US3322118A - Protective sleeve for elbow or heel - Google Patents

Protective sleeve for elbow or heel Download PDF

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Publication number
US3322118A
US3322118A US38207364A US3322118A US 3322118 A US3322118 A US 3322118A US 38207364 A US38207364 A US 38207364A US 3322118 A US3322118 A US 3322118A
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Prior art keywords
heel
sleeve
elbow
knit
pad
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Expired - Lifetime
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Sotherlin Lois
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Sotherlin Lois
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F13/00Bandages or dressings; Absorbent pads
    • A61F13/06Bandages or dressings; Absorbent pads specially adapted for feet or legs; Corn-pads; Corn-rings
    • A61F13/064Bandages or dressings; Absorbent pads specially adapted for feet or legs; Corn-pads; Corn-rings for feet
    • A61F13/069Decubitus ulcer bandages
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F13/00Bandages or dressings; Absorbent pads
    • A61F13/10Bandages or dressings; Absorbent pads specially adapted for fingers, hands, or arms; Finger-stalls; Nail-protectors
    • A61F13/101Bandages or dressings; Absorbent pads specially adapted for fingers, hands, or arms; Finger-stalls; Nail-protectors for the elbow, e.g. decubitus ulcer bandages

Description

May 30, 1967 1 SOTHERLIN 3,322,118

PROTECTIVE SLEEV FOR ELBOW OR HEEL Filed July 13, 1964 INVENTOR. LOIS SQTHERL//v United States Patent O 3,322,118 PROTECTIVE SLEEVE FOR ELBOW OR HEEL Lois Sotherlin, 607 W. th St., San Bernardino, Calif. 92410 Filed July 13, 1964, Ser. No. 382,073 1 Claim. (Cl. 12S-149) The present invention relates to a new and useful protective sleeve that is adapted to be worn on the elbow or foot of a bed patient to protect and cushion the skin on the corner of the elbow or at the back of the heel, so that it will not become tender and painfully sensitive from constant pressure and frictional contact with the bedding.

Patients who are confined to bed for extended periods of time during illness or convalescence frequently develop bed sores on the elbows and heels owing to pressure of the elbows and heels against the bottom sheet on the bed, and to frictional rubbing of the sheet against these parts each time the body is moved. A similar condition -occurs frequently in wheel-chair patients, who must sit for long periods of time with elbows resting on the arm rests. In either case, the condition sometimes becomes extremely painful, and is a source of much discomfort and distress to the patient.

Heretofore, it has sometimes been necessary to bandage the elbows of bedridden patients to protect them from the bedding, but this is not a satisfactory solution to the problem, as a bandage that is thick enough to cushion the elbow properly is too bulky for comfort, and tends to restrict movement of the arm. Also, a bandage that is wrapped too snugly around the arm may constrict circulation somewhat, causing discomfort. Moreover, it is time-consuming and troublesome to remove or replace bandages.

The primary object of the invention is to provide a protective sleeve for cushioning and protecting the elbow or heel, which can be pulled onto the arm or foot as quickly and as easily as a mitten or a sock might be pulled on.

Another object of the invention is to provide a protective sleeve that affords a maximum of cushion directly over the point of the elbow or at the back of the heel, where it is needed, and a minimum of bulk elsewhere, so that there is no objectionable restraint of movement, or uncomfortable constriction.

A further object of the invention is to provide a protective cushioning sleeve for the elbow or heel, that is highly absorbent so that it will absorb perspiration, and readily washable so that it can be kept sanitary at all times.

These and other objects and advantages of the present invention will become apparent to those skilled in the art upon consideration of the following detailed description of the preferred embodiment thereof, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, wherein:

FIGURE 1 is a perspective view of a protective sleeve embodying the principles of the invention, showing how it is worn on the elbow;

FIGURE 2 is a cross-sectional view of the same, taken at 2-2 in FIGURE 1;

FIGURE 3 is a somewhat enlarged, fragmentary sectional view taken at 3 3 in FIGURE 2;

FIGURE 4 is a fragmentary sectional view, taken at 4-4 in FIGURE 1; and

FIGURE 5 is a perspective view, showing how the sleeve of the invention is worn on the foot to protect the heel.

