US3310808A - Electromagnetic wave transmissive metal walls utilizing projecting dielectric rods - Google Patents

Electromagnetic wave transmissive metal walls utilizing projecting dielectric rods Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US3310808A
US3310808A US334542A US33454263A US3310808A US 3310808 A US3310808 A US 3310808A US 334542 A US334542 A US 334542A US 33454263 A US33454263 A US 33454263A US 3310808 A US3310808 A US 3310808A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
rods
holes
wall
dielectric
electromagnetic waves
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US334542A
Inventor
Harald T Friis
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Hazeltine Research Inc
Original Assignee
Hazeltine Research Inc
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Hazeltine Research Inc filed Critical Hazeltine Research Inc
Priority to US334542A priority Critical patent/US3310808A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US3310808A publication Critical patent/US3310808A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Application status is Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical

Links

Images

Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01QANTENNAS, i.e. RADIO AERIALS
    • H01Q1/00Details of, or arrangements associated with, antennas
    • H01Q1/42Housings not intimately mechanically associated with radiating elements, e.g. radome
    • H01Q1/425Housings not intimately mechanically associated with radiating elements, e.g. radome comprising a metallic grid
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01QANTENNAS, i.e. RADIO AERIALS
    • H01Q13/00Waveguide horns or mouths; Slot antennas; Leaky-waveguide antennas; Equivalent structures causing radiation along the transmission path of a guided wave
    • H01Q13/20Non-resonant leaky-waveguide or transmission-line antennas; Equivalent structures causing radiation along the transmission path of a guided wave
    • H01Q13/24Non-resonant leaky-waveguide or transmission-line antennas; Equivalent structures causing radiation along the transmission path of a guided wave constituted by a dielectric or ferromagnetic rod or pipe

Description

March 21, 1967 .T. FRIIS 3,310,808

ELECTROMAGNETIC E TRANSMISSIVE METAL WALLS UTILIZING PROJEGTIN IELECTRIC RODS Filed Dec. 1963 FIG. 1

G6) Q w 3. LL LI 2 FIG. 5.

United States Patent 3,310,808 ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVE TRANSMISSIVE METAL WALLS UTILIZING PROJECTING DIELECTRIC RODS Harald T. Friis, Rumson, N.J., assignor to Hazeltlne Research, Inc., a corporation of Illinois Filed Dec. 30, 1963, Ser. No. 334,542 2 Claims. (Cl. 343-872) This invention relates to walls for providing protection from extreme environmental stresses, while transmitting electromagnetic waves. More specifically, this invention relates to walls using a metal shell with projecting dielectric rods. Electromagnetic Wave Transmissive Metal Walls Utilizing Dielectric Rods are covered more broadly in a copending application of that title of H. A. Wheeler, filed Dec. 30, 1963, Ser. No. 334,541.

A microwave antenna may require protection from environmental factors such as wind, over-pressure, precipitation and extremes of temperature. This protection can be furnished by an enclosure which must be essentially transparent to the electromagnetic waves radiated by the antenna. One form of typical prior art enclosures are radomes which are made of a wall of dielectric material, such as fibre glass, of either a solid or a layered cross section. However, in application having a very severe environment, especially where very high over-pressures may occur, a stronger and more durable structure is required to protect an antenna.

The object of the invention therefore is to provide new and improved walls capable of providing protection from severe environmental stresses.

In accordance with the invention a wall, for resisting environmental stresses while transmitting electromagnetic waves, comprises a metal shell having an array of holes of circular cross-section and arranged in a regular array with a minimum center-to-center spacing in the range of from one-half to one times the operating wavelength and each of the holes has an identical diameter of approximately two-thirds times the spacing. The wall also includes a plurality of dielectric rods supported in the holes so as to go through the shell and project on both sides, the ends of the rods being shaped to provide a transition between free space and the dielectric-filled waveguides formed by the combination of the holes and the rods for electromagnetic waves; the wall being so constructed and arranged as to provide protection from extreme environmental stresses while transmitting electromagnetic waves substantially without distortion.

For a better understanding of the present invention, together with other and further objects thereof, reference is had to the following description taken in connection with the accompanying drawing, and its scope will be pointed out in the appended claims.

In the drawing:

FIG. 1 shows a general view of a complete radome utilizing a wall constructed in accordance with the invention, and

FIGS. 2 and 3 are views of a section of the wall of the FIG. 1 radome showing greater detail.

