US3246362A - Door closer - Google Patents

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Publication number
US3246362A
US3246362A US167559A US16755962A US3246362A US 3246362 A US3246362 A US 3246362A US 167559 A US167559 A US 167559A US 16755962 A US16755962 A US 16755962A US 3246362 A US3246362 A US 3246362A
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door
cam
cylinder
piston
spindle
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US167559A
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Jackson Andrew
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JACKSON EXIT DEVICE CORP
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JACKSON EXIT DEVICE CORP
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05FDEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION; CHECKS FOR WINGS; WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05F3/00Closers or openers with braking devices, e.g. checks; Construction of pneumatic or liquid braking devices
    • E05F3/04Closers or openers with braking devices, e.g. checks; Construction of pneumatic or liquid braking devices with liquid piston brakes
    • E05F3/12Special devices controlling the circulation of the liquid, e.g. valve arrangement
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05FDEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION; CHECKS FOR WINGS; WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05F3/00Closers or openers with braking devices, e.g. checks; Construction of pneumatic or liquid braking devices
    • E05F3/04Closers or openers with braking devices, e.g. checks; Construction of pneumatic or liquid braking devices with liquid piston brakes
    • E05F3/10Closers or openers with braking devices, e.g. checks; Construction of pneumatic or liquid braking devices with liquid piston brakes with a spring, other than a torsion spring, and a piston, the axes of which are the same or lie in the same direction
    • E05F3/104Closers or openers with braking devices, e.g. checks; Construction of pneumatic or liquid braking devices with liquid piston brakes with a spring, other than a torsion spring, and a piston, the axes of which are the same or lie in the same direction with cam-and-slide transmission between driving shaft and piston within the closer housing
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05YINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO HINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS AND DEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION, CHECKS FOR WINGS AND WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05Y2201/00Constructional elements; Accessories therefore
    • E05Y2201/20Brakes; Disengaging means, e.g. clutches; Holders, e.g. locks; Stops; Accessories therefore
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05YINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO HINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS AND DEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION, CHECKS FOR WINGS AND WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05Y2201/00Constructional elements; Accessories therefore
    • E05Y2201/20Brakes; Disengaging means, e.g. clutches; Holders, e.g. locks; Stops; Accessories therefore
    • E05Y2201/252Brakes; Disengaging means, e.g. clutches; Holders, e.g. locks; Stops; Accessories therefore characterised by type of friction
    • E05Y2201/254Fluid or viscous friction
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05YINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO HINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS AND DEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION, CHECKS FOR WINGS AND WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05Y2201/00Constructional elements; Accessories therefore
    • E05Y2201/40Motors; Magnets; Springs; Weights; Accessories therefore
    • E05Y2201/43Motors
    • E05Y2201/448Fluid motors; Details thereof
    • E05Y2201/458Valves
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05YINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO HINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS AND DEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION, CHECKS FOR WINGS AND WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05Y2800/00Details, accessories and auxiliary operations not otherwise provided for
    • E05Y2800/26Form, shape
    • E05Y2800/298Form, shape having indentations
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05YINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO HINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS AND DEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION, CHECKS FOR WINGS AND WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05Y2900/00Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof
    • E05Y2900/10Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof for buildings or parts thereof
    • E05Y2900/13Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof for buildings or parts thereof characterised by the type of wing
    • E05Y2900/132Doors
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T16/00Miscellaneous hardware [e.g., bushing, carpet fastener, caster, door closer, panel hanger, attachable or adjunct handle, hinge, window sash balance, etc.]
    • Y10T16/27Checks and closers
    • Y10T16/276Liquid

Description

A. JACKSON A ril 19, 1966 DOOR CLOSER 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed Jan. 22, 1962 1 7N095 W JQGA S'OA/ I N VENTOR.

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107 7' @zQ/VEJG N QW RN QMV NWNMH April 1966 A. JACKSON 3,246,362

DOOR CLOSER Filed Jan. 22, 1962 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 fi/l/fiQEW JOCK $0M INVENTOR.

BY 70 70a 7 a United States Patent 3,246,362 DOOR CLOSER Andrew Jackson, Los Angeles, Calif., assignor to Jackson Exit Device Corporation, Los Angeles, Calif., a corporation of California Filed Jan. 22, 1962, Ser. No. 167,559 4 Claims. (Cl. 1651) novel door closer of simple and compact construction and adapted to be positioned and concealed in the header or overhead portion of the door frame.

