US3074045A - Cable connector and method of assembly - Google Patents

Cable connector and method of assembly Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US3074045A
US3074045A US16454A US1645460A US3074045A US 3074045 A US3074045 A US 3074045A US 16454 A US16454 A US 16454A US 1645460 A US1645460 A US 1645460A US 3074045 A US3074045 A US 3074045A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
end
cable
shoulder
sleeve
assembly
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US16454A
Inventor
John S Overholser
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
TAMAR ELECTRONICS Inc
Original Assignee
TAMAR ELECTRONICS Inc
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by TAMAR ELECTRONICS Inc filed Critical TAMAR ELECTRONICS Inc
Priority to US16454A priority Critical patent/US3074045A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US3074045A publication Critical patent/US3074045A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02GINSTALLATION OF ELECTRIC CABLES OR LINES, OR OF COMBINED OPTICAL AND ELECTRIC CABLES OR LINES
    • H02G15/00Cable fittings
    • H02G15/02Cable terminations
    • H02G15/06Cable terminating boxes, frames, or other structures
    • H02G15/064Cable terminating boxes, frames, or other structures with devices for relieving electrical stress
    • H02G15/068Cable terminating boxes, frames, or other structures with devices for relieving electrical stress connected to the cable shield only
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01RELECTRICALLY-CONDUCTIVE CONNECTIONS; STRUCTURAL ASSOCIATIONS OF A PLURALITY OF MUTUALLY-INSULATED ELECTRICAL CONNECTING ELEMENTS; COUPLING DEVICES; CURRENT COLLECTORS
    • H01R9/00Structural associations of a plurality of mutually-insulated electrical connecting elements, e.g. terminal strips or terminal blocks; Terminals or binding posts mounted upon a base or in a case; Bases therefor
    • H01R9/03Connectors arranged to contact a plurality of the conductors of a multiconductor cable, e.g. tapping connections
    • H01R9/05Connectors arranged to contact a plurality of the conductors of a multiconductor cable, e.g. tapping connections for coaxial cables
    • H01R9/0521Connection to outer conductor by action of a nut

Description

Jan. 15, 1963 J. s. ovERHoLsER CABLE CONNECTOR AND METHOD oE ASSEMBLY Filed March 2l, 1960 INVENTOR. dah/N 5 I/.Effafk BY Mmm/EY 3,074,045 CABLE CONNECER AND METHD F ASSEMBLY John S. verholser, Los Angeles, Calif., assigner to rlamas' Electronics, lne., Gardena, Qalif., a corporation of California Filed Mar. 2l, i960, Ser. No. 16,454 Si Claims. (lli. 3'9--170 This invention relates to a cable connector and to a method for assembling the same.

Coaxial cables ordinarily comprise a center conductor, a surrounding braided conductive shield, a Teflon core between said conductor and shield, a flexible, preferably rubber, insulating sleeve around the shield, an outer braided fabric cover over the insulating sleeve and, 0ptionally, a braided fabric layer interposed between the shield and the insulating sleeve. The above is generally typical of coaxial cables used in the field of electronics for various purposes. The same may Vary structurally but essentially includes the inner and `outer conductive members and the necessary insulation therebetween and around the outer member.

When making a connection between the conductors of one cable with those of another cable, or with a fitting by means of which the respective conductors of two cables may be connected or between a coaxial cable and an instrument served thereby, it is essential for good electrical efficiency of the connection that the respectlve cable conductors not only be effectively physically connected but that relative movement or bending between the connected parts not affect such good connection.

Accordingly, an object of the present invention is to provide a connector of the character referred to and to a method of assembling the conductors of a coaxial cable to a litting to obviate the above faults and to provide a connector assembly that may be carried out in an unconcealed manner insuring proper connection of the conductors of the cable and those of the fitting.