Referring to FIGS. 1, 2 and 3, there is shown one form of wall constructed in accordance with the invention, more particularly there is shown a radome for encasing a microwave antenna. FIGS. 2 and 3 are enlarged views of the portion of the wall of the FIG. 1 radome within the dotted rectangle. As shown, the wall includes a metal shell having an array of holes. The shell 10 may be constructed of steel, aluminum or other desired metal. The wall, as shown, also includes a plurality of dielectric rods 12 which are supported in the holes in the metal shell 10. These rods 12 go through the shell 10 3,310,808 Patented Mar. 21, 1967 and project on both sides as shown. The ends of the rods are shaped to provide a transition, between free space and the dielectric-filled waveguides formed by the combination of the holes and rods 12, for electromagnetic waves. It is considered particularly desirable to construct the rods 12 of quartz where great extremes of heat are to be encountered, but any suitable dielectric may be used. It will .be understood that the FIG. 1 radome is completely covered by a regular array of rods 12 supported in holes, even though only a small area of rods is actually shown. Also, the FIG. 3 view should exhibit a small amount of curvature, however, if the radome of FIG. 1 were very large in diameter, the small area of the wall shown in FIGS. 2 and 3 would be essentially flat as illustrated.

In operation, a wave originating from the left and incident on the section of the wall shown in FIG. 3 is captured by the left-hand projections of the rods 12 and then propagated through the dielectric-filled waveguides formed by the holes in the shell 10 and the dielectric rods 12 inserted therein. Finally the wave is re-radiated by the right-hand ends of the rods 12 and the wave then continues to the right. If the rods are spaced closely enough in comparison to a wavelength, the uniformity of the incident wave is essentially maintained in the reradiated wave. If the rod diameter, dielectric constant, and shape of the projecting region of the rods 12 are properly designed there is very little reflection at either side. Therefore, nearly all of the incident wave is transmitted through the wall substantially without distortion. A practical wall will normally be required to operate over a band of frequencies. In this case, the average operating Wavelength can be used as an approximation in design of the wall. Design of walls in accordance with the invention can be carried out using established principles of antenna and waveguide design once the basic concepts of the invention are understood.

Included in FIGS. 2 and 3 are actual dimensions in inches, of a portion of a wall which was actually built and tested, and found to yield nearly complete transmission of an incident wave of normal incidence over a wide band of frequencies centered about nine kilomegacycles. The dimensions shown are merely for purposes of illustration of one particular form of wall in accordance with the invention. In the example of FIGS. 2 and 3, the shell 10 was constructed of steel and the rods 12 were right circular cylinders of quartz (fused silica) with square cut ends as shown. The rods were arranged in a square-type array as shown in FIG. 2.

It should be understood that in walls constructed in accordance with the present invention, each side of the wall is independently designed to pass a desired wave and while inside the shell 10 Waves simply propagate along a dielectric-filled circular waveguide. Since this is true, there is no inherent limitation on the thickness of the metal shell 10 of the wall. Thus, the metal shell 10 could be constructed of steel many inches thick, if desired, and an extremely strong structure would be obtained. Since the dielectric rods 12 are not relied on for strength, the dielectric material can be chosen to withstand other factors of the environment. If quartz (fused silica) is used, the wall would be resistant to extremely high temperatures and other environmental factors.

Ability to withstand extreme stresses is also enhanced in walls constructed in accordance with the invention by the fact that such Walls can utilize holes of size and spacing such that the volume of metal exceeds the volume represented by the holes. By considering a unit section such as enclosed by dotted rectangle 14 in FIG. 2, it will be obvious that the value of metal included exceeds the volume represented by the portions of the holes included.

Walls constructed in accordance with the invention may typically include holes with a minimum center-to-center spacing of from /2 to 1 times the operating wavelength and a hole diameter of approximately /a times said spacing.

Compared with other designs capable of similar performance the invention as described above facilitates economical construction. Dielectric rods 12 can easily be inserted in ordinary circular holes drilled in the metal shell and then cemented or otherwise held in place. Each rod is simple in form and identical with the other, so that mass production of the rods is readily possible. A wide variety of rod spacings, cross sections and end shapes can be utilized in difierent applications.

While there has been described what is at present considered to be the preferred embodiment of this invention, it will be obvious to those skilled in the art that various changes and modifications may be made therein Without departing from the invention and it is, therefore, aimed to cover all such changes and modifications as fall within the true spirit and scope of the invention.

What is claimed is:

1. A wall, for resisting environmental stresses while transmitting electromagnetic waves, comprising:

a metal shell having an array of holes of circular crosssection and arranged in a regular array with a minimum center-to-center spacing in the range of from one-half to one times the operating wavelength and each of said holes has an identical diameter of approximately two-thirds times said spacing;

and a plurality of dielectric rods supported in said holes so as to go through the shell and project on both sides, the ends of said rods being shaped to provide a transition between free space and the dielectric-filled waveguides formed by the combination of said holes and said rods for electromagnetic waves;

the wall being so constructed and arranged as to provide protection from extreme environmental stresses while transmitting electromagnetic waves substantially without distortion.

2. A wall for encasing a microwave antenna comprisa steel shell having a regular square type array of circular holes which are approximately 0.38 times the average operating wavelength in diameter and which have a center-to-center spacing of approximately 0.58 times the average operating wavelength;

and a plurality of cylindrical quartz rods, with square cut ends, bonded into said holes so as to go through the shell and project approximately 0.23 times the average operating wavelength on each side of the shell.

8/1952 Affel.

