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US3188816A - Pile forming method - Google Patents

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Publication number
US3188816A
US3188816A US22413062A US3188816A US 3188816 A US3188816 A US 3188816A US 22413062 A US22413062 A US 22413062A US 3188816 A US3188816 A US 3188816A
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tube
section
pile
water
deck
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Expired - Lifetime
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William L Koch
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H Koch and Sons Co
KOCH AND SONS Inc H
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KOCH AND SONS Inc H
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D27/00Foundations as substructures
    • E02D27/32Foundations for special purposes
    • E02D27/48Foundations inserted underneath existing buildings or constructions

Description

June 15, 1965 .-w. KOCH FILE FORMING METHOD Filed Sept. 17, 1962 IWENTOR.

k WILL/AM L. x00

United States Patent Ofifice 3,188,816 Patented J one 15, 1 965 3,188,816 PILE FORMING METHOD William L. Koch, San Francisco, Calif. H. Koch & Sons, Corte Madera, Calif.) Filed Sept. 17, 1962, Ser. No. 224,130 2 Claims. (Cl. 61-46) This invention relates to a pile construction and method of constructing the same.

The problem to which this invention is primarily directed is the replacement of old piles under the decks of wharfs and other structures over a body of water. In such situations pile drivers could not be utilized unless the deck is broken open which involves great expenditures of labor and loss of time.

It is an object of this invention to solve the problem of replacing old piles or furnishing a new pile under existing structures by erecting a tubular pile structure from the bottom of the body of water to the underside of the supported structure and then filling the tubular pile structure with a filler capable of solidifying such as concrete; the primary advantage of this invention is that the erection of this piling can be performed below the water level.

Another object of this invention is to provide a method of erecting piling by operations under the water level and out of material which is resistant to marine growth generally, yet is sturdy and solid.

Another object of the invention is to provide a tubular pile construction which can be installed in location out of tube sections coupled together at location and filled with concrete or the like after erection, said tube sections being made of glass fiber reinforced plastic.

I am aware that some changes may be made in the general arrangements and combinations of the several devices and parts, as well as in the details of the constr-uction thereof without departing from the scope of the present invention as set forth in the following specification, and as defined in the following claims; hence I do not limit my invention to the exact arrangements and combinations of the said device and parts as described in the said specification, nor do I confine myself to the exact details of the construction of the said parts as illustrated in the accompanying drawings.

With the foregoing and other objects in view, which will be made manifest in the following detailed description, reference is had to the accompanying drawings for the illustrative embodiment of the invention, wherein:

FIG. 1 is a fragmental, partly sectional View of the lowermost tube section in position under water, the old pile being shown in broken lines, and the direction of jetting being indicated by an arrow.

FIG. 2 is a view showing the coupling sleeve on the lowermost tube section in out of the way position.

FIG. 3 is a fragmental view showing the lowermost section and the next section above it coupled together.

FIG. 4 is a fragmental view showing the completed tubular pile and the introduction of concrete filler therein.

'FIG. 5 is a fragmental view showing the anchoring of the lowermost section on an old truncated pile, and

FIG. 6 is a cross-sectional view of the pile on line 66 of FIG. 4.

The pile of this invention is erected out of tubular pile sections 1 made out of glass fiber reinforced plastic tubes placed end to end. The adjacent or meeting ends 2 are held together by a tubular coupling sleeve 3 also made of a glass fiber reinforced tube and integrated with the tube sections by suitable cementing material.

The lowermost section 1 or whichever section rises above the mud line 4 in the body of water has on it an intake 5 near the mud line through which concrete filler can be forced into the tubular structure.

The top end 7 of the top section 1 has a notch 8 formed therein to serve as an outlet for water expelled from the tubular structure by the introduction of the concrete filler 9.

The method of erecting such a pile structure under the existing deck 10 of a wharf or the like, is started by first anchoring the lowermost pile section 1 into the bottom of the body of water. The anchoring of this lowermost section 1 in FIG. 1 is performed by so called jetting, for instance along an old worn pile 11 which is to be replaced. This jetting step involves the directing of a jet or stream of water through the inside of the tube section 1 into the mud and as the mud is thus excavated, the tube sinks into the mud bottom below the mud line 4. If it is desired to sink deeper than the length of one tube section 1, then the next tube section 1 can be coupled to the lowest section 1 and the jetting continued until the desired depth is reached.

