US3351311A - Support of guard rails - Google Patents

Support of guard rails Download PDF

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Publication number
US3351311A
US3351311A US536228A US53622866A US3351311A US 3351311 A US3351311 A US 3351311A US 536228 A US536228 A US 536228A US 53622866 A US53622866 A US 53622866A US 3351311 A US3351311 A US 3351311A
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Prior art keywords
tube
rod
frame
guard rails
threaded
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Expired - Lifetime
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US536228A
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Samuel T Melfi
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Samuel T Melfi
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR OTHER BUILDING AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G21/00Preparing, conveying, or working-up building materials or building elements in situ; Other devices or measures for constructional work
    • E04G21/32Safety or protective measures for persons during the construction of buildings
    • E04G21/3204Safety or protective measures for persons during the construction of buildings against falling down
    • E04G21/3223Means supported by building floors or flat roofs, e.g. safety railings
    • E04G21/3233Means supported by building floors or flat roofs, e.g. safety railings without permanent provision in the floor or roof
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR OTHER BUILDING AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G21/00Preparing, conveying, or working-up building materials or building elements in situ; Other devices or measures for constructional work
    • E04G21/32Safety or protective measures for persons during the construction of buildings
    • E04G21/3204Safety or protective measures for persons during the construction of buildings against falling down
    • E04G21/3223Means supported by building floors or flat roofs, e.g. safety railings
    • E04G21/3233Means supported by building floors or flat roofs, e.g. safety railings without permanent provision in the floor or roof
    • E04G21/3242Means supported by building floors or flat roofs, e.g. safety railings without permanent provision in the floor or roof using clamps

Description

NOV. 7, 1967 5, MELF| I 3,351,311

SUPPORT OF GUARD RAILS Filed Jan. 25, 1966 FIGL.

3,351,311 SUPPORT OF GUARD RAILS Samuel T. Melfi, 1601 NW. 1st Court, Boca Raton, Fla. 33432 Filed Jan. 25, 1966, Ser. No. 536,228 2 Claims. (Cl. 248-226) ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE A clamp for the support of temporary guard rails of the kind used on balconies, shaft openings, porches or the like and primarily during construction work on a building, the clamp having an upright post to which the guard rails are attached. The post is tubular and is provided at its lower end with a rigidly-attached C-clamp. The C-clamp has a clamping screw which is threadable axially into the post and has a non-round or square upper end located inside of the post and well below the upper end of the post. The adjustment of the clamping screw thus requires a long tool or socket wrench which must be inserted down into the post to engage with the square end of the clamping screw. Thereby, the adjustment of the clamping screw and hence the unauthorized removal of the clamp cannot be readily effected when a suitable tool to extend down into the post to engage the clamping screw is not available.

The present invention has reference to clamps of a type employed for the support of guard rails or similar protective enclosures and particularly to a type used on balconies, porches, etc. to protect workers during the erection of or Work upon a building. It is desirable in building structures to provide temporary protective rails on porches, high balconies, steps and other places during the progress of work on a building, and it is an object of the present invention to provide a clamp which can be easily and conveniently attached along an edge of the porch, balcony or other building structure or element and by which guard rails will be supported and positioned in a way to prevent workers from falling off the structure.

It is an object of the invention to provide a device of this kind which will provide one or more guard rails at convenient heights; which can be quickly and easily installed; which can be tightened or loosened by an operator while he is in a standing position; which requires only one tool such as a ratchet wrench for its installation; which can employ standard metal guard rails instead of lumber and thus will require no nailing or splitting of lumber.

It is another object of the invention to provide a device of this character which can be easily dismantled for packing or storage and which has no laterally projecting elements likely to catch the clothing of the workers in the area of the guard rails.

It is a further object of the invention to provide a light weight device of this character, which provides greater strength and safety for the workers, and which can be quickly and easily removed, thus saving time and money for the contractor.

With these and other objects to be hereinafter set forth in view, I have devised the arrangement of parts to be described and more particularly pointed out in the claims appended hereto.

In the accompanying drawing, wherein an illustrative embodiment of the invention is disclosed,

FIG. 1 is a side elevational view of a clamp for guard rails as constructed in accordance with the invention;

FIG. 2 is a view takenat right angles to that of FIG. 1 and as viewed from the left of FIG. 1;

FIG. 3 is a view, partly in section, of a portion of the clamp, showing details of the threaded clamping rod;

FIG. 4 is a sectional view of the upper end of the tube with the closure cap fitted thereon; and

FIG. 5 shows the tool for the adjustment of the threaded clamping rod.