4/1953 Southworth 343-909 X 0 HERMAN KARL SAALBACH, Primary Examiner.

P. L. GENSLER, Assistant Examiner.

Claims (1)

1. A WALL, FOR RESISTING ENVIRONMENTAL STRESSES WHILE TRANSMITTING ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVES, COMPRISING: A METAL SHELL HAVING AN ARRAY OF HOLES OF CIRCULAR CROSSSECTION AND ARRANGED IN A REGULAR ARRAY WITH A MINIMUM CENTER-TO-CENTER SPACING IN THE RANGE OF FROM ONE-HALF TO ONE TIMES THE OPERATING WAVELENGTH AND EACH OF SAID HOLES HAS AN IDENTICAL DIAMETER OF APPROXIMATELY TWO-THIRDS TIMES SAID SPACING; AND A PLURALITY OF DIELECTRIC RODS SUPPORTED IN SAID HOLES SO AS TO GO THROUGH THE SHELL AND PROJECT ON BOTH SIDES, THE ENDS OF SAID RODS BEING SHAPED TO PROVIDE A TRANSITION BETWEEN FREE SPACE AND THE DIELECTRIC-FILLED WAVEGUIDES FORMED BY THE COMBINATION OF SAID HOLES AND SAID RODS FOR ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVES; THE WALL BEING SO CONSTRUCTED AND ARRANGED AS TO PROVIDE PROTECTION FROM EXTREME ENVIRONMENTAL STRESSES WHILE TRANSMITTING ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVES SUBSTANTIALLY WITHOUT DISTORTION.
US334542A 1963-12-30 1963-12-30 Electromagnetic wave transmissive metal walls utilizing projecting dielectric rods Expired - Lifetime US3310808A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US334542A US3310808A (en) 1963-12-30 1963-12-30 Electromagnetic wave transmissive metal walls utilizing projecting dielectric rods

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US334542A US3310808A (en) 1963-12-30 1963-12-30 Electromagnetic wave transmissive metal walls utilizing projecting dielectric rods

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US3310808A true US3310808A (en) 1967-03-21

Family

ID=23307708

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US334542A Expired - Lifetime US3310808A (en) 1963-12-30 1963-12-30 Electromagnetic wave transmissive metal walls utilizing projecting dielectric rods

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US3310808A (en)

