US3271925A - Packing machines - Google Patents

Packing machines Download PDF

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US3271925A
US3271925A US35145364A US3271925A US 3271925 A US3271925 A US 3271925A US 35145364 A US35145364 A US 35145364A US 3271925 A US3271925 A US 3271925A
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Prior art keywords
casings
pack
reinforcing
chain
casing
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Aubery Francois
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Aubery Francois
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29BPREPARATION OR PRETREATMENT OF THE MATERIAL TO BE SHAPED; MAKING GRANULES OR PREFORMS; RECOVERY OF PLASTICS OR OTHER CONSTITUENTS OF WASTE MATERIAL CONTAINING PLASTICS
    • B29B7/00Mixing; Kneading
    • B29B7/30Mixing; Kneading continuous, with mechanical mixing or kneading devices
    • B29B7/34Mixing; Kneading continuous, with mechanical mixing or kneading devices with movable mixing or kneading devices
    • B29B7/52Mixing; Kneading continuous, with mechanical mixing or kneading devices with movable mixing or kneading devices with rollers or the like, e.g. calenders
    • B29B7/56Mixing; Kneading continuous, with mechanical mixing or kneading devices with movable mixing or kneading devices with rollers or the like, e.g. calenders with co-operating rollers, e.g. with repeated action, i.e. the material leaving a set of rollers being reconducted to the same set or being conducted to a next set
    • B29B7/566Mixing; Kneading continuous, with mechanical mixing or kneading devices with movable mixing or kneading devices with rollers or the like, e.g. calenders with co-operating rollers, e.g. with repeated action, i.e. the material leaving a set of rollers being reconducted to the same set or being conducted to a next set provided with means to take material away from a set of rollers and to reconduct it to the same set; provided with endless belts, e.g. which can be in or out of cooperation with at least one of the rollers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B13/00Bundling articles
    • B65B13/18Details of, or auxiliary devices used in, bundling machines or bundling tools
    • B65B13/181Details of, or auxiliary devices used in, bundling machines or bundling tools applying edge protecting members during bundling

Description

Sept. 13, 1966 F. AUBERY 3,271,925
PACKING MACHINES Filed March 12, 1964 9 Sheets-Sheet 1 Sept. 13, 1966 F. AUBERY PACKING MACHINES Filed March 12, 1964 9 Sheets-Sheet 2 Sept. 13, 1966 F. AUBERY 3,271,925
PACKING MACHINES Filed March 12, 1964 9 Sheets-Sheet 5 Sept. 13, 1966 F. AUBERY 3,271,925
PACKING MACHINES Filed March 12, 1964 9 Sheets-Sheet 4 Sept. 13, 1966 F. AUBERY 3,271,925
PACKING MACHINES Filed March 12, 1964 9 Sheets-Sheet 5 Sept. 13, 1966 AUBERY 3,271,925
PACKING MACHINES Filed March 12, 1964 9 Sheets-Sheet 6 Sept. 13, 1966 F. AUBERY 3,271,925
PACKING MACHINES Filed March 12, 1964 9 Sheets-Sheet 7 Sept. 13, 1966 F. AUBERY 3,271,925
PACKING MACHINES Filed March 12, 1964 9 Sheets-Sheet 8 Sept. 13, 1966 AUBERY 3,271,925
PACKING MACHINES Filed March 12, 1964 9 Sheets-Sheet 9 United States Patent 3,271,925 PACKING MACHINES Francois Aubery, 18 Rue Colbert, Valence, Drome, France Filed Mar. 12, 1964, Ser. No. 351,453 Claims priority, application France, Mar. 20, 1963, 8,647, Patent 1,351,883; June 26, 1963, 8,720; July 10, 1963, 8,733; Dec. 12, 1963, 8,822
16 Claims. (Cl. 53-128) This invention relates to semi-automatic packing machines.
It is the primary object of this invention to provide a semi-automatic packing machine in which a substantially rectangular block composed, for example, of a stack of fiat rectangular plates, is surrounded and tied by a strapping element, the machine placing reinforcing elements at the four edges of the pack about which the strapping element is to pass and folding these elements to a right angled shape before encircling the pack and said reinforcing elements with the strap-ping element.
It is a further object of the invention to provide a packing machine which owing to its adjustable parts permits packs of a wide range of sizes to be handled.
These and other objects of the invention will become apparent during the detailed description which follows and which is given with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which,
FIGURE 1 is a perspective view of a reinforced and tied pack produced by a semi-automatic packing machine according to the present invention,
FIGURE 2 is a diagrammatic plan view of a packing machine according to the present invention,
FIGURE 3 is, on a larger scale, a section on the line a-b of FIGURE 2,
(FIGURE 4 is a section on the line c-d of FIGURE 2,
FIGURE 5 shows two views of a cam for folding flat reinforcing elements,
FIGURE 6 is a section on the line e-f of FIGURE 2,
FIGURE 7 is a plan view, on a larger scale, of an endless chain of the packing machine and also shows a gripper carried by the chain for entraining the strapping elements,
FIGURE 8 is a section taken on the line g-h of FIG- URE 2,
'FIGURE 8 is a perspective view illustrating the manner in which the reinforcing elements are folded,
FIGURE 9 is a section, on a smaller scale, of the part of the machine which positions and folds flat reinforcing elements,
FIGURE 9 is a perspective view illustrating the manner in which the reinforcing elements are folded in FIGURE 9,
FIGURE 10 is a further section of the part of the machine illustrated in FIGURE 9, the sections of FIGURES 9 and 10 being at right angles to one another,
FIGURE 11 is a front view of a gripper for entraining a strapping element,
FIGURE 12 is a plan view of the gripper of FIG- URE 11,
FIGURE 13 is a diagrammatic side view of a modified form of the part of the packing machine which folds the reinforcing elements,
FIGURE 13 is a perspective view illustrating the manner in which the reinforcing elements are severed and folded in the arrangement of FIGURE 13,
FIGURE 14 is a side view illustrating a modified disposition for the endless chain of the machine,
FIGURE 15 illustrates a modified form of the part of the machine illustrated in FIGURE 3,
3,271,925 Patented Sept. 13, 1966 ice FIGURE 16 is a plan view of the machine part of FIGURE 15,
FIGURE 17 is a diagrammatic view, on a smaller scale, illustrating a further modified disposition of the endless chain of the machine,
FIGURE 18 shows the chain of FIGURE 17 in a different operative position,
FIGURE 19 is a cross section, on a smaller scale, of a further modified form of the part of the machine which positions and folds the flat reinforcing elements,
FIGURE 20 is a plan view on the line iof FIG- URE 19,
FIGURE 21 is a plan view on the line k-l of FIG- URE 19,
FIGURE 22 is a diagrammatic view, on a smaller scale, showing a further modified disposition and construction for the endless chain, and
FIGURE 23 is a perspective view of the embodiment of FIGURES 15 and 16 and illustrates the manner in which the casings are adjustable.