Another object of the invention is to provide a cable connector of the plug type that is adapted for separable connection with a receptacle and which insures proper physical and electrical relationship between the conductors of a cable and those of such a receptacle or comparable fitting.

My invention also has for its objects to provide a novel, economical and convenient method or process of superior utility, and to provide apparatus that is positive in operation, convenient in use, easily installed in Working position and easily disconnected therefrom, economical of manufacture, relatively simple, and of general superiority and serviceability.

The invention also contemplates novel combinations of method steps as well as novel details of construction and novel combinations and arrangements of parts, which will appear more fully in the course of the following description, which is based on the accompanying drawing. However, said drawing merely shows and the following description merely describes the invention with respect to a preferred cable connector and method of assembly, the same, nevertheless, being given by Way of illustration or example only.

in the drawing, like reference characters designate similar parts in the several views.

PIG. l is an elevational view, in quarter-section, of a cable connector according to the present invention.

FlG. 2 is a cross-sectional view as taken on the line 2 2 of FIG. 1.

FlGS. 3 and 4 are side elevational views, in quartersection showing two intermediate conditions of the cable during assembly of the parts preparatory to effecting connection of the cable with a connector fitting.

lil entecl llain. 15, ISES The drawing shows a conventional coaxial cable that is wrapped with Teflon The cable shown comprises a central conductor 5 made of heavy strands of copper or brass wire, a Teflon enclosure for said conductor and preferably formed of an inner woven or braided Teflon core 6 (to lend flexibility to the cable) and an outer tubular sleeve or sheath 7, a braided tubular shield, brass or copper conductor il around the Teflon enclosure, a rubber sleeve 9 around said shield, a woven fabric, preferably nylon, in the form of a tube ill, interposed between the shield 8 and the rubber sleeve 9, and a somewhat similar nylon outer sheath l?. enclosing the cable. The present invention deals with means for effecting a mechaincal as well as an electrical extension of the central conductor 5 and of the tubular conductor 8 while, at the same time, firmly anchoring the Teflon cores 6 and sheath 7.

The present connector fitting comprises, generally, means l?, that is affixed to the eno' of the abovede scribed cable preparatory to completing assembly of the fitting, a probe lf3 forming an extension of the conductor 5 of the cable, a Teflon enclosure i4 around said probe, a lock fitting l5 to connect the means l2 and the Tchou enclosure i4, and a connection nut ld carried by the litting l5 and by means of which a union connection may be effected of the present connector with a receptacle or other such device.

Associated with means l2 are a compression nut 17 that has a slip fit over the coaxial cable and is provided with external threads iti, a set of compression and sealing washers i9 held in compression by said nut 17. As shown in lilG. 4, means l2 comprises an inner sleeve 2l) slidingly fitted over the Teflon sleeve 7 and having an outer taper and an end flange 2l that is provided with outer screw threads, a rubber clamping sleeve 22 that may be initially conically tapered or which may become tapered in assembly to conform to the taper of the sleeve 2t) and enclosing the braided shield conductor S to c0mpress the same around said sleeve 2li, and a lock nut 23 engaged with the threads on the end flange 2l of the sleeve 2li and having an internal conical bore 24 that engages the outside of the clamping sleeve 22 to compress the same into locking engagement with the braided conductor 8.

When assembling the means l2 on the cable, the compression nut 5.7 is rst strung on the cable, followed by the sealing washers 19, here shown as a compressible washer between two noncompressible metal washers, by the lock nut Z3, and by the rubber clamping sleeve 22. Said sleeve, being elastic, may be stretched to fit over the cable.

Either before these elements are strung onto the cable or afterwards, the nylon fabrics lll' and lll as well as the rubber sleeve 9 are trimmed back from the end of the cable to the line Z5, exposing the braided sheath 3. In cables that are about 3A in outer diameter, about an inch of braiding is exposed by such trimming.

