ingeborg J. Hochmair Single channel auditory stimulation system
US4419995A (en) * 1981-09-18 1983-12-13 Hochmair Ingeborg Single channel auditory stimulation system
WO1996000051A1 (en) * 1994-06-23 1996-01-04 Hearing Innovations Incorporated Tinnitus masking using ultrasonic signals
US6377693B1 (en) * 1994-06-23 2002-04-23 Hearing Innovations Incorporated Tinnitus masking using ultrasonic signals
US6277148B1 (en) 1999-02-11 2001-08-21 Soundtec, Inc. Middle ear magnet implant, attachment device and method, and test instrument and method
US6436028B1 (en) 1999-12-28 2002-08-20 Soundtec, Inc. Direct drive movement of body constituent

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