The semi-automatic packing machine illustrated has a frame which includes a table 1 on which are mounted horizontal supporting rollers 2 which rotate freely to facilitate the advance through the machine of a pack P which is being formed.
A fixed casing 3 arranged at one edge of the table 1 and about halfway along the table forms a box within which a stack of flat reinforcing elements 4, which are made for example of corrugated cardboard, are disposed.
The casing 3 has thereabove an upper casing 5 (FIG- UR-E 6) supported by and vetrically displaceable on a plate 6 (FIGURE 4) mounted on the casing 3 and extending upwardly therefrom. Studs 14i1 fast with the casing 5 extend through slots 6 of the plate 6 to permit vertical sliding movement of the casing 5 which can be fixed in position by means of nuts. The upper casing 5 contains flat reinforcing elements 4 which are intended to be provided on the upper edges of the pack P. The disposition of the elements 4 and 4 on the pack P is illustrated in FIGURE 1.
Beneath the superposed casings 3 and 5, there is fixed a g-uideway 7 having a longitudinal slot 7 at the top thereof. This guideway 7, because of its hollow cross-section, permits the guiding of rotatable wheels 8 (FIGURE 3) fixed to the base of a lower casing 9 which is intended to receive further flat reinforcing elements 4, and which is displaceaible transversely of the table 1 towards and away from the casing 3. A further plate 6 secured to the lower casing 9 carries a vertically displaceable upper casing 10.
From the above description it will be appreciated that the casings 9 and 10 slide transversely on the guideway 7 to move towards or away from the casings 3 and 5 to adapt to the width of the pack P. Furthermore, as described, the upper casings 5 and 10 of the two assemblies are displaceable together vertically in order to correspond to the height of the pack P.
The transverse displacement control of the casings 9 and 10 is eflected by a screw 11 (FIGURES 3 and 4) mounted in the guideway 7. This screw is controlled by a hand wheel 12 and co-operates with a nut 13 fixed to the base of the lower casing 9. It will be appreciated that rotation of the screw 11 effects the transverse displacement, in both directions, of the assembly of the casings 9 and 10 which are guided by the wheels 8.
A transverse shaft 14 (FIGURES 3 and 4) is rotatably mounted in supports 15 which are carried by the upper casings 5 and 10. The shaft 14 can be rotated by means of a hand wheel 16 and has fixed thereto worms 17 and 18 which mesh with worm wheels 19 and 20. Vertical screws 21 and 22 rotatably mounted in supports 3 and 9 fast with the lower casings 3 and 9 are rotated by the Wheels 19 and 20 and co-operate with nuts 23 fixed to the upper casings and 10. It will be understood that rotational motion of the transverse shaft 14 causes the vertical displacement of the casings 5 and upwardly or downwardly. Of course, after adjustment of the positions of the casings 5 and IQ, locking in position is effected by the nuts co-operat1ng with the guiding studs in the slots 6 In front of the casings 3, 5, 9 and 10 there is POSI- tioned a roller 24 which is adjustable vertically with the casings 5 and 10. The roller extends the entire width of the table 1 to bear on the upper face of the pack P. This roller 24 is mounted at one of its ends on a prolongation of the support of the upper casmg 5 while being guided at its other end by a vertical support 25 fixed to the table 1.
The displacement of the roller 24 vertically is effected at one side by the upper casing 5 and at the other side by the shaft 14 which carries a worm 26 at the end thereof. This worm 26 meshes with a worm wheel 27 fixed on a vertical screw 28 hearing on the vertical support 25. A nut 29 on the screw 28 supports the shaft of the roller 24 and thus permits its vertical displacement in combination with the displacement of the upper casings 5 and 10.
The roller 24 thus arranged is effective as a driving means for driving a pack through the machine and the roller 24 receives its drive from a motor (not shown) arranged below the table 1 via a vertical shaft 30 and bevel gearwheels 31.
It will be understood that the roller 24 can be made of rigid material or elastic material to permit flexible and progressive bearing contact against the pack P.
The assembly of casings 3, 5, 9 and 10 is supplemented by angle members 32 (FIGURES 2 and 3) fixed to the lower casings 3 and 9 so as to form a guide passage for the packs P.
The lower and upper casings have transverse slots F and F therein (FIG. 6) respectively in order to permit the ejection of the lowest reinforcing element of each stack. This ejection is effected by blades 33 and 33 (FIGS. 2 and 8) which enter the slots F and F and are pivotably mounted on vertical shafts 34, there being one shaft 34 for each pair of casings.
At their bases the shafts 34 (which may be coupled together or driven separately by motors M and any suitable transmission) are rotatably mounted on the lower casings 3 and 9 and are fast with the lower blades 33 which co-operate with the lower slots F to eject the lowest flat reinforcing elements 4 to a position beneath the lower face of the pack P (see FIG. 8). The upper blades 33 corresponding to the slots F are splined to and slide on the shafts 34 to act in the same way as blades 33 to eject the upper fiat reinforcing elements 4 to a position above the upper face of the pack P. Thus, the upper blades 33 are driven in rotation by shaft 34 to permit ejection of the upper reinforcing elements 4 but the blades 33 slide vertically on the shafts because blades are fixed with the upper casings 5 and 10 corresponding to the slots P so that the blades are driven by the latter when vertically displaced.
