US3045259A - Safety side - Google Patents

Safety side Download PDF

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Publication number
US3045259A
US3045259A US2038660A US3045259A US 3045259 A US3045259 A US 3045259A US 2038660 A US2038660 A US 2038660A US 3045259 A US3045259 A US 3045259A
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US
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Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
end
side
guide rod
saddle
panel
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Inventor
Edwin H Mayer
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Simmons Usa Corp
Original Assignee
Simmons Usa Corp
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT OR ACCOMODATION FOR PATIENTS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G7/00Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons
    • A61G7/05Parts, details or accessories of beds
    • A61G7/0507Side-rails
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT OR ACCOMODATION FOR PATIENTS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G7/00Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons
    • A61G7/05Parts, details or accessories of beds
    • A61G7/0507Side-rails
    • A61G7/0508Side-rails characterised by a particular connection mechanism
    • A61G7/0509Side-rails characterised by a particular connection mechanism sliding or pivoting downwards
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT OR ACCOMODATION FOR PATIENTS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G7/00Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons
    • A61G7/05Parts, details or accessories of beds
    • A61G7/0507Side-rails
    • A61G7/0512Side-rails characterised by customised length
    • A61G7/0515Side-rails characterised by customised length covering the full bed length, e.g. from head board to foot board

Description

E. H. MAYER July 24, 1962 SAFETY SIDE 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed April 6, 1960 lllllllll Him; Mi F. L mfi W E. H. MAYER SAFETY SIDE July 24, 1962 Filed April 6, 1960 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 I m u m m n a United States Patent Ofifice 4 amass Patented July 24, 1962 3,045,259 SAFETY SIDE Edwin H. Mayer, Racine, Wis., assignor to Simmons Company; New York, N.Y., a corporation of Delaware Filed Apr. 6, 1960, Ser. No. 20,386 Claims. (Cl. 5331) Carried by the end part 25 of each of the sections 23 is a mounting saddle 27.

In the illustrated construction, each saddle 27 is fabricated of a single piece of sheet metal formed into U-shape to provide an arch or yoke 29 and a pair of wings 31 between which the end bows 25 of the guard panel 21 are pivotally mounted on an axially horizontal pivot-pin 33 extending between the wings. The saddle wings 31 have substantial vertical length, and are spaced to provide a comfortable or free sliding fit with the connected end part 25 of the guard panel. This spacing, in cooperation with the vertical length of the Wings 31, is effective to prevent shaking of the guard panel 21 about an axis extending its raised position to its lowered position, as well as mainthis general type due to the necessity of providing clearance between relatively sliding parts at widely-spaced, opposite ends of the panel. The safety side of the invention thus provides substantially noise-free operation and controlled movement between its several positions.

The principal object of the invention is the provision of a safety side which is quiet in use, irrespective of the amount of care exercised in its operation.

A further object of the invention is the provision of a safety side having an improved saddle for carrying the guard panel thereof in stabilized and restrained vertical movement along the side of a bed.

A more specific object of the invention is the provision of a safety side in which the ends are capable of independent vertical movement and are stabilized to prevent noise in, and during movement between, all of its several positions. Other objects and advantages of the invention will become apparent from the following description and the accompanying drawings of a specific embodiment of the invention in which:

FIGURE 1 is a side elevational'view, with parts broken away, of the safety side mounted on a bed;

FIGURE 2 is an enlarged side view, partially broken away, showing in greater detail the mounting of the guard panel of the safety side;

FIGURE 3 is a sectional view taken along line 33 of FIGURE 2; 3

FIGURE 4 is an enlarged sectional view, partially broken away, taken along line 44 of FIGURE 1;

FIGURE 5 is an enlarged sectional view taken along line 55 of FIGURE 1 and partially broken away to provide a clearer view of certain parts; and

FIGURE 6 is a perspective view of the leaf spring used for braking and quieting of the safety side.

Referring to the drawings, FIGURE 1 shows a safety side 11 mounted on a bed structure 13 ofgenerally con.- ventional construction including front end and rear end frames 15 and 17 Each of the end frames 15 and 17 includes corner posts '19.

The safety side 11 includes a guard or side panel 21 which can be fabricated in various ways. One' particu larly desirable construction is fully described in United States Patent No. 2,032,781, which issued May 8, 1962, and is assigned to the assignee of this invention. Nothing disclosed in that is intended to be claimed in this application. This construction includes a pair of sections 23 telescopically joined together to facilitate positioning of the guard panel 21 in either of a raised, storage, or diagonally disposed half-guard positions. These sections 23 at their outer ends have integral cross pieces or bows 25.

longitudinally thereof between the saddles 27.