Referring to the drawing, 1 generally indicates the frame of the clamp. The same is preferably composed of angle bars welded together to form a substantially C- shaped member. Said frame includes an upper horizontal leg 2 and a lower horizontal leg 3, said legs being rigidly connected together by means of the vertical bar 4.

Welded to the vertical and horizontal flanges of the upper leg 2 is one end of a lengthy metal tube or sleeve 5 constituting a vertical hollow post extending upright from the top of the frame 1. Said tube 5 extends upwardly from the leg 2 for a substantial distance and to a height necessary for the support of one or more guard rails, two of which are respectively indicated at 6 and 7.

At 8 is shown a continuously threaded rod which is axially adjustable through an aperture 9 provided in one of the flanges of the upper leg 2 of the frame 1. Said rod 8 is threadably adjustable through a nut 10 which is welded or otherwise fixedly mounted in the lower end of the tube 5 as clearly seen in FIG. 3. The upper portion of the rod 8 extends upwardly within the tube 5 and at its upper end the rod is formed or otherwise provided with a non-round or square extremity 11. This enables a lengthy adjusting tool, such as shown at 12 in FIG. 5 to be inserted down through the open upper end of the tube 5 to engage the non-round end 11 of the rod 8 to turn the rod and thereby adjust it axially and threadably through the nut 10. A ratchet wrench 23 (FIG. 5) may be fitted on the upper end 24 of the tool 12 to enable the tool to be easily rotated to turn the rod 8.

At 13 is shown a clamping plate, formed with a recess or depression 14 in its upper face and which recess can receive the rounded lower end 15 of the rod 8, the pressure of which clamps the plate firmly down upon the flooring or other surface 16 of the building structure. Thus by the adjustment of the rod 8 through the nut 10, the plate 13 will be clamped down upon the upper face of the concrete flooring of a balcony, porch, steps or other structure which it is desired to protect by one or more guard rails. The flooring or other element 16 is clamped between the plate 13 and the lower leg 3 of the frame 1, and the plate 13 can be a separate element or it can be carried on and by the rod 8.

The upper end of the tube 5 may be closed by a suitable closure cap 17 which is internally threaded as shown at 18 for the threadable reception upon the external threads provided on the upper end area of the tube 5. Extending upwardly from the closed top of the cap 17 is a threaded stud 19 having a square or hexagonal base 20 on the top of the cap. A guard rail 7, perforated to be received by the stud 19, rests on the base 20 and is clamped down on the cap by means of a wing nut 21 threadably received on the stud. A second guard rail, shown at 6, may be attached to the tube or post 5 by bolts or welded on stud tightened with a wing nut or other suitable means as shown at 22.

The described device is such that it can be easily fitted in place at the edge of a porch, balcony, steps or other structure with a minimum of effort on the part of the installer. The guard rails are readily fitted on it and maximum protection is thereby provided for workmen or others on the balcony or porch. It will be understood that the clamps are placed at predetermined distances apart as desired to thereby receive and support guard rails of any required lengths and with advantages readily apparent to those skilled in this art.

Having thus described an embodiment of the invention, it is obvious that the same is not to be restricted thereto, but is broad enough to cover all structures coming within the scope of the annexed claims.

What I claim is:

1. A clamp for guard rails comprising, a frame in substantially C-shape, said frame including spaced horizontal legs connected by a vertical leg, the uppermost of the horizontal legs carrying an attached upwardly-directed tube having an internally-threaded portion, the tube being stationarily attached to the frame and being thus non-rotative in respect thereto, a threaded rod ad justably extending through the uppermost leg and projecting upwardly within the tube and threadably engaging the internally-threaded portion of the tube, said rod being rotatively adjustable relatively to the tube, a clamping plate engaged by one end of the rod at a point between the horizontal legs of the frame, said plate clamping a building element between it and the lowermosthorizontal leg of the frame, the rod having a non-round end located within the tube and located Well below the upper end of the tube for engagement by a tool required to be extended down into the tube and engaged with said non-round end and turned to ,threadably adjust the rod axially in respect to the, tube, the non-round end of the rod being accessible for the rotative adjustment of the rod only by a tool inserted down into the tube from the upper end of the same.

frame, a threaded rod entering the tube and threadable.

axially through the same, said rod terminating within the tube below the upper end of the same, a plate clamped by one end of the rod against a building element, the tube having means for supporting guard rails, said tube being open at one end whereby means may be inserted down into the tube to engage the rod at its upper end to adjustably rotate it independently of and relatively to the tube while the tube remains stationary, to regulate the clamping pressure of the rod upon the plate, the rod having a non-round upper end located within the tube and exposed therein for engagement by said adjusting means inserted down into the tube and engaged with said non- UNITED STATES PATENTS 467,328 1/1892 Eichenberg 248226.1 1,495,189 5/1924 Mack. 2,195,366 3/1940 Haigh 248--226 x 2,386,494 10/1945 Nagle 52-422 X 2,687,865 8/1954 Young 248-226.1 x 3,190,648 6/1965 Kallenbach 248-230 x 3,260,510 7/1966 Ranson 248188.4 x

FOREIGN PATENTS 935,252 8/1963 Great Britain.

