US3032047A - Storm umbrella - Google Patents

Storm umbrella Download PDF

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Publication number
US3032047A
US3032047A US92585A US9258561A US3032047A US 3032047 A US3032047 A US 3032047A US 92585 A US92585 A US 92585A US 9258561 A US9258561 A US 9258561A US 3032047 A US3032047 A US 3032047A
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Prior art keywords
ribs
umbrella
cover
post
loop
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Expired - Lifetime
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US92585A
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Wendorf Ovaldo
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Wendorf Ovaldo
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A45HAND OR TRAVELLING ARTICLES
    • A45BWALKING STICKS; UMBRELLAS; LADIES' OR LIKE FANS
    • A45B25/00Details of umbrellas
    • A45B25/22Devices for increasing the resistance of umbrellas to wind

Description

y 1, 1962 o. WENDORF 3,032,047

STORM UMBRELLA 3 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed March 1, 1961 IN VEN TOR. OVALDO WEN DORF Q WAJJ Filed March 1, 1961 5 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVEN TOR. OVALDO WENDORF ATTORNEY M y 1, 1962 o. WENDORF 3,032,047

STORM UMBRELLA Filed March 1, 1961 5 Sheets-Sheet 3 IN VEN TOR. OVALDO WENDORF A TTOP/VEV United States Patent Ofilice 3,032,047 STORM UMBRELLA Ovaldo Wendorf, 325 Broadway, Newark, NJ. File-d Mar. 1, 1961, Ser. No. 92,585

7 Claims. (Cl. 13535) This invention concerns an improved umbrella.

According to the invention there is provided a collapsible type umbrella provided with air vents which permit release of air pressure in a high wind. In addition a plurality of guy members are connected between ends of the ribs andthe central umbrella post to prevent the umbrella from turning inside out in a high Wind. The guy members may be flexible cords, chains, or the like.

It is therefore one object of the invention to provide an improved umbrella provided with air pressure release vents and with guy members to prevent the umbrella from turning inside out.

A further object is toprovide a collapsible umbrella withv a plurality of guys connected between the central post and ends of the ribs of the umbrella.

Another object is to provide an umbrella with flexible and quickly mountablev guys for reinforcing the frame thereof and preventing the umbrella from turning inside out.

For further comprehension of the invention, and of the objects and advantages thereof, reference will be had to the following description and accompanying drawings, and to the appended claims in which the various novel features of the invention are more particularly set forth.

In the accompanying drawings forming a material part of this disclosure:

'FIG. 1 is an elevational vieew of an umbrella according to the invention.

FIG. 2 is a top plan view on a reduced scale of the umbrella of FIG. 1.

FIG. 3 is an elevational view of the umbrella in closed position.

" FIG. 4 is a sectional view on an enlarged scale taken on line 4-4 of FIG. 2.

FIG. 5 is a sectional view on a reduced scale taken on line 55 of FIG. 4.

FIG. 6 is a fragmentary perspective view of part of the guy mounting assembly.

FIG. 7 is a bottom plan view of a portion of an open umbrella.

FIG. 8 is a sectional view of the umbrella in partially collapsible position.

FIGS. 9, 10 and 11 are side views of various guy assemblies employable in the umbrella.

Referring to FIGS. 1-8, there is shown an umbrella having a handle 22 and central post 24 to which the handle is joined. The post carries a plurality of long ribs 26 connected at one end to a ring 28 near the end 30 of the post. Intermediate shorter ribs 32 are connected between sliding cylinder 33 and intermediate points 35 of the longer ribs. Further intermediate ribs 34 are con nected between the upper end of cylinder extension 37 and points 35 of the longer ribs. A fabric cover 39 is draped over the ribs 26 and secured thereto at opposite ends thereof. To the extent described, the umbrella is conventional.

According to the invention there is provided a plurality of holes 42 in the fabric cover 39 near the end of the post 24 and between ribs 26 as clearly shown in FIGS. 1, 2, 4 and 5. Over these holes is disposed a circular cap 40. The cap is a flat piece of fabric which is secured only at spaced points 43 to the ribs 26 by stitching or the like. Thus free passages for air exist underneath the unattached portions of cap and through holes 42.

