US3013281A - Invalid bed - Google Patents

Invalid bed Download PDF

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Publication number
US3013281A
US3013281A US80833859A US3013281A US 3013281 A US3013281 A US 3013281A US 80833859 A US80833859 A US 80833859A US 3013281 A US3013281 A US 3013281A
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bed
mattress
sections
support
patient
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Expired - Lifetime
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Jesse E Steiner
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Jesse E Steiner
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT OR ACCOMODATION FOR PATIENTS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G7/00Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons
    • A61G7/002Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons having adjustable mattress frame
    • A61G7/008Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons having adjustable mattress frame tiltable around longitudinal axis, e.g. for rolling

Description

J. E. STEINER Dec. 19, 1961 INVALID BED Filed April 25, 1959 INVENTOR.

BY Jessa E. STEINER vvawb United Sntes Patent 3,013,281 INVALID BED Jesse E. Steiner, Pandora Box 404, 705 S. Jefferson St., Pandora, Ohio Filed Apr. 23, 1959, Ser. No. 808,338 1 Claim. (Cl. 562) This invention relates to an improved invalid bed and more particularly to such a bed having a tiltable mattress support comprising three longitudinal planar sections, the outer two of which extend upwardly from the center one and at an angle thereto.

Tiltable invalid beds are well known in the art and have been made with both straight and arcuate mattress supports. Beds with straight mattress supports generally have been used to enable easy transfer of a patient from the bed to another one, or to turn the patient over. Beds with arcuate mattress supports have been used to enable easier transfer of a patient to another bed, to turn the patient over, or to provide the patient with a change in position on a different portion of the bed. However, when beds with arcuate mattress supports are used for the latter purpose, such beds are relatively unsatisfactory because the patient is constantly lying on a curved portion of the bed and, hence, is uncomfortable.

The present invention relates to an improved invalid bed having a mattress support of three planar sections, the outer two of which extend at an angle upwardly from the center one. A patient can lie on any of the three sections and be as comfortable as in a conventional bed. The patient can be transferred to another bed, or be turned or shifted to another part of the bed and to another part of his body as easily as with those beds having curved mattress supports as heretofore proposed. The danger of bed sores is practically eliminated with the new bed because the patient can be shifted from one planar mattress supporting section to another any number of times a day, so that bodily contact with the bed will be changed a sutficient amount to prevent such sores.

it is, therefore, a principal object of the invention to provide an improved invalid bed on which a patient can lie equally comfortably on any of three planar mattress supporting sections.

Another object of the invention is to provide an improved invalid bed on which a patient can be shifted easily yet be as comfortable as on a conventional bed.

Other objects of the invention will be suggested from the following detailed description of a preferred embodiment thereof, reference being made to the accompanying drawing, in which:

FIG. 1 is an overall view in perspective of an invalid bed according to the invention, with a mattress thereon; and

FIG. 2 is a sectional view taken on line 22 of FIG. 1 with the mattress shown in FIG. I removed.

An invalid bed according to the invention is indicated by the numeral it and includes a mattress support 12 and a base 14. A mattress 16 rests on the mattress support 12 which includes two outer planar sections 18 and 20, which extend upwardly from a substantially planar, central section 22 and at an angle of about 20-35 thereto. The outer sections 18 and 20 can be formed by sheets 24 of wood or metal with the central section 22 includes two outer slats 26 and 28, tilted upwardly and outwardly, and two center slats 3t) and 32, also tilted up- Patented Dec. 19, 1961 wardly and outwardly. The upper edges of all four slats protrude slightly from the general plane of the central section 22 to resist movement of the mattress. Thus, the upper edges of the slats 26 and 30 resist movement of the mattress toward the right and upper edges of the slats 28 and 32 resist movement toward the left. The outer edges of the sections 18 and 20 are provided with side boards 33 and 34 also to aid in maintaining the mattress 1-6 in position.

The sheets 24 and slats 26, 28, 30 and 32 are held in position by a plurality of cross braces 35 spaced at substantially equal distances along the length of the bed 10. The cross braces 35 are tiltable about a shaft 36 to which the braces are attached by means of clamps 37 which are keyed to the shaft 36 and are suitably aifixed to the braces 35. The shaft 36 is rotatably mounted in bearing blocks 38 which are mounted on end cross members 40 and 42 and an intermediate cross member 44 of the base 14. The cross members are connected to longitudinal members 46 and 48 which are supported by legs 50.

The mattress support 12 is tilted by rotation of the shaft 36 to which a worm wheel 52 is aifixed. The worm wheel 52 is driven by a worm 54 on a Worm shaft 56 which extends outwardly beyond the members 46 and 48 on both sides of the bed and is connected to cranks 58 and 60.