The arch 29 of each of the mounting saddles preferably includes two integral vertically spaced inturned or retroverted portions or yokes 35 which provide, together with the unretroverted portions or yokes 36 of the arch 29, a formation 37 of vertically spaced and alternately oppositely disposed semi-circular sections or yokes adapted for slidably encompassing an upright guide rod 39, which guide rod is part of the means for mounting the safety side 11 on the bed structure 13, and is preferably generally square or rectangular in cross-section.

This mounting means at each end of the safety side 11 also includes a mounting bar 41 having upper and lower brackets 43 and 45 supporting the guide rod 39. In this connection, the lower end of the guide rod 39 extends into a rubber bumper 47 seated in the bracket 45 for cushioning engagement with the bottom of the mounting saddle 27. Thus, as the saddle approaches dead bottom, its descent is silently arrested by resilient engagement with the bumper 47.

The connection of the upper bracket 43 with the upright guide rod 39 is detachable to permit initial assembly of the mounting saddle 27 in encompassing relation to the guide rod 39 and to enable subsequent disassembly for any. reason. Specifically, the bracket 43 and the guide rod 39 are interconnected by a cap 49 including a stud 51 which is passable through an opening in the bracket 43 and into the upper end of the guide rod 39. Fixed assembly of the cap stud 51 in the upper end of the guide rod 39' is provided by asuitable pin 53.

Attachment of the mounting bars 41 to the bed structure 13 is facilitated by inwardly extending upper and lower lugs 55 and 57 which are engageable with mounting studs on the corner posts 19. Specifically, each of the upper. lugs 55 includes a notch 61 which extends upwardly from its lower surface and is engageable over a headed stud 63 to initially hang the mounting bar 41 on the bed structure 13. Each lower lug 57 includes a notch (not shown) which is directed inwardly from its outer end and is engageable in partially encircling relation with a threaded stud 67 when the lower end of the mounting bar 41 is swung about the upper headed stud 63 and into parallel relation to the corner post 19'. A hand nut 69 is employed to tighten the lower lug 57 to the corner post, thereby securing the mounting bar 4-1 and guide rod 39 in correct vertical position for operably supporting the safety side 11.

Retention of the guard panel 21 in raised position can be provided by various means. One particularly desirable construction includes a downwardly inclined ear 71 extending from the lower end of the saddle arch 29', and a detent carried by the adjacent mounting bar 41. As shown particularly in FIGURES .2 and 4, the detent comprises a latch 73 which is biased by a spring 74 toward the guide rod 39 and includes a handle 75 permitting withdrawal of the latch from engagement with the. ear 71 when it is desired to lower the side panel.

The latch 73 also incorporates an inclined edge 77 which is cammingly engaged by the inclined ear 71 dur- (3 ing upward saddle movement and thereby moved outwardly until the bottom of the ear 71 is raised above the latch 73, whereupon the latch is returned inwardly to- 'ward the guide rod 39 in position for engagement with the bottom edge of the ear 71 to support the adjacent end of the guard panel 21.

The descent of the guard panel 21 by gravity, when released, is retarded by a leaf spring 79 which is formed from a strip of suitable spring metal. The leaf spring includes a central arched portion 81 and a pair of upper and lower ears 83 and 85 spaced apart so as to engage the upper and lower edges of the inturned arch portions 35 to thereby dispose the spring 79 lengthwise within the formation 37, with the arched portion 31 extending inwardly thereof in frictional operating engagement with one side of the guide rod 39. This engagement also results in snug engagement of the unretroverted yokes or arch portions 36 with the adjacent corners of the upright guide rod 39, thereby minimizing any tendency on the part of the saddle 27 to shake relative to the guide rod, and at the same time, providing additional frictional opposition to free fall. Preferably, a nylon button 85 is inserted in the center of the spring 79 to decrease noise and wear.

When the safety side 11 is mounted along the side of a bed, the guard panel 21 can be moved to its raised po sition by simply elevating it, the latches 73 being auto matically displaced and then returned to their side panel supporting positions.

Lowering of either end of the guard panel 15 is simply accomplished by withdrawing the latch 73 to permit restrained gravity fall of the adjacent end part of the guard panel. As pointed out, the friction developed between the arched portion 81 of the spring 79 in contact with the guide rod 39 causes retarded lowering of the mounting saddle 27, thereby avoiding any noise or rattle during descent. In addition, the rubber bumper 47 also acts to soften the arrival of the mounting saddle 25 at dead bottom, thereby further contributing to quiet operation of the device.