A plurality of guy assemblies are provided for the umbrella. Each guy includes a flexible cord or chain such as the beaded chain 52 shown in FIGS. 4-6, 8 and 9. At its outer end, each guy member is provided with a loop 53 whose ends are knotted and secured in a link 54. The loop is engaged on a spring ring 55. The ring 55 of each guy assembly is engaged on the beaded tip 56 mounted on the end of each rib 26. The other end of each guy member is formed with a loop 58 whose knotted ends are held by link 63; Loop 58 is engaged on the hooked end 59 of a U-shaped spring loop 60. The wider, round end 62 of the loop 60 engages around the post 24 above stationary ring 61. A plurality of loops 60 are thus arranged one above the other on ring 61 as clearly shown in FIGS. 4, 6 and 8. The guy members extend radially of post 24"and are stretched in tension when the umbrella is open as shown in FIG. 4. When the umbrella is closed the guy members are slack, as shown in FIG. 8. The guy members extend alongside of the rib assemblies 32, 34 and prevent the downwardly curved, tensioned ribs 26 from turning upwardly oppositely of their normal tensioned position when the umbrella is open. Thus the umbrella frame and cover are held against turning inside out in a high wind or storm. In addition, the air vents 42 release excess air pressure inside the concavity defined by the umbrella cover so that reversing of the ribs 26 and cover is prevented.

Instead of employing a beaded chain 52 with links 54 and 63 for engaging the loops 53 and 58, there may be provided a cord S2 made of Fiberglas, nylon or the like, colored or uncolored as desired, as shown in FIGS. 7 and 10. The cord 52 may carry a series of decorative, protective colored plastic or metal beads as shown in FIG. 11. Crimped sleeves 51, 67 secure the loops 53 and 58 of the cords.

The guy assemblies can be quickly attached to any umbrella by snapping the rings 55 over the beaded tips 56 and by engaging the loops 60 on the post 24 above ring 61.

While I have illustrated and described the preferred embodies of my invention, it is to be understood that I do not limit myself to the precise constructions herein disclosed and that various changes and modifications may be made within the scope of the invention as defined in the appended claims.

Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new, and desire to secure by United States Letters Patent 1s:

1. A storm umbrella, comprising a frame with collapsible ribs secured at one end to a central post, a fabric cover over said ribs, said cover being stretched tight and the ribs being bent down under tension when the frame is in open position, each of said ribs having a beaded tip, said cover having vents formed near said central post, and a fabric cap covering said vents and attached to the cover at points spaced from the vents to permit free flow of air through the vents and between the cap and cover, there being a plurality of flexible guy members connected between the beaded tips and the central post, said guy members extending radially in tension out from the post when the ribs and cover are tensioned, each of said guy members having a spring ring at one end and a generally U-shaped spring loop at the other end, said ring engaging over a beaded tip while the loop engages around the post.

2. A storm umbrella, comprising a frame with collapsible ribs secured at one end to a central post, a fabric cover over said ribs, said cover being stretched tight and the ribs being bent down under tension when the frame is in open position, each of said ribs having a beaded tip, and a plurality of flexible guy members connected between the beaded tips and the central post, said guy members extending radially in tension out from the post when the Patented May 1', 1962 ribs and cover are tensioned, said central post having a stationary ring thereon, each of said guy members having a spring ring at one end engaged on one of the beaded tips and having a spring loop at the other end engage on the post above said stationary ring.

'3. A storm umbrella, comprising a frame with collapsible ribs secured at one end to a central post, a fabric cover over said ribs, said cover being stretched tight and the ribs being bent down under tension when the frame is in open position, each of said ribs having a beaded tip, and a plurality of flexible guy members connected between the beaded tips and the central post, said guy members extending radially in tension out from the post when the ribs'and cover are tensioned, eachof said guy members being a beaded chain terminating in two links, a first loop engaged in one'of the links and secured on a spring ring, said spring ring being engaged on a beaded tip, a second loop engaged in the other of said links and held on a spring loop, the spring loop engaging on a stationary ring on the central post.