ROY D. FRAZIER, Primary Examiner.

R. P. SEITTER, Assistant Examiner,

Claims (1)

1. A CLAMP FOR GUARD RAILS COMPRISING, A FRAME IN SUBSTANTIALLY C-SHAPE, SAID FRAME INCLUDING SPACED HORIZONTAL LEGS CONNECTED BY A VERTICAL LEG, THE UPPERMOST OF THE HORIZONTAL LEGS CARRYING AN ATTACHED UPWARDLY-DIRECTED TUBE HAVING AN INTERNALLY-THREADED PORTION, THE TUBE BEING STATIONARILY ATTACHED TO THE FRAME AND BEING THUS NON-ROTATIVE IN RESPECT THERETO, A THREADED ROD ADJUSTABLY EXTENDING THROUGH THE UPPERMOST LEG AND PROJECTING UPWARDLY WITHIN THE TUBE AND THREADABLY ENGAGING THE INTERNALLY-THREADED PORTION OF THE TUBE, SAID ROD BEING ROTATIVELY ADJUSTABLE RELATIVELY TO THE TUBE, A CLAMPING PLATE ENGAGED BY ONE END OF THE ROD AT A POINT BETWEEN THE HORIZONTAL LEGS OF THE FRAME, SAID PLATE CLAMPING A BUILDING ELEMENT BETWEEN IT AND THE LOWERMOST HORIZONTAL LEG OF THE FRAME, THE ROD HAVING A NON-ROUND END LOCATED WITHIN THE TUBE AND LOCATED WELL BELOW THE UPPER END OF THE TUBE FOR ENGAGEMENT BY A TOOL REQUIRED TO BE EXTENDED DOWN INTO THE TUBE AND ENGAGED WITH SAID NON-ROUND END AND TURNED TO THREADABLY ADJUST THE ROD AXIALLY IN RESPECT TO THE TUBE, THE NON-ROUND ANF OF THE ROD BEING ACCESSIBLE FOR THE ROTATIVE ADJUSTMENT OF THE ROD ONLY BY A TOOL INSERTED DOWN INTO THE TUBE FROM THE UPPER END OF THE SAME.
US536228A 1966-01-25 1966-01-25 Support of guard rails Expired - Lifetime US3351311A (en)

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Cited By (20)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3439898A (en) * 1968-01-29 1969-04-22 Gen Safety Inc Safety barrier and barrier fence
US3480242A (en) * 1968-01-17 1969-11-25 Gen Safety Inc Removable stanchion
US3480257A (en) * 1968-01-05 1969-11-25 Jesse T Bourn Guard rail stanchion
US3531091A (en) * 1969-03-06 1970-09-29 Safety Dev Inc Safety barrier
US3584839A (en) * 1968-11-25 1971-06-15 Edward Earl Dickey Construction safety fence post
US3632089A (en) * 1970-01-02 1972-01-04 Malcolm K Smith Safety barrier post
US3841609A (en) * 1972-03-17 1974-10-15 M Smith Perimeter guard rail system
US3938619A (en) * 1971-11-12 1976-02-17 Nisso-Sangyo Co. Ltd. Stanchion
US3952453A (en) * 1974-05-31 1976-04-27 Ossie Amburgey Safety barrier
DE2910696A1 (en) * 1979-03-19 1980-10-02 Ischebeck Doepp & Co Threaded support spindle for guard rail - comprises thread of bottom clamp jaw support, engaging nut and plug holes (NL 23.9.80)
US5683074A (en) * 1995-04-14 1997-11-04 Purvis; Harrison G. Temporary guardrail system
US5842685A (en) * 1995-04-14 1998-12-01 Harrison G. Purvis Temporary guard rail system
US5860250A (en) * 1996-09-30 1999-01-19 Hill; Kathy E. Gate device
US6679482B2 (en) 2001-09-05 2004-01-20 Al Plank & Scaffold Mfg., Inc. Construction perimeter guard
US20050205855A1 (en) * 2004-03-22 2005-09-22 Min-Ju Chung Baluster
USRE39842E1 (en) 1995-04-14 2007-09-18 Purvis Harrison G Temporary guard rail system
US20080127556A1 (en) * 2006-08-25 2008-06-05 Trujillo James P Sliding door gate
US20090249591A1 (en) * 2006-02-27 2009-10-08 Jonathan Jonny Melic Scaffolding tube clamps
DE102010006560A1 (en) * 2010-02-02 2011-08-04 Peri GmbH, 89264 Carrying device and formwork system
WO2018158308A3 (en) * 2017-02-28 2018-11-01 Hyprotec Gmbh Modular retaining system for securing assemblies