After the flat reinforcing elements 4 and 4 are ejected from the stacks to the positions shown in FIGURE 8, they are bent at right angles so as to be carefully applied to the edges of the pack P. This operation, illustrated by the broken lines in FIGURE 8, is effected by means of earns 35 fixed to the ends of transverse shafts 36 and 36 which are rotatably mounted on the rear faces of the lower casings 3 and 9. These shafts 36 and 36 are rotated by the vertical shafts 34 via bevel gearwheel assemblies 37 and 38. One cam 35 is illustrated in FIGURE 5.
The upper casings 5 and 10, and also the lower casings 3 and 9 carry toothed wheels 40 for guiding an endless chain C (FIG. 6) along a rectangular path of travel corresponding to the periphery of the pack P. Below the lower casings 3 and 9 guide pulleys 41 cooperate with a weight 42 to form a means for compensating the useful length and the tension of the chain C to take into account the vertical and transverse adjustments of the casings 3, 5, 9 and 10. This arrangement enables the chain C to encircle the pack P whatever the size of the pack. The chain C is driven by a motor M through any suitable clutch system.
The chain C has secured thereto a support 43 with a gripper 44 intended to grip the end of a wire L and to draw it along the path of travel of the chain C and consequently around the outside of the pack P. For this purpose, the metal wire L, or any other appropriate strapping element, is brought at the beginning of the strapping operation in accordance with the engagement point of the gripper 44 through the agency of independentcontrol driving wheels G.
The moving chain C engages by means of its gripper 44 the wire L which is thus carried along and encircles the pack P, resting on the fiat reinforcing elements 4 and 4 When one end of the wire L arrives opposite the other end and the pack is encircled, the driving wheels G are stopped in any suitable manner well known in the art, e.g., mechanically or automatically while the chain C continues its travel so as to apply tension to the wire L and consequently tighten it around the pack P. The detail construction of the means for controlling the driving wheels G forms no part of the invention and is well understood by those skilled in the art. After tightening, the overlapping ends of the wire L are secured in a maner known per se as by welding, twisting, knotting or by any other means and the wire is thereafter cut.
The pack P is then displaced by the driving roller 24 onto the supporting rollers 2 There is thus produced a pack having corner reinforcing elements on two sides of the pack and an encircling wire. The pack can then, if desired, be turned through and refed through the machine to provide corner elements on four sides with two perpendicular reinforcing wires, as is shown in FIG. 1. In FIGURES 9 and 10 there is shown a modified device for ejecting and folding the reinforcing elements. The casings 45 and 46 which contain the reinforcing elements and which are arranged at one and the same side of the machine are offset transversely and the means for effecting transverse displacement of a pair of casings, and vertical displacement of the upper casing, are constructed as hereinbefore described.
In front of the casings 45 and 46, and at each side of the machine, a vertical shaft 47 is arranged which drives a bevel gearwheel 48 which co-operates with the wheel 49 arranged vertically andfixed to a shaft 50. This shaft has a toothed Wheel 51 for driving an endless chain C arranged below the lower casing 45 and so guided by two wheels 52 and 53 as to provide a triangular path of travel with a rectilinear, horizontal run. The chain C is also provided, at its outer side, with a projecting finger C which engages in a corresponding slot 45 in the bottom of the casing 45 and acts on the lowest reinforcing element in the casing 45. This element is entrained by the chain and driven along the path between the wheels 52 and 53 while being guided at its outlet from the casing 45 by means of a profiled passage 54, The flat reinforcing element is displaced by the finger C until over half of its extent is below the pack P and it is retained in this position by means of a flat spring 55 fixed to the casing 45.
The projecting portion of the flat reinforcing element is folded over by an offset finger 56 mounted at the end of a transverse shaft 57. The shaft 57 carries (and is driven via) a bevel gearwheel 58 which meshes with a gearwheel 59 fixed on the vertical shaft 47.
It will be understood that the ratio of the speeds of the gearwheels, combined with the circular motion of the finger 56, is such that the advancing and positioning of the fiat reinforcing element is carried out while the finger 56 performs its rotational movement below the flat reinforcing element, and such that the folding operation is carried out by the finger 56 during the return motion of the finger C of the chain C The same construction is used for the upper casing 46 the lowest flat reinforcing element of which is ejected by a finger C of a chain C driven via a bevel gearwheel 60 mounted on the vertical shaft 47.
A fiat spring 61 fixed to the casing 46 ensures that the fiat reinforcing element is held in position on the upper face of the pack P. The finger 62 is driven by a shaft 63 which itself is driven via a bevel gearwheel 64 cooperating with a gearwheel 65 fixed on the shaft 47.
In FIGURE 14 there is illustrated a compensating device for the transverse endless chain. The endless chain C is so guided by toothed wheels 68 fixed on the corresponding casings 45 and 46 as to follow a rectangular path of travel.
The upper run of the chain passes around guide pulleys 66 while the lower run of the chain C passes around a guide pulley 67 and a return pulley 68 rotatably mounted on a nut 69. The latter co-operates with the screwthread of a transverse screw 70 arranged below the guide screw 71 (previously referred to as screw 11) and intended for the transverse displacement of two of the casings.
At one end thereof, the transverse screw 70 carries a gearwheel 72 which meshes with a wheel 73 fixed to the guide screw 71. It will be understood that the rotation of the guide screw 71 results in rotation of the transverse screw 70 in the opposite direction. As a result, movement of one pair of casings towards the other to adapt to the width of the pack P causes the nut 69 to be displaced carrying with it the return pulley 68 so as to form a compensating means for the useful length of the chain C Alternatively, an increase in the separation of the casings results in returning the mobile nut 69 in the opposite direction.