In the drawings, the protective sleeve of the invention is seen to comprise a tubular knit sleeve of cotton or other absorbent fiber, which may be at knit (or stockinet knit) for the greater portion of its length, with elastic Fice ribbed cuffs 11 and 12 at the ends thereof. Preferably, the knit tube 10 is turned in on itself from one end to form a double thickness sleeve, having an outer layer 13 and an inner layer 14. At the other end of the tube, the ends of the outer and inner layers 13 and 14 are folded inwardly on themselves and stitched together vat 15, as best shown in FIGURE 4.

On one side of the tube 10 about midway between its ends, the uniform stockinet knit is interrupted by a wedgeshaped insert portion 16, which is shaped to form an out! wardly protruding bulge, similar to the heel on a sock. Enclosed between the outer layer 13 and inner layer 14, in the area of the insert portion 16, is a round, slightly cupped, foam rubber pad 18, the edges of which are tapered down to a feather edge. The pad 18 is preferably adhered to the outer layer 13 of the tube by a spot of cement 20 applied to the convex outer surface of the pad at the center thereof. In this way, the pad is held in place, and is prevented from slipping with respect to the knit tubing.

The outwardly bulged insert portion 16 and the slightly cupped foam rubber pad 18, with its tapered edges, give a contoured sleeve that smoothly fits the normally slightlybent elbow, and accommodates itself to any movement of the arm. While the dimensions of the invention are not critical, and might vary with the size of the patient, I have found that for the average adult, a sleeve that is about 7 inches long and about 41/2 `inches wide when lying at and relaxed, is about right. The contoured foam rubber pad 18 should be about 31/2 to 4 inches in diameter and about 1A to 1/2 inch thick at its center.

If desired, the knit tubing 10 might be made in a single thickness of material except for a partial lining covering the inner surface of the foam rubber pad 18. Either the full lining shown in the drawing (i.e., inner layer 14) or the partial lining mentioned above could be knit to provide a reinforced heel area directly over the point of the elbow, similar to the insert portion 16, if desired for longer wear.

If it is desired to use the invention to protect and cushion the heel, the knit sleeve 10 is pulled onto the foot as shown in FIGURE 5, with the insert portion 16 and cushion pad 18 at the back of the heel. When worn in this manner, the sleeve of the invention provides fully cushioned protection for the heel.

While I have shown and described in considerable detail what I believe to be the preferred form of my invention, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that various changes may be made without departing from the principles of the invention as set forth in the following claim.

I claim:

A protectiver sleeve for use by a patient confined to wheel chair or bed, for the purpose of cushioning the elbow or heel, comprising:

a tubular knit sleeve of a size to it snugly over the arm or foot of the patient, said sleeve being stretchable in either direction and being knit of a moistureabsorbent yarn;

said sleeve being formed with a double thickness and having an inner layer and an outer layer;

the ends of said sleeve being formed with rib-knit cuffs for maximum stretchability and snug iit;

at least the outer layer of said sleeve being knit to provide an outwardly bulged generally spherically curved portion on one side thereof corresponding to the heel of a sock, said outwardly bulged portion being formed approximately midway between the ends of said sleeve;

a generally round, slightly cupped pad of foam rubber disposed within said sleeve between said inner and 3 4 outer layers thereof, and positioned with the convex References Cited side of the pad facing outwardly and contacting the UNITED STATES PATENTS inner surface of said outwardly bulged portion of said sleeve, said convex side having substantially 2449410 9/1948 Pohnsky 2"204X 3,189,919 6/1965 Chase 2-24 X the same spherical curvature as said outwardly 5 bulged portion; the concave side of said pad being inwardly faced to FOREIGN PATENTS receive the point of the patients elbowor heel, and 534,930 12/ 1956 Canada.

the edges of saidtpad tapering to feather edges; and 6,552 1896 Great Britain. cement means securing said pad to said outer layer 10 Y only of said sleeve, whereby said pad is prevented JORDAN FRANKLIN, Primary Examinerfrom a slipping or shifting out of place and said inner layer of said sleeve may move relative to said pad. A' R- GUEST Assistant Examine

US3322118A 1964-07-13 1964-07-13 Protective sleeve for elbow or heel Expired - Lifetime US3322118A (en)