Another way to perform this step of anchoring is to out off the old pile "1 1 at the mud =line 4 and mount the lowermost pile section 1 on the truncated old pile 11 as shown in FIG. 5.

The coupling of the next tube section 1 on the lower section is performed as shown in FIGS. 2 and 3. The coupling sleeve 3 is positioned over the lower tube section 1 below the meeting end 2 thereof. Then the next upper tube section 1 is placed end to end on the lower section. A layer of suitable cementing material, such as an epoxy-type cement is applied to the tube surfaces around and about the abutting areas and then the coupling sleeve 3 is drawn over the joint to be firmly integrated in place by said cement.

All these operations can be per-formed under the water line 12, and the coupling step is repeated as many times as needed both below the water line 12 and above it until the deck 10 is reached.

Then an inlet 13 is cut into the tube section 1 at about the mud line 4 and the intake 5 is connected to the inlet 13 and the usual concrete feed line (not shown) ,is connected to the intake 5 and suitable concrete is fed under pressure. This concrete flows down first into the portion of the tube section 1 below the mud line 4 and then rises and fills the rest of the pile structure expelling the water ahead of it through the outlet notch 8 at the underside of the deck 10. Thus concrete is forced against the underside of the deck 10 and forms solid support.

The resultant structure is resistant to marine growth and is firm and efficient. The method permits replacement of old piles or reinforcement of existing piles efiicient-ly and with easy underwater operations Without disturbing the deck structure or the old piles in any way.

I claim:

1. A method of constructing a pile in a body of Water under a deck of a Wharf or the like, including the steps of (a) anchoring a tube in the bottom of the body of water below the deck,

(b) erecting said tube up the underside of said deck,

(c) providing a by-pass outlet at the end of the tube at said deck,

(d) providing a filler intake into said tube under water,

(e) forcing a filler capable of solidification through said filler intake until said tube is filled,

(f) the iproviding of sections of glass fiber reinforced plastic,

(g) said anchoring step consisting of the anchoring of the lowermost tube under water,

(h) placing a coupling sleeve slidably over said tube section,

(i) positioning another section above the lowest section,

(j) applying cementing medium on the surfaces of said tube sections around their meeting ends and about the area to be covered by said coupling sleeve,

' (k) moving said sleeve tube sections to be cemented on the tubesection's about the meeting ends of the tubes,

(l) and erecting further tube section end to end and uniting thern'by fcoupling sleeves until the tube is erected to the deck of the Wharf.

2. The invention defined in claim 1 and'saidstep of "anchoring, including (n11) the cutting dovvn of an old pile at about the mud (ni zhe forcing of the lower portion of the tube over saidtruncated pile; V

References :C ited h y the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 518,354 4/94 Polhanius 61-54 over the rneeting ends of said 4 7 Ambler 6154 Koe'titz 61-54 Hindes 61-54 Cortes 6 1- 54 X Lane 61-54 Wilson et a1. Munger- 28 5-22 Bailey.

Brushel et a l. 6l-5'4 FOREIGN PATENTS EARL 'J WITMER, Primar Examiner. JACOB SHAPIRO, Examiner.

Claims (1)

1. A METHOD FOR CONSTRUCTING A PILE IN A BODY OF WATER UNDER A DECK OF A WHARF OR THE LIKE, INCLUDING THE STEPS OF (A) ANCHORING A TUBE IN THE BOTTOM OF THE BODY OF WATER BELOW THE DECK, (B) ERECTING SAID TUBE UP THE UNDERSIDE OF SAID DECK, (C) PROVIDING A BY-PASS OUTLET AT THE END OF THE TUBE AT SAID DECK, (D) PROVIDING A FILLER INTAKE INTO SAID TUBE UNDER WATER, (E) FORCING A FILLER CAPABLE OF SOLIDIFICATION THROUGH SAID FILLER INTAKE UNITL SAID TUBE IS FILLED, (F) THE PROVIDING OF SECTIONS OF GLASS FIBER REINFORCED PLASTIC, (G) SAID ANCHORING STEP CONSISTING OF THE ANCHORING OF THE LOWERMOST TUBE UNDER WATER, (H) PLACING A COUPLING SLEEVE SLIDABLY OVER SAID TUBE SECTION, (I) POSITIONING ANOTHER SECTION ABOVE THE LOWEST SECTION, (J) APPLYING CEMENTING MEDIUM ON THE SURFACES OF SAID
US3188816A 1962-09-17 1962-09-17 Pile forming method Expired - Lifetime US3188816A (en)

