US3164433A - Wiring connector - Google Patents

Wiring connector Download PDF

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Publication number
US3164433A
US3164433A US179071A US17907162A US3164433A US 3164433 A US3164433 A US 3164433A US 179071 A US179071 A US 179071A US 17907162 A US17907162 A US 17907162A US 3164433 A US3164433 A US 3164433A
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US
United States
Prior art keywords
shank
ring
shaped
clip
terminal post
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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US179071A
Inventor
Lester E Adams
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Motors Liquidation Co
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Motors Liquidation Co
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Publication date
Application filed by Motors Liquidation Co filed Critical Motors Liquidation Co
Priority to US179071A priority Critical patent/US3164433A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US3164433A publication Critical patent/US3164433A/en
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Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08BPOLYSACCHARIDES; DERIVATIVES THEREOF
    • C08B37/00Preparation of polysaccharides not provided for in groups C08B1/00 - C08B35/00; Derivatives thereof
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01RELECTRICALLY-CONDUCTIVE CONNECTIONS; STRUCTURAL ASSOCIATIONS OF A PLURALITY OF MUTUALLY-INSULATED ELECTRICAL CONNECTING ELEMENTS; COUPLING DEVICES; CURRENT COLLECTORS
    • H01R4/00Electrically-conductive connections between two or more conductive members in direct contact, i.e. touching one another; Means for effecting or maintaining such contact; Electrically-conductive connections having two or more spaced connecting locations for conductors and using contact members penetrating insulation
    • H01R4/28Clamped connections, spring connections
    • H01R4/48Clamped connections, spring connections utilising a spring, clip, or other resilient member
    • H01R4/4854Clamped connections, spring connections utilising a spring, clip, or other resilient member using a wire spring
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T24/00Buckles, buttons, clasps, etc.
    • Y10T24/45Separable-fastener or required component thereof [e.g., projection and cavity to complete interlock]
    • Y10T24/45225Separable-fastener or required component thereof [e.g., projection and cavity to complete interlock] including member having distinct formations and mating member selectively interlocking therewith
    • Y10T24/45602Receiving member includes either movable connection between interlocking components or variable configuration cavity
    • Y10T24/45775Receiving member includes either movable connection between interlocking components or variable configuration cavity having resiliently biased interlocking component or segment
    • Y10T24/45859Biased component or segment entirely formed from wire

Description

Jan. 5, 1965 E. ADAMS 3,164,433

WIRING CONNECTOR Filed March 12, 1962 IN VEN TOR.

iesiez' 6 0 0:

ATTORNEY United States Patent 3,164,433 WIRING CONNECTOR Lester E. Adams, Oak Creek, Wis., assignor to General Motors Corporation, Detroit, Mich, a corporation of Delaware Filed Mar. 12, 1962, Ser. No. 179,071 6 Claims. (Cl. 339-258) This invention relates to spring wire connecting clips, and more particularly to a clip for electrically connecting an electrical conductor to an electric terminal post.

In the design, manufacture and use of many electrical components it is often necessary to temporarily connect an electrical conductor to an element. Under such circumstances it is desirable to have a connecting fastener which is simple to operate and inexpensive to obtain. For example, a typical element is provided with terminal posts, and it may be necessary to use such an element in a laboratory or other installation or to test the element under some conditions. It would be desirable to temporarily connect an electrical conduit to one of the terminal posts. In so doing it is most eflicient if the fastening device permits a quick connect and disconnect of the conductor with respect to the post but wh ch is positive in its retention and will conduct electricity properly.

There are many devices available permitting the quick connect and disconnect of conductors to terminal posts, most of which are extremely complicated and require a complicated means for securing the fastener to the terminal post. This wastes time and etfort of the operator and such fasteners are relatively expensive.

The device in which this invention is embodied comprises, generally, a connector clip having an extremity receivable over the terminal post and a bow portion which extends over the terminal post and is reversely bent to engage the terminal post and clamp the terminal post between the bow portion and the terminal post engaging extremity. The clip is resilient to permit the bow portion to bend at a point spaced from the terminal post so that such movement causes the locking member to move in an are out of engagement with the terminal post. Furthermore, the construction is such that the conductor cannot disengage the clip from the terminal post under ordinary conditions. The clip is extremely simple to operate and provides a fast connect and disconnect from the terminal post when desired. The connector clip is inexpensive to manufacture and provides a positive and efficient connector between a conductor and a terminal ost. P These and other advantages will become more apparent from the following description and drawing, in which:

FIGURE 1 is a view of an installation showing an electrical element with the connector clip secured in place;

FIGURE 2 is an enlarged view of a portion of the installation of FIGURE 1, illustrating more clearly the connection of the connector clip to the terminal post;

FIGURE 3 is an enlarged end view of a portion of the installation of FIGURE 1, illustrating the connection of the connector clip to the terminal post; and

FIGURE 4 is an isometric view of the connector clip illustrated in FIGURES 1-3.