4. A storm umbrella, comprising a frame with collapsible ribs secured at one end to a central post, a fabric cover over said ribs, said cover being stretched tight and the ribs being bent down under tension when the frame is in open position, each of said ribs having a beaded tip, said cover having vents formed near said central'post, and av fabric cap covering said vents and attached to the cover at points-spaced from the vents to permit free flow of air through the vents and between the cap and cover, there being a plurality of flexible guy members connected between the beaded tips and the central post, said guy members extending radially in tension out from the post when the ribs and cover are tensioned, each of said guy members being a beaded chain terminating in two links, a first loop engaged in one of the links and secured on a spring ring, said spring ring being engaged on a beaded tip, a second loop engaged in the other of said links and held on a spring loop, the spring loop engaging on a stationary ring on the central post.

5. A storm .umbrella, comprising a frame with collapsible ribs secured at one end to a central post, a fabric cover over said ribs, said cover being stretched tight and the ribs being bent-down under tension when the frame is in open position, each of said ribs having a beaded tip,

said cover having vents formed near said central post, and a fabric cap covering said vents and attached to the cover at points spaced from the vents to permit free flow of air through the vents and between the cap and cover, there being'a plurality of flexible guy members connected betweenithe beaded tips and the central post, said guy members extending radially in tension out from the post when the ribs and cover are tensioned, each of said guy members being a cord having a loop at each end secured by a crimped sleeve, a spring ring engaged with one loop and a spring loop engaged with the other loop of the cord, the spring ring being engaged on one of the beaded tips, and the spring loop engaged over a stationary ring on the post.

6. A storm umbrella, comprising a frame-with collapsible ribs secured at one end to a central post, a fabric cover over said ribs, said cover being stretched tightand the ribs being bent down under, tension when the frame is in open position, each of said ribs having a beaded tip, and a plurality of flexible guy members connected between the beaded tips and the central post, said guy members extending radially in tension out from the post when the ribs and cover are tensioned, each of said guy members being a cord having a loop at each end securedby a crimped sleeve, a spring ring engaged with one loop and a spring p engaged with the other loop of the cord, the spring ring being engaged on one of the beaded tips, and the spring loop engaged over a stationary ring on the post.

7. A storm umbrella, comprising av frame with collapsible ribs secured at one end to a central post, a fabric cover over said ribs, said cover being stretched tight and the ribs being bent down undertension when the frame is in open position, each of said ribs having. a beaded tip, and a plurality of flexible guy members connected between the beaded tips and the centraltpost, said guy members extending radially in tension out from the post when the ribs and cover are tensioned, each of said guy members being a cord having a loop at each end secured by a crimped sleeve, a spring ring engaged with one loop and a spring loop engaged with the other loop of the cord, the spring ring being engaged on one of the beaded tips, and the spring loop engaged over a stationary ring on the post, there being a plurality of decorative cylindrical beads ,on the cord protecting the same from wear.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 567,082 Dudley Sept.1, 1896 597,717 Illoway Jan. 25, 1898 1,031,974 Thomas July 9, 1912 2,522,645 Senna Sept. 19, 1950 FOREIGN PATENTS 501,337 France Jan. 22, 192D

US92585A 1961-03-01 1961-03-01 Storm umbrella Expired - Lifetime US3032047A (en)