Cited By (95)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3448455A (en) * 1964-03-20 1969-06-03 Thomson Houston Comp Francaise Armoured structure antenna
US3465361A (en) * 1965-01-13 1969-09-02 Rosemount Eng Co Ltd Electromagnetic wave retarding structure
US3605098A (en) * 1969-04-14 1971-09-14 Hazeltine Corp Phased array antenna including impedance matching apparatus
US3633206A (en) * 1967-01-30 1972-01-04 Edward Bellamy Mcmillan Lattice aperture antenna
US4570166A (en) * 1983-08-29 1986-02-11 General Electric Company RF-Transparent shield structures
US20090067028A1 (en) * 2005-12-20 2009-03-12 Riken Optical near-field distribution transfer device
US9674711B2 (en) 2013-11-06 2017-06-06 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Surface-wave communications and methods thereof
US9685992B2 (en) 2014-10-03 2017-06-20 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Circuit panel network and methods thereof
US9705561B2 (en) 2015-04-24 2017-07-11 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Directional coupling device and methods for use therewith
US9705610B2 (en) 2014-10-21 2017-07-11 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Transmission device with impairment compensation and methods for use therewith
US9729197B2 (en) 2015-10-01 2017-08-08 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Method and apparatus for communicating network management traffic over a network
US9735833B2 (en) 2015-07-31 2017-08-15 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Method and apparatus for communications management in a neighborhood network
US9742462B2 (en) 2014-12-04 2017-08-22 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Transmission medium and communication interfaces and methods for use therewith
US9742521B2 (en) 2014-11-20 2017-08-22 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Transmission device with mode division multiplexing and methods for use therewith
US9748626B2 (en) 2015-05-14 2017-08-29 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Plurality of cables having different cross-sectional shapes which are bundled together to form a transmission medium
US9749013B2 (en) 2015-03-17 2017-08-29 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Method and apparatus for reducing attenuation of electromagnetic waves guided by a transmission medium
US9749053B2 (en) 2015-07-23 2017-08-29 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Node device, repeater and methods for use therewith
US9769020B2 (en) 2014-10-21 2017-09-19 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Method and apparatus for responding to events affecting communications in a communication network
US9769128B2 (en) 2015-09-28 2017-09-19 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Method and apparatus for encryption of communications over a network
US9768833B2 (en) 2014-09-15 2017-09-19 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Method and apparatus for sensing a condition in a transmission medium of electromagnetic waves
US9780834B2 (en) 2014-10-21 2017-10-03 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Method and apparatus for transmitting electromagnetic waves
US9787412B2 (en) 2015-06-25 2017-10-10 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Methods and apparatus for inducing a fundamental wave mode on a transmission medium
US9793954B2 (en) 2015-04-28 2017-10-17 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Magnetic coupling device and methods for use therewith
US9793951B2 (en) 2015-07-15 2017-10-17 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Method and apparatus for launching a wave mode that mitigates interference
US9793955B2 (en) 2015-04-24 2017-10-17 At&T Intellectual Property I, Lp Passive electrical coupling device and methods for use therewith
US9800327B2 (en) 2014-11-20 2017-10-24 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Apparatus for controlling operations of a communication device and methods thereof
US9820146B2 (en) 2015-06-12 2017-11-14 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Method and apparatus for authentication and identity management of communicating devices
US9838078B2 (en) 2015-07-31 2017-12-05 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Method and apparatus for exchanging communication signals
US9838896B1 (en) 2016-12-09 2017-12-05 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Method and apparatus for assessing network coverage
US9847850B2 (en) 2014-10-14 2017-12-19 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Method and apparatus for adjusting a mode of communication in a communication network
US9847566B2 (en) 2015-07-14 2017-12-19 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Method and apparatus for adjusting a field of a signal to mitigate interference
US9853342B2 (en) 2015-07-14 2017-12-26 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Dielectric transmission medium connector and methods for use therewith
US9860075B1 (en) 2016-08-26 2018-01-02 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Method and communication node for broadband distribution
US9866309B2 (en) 2015-06-03 2018-01-09 At&T Intellectual Property I, Lp Host node device and methods for use therewith
US9866276B2 (en) 2014-10-10 2018-01-09 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Method and apparatus for arranging communication sessions in a communication system
US9865911B2 (en) 2015-06-25 2018-01-09 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Waveguide system for slot radiating first electromagnetic waves that are combined into a non-fundamental wave mode second electromagnetic wave on a transmission medium
US9871283B2 (en) 2015-07-23 2018-01-16 At&T Intellectual Property I, Lp Transmission medium having a dielectric core comprised of plural members connected by a ball and socket configuration
US9871282B2 (en) 2015-05-14 2018-01-16 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. At least one transmission medium having a dielectric surface that is covered at least in part by a second dielectric
US9871558B2 (en) 2014-10-21 2018-01-16 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Guided-wave transmission device and methods for use therewith
US9876570B2 (en) 2015-02-20 2018-01-23 At&T Intellectual Property I, Lp Guided-wave transmission device with non-fundamental mode propagation and methods for use therewith
US9876264B2 (en) 2015-10-02 2018-01-23 At&T Intellectual Property I, Lp Communication system, guided wave switch and methods for use therewith
US9876605B1 (en) 2016-10-21 2018-01-23 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Launcher and coupling system to support desired guided wave mode
US9882257B2 (en) 2015-07-14 2018-01-30 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Method and apparatus for launching a wave mode that mitigates interference
US9887447B2 (en) 2015-05-14 2018-02-06 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Transmission medium having multiple cores and methods for use therewith
US9893795B1 (en) 2016-12-07 2018-02-13 At&T Intellectual Property I, Lp Method and repeater for broadband distribution
US9904535B2 (en) 2015-09-14 2018-02-27 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Method and apparatus for distributing software
US9906269B2 (en) 2014-09-17 2018-02-27 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Monitoring and mitigating conditions in a communication network
US9912382B2 (en) 2015-06-03 2018-03-06 At&T Intellectual Property I, Lp Network termination and methods for use therewith