A regulatable counterweight 74 is mounted on the chain C by means of a pulley in order to permit variations in height due to the vertical displacements of the upper casing 46.
In the device of FIGURE 13, the reinforcing elements are not fiat, stacked elements but are drawn from a reel and cut to size. Thus the casings for the flat reinforcing elements are replaced by corrugated cardboard reels or reels of any other suitable material. The spindles of these reels are, of course, capable of vertical displacement and transverse displacement in the same manner as the casing they replace. Thus, for example, the spindles of the reels can be secured to the nuts 23 of the embodiment shown in FIGS. 2-8 to undergo vertical displacement while the spindle of the reel associated with casing 9 is connected to plate 6 for transverse displacement.
The strip unwound from each reel passes between two wheels 75, one of which is driven by means of a transmission chain 76 which itself is driven via a vertical shaft 77 and bevel gearwheels 78. A cutting bar 79 is situated opposite fixed counter-blades 80 and 81 arranged at each side of the strip at the outlet side of the wheels 75 and is driven in rotational movement by means of a transverse shaft 82 carrying a bevel gearwheel 83 cooperating with a gearwheel 84 fixed to the vertical shaft 77. The cutting bar, 79, is mounted at the end of the shaft 82 so as to be driven by the latter such as to move in a circle facing the fixed counterblades 80 and 81. The cutting bar 79 is shaped as regards its thickness to permit, after the cutting of the desired length of strip material, the folding of the fiat reinforcing element to a right-angled form.
Turning now to FIGURES 11 and 12, the form of gripper illustrated for clamping and carrying along the strapping wire is in the formv of a flat member 85 having a recess in which a clamping lever 86 is pivotably mounted and subjected to the restoring force of a coil spring 87. This lever 86 forms a cam at its eccentric end to ensure the clamping of the wire L maintained by the bearing face 85 of the member. A nose 85 formed at one of the ends of the bearing face 85 ensures the guiding of the wire L while preventing its disengagement whatever the position of the gripper.
The supporting rollers 2 for the pack P can be utilized as driving rollers with any timing device permitting controlled and precise advancing movements of the said pack P. Moreover, the various mechanisms of the machine can be controlled by any compressed-air or hydraulic device. i
In FIGURES 15 and 16 there is illustrated a modified form of construction for guiding and vertically adjusting the upper casings of the machine of FIGURE 2. The upper casings 88 and 89 are supported vertically by c01- umns 90 arranged in pairs at the sides of the machine. These columns 90 slide in bearings 91 secured in uprights 92 which are fixed to the frame of the machine. At their upper ends, the columns 90 are connected transversely by straps 93 constituting guideways for wheels 94 carried by the transversely displaceable upper casing (see FIG. 23).
At their lower ends, the columns 90 are connected by members 95 to constitute a parallelepipedic assembly adapted for vertical sliding movement.
Along their lateral sides, the members 95 carry support plates 96 having at their central portions nuts 97 for co-operating with vertical screws 98. Bevel gearwheels 99 mounted at the lower ends of the screws 98 co-operate with wheels 100 fixed to a transverse shaft 101. This shaft is driven either manually or mechanical- 1y.
It will be understood that the driving of the transverse shaft 101 causes the simultaneous rotational movement of the vertical screws 98 and consequently the vertical displacement of the support plates 96. The columns 90 are thus displaced and the upper casings 88 and 89 are thus adjusted to the height of the pack. i I
The columns 90 freely guide lateral plates 102 through bearings 103 of which the columns 90 pass. The plates 102 are connected transversely by straps 104 which are adapted to bear on the pack P in order to keep it in position. The plates 102 are coupled to links 105 which are pivotably connected to pivoting levers 106. These latter are fixed to a control shaft 107 rotatably mounted in bearings 108 fixed on the support plates 96. The control shaft 107 has a lever 109 fast therewith which lever is driven by a hydraulic, pneumatic or other form of jack V.
It will be understood that the vertical displacement of the support plates 96 during the displacement of the upper casings 88 and 89 also causes the lateral plates 102, and consequently the straps 104, to be displaced to permit the passage of the pack P.
After positioning of the assembly, the jack V is actuated so that the straps 104 are displaced on the columns 90 to subject the pack P to pressure. Any of the previously described devices for folding the reinforcing elements on the packs can be employed in the arrangement shown in FIGS. 15 and 16.
Referring now to FIGURES 17 and 18, the endless chain C shown therein is adapted to carry the strapping wire L about the pack P and thus has the same function as the chain C of FIGURE 6. The chain C is guided at its lower portion by a set of pulleys to permit, inter alia, by means of successive changes of direction a vertical path comprised between two pulleys 110 and 111.
The chain C carries a gripper 112 for the entrainment of the wire L, and a finger 113 which co-operates with a dog 114 fast with a vertical slide 114 arranged adjacent the pulleys 110 and 111. This slide 114 is subject to the action of a coil spring 115 which urges the slide upwardly and the slide receives at its upper portion a gripper 116 which comes into the circuit of the wire L when the wire is entrained by the chain C. A wire twisting unit 117 (FIG. 18) is also arranged above the slide 114.
In use, the gripper 112 entrains the wire L and carries the wire from a supply around a pack P. After encircling the pack the gripper 112 reaches the position shown in FIGURE 17. Subsequently, the projecting finger 113 co-operates with the dog 114 and causes the slide 114 to be urged downwardly to the position illustrated in FIGURE 18.
This lowering of the slide 114 causes the withdrawal of its gripper 116 so as to permit the passage past the gripper 116 of the gripper 112.
As the wire L passes the griper 116 it is engaged by the gripper 116 and, after disengagement of the finger 113 from the dog 114 the vertical slide 114 is urged upwardly by the coil spring 115 to posit-ion the part of the wire L held by the gripper 116 adjacent gripper 117 of the twisting unit 117. The wire supply is so arranged that the other end of the loop of wire which encircles the pack is already adjacent the unit 117.