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Cited By (29)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3362419A (en) * 1966-03-25 1968-01-09 American Telephone & Telegraph Cable splicing umbrella
US3456661A (en) * 1967-02-13 1969-07-22 Francois C Vigier Windproof umbrella
US3802451A (en) * 1972-02-03 1974-04-09 G Morris Inflatable weather shield
US4203457A (en) * 1978-03-13 1980-05-20 Friedman Meyer Attachable portable umbrella
US4300582A (en) * 1979-11-26 1981-11-17 Desarno James G Storm umbrella
US4407317A (en) * 1981-03-16 1983-10-04 Melvin Crandall Umbrella reversal prevention structure
US4804008A (en) * 1987-10-28 1989-02-14 Ryder Peter M Windproof umbrella
US4865063A (en) * 1988-09-05 1989-09-12 Williams Curtis J Wind resistive umbrella
WO1990009118A1 (en) * 1989-02-10 1990-08-23 Holtz, Leonard Windproof umbrella
US4998551A (en) * 1989-01-30 1991-03-12 Winpro Industries Umbrella with canopy rotator joint
US5065779A (en) * 1989-02-10 1991-11-19 Leonard Holtz Windproof umbrella
US5131422A (en) * 1991-03-12 1992-07-21 Victor Aronov Device for protecting an umbrella against inversion
US5289839A (en) * 1992-07-02 1994-03-01 Lombardo John L Wind-resistant umbrella
FR2731328A1 (en) * 1995-03-09 1996-09-13 Jacquet Alain Gerard Umbrella with holes to prevent damage by wind
US5826604A (en) * 1996-02-08 1998-10-27 Hartmann; Hans-Jorg Standing umbrella
US5890506A (en) * 1997-02-24 1999-04-06 Kupferman; Glenn Umbrella and umbrella canopy
US5921259A (en) * 1997-12-11 1999-07-13 Ehler; John A. Portable shade for a vehicle
US6186157B1 (en) * 1999-10-04 2001-02-13 Fu Tai Umbrella Works, Ltd. Windproof umbrella having compact folded structure
US6202662B1 (en) * 1999-03-05 2001-03-20 Lin Yao-Chin Ventilated umbrella
US6250319B1 (en) * 2000-05-03 2001-06-26 Ching-Chuan You Vented umbrella
US6588356B2 (en) * 1999-11-29 2003-07-08 Rod Buchanan Water hook
GB2390016A (en) * 2002-06-25 2003-12-31 Eleanor Hall A wind resistant umbrella with air vents
US20040149327A1 (en) * 2003-01-30 2004-08-05 Ching-Chuan You Windproof umbrella
US20140283888A1 (en) * 2012-07-25 2014-09-25 Aubrey Michael Gray Umbrella Anti-Inversion Apparatus
US20140326284A1 (en) * 2013-05-02 2014-11-06 Zhejiang Hengfeng Top Leisure Co., Ltd. Umbrella cover and beach umbrella
US20150129005A1 (en) * 2012-02-03 2015-05-14 Richard David Heale Umbrella
US9986799B1 (en) * 2017-08-11 2018-06-05 Daniel P. King Wind-proof dual canopy system
USD822368S1 (en) * 2016-12-21 2018-07-10 Ching-Chuan You Two layers umbrella
US20190116949A1 (en) * 2017-10-23 2019-04-25 David Mulford Umbrella anti-inversion device

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US567082A (en) * 1896-09-01 Umbrella
US597717A (en) * 1898-01-25 Nettie illoway
US1031974A (en) * 1912-05-28 1912-07-09 Amos W Thomas Umbrella.
FR501337A (en) * 1918-07-03 1920-04-09 Maurice Higelin Improvements in umbrellas
US2522645A (en) * 1949-04-19 1950-09-19 Salvatore M Senna Umbrella

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US567082A (en) * 1896-09-01 Umbrella
US597717A (en) * 1898-01-25 Nettie illoway
US1031974A (en) * 1912-05-28 1912-07-09 Amos W Thomas Umbrella.
FR501337A (en) * 1918-07-03 1920-04-09 Maurice Higelin Improvements in umbrellas
US2522645A (en) * 1949-04-19 1950-09-19 Salvatore M Senna Umbrella

