US3105539A - Apparatus and method for forming corrugated tubes - Google Patents

Apparatus and method for forming corrugated tubes Download PDF

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US3105539A
US3105539A US61281856A US3105539A US 3105539 A US3105539 A US 3105539A US 61281856 A US61281856 A US 61281856A US 3105539 A US3105539 A US 3105539A
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tube
corrugation
forward
mandrel
seals
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Herbert G Johnson
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Herbert G Johnson
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21DWORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21D15/00Corrugating tubes
    • B21D15/04Corrugating tubes transversely, e.g. helically
    • B21D15/10Corrugating tubes transversely, e.g. helically by applying fluid pressure

Description

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ATTORNEY H. G. JOHNSON u w A I 4, w. :11 \m u. F iiii E Q m APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR FORMING CORRUGATED TUBES Oct. 1, 1963 Filed Sept. 28. 1956 7/4 a J 2: 217d M I: J M M 25s.? fl V Oct. 1, 1963 H. G. JOHNSON APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR FORMING CORRUGATED TUBES Filed Sept. 28, 1956 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 40 4; m xm INVENTOR ATTORNEY W 6y Herbevi' CT-johnsom Oct. 1, 1963 H. G. JOHNSQN 3,105,539

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR FORMING CORRUGATED TUBES Filed Sept. 28, 1956 3 Sheets-Sheet 3 PI C1 6 INVENTOR Hm bar? G-Johnsom w 7%. am

ATTORNEY United States Patent C) 3,195,53? APEARATUS AND METHOD FER FQRMEN'G CQRRUGAT'ED TUBES Herbert G. Johnson, 17 N. Drexel Ava, Havertovvn, Pa. Filed Sept. 28, E56, Ear. No. 612,818 3 iaims. (Ql. 153-73) This invention relates to apparatus and method for forming corrugated tubes and has for an object the provision of improvements in this art.

One of the particular objects of the invention is to provide improved but simple apparatus and method for forming corrugated tubes by a combined pressure expanding and axial compressing action.

Another object is to provide improved internal sealing means for securing reliable internal pressure on the tube.

Another object is to provide apparatus for forming corrugated tubes in a uni-directional movement.

Another object is to provide means for varying the expanding pressure during the formation of a corrugation.

The above objects and various features of novelty will be apparent from the following description of an exemplary embodiment of the invention, reference being made to the accompanying drawings thereof, wherein:

FIG. 1 is a vertical longitudinal section through a machine for forming corrugations in tubes according to the present invention, parts being shown in the stage after the initial bulge of a corrugation has been formed;

FIG. 2 is a similar view in part showing the stage after the complete formation of a corrugation;

FIG. 3 is a similar view with the tube holding dies retracted;

FIG. 4 is a similar view with the tube pushed forward;

FIG. 5 is a similar view showing a completed tube being removed and a new tube being introduced;

FIG. 6 is a transverse vertical section taken on the line 66 of FIG. 5 showing the split holding and form ing dies in retracted position and with a corrugated tube in position and the mandrel removed; and

FIG. 7 is a partial longitudinal section showing modified forming dies.

Referring to the drawings, the apparatus comprises a main frame 18 carrying tube guiding and compressing means 11 at one end, tube corrugating means 12 at the middle, and mandrel holding means 13 at the other end. A mandrel 14 is disposed within the tube T while corrugations C are being formed on it, the mandrel being releasably held at one end, here the exit end by the holding means 13 ref rred to, so that the length of corrugated tube may be slipped off the end of the mandrel, or alternatively, so the mandrel can be pulled out of the tube after both are removed from the machine.

The basic corrugation forming elements comprise a longitudinally divided tube-embracing ring die 17, an axially moving compression die 18, sealing rings 19, 2t) and 21 carried in grooves in the mandrel, and means for introducing fluid under pressure into the mandrel and from it out into a tube between the split ring die 17 and the compression die 13, the means shown comprising an axial fluid passage 22. in the mandrel with ports 23 opening through the mandrel into the tube between the rings 29 and 21. Rubber O-rings disposed in grooves of rectangular cross section have been found very satisfactory for retaining fluid at the highest pressures required if properly dimensioned and located, as will be explained. The arrangement is such that the pressure of the fluid tightens the seal between the O-rings, mandrel and tube.