Another object of this invention is to provide a door closer having novel valving means for controlling the closing and/ or latching speed of the door.

Still another object of this invention is to provide a door closer having a valve for controlling the checking speed of the door, said valve incorporating a novel safety feature which prevents adjustment of the valve to a point where the door would fail to close completely.

Other objects and advantages of this invention it is believed, will be readily apparent from the following detailed description of preferred embodiments thereof when read in connection with the accompanying drawings.

In the drawings:

FIGURE 1 is a bottom plan view of the closer of this invention; partly broken away, the parts of the closer being in the door-open position. I

FIGURE 2 is a sectional view taken substantially on the line 2-2 of FIGURE 1.

FIGURE 3 is a fragmentary sectional view, similar to FIGURE 1, but illustrating the closer parts in the door-closed position.

FIGURE 4 is a sectional view taken substantially on the line 4-4 of FIGURE 2.

FIGURE 5 is a sectional view taken substantially on the line 55 of FIGURE 4.

FIGURE 6 is a fragmentary sectional view, similar to FIGURE 2, but illustrating a modified form of the invention.

FIGURE 7 is a fragmentary sectional view, similar to FIGURE 5, but illustrating a modified form of the invention.

Briefly, the present invention consists of an improved door closer of the spring actuated, hydraulic dash pot type, having improved valving means for the hydraulic fluid for controlling the speed of closing of the door, either the initial closing speed or the final closing or latching speed, or both; having improved structure for operation of the pivot or spindle member; and having novel interconnecting means between the spring or springs and the pivot member, the closer parts being so designed and arranged as to provide a simple and compact structure.

Referring now to the drawings, the closer of the present invention as shown in FIGURES 1 through 5 is generally designated 10 and has a housing formed of top and bottom walls 13 and 14, side walls 15, an end wall 16, the other end wall being provided by a pair of plug members 17. The entire hollow portion within the housing forms a reservoir for a supply of oil (not shown) or other hydraulic fluid. A central partition 18 extends partially in from one end, the partition and the side walls forming a pair of hollow cylinders 19 for a pair of pistons 20.

The bottom wall 14 is provided with a threaded open- 3,246,362 Patented Apr. 19, 1866 ing in which is engaged a threaded cover plate 21, the plate having a boss 22 with a central opening 23. Extending through the opening is the spindle or door pivot member 24, this member having a non-circular end portion 24a for attachment to a door such as for reception in a non-circular hole in a door hinge arm (not shown). The'mernber 24 also includes cylindrical portion 25 journaled in the ball bearing 26, a pair of shoulder or collar portions 27 and 23, and an end cylindrical portion 29 journaled in the ball bearing 30. An annular oil seal 39 is provided around the portion 25.

The closer is provided with a pair of coil springs 31, one end of each bearing against one of a pair of internal wall portions 32, the other end bearing against one of the pistons 20. Means are provided for operably connecting the springs to the spindle member 24 and as shown in the drawings, these means may include a pair of spaced plate members 35 and 36, each provided with a slot 37, 38 within each of which is received the appropriate one of the shoulders 27 and 28. A piston rod 40 is connected at one end to each of the pistons 20 by means of a pin 41. The other ends of the rods 40 are secured to the plates 35 and 36 by means of pins 42. The plates 35 and 36 are further spaced apart by means of three cam follower rollers 43, 44 and 45 mounted for rotation on the respective shafts 48, 49 and 50. A cam 51 is carried on the spindle member 24 between the shoulder portions 27 and 28, the cam having a cam surface '52 with a pair of hold-open recesses 53 and a pair of hold-closed recesses 54.

Valve means are provided for the hydraulic fluid and as shown in the drawings, these means may include a ball valve member 58 positioned to close against a valve seat 59 formed in one of the portions 20 between a central bore 60 and enlarged counterbore 61, a pin 62 preventing dislodgernent of the ball from the counter-bore. The initial closing speed of the door is controlled by means of a valve formed by one of the pistons 20 operating in conjunction with a tapered groove 65 formed in the surface of one of the cylinders 19. Control of the final closing or latching speed of the door is accomplished by means of a control valve 7 i), which includes a valve stem 71 threadedly connected to the partition 18 and extending into a bore 75 formed therein. The inner end of the stem 71 is of reduced diameter, having a groove 76 formed therein, the groove being V-shaped, both in plan view and in radial section. The reduced diameter end of the valve stem extends into a reduced diameter counter-bore '78, which bore in turn communicates with a bore 79 leading to the hydraulic fluid reservoir. A pair of ports 80 lead from the bore 75 into the interior of the cylinders 19. As will be noted that there is a slight clearance between the valve stem and the bore 75, for a purpose to be explained below.