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Cited By (45)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3648291A (en) * 1970-07-06 1972-03-14 William A Braddock Protective garment for bedridden people
US3937218A (en) * 1974-07-29 1976-02-10 Medical Specialties, Inc. Decubitus pad
US3990440A (en) * 1974-07-29 1976-11-09 Medical Specialties, Inc. Body protecting method
US4099269A (en) * 1976-02-04 1978-07-11 Miroslav Joseph Porner Protective device
US4150442A (en) * 1978-06-12 1979-04-24 Alba-Waldensian, Incorporated Elbow or heel protector
FR2418630A1 (en) * 1978-03-03 1979-09-28 Hanrahan James Protective garment with moulded-on cushions - has hydrokinetic characteristics, and is applicable both clinically and as sports wear
US4292263A (en) * 1977-03-04 1981-09-29 Zimmer Usa, Inc. Method of producing a foamed polyurethane body-protecting pad
US4315504A (en) * 1981-01-26 1982-02-16 Dm Systems, Inc. Elbow suspension device
US4484360A (en) * 1983-10-13 1984-11-27 Spectrum Sports, Inc. Shin guard and method of making
US4484361A (en) * 1983-10-13 1984-11-27 Spectrum Sports, Inc. Knee and elbow pad and method of making
US4504054A (en) * 1981-09-16 1985-03-12 Jackson Emanuel L Elbow brace for bowlers and golfers
WO1986004811A1 (en) * 1985-02-14 1986-08-28 Weihermüller & Voigtmann Gmbh & Co Kg Epicondylic bandage
US4922929A (en) * 1989-08-31 1990-05-08 Dejournett Richard L Padded elbow brace
WO1992005756A1 (en) * 1990-10-09 1992-04-16 Smith & Nephew Plc Wound dressing
US5419161A (en) * 1991-02-05 1995-05-30 Beiersdorf Ag Articular bandage having waxy structure inserts
US5640714A (en) * 1994-10-07 1997-06-24 Wacoal Corp. Lower leg protection garment formed from materials having strong and weak straining forces
US5642525A (en) * 1995-12-08 1997-07-01 Ketola; Linda J. Elbow protective garment
US6192519B1 (en) 1999-03-19 2001-02-27 Kathleen L. Coalter Athletic sports pad
US6279160B1 (en) * 1999-03-15 2001-08-28 Asics Corp Knee and elbow protector
US6360748B1 (en) * 1998-11-18 2002-03-26 Handle With Care, Inc. Apparatus and method for safely maintaining an extended restraining hold on a person
US6507955B1 (en) 2001-08-09 2003-01-21 Mcdavid Knee Guard, Inc. Athletic protective pad
US6517507B1 (en) * 1999-02-08 2003-02-11 Caron Faherty Wrist guard for alleviating repetitive strain disorder by computer operators
US6574799B2 (en) * 2001-08-23 2003-06-10 Archie R. Donaldson Anti-osteoarthritis and anti-hypothermia garment
US6665876B1 (en) * 2001-11-01 2003-12-23 James O. Newman Combination protective sleeve and head wear
US20050015840A1 (en) * 2003-07-25 2005-01-27 Biggerstaff James M. Forearm sun protection garment
US6996848B2 (en) 2001-08-23 2006-02-14 Donaldson Archie R Anti-osteoarthritis and anti-hypothermia garment and device
US20060058722A1 (en) * 2004-09-10 2006-03-16 Brown Medical Industries Device for heel shock absorption, swelling, and pain treatment
US20060130217A1 (en) * 2003-02-05 2006-06-22 Lambertz Bodo W Sock
US20060253962A1 (en) * 2005-05-11 2006-11-16 Wei Hua Leg length discrepancy corrective sock
US20070074328A1 (en) * 2005-09-30 2007-04-05 Nike, Inc. Article of apparel with zonal stretch resistance
US20070142794A1 (en) * 2005-12-15 2007-06-21 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Male hygienic article and dispenser therefor
US20070277282A1 (en) * 2006-05-17 2007-12-06 Art Sheppell Support for prevention of decubitus ulcers
US20100016813A1 (en) * 2008-07-18 2010-01-21 Brown Medical Industries Product for treating heel fissures
US20100031706A1 (en) * 2007-02-22 2010-02-11 Olympia Textile device for body protection
US20100319096A1 (en) * 2009-06-22 2010-12-23 Scott Michael A Methods and devices for reducing elbow pain and arm fatigue for poker players when playing poker
US7975634B1 (en) * 2007-10-02 2011-07-12 Kirsten Dugan Baby legging with knee pad and patch
DE102010006459A1 (en) * 2010-02-01 2011-08-04 Amoena Medizin-Orthopädie-Technik GmbH, 83064 clothing
US20110224762A1 (en) * 2010-03-09 2011-09-15 Gruber Thomas L Therapeutic System for Securing a Hot or Cold Source to a Body
US20130145521A1 (en) * 2010-05-26 2013-06-13 Ellen Frieder Spicuzza Method and device for protecting the human body from foot strike shock
US20160143371A1 (en) * 2010-09-17 2016-05-26 Doc & Doc Ltd. Wearable article for support of a baby
US20160366950A1 (en) * 2015-06-19 2016-12-22 Richard Thompson Athletic garment assembly
USD799787S1 (en) 2015-07-01 2017-10-17 Obstacle Guard LLC Padded leg compression sleeve
USD800420S1 (en) 2015-07-01 2017-10-24 Obstacle Guard LLC Padded arm compression sleeve
USD802154S1 (en) * 2016-02-08 2017-11-07 Brian J. Ceccarelli Knee wrap
USD804680S1 (en) * 2016-04-12 2017-12-05 MMAR Medical Group, Inc. Knee sleeve