The wire L, which is immobilized and held by the gripper 116, is then twisted. During this operation, the chain C continues its travel and eventually the gripper 112 entrains the wire L once more and carries the wire about the pack P. I
In FIGURES 19 to 21 there is illustrated a further modified form of automatic device for ejecting and folding fiat reinforcing elements.
The casings 118 and 119 have at their front portion a vertical shaft 120 driven by an independent motor or by any other suitable means. This shaft 120 by means of toothed wheels 150 drives endless chains C and C which serve to eject fiat reinforcing elements T and T from the casings 118 and 119 respectively and position them along the corners of the pack P. Circular cams 121 and 122 are fixed to the shaft 120 and rollers carried by a pair of two-armed levers 123 and 124 bear on these cams.
The upper lever 123 is pivotally mounted on a pin 125 and carries at one end a transverse finger 126 which, before the folding of the element T, is disposed above the element T as indicated by broken lines.
It will be understood that the folding of the fiat reinforcing element T is eifected by the transverse finger 126 as the upper lever 123 is pivoted about the pin 125 by the cam 121. The fold is applied exactly to the edge of the pack P, forming a neat angle along the entire length of the said fiat reinforcing element T.
The lower lever 124 is pivotably mounted on a pin 127 and carries a roller 128 at one end.
A member 129 arranged belowthe pack P and fast with a plate 130 of the machine supports the flat reinforcing element T after it has been positioned below the pack P. The member 129 is in two parts which are pivotally connected together, one part 131 constituting a flap which carries a shaped projection 132 for co-operating with the roller 128.
It will be understood that swinging movement of the lower lever 124 causes, by means of shaped projection 132, the upward displacement of the flap 131 and consequently the folding of the lower flat reinforcing element T The upper flat reinforcing element T is held against the pack P, during folding, by means of a bearing element 133 fast with the straps 104.
A further form of device for compensating for the variations in the length of chain required to encircle the pack is illustrated in FIGURE 22. The automatic taking-up of the length of the chain C which encircles the pack P in accordance with the changes in thickness of the pack P is effectedautomatically on the one hand by means of a transverse guide screw 134 driven synchronously with the screw controlling the transversely displaceable casings, as described hereinbefore, and on the other hand, in the vertical sense, by a guide pulley 135 fixed on the section members connecting movable columns 136 supporting the casings 118 and 119. According to this arrangement, the adjustment of the distance between the lower and upper runs of the chain to correspond with the thickness of the pack P is obtained directly by vertical displacement of the columns 136 together with the casings 118, 119 so as to make the member 95 move therewith and cause guide pulley to be displaced and take up or pay out the chain such that the upper run C of the chain straddles the upper face of the pack P. The latter is firmly supported on the rollers of the machine.
It is proposed to provide the casings 118 and 119 with any mechanical means ensuring that they can be interchanged for replacement purposes.
It will be apparent that the various transmission chains can be replaced by belts.
Finally, it should also be noted that FIGURE 22 provides a tensioning device acting on the wire L after it is held by the gripper 117 of the twisting unit 117. This device includes an electromagnet 137 acting by means of links 138 on a roller 139 which co-operates with a further roller 140 having an opposite direction of rotation with respect to the normal travel of the wire L when being wound about the pack P.
I claim:
1. A packing machine comprising:
(a) a frame,
(b) a first lower casing fixed to said frame and adapted for containing reinforcing elements,
(c) a second lower casing adapted for containing reinforcing elements,
(d) first and second upper casings adapted for containing reinforcing elements, the first and second upper casings being above the first and second lower casings respectively,
|(e) screw means for displacing the second lower casing together with the second upper casing towards and away from the first upper and lower casings,
(f) means for synchronously displacing the upper casings vertically towards and away from the lower casings,
(g) horizontal rollers for supporting a pack of material, the rollers being rotatably mounted on said frame,
(h) a drive roller for contacting and displacing a pack of material across said horizontal rollers and between the first and second casings, the drive roller be ng rotatably carried by said upper casings and being vertically displaceable therewith,
(i) means for ejecting reinforcing elements from the upper and lower casings towards a pack between the casings,
(1) means for folding each ejected reinforcing element to a right angled form about an edge of the pack,
(k) guide wheels carried by said casings,
(1) an endless chain entrained around said guide wheels and having runs defining a loop the size of which varies with the relative positions of the casings and through which loop a succession of packs are propelled by said drive roller, the chain having runs in addition to the runs defining the loop, said chain being payed out from and taken up by the additional runs to compensate for variations in the length of the perimeter of the loop as a consequence of variations in the size of the loop,
(m) means for driving said chain, and
(n) means carried by the chain for engaging an elongated strapping element and for drawing the strapping element around said pack to form a tie around the pack with said reinforcing elements between the strapping element and the pack.
2. A packing machine according to claim 1 comprising means defining a transverse guideway supported on the frame beneath the casings, said screw means including a screw mounted in said transverse guideway and having a handwheel thereon, and a nut secured to said second lower casing and engaging said screw, and wheels on said second lower casing running on said guideway.
3. A packing machine according to claim 1, wherein said means for displacing the upper casings comprises a transverse shaft including worms and a handwheel rigid therewith, vertical shafts including worm wheels meshing with said worms, bearings for said vertical shafts carried by the lower casings, and nuts fixed to the upper casings and through which nuts the vertical shafts pass.
4. A packing machine according to claim 1, wherein each casing has a slot at the bottom thereof, the means for ejecting reinforcing elements from the casings including rotatable shafts and blades mounted on said shafts for rotation therewith, said blades passing through said slots to engage and eject elements from the casings, the means for folding reinforcing elements including transverse shafts rotatably mounted on the lower casings and bevel gearing on the shafts which carry the blades for driving the transverse shaft, and cams on the transverse shafts which contact and fold the reinforcing elements about the edges of the pack.
5. A packing machine according to claim 1, wherein the means carried by the chain for entraining an elongated strapping element comprises a base member having a bearing surface, a lever pivotably mounted on the base member and having a bearing surface, the pivotal mounting of the lever being about an eccentric point of the lever, spring means acting on said lever to urge the hearing surface of the lever towards the bearing surface of said member to grip the strapping element therebetween, and a projecting nose at one end of the bearing surface of the member for guiding and holding the strapping element.