Referring more particularly to the drawing, an electrical conductor is shown connected to an electrical element 12 by means of a spring wire connector clip, illustrated generally by the numeral 14. Element 12 is shown to include a pair of terminal posts 16 and 18 having enlarged flattened portions 20 and 22, respectively. Flattened portions 20 and 22 may be provided with some sort of wire engaging means, the preferable form being apertures 24 and 26, respectively. However, such means may be eliminated and the wires to be .connected thereto may be soldered. For illustration purposes, apertures 24 and 26 are shown.

Electrical conductor 10 is shown to include an electrically conducting wire 28 surrounded by suitable insulating material 36). Adjacent the connector clip 14 the insulation material 30 isstripped from the wire 28 to portion 21) of terminal post 16. This permits proper location of the connector clip 14 relative to the terminal post, as will become hereinafter more apparent. Following the U-shaped portion 38 a final reversely bent section 40 paralleling reversely bent portion 36 completes the extremity of shank 34.

Extending from the opposite end of shank 34, that is, the right-hand end as viewed in FIGURE 1, is a bow portion 42 extending over the shank 34 and arcuately downwardly toward the terminal post 16. Bow portion 42 terminates in a reversely bent section 44 which provides a lock arm adapted to engage the flattened portion 20 to seat in the aperture 24 if such aperture is provided.

It may be noted from viewing FIGURE 1 that bow portion 42 is bendable about the end of shank 34. It is also noted that the pivot or bend point is located in a plane above the plane containing the lock arm 44. As the bow portion 42 is lifted upwardly the lock arm 44 will travel in an arcuate direction, with the center of the are being at the pivot or bend juncture of the bow portion 42 and shank 34. This causes the lock arm 44 to move away from terminal post 24, that is, toward the left and upwardly as viewed in FIGURE 1, upon disengagement of the connector clip 14 from the transistor 12. Upon connection it is seen that the opposite result takes place and that the lock arm 44 travels downwardly and inwardly to snap into place in fitting engagement against the enlarged portion 20 or in aperture 24 if such is provided.

It mayalso be noted that a pull on the shank portion 34, as by the wire 28, will not disengage lock arm 44 from the terminal post 16. Such a pull will be translated directly tothe terminal post through the shank 34 and will not unseat the lock arm 44. An upward pull on shank 34 will cause the bow portion to are inwardly, more firmly seating the lock arm 44 in aperture 24, because of the engagement of lock arm 44 with the terminal post. Thus, it is necessary only to handle the bow portion 42 of the connector clip 14 for engagement or disengagement with the terminal post 16. The terminal post is clamped between the U-shaped portion 38 of the shank 34 and the lock arm 44 of the bow portion 42, providing the proper electrical connection and securely retaining the connector clip 14 on the terminal post 16. This creates an efiicient, quick connecting and disconnecting installation for use with terminal posts extending from electrical elements.

It is, of course, understood that the material of which the connector clip 14 is manufactured is a proper electrical conductor to convey electrical current from the wire 28 to the terminal post 16. Furthermore, if some insulation means is required, any portion of clip 14 may be suitably covered except for those sections engaging wire 28 and the terminal post 16.

What is claimed is:

1. A fastener installation comprising:

a ring-shaped member;

and a clip including a shank portion, a ring engaging member extending from one end of said shank portion and bent such that it forms positioning loops which extend over said ring-shaped member and engage said ring-shaped member on both faces thereof with the faces of the ring substantially peri, of said ring engaging member and presses into and against said ring-shaped member in a direction substantially parallel to said shank portion to secure said clip to said ring-shaped member.

