US3206884A - Adjustable trigger shoe - Google Patents

Adjustable trigger shoe Download PDF

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Publication number
US3206884A
US3206884A US358826A US35882664A US3206884A US 3206884 A US3206884 A US 3206884A US 358826 A US358826 A US 358826A US 35882664 A US35882664 A US 35882664A US 3206884 A US3206884 A US 3206884A
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trigger
shoe
firearm
receiver
guard
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US358826A
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Vinson C Purvis
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Vinson C Purvis
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41AFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS COMMON TO BOTH SMALLARMS AND ORDNANCE, e.g. CANNONS; MOUNTINGS FOR SMALLARMS OR ORDNANCE
    • F41A19/00Firing or trigger mechanisms; Cocking mechanisms
    • F41A19/06Mechanical firing mechanisms, e.g. counterrecoil firing, recoil actuated firing mechanisms
    • F41A19/16Adjustable firing mechanisms; Trigger mechanisms with adjustable trigger pull

Description

p 21, 5 v. c. PURVIS 3,206,884

ADJUSTABLE TRIGGER SHOE Filed April 10, 1964 INVENTOR V/A/50/l/ c". PM? W5 BY ,GM/VM United States Patent 3,206,884 ADJUSTABLE TRIGGER SHSE Vinson C. Purvis, P.0. Box 6792, Stanton, Calif. Filed Apr. 10, 1964, Ser. No. 358,826 7 Claims. (Cl. 42-69) My present invention relates to a firearm trigger mechanism, and more particularly relates to a trigger attachment for providing trigger adjustability which can be installed on a trigger of the firearm without dismantling the trigger assembly or firearm.

The accuracy of firearms equipped with double action trigger mechanisms is diminished by both trigger slack, the distance the trigger travels before it contacts the receiver and trigger travel, the distance the trigger travels in lowering the sear to release the cocking piece. Backlash, the distance the trigger travels after firing can also reduce the accuracy of a shot. Heretofore, it has been proposed to reduce the trigger slack by providing an attachment to the trigger which engages the sear or another member of the trigger assembly and which attachment holds the trigger cam into engagement with the receiver and in some cases exerting a force on the trigger to partially lower the sear and thereby reduce trigger travel. Such an attachment is shown in the Hoard Patent No. 2,549,904. These prior art trigger adjusting means, however, require disassembly of the trigger mechanism of the firearm to permit attachment of the adjusting means to the trigger, or the replacement of the trigger with a modified trigger. The prior art adjusting means were usually attached to a member of the trigger assembly by welding which presents additional problems inherent in repairing a tempered metal precision instrument by welding. In addition, the prior art trigger adjusting means generally required removal of the trigger mechanism for adjustment of the trigger adjustment which normally results in changing the point of impact of the bullet on the target unless the same exact tension can be put on the guard screws when they are replaced as the firearm is reassembled. Consequently, consistent accuracy with such prior art devices was very difficult to obtain.

It is, therefore, an object of my present invention to provide a readily installable device for firearm trigger adjustability.

It is also an object of my present invention to provide a firearm device which will permit adjustment of the trigger without dismantling the trigger assembly or removal of the trigger assembly from the firearm.

It is also an object of my present invention to provide a trigger shoe equipped with trigger adjusting means for removing trigger slack and trigger travel.

Other objects and a more complete understanding of my present invention will become apparent by reference to the following specification and the appended claims when taken in conjunction with the drawings, wherein:

FIG. 1 shows in partial section, a double action trigger mechanism with a device embodying my present invention attached thereto;

FIG. 2 shows an enlarged elevational rear view of the trigger shoe attached to the finger piece of FIG. 1;

FIG. 3 shows an elevational view of a firearm trigger guard and finger piece with a modified form of my present invention attached thereto;

FIG. 4 shows, in elevation, a modification of the adjustable trigger shoe of my present invention;

FIG. 5 shows a rear view of the modified trigger shoe shown in FIG. 4.

