US3004697A - Tear line construction for paperboard cartons - Google Patents

Tear line construction for paperboard cartons Download PDF

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Publication number
US3004697A
US3004697A US692431A US69243157A US3004697A US 3004697 A US3004697 A US 3004697A US 692431 A US692431 A US 692431A US 69243157 A US69243157 A US 69243157A US 3004697 A US3004697 A US 3004697A
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Prior art keywords
tear
line
lines
cut
construction
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Expired - Lifetime
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US692431A
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Orison W Stone
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Continental Can Company Inc
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Continental Can Company Inc
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Application filed by Continental Can Company Inc filed Critical Continental Can Company Inc
Priority to US692431A priority Critical patent/US3004697A/en
Priority claimed from US14508161 external-priority patent/US3036755A/en
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Publication of US3004697A publication Critical patent/US3004697A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D5/00Rigid or semi-rigid containers of polygonal cross-section, e.g. boxes, cartons or trays, formed by folding or erecting one or more blanks made of paper
    • B65D5/42Details of containers or of foldable or erectable container blanks
    • B65D5/54Lines of weakness to facilitate opening of container or dividing it into separate parts by cutting or tearing
    • B65D5/5405Lines of weakness to facilitate opening of container or dividing it into separate parts by cutting or tearing for opening containers formed by erecting a blank in tubular form
    • B65D5/542Lines of weakness to facilitate opening of container or dividing it into separate parts by cutting or tearing for opening containers formed by erecting a blank in tubular form the lines of weakness being provided in the container body
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D5/00Rigid or semi-rigid containers of polygonal cross-section, e.g. boxes, cartons or trays, formed by folding or erecting one or more blanks made of paper
    • B65D5/42Details of containers or of foldable or erectable container blanks
    • B65D5/4266Folding lines, score lines, crease lines
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10T428/15Sheet, web, or layer weakened to permit separation through thickness

Description

Oct. 17, 1961 o. w. STONE 3,004,697

TEAR LINE CONSTRUCTION FOR PAPERBOARD CARTONS Filed 00t- 25, 1957 2 Sheets-Sheet 1- Ell 65:2

IN VEN TOR.

ORISON W. STONE Oct. 17, 1961 o. w. STONE' 3,004,697

TEAR LINE CONSTRUCTION FOR PAPERBOARD CARTONS Filed Oct. 25, 1957 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 IN V EN TOR.

ORISON W. STON E AT NEYS.

United States ate The invention relates to improvements in the construction of tear lines, and more particularly to the configuration and arrangement of tear lines made up of a succession of spaced out lines knifed into, or through the paperboard stock. My invention is useful wherever tear lines are employed: for example, along the edge of a cover or cover opening, around the sides of a coupon section, across or around the body of a carton to assist in opening the carton or to form a hinged cover at one end, or along the edges of a tab for a pouring opening or a re-closure and so on.

A common difficulty with tear lines is that the line of tearing will often wander away from the cuts or perforations which are supposed to control the direction, or directions, of tear. Sometimes a succession of cut lin'es arranged at an angle to the line of tear will be used, but the trouble with this is that there is a tendency to tear away to the outside of the forward ends of such cuts. What may happen is that the paperboard stock will begin to tear at the end of a cut, the line of tear continuing from this point to the outside of its intended course, in which circumstance the actual tear will miss the succeeding cut altogether. Once this occurs, the tear goes out of control and may miss a whole series of cuts before getting back on the beam.

1 have found that a much more certain control of the direction and course of actual tearing can be secured by arranging a succession of spaced cut lines at an angle to the line of tear, using cut lines which are hooked around in the general direction of the line of tear. With this construction a tear which begins to wander to either side of the forward end of a cut will nevertheless be quite certain to cross the path of the succeeding cut. The effect might be described as one in which wandering of the tear is corrected within the space of two adjacent cuts. Thus the course of tearing is corrected at close intervals, the correction being made quite certain by reason of the special configuration and arrangement of the cuts. The cuts may be hooked only at their forward ends (forward in relation to the direction of tearing), or at both ends. In the first instance, the cuts may be described as having the general configuration of Js, .1 being defined as inclusive of its mirror image. Thus in the case of a tear tab outlined by two spaced tear lines, we might have Js along one of them and reverse Js along the other. In the second instance, the cuts may be described as having the general configuration of Ss. Here we might have Ss along one tear line and reverse Ss along a second tear line spaced from, and perhaps parallel to the first. The hooks at the forward ends of the S-cuts and J-cuts may be generally similar to one another and in either instance the tearing action beginning at the forward book will be quite certain to cross the path of the next succeeding cut. This is the sine qua non of a perfectly controlled tear line.