When either of the cranks 58 or 60 is turned, the worm 54 and the worm wheel 52 rotate the shaft 36 which tilts the support 12 through the clamps 37 and the cross braces 35. The support 12 can be tilted either way until either of the outer planar sections 18 and 20 is substantially horizontal with stops 62 contacting the longitudinal members 46 and 48.

It will be seen that when any of the sections 18, 20 and 22 is horizontal, the corresponding portion of the mattress 16 will also be horizontal and a patient thereon will be as comfortable as if on a conventional bed. However, the patient can be shifted from one portion of the mattress to another, lying on his side on the side sections and on his back on the center section, and the contact of his body with the mattress can also be easily changed simply by turning the crank 58 or 60 to rotate one of the other planar sections .18, 20 and 22 to a horizontal position.

Many modifications will be apparent from the above detailed description of a preferred embodiment of the invention, and such modifications can be incorporated without departing from the scope of the invention, if within the scope of the appended claim.

I claim:

In an invalid bed, a base, a mattress support comprising three longitudinally-extending, parallel sections, means for rigidly connecting said sections with the outer two extending upwardly from the center section at equal angles thereto of about 20-35 degrees, tilted slats extending longitudinally only on said center section for resisting movement of said mattress on said support, the edges of said slats toward the center of said center section being tilted downwardly and the edges of said slats away from the center of said center section being tilted upwardly, whereby the upwardly extending edges are adapted to engage the mattress and prevent it from sliding in either lateral direction when said support is tilted, means for rotating'said support about an axis parallel to the longitudinal extent of and below said center section, said axis being symmetrical with respect to said support, and means for limiting the rotation of said support in each direction to limit the movement of the outer sections to substantially horizontal positions.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 4 Pilates Sept. 13, 1932 Comper et a1. May 26, 1942 Blackman Sept. 12, 1950 Lang Mar. 11, 1952 Keyes Oct. 14, 1952 Wetzler Oct. 1, 1957 FOREIGN PATENTS Great Britain 1879 Australia Oct. 8, 1957

US3013281A 1959-04-23 1959-04-23 Invalid bed Expired - Lifetime US3013281A (en)

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Cited By (34)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3210778A (en) * 1963-01-16 1965-10-12 Robinson Luther Hospital bed
US3284815A (en) * 1963-04-18 1966-11-15 Grossman Tiltable beds
US3862454A (en) * 1972-08-26 1975-01-28 Icf De Padova S R L Divan having adjustable catenary and horizontal layout positions
US3944204A (en) * 1973-05-29 1976-03-16 C.G.R. Generay S.P.A. Radiological examination table
US3999539A (en) * 1975-12-10 1976-12-28 Meador Robert L Water filled orthopedic chair
US4114209A (en) * 1977-05-31 1978-09-19 Sandlin Joseph P Tilting attachment for a bed
WO1980002109A1 (en) * 1979-04-03 1980-10-16 H Gisiger Bed for sick person
US4256095A (en) * 1972-01-24 1981-03-17 Graham David J Electromechanical therapeutic apparatus
US4654903A (en) * 1985-05-07 1987-04-07 Nova Technologies, Inc. Bedsore prevention device in an invalid bed arrangement
DE3723306A1 (en) * 1987-06-09 1988-12-22 Linda Fuchs Bed for snore
US5103511A (en) * 1990-03-01 1992-04-14 Hector Sequin Oscillatory bed
US5754998A (en) * 1996-08-19 1998-05-26 Selton; Daniel E. Therapeutic bedding pad
US6038717A (en) * 1996-03-22 2000-03-21 Errarp Innovation Ab Device for a bed
US6260553B1 (en) 1999-10-28 2001-07-17 Robert J. Mann Infant bed having a tiltable sleeping surface and method of treating positional plagiocephaly
US20030033674A1 (en) * 1999-10-28 2003-02-20 Mann Robert J. Infant garment and methods for treating positional plagiocephaly
US6651281B1 (en) * 1999-05-04 2003-11-25 Donjac Pty. Ltd. Support assembly means
WO2004019851A1 (en) * 2002-08-29 2004-03-11 Arne W Andersson Konstruktion Ab Nursing bed
US20040148703A1 (en) * 2002-11-15 2004-08-05 Ulrich Doering Operating table
US20050034239A1 (en) * 1999-10-28 2005-02-17 Mann Robert J. System having a tiltable sleeping surface and method for preventing positional plagiocephaly
US20050262635A1 (en) * 2004-05-28 2005-12-01 Wing Thomas W Tilt bed
US20060117483A1 (en) * 2004-12-02 2006-06-08 Devitt Chad M Tiltable vetinary surgical cradle
WO2007010218A2 (en) * 2005-07-20 2007-01-25 Huntleigh Technology Limited Bed assembly
US20080109965A1 (en) * 2006-11-14 2008-05-15 L&P Property Management Company Anti-Snore Bed Having Inflatable Members
US20080155750A1 (en) * 2006-12-29 2008-07-03 L&P Property Management Company Anti-Snore Bedding Having Adjustable Portions
US20080282469A1 (en) * 2005-07-20 2008-11-20 Stephen Hayes Hinge For Bed Frame Assembly
EP2020887A1 (en) * 2006-05-10 2009-02-11 Jon Olav Prösch Device for furniture
US20090089930A1 (en) * 2007-10-09 2009-04-09 Eduardo Rene Benzo Bed with Adjustable Patient Support Framework
US20090094746A1 (en) * 2007-10-14 2009-04-16 Ferraresi Rodolfo W Bed With Sacral and Trochanter Pressure Relieve Functions
US20090094744A1 (en) * 2007-10-14 2009-04-16 Eduardo Rene Benzo Support Surface That Modulates to Cradle a Patient's Midsection
US20090094745A1 (en) * 2007-10-14 2009-04-16 Eduardo Rene Benzo Modulating Support Surface to Aid Patient Entry and Exit
US20100192300A1 (en) * 2008-10-28 2010-08-05 Tannoury Tony Y Prone and laterally angled surgical device and method
US20110219544A1 (en) * 2010-02-19 2011-09-15 Howard Johnston Oscillating bed
US8832887B2 (en) 2012-08-20 2014-09-16 L&P Property Management Company Anti-snore bed having inflatable members
US9724254B2 (en) 2014-10-03 2017-08-08 Daryl L. Cole Adjustable bed

Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US194832A (en) * 1877-09-04 Improvement in bed-bottoms
US993636A (en) * 1909-06-16 1911-05-30 Levi N Bachand Furniture.
US1149407A (en) * 1913-11-01 1915-08-10 Scott T Power Subcar.
US1677218A (en) * 1926-04-28 1928-07-17 Shand George Bed
US1876743A (en) * 1930-06-20 1932-09-13 Joseph H Pilates Bed or couch
US2284470A (en) * 1941-03-20 1942-05-26 American Sterilizer Co Labor or similar bed
US2522018A (en) * 1948-11-06 1950-09-12 Norman S Blackman Bed
US2588854A (en) * 1946-12-11 1952-03-11 Helen E Lang Mattress holder
US2613371A (en) * 1950-06-16 1952-10-14 Jr Kenneth S Keyes Turnover bed
US2807808A (en) * 1954-05-21 1957-10-01 Englander Co Inc Vertically adjustable hospital bed

Patent Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US194832A (en) * 1877-09-04 Improvement in bed-bottoms
US993636A (en) * 1909-06-16 1911-05-30 Levi N Bachand Furniture.
US1149407A (en) * 1913-11-01 1915-08-10 Scott T Power Subcar.
US1677218A (en) * 1926-04-28 1928-07-17 Shand George Bed
US1876743A (en) * 1930-06-20 1932-09-13 Joseph H Pilates Bed or couch
US2284470A (en) * 1941-03-20 1942-05-26 American Sterilizer Co Labor or similar bed
US2588854A (en) * 1946-12-11 1952-03-11 Helen E Lang Mattress holder
US2522018A (en) * 1948-11-06 1950-09-12 Norman S Blackman Bed
US2613371A (en) * 1950-06-16 1952-10-14 Jr Kenneth S Keyes Turnover bed
US2807808A (en) * 1954-05-21 1957-10-01 Englander Co Inc Vertically adjustable hospital bed