US9913139B2 (en) 2015-06-09 2018-03-06 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Signal fingerprinting for authentication of communicating devices
US9912027B2 (en) 2015-07-23 2018-03-06 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Method and apparatus for exchanging communication signals
US9912033B2 (en) 2014-10-21 2018-03-06 At&T Intellectual Property I, Lp Guided wave coupler, coupling module and methods for use therewith
US9911020B1 (en) 2016-12-08 2018-03-06 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Method and apparatus for tracking via a radio frequency identification device
US9917341B2 (en) 2015-05-27 2018-03-13 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Apparatus and method for launching electromagnetic waves and for modifying radial dimensions of the propagating electromagnetic waves
US9927517B1 (en) 2016-12-06 2018-03-27 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Apparatus and methods for sensing rainfall
US9929755B2 (en) 2015-07-14 2018-03-27 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Method and apparatus for coupling an antenna to a device
US9948333B2 (en) 2015-07-23 2018-04-17 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Method and apparatus for wireless communications to mitigate interference
US9954286B2 (en) 2014-10-21 2018-04-24 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Guided-wave transmission device with non-fundamental mode propagation and methods for use therewith
US9954287B2 (en) 2014-11-20 2018-04-24 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Apparatus for converting wireless signals and electromagnetic waves and methods thereof
US9967173B2 (en) 2015-07-31 2018-05-08 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Method and apparatus for authentication and identity management of communicating devices
US9973940B1 (en) 2017-02-27 2018-05-15 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Apparatus and methods for dynamic impedance matching of a guided wave launcher
US9973416B2 (en) 2014-10-02 2018-05-15 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Method and apparatus that provides fault tolerance in a communication network
US9991580B2 (en) 2016-10-21 2018-06-05 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Launcher and coupling system for guided wave mode cancellation
US9998870B1 (en) 2016-12-08 2018-06-12 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Method and apparatus for proximity sensing
US9999038B2 (en) 2013-05-31 2018-06-12 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Remote distributed antenna system
US9997819B2 (en) 2015-06-09 2018-06-12 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Transmission medium and method for facilitating propagation of electromagnetic waves via a core
US10009067B2 (en) 2014-12-04 2018-06-26 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Method and apparatus for configuring a communication interface
US10020844B2 (en) 2016-12-06 2018-07-10 T&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Method and apparatus for broadcast communication via guided waves
US10027397B2 (en) 2016-12-07 2018-07-17 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Distributed antenna system and methods for use therewith
US10044409B2 (en) 2015-07-14 2018-08-07 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Transmission medium and methods for use therewith
US10051630B2 (en) 2013-05-31 2018-08-14 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Remote distributed antenna system
US10069535B2 (en) 2016-12-08 2018-09-04 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Apparatus and methods for launching electromagnetic waves having a certain electric field structure
US10069185B2 (en) 2015-06-25 2018-09-04 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Methods and apparatus for inducing a non-fundamental wave mode on a transmission medium
US10090606B2 (en) 2015-07-15 2018-10-02 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Antenna system with dielectric array and methods for use therewith
US10090594B2 (en) 2016-11-23 2018-10-02 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Antenna system having structural configurations for assembly
US10103422B2 (en) 2016-12-08 2018-10-16 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Method and apparatus for mounting network devices
US10135145B2 (en) 2016-12-06 2018-11-20 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Apparatus and methods for generating an electromagnetic wave along a transmission medium
US10135147B2 (en) 2016-10-18 2018-11-20 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Apparatus and methods for launching guided waves via an antenna
US10139820B2 (en) 2016-12-07 2018-11-27 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Method and apparatus for deploying equipment of a communication system
US10148016B2 (en) 2015-07-14 2018-12-04 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Apparatus and methods for communicating utilizing an antenna array
US10153547B2 (en) * 2015-07-15 2018-12-11 Raytheon Company Armored radome
US10168695B2 (en) 2016-12-07 2019-01-01 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Method and apparatus for controlling an unmanned aircraft
US10178445B2 (en) 2016-11-23 2019-01-08 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Methods, devices, and systems for load balancing between a plurality of waveguides
US10205655B2 (en) 2015-07-14 2019-02-12 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Apparatus and methods for communicating utilizing an antenna array and multiple communication paths
US10225025B2 (en) 2016-11-03 2019-03-05 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Method and apparatus for detecting a fault in a communication system
US10224634B2 (en) 2016-11-03 2019-03-05 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Methods and apparatus for adjusting an operational characteristic of an antenna
US10243270B2 (en) 2016-12-07 2019-03-26 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Beam adaptive multi-feed dielectric antenna system and methods for use therewith
US10243784B2 (en) 2014-11-20 2019-03-26 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. System for generating topology information and methods thereof
US10264586B2 (en) 2016-12-09 2019-04-16 At&T Mobility Ii Llc Cloud-based packet controller and methods for use therewith
US10291334B2 (en) 2016-11-03 2019-05-14 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. System for detecting a fault in a communication system
US10298293B2 (en) 2017-03-13 2019-05-21 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Apparatus of communication utilizing wireless network devices
US10305190B2 (en) 2016-12-01 2019-05-28 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Reflecting dielectric antenna system and methods for use therewith
US10312567B2 (en) 2016-10-26 2019-06-04 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Launcher with planar strip antenna and methods for use therewith
US10326689B2 (en) 2016-12-08 2019-06-18 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Method and system for providing alternative communication paths
US10326494B2 (en) 2016-12-06 2019-06-18 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Apparatus for measurement de-embedding and methods for use therewith
US10340573B2 (en) 2016-10-26 2019-07-02 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Launcher with cylindrical coupling device and methods for use therewith