Now, the sleeve 2li is slipped over the Teon tube 7 and under the braided sheath 8, the reduced end of said sleeve making it easy to insert such sleeve in the manner shown in FlG. 3. The braid is flared by the taper of said sleeve and the same is drawn up to the flange 2l and the excess cut away as shown in said FIG. 3, leaving an outwardly folded flange on the end of the braid against the ange 2l of said sleeve.

The rubber clamping sleeve 22 is now slid up beyond the end '25 of the outer portion of the cable and against said outturned ange 26 of the braided shield. Finally, as shown in FIG. 4, the locl; nut 23 is slid up over the sleeve 22 and the threads thereof engaged with the threads on the inner sleeve 2l).

When the means 12 is 4thus completely assembled, the

doradas exposed portions or" the Teflon enclosure core 6 and tube 7 are trimmed away flush with the exposed flanged end of the sleeve 2d. A soldering iron may now be used to tin-coat the protruding end 27 of the central conductor 5. The latter, as shown in FIG. 4, is now trimmed to a desired length oi protrusion from the end of the means 12.

The probe i3 is shown as an end-rounded rod 28 that has an enlargement Z9 on its inner end with an end recess 3l) in said enlargement. Said recess is of a size to tit over the tinned end 27 of the cable conductor. Said probe is fitted to said end 27 but before this is done, a Tellen washer 31 is slipped over said end, the probe being bottomed on said washer, which constitutes a part of the probe enclosure 14. The probe is now soldered to the end 27 so that the same comprises an extension of the cable conductor 5.

The Tellon sleeve 32 of the enclosure 14- slips over the probe rod 23 and is of a length to expose the rounded tip of said rod. A shoulder 33 is provided onthe outside of said sleeve, the same facing toward the probe end;

The loclcttng 1S has an internally threaded skirt portion 34 that lits over the above-described means 12 and has a shoulder 35 that bottoms on the end of said means, and a reduced extension 36 around a portion of the sleeve 32 and with an inner shoulder that engages the shoulder 33 of said sleeve to pull the saine tightly down on the Teflon washer 31.

By slipping the washers 19 upwardly into the skirt 34 and against the adjacent end of the lock nut 23, and then engaging the threads 18 of the compression nut 17 with the internal threads of said skirt, the two members 17 and 15 cooperate to lock the assembly in compression as determined by the take-up force on the threads 13. The middle washer of the compression washers 19 being elastic, the same compresses to laterally expand into firm engagement between the bore of the lock fitting 15 and the outer face of the cable 11 immediately adjacent the end 2S thereof.

ltrwill be seen that the fitting l has the dual purpose of providing a firm mechanical and electrical connection between the cable sheath 8 and said fitting 15, and a firm mechanical retention of the Teflon enclosure 14 around the probe 13.

The split conductor 37 around the Teilen enclosure 14 beyond the end oi the extension 36, and the nut retainer 38 with its end sealing ring 39, are generally conventional items by means of which the connection nut 16 effects a firm mechanical and electrical connection between the probe 1 3 and iitting 15, on the one hand, and a connecting fitting, as suggested in the preamble to this specification. The nut 1d effects a union type of connection to such a fitting by means of its internal threads 40.

While I have illustrated and described what I now contemplate to be the best mode of carrying out my invention with respect to both the method and apparatus, the same is, of course, subject to modification without departing from the spirit and scope of my invention. Therefore, I do not wish to restrict myself to the particular method steps or combination 0r sequence of steps described nor to the particular form of construction illustrated and described, but desire to avail myself of all equivalents or modifications of method and apparatus that may fall within the scope of the appended claims.