In installation and use of the closer 10, it is rigidly mounted in the door frame, preferably in a concealed position in the header or overhead portion of the frame. The non-circular portion 24a of the spindle member 24 is connected to the door to form one of the door pivots and to be turned by opening and closing of the door, such as by inserting it in a mating non-circular hinge arm (not shown) which is carried on the door, in a manner familiar to those skilled in the art. The door, shown in phantom lines in FIGURE 1, is in the full open position in this figure. In this position it will be noted that the cam follower 44 is seated in the hold-open recess 53 and, by virtue of the forces exerted by the springs 31 in a direction to tend to move the pistons 20 and hence the plate members 35 and 36 and the follower 44 to the right as seen in FIGURE 1, the follower 44 is caused to bear firmly against the cam surface defining the recess 53,

thus holding the door in the full open position. It will be noted that the recess 53 is located on a portion of the cam surface having an over center relationship with respect to the pivotal motion of the cam and that because of this location, additional compression of spring 31 with resultant axial movement of follower 44 is required to unseat the follower from its hold-open position. It will be understood that for swinging doors, the cam follower 43 engages in the other recess 53 to hold the door open in the other position.

The door is easily closed by swinging it manually against the spring tension, to clear the cam follower out of the recess, whereupon the energy stored in the springs during opening of the door (described below) is released to move the pistons and the connected plate members 35 and 36 to the right as seen in FIGURE 1. Thus, the cam follower roller 44 bears against the cam surface 52, rotating the cam 51 and its associated spindle member 24, forcing the door toward the closed position. At the same time, the movement of the pistons 20 to the right places the oil in the cylinders 19 under pressure, the oil in turn forcing the ball 58 onto its seat 59. The oil in the cylinders 19 can then move out into the main portion of the oil reservoir only through the groove 65, the speed of such flow and hence the speed of closing of the door being governed primarily by the dimensions of the groove 65. As the piston 20 moves to the right, it gradually cuts off the flow of oil through the groove 65, until the end of the groove is completely covered by the piston, whereupon the latching speed valve '70 comes into play and controls the speed of the continued flow of oil from the cylinders 19 through the valve 70 into the bore 79 and hence into the main oil reservoir, depending upon the adjustment of the valve.

It will be noted that even if the valve 70 is inadvertently fully closed, as by turning the valve stem 71 all the way in, a small flow of oil will still pass through the valve 70, that is, through the ports 80 from the cylinders 19 and into the main oil reservoir via the clearance between the valve stem and bore 75, the groove 76 and the ports 78 and 79. Thus, even though the valve 70 is not properly adjusted, there will be some flow of oil to permit complete closing and latching of the door. The valve is adapted to be adjusted to vary this latching speed, which is generally desired to be slower than the initial closing speed, such adjustment merely comprising turning the valve stem 71 until the desired volume of the groove 76 is in communication with the ports 80.

During opening of the door, the above-described sequence of operation is virtually reversed. Thus, as the door is manually opened, the parts move from the position shown in FIGURE 3 to that shown in FIGURES '1 and 2, the pistons 20 moving to the left as seen onthese latter figures. During this movement, oil flows from the main reservoir through the port 60, forcing the ball 58 off its seat, so that a portion of the oil in the main reservoir can be displaced back into the cylinders 19. Also during this opening of the door, the springs 31 are compressed, storing up energy to be expended during the closing operation.

A modified form of closer 10a is illustrated in FIG- URES 6 and 7. This embodiment of the invention is substantially the same as described above, including piston rods a, pistons 20a, cylinders 19a, partition 18a, valve 70a, port 79a, and ports 80a, but here the V-shaped groove 65 is replaced by a valve 700, which provides adjustment of the initial closing speed. The construction and operation of the 'valve 70c and its associated ports is identical to that of 70 and 70a, the valve having a stem 710 working in a bore 750, the reduced end of the valve stem having a V-groove 76c, ports 800 being provided for passage of oil therethrough and through the bore 78c to the bore 79a, in the manner described above.