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2415089A (en) * 1942-05-28 1947-02-04 Bell Telephone Labor Inc Microwave antennas
US2607009A (en) * 1948-10-08 1952-08-12 Philco Corp Electromagnetic wave transmissive structure
US2636125A (en) * 1948-04-10 1953-04-21 Bell Telephone Labor Inc Selective electromagnetic wave system

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2415089A (en) * 1942-05-28 1947-02-04 Bell Telephone Labor Inc Microwave antennas
US2636125A (en) * 1948-04-10 1953-04-21 Bell Telephone Labor Inc Selective electromagnetic wave system
US2607009A (en) * 1948-10-08 1952-08-12 Philco Corp Electromagnetic wave transmissive structure

Cited By (111)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3448455A (en) * 1964-03-20 1969-06-03 Thomson Houston Comp Francaise Armoured structure antenna
US3465361A (en) * 1965-01-13 1969-09-02 Rosemount Eng Co Ltd Electromagnetic wave retarding structure
US3633206A (en) * 1967-01-30 1972-01-04 Edward Bellamy Mcmillan Lattice aperture antenna
US3605098A (en) * 1969-04-14 1971-09-14 Hazeltine Corp Phased array antenna including impedance matching apparatus
US4570166A (en) * 1983-08-29 1986-02-11 General Electric Company RF-Transparent shield structures
US7957068B2 (en) * 2005-12-20 2011-06-07 Riken Optical near-field distribution transfer device
US20090067028A1 (en) * 2005-12-20 2009-03-12 Riken Optical near-field distribution transfer device
US10051630B2 (en) 2013-05-31 2018-08-14 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Remote distributed antenna system
US9999038B2 (en) 2013-05-31 2018-06-12 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Remote distributed antenna system
US9674711B2 (en) 2013-11-06 2017-06-06 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Surface-wave communications and methods thereof
US9768833B2 (en) 2014-09-15 2017-09-19 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Method and apparatus for sensing a condition in a transmission medium of electromagnetic waves
US10063280B2 (en) 2014-09-17 2018-08-28 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Monitoring and mitigating conditions in a communication network
US9906269B2 (en) 2014-09-17 2018-02-27 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Monitoring and mitigating conditions in a communication network
US9973416B2 (en) 2014-10-02 2018-05-15 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Method and apparatus that provides fault tolerance in a communication network
US9685992B2 (en) 2014-10-03 2017-06-20 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Circuit panel network and methods thereof
US9866276B2 (en) 2014-10-10 2018-01-09 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Method and apparatus for arranging communication sessions in a communication system
US9847850B2 (en) 2014-10-14 2017-12-19 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Method and apparatus for adjusting a mode of communication in a communication network
US9871558B2 (en) 2014-10-21 2018-01-16 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Guided-wave transmission device and methods for use therewith
US9960808B2 (en) 2014-10-21 2018-05-01 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Guided-wave transmission device and methods for use therewith
US9769020B2 (en) 2014-10-21 2017-09-19 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Method and apparatus for responding to events affecting communications in a communication network
US9912033B2 (en) 2014-10-21 2018-03-06 At&T Intellectual Property I, Lp Guided wave coupler, coupling module and methods for use therewith
US9876587B2 (en) 2014-10-21 2018-01-23 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Transmission device with impairment compensation and methods for use therewith
US9780834B2 (en) 2014-10-21 2017-10-03 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Method and apparatus for transmitting electromagnetic waves
US9705610B2 (en) 2014-10-21 2017-07-11 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Transmission device with impairment compensation and methods for use therewith
US9954286B2 (en) 2014-10-21 2018-04-24 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Guided-wave transmission device with non-fundamental mode propagation and methods for use therewith
US9742521B2 (en) 2014-11-20 2017-08-22 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Transmission device with mode division multiplexing and methods for use therewith
US9954287B2 (en) 2014-11-20 2018-04-24 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Apparatus for converting wireless signals and electromagnetic waves and methods thereof
US9800327B2 (en) 2014-11-20 2017-10-24 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Apparatus for controlling operations of a communication device and methods thereof
US9749083B2 (en) 2014-11-20 2017-08-29 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Transmission device with mode division multiplexing and methods for use therewith
US10243784B2 (en) 2014-11-20 2019-03-26 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. System for generating topology information and methods thereof
US10009067B2 (en) 2014-12-04 2018-06-26 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Method and apparatus for configuring a communication interface
US9742462B2 (en) 2014-12-04 2017-08-22 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Transmission medium and communication interfaces and methods for use therewith
US9876571B2 (en) 2015-02-20 2018-01-23 At&T Intellectual Property I, Lp Guided-wave transmission device with non-fundamental mode propagation and methods for use therewith
US9876570B2 (en) 2015-02-20 2018-01-23 At&T Intellectual Property I, Lp Guided-wave transmission device with non-fundamental mode propagation and methods for use therewith
US9749013B2 (en) 2015-03-17 2017-08-29 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Method and apparatus for reducing attenuation of electromagnetic waves guided by a transmission medium
US9793955B2 (en) 2015-04-24 2017-10-17 At&T Intellectual Property I, Lp Passive electrical coupling device and methods for use therewith
US9705561B2 (en) 2015-04-24 2017-07-11 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Directional coupling device and methods for use therewith
US10224981B2 (en) 2015-04-24 2019-03-05 At&T Intellectual Property I, Lp Passive electrical coupling device and methods for use therewith
US9831912B2 (en) 2015-04-24 2017-11-28 At&T Intellectual Property I, Lp Directional coupling device and methods for use therewith
US9793954B2 (en) 2015-04-28 2017-10-17 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Magnetic coupling device and methods for use therewith
US9748626B2 (en) 2015-05-14 2017-08-29 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Plurality of cables having different cross-sectional shapes which are bundled together to form a transmission medium
US9871282B2 (en) 2015-05-14 2018-01-16 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. At least one transmission medium having a dielectric surface that is covered at least in part by a second dielectric
US9887447B2 (en) 2015-05-14 2018-02-06 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Transmission medium having multiple cores and methods for use therewith
US9917341B2 (en) 2015-05-27 2018-03-13 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Apparatus and method for launching electromagnetic waves and for modifying radial dimensions of the propagating electromagnetic waves
US9935703B2 (en) 2015-06-03 2018-04-03 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Host node device and methods for use therewith
US9912381B2 (en) 2015-06-03 2018-03-06 At&T Intellectual Property I, Lp Network termination and methods for use therewith
US9866309B2 (en) 2015-06-03 2018-01-09 At&T Intellectual Property I, Lp Host node device and methods for use therewith
US9967002B2 (en) 2015-06-03 2018-05-08 At&T Intellectual I, Lp Network termination and methods for use therewith
US10050697B2 (en) 2015-06-03 2018-08-14 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Host node device and methods for use therewith
US9912382B2 (en) 2015-06-03 2018-03-06 At&T Intellectual Property I, Lp Network termination and methods for use therewith
US9997819B2 (en) 2015-06-09 2018-06-12 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Transmission medium and method for facilitating propagation of electromagnetic waves via a core
US9913139B2 (en) 2015-06-09 2018-03-06 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Signal fingerprinting for authentication of communicating devices
US9820146B2 (en) 2015-06-12 2017-11-14 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Method and apparatus for authentication and identity management of communicating devices
US9787412B2 (en) 2015-06-25 2017-10-10 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Methods and apparatus for inducing a fundamental wave mode on a transmission medium