The parts of the split ring die 17 operate in radial guides 26 carried by the frame and are moved in and out ice for the formation of each corrugation, as by fluid operated device 27.

A second split ring die 23, which may be integral with the first split ring die, as shown, or made and operated separately, is located on the exit side of the split ring die 17 to back it axially and engage the last-formed corrugation to aid in holding the tube against axial movement.

The mandrel holding means 13 is her shown to comprise radially movable pins 34 operating in radial fixed guides by power devices 35, one of the pins being tubular and being sealed in the hole 36 in the mandrel by O-rings 37 to conduct fluid. A supply tube 38, which may be flexible, supplies fluid under pressure to the tubular pin. Fluid pressure in the tube is relieved through the same channels.

The compression die is moved axially by any suitable means such as an annular piston 4t? operating in a cylinder 41 carried by the frame.

Other radially movable pins 42 may be provided for holding the mandrel while the pins 34 at the outer end are disengaged for removal of a finished tube, the tube being first pushed past the pins 42 before they are engaged with the sockets 43 in the mandrel. After the pins 42 have been engaged with the mandrel the pins 34 at the outer end of the mandrel are removed and the corrugated tube slipped off.

In operation, a tube T is pushed through the tubular throat of the compressing die 18 past the sealing rings 19, 2b and 21 to a position where its front end is forward of the split ring dies 17, these dies being open, as shown in FIG. 6, to permit the tube to be fed in. Power means may be used for feeding in the tube, if desired.

The dies 17 are now brought down on the tube forward of the front sealing ring 21 and pressure fluid is intro duced into the tube between the rings 26 and 21 by way of the ports 23 until the tube takes an initial bulge, as shown in FIG. 1. When the bulge is sufficiently high the compressing die 18 is pushed forward and carries the rear end of-the bulged portion forward with it. The fluid pressure inside the tube is continued as the die 13 moves for-ward until a corrugation is fully formed and the forward end of the die 18 brings up against the rear side of the split ring dies 17, as shown in FIG. 2.

The dies 17 are then withdrawn, as shown in FIG. 3, the forward pressure on the die 18 being relaxed if desired to facilitate thewithdrawal of the split dies 17, after which, as shown in FIG. 4, the die 18 is pushed forward further to feed up the whole tube by the length of the corrugation which has been formed. An adjustable stop 'pin 45 is provided to halt the die movement caused by the piston 4d. The tube-feeding movement of the die 18 is merely representative of some feeding means. Other means of known character which grip the tube and feed it forward, separately from the die 18, may of course be used. In cases where friction is not too great the tube could be fed forward to proper position for forming another corrugation by hand.

The die 18 is withdrawn to the FIG. 1 position and the split dies 17 and 28 are brought down to engage the tube about the formed corrugation, as shown in FIG. 1.

Further corrugations are formed successively in the same manner until the whole length of tube-or so much of it as may be desired-has been corrugated, after which the split dies-l7 and 28 are raised and the tube pushed forward past the inboard holding pins 42, these pins then being engaged with the mandrel and the outboard pins 34 withdrawn to permit the tube to be removed, as shown in FIG. 5. Then pins 3 are reengaged with the mandrel and pins 42 withdrawn. A new tube is fed in, as shown in FIG. 5, while either set of pins is holding the mandrel.

It has been noted that the sealing rings 19, 2t and 21 are forced outwardly by fluid pressure into tight sealing 3 engagement with the inside of the tube, at the same thne sealing against a wall of the groove to completely block the outflow and escape of fluid. The location of the sealing O-ring 2 1 is just behind the crown of the inner surface of the dies 17 so that the ring will not blow out even though the inner span of the corrugation may be quite short. However, this O-ring is placed sufficiently forward so that it will be held down beneath the dies, as shown in FIG. 2, and not forced out into the corrugation.