6. A packing machine according to claim 1, and further comprising means guiding said chain to form a vertical run, a slide arranged adjacent said vertical run, a restoring spring acting on said slide, said gripper at one end of said slide for gripping the strapping element, and a finger carried by said chain for periodically displacing said slide against the action of said spring.
7. A packing machine according to claim 1, wherein the means for ejecting reinforcing elements comprises vertical shafts, toothed wheels driven by said shafts, endless chains driven by said wheels and each having a horizontal run beneath the associated casing, and a finger carried by each chain for engaging and ejecting a reinforcing element, the means for folding the ejected elements comprising pivotably mounted two-armed levers, cams driven by the vertical shafts and co-operating with one arm of each two-armed lever to pivot each lever, and the other arm of each lever including 'a folding element for folding said reinforcing elements about the pack.
8. A packing machine according to claim 1, wherein the means for folding the reinforcing elements comprises upper and lower two-armed levers each including a folding element, said folding element of the lower lever including a roller, and a moveable flap partially defining a channel and wherein the said roller acts on said flap which supports the lower reinforcing element after ejection from its casing to bring the flap to a position substantially at right angles to the remainder of the channel and produce the folded reinforcing element.
9. A packing machine comprising:
(a) a frame,
(b) means for propelling packs through the machine,
(c) reels forming a supply of reinforcing element material,
((1) vertical shafts,
(e) wheels driven from said vertical shafts for gripping and unwinding reinforcing element material from said reels,
(f) cutting and folding bars driven by said vertical shafts for cutting unwound reinforcing material into lengths and folding the same about the edge of a pack,
(g) guide wheels,
(h) an'endless chain entrained around the guide wheels and having runs defining a loop of variable size through which loop a succession of packs are propelled, the chain having runs in addition to those defining the loop and chain being payed out and taken up from these additional runs to compensate for variations in the length of the perimeter of the loop consequent on variations in the size of the loop,
(i) means for driving the chain, and
(j) means carried by the chain for entraining an elongated strapping element and for drawing the strapping element around said pack to form a tie around the pack with said reinforcing elements between the strapping element and the pack.
10. A packing machine comprising,
(a) a frame,
(b) means for containing a first lower supply of reinforcing material,
(c) means for containing a second lower supply of reinforcing material,
(d) means for containing first and second upper supplies of reinforcing material, the means for containing the first and second upper supplies being above the means for containing the first and second lo-wer supplies respectively,
(e) means for displacing the means containing the second lower supply together with the means containing the second upper supply towards and away from the means containing the first upper and lower supplies,
(f) means for simultaneously displacing the means containing the upper supplies up and down with respect respect to the means containing the lower supplies,
(g) means for propelling a series of packs between the means containing the first supplies and the means containing the second supplies,
(i) means for feeding reinforcing material from the means containing the supplies towards a pack between the means containing the first and second supplies,
(j) means for folding reinforcing material about the edges of the pack,
(k) an endless chain having runs defining a loop of variable size through which loop a succession of packs are propelled by the propelling means,
(1) means for driving the chain, and
(m) means carried by the chain for entraining an elongated strapping element and for drawing the strapping element around said pack to form a tie around the pack with the reinforcing material between the strapping element and the pack.
11, A packing machine according to claim 1, com prising a loaded pulley around which said chain passes for applying tension to the chain, and wherein the means for engaging and drawing an elongated strapping element comprises gripping means on the chain for engaging the strapping element, and guide wheels guiding the strapping element to the location at which it is engaged by said gripper.
12. A packing machine according to claim 1, wherein the means for ejecting the reinforcing elements from the casings comprises vertical drive shafts, gear wheel assemblies on said shafts, endless chains engaging the latter gear wheel assemblies for being driven thereby, each chain having a rectilinear run beneath the associated casing and including a finger for engaging a reinforcing element and ejecting the same from the casing, the means for folding the reinforcing elements comprising shafts driven by said vertical shafts, and fingers mounted on the latter driven shafts for engaging and folding the reinforcing elements, and leaf springs holding said reinforcing elernents which are ejected from the upper casings against the upper part of the casing.
13. A packing machine according to claim 1, comprising a guide pulley, said endless chain being passed around said guide pulley, a nut on which is mounted said guide pulley, a screw passing through said not and coupled to the screw means which serves to displace the second casings.
14. A packing machine according to claim 1, wherein the means for folding the reinforcing elements comprises upper and lower two-armed levers each including a folding element and wherein the folding element of the upper lever includes a transverse finger.
15. A packing machine according to claim 1, comprising a guide pulley, said endless chain being passed around said guide pulley, a nut on which is mounted said guide pulley, a screw passing through said nut and coupled to the screw means which serves to displace the second casings, and a further guide pulley which is vertically displaced with the upper casings, the endless chain being also passed around said further guide pulley.
16. A packing machine comprising a frame, a first lower casing fixed to said frame and adapted for containing reinforcing elements, a second lower casing adapted for containing reinforcing elements, first and second upper casings adapted for containing reinforcing elements, the
first and second upper casings being above the first and second lower casings respectively, screw means for displacing the second lower casing together with the second upper casing towards and away from the first upper and lower casings, means for synchronously displacing the upper casings vertically towards and away from the lower casings, horizontal rollers for supporting a pack of material, the rollers being rotatably mounted on said frame, means for ejecting reinforcing elements from the upper and lower casings towards a pack between the casings, means for folding each ejected reinforcing element to a right angled form about an edge of the pack, guide wheels carried by said casings, an endless chain entrained around said guide Wheels and having runs defining a loop the size of which varies with the relative positions of the casings and through which loop a succession of packs are propelled, the chain having runs in addition to the runs defining the loop, said chain being payed out from and taken up by the additional runs to compensate for variations in the length of the perimeter of the loop as a consequence of variations in the size of the loop, means for driving said chain, and means carried by the chain for engaging an elongated strapping element and for drawing the strapping element around said pack to form a. tie around the pack with said reinforcing elements between the strapping element and the pack, said machine further comprising vertical columns between which the pack is driven, cross members connecting the upper ends of the columns and forming guides for the second upper casing, support plates connecting the bottoms of the columns, a nut fixed to each support plate, a screw passing through each nut, means for rotating said screws to displace said support plates and the columns vertically, lateral plates freely slidable on said columns, a rotatable shaft mounted on said support plates, links secured with the shaft and connecting the shaft to said lateral plates, a jack connected to said shaft for rotating the shaft and drawing said links and the lateral plates downwardly, and struts connecting the lateral plates and bearing on a pack when the lateral plates are drawn downwardly.