With reference to the drawings I shall now describe the best mode contemplated by me for carrying out my invention.

FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a window cover having tear lines constructed according to my invention for tearing open the cover across the corners of the carton.

FIG. 2 is a perspective view of another form of carton to illustrate how my improved tear line construction can be applied to a tear-out strip extending around one or more sides of the carton.

FIG. 3 is a top view of the carton of FIG. 1.

FIG. 4 is an enlarged view of a section of the tear-out band and adjacent portions of the side wall of the carton of FIG. 2. 7

FIG. 5 is a view similar to FIG. 4, showing a modification of my tear line construction.

In the construction shown in FIGS. 1 and 3, there are spaced tear lines 6 and 7 each comprising a succession of spaced cut lines 8 arranged at an angle to the line of tear and having hooked ends 9. Notice that the ends 9 are hooked around in the general direction of the line of tear; and that when cover tearing tab 10 is broken out and away from the front of the carton, and is pulled up and over as shown in FIG. 1 the hooked ends 9 are eifective to control the course of tearing so that it will cross the path of each succeeding cut 8. This will be explained more exactly with reference to FIG. 3 in which the arrow a represents, diagrammatically, the direction of pull. Relative to direction a, the forward end of each hook 9 lies within the ends of the succeeding cut 8 (by the distances represented at b and 0 respectively). If the tear which begins at the tip of the hook 9 wanders as much as 45 to port or starboard of the direction of pull a, it will nevertheless cross the path of the next succeeding cut 8 which in turn will direct the beginning of a new tear at its tip 9, and so on. The tiny triangular shaded area in FIG. 3 illustrates the action diagrammatically with reference to the assumed sector over which tearing might take place. This sector would encompass the most extreme variations in the course of tearing which normally could be anticipated. In any event, and regardless of the theory which may be suggested to explain the tearing action control, I have found that my hookedend cut lines, when arranged as shown and described, are most efiective in producing a tearing action which follows its intended course.

The cut lines 8 have been described as having ends 9 hooked around in the general direction of the line of tear. These cut lines are characterized further by the fact that the end portion 9 of each is turned in toward an adjacent portion of the succeeding out line. Also, in the particular embodiments shown in FIGS. 1 to 4 in elusive, the opposite end portion 11 of each out line is turned in the opposite direction. This results in a tear line construction 6 which may be described as comprising a succession of similarly disposed spaced out lines of the general configuration of Ss; or, defining S as being inclusive of its mirror image, this will include also the tear line construction 7 in which the Ss are reversed. Ineither case 6 or case 7, the forward end 9 of each cut is hooked around in the general direction of the line of tear and is turned in toward an adjacent portion of the succeeding cut lines. Also in each case the opposite end of each cut is turned in the opposite direction. Thus the diverging spaced tear lines 6 and 7 of the construction shown in FIGS. 1 and 3 are complementary, as are also the parallel spaced tear lines 12 and 13 of the construction shown in FIGS. 2 and 4. The latter construction is utilized here to provide a tear-out strip 14 extending around three sides of the carton.

In the modified construction shown in FIG. 5, complementary tear lines 15 and 16 comprise a succession of spaced cut lines 17 arranged at an angle to the line of tear and having ends 18 disposed in the manner already described in detail with reference to the ends 9 of cuts 8, and for the same purposes. This results in a tear line construction 15 which may be described as comprising a succession of similarly disposed spaced cut lines of the general configuration of Js; or defining J as being inclusive of its mirror image, this will include also the tear line construction 16 in which the Js are reversed. .In either case 15 or 16, the forward end 18 of each cut is hooked around in the general direction of the line of tear and is turned in toward an adjacent portion of the succeeding cut line. The cut lines comprised in tear line 16 are arranged at a reverse angle to those comprised in tear line 15 and the two tear lines are thus complementary to one another.