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB189606552A (en) * 1896-03-25 1897-03-20 Emily Gore Cuthbert Improvements in Knee Caps for Animals.
US2449410A (en) * 1947-05-10 1948-09-14 Polinsky John Protective device for horses' legs
CA534930A (en) * 1956-12-25 L. Schultz August Knee brace or stabilizer
US3189919A (en) * 1963-12-05 1965-06-22 George Frost Company Cushioned protector

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CA534930A (en) * 1956-12-25 L. Schultz August Knee brace or stabilizer
GB189606552A (en) * 1896-03-25 1897-03-20 Emily Gore Cuthbert Improvements in Knee Caps for Animals.
US2449410A (en) * 1947-05-10 1948-09-14 Polinsky John Protective device for horses' legs
US3189919A (en) * 1963-12-05 1965-06-22 George Frost Company Cushioned protector

Cited By (54)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3648291A (en) * 1970-07-06 1972-03-14 William A Braddock Protective garment for bedridden people
US3937218A (en) * 1974-07-29 1976-02-10 Medical Specialties, Inc. Decubitus pad
US3990440A (en) * 1974-07-29 1976-11-09 Medical Specialties, Inc. Body protecting method
US4099269A (en) * 1976-02-04 1978-07-11 Miroslav Joseph Porner Protective device
US4292263A (en) * 1977-03-04 1981-09-29 Zimmer Usa, Inc. Method of producing a foamed polyurethane body-protecting pad
FR2418630A1 (en) * 1978-03-03 1979-09-28 Hanrahan James Protective garment with moulded-on cushions - has hydrokinetic characteristics, and is applicable both clinically and as sports wear
US4150442A (en) * 1978-06-12 1979-04-24 Alba-Waldensian, Incorporated Elbow or heel protector
US4315504A (en) * 1981-01-26 1982-02-16 Dm Systems, Inc. Elbow suspension device
US4504054A (en) * 1981-09-16 1985-03-12 Jackson Emanuel L Elbow brace for bowlers and golfers
US4484360A (en) * 1983-10-13 1984-11-27 Spectrum Sports, Inc. Shin guard and method of making
US4484361A (en) * 1983-10-13 1984-11-27 Spectrum Sports, Inc. Knee and elbow pad and method of making
WO1986004811A1 (en) * 1985-02-14 1986-08-28 Weihermüller & Voigtmann Gmbh & Co Kg Epicondylic bandage
US4922929A (en) * 1989-08-31 1990-05-08 Dejournett Richard L Padded elbow brace
WO1992005756A1 (en) * 1990-10-09 1992-04-16 Smith & Nephew Plc Wound dressing
GB2263236A (en) * 1990-10-09 1993-07-21 Smith & Nephew Wound dressing
GB2263236B (en) * 1990-10-09 1994-04-20 Smith & Nephew Wound dressing
US5419161A (en) * 1991-02-05 1995-05-30 Beiersdorf Ag Articular bandage having waxy structure inserts
US5640714A (en) * 1994-10-07 1997-06-24 Wacoal Corp. Lower leg protection garment formed from materials having strong and weak straining forces
US5642525A (en) * 1995-12-08 1997-07-01 Ketola; Linda J. Elbow protective garment
US6360748B1 (en) * 1998-11-18 2002-03-26 Handle With Care, Inc. Apparatus and method for safely maintaining an extended restraining hold on a person
US6517507B1 (en) * 1999-02-08 2003-02-11 Caron Faherty Wrist guard for alleviating repetitive strain disorder by computer operators
US6279160B1 (en) * 1999-03-15 2001-08-28 Asics Corp Knee and elbow protector
US6192519B1 (en) 1999-03-19 2001-02-27 Kathleen L. Coalter Athletic sports pad
US6507955B1 (en) 2001-08-09 2003-01-21 Mcdavid Knee Guard, Inc. Athletic protective pad