References Cited by the Examiner WALTER A. SCHEEL, Primary Examiner.
BILLY J. WILHITE, Examiner.

Claims (1)

1. A PACKING MACHINE COMPRISING: (A) A FRAME, (B) A FIRST LOWER CASING FIXED TO SAID FRAME AND ADAPTED FOR CONTAINING REINFORCING ELEMENTS, (C) A SECOND LOWER CASING ADAPTED FOR CONTAINING REINFORCING ELEMENTS, (D: FIRST AND SECOND UPPER CASINGS ADAPTED FOR CONTAINING REINFORCING ELEMENTS, THE FIRST AND SECOND UPPER CASINGS BEING ABOVE THE FIRST AND SECOND LOWER CASINGS RESPECTIVELY, (E) SCREW MEANS FOR DISPLACING THE SECOND LOWER CASING TOGETHER WITH THE SECOND UPPER CASING TOWARDS AND AWAY FROM THE FIRST UPPER AND LOWER CASINGS, (F) MEANS FOR SYNCHRONOUSLY DISPLACING THE UPPER CASINGS VERTICALLY TOWARDS AND AWAY FROM THE LOWER CASINGS, (G) HORIZONTAL ROLLERS FOR SUPPORTING A PACK OF MATERIAL, THE ROLLERS BEING ROTATABLY MOUNTED ON SAID FRAME, (H) A DRIVE ROLLER FOR CONTACTING AND DISPLACING A PACK OF MATERIAL ACROSS SAID HORIZONTAL ROLLERS AND BETWEEN THE FIRST AND SECOND CASINGS, THE DRIVE ROLLER BEING ROTATABLY CARRIED BY SAID UPPER CASINGS AND BEING VERTICALLY DISPLACEABLE THEREWITH, (I) MEANS FOR EJECTING REINFORCING ELEMENTS FROM THE UPPER AND LOWER CASINGS TOWARDS A PACK BETWEEN THE CASINGS, (J) MEANS FOR FOLDING EACH EJECTED REINFORCING ELEMENT TO A RIGHT ANGLED FORM ABOUT AN EDGE OF THE PACK, (K) GUIDE WHEELS CARRIED BY SAID CASINGS, (L) AN ENDLESS CHAIN ENTRAINED AROUND SAID GUIDE WHEELS AND HAVING RUNS DEFINING A LOOP AND SIZE OF WHICH VARIES WITH THE RELATIVE POSITIONS OF THE CASINGS AND THROUGH WHICH LOOP A SUCCESSION OF PACKS ARE PROPELLED BY SAID DRIVE ROLLER, THE CHAIN HAVING RUNS IN ADDITION OF THE RUNS DEFINING THE LOOP, SAID CHAIN BEING PAYED OUT FROM AND TAKEN UP BY THE ADDITIONAL RUNS TO COMPENSATE FRO VARIATIONS IN THE LENGTH OF THE PERIMETER OF THE LOOP AS A CONSEQUENCE OF VARIATIONS IN THE SIZE OF THE LOOP, (M) MEANS FOR DRIVING SAID CHAIN, AND (N) MEANS CARRIED BY THE CHAIN FOR ENGAGING AN ELONGATED STRAPPING ELEMENT AND FOR DRAWING THE STRAPPING ELEMENT AROUND SAID PACK TO FORM A TIE AROUND THE PACK WITH SAID REINFORCING ELEMENTS BETWEEN THE STRAPPING ELEMENT AND THE PACK.