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Cited By (67)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3410097A (en) * 1966-03-21 1968-11-12 Edward M. Young Pile capping mechanism
US3483707A (en) * 1968-03-11 1969-12-16 Homayoun Joe Meheen Method for reinforcing steel pipe piling in situ and the resultant piling
US3495565A (en) * 1968-06-11 1970-02-17 Erik Verner Gustavii Post intended for mooring boats or for analogous purposes
US3505825A (en) * 1968-09-05 1970-04-14 James E Colby System for replacing deteriorated wood piling
US3950805A (en) * 1974-01-14 1976-04-20 Parson, Brinkerhoff, Quade & Douglas, Inc. Combination providing safety berthing, unloading of oil, and conduit carriage to refineries on land, of large deep-sea-requiring tankers
US5788417A (en) * 1995-03-03 1998-08-04 American Oilfield Divers, Inc. Offshore well stabilization apparatus and method
US20010047866A1 (en) * 1998-12-07 2001-12-06 Cook Robert Lance Wellbore casing
US20020040787A1 (en) * 1998-12-07 2002-04-11 Cook Robert Lance Forming a wellbore casing while simultaneously drilling a wellbore
US6557640B1 (en) 1998-12-07 2003-05-06 Shell Oil Company Lubrication and self-cleaning system for expansion mandrel
US20030094278A1 (en) * 1998-12-07 2003-05-22 Shell Oil Co. Expansion cone for radially expanding tubular members
US6568471B1 (en) 1999-02-26 2003-05-27 Shell Oil Company Liner hanger
US6575250B1 (en) 1999-11-15 2003-06-10 Shell Oil Company Expanding a tubular element in a wellbore
US6575240B1 (en) * 1998-12-07 2003-06-10 Shell Oil Company System and method for driving pipe
US20030107217A1 (en) * 1999-10-12 2003-06-12 Shell Oil Co. Sealant for expandable connection
US20030116325A1 (en) * 2000-07-28 2003-06-26 Cook Robert Lance Liner hanger with standoffs
US20030121558A1 (en) * 1998-11-16 2003-07-03 Cook Robert Lance Radial expansion of tubular members
US6634431B2 (en) 1998-11-16 2003-10-21 Robert Lance Cook Isolation of subterranean zones
US6640903B1 (en) 1998-12-07 2003-11-04 Shell Oil Company Forming a wellbore casing while simultaneously drilling a wellbore
US20030233524A1 (en) * 2002-06-12 2003-12-18 Poisner David I. Protected configuration space in a protected environment
US20040045718A1 (en) * 2000-09-18 2004-03-11 Brisco David Paul Liner hanger with sliding sleeve valve
US6712154B2 (en) 1998-11-16 2004-03-30 Enventure Global Technology Isolation of subterranean zones
US20040069499A1 (en) * 2000-10-02 2004-04-15 Cook Robert Lance Mono-diameter wellbore casing
US6745845B2 (en) 1998-11-16 2004-06-08 Shell Oil Company Isolation of subterranean zones
US20040118574A1 (en) * 1998-12-07 2004-06-24 Cook Robert Lance Mono-diameter wellbore casing
US20040123983A1 (en) * 1998-11-16 2004-07-01 Enventure Global Technology L.L.C. Isolation of subterranean zones
US6823937B1 (en) 1998-12-07 2004-11-30 Shell Oil Company Wellhead
US20050098323A1 (en) * 1999-03-11 2005-05-12 Shell Oil Co. Forming a wellbore casing while simultaneously drilling a wellbore
US6892819B2 (en) 1998-12-07 2005-05-17 Shell Oil Company Forming a wellbore casing while simultaneously drilling a wellbore
US6968618B2 (en) 1999-04-26 2005-11-29 Shell Oil Company Expandable connector
US7048067B1 (en) 1999-11-01 2006-05-23 Shell Oil Company Wellbore casing repair
US20060137877A1 (en) * 2002-09-20 2006-06-29 Watson Brock W Cutter for wellbore casing
US7100685B2 (en) 2000-10-02 2006-09-05 Enventure Global Technology Mono-diameter wellbore casing
US7168496B2 (en) 2001-07-06 2007-01-30 Eventure Global Technology Liner hanger
US7195064B2 (en) 1998-12-07 2007-03-27 Enventure Global Technology Mono-diameter wellbore casing
US7231985B2 (en) 1998-11-16 2007-06-19 Shell Oil Company Radial expansion of tubular members