With reference to the drawings generally, FIG. 1 shows an embodiment of my present invention installed on a trigger mechanism within a firearm trigger guard 12. The device shown is a trigger shoe modified accord- Patented Sept. 21, 1965 ing to the present invention to provide adjustability for the trigger 16. When the trigger shoe is attached to the finger piece 19, adjusting means are provided which engage this trigger shoe and bear against the body portion or" the firearm, that is, against any accessible portion of the firearm other than the trigger, for example the receiver assembly bottom or the forward portion of the trigger guard. Trigger shoes are conventionally employed for attachment to trigger finger piece to give the sensation of a lighter pull. The shoes are made in variout sizes and shapes so that the shoes may be connected to the finger piece while the finger piece fits snugly into a grooved portion 17 as best shown in FIG. 2.

Trigger slack and trigger travel are more pronounced in trigger mechanisms wherein the double action principle is utilized, as shown in FIG. 1. In a typical double action trigger mechanism such as the Mauser trigger mechanism shown in FIG. 1, where the trigger is pivoted on a trigger pin 38 to which sear 22 is connected, pulling the trigger 16 causes the trigger cam 20 to contact receiver 18 as the trigger slack is taken up. Further pull on the trigger with the cam bearing against receiver 18, forces trigger pin 38 and consequently sear 22, downwardly so that the sear lug 24 moves downward to release the cocking piece lug 26 whereby the spring biased cocking piece 34 is urged forward to force the striker assembly and firing pin 30 into the firing chamber (not shown) of the firearm to ignite a cartridge. The striker assembly travel and hence the amount of penetration of the firing pin 30 into the cartridge, is controlled by the engagement of the cocking piece lug 26 with the receiver stop 32. The trigger mechanism is cocked by retracting the cocking piece 34 so that the cocking piece lug 26 is positioned behind the sear lug 24. The sear is pivoted on sear pin 23 whereby the sear lug 24 on one end of the sear is forced upwardly or loaded by coil spring 36 on the other end of the sear. Thus the sear lug 24 is urged upward into engagement with the cocking piece lug.

Trigger slack is the movement that the trigger makes between its normal rest position, shown in phantom line, and the position shown in solid line where the trigger cam 20 first engages the receiver 18. Trigger travel is the distance the trigger moves between its initial engagement of the cam 20 with the receiver, and the position of the trigger when the sear lug 24 is forced downwardly until it is out of engagement with the cocking piece lug. Backlash is the distance the trigger finger piece 19 travels after releasing the cocking piece lug when the trigger either touches the trigger guard or the front portion of the sear engages the floor of the receiver.

In the embodiment of my present invention shown in FIG. 1, a modified trigger shoe 14 having a forwardly extending portion 40 is attached to the trigger finger piece 18 within the trigger guard as shown, in any convenient manner as with set screws 42. An adjusting screw 44 is positioned in the forwardly extending portion 40 of the trigger shoe so that the upper end of the adjusting screw 44 engages the bottom or lower surface 46 of the receiver assembly. When screw 44 is screwed through, rearward movement of the trigger is effected so that trigger slack and the trigger travel is reduced.

A second adjusting screw 48 may be inserted through the finger portion 15 of the trigger shoe to provide an adjustable means for reducing backlash, as the screw 48 is aligned so that as the trigger is pulled rearwardly, the end 49 of screw 48 will engage the trigger guard 12. The screws 44 and 48 may be locked with a set screw or have threads of the type which do not loosen easily, such as progressive threads or tight threads, both of which are well-known to those skilled in the art.

A modification of my present device shown in FIG. 3

permits installation of a device embodying my present invention on a pistol or other firearm having a relatively small trigger guard. In this device the trigger slack and travel adjustment screw 45 bears against the trigger guard 13 as shown rather than against the magazine floor. The trigger shoe 54 is modified as shown to fit the trigger guard '13.