5. A fastener installation suited for mechanical connections comprising:

a ring-shaped member being adapted to be used as one member of said mechanical connection;

and a one-piece clip suitable as the other member of said mechanical connection including a shank portion, a ring engaging member extending from one end of said shank portion and bent such that it forms guide pendicular to the shank portion, and a spring portion 5 extending from the other end of said shank portion alongside the shank portion and formed such that it bows back relative to the shank portion and extends betweensaid positioning loops of said ring engaging member and presses into and against said ring-shaped member in a direction substantially parallel to said shank portion to secure said clip to said ring-shaped member. loops adjacent to said ring-shaped member and posi- 2. Afastener installation comprising: tioning loops which extend over said ring-shaped a ring-shaped member; member and engage said ring-shaped member on and a one-piece clip including a shank portion, a ring both faces thereof with the faces of the ring subengaging member extending from one end of said stantially perpendicular to the shank portion, and a extending from the other end of said shank portion alongside the shank portion and formed such that it bows back relative to the shank portion and extends spring portion extending from the other end of said shank alongside the shank portion and formed such that it bows back relative to the shank portion and extends between said guide loops and said positioning loops of said ring engaging member and presses into and against said ring-shaped member in a direction substantially parallel to said shank portion to secure said clip to said ring-shaped member.

between said positioning loops of said ring engaging member and presses into and against said ring-shaped member in a direction substantially parallel to said a ring-shaped member being adapted to be used as one shank portion to secure said clip to said ring-shaped member of said electrical connection;

member. and a one-piece clip suitable as the other member of 3. A fastener installation comprising: said electrical connection including a shank portion, a ring-shaped member; a ring engaging member extending from one end of and a one-piece clip including a shank portion, a ring said shank portion and bent such that it forms guide 6. A fastener installation suited for electrical connections comprising:

engaging member extending from one end of said shank portion and bent such that it forms guide loops adjacent to said ring-shaped member and positioning loops which extend over said ring-shaped member and engage said ring-shaped member on both faces thereof with the faces of the ring substantially perpendicular to the shank portion, and a spring portion extending from the other end of said shank portion alongside the shank portion and formed such that it bows back relative to the shank portion and extends between said guide loops and said positioning loops of said ring engaging member and presses into and against said ring-shaped member in a direction substantially parallel to said shank portion to secure said clip to said ring-shaped member.

loops adjacent to said ring-shaped member and positioning loops which extend over said ring-shaped member and engage said ring-shaped member on both faces thereof with the faces of the ring substantially perpendicular to the shank portion, and a spring portion extending from the other end of said shank alongside the shank portion and formed such that it bows back relative to the shank portion and extends between said guide loops and said positioning loops of said ring engaging member and presses into and against said ring-shaped member in a direction substantially parallel to said shank portion to secure said clip to said ring-shaped member.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 4. A fastener installation suited for mechanical and electrical connections Comp is g 1 51 53121 A ZZ a ring-shaped member being adapted to be Used as (me 1 1 037 s h fidt m D 28 1915 member of said Conne tion; 1 204 902 P k i k N 14 1916 and a one-piece clip suitable'as the other member of 1458543 Pflkin to S 1923 said connection including a Shank po io a g 55 1 i n Sp it 1 195 engaging member extending from o end of Said 1 a i i g iz 19:9 hank portion and bent such that it rm guide IOOPS 2 B0 b u A e i 6 9 8 adjacent to said ring-shaped member and p it n- 2224161 Rj m lger D in 1 3 ing loop-s which extend over said ring-S ap d 2,284,004 gda M 6 i3 bar and engage said ring-shaped member on bo h 60 2391428 y 2 42 faces thereof with th faces of the ring substantially 2594661 1 ec- E 1945 perpendicular to the shank portion, and a spring 2,948,940 mann Apr. 9, 1952 portion extending from the other end of said shank egener B Aug. 1960 alongside the'shank portion and formed such that REI N PATENTS 1 it bows back relative to the shank portion and extends 4 9 500 Franca Oct 5 1918 be said guide hops and Said positioning loops 151,349 Great Britain se r. 20 1920

Claims (1)