US6574799B2 (en) * 2001-08-23 2003-06-10 Archie R. Donaldson Anti-osteoarthritis and anti-hypothermia garment
US6996848B2 (en) 2001-08-23 2006-02-14 Donaldson Archie R Anti-osteoarthritis and anti-hypothermia garment and device
US6665876B1 (en) * 2001-11-01 2003-12-23 James O. Newman Combination protective sleeve and head wear
US20060130217A1 (en) * 2003-02-05 2006-06-22 Lambertz Bodo W Sock
US20050015840A1 (en) * 2003-07-25 2005-01-27 Biggerstaff James M. Forearm sun protection garment
US20060058722A1 (en) * 2004-09-10 2006-03-16 Brown Medical Industries Device for heel shock absorption, swelling, and pain treatment
US7056299B2 (en) * 2004-09-10 2006-06-06 Brown Medical Industries Device for heel shock absorption, swelling, and pain treatment
US20060253962A1 (en) * 2005-05-11 2006-11-16 Wei Hua Leg length discrepancy corrective sock
US8601613B2 (en) 2005-09-30 2013-12-10 Nike, Inc. Article of apparel with zonal stretch resistance
US20070074328A1 (en) * 2005-09-30 2007-04-05 Nike, Inc. Article of apparel with zonal stretch resistance
US20100064415A1 (en) * 2005-09-30 2010-03-18 Nike, Inc. Article Of Apparel With Zonal Stretch Resistance
US7636950B2 (en) * 2005-09-30 2009-12-29 Nike, Inc. Article of apparel with zonal stretch resistance
US20070142794A1 (en) * 2005-12-15 2007-06-21 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Male hygienic article and dispenser therefor
US8353886B2 (en) * 2005-12-15 2013-01-15 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Male hygienic article and dispenser therefor
US20070277282A1 (en) * 2006-05-17 2007-12-06 Art Sheppell Support for prevention of decubitus ulcers
US20100031706A1 (en) * 2007-02-22 2010-02-11 Olympia Textile device for body protection
US7975634B1 (en) * 2007-10-02 2011-07-12 Kirsten Dugan Baby legging with knee pad and patch
US20100016813A1 (en) * 2008-07-18 2010-01-21 Brown Medical Industries Product for treating heel fissures
US20100319096A1 (en) * 2009-06-22 2010-12-23 Scott Michael A Methods and devices for reducing elbow pain and arm fatigue for poker players when playing poker
DE102010006459A1 (en) * 2010-02-01 2011-08-04 Amoena Medizin-Orthopädie-Technik GmbH, 83064 clothing
DE102010006459B4 (en) * 2010-02-01 2012-12-06 Amoena Medizin-Orthopädie-Technik GmbH clothing
US20110224762A1 (en) * 2010-03-09 2011-09-15 Gruber Thomas L Therapeutic System for Securing a Hot or Cold Source to a Body
US20130145521A1 (en) * 2010-05-26 2013-06-13 Ellen Frieder Spicuzza Method and device for protecting the human body from foot strike shock
US10021919B2 (en) * 2010-05-26 2018-07-17 Soleimpact, Inc. Method and device for protecting the human body from foot strike shock
US20160143371A1 (en) * 2010-09-17 2016-05-26 Doc & Doc Ltd. Wearable article for support of a baby
US20160366950A1 (en) * 2015-06-19 2016-12-22 Richard Thompson Athletic garment assembly
USD799787S1 (en) 2015-07-01 2017-10-17 Obstacle Guard LLC Padded leg compression sleeve
USD800420S1 (en) 2015-07-01 2017-10-24 Obstacle Guard LLC Padded arm compression sleeve
USD802154S1 (en) * 2016-02-08 2017-11-07 Brian J. Ceccarelli Knee wrap
USD804680S1 (en) * 2016-04-12 2017-12-05 MMAR Medical Group, Inc. Knee sleeve

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