Another modification of my present device is shown in FIG. 4 wherein a rod member 50 is slidably engaged within the trigger shoe and the forward end of the rod member 50 is adapted to engage either the receiver assembly bottom 46 or the forward portion 56 of the trigger guard. The position of the rod may be secured within the trigger shoe with a set screw 52 to lock the rod in the position desired where trigger slack and travel are removed.

Although my present invention has been described with respect to several specific embodiments thereof with a certain degree of particularity, it is to be understood that my invention is of the full scope of the appended claims and should not be limited to the details set forth above.

I claim:

1. A firearm apparatus, comprising in combination:

a receiver,

a trigger mechanism, said trigger mechanism including a trigger having a finger piece,

a trigger guard,

a trigger shoe attachable to said finger piece, and

means adjustably attached to said trigger shoe for engaging said receiver to reduce trigger slack.

2. The apparatus of claim 1 including adjustable means on said shoe engaging the rear inside surface of said trigger guard to reduce trigger backlash.

3. A firearm apparatus, comprising in combination:

a receiver,

a trigger mechanism, said trigger mechanism including a trigger having a finger piece,

a trigger guard,

a trigger shoe attachable to said finger piece and having a forwardly extending portion,

a first adjustable means on said forwardly extending portion engaging said receiver to reduce trigger slack, and

a second adjustable means on said shoe engaging the rear inside surface of said trigger guard to reduce trigger backlash.

4. A firearm apparatus, comprising in combination:

a receiver,

a trigger mechanism, said trigger mechanism including a trigger having a finger piece,

a trigger guard,

a trigger shoe attachable to said finger piece, and

rod means adjustably connected to said trigger shoe and extending forwardly therefrom, the forwardly extending end of said rod engaging said receiver to reduce trigger slack.

5. A trigger shoe comprising:

a body member having a longitudinally extending groove in the rear surface of said body portion, means attached to said body member extending forwardly therefrom,

said means including an adjustable upwardly extending member for reducing trigger slack, and

a second adjustable means on said body member for reducing trigger backlash.

6. A trigger shoe comprising:

a body member having a longitudinally extending groove in the rear surface of said body member, said body member having a forwardly extending portion, and

adjustable means on said forwardly extending portion for reducing trigger slack.

7. A trigger shoe comprising:

a body member having a longitudinally extending groove in the rear surface of said body member, and

rod means adjustably connected to said body member and extending forwardly therefrom for reducing trigger slack.

References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,011,154 12/11 Cahill 4269 1,285,885 11/18 Younger 4269 2,249,231 7/41 Smith 4269 2,375,721 5/45 Woodhull. 2,549,904 4/ 51 Hoard 4269 2,959,107 11/60 Sturtevant 4269 X 3,142,926 8/64 Morrow 4269 OTHER REFERENCES German application 1,014,463, printed August 22, 1957, 426905.

SAMUEL FEINBERG, Primary Examiner.

BENJAMIN A. BORCHELT, Examiner.

Claims (1)

1. A FIREARM APPARATUS, COMPRISING IN COMBINATION: A RECEIVER, A TRIGGER MECHANISM, SAID TRIGGER MECHANISM INCLUDING A TRIGGER HAVING A FINGER PIECE, A TRIGGER GUARD,
US358826A 1964-04-10 1964-04-10 Adjustable trigger shoe Expired - Lifetime US3206884A (en)