Cited By (50)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3210778A (en) * 1963-01-16 1965-10-12 Robinson Luther Hospital bed
US3284815A (en) * 1963-04-18 1966-11-15 Grossman Tiltable beds
US4256095A (en) * 1972-01-24 1981-03-17 Graham David J Electromechanical therapeutic apparatus
US3862454A (en) * 1972-08-26 1975-01-28 Icf De Padova S R L Divan having adjustable catenary and horizontal layout positions
US3944204A (en) * 1973-05-29 1976-03-16 C.G.R. Generay S.P.A. Radiological examination table
US3999539A (en) * 1975-12-10 1976-12-28 Meador Robert L Water filled orthopedic chair
US4114209A (en) * 1977-05-31 1978-09-19 Sandlin Joseph P Tilting attachment for a bed
WO1980002109A1 (en) * 1979-04-03 1980-10-16 H Gisiger Bed for sick person
US4654903A (en) * 1985-05-07 1987-04-07 Nova Technologies, Inc. Bedsore prevention device in an invalid bed arrangement
DE3723306A1 (en) * 1987-06-09 1988-12-22 Linda Fuchs Bed for snore
US5103511A (en) * 1990-03-01 1992-04-14 Hector Sequin Oscillatory bed
US6038717A (en) * 1996-03-22 2000-03-21 Errarp Innovation Ab Device for a bed
US5754998A (en) * 1996-08-19 1998-05-26 Selton; Daniel E. Therapeutic bedding pad
US5910080A (en) * 1996-08-19 1999-06-08 Selton; Daniel E. Therapeutic bedding pad
US6651281B1 (en) * 1999-05-04 2003-11-25 Donjac Pty. Ltd. Support assembly means
US6260553B1 (en) 1999-10-28 2001-07-17 Robert J. Mann Infant bed having a tiltable sleeping surface and method of treating positional plagiocephaly
US6421855B2 (en) 1999-10-28 2002-07-23 Robert J. Mann Infant bed having a tiltable sleeping surface for treating and prevention of positional plagiocephaly
US20030033674A1 (en) * 1999-10-28 2003-02-20 Mann Robert J. Infant garment and methods for treating positional plagiocephaly
US20050034239A1 (en) * 1999-10-28 2005-02-17 Mann Robert J. System having a tiltable sleeping surface and method for preventing positional plagiocephaly
US7171710B2 (en) 1999-10-28 2007-02-06 Mann Robert J System having a tiltable sleeping surface and method for preventing positional plagiocephaly
WO2004019851A1 (en) * 2002-08-29 2004-03-11 Arne W Andersson Konstruktion Ab Nursing bed
US20040148703A1 (en) * 2002-11-15 2004-08-05 Ulrich Doering Operating table
US20050262635A1 (en) * 2004-05-28 2005-12-01 Wing Thomas W Tilt bed
US20060117483A1 (en) * 2004-12-02 2006-06-08 Devitt Chad M Tiltable vetinary surgical cradle
US7895689B2 (en) 2005-07-20 2011-03-01 Huntleigh Technology Limited Bed assembly
WO2007010218A2 (en) * 2005-07-20 2007-01-25 Huntleigh Technology Limited Bed assembly
US8528704B2 (en) 2005-07-20 2013-09-10 Huntleigh Technology Limited Bed castor and brake assembly
US8397324B2 (en) 2005-07-20 2013-03-19 Huntleigh Technology Limited Hinge for bed frame assembly
US20080282469A1 (en) * 2005-07-20 2008-11-20 Stephen Hayes Hinge For Bed Frame Assembly
US20080295248A1 (en) * 2005-07-20 2008-12-04 Stephen Hayes Bed Assembly
US20090113633A1 (en) * 2005-07-20 2009-05-07 Stephen Hayes Bed assembly
WO2007010218A3 (en) * 2005-07-20 2007-04-12 Stephen Hayes Bed assembly
EP2020887A4 (en) * 2006-05-10 2011-12-07 Jon Olav Proesch Device for furniture
EP2020887A1 (en) * 2006-05-10 2009-02-11 Jon Olav Prösch Device for furniture
US7513003B2 (en) 2006-11-14 2009-04-07 L & P Property Management Company Anti-snore bed having inflatable members
US20080109965A1 (en) * 2006-11-14 2008-05-15 L&P Property Management Company Anti-Snore Bed Having Inflatable Members
US20080155750A1 (en) * 2006-12-29 2008-07-03 L&P Property Management Company Anti-Snore Bedding Having Adjustable Portions
US7522062B2 (en) 2006-12-29 2009-04-21 L&P Property Managment Company Anti-snore bedding having adjustable portions
US7761942B2 (en) 2007-10-09 2010-07-27 Bedlab, Llc Bed with adjustable patient support framework
US20090089930A1 (en) * 2007-10-09 2009-04-09 Eduardo Rene Benzo Bed with Adjustable Patient Support Framework
US7716762B2 (en) 2007-10-14 2010-05-18 Bedlab, Llc Bed with sacral and trochanter pressure relieve functions
US20090094746A1 (en) * 2007-10-14 2009-04-16 Ferraresi Rodolfo W Bed With Sacral and Trochanter Pressure Relieve Functions
US20090094744A1 (en) * 2007-10-14 2009-04-16 Eduardo Rene Benzo Support Surface That Modulates to Cradle a Patient's Midsection
US20090094745A1 (en) * 2007-10-14 2009-04-16 Eduardo Rene Benzo Modulating Support Surface to Aid Patient Entry and Exit
US7886379B2 (en) 2007-10-14 2011-02-15 Bedlab, Llc Support surface that modulates to cradle a patient's midsection
US20100192300A1 (en) * 2008-10-28 2010-08-05 Tannoury Tony Y Prone and laterally angled surgical device and method
US8635725B2 (en) * 2008-10-28 2014-01-28 Tony Y. Tannoury Prone and laterally angled surgical device and method
US20110219544A1 (en) * 2010-02-19 2011-09-15 Howard Johnston Oscillating bed
US8832887B2 (en) 2012-08-20 2014-09-16 L&P Property Management Company Anti-snore bed having inflatable members
US9724254B2 (en) 2014-10-03 2017-08-08 Daryl L. Cole Adjustable bed

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