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US467328A (en) * 1892-01-19 Egg-beater
US1495189A (en) * 1921-11-05 1924-05-27 Mack Charles Luggage carrier
US2195366A (en) * 1938-04-21 1940-03-26 William H Haigh Portable tool tray
US2386494A (en) * 1941-12-05 1945-10-09 Paul R Nagle Derrick structure
US2687865A (en) * 1951-06-26 1954-08-31 George F Young Paint can and brush holder
GB935252A (en) * 1960-03-30 1963-08-28 Peter John Shinkfield Improvements in or relating to bracket fittings
US3190648A (en) * 1962-05-21 1965-06-22 Kallenbach Thomas Torque lock exercise apparatus
US3260510A (en) * 1965-01-04 1966-07-12 Charles W Ranson Fruit and vegetable washing device with vertical circulative flow and base support for submerged faucet connection

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US467328A (en) * 1892-01-19 Egg-beater
US1495189A (en) * 1921-11-05 1924-05-27 Mack Charles Luggage carrier
US2195366A (en) * 1938-04-21 1940-03-26 William H Haigh Portable tool tray
US2386494A (en) * 1941-12-05 1945-10-09 Paul R Nagle Derrick structure
US2687865A (en) * 1951-06-26 1954-08-31 George F Young Paint can and brush holder
GB935252A (en) * 1960-03-30 1963-08-28 Peter John Shinkfield Improvements in or relating to bracket fittings
US3190648A (en) * 1962-05-21 1965-06-22 Kallenbach Thomas Torque lock exercise apparatus
US3260510A (en) * 1965-01-04 1966-07-12 Charles W Ranson Fruit and vegetable washing device with vertical circulative flow and base support for submerged faucet connection

Cited By (20)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3480257A (en) * 1968-01-05 1969-11-25 Jesse T Bourn Guard rail stanchion
US3480242A (en) * 1968-01-17 1969-11-25 Gen Safety Inc Removable stanchion
US3439898A (en) * 1968-01-29 1969-04-22 Gen Safety Inc Safety barrier and barrier fence
US3584839A (en) * 1968-11-25 1971-06-15 Edward Earl Dickey Construction safety fence post
US3531091A (en) * 1969-03-06 1970-09-29 Safety Dev Inc Safety barrier
US3632089A (en) * 1970-01-02 1972-01-04 Malcolm K Smith Safety barrier post
US3938619A (en) * 1971-11-12 1976-02-17 Nisso-Sangyo Co. Ltd. Stanchion
US3841609A (en) * 1972-03-17 1974-10-15 M Smith Perimeter guard rail system
US3952453A (en) * 1974-05-31 1976-04-27 Ossie Amburgey Safety barrier
DE2910696A1 (en) * 1979-03-19 1980-10-02 Ischebeck Doepp & Co Threaded support spindle for guard rail - comprises thread of bottom clamp jaw support, engaging nut and plug holes (NL 23.9.80)
USRE39842E1 (en) 1995-04-14 2007-09-18 Purvis Harrison G Temporary guard rail system
US5842685A (en) * 1995-04-14 1998-12-01 Harrison G. Purvis Temporary guard rail system
US5683074A (en) * 1995-04-14 1997-11-04 Purvis; Harrison G. Temporary guardrail system
US5860250A (en) * 1996-09-30 1999-01-19 Hill; Kathy E. Gate device
US6679482B2 (en) 2001-09-05 2004-01-20 Al Plank & Scaffold Mfg., Inc. Construction perimeter guard
US20050205855A1 (en) * 2004-03-22 2005-09-22 Min-Ju Chung Baluster
US20090249591A1 (en) * 2006-02-27 2009-10-08 Jonathan Jonny Melic Scaffolding tube clamps
US20080127556A1 (en) * 2006-08-25 2008-06-05 Trujillo James P Sliding door gate
DE102010006560A1 (en) * 2010-02-02 2011-08-04 Peri GmbH, 89264 Carrying device and formwork system
WO2018158308A3 (en) * 2017-02-28 2018-11-01 Hyprotec Gmbh Modular retaining system for securing assemblies

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