The terms and expressions which I have employed are used in a descriptive and not a limiting sense, and I have no intention of excluding such equivalents of the invention described, or of portions thereof, as fall within the scope of the claims.

Iclaim:

1. In a carton made of paperboard stock, -a tear line which comprises a succession of similarly disposed spaced out lines arranged at an angle of approximately forty-five degrees to the line of tear, each cut line having at its forward end a hooked portion directed sharply around toward the line of tear at an angle of approximately forty- References Qited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,336,646 Mendenhall Apr. 13, 1920 2,215,705 Lenz Sept. 24, 1940 2,285,542 Tasker June 9, 1942 2,680,558 Mai June 8, 1954 FOREIGN PATENTS 8,129 Switzerland Feb. 27, 1894 251,136 Switzerland July 16, 1948

US692431A 1957-10-25 1957-10-25 Tear line construction for paperboard cartons Expired - Lifetime US3004697A (en)

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US692431A US3004697A (en) 1957-10-25 1957-10-25 Tear line construction for paperboard cartons
US14508161 US3036755A (en) 1957-10-25 1961-10-16 Tear line construction for paperboard cartons

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Cited By (39)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3110434A (en) * 1961-08-24 1963-11-12 Int Paper Co Paperboard packaging container
US3131851A (en) * 1962-05-22 1964-05-05 St Regis Paper Co Paperboard carton
US3183800A (en) * 1963-02-26 1965-05-18 American Can Co Method of forming a cover for a package
US3263807A (en) * 1963-03-14 1966-08-02 Gen Foods Corp Package
US3325081A (en) * 1966-06-17 1967-06-13 Container Corp Easy open carton
US3326364A (en) * 1965-03-22 1967-06-20 Reynolds Metals Co Container construction and parts therefor or the like
US3368739A (en) * 1967-03-10 1968-02-13 Weyerhaeuser Co Reclosable carton
US3368738A (en) * 1967-03-10 1968-02-13 Weyerhaeuser Co Reclosable carton with zipper opening
US3768723A (en) * 1971-06-02 1973-10-30 Gillette Co Carton
JPS48110343U (en) * 1972-03-23 1973-12-19
US3863834A (en) * 1973-10-09 1975-02-04 Somerville Ind Limited Tear-Strip for Paperboard Container
JPS53124229U (en) * 1977-03-11 1978-10-03
US4211360A (en) * 1978-12-22 1980-07-08 Champion International Corporation Openable container cover (III)
US4584202A (en) * 1984-03-29 1986-04-22 Waldorf Corporation Microwave popcorn package
JPS61144021U (en) * 1985-02-26 1986-09-05
JPS61144020U (en) * 1985-02-26 1986-09-05
JPS61150728U (en) * 1985-03-08 1986-09-18
US4836383A (en) * 1988-06-07 1989-06-06 International Paper Company Microwave food carton with divider panel
US4919785A (en) * 1988-04-28 1990-04-24 Kraft General Foods, Inc. Microwave carton
US5588587A (en) * 1995-11-22 1996-12-31 International Paper Dual ovenable food package
FR2739837A1 (en) * 1995-10-16 1997-04-18 Smurfit Socar Sa Corrugated cardboard packaging container for merchandise
USD411104S (en) * 1997-04-18 1999-06-15 Smithkline Beecham Corporation Package dispenser
DE10204972A1 (en) * 2002-02-06 2003-08-14 Klug Conservation Walter Klug Blank for assembling box used to store and transport displayed articles, has two sections joined together via cooperating teeth and indentations
US6761269B2 (en) 2002-06-14 2004-07-13 S.C. Johnson Home Storage, Inc. Dispensing container and method for manufacturing same
US20070102497A1 (en) * 2005-11-07 2007-05-10 Georgia-Pacific Corrugated Llc Carton having tear-away feature for shipping and handling multiple packages of products
US20070228131A1 (en) * 2006-03-31 2007-10-04 Philips Nicholas A Container and blank having easy opening feature
US20080067224A1 (en) * 2002-11-01 2008-03-20 Oscar Rochefort Quadcorner tray wrapper designs
JP2008087772A (en) * 2006-09-29 2008-04-17 Toppan Printing Co Ltd Strip-like unsealing structure, and paper-made box or corrugated fiberboard-made box provided with the same
US20090127149A1 (en) * 2007-11-16 2009-05-21 Catherine Samarcq Package for storing dryer sheets
US20120061282A1 (en) * 2008-01-24 2012-03-15 Sonoco Development, Inc. Blister Package
US9138378B2 (en) 2011-07-06 2015-09-22 Sonoco Development, Inc. Blister package and method of forming same
US9296509B2 (en) 2004-04-26 2016-03-29 Westrock Shared Services, Llc Integrated carton lid designs
JP2016155559A (en) * 2015-02-24 2016-09-01 株式会社トーモク Zipper for corrugated board breaking
US9511894B2 (en) 2014-01-16 2016-12-06 Graphic Packaging International, Inc. Carton with opening feature
US9725207B2 (en) 2015-04-28 2017-08-08 Magic Packing Enterprise Co., Ltd. Easy open carton
USD804302S1 (en) * 2016-07-22 2017-12-05 Ach Food Companies, Inc. Package
USD814289S1 (en) * 2016-07-22 2018-04-03 Ach Food Companies, Inc. Package
USD837645S1 (en) * 2016-07-22 2019-01-08 Ach Food Companies, Inc. Packaging
US10450126B2 (en) 2011-07-06 2019-10-22 Sonoco Development, Inc. Die-cut patterns for blister package