Having fully described my invention, it is to be understood that I do not wish to be limited to the details set forth, but my invention is of the full scope of the appended claims.

I claim:

1. A door closer comprising the combination of a housing forming a reservoir for hydraulic fluid, a spindle member rotatably mounted in said housing and providing a means of attachment of said closer to a door, a cylinder formed interiorly of said housing and forming an auxiliary reservoir, a piston operable in said cylinder and having a piston rod, means interconnecting said piston and said spindle member for rotation of said spindle memiber upon movement of said piston in said cylinder including a cam follower carried by said piston rod and a cam carried on said spindle member, said cam having a cam surface engageable by said cam follower and said cam surface having a hold-open recess therein, said recess being positioned on a portion of the cam surface having an over center relationship with respect to the pivotal motion of the cam, spring means adapted to be compressed upon rotation of said spindle member in a door-opening direction and requiring additional compression of said spring to unseat said cam follower from the said hold-open recess in said cam surface, said spring means being operably connected to said piston to move the same forwardly into said cylinder upon closing of said door, valve means for permitting a main flow of fluid from said reservoir to said cylinder upon opening movement of the door and shutting off the main flow of fluid in the reverse direction from said cylinder to said reservoir during such forward movement of said piston, means permitting a restricted flow of fluid from said cylinder to the reservoir during such forward movement, and means for adjusting said restricted flow during the final portion of such forward movement, said last-named means comprising a valve including means preventing full shutting off of the flow of fluid through said valve.

2. The apparatus of claim 1 wherein a pair of cam followers is provided, one operable for each direction of opening of said door.

3. A door closer comprising the combination of a housing forming a reservoir for hydraulic fluid, a spindle member rotatably mounted in said housing and providing a means of attachment of said closer to a door, a cylinder formed interiorly of said housing and forming an auxiliary reservoir, a piston operable in said cylinder, means interconnecting said piston and said spindle member for rotation of said spindle member upon movement of said piston in said cylinder, spring means adapted to be compressed upon rotation of said spindle member in a dooropening direction, said spring means being operably connected'to said piston to move the same forwardly into said cylinder upon closing of said door, valve means for permitting a'main flow of fluid from said reservoir to said cylinder upon opening movement of the door and shutting oif the main flow of fluid in the reverse direction from said cylinder to said reservoir during such forward movement of said piston, means permitting a restricted flow of fluid from said cylinder to the reservoir during such forward movement including an axially extending tapered groove formed in the cylinder wall, and means for adjusting said restricted flow during the final portion of such forward movement, said last-named means comprising a valve including means preventing full shutting off of the flow of fluid through said valve.

4. A door closer comprising the combination of a housting forming a reservoir for hydraulic fluid, a spindle member rotatably mounted in said housing and providing a means of attachment of said closer to a door, a cylinder formed interiorly of said housing and forming an auxiliary reservoir, a piston operable in said cylinder, means interconnecting said piston and said spindle member for rotation of said spindle member upon movement of said piston in said cylinder, spring means adapted to be compressed upon rotation of said spindle member in a door-opening direction, said spring means being operably connected to said piston to move the same forwardly into said cylinder upon closing of said door, valve means for permitting a main flow of fluid from said reservoir to said cylinder upon opening movement of the door and shutting off the main fiow of fluid in the reverse direction from said cylinder to said reservoir during such forward movement of said piston, means permitting a restricted flow of fluid from said cylinder to the reservoir during such forward movement, and means for adjusting said restricted flow during the final portion of such forward movement, said last-named means comprising a valve having a valve stem With a V,-shaped groove therein operable to pass fluid therethrough and said valve stem is received in a bore, a port leading from said cylinder to said bore, a second bore leading from said firstb-ore to said reservoir, and a clearance space provided between said valve stem and said first bore for preventing full shutting 011 of the flow of fiuid through said valve.

References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS Norton 1662 Lonbom et a1 1655 Norton 16-56 Bommer 1655 Brady M 1652 Rollason 16-55 Ferguson 16-56 Carlson 16-55 Carlson 16--55 Pittenger 1655 X FOREIGN PATENTS JOSEPH D. SE'ERS, Primary Examiner.