US35145364 1965-03-10 1964-03-12 Packing machines Expired - Lifetime US3271925A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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FR8647A FR1437504A (en) 1965-03-10 1965-03-10 Device facilitating the dispersion of ingredients in gums

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US53241566 Expired - Lifetime US3415912A (en) 1965-03-10 1966-03-07 Method for dispersing additives in rubbers

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DE (1) DE6606706U (en)
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US3735555A (en) * 1970-12-07 1973-05-29 Ovalstrapping Inc Apparatus for strapping loads
US3995409A (en) * 1975-05-02 1976-12-07 Fmc Corporation Strapping apparatus
US4578933A (en) * 1983-02-05 1986-04-01 Georg Lang Apparatus for strapping a cuboidal package
US4587791A (en) * 1984-12-24 1986-05-13 United States Steel Corporation Edge protector positioning apparatus
US4700530A (en) * 1984-06-13 1987-10-20 Dendro Maskin Dm Ab Method and device for placing edge protecting means at pressure-sensitive edges on objects
US5289668A (en) * 1992-12-10 1994-03-01 Meyer Brian T Edge protector delivery and positioning apparatus and method
US5546730A (en) * 1994-03-31 1996-08-20 Lantech, Inc. Method and apparatus for placing corner boards and stretch wrapping a load
US5564254A (en) * 1990-11-09 1996-10-15 Newtec International, S.A. Method, a machine and an installation for packaging a load provided with at least one edge-protecting angle strip; apparatus for grasping, displacing, depositioning and holding such an angle strip
US5596863A (en) * 1995-06-12 1997-01-28 Illinois Tool Works Inc. Method and apparatus for applying edge protectors
US6007469A (en) * 1996-05-01 1999-12-28 Pactiv Corporation Method for forming a honeycomb corner protector with self-locking panels
US6178721B1 (en) * 1999-03-04 2001-01-30 Illinois Tool Works Inc. Apparatus and method for placing corner protectors of different heights on palletized
US20030051439A1 (en) * 2001-08-24 2003-03-20 Lancaster Patrick R. Apparatus and method for applying cornerboards to a load
US20060168911A1 (en) * 2005-02-03 2006-08-03 Willamette Valley Company System and method for installing a protective covering onto a stack of work pieces
US20070176389A1 (en) * 2006-02-01 2007-08-02 Ford Global Technologies, Llc Articulated Step System for Automotive Vehicle
DE102012022297A1 (en) * 2012-11-14 2014-05-15 Itw Packaging Systems Group Gmbh Device for arranging edge protection unit between package and package strap, has edge protection unit provided with material weakening zone, which deforms strap for placing package edge along edge protection unit
EP2733077A1 (en) * 2012-11-14 2014-05-21 ITW Packaging Systems Group GmbH Device for assembly of a means of edge protection
US20160114918A1 (en) * 2014-10-24 2016-04-28 Spg Packaging Systems Gmbh Device and system for applying edge protectors on a strapped package
US20180237177A1 (en) * 2015-08-13 2018-08-23 Signode Industrial Group Llc Strapping apparatus for packages and strapping method
US10399718B2 (en) * 2017-01-03 2019-09-03 Primetals Technologies USA LLC Cardboard coil protector system
EP3760549A1 (en) * 2019-07-03 2021-01-06 Signode Industrial Group LLC Strapping device

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US3003296A (en) * 1959-03-20 1961-10-10 Acme Steel Co Brick packaging
US3095678A (en) * 1959-05-18 1963-07-02 Link Belt Co Article stacking and strapping machine
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Cited By (28)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3735555A (en) * 1970-12-07 1973-05-29 Ovalstrapping Inc Apparatus for strapping loads
US3995409A (en) * 1975-05-02 1976-12-07 Fmc Corporation Strapping apparatus
US4578933A (en) * 1983-02-05 1986-04-01 Georg Lang Apparatus for strapping a cuboidal package
US4700530A (en) * 1984-06-13 1987-10-20 Dendro Maskin Dm Ab Method and device for placing edge protecting means at pressure-sensitive edges on objects
US4587791A (en) * 1984-12-24 1986-05-13 United States Steel Corporation Edge protector positioning apparatus
US5564254A (en) * 1990-11-09 1996-10-15 Newtec International, S.A. Method, a machine and an installation for packaging a load provided with at least one edge-protecting angle strip; apparatus for grasping, displacing, depositioning and holding such an angle strip
US5289668A (en) * 1992-12-10 1994-03-01 Meyer Brian T Edge protector delivery and positioning apparatus and method
US5546730A (en) * 1994-03-31 1996-08-20 Lantech, Inc. Method and apparatus for placing corner boards and stretch wrapping a load
US5596863A (en) * 1995-06-12 1997-01-28 Illinois Tool Works Inc. Method and apparatus for applying edge protectors
US5619838A (en) * 1995-06-12 1997-04-15 Illinois Tool Works Inc. Method anf apparatus for applying edge protectors
AU690484B2 (en) * 1995-06-12 1998-04-23 Illinois Tool Works Inc. Method and apparatus for applying edge protectors
US6007469A (en) * 1996-05-01 1999-12-28 Pactiv Corporation Method for forming a honeycomb corner protector with self-locking panels
US6178721B1 (en) * 1999-03-04 2001-01-30 Illinois Tool Works Inc. Apparatus and method for placing corner protectors of different heights on palletized
US6990784B2 (en) * 2001-08-24 2006-01-31 Lantech.Com, Llc Apparatus and method for applying cornerboards to a load
US20030051439A1 (en) * 2001-08-24 2003-03-20 Lancaster Patrick R. Apparatus and method for applying cornerboards to a load
US6883293B2 (en) * 2001-08-24 2005-04-26 Lantech.Com, Llp Apparatus and method for applying cornerboards to a load
US20040128949A1 (en) * 2001-08-24 2004-07-08 Lantech.Com, Llc. Apparatus and method for applying cornerboards to a load
US20060168911A1 (en) * 2005-02-03 2006-08-03 Willamette Valley Company System and method for installing a protective covering onto a stack of work pieces
US20070051071A1 (en) * 2005-02-03 2007-03-08 Willamette Valley Company System and method for installing a protective covering onto a stack of work pieces
US20070176389A1 (en) * 2006-02-01 2007-08-02 Ford Global Technologies, Llc Articulated Step System for Automotive Vehicle
DE102012022297A1 (en) * 2012-11-14 2014-05-15 Itw Packaging Systems Group Gmbh Device for arranging edge protection unit between package and package strap, has edge protection unit provided with material weakening zone, which deforms strap for placing package edge along edge protection unit
EP2733077A1 (en) * 2012-11-14 2014-05-21 ITW Packaging Systems Group GmbH Device for assembly of a means of edge protection
US20160114918A1 (en) * 2014-10-24 2016-04-28 Spg Packaging Systems Gmbh Device and system for applying edge protectors on a strapped package
US10017283B2 (en) * 2014-10-24 2018-07-10 Signode Industrial Group Llc Device and system for applying edge protectors on a strapped package
US20180237177A1 (en) * 2015-08-13 2018-08-23 Signode Industrial Group Llc Strapping apparatus for packages and strapping method
US10926902B2 (en) * 2015-08-13 2021-02-23 Signode Industrial Group Llc Strapping apparatus for packages and strapping method
US10399718B2 (en) * 2017-01-03 2019-09-03 Primetals Technologies USA LLC Cardboard coil protector system
EP3760549A1 (en) * 2019-07-03 2021-01-06 Signode Industrial Group LLC Strapping device

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
GB1133123A (en) 1968-11-06
DE6606706U (en) 1970-11-26
FR1437504A (en) 1966-05-06
US3415912A (en) 1968-12-10

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