US10069185B2 (en) 2015-06-25 2018-09-04 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Methods and apparatus for inducing a non-fundamental wave mode on a transmission medium
US9865911B2 (en) 2015-06-25 2018-01-09 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Waveguide system for slot radiating first electromagnetic waves that are combined into a non-fundamental wave mode second electromagnetic wave on a transmission medium
US9929755B2 (en) 2015-07-14 2018-03-27 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Method and apparatus for coupling an antenna to a device
US9882257B2 (en) 2015-07-14 2018-01-30 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Method and apparatus for launching a wave mode that mitigates interference
US10044409B2 (en) 2015-07-14 2018-08-07 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Transmission medium and methods for use therewith
US9853342B2 (en) 2015-07-14 2017-12-26 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Dielectric transmission medium connector and methods for use therewith
US9847566B2 (en) 2015-07-14 2017-12-19 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Method and apparatus for adjusting a field of a signal to mitigate interference
US10205655B2 (en) 2015-07-14 2019-02-12 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Apparatus and methods for communicating utilizing an antenna array and multiple communication paths
US10148016B2 (en) 2015-07-14 2018-12-04 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Apparatus and methods for communicating utilizing an antenna array
US9793951B2 (en) 2015-07-15 2017-10-17 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Method and apparatus for launching a wave mode that mitigates interference
US10153547B2 (en) * 2015-07-15 2018-12-11 Raytheon Company Armored radome
US10090606B2 (en) 2015-07-15 2018-10-02 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Antenna system with dielectric array and methods for use therewith
US9948333B2 (en) 2015-07-23 2018-04-17 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Method and apparatus for wireless communications to mitigate interference
US9871283B2 (en) 2015-07-23 2018-01-16 At&T Intellectual Property I, Lp Transmission medium having a dielectric core comprised of plural members connected by a ball and socket configuration
US9806818B2 (en) 2015-07-23 2017-10-31 At&T Intellectual Property I, Lp Node device, repeater and methods for use therewith
US9749053B2 (en) 2015-07-23 2017-08-29 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Node device, repeater and methods for use therewith
US9912027B2 (en) 2015-07-23 2018-03-06 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Method and apparatus for exchanging communication signals
US9735833B2 (en) 2015-07-31 2017-08-15 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Method and apparatus for communications management in a neighborhood network
US9838078B2 (en) 2015-07-31 2017-12-05 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Method and apparatus for exchanging communication signals
US9967173B2 (en) 2015-07-31 2018-05-08 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Method and apparatus for authentication and identity management of communicating devices
US9904535B2 (en) 2015-09-14 2018-02-27 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Method and apparatus for distributing software
US9769128B2 (en) 2015-09-28 2017-09-19 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Method and apparatus for encryption of communications over a network
US9729197B2 (en) 2015-10-01 2017-08-08 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Method and apparatus for communicating network management traffic over a network
US9876264B2 (en) 2015-10-02 2018-01-23 At&T Intellectual Property I, Lp Communication system, guided wave switch and methods for use therewith
US9860075B1 (en) 2016-08-26 2018-01-02 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Method and communication node for broadband distribution
US10135147B2 (en) 2016-10-18 2018-11-20 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Apparatus and methods for launching guided waves via an antenna
US9876605B1 (en) 2016-10-21 2018-01-23 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Launcher and coupling system to support desired guided wave mode
US9991580B2 (en) 2016-10-21 2018-06-05 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Launcher and coupling system for guided wave mode cancellation
US10312567B2 (en) 2016-10-26 2019-06-04 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Launcher with planar strip antenna and methods for use therewith
US10340573B2 (en) 2016-10-26 2019-07-02 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Launcher with cylindrical coupling device and methods for use therewith
US10225025B2 (en) 2016-11-03 2019-03-05 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Method and apparatus for detecting a fault in a communication system
US10291334B2 (en) 2016-11-03 2019-05-14 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. System for detecting a fault in a communication system
US10224634B2 (en) 2016-11-03 2019-03-05 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Methods and apparatus for adjusting an operational characteristic of an antenna
US10178445B2 (en) 2016-11-23 2019-01-08 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Methods, devices, and systems for load balancing between a plurality of waveguides
US10340603B2 (en) 2016-11-23 2019-07-02 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Antenna system having shielded structural configurations for assembly
US10090594B2 (en) 2016-11-23 2018-10-02 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Antenna system having structural configurations for assembly
US10340601B2 (en) 2016-11-23 2019-07-02 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Multi-antenna system and methods for use therewith
US10305190B2 (en) 2016-12-01 2019-05-28 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Reflecting dielectric antenna system and methods for use therewith
US10326494B2 (en) 2016-12-06 2019-06-18 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Apparatus for measurement de-embedding and methods for use therewith
US10020844B2 (en) 2016-12-06 2018-07-10 T&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Method and apparatus for broadcast communication via guided waves
US9927517B1 (en) 2016-12-06 2018-03-27 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Apparatus and methods for sensing rainfall
US10135145B2 (en) 2016-12-06 2018-11-20 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Apparatus and methods for generating an electromagnetic wave along a transmission medium
US10027397B2 (en) 2016-12-07 2018-07-17 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Distributed antenna system and methods for use therewith
US10243270B2 (en) 2016-12-07 2019-03-26 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Beam adaptive multi-feed dielectric antenna system and methods for use therewith
US9893795B1 (en) 2016-12-07 2018-02-13 At&T Intellectual Property I, Lp Method and repeater for broadband distribution
US10168695B2 (en) 2016-12-07 2019-01-01 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Method and apparatus for controlling an unmanned aircraft
US10139820B2 (en) 2016-12-07 2018-11-27 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Method and apparatus for deploying equipment of a communication system
US10326689B2 (en) 2016-12-08 2019-06-18 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Method and system for providing alternative communication paths
US10103422B2 (en) 2016-12-08 2018-10-16 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Method and apparatus for mounting network devices
US10069535B2 (en) 2016-12-08 2018-09-04 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Apparatus and methods for launching electromagnetic waves having a certain electric field structure
US9998870B1 (en) 2016-12-08 2018-06-12 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Method and apparatus for proximity sensing
US9911020B1 (en) 2016-12-08 2018-03-06 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Method and apparatus for tracking via a radio frequency identification device
US10264586B2 (en) 2016-12-09 2019-04-16 At&T Mobility Ii Llc Cloud-based packet controller and methods for use therewith
US10340983B2 (en) 2016-12-09 2019-07-02 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Method and apparatus for surveying remote sites via guided wave communications
US9838896B1 (en) 2016-12-09 2017-12-05 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Method and apparatus for assessing network coverage
US9973940B1 (en) 2017-02-27 2018-05-15 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Apparatus and methods for dynamic impedance matching of a guided wave launcher
US10298293B2 (en) 2017-03-13 2019-05-21 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Apparatus of communication utilizing wireless network devices