DONLEY J. STOCKING, Examiner.

Claims (1)

1. A DOOR CLOSER COMPRISING THE COMBINATION OF A HOUSING FORMING A RESERVOIR FOR HYDRAULIC FLUID, A SPINDLE MEMBER ROTATABLY MOUNTED IN SAID HOUSING AND PROVIDING A MEANS OF ATTACHMENT OF SAID CLOSER TO A DOOR, A CYLINDER FORMED INTERIORLY OF SAID HOUSING AND FORMING AN AUXILIARY RESERVOIR, A PISTON OPERABLE IN SAID CYLINDER AND HAVING A PISTON ROD, MEANS INTERCONNECTING SAID PISTON AND SAID SPINDLE MEMBER FOR ROTATION OF SAID SPINDLE MEMBER UPON MOVEMENT OF SAID PISTON IN SAID CYLINDER INCLUDING A CAM FOLLOWER CARRIED BY SAID PISTON ROD AND A CAM CARRIED ON SAID SPINDLE MEMBER, SAID CAM HAVING A CAM SURFACE ENGAGEABLE BY SAID CAM FOLLOWER AND SAID CAM SURFACE HAVING A HOLD-OPEN RECESS THEREIN, SAID RECESS BEING POSITIONED ON A PORTION OF THE CAM SURFACE HAVING AN OVER CENTER RELATIONSHIP WITH RESPECT TO THE PIVOTAL MOTION OF THE CAM, SPRING MEANS ADAPTED TO BE COMPRESSED UPON ROTATION OF SAID SPINDLE MEMBER IN A DOOR-OPENING DIRECTION AND REQUIRING ADDITIONAL COMPRESSION OF SAID SPRING TO UNSEAT SAID CAM FOLLOWER FROM THE SAID HOLD-OPEN RECESS IN SAID CAM SURFACE, SAID SPRING MEANS BEING OPERABLY CONNECTED TO SAID PISTON TO MOVE THE SAME FORWARDLY INTO SAID CYLINDER UPON CLOSING OF SAID DOOR, VALVE MEANS FOR PERMITTING A MAIN FLOW OF FLUID FROM SAID RESERVOIR TO SAID CYLINDER UPON OPENING MOVEMENT OF THE DOOR AND SHUTTING OFF THE MAIN FLOW OF FLUID IN THE REVERSE DIRECTION FROM SAID CYLINDER TO SAID RESERVOIR DURING SUCH FORWARD MOVEMENT OF SAID PISTON, MEANS PERMITTING A RESTRICTED FLOW OF FLUID FROM SAID CYLINDER TO THE RESERVOIR DURING SUCH FORWARD MOVEMENT, AND MEANS FOR ADJUSTING SAID RESTRICTED FLOW DURING THE FINAL PORTION OF SUCH FORWARD MOVEMENT, SAID LAST-NAMED MEANS COMPRISING A VALVE INCLUDING MEANS PREVENTING FULL SHUTTING OFF OF THE FLOW OF FLUID THROUGH SAID VALVE.
US167559A 1962-01-22 1962-01-22 Door closer Expired - Lifetime US3246362A (en)