US7234531B2 (en) 1999-12-03 2007-06-26 Enventure Global Technology, Llc Mono-diameter wellbore casing
US7258168B2 (en) 2001-07-27 2007-08-21 Enventure Global Technology L.L.C. Liner hanger with slip joint sealing members and method of use
US7290605B2 (en) 2001-12-27 2007-11-06 Enventure Global Technology Seal receptacle using expandable liner hanger
US7290616B2 (en) 2001-07-06 2007-11-06 Enventure Global Technology, L.L.C. Liner hanger
US7308755B2 (en) 2003-06-13 2007-12-18 Shell Oil Company Apparatus for forming a mono-diameter wellbore casing
US7325602B2 (en) 2000-10-02 2008-02-05 Shell Oil Company Method and apparatus for forming a mono-diameter wellbore casing
US7350563B2 (en) 1999-07-09 2008-04-01 Enventure Global Technology, L.L.C. System for lining a wellbore casing
US7360591B2 (en) 2002-05-29 2008-04-22 Enventure Global Technology, Llc System for radially expanding a tubular member
US7363984B2 (en) 1998-12-07 2008-04-29 Enventure Global Technology, Llc System for radially expanding a tubular member
US7377326B2 (en) 2002-08-23 2008-05-27 Enventure Global Technology, L.L.C. Magnetic impulse applied sleeve method of forming a wellbore casing
US7383889B2 (en) 2001-11-12 2008-06-10 Enventure Global Technology, Llc Mono diameter wellbore casing
US7398832B2 (en) 2002-06-10 2008-07-15 Enventure Global Technology, Llc Mono-diameter wellbore casing
US7404444B2 (en) 2002-09-20 2008-07-29 Enventure Global Technology Protective sleeve for expandable tubulars
US7410000B2 (en) 2001-01-17 2008-08-12 Enventure Global Technology, Llc. Mono-diameter wellbore casing
US7416027B2 (en) 2001-09-07 2008-08-26 Enventure Global Technology, Llc Adjustable expansion cone assembly
US7424918B2 (en) 2002-08-23 2008-09-16 Enventure Global Technology, L.L.C. Interposed joint sealing layer method of forming a wellbore casing
US7438133B2 (en) 2003-02-26 2008-10-21 Enventure Global Technology, Llc Apparatus and method for radially expanding and plastically deforming a tubular member
US7503393B2 (en) 2003-01-27 2009-03-17 Enventure Global Technology, Inc. Lubrication system for radially expanding tubular members
US7513313B2 (en) 2002-09-20 2009-04-07 Enventure Global Technology, Llc Bottom plug for forming a mono diameter wellbore casing
US7516790B2 (en) 1999-12-03 2009-04-14 Enventure Global Technology, Llc Mono-diameter wellbore casing
US7552776B2 (en) 1998-12-07 2009-06-30 Enventure Global Technology, Llc Anchor hangers
US7571774B2 (en) 2002-09-20 2009-08-11 Eventure Global Technology Self-lubricating expansion mandrel for expandable tubular
US7603758B2 (en) 1998-12-07 2009-10-20 Shell Oil Company Method of coupling a tubular member
US7712522B2 (en) 2003-09-05 2010-05-11 Enventure Global Technology, Llc Expansion cone and system
US7739917B2 (en) 2002-09-20 2010-06-22 Enventure Global Technology, Llc Pipe formability evaluation for expandable tubulars
US7740076B2 (en) 2002-04-12 2010-06-22 Enventure Global Technology, L.L.C. Protective sleeve for threaded connections for expandable liner hanger
US7775290B2 (en) 2003-04-17 2010-08-17 Enventure Global Technology, Llc Apparatus for radially expanding and plastically deforming a tubular member
US7793721B2 (en) 2003-03-11 2010-09-14 Eventure Global Technology, Llc Apparatus for radially expanding and plastically deforming a tubular member
US7819185B2 (en) 2004-08-13 2010-10-26 Enventure Global Technology, Llc Expandable tubular
US7886831B2 (en) 2003-01-22 2011-02-15 Enventure Global Technology, L.L.C. Apparatus for radially expanding and plastically deforming a tubular member
US7918284B2 (en) 2002-04-15 2011-04-05 Enventure Global Technology, L.L.C. Protective sleeve for threaded connections for expandable liner hanger
US20140328632A1 (en) * 2011-10-17 2014-11-06 Windsea As Jacket for offshore structure