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US3389394A (en) Multiple frequency antenna
US3277401A (en) Multi-stable phase shifters for microwaves employing a plurality of high remanent magnetization materials
US3205462A (en) Low-loss waveguide for propagation of h10 wave
US4468672A (en) Wide bandwidth hybrid mode feeds
EP0536522B1 (en) Continuous traverse stub element devices and method for making same
Kerr Short axial length broad-band horns
US3475642A (en) Microwave slow wave dielectric structure and electron tube utilizing same
US3594667A (en) Microwave window having dielectric variations for tuning of resonances
US2423648A (en) Antenna
US4489293A (en) Miniature dual-mode, dielectric-loaded cavity filter
US3555553A (en) Coaxial-line to waveguide transition for horn antenna
US7119755B2 (en) Wave antenna lens system
US2761137A (en) Solid dielectric waveguide with metal plating
US3961333A (en) Radome wire grid having low pass frequency characteristics
US6208308B1 (en) Polyrod antenna with flared notch feed
US2407068A (en) Wave transmitting system
US4370659A (en) Antenna
US9692117B2 (en) Antenna
US4656487A (en) Electromagnetic energy passive filter structure
US2825060A (en) Dual-polarization antenna
US3857114A (en) Superconductive microwave filter
Huang et al. Tri-band frequency selective surface with circular ring elements
Young et al. Meander-line polarizer
US2659817A (en) Translation of electromagnetic waves
Lier A dielectric hybrid mode antenna feed: A simple alternative to the corrugated horn