Having thus described the invention, what is claimed and desired to be covered by Letters Patent is:

l. A connector for a coaxial cable having a central conductor and a braided tubular conductor therearound with insulation between the conductors, and an extension pin on the end of the central conductor of the cable, said connector comprising a metallic assembly clamped around and aixed to the end of said tubular conductor and having opposed end shoulders, compression and sealing washer means disposed against one of said shoulders, an insulation sleeve around the extension pin and proided with an outer shoulder, a connector fitting having a shoulder engaged with said shoulder of the insulation sleeve and a shoulder engaged with the end shoulder of said assembly that is opposite to the washer means, said iitting having a skirt portion encircling said metallic assembly, and a compression nut connected to the skirt portion of said fitting and engaged with the washer means to press the same against said one shoulder of said assembly.

2. A connector for a coaxial cable having a central conductor and a braided tubular conductor therearound with insulation between the conductors, and an extension pin on the end of the central conductor of the cable, said connector comprising a metallic assembly clamped around and afiixed to the end of said tubular conductor and having opposed end shoulders, compression and sealing washer means disposed against one of said shoulders, said assembly comprising a tapered sleeve disposed within the end oi the braided tubular conductor and over the insulation between the cable conductors, and a tapered clamp'ng nut connected to the sleeve to clamp the braided conducto-r between said insulation and tapered sleeve, an insulation sleeve around the extension pin and provided with an outer shoulder, a connector iitting having a shoulder engaged with said shoulder of the insulation sleeve and a shoulder engaged with the end shoulder of said assembly that is opposite to the washer means, said fitting having a skirt portion encircling said metallic assembly, and a compression nut connected to the skirt portion of said fitting and engaged with the washer means to press the same against said one shoulder of said assembly.

3. A connector for a coaxial cable having a central conductor and a braided tubular conductor therearound with insulation between the conductors, and an extension pin on the end of the central conductor of the cable, said connector comprising a metallic assembly clamped around and aiiixed to the end of said tubular conductor and having opposed end shoulders, compression and sealing washer means disposed against one of said shoulders, said assembly comprising a tapered sleeve disposed within the end of the braided tubular conductor and over the insulation between the cable conductors, a tapered clamping nut connected to the sleeve to clamp the braided conductor between said insulation and tapered sleeve, and a compressible sleeve interposed between the braided conductor and said clamping nut, an insulation sleeve around the extension pin and provided with an outer shoulder, a connector fitting having a shoulder engaged with said shoulder of the insulation sleeve and a shoulder engaged with the end shoulder of said assembly that is opposite to the washer means, said iitting having a skirt portion encircling said metallic assembly, and a compression nut connected to the skirt portion of said fitting and engaged with the washer means to press the same against said one shoulder of said assembly.

References Cited in the Vtile of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,702,756 Woodbridge Feb. 19, 1929 2,379,942 Webber July 10, 1945 2,435,989 Webster Feb. 17, 1948 2,449,570 Violette Sept. 21, 1948 2,449,983 Devol Sept. 28, 1948 i2,460,304 McGee et al. Feb. l, 1949 2,509,341 Goldsmith May 30, 1950 2,552,414 Erikson et al. May 8, 1951 2,871,283 Dickenson Ian. 27, 1959 2,936,440 Mack et al May l0, 1960 FOREIGN PATENTS 1,109,812 France Oct. 5, 1955

Claims (1)

1. A CONNECTOR FOR A COAXIAL CABLE HAVING A CENTRAL CONDUCTOR AND A BRAIDED TUBULAR CONDUCTOR THEREAROUND WITH INSULATION BETWEEN THE CONDUCTORS, AND AN EXTENSION PIN ON THE END OF THE CENTRAL CONDUCTOR OF THE CABLE, SAID CONNECTOR COMPRISING A METALLIC ASSEMBLY CLAMPED AROUND AND AFFIXED TO THE END OF SAID TUBULAR CONDUCTOR AND HAVING OPPOSED END SHOULDERS, COMPRESSION AND SEALING WASHER MEANS DISPOSED AGAINST ONE OF SAID SHOULDERS, AN INSULATION SLEEVE AROUND THE EXTENSION PIN AND PROVIDED WITH AN OUTER SHOULDER, A CONNECTOR FITTING HAVING A SHOULDER ENGAGED WITH SAID SHOULDER OF THE INSULATION SLEEVE AND A SHOULDER ENGAGED WITH THE END SHOULDER OF SAID ASSEMBLY THAT IS OPPOSITE TO THE WASHER MEANS, SAID FITTING HAVING A SKIRT PORTION ENCIRCLING SAID METALLIC ASSEMBLY, AND A COMPRESSION NUT CONNECTED TO THE SKIRT PORTION OF SAID FITTING AND ENGAGED WITH THE WASHER MEANS
US16454A 1960-03-21 1960-03-21 Cable connector and method of assembly Expired - Lifetime US3074045A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US16454A US3074045A (en) 1960-03-21 1960-03-21 Cable connector and method of assembly