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Cited By (32)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3545030A (en) * 1967-11-03 1970-12-08 Dor O Matic G B Ltd Door closer devices
DE1784547A1 (en) * 1968-08-17 1971-09-09 Doerken & Mankel Kg Selbsttaetiger door closers
US3675270A (en) * 1968-08-17 1972-07-11 Doerken & Mankel Kg Closing device for doors and analogous structural elements
US4064589A (en) * 1976-03-18 1977-12-27 Builders Brass Works Door closer
US4349939A (en) * 1979-06-15 1982-09-21 Dorma-Baubeschlag Gmbh & Co. Kg Automatic door closer
EP0298231A1 (en) * 1987-07-06 1989-01-11 Thomas Industries, Inc. Door closer
EP0787877A1 (en) 1996-01-31 1997-08-06 Jackson Corporation Adjustable power closure
US5829097A (en) * 1996-05-24 1998-11-03 Jackson Corporation Hold open control for a door closer
US6260236B1 (en) * 1998-10-30 2001-07-17 Jackson Corp. Door closer with hydraulic back checking
US6397430B1 (en) * 2000-03-06 2002-06-04 Jackson Corporation Adjustable hydraulic backcheck door closer
US20030093872A1 (en) * 2001-10-10 2003-05-22 Jebron Limited Door closer
US20040088822A1 (en) * 2001-10-16 2004-05-13 Heng Kuo Co., Ltd. Hydraulic door closer
US20050011040A1 (en) * 2003-07-18 2005-01-20 Brown Peter Edward Door closer power adjusting device
US20060021189A1 (en) * 2004-07-30 2006-02-02 Johnson Loring M Door closer
US20080034535A1 (en) * 2006-07-20 2008-02-14 Chi-Tsao Chiang Door closer
US20080127452A1 (en) * 2006-12-01 2008-06-05 Jackson B Stewart Floor hinge assembly
US20090093913A1 (en) * 2007-04-24 2009-04-09 Copeland Ii David James Door closer assembly
US20090139146A1 (en) * 2004-06-30 2009-06-04 Yale Security Inc. Door operator
US20100064472A1 (en) * 2007-01-12 2010-03-18 Dorma Gmbh + Co.Kg Door Closer
US20110227746A1 (en) * 2010-03-17 2011-09-22 Yale Security Inc. Door control apparatus
US20120117755A1 (en) * 2009-07-24 2012-05-17 Dorma Gmbh + Co. Kg Door Closer
WO2012095090A1 (en) * 2011-01-14 2012-07-19 Dorma Gmbh + Co. Kg Attachment for swing door actuator
US8415902B2 (en) 2010-04-16 2013-04-09 Yale Security Inc. Door closer with calibration mode
US8527101B2 (en) 2010-04-16 2013-09-03 Yale Security Inc. Door closer assembly
US8547046B2 (en) 2010-04-16 2013-10-01 Yale Security Inc. Door closer with self-powered control unit
US8564235B2 (en) 2010-04-16 2013-10-22 Yale Security Inc. Self-adjusting door closer
US8773237B2 (en) 2010-04-16 2014-07-08 Yale Security Inc. Door closer with teach mode
US8779713B2 (en) 2010-04-16 2014-07-15 Yale Security Inc. Door closer with dynamically adjustable latch region parameters
US20150074941A1 (en) * 2012-04-09 2015-03-19 Hyundai Best Metal Co., Ltd. Door hinge device
US20150128379A1 (en) * 2013-11-13 2015-05-14 Dorma Deutschland Gmbh Overhead door closer
US9714534B1 (en) * 2016-08-01 2017-07-25 International Door Closers, Inc. Door closer
USD858253S1 (en) 2016-10-18 2019-09-03 International Door Closers, Inc. Door closer

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US1152339A (en) * 1915-06-21 1915-08-31 Norton Door Check Company Door-check.
US1177642A (en) * 1915-04-01 1916-04-04 Axel H Lonbom Door-check.
US1833121A (en) * 1926-08-28 1931-11-24 Norton Lasier Company Control means for door closers
US1859763A (en) * 1930-04-17 1932-05-24 Bommer Emil Door check and closer
US1939200A (en) * 1931-03-21 1933-12-12 Brady Thomas Doorcloser and electric interlock
GB512126A (en) * 1939-02-07 1939-08-29 Walter Rowley Ltd Improvements in door closing and checking appliances
US2467597A (en) * 1946-01-11 1949-04-19 Newman William & Sons Ltd Fluid check device for doors
US2673367A (en) * 1951-03-08 1954-03-30 Stanley Works Door check
US2700175A (en) * 1952-02-18 1955-01-25 George W Houlsby Jr Door closer mechanism
FR1122535A (en) * 1954-05-07 1956-09-10 Ver Baubeschlag Gretsch Co A door closing
US2933755A (en) * 1956-05-23 1960-04-26 George W Houlsby Jr Door control device
US3021556A (en) * 1959-05-15 1962-02-20 Shelby Spring Hinge Company Double acting door closer

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US1177642A (en) * 1915-04-01 1916-04-04 Axel H Lonbom Door-check.
US1152339A (en) * 1915-06-21 1915-08-31 Norton Door Check Company Door-check.
US1833121A (en) * 1926-08-28 1931-11-24 Norton Lasier Company Control means for door closers
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JP2015517041A (en) * 2012-04-09 2015-06-18 ヒュンダイ ベスト メタル カンパニ リミテッド Hinge device for door
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