Rattling of the safety side 11 during movement between its positions and particularly upon its arrival at dead bottom is also prevented by the constant pressure between the guide rods 39 and the saddles 27 caused by the biasing action of the springs 7 9, and by the stabilizing effect resulting from the depth of vertical engagement between the end parts 25 of the guard panel 15 and the spaced end parts 25 of the guard panel 15 and the spaced saddle wings 31.

Of course, various advantages of the invention can be realized with safety sides other than that disclosed. Various features of the invention are set forth in the appended claims.

I claim:

1. A safety side for a bed having spaced head and foot end frames, comprising a vertical guide rod adapted to be secured to one of said frames at one corner of the bed, a saddle adapted to slide on said guide rod, and having a pair of horizontally spaced vertical wings extending towards the other end frame, a vertically spaced outer yoke portion extending between and connecting said pair of wings on one side of said guide rod, and an opposing inner yoke portion connecting said wings and disposed on the opposite side of said guide rod, a side panel having one end supported by said saddle and having at said end a part positioned between said wings with a comfortable fit and pivoted on said saddle on a horizontal axis, the other end of said panel being adapted to be supported by the other end frame.

2. A safety side for a bed having spaced head and foot end frames, comprising a'vertical guide rod adapted to be secured to one of said frames at one corner of the bed, a saddle adapted to slide on said guide rod, and having a pair of horizontally spaced vertical wings extending towards the other end frame, a vertically spaced outer yoke portion extending between and connecting the pair of wings on one side of said guide rod, and an opposing inner yoke portion connecting said wings and disposed on the opposite side of said guide rod, a side panel having one end supported by said saddle and having at said end a part positioned between said wings with a comfortable fit and pivoted on said saddle on a horizontal axis, the other end of said panel being adapted to be supported by the other end frame, the arrangement including spring means for resiliently pressing said saddle against said guide rod for frictionally retarding said sliding movement.

3. A safety side mountable along the side of a bed for vertical movement between a raised guard position and a lowered storage position, said safety side comprising a side panel, a pair of spaced vertically extending guide rods adapted to be removably secured to the structure of the bed, a saddle at each end of said side panel for interconnecting the adjacent end of said side panel and the adjacent guide rod, each of said saddles being of U-shape having a central arch and a pair of spaced, vertically positioned wings, said arch having at least one retroverted portion defining, together with at least one unretroverted portion of said arch, a formation slidably encompassing the adjacent guide rod for vertical movement therealong, said wings extending away from said formation in parallel relation to each other to receive said panel therebetween with a comfortable fit, said panel being pivoted between said wings on a horizontal axis, means for releasably holding each end of said side panel in said raised position, and spring means tending to effect relative horizontal movement of said panel and said guide rod for retarding the movement of said saddles along said guide rods during movement of said side panel between said raised and lowered positions.

4. A safety side in accordance with claim 3 in which each of said arches has two vertically spaced retroverted portions and each of said spring means is a leaf spring having upper and lower ears engaged for suppont of said springs by said vertically spaced retroverted arch portions of said saddles, and a central arched portion frictionally engaged with one of said guide rods.

5. A safety side for a bed having spaced head and foot end frames, comprising a vertical guide rod adapted to be secured to one of said frames at one corner of the bed, a saddle mounted on said guide rod for vertical movement thereon and having a pair of horizontally spaced vertical wings extending-therefrom, a side panel having one end pivoted on said saddle on a horizontal axis and having at said end a part embraced between said wings with a comfortable fit, the other end of said panel being adapted to be supported by the other end frame.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS

US3045259A 1960-04-06 1960-04-06 Safety side Expired - Lifetime US3045259A (en)

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US3045259A US3045259A (en) 1960-04-06 1960-04-06 Safety side