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US16454A US3074045A (en) 1960-03-21 1960-03-21 Cable connector and method of assembly

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US3074045A true US3074045A (en) 1963-01-15

Family

ID=21777208

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US16454A Expired - Lifetime US3074045A (en) 1960-03-21 1960-03-21 Cable connector and method of assembly

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US3074045A (en)

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3156491A (en) * 1960-08-17 1964-11-10 Superflexit End fittings for flexible hoses, conduits or the like
US3184706A (en) * 1962-09-27 1965-05-18 Itt Coaxial cable connector with internal crimping structure
US3474391A (en) * 1966-08-22 1969-10-21 Amphenol Corp Coaxial connector
US3601524A (en) * 1965-12-09 1971-08-24 Us Navy Underwater marine cable
US3781763A (en) * 1966-11-30 1973-12-25 Amp Domestic Inc Plugboard system
US4444454A (en) * 1982-09-13 1984-04-24 Hi-G Incorporated Field installable coaxial plug connector
EP0140185A2 (en) * 1983-11-01 1985-05-08 Allied Corporation An electrical connector assembly including means for grounding and terminating a coaxial cable
US4804338A (en) * 1987-03-20 1989-02-14 Sigmaform Corporation Backshell assembly and method
US20090227150A1 (en) * 2008-03-04 2009-09-10 Farahani Fereidoun A Electrical Connector Assembly and Method for Using the Same
CN105932467A (en) * 2016-06-07 2016-09-07 倍仕得电气科技(杭州)股份有限公司 Shielded cable connector

Citations (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1702756A (en) * 1927-10-18 1929-02-19 Woodbridge Joseph Lester Eyeleted terminal for flexible braided conductors and method of making same
US2379942A (en) * 1942-12-31 1945-07-10 Bell Telephone Labor Inc Cable terminating means
US2435989A (en) * 1945-11-21 1948-02-17 George C Webster Cable connecting device
US2449570A (en) * 1945-08-08 1948-09-21 Richard J Violette Electrical connector
US2449983A (en) * 1943-02-04 1948-09-28 Sperry Corp Coaxial line coupling
US2460304A (en) * 1944-07-29 1949-02-01 Mcgee Kenneth Connector
US2509341A (en) * 1946-11-12 1950-05-30 American Phenolic Corp Coaxial cable termination
US2552414A (en) * 1948-06-08 1951-05-08 Hazeltine Research Inc Electrical connector for solid dielectric type coaxial lines
FR1109812A (en) * 1954-03-30 1956-02-02 Liquidometer Corp Improvements to a device for fastening a connection fitting to a coaxial cable
US2871283A (en) * 1956-10-11 1959-01-27 Bell Telephone Labor Inc Cable termination
US2936440A (en) * 1957-02-13 1960-05-10 Univ California Cable connector