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Cited By (133)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3410097A (en) * 1966-03-21 1968-11-12 Edward M. Young Pile capping mechanism
US3483707A (en) * 1968-03-11 1969-12-16 Homayoun Joe Meheen Method for reinforcing steel pipe piling in situ and the resultant piling
US3495565A (en) * 1968-06-11 1970-02-17 Erik Verner Gustavii Post intended for mooring boats or for analogous purposes
US3505825A (en) * 1968-09-05 1970-04-14 James E Colby System for replacing deteriorated wood piling
US3950805A (en) * 1974-01-14 1976-04-20 Parson, Brinkerhoff, Quade & Douglas, Inc. Combination providing safety berthing, unloading of oil, and conduit carriage to refineries on land, of large deep-sea-requiring tankers
US5788417A (en) * 1995-03-03 1998-08-04 American Oilfield Divers, Inc. Offshore well stabilization apparatus and method
US20030121558A1 (en) * 1998-11-16 2003-07-03 Cook Robert Lance Radial expansion of tubular members
US7246667B2 (en) 1998-11-16 2007-07-24 Shell Oil Company Radial expansion of tubular members
US7270188B2 (en) 1998-11-16 2007-09-18 Shell Oil Company Radial expansion of tubular members
US6712154B2 (en) 1998-11-16 2004-03-30 Enventure Global Technology Isolation of subterranean zones
US7275601B2 (en) 1998-11-16 2007-10-02 Shell Oil Company Radial expansion of tubular members
US7299881B2 (en) 1998-11-16 2007-11-27 Shell Oil Company Radial expansion of tubular members
US7357190B2 (en) 1998-11-16 2008-04-15 Shell Oil Company Radial expansion of tubular members
US7168499B2 (en) 1998-11-16 2007-01-30 Shell Oil Company Radial expansion of tubular members
US7121352B2 (en) 1998-11-16 2006-10-17 Enventure Global Technology Isolation of subterranean zones
US20040123983A1 (en) * 1998-11-16 2004-07-01 Enventure Global Technology L.L.C. Isolation of subterranean zones
US7108072B2 (en) 1998-11-16 2006-09-19 Shell Oil Company Lubrication and self-cleaning system for expansion mandrel
US6745845B2 (en) 1998-11-16 2004-06-08 Shell Oil Company Isolation of subterranean zones
US6634431B2 (en) 1998-11-16 2003-10-21 Robert Lance Cook Isolation of subterranean zones
US7231985B2 (en) 1998-11-16 2007-06-19 Shell Oil Company Radial expansion of tubular members
US7195061B2 (en) 1998-12-07 2007-03-27 Shell Oil Company Apparatus for expanding a tubular member
US7174964B2 (en) 1998-12-07 2007-02-13 Shell Oil Company Wellhead with radially expanded tubulars
US6631760B2 (en) 1998-12-07 2003-10-14 Shell Oil Company Tie back liner for a well system
US7198100B2 (en) 1998-12-07 2007-04-03 Shell Oil Company Apparatus for expanding a tubular member
US7603758B2 (en) 1998-12-07 2009-10-20 Shell Oil Company Method of coupling a tubular member
US6575240B1 (en) * 1998-12-07 2003-06-10 Shell Oil Company System and method for driving pipe
US6640903B1 (en) 1998-12-07 2003-11-04 Shell Oil Company Forming a wellbore casing while simultaneously drilling a wellbore
US7552776B2 (en) 1998-12-07 2009-06-30 Enventure Global Technology, Llc Anchor hangers
US7240729B2 (en) 1998-12-07 2007-07-10 Shell Oil Company Apparatus for expanding a tubular member