In order to avoid excessive wear on the rubber O-rings by the drag of the tube over them the grooves may be provided with spacer rings 47 of harder material, such as metal, nylon or other plastic, or the like. When the O-rings are retracted in their grooves the spacer rings prevent heavy pressure of t e tube from coming on them.

The external corrugation on the tube will be curved in longitudinal cross section whether the dies are curved or not, so long as there is space for the corrugation at the pressure used. This is illustrated in FIG. 7 where the dies l7, l3 and 28' are formed with square-cornered sinner surfaces and enough depth to clear the corrugations.

It is desirable to increase the fluid pressure within the tube as a corrugation is being formed. One form of apparatus for accomplishing this is shown in FIG. 1. Here the fluid supply tube 38 is served by a pump i} taking fluid froma supply source 51. A by-pass 52 around the pump is provided with an adjustable valve 53 which is operated by a lever or beam 54 pivoted at 55. The free end of the lever is held down by a weight 56 and a slide 57 connected with the compressor piston 49 moves along the lever to progressively close the valve as the piston moves forward. As the valve reduces the effective passage through the pump by-pass the amount of liquid forced through the supply tube 38 per unit of time will increase and hence the pressure for' forming the corrugation will increase.

It is thus seen that the invention provides simple, reliable and economical means and method for corrugating tubes.

While one embodiment of the invention has been disclosed by way of illustration, it is to be understood that there may be various embodiments and modifications within the general scope .of the invention.

What is claimed is:

'1. The method of forming a transversely corrugated tube having a plurality of corrugations along its length which comprises, feeding the tube forward on a rigid stationary mandrel having circumferential seals at spaced fixed points therealong for engaging the inside surface of the tube and with a channel and outlets for admitting fluid into the tube between the seals; gripping and sup orting the tube on said mandrel circumferentially exteriorly thereof and immediately above and in front of the forward seal between said tube and said mandrel and holding it fixed against axial movement at this point; exteriorbetween the spaced seals to form an initial annular external bulge between the spaced points of external support; holding the tube gripped at the forward interior seal; and engaging the rearward end of the bulge exteriorly and pushing the rearward portion of the tube forward past the fixed-positioned rearward sealing means and, at the same time, continuing to apply fluid pressure within the tube between the spaced seals to increase the diameter ofthe bulge until a corrugation is fully formed; and, when one corrugation is thus formed, releasing the tube exteriorly at the forward seal, continuing to push on the rearward side of the formed corrugation to move the tube forward to carry the formed corrugation pastthe forward seal, and repeating said operations to form another corrugation.

2. The method of forming a transversely corrugated tube as defined in claim 1 wherein the fluid pressure applied within the tube between the spaced seals is progressively increased as a corrugation is formed.

3. The method of forming a transversely corrugated tube having a plurality of corrugations along its length which comprises, feeding the tube forward on a rigid mandrel having circumferential seals at spaced fixed points therealong for engaging the inside surface of the tube and with a channel and outlets for admitting fluid into the tube between the seals; gripping and supporting the tube on said mandrel circumferentially exteriorly thereof and immediately in front of the forward seal between said tube and said mandrel and holding it fixed against m'al movement at this point; exteriorly supporting the tube on said mandrel behind the rearward seal between said tube and said mandrel, the axial space between said seals being such as to provide a suflicient length of tube to form a corrugation and the tube being initially unsupported exteriorly between said seals; applying fluid pressure directly within the tube between the spaced seals to form an initial annular external bulge between the spaced points of external support; holding the tube gripped at the forward interior seal; and engaging the rearward end of the bulge exteriorly and pushing References Qited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,217,799 Giesler Oct. 15, 1940 2,391,252 Louthan Dec. 18, 1945 2,479,702 Rood Aug. 23, 1949 2,581,787 Dreyer Jan. 8, 1952 2,631,646 Zallca Mar. 17, 1953 2,693,780 Winter Nov. 9, 1954 2,712,157 Holte July 5, 1955 2,773,538 De Mers Dec. 11, 1956 2,796,109 Wood June 18, 1957