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Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3757634A (en) * 1969-07-21 1973-09-11 J Uria Repeating pistol
US4005540A (en) * 1975-08-27 1977-02-01 Kanematsu-Gosho (U.S.A.), Inc. Gun trigger mechanism
US5018292A (en) * 1990-01-02 1991-05-28 West Dennis E Linkage assembly for trigger/sear assemblies
US20060207149A1 (en) * 2005-03-19 2006-09-21 Lazor Ernest R Adjustable and removable trigger
US8549781B2 (en) * 2008-02-19 2013-10-08 Alex Zamlinsky Trigger extension apparatus and system and method therefor
US9015981B2 (en) 2013-06-10 2015-04-28 Aleksey Zamlinsky Bullpup stock kit for a rifle
US9052149B2 (en) 2012-09-04 2015-06-09 Terrence Dwight Bender Trigger with adjustable shoe
US9175917B2 (en) 2013-12-03 2015-11-03 Terrence Dwight Bender Trigger with cam
US10006733B2 (en) 2014-10-22 2018-06-26 In Ovation Llc Non-fouling trigger
US20190041150A1 (en) * 2017-08-07 2019-02-07 Cor34, LLC Adjustable trigger assembly
US10345074B1 (en) 2018-02-23 2019-07-09 Aleksey Zamlinskiy Firearm chassis system

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1011154A (en) * 1910-09-15 1911-12-12 Thomas John Cahill Firearm-trigger.
US1285885A (en) * 1917-12-06 1918-11-26 George Waterworth Younger Small-arm.
US2249231A (en) * 1937-04-19 1941-07-15 John B Smith Trigger mechanism
US2375721A (en) * 1940-06-05 1945-05-08 Dryden Kuser Automatic rifle
US2549904A (en) * 1948-05-28 1951-04-24 Roy C Hoard Trigger-adjusting means for firearms
US2959107A (en) * 1958-03-18 1960-11-08 Colt S Mfg Co Automatic pistol firing mechanism
US3142926A (en) * 1962-06-27 1964-08-04 Olin Mathieson Trigger with adjustable screw and stud therein

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1011154A (en) * 1910-09-15 1911-12-12 Thomas John Cahill Firearm-trigger.
US1285885A (en) * 1917-12-06 1918-11-26 George Waterworth Younger Small-arm.
US2249231A (en) * 1937-04-19 1941-07-15 John B Smith Trigger mechanism
US2375721A (en) * 1940-06-05 1945-05-08 Dryden Kuser Automatic rifle
US2549904A (en) * 1948-05-28 1951-04-24 Roy C Hoard Trigger-adjusting means for firearms
US2959107A (en) * 1958-03-18 1960-11-08 Colt S Mfg Co Automatic pistol firing mechanism
US3142926A (en) * 1962-06-27 1964-08-04 Olin Mathieson Trigger with adjustable screw and stud therein

Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3757634A (en) * 1969-07-21 1973-09-11 J Uria Repeating pistol
US4005540A (en) * 1975-08-27 1977-02-01 Kanematsu-Gosho (U.S.A.), Inc. Gun trigger mechanism
US5018292A (en) * 1990-01-02 1991-05-28 West Dennis E Linkage assembly for trigger/sear assemblies
US20060207149A1 (en) * 2005-03-19 2006-09-21 Lazor Ernest R Adjustable and removable trigger
US8549781B2 (en) * 2008-02-19 2013-10-08 Alex Zamlinsky Trigger extension apparatus and system and method therefor
US9052149B2 (en) 2012-09-04 2015-06-09 Terrence Dwight Bender Trigger with adjustable shoe
US9015981B2 (en) 2013-06-10 2015-04-28 Aleksey Zamlinsky Bullpup stock kit for a rifle
US9109856B1 (en) 2013-06-10 2015-08-18 Aleksey Zamlinsky Bullpup stock kit for a rifle
US9175917B2 (en) 2013-12-03 2015-11-03 Terrence Dwight Bender Trigger with cam
US9696103B2 (en) 2013-12-03 2017-07-04 In Ovation Llc Trigger with cam
US10006733B2 (en) 2014-10-22 2018-06-26 In Ovation Llc Non-fouling trigger
US20190041150A1 (en) * 2017-08-07 2019-02-07 Cor34, LLC Adjustable trigger assembly
US10345074B1 (en) 2018-02-23 2019-07-09 Aleksey Zamlinskiy Firearm chassis system

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