Cited By (36)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3362419A (en) * 1966-03-25 1968-01-09 American Telephone & Telegraph Cable splicing umbrella
US3456661A (en) * 1967-02-13 1969-07-22 Francois C Vigier Windproof umbrella
US3802451A (en) * 1972-02-03 1974-04-09 G Morris Inflatable weather shield
US4203457A (en) * 1978-03-13 1980-05-20 Friedman Meyer Attachable portable umbrella
US4300582A (en) * 1979-11-26 1981-11-17 Desarno James G Storm umbrella
US4407317A (en) * 1981-03-16 1983-10-04 Melvin Crandall Umbrella reversal prevention structure
US4804008A (en) * 1987-10-28 1989-02-14 Ryder Peter M Windproof umbrella
US4865063A (en) * 1988-09-05 1989-09-12 Williams Curtis J Wind resistive umbrella
US4998551A (en) * 1989-01-30 1991-03-12 Winpro Industries Umbrella with canopy rotator joint
US4979534A (en) * 1989-02-10 1990-12-25 Leonard Holtz Windproof umbrella
WO1990009118A1 (en) * 1989-02-10 1990-08-23 Holtz, Leonard Windproof umbrella
US5065779A (en) * 1989-02-10 1991-11-19 Leonard Holtz Windproof umbrella
US5487401A (en) * 1989-02-10 1996-01-30 Leonard Holtz Windproof umbrella
US5368055A (en) * 1989-02-10 1994-11-29 Leonard Holtz Windproof umbrella
US5277212A (en) * 1991-03-12 1994-01-11 Victor Aronov Device for protecting an umbrella against inversion
US5131422A (en) * 1991-03-12 1992-07-21 Victor Aronov Device for protecting an umbrella against inversion
US5289839A (en) * 1992-07-02 1994-03-01 Lombardo John L Wind-resistant umbrella
FR2731328A1 (en) * 1995-03-09 1996-09-13 Jacquet Alain Gerard Umbrella with holes to prevent damage by wind
US5826604A (en) * 1996-02-08 1998-10-27 Hartmann; Hans-Jorg Standing umbrella
US5890506A (en) * 1997-02-24 1999-04-06 Kupferman; Glenn Umbrella and umbrella canopy
US5921259A (en) * 1997-12-11 1999-07-13 Ehler; John A. Portable shade for a vehicle
US6202662B1 (en) * 1999-03-05 2001-03-20 Lin Yao-Chin Ventilated umbrella
US6186157B1 (en) * 1999-10-04 2001-02-13 Fu Tai Umbrella Works, Ltd. Windproof umbrella having compact folded structure
US6588356B2 (en) * 1999-11-29 2003-07-08 Rod Buchanan Water hook
US6250319B1 (en) * 2000-05-03 2001-06-26 Ching-Chuan You Vented umbrella
GB2390016A (en) * 2002-06-25 2003-12-31 Eleanor Hall A wind resistant umbrella with air vents
US20040149327A1 (en) * 2003-01-30 2004-08-05 Ching-Chuan You Windproof umbrella
US20150129005A1 (en) * 2012-02-03 2015-05-14 Richard David Heale Umbrella
US10448716B2 (en) * 2012-02-03 2019-10-22 Richard David Heale Umbrella
US8939163B2 (en) * 2012-07-25 2015-01-27 Aubrey Michael Gray Umbrella anti-inversion apparatus
US20140283888A1 (en) * 2012-07-25 2014-09-25 Aubrey Michael Gray Umbrella Anti-Inversion Apparatus
US20140326284A1 (en) * 2013-05-02 2014-11-06 Zhejiang Hengfeng Top Leisure Co., Ltd. Umbrella cover and beach umbrella
US9173461B2 (en) * 2013-05-02 2015-11-03 Zhejiang Hengfeng Top Leisure Co., Ltd. Umbrella cover and beach umbrella
USD822368S1 (en) * 2016-12-21 2018-07-10 Ching-Chuan You Two layers umbrella
US9986799B1 (en) * 2017-08-11 2018-06-05 Daniel P. King Wind-proof dual canopy system
US20190116949A1 (en) * 2017-10-23 2019-04-25 David Mulford Umbrella anti-inversion device

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