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Cited By (17)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3220023A (en) * 1963-06-25 1965-11-30 Joerns Bros Furniture Co Hospital bed safety side rails
US4509217A (en) * 1983-04-04 1985-04-09 Bertec Inc. Guardrail assembly for hospital bed
US4641385A (en) * 1985-07-29 1987-02-10 Simmons Universal Corporation Armboard rail
US4768242A (en) * 1986-11-10 1988-09-06 Loturco Raymond A Bed assembly
US4771492A (en) * 1987-02-25 1988-09-20 Paine Donald A Trip bar for hospital bed crib side
US4850066A (en) * 1988-05-02 1989-07-25 Benoit Roland A Child's crib
US5742959A (en) * 1997-02-21 1998-04-28 Froelich; Staci J. Medical bed with openable top rail
US6474021B2 (en) * 1998-10-09 2002-11-05 Shelley M. Homeyer Collapsible barrier
US20090119839A1 (en) * 2007-09-28 2009-05-14 Pascal Guguin Bed having a retractable side barrier movable to multiple predetermined positions
US7676862B2 (en) 2004-09-13 2010-03-16 Kreg Medical, Inc. Siderail for hospital bed
US7712167B2 (en) 2007-07-06 2010-05-11 Hill-Rom S.A.S. Patient bed with a retractable side barrier
US7712165B2 (en) 2007-07-13 2010-05-11 Hill-Rom S.A.S. Bed with a retractable side barrier
US7743441B2 (en) 2004-09-13 2010-06-29 Kreg Therapeutics, Inc. Expandable width bed
US7757318B2 (en) 2004-09-13 2010-07-20 Kreg Therapeutics, Inc. Mattress for a hospital bed
US7779494B2 (en) 2004-09-13 2010-08-24 Kreg Therapeutics, Inc. Bed having fixed length foot deck
US9119753B2 (en) 2008-06-27 2015-09-01 Kreg Medical, Inc. Bed with modified foot deck
US9155400B1 (en) * 2010-10-08 2015-10-13 Regalo International, Llc Bed rail having one-piece end frames connected to central frame by elastic members

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2048955A (en) * 1934-06-27 1936-07-28 Donald L Showalter Crib appliance for vehicles
US2877490A (en) * 1956-02-27 1959-03-17 Bryant Electric Co Joined article

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2048955A (en) * 1934-06-27 1936-07-28 Donald L Showalter Crib appliance for vehicles
US2877490A (en) * 1956-02-27 1959-03-17 Bryant Electric Co Joined article

Cited By (22)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3220023A (en) * 1963-06-25 1965-11-30 Joerns Bros Furniture Co Hospital bed safety side rails
US4509217A (en) * 1983-04-04 1985-04-09 Bertec Inc. Guardrail assembly for hospital bed
US4641385A (en) * 1985-07-29 1987-02-10 Simmons Universal Corporation Armboard rail
US4768242A (en) * 1986-11-10 1988-09-06 Loturco Raymond A Bed assembly
US4771492A (en) * 1987-02-25 1988-09-20 Paine Donald A Trip bar for hospital bed crib side
US4850066A (en) * 1988-05-02 1989-07-25 Benoit Roland A Child's crib
US5742959A (en) * 1997-02-21 1998-04-28 Froelich; Staci J. Medical bed with openable top rail
US6474021B2 (en) * 1998-10-09 2002-11-05 Shelley M. Homeyer Collapsible barrier
US8056160B2 (en) 2004-09-13 2011-11-15 Kreg Medical, Inc. Siderail for hospital bed
US7676862B2 (en) 2004-09-13 2010-03-16 Kreg Medical, Inc. Siderail for hospital bed
US7779494B2 (en) 2004-09-13 2010-08-24 Kreg Therapeutics, Inc. Bed having fixed length foot deck
US8069514B2 (en) 2004-09-13 2011-12-06 Kreg Medical, Inc. Expandable width bed
US7743441B2 (en) 2004-09-13 2010-06-29 Kreg Therapeutics, Inc. Expandable width bed
US7757318B2 (en) 2004-09-13 2010-07-20 Kreg Therapeutics, Inc. Mattress for a hospital bed
US7712167B2 (en) 2007-07-06 2010-05-11 Hill-Rom S.A.S. Patient bed with a retractable side barrier
US7814588B2 (en) 2007-07-06 2010-10-19 Hill-Rom S.A.S. Patient bed with a retractable side barrier
US7712165B2 (en) 2007-07-13 2010-05-11 Hill-Rom S.A.S. Bed with a retractable side barrier
US7793369B2 (en) 2007-09-28 2010-09-14 Hill-Rom Sas Bed having a retractable side barrier movable to multiple predetermined positions
US20090119839A1 (en) * 2007-09-28 2009-05-14 Pascal Guguin Bed having a retractable side barrier movable to multiple predetermined positions
US9119753B2 (en) 2008-06-27 2015-09-01 Kreg Medical, Inc. Bed with modified foot deck
US9155400B1 (en) * 2010-10-08 2015-10-13 Regalo International, Llc Bed rail having one-piece end frames connected to central frame by elastic members
US10117524B1 (en) * 2010-10-08 2018-11-06 Regalo International, Llc Bed rail having rotating seat for guard frame

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