US20040045616A1 (en) * 1998-12-07 2004-03-11 Shell Oil Co. Tubular liner for wellbore casing
US7434618B2 (en) 1998-12-07 2008-10-14 Shell Oil Company Apparatus for expanding a tubular member
US7240728B2 (en) 1998-12-07 2007-07-10 Shell Oil Company Expandable tubulars with a radial passage and wall portions with different wall thicknesses
US20030098162A1 (en) * 1998-12-07 2003-05-29 Shell Oil Company Method of inserting a tubular member into a wellbore
US7419009B2 (en) 1998-12-07 2008-09-02 Shell Oil Company Apparatus for radially expanding and plastically deforming a tubular member
US6725919B2 (en) 1998-12-07 2004-04-27 Shell Oil Company Forming a wellbore casing while simultaneously drilling a wellbore
US6739392B2 (en) 1998-12-07 2004-05-25 Shell Oil Company Forming a wellbore casing while simultaneously drilling a wellbore
US7665532B2 (en) 1998-12-07 2010-02-23 Shell Oil Company Pipeline
US20040118574A1 (en) * 1998-12-07 2004-06-24 Cook Robert Lance Mono-diameter wellbore casing
US7185710B2 (en) 1998-12-07 2007-03-06 Enventure Global Technology Mono-diameter wellbore casing
US20030094277A1 (en) * 1998-12-07 2003-05-22 Shell Oil Co. Expansion cone for radially expanding tubular members
US6823937B1 (en) 1998-12-07 2004-11-30 Shell Oil Company Wellhead
US20030094278A1 (en) * 1998-12-07 2003-05-22 Shell Oil Co. Expansion cone for radially expanding tubular members
US7363984B2 (en) 1998-12-07 2008-04-29 Enventure Global Technology, Llc System for radially expanding a tubular member
US6892819B2 (en) 1998-12-07 2005-05-17 Shell Oil Company Forming a wellbore casing while simultaneously drilling a wellbore
US7159665B2 (en) 1998-12-07 2007-01-09 Shell Oil Company Wellbore casing
US20030094279A1 (en) * 1998-12-07 2003-05-22 Shell Oil Co. Method of selecting tubular members
US7357188B1 (en) 1998-12-07 2008-04-15 Shell Oil Company Mono-diameter wellbore casing
US7011161B2 (en) 1998-12-07 2006-03-14 Shell Oil Company Structural support
US7021390B2 (en) 1998-12-07 2006-04-04 Shell Oil Company Tubular liner for wellbore casing
US7036582B2 (en) 1998-12-07 2006-05-02 Shell Oil Company Expansion cone for radially expanding tubular members
US7216701B2 (en) 1998-12-07 2007-05-15 Shell Oil Company Apparatus for expanding a tubular member
US7195064B2 (en) 1998-12-07 2007-03-27 Enventure Global Technology Mono-diameter wellbore casing
US7044218B2 (en) * 1998-12-07 2006-05-16 Shell Oil Company Apparatus for radially expanding tubular members
US7048062B2 (en) 1998-12-07 2006-05-23 Shell Oil Company Method of selecting tubular members
US7350564B2 (en) 1998-12-07 2008-04-01 Enventure Global Technology, L.L.C. Mono-diameter wellbore casing
US6561227B2 (en) 1998-12-07 2003-05-13 Shell Oil Company Wellbore casing
US7147053B2 (en) 1998-12-07 2006-12-12 Shell Oil Company Wellhead
US6557640B1 (en) 1998-12-07 2003-05-06 Shell Oil Company Lubrication and self-cleaning system for expansion mandrel
US7077213B2 (en) 1998-12-07 2006-07-18 Shell Oil Company Expansion cone for radially expanding tubular members
US6497289B1 (en) 1998-12-07 2002-12-24 Robert Lance Cook Method of creating a casing in a borehole
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