Claims (1)

1. THE METHOD OF FORMING A TRANSVERSELY CORRUGATED TUBE HAVING A PLURALITY OF CORRUGATIONS ALONG ITS LENGTH WHICH COMPRISES, FEEDING THE TUBE FORWARD ON A RIGID STATIONARY MANDREL HAVING A CIRCUMFERENTIAL SEALS AT SPACED FIXED POINTS THEREALONG FOR ENGAGING THE INSIDE SURFACE OF THE TUBE AND WITH A CHANNEL AND OUTLETS FOR ADMITTING FLUID INTO THE TUBE BETWEEN THE SEALS; GRIPPING AND SUPPORTING THE TUBE ON SAID MANDREL CIRCUMFERENTIALLY EXTERIORLY THEREOF AND IMMEDIATELY ABOVE AND IN FRONT OF THE FORWARD SEAL BETWEEN SAID TUBE AND SAID MANDREL AND HOLDING IT FIXED AGAINST AXIAL MOVEMENT AT THIS POINT; EXTERIORLY SUPPORTING THE TUBE ON SAID MANDREL ABOVE AND BEHIND THE REARWARD SEAL BETWEEN SAID TUBE AND SAID MANDREL, THE AXIAL SPACE BETWEEN SAID SEALS BEING SUCH AS TO PROVIDE A SUFFICIENT LENGTH OF TUBE TO FORM A CORRUGATION AND THE TUBE BEING INITIALLY UNSUPPORTED EXTERIORLY BETWEEN SAID SEALS; APPLYING FLUID PRESSURE DIRECTLY WITHIN THE TUBE BETWEEN THE SPACED SEALS TO FORM AN INITIAL ANNULAR EXTERNAL BULGE BETWEEN THE SPACED POINTS OF EXTERNAL SUPPORT; HOLDING THE TUBE GRIPPED AT THE FORWARD INTERIOR SEAL; AND ENGAGING THE REARWARD END OF THE BULGE EXTERIORLY AND PUSHING THE REARWARD PORTION OF THE TUBE FORWARD PAST THE FIXED-POSITIONED REARWARD SEALING MEANS AND, AT THE SAME TIME, CONTINUING TO APPLY FLUID PRESSURE WITHIN THE TUBE BETWEEN THE SPACED SEALS TO INCREASE THE DIAMETER OF THE BULGE UNTIL A CORRUGATION IS FULLY FORMED; AND, WHEN ONE CORRUGATION IS THUS FORMED, RELEASING THE TUBE EXTERIORLY AT THE FORWARD SEAL, CONTINUING TO PUSH ON THE REARWARD SIDE OF THE FORMED CORRUGATION TO MOVE THE TUBE FORWARD TO CARRY THE FORMED CORRUGATION PAST THE FORWARD SEAL, AND REPEATING SAID OPERATIONS TO FORM ANOTHER CORRUGATION.
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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3247694A (en) * 1962-01-25 1966-04-26 Calumet & Hecla Method and means for forming corrugations on tubing
US3339386A (en) * 1964-05-07 1967-09-05 Calumet & Hecla Large corrugator
US3512385A (en) * 1966-07-12 1970-05-19 Ametek Inc Bellows forming machine
US4275579A (en) * 1979-11-19 1981-06-30 Anoshko Vladimir A Apparatus for manufacture of corrugated pipes
FR2472428A1 (en) * 1979-12-27 1981-07-03 Mo Aviat I Pipe corrugation plant - clamps pipe for filling with water and uses variable pressure for its compression
FR2472429A1 (en) * 1979-12-27 1981-07-03 Mo Aviat I Ribbed wall tube MFG. process - has axially embracing air presses with pressure controllers operating in sync. with hydraulic system filling pipe cavity under pressure (SE
EP0395042A2 (en) * 1989-04-27 1990-10-31 NHK SPRING CO., Ltd. A method and an apparatus for manufacturing a metallic bellows
US6442987B1 (en) * 1997-10-20 2002-09-03 Josef Worringer Method of producing a shaft from a piece of tubing, apparatus for making a shaft from a piece of tubing and camshaft produced from a piece of tubing
US6564606B2 (en) 2000-06-16 2003-05-20 Nhk Spring Co., Ltd. Manufacturing method and manufacturing apparatus for metallic bellows

Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2217799A (en) * 1938-03-30 1940-10-15 Fulton Sylphon Co Hydraulic press
US2391252A (en) * 1944-06-12 1945-12-18 Gen Motors Corp Refrigerating apparatus
US2479702A (en) * 1945-08-22 1949-08-23 Weatherhead Co Coupling
US2581787A (en) * 1945-12-27 1952-01-08 Dreyer Albert Manufacturing highly resilient corrugated tubes
US2631640A (en) * 1948-12-10 1953-03-17 James P Zallea Method of making expansion joints
US2693780A (en) * 1951-02-10 1954-11-09 Glenn L Martin Co Pressure controlled forming apparatus
US2712157A (en) * 1952-05-22 1955-07-05 Berns Mfg Corp Method and apparatus for forming corrugated tubing
US2773538A (en) * 1950-11-10 1956-12-11 Solar Aircraft Co Convolution forming machine
US2796109A (en) * 1953-04-06 1957-06-18 Standard Thomson Corp Method and apparatus for forming flexible tubing

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2217799A (en) * 1938-03-30 1940-10-15 Fulton Sylphon Co Hydraulic press
US2391252A (en) * 1944-06-12 1945-12-18 Gen Motors Corp Refrigerating apparatus
US2479702A (en) * 1945-08-22 1949-08-23 Weatherhead Co Coupling
US2581787A (en) * 1945-12-27 1952-01-08 Dreyer Albert Manufacturing highly resilient corrugated tubes
US2631640A (en) * 1948-12-10 1953-03-17 James P Zallea Method of making expansion joints
US2773538A (en) * 1950-11-10 1956-12-11 Solar Aircraft Co Convolution forming machine
US2693780A (en) * 1951-02-10 1954-11-09 Glenn L Martin Co Pressure controlled forming apparatus
US2712157A (en) * 1952-05-22 1955-07-05 Berns Mfg Corp Method and apparatus for forming corrugated tubing
US2796109A (en) * 1953-04-06 1957-06-18 Standard Thomson Corp Method and apparatus for forming flexible tubing

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3247694A (en) * 1962-01-25 1966-04-26 Calumet & Hecla Method and means for forming corrugations on tubing
US3339386A (en) * 1964-05-07 1967-09-05 Calumet & Hecla Large corrugator
US3512385A (en) * 1966-07-12 1970-05-19 Ametek Inc Bellows forming machine
US4275579A (en) * 1979-11-19 1981-06-30 Anoshko Vladimir A Apparatus for manufacture of corrugated pipes
FR2472428A1 (en) * 1979-12-27 1981-07-03 Mo Aviat I Pipe corrugation plant - clamps pipe for filling with water and uses variable pressure for its compression
FR2472429A1 (en) * 1979-12-27 1981-07-03 Mo Aviat I Ribbed wall tube MFG. process - has axially embracing air presses with pressure controllers operating in sync. with hydraulic system filling pipe cavity under pressure (SE
EP0395042A2 (en) * 1989-04-27 1990-10-31 NHK SPRING CO., Ltd. A method and an apparatus for manufacturing a metallic bellows
US4996857A (en) * 1989-04-27 1991-03-05 Nhk Spring Co., Ltd. Method and an apparatus for manufacturing a metallic bellows
EP0395042A3 (en) * 1989-04-27 1991-05-15 NHK SPRING CO., Ltd. A method and an apparatus for manufacturing a metallic bellows
US6442987B1 (en) * 1997-10-20 2002-09-03 Josef Worringer Method of producing a shaft from a piece of tubing, apparatus for making a shaft from a piece of tubing and camshaft produced from a piece of tubing
US6564606B2 (en) 2000-06-16 2003-05-20 Nhk Spring Co., Ltd. Manufacturing method and manufacturing apparatus for metallic bellows

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