1. A FASTENER INSTALLATION COMPRISING: A RING-SHAPED MEMBER; AND A CLIP INCLUDING A SHANK PORTION, A RING ENGAGING MEMBER EXTENDING FROM ONE END OF SAID SHANK PORTION AND BENT SUCH THAT IT FORMS POSITIONING LOOPS WHICH EXTEND OVER SAID RING-SHAPED MEMBER AND ENGAGE SAID RING-SHAPED MEMBER ON BOTH FACES THEREOF WITH THE FACES OF THE RING SUBSTANTIALLY PERPENDICULAR TO THE SHANK PORTION, AND A SPRING PORTION EXTENDING FROM THE OTHER END OF SAID SHANK PORTION ALONGSIDE THE SHANK PORTION AND FORMED SUCH THAT IT BOWS BACK RELATIVE TO THE SHANK PORTION AND EXTENDS BETWEEN SAID POSITIONING LOOPS OF SAID RING ENGAGING MEMBER AND PRESSES INTO AND AGAINST SAID RING-SHAPED MEMBER IN A DIRECTION SUBSTANTIALLY PARALLEL TO SAID SHANK PORTION TO SECURE SAID CLIP TO SAID RING-SHAPED MEMBER.
US179071A 1962-03-12 1962-03-12 Wiring connector Expired - Lifetime US3164433A (en)

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Citations (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US880972A (en) * 1907-05-03 1908-03-03 Leopold J Castiau Safety-pin.
US1059520A (en) * 1912-09-23 1913-04-22 Victor K Blomstrom Chain-fastening.
US1166087A (en) * 1912-11-06 1915-12-28 Champion Ignition Co Electric coupling.
US1204902A (en) * 1916-04-20 1916-11-14 John A Poltock Holder for wrist-watches.
FR489500A (en) * 1918-03-29 1919-02-08 Pierre Izambert Contact system for internal combustion engines candles
GB151349A (en) * 1919-06-21 1920-09-20 Morgan Lloyd Williams Improvements in or relating to terminal electrical connections suitable for the sparking-plugs of internal-combustion engines
US1468543A (en) * 1921-10-12 1923-09-18 Pilkington John Thomas Clothespin
US1552189A (en) * 1922-06-24 1925-09-01 Union Radio Corp Electrical connecter
US1702024A (en) * 1924-09-17 1929-02-12 Nat Carbon Co Inc Spring clip for electrical conductors
US2127257A (en) * 1937-04-08 1938-08-16 Central Scientific Co Pinch-cock
US2224161A (en) * 1940-01-05 1940-12-10 Rice William Suspended type of support
US2284004A (en) * 1940-02-23 1942-05-26 Howard A Mccurdy Resilient safety latch
US2391428A (en) * 1944-04-20 1945-12-25 Line Material Co Conductor tap-off clamp
US2594661A (en) * 1949-07-15 1952-04-29 Karl T Lehmann Fish impaling pin
US2948940A (en) * 1957-07-01 1960-08-16 Sperry Rand Corp Self-locking detachable clamp

Patent Citations (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US880972A (en) * 1907-05-03 1908-03-03 Leopold J Castiau Safety-pin.
US1059520A (en) * 1912-09-23 1913-04-22 Victor K Blomstrom Chain-fastening.
US1166087A (en) * 1912-11-06 1915-12-28 Champion Ignition Co Electric coupling.
US1204902A (en) * 1916-04-20 1916-11-14 John A Poltock Holder for wrist-watches.
FR489500A (en) * 1918-03-29 1919-02-08 Pierre Izambert Contact system for internal combustion engines candles
GB151349A (en) * 1919-06-21 1920-09-20 Morgan Lloyd Williams Improvements in or relating to terminal electrical connections suitable for the sparking-plugs of internal-combustion engines
US1468543A (en) * 1921-10-12 1923-09-18 Pilkington John Thomas Clothespin
US1552189A (en) * 1922-06-24 1925-09-01 Union Radio Corp Electrical connecter
US1702024A (en) * 1924-09-17 1929-02-12 Nat Carbon Co Inc Spring clip for electrical conductors
US2127257A (en) * 1937-04-08 1938-08-16 Central Scientific Co Pinch-cock
US2224161A (en) * 1940-01-05 1940-12-10 Rice William Suspended type of support
US2284004A (en) * 1940-02-23 1942-05-26 Howard A Mccurdy Resilient safety latch
US2391428A (en) * 1944-04-20 1945-12-25 Line Material Co Conductor tap-off clamp
US2594661A (en) * 1949-07-15 1952-04-29 Karl T Lehmann Fish impaling pin
US2948940A (en) * 1957-07-01 1960-08-16 Sperry Rand Corp Self-locking detachable clamp

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