Patent Citations (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1702756A (en) * 1927-10-18 1929-02-19 Woodbridge Joseph Lester Eyeleted terminal for flexible braided conductors and method of making same
US2379942A (en) * 1942-12-31 1945-07-10 Bell Telephone Labor Inc Cable terminating means
US2449983A (en) * 1943-02-04 1948-09-28 Sperry Corp Coaxial line coupling
US2460304A (en) * 1944-07-29 1949-02-01 Mcgee Kenneth Connector
US2449570A (en) * 1945-08-08 1948-09-21 Richard J Violette Electrical connector
US2435989A (en) * 1945-11-21 1948-02-17 George C Webster Cable connecting device
US2509341A (en) * 1946-11-12 1950-05-30 American Phenolic Corp Coaxial cable termination
US2552414A (en) * 1948-06-08 1951-05-08 Hazeltine Research Inc Electrical connector for solid dielectric type coaxial lines
FR1109812A (en) * 1954-03-30 1956-02-02 Liquidometer Corp Improvements to a device for fastening a connection fitting to a coaxial cable
US2871283A (en) * 1956-10-11 1959-01-27 Bell Telephone Labor Inc Cable termination
US2936440A (en) * 1957-02-13 1960-05-10 Univ California Cable connector

Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3156491A (en) * 1960-08-17 1964-11-10 Superflexit End fittings for flexible hoses, conduits or the like
US3184706A (en) * 1962-09-27 1965-05-18 Itt Coaxial cable connector with internal crimping structure
US3601524A (en) * 1965-12-09 1971-08-24 Us Navy Underwater marine cable
US3474391A (en) * 1966-08-22 1969-10-21 Amphenol Corp Coaxial connector
US3781763A (en) * 1966-11-30 1973-12-25 Amp Domestic Inc Plugboard system
US4444454A (en) * 1982-09-13 1984-04-24 Hi-G Incorporated Field installable coaxial plug connector
EP0140185A3 (en) * 1983-11-01 1985-07-10 Allied Corporation An electrical connector assembly including means for grounding and terminating a coaxial cable
EP0140185A2 (en) * 1983-11-01 1985-05-08 Allied Corporation An electrical connector assembly including means for grounding and terminating a coaxial cable
US4804338A (en) * 1987-03-20 1989-02-14 Sigmaform Corporation Backshell assembly and method
US20090227150A1 (en) * 2008-03-04 2009-09-10 Farahani Fereidoun A Electrical Connector Assembly and Method for Using the Same
US7632147B2 (en) 2008-03-04 2009-12-15 Nexus, Incorporated Shielded cable plug and jack assembly
CN105932467A (en) * 2016-06-07 2016-09-07 倍仕得电气科技(杭州)股份有限公司 Shielded cable connector
CN105932467B (en) * 2016-06-07 2019-03-08 倍仕得电气科技(杭州)股份有限公司 A kind of shielded cable connector

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US3390374A (en) Coaxial connector with cable locking means
US6361364B1 (en) Solderless connector for a coaxial microcable
TWI591907B (en) Coaxial cable connector with a compressible ferrule
US6568964B2 (en) RCA-type electrical plug connector
CN100530826C (en) Coaxial connector with a cable gripping feature
US4676577A (en) Connector for coaxial cable
US4173385A (en) Watertight cable connector
US6786774B2 (en) Two-conductor cable and phone plug assembly
US4929195A (en) Shield connector
AU714282B2 (en) Coaxial cable connector
US4339166A (en) Connector
US5062804A (en) Metal housing for an electrical connector
CA2182664C (en) Electrical cable connector and method of making
US3564487A (en) Contact member for electrical connector
CA2066985C (en) Coaxial cable end connector
US6955562B1 (en) Coaxial connector with center conductor seizure
US5713765A (en) High-current audio connector
US4491685A (en) Cable connector
US4084875A (en) Electrical connector
US4059330A (en) Solderless prong connector for coaxial cable
US4515427A (en) Coaxial cable with a connector
US4444453A (en) Electrical connector
US7144272B1 (en) Coaxial cable connector with threaded outer body
US2754487A (en) T-connectors for coaxial cables
US4979911A (en) Cable collet termination