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CH8129A (en) * 1894-02-27 1894-08-31 Ogle Percy John Innovation in paper envelopes
US1336646A (en) * 1916-08-16 1920-04-13 John J Mendenhall Safety-envelop
US2215705A (en) * 1938-05-31 1940-09-24 Mid West Bottle Cap Co Bottle cap package
US2285542A (en) * 1939-07-15 1942-06-09 Homer G Tasker Wrapper
CH251136A (en) * 1946-03-06 1947-10-15 Jaeggli Ramseyer Ernst Rectangular envelope of sheet material with adhesive closure.
US2680558A (en) * 1951-01-10 1954-06-08 Gaylord Container Corp Opening device for cartons

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CH8129A (en) * 1894-02-27 1894-08-31 Ogle Percy John Innovation in paper envelopes
US1336646A (en) * 1916-08-16 1920-04-13 John J Mendenhall Safety-envelop
US2215705A (en) * 1938-05-31 1940-09-24 Mid West Bottle Cap Co Bottle cap package
US2285542A (en) * 1939-07-15 1942-06-09 Homer G Tasker Wrapper
CH251136A (en) * 1946-03-06 1947-10-15 Jaeggli Ramseyer Ernst Rectangular envelope of sheet material with adhesive closure.
US2680558A (en) * 1951-01-10 1954-06-08 Gaylord Container Corp Opening device for cartons

Cited By (44)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3110434A (en) * 1961-08-24 1963-11-12 Int Paper Co Paperboard packaging container
US3131851A (en) * 1962-05-22 1964-05-05 St Regis Paper Co Paperboard carton
US3183800A (en) * 1963-02-26 1965-05-18 American Can Co Method of forming a cover for a package
US3263807A (en) * 1963-03-14 1966-08-02 Gen Foods Corp Package
US3326364A (en) * 1965-03-22 1967-06-20 Reynolds Metals Co Container construction and parts therefor or the like
US3325081A (en) * 1966-06-17 1967-06-13 Container Corp Easy open carton
US3368739A (en) * 1967-03-10 1968-02-13 Weyerhaeuser Co Reclosable carton
US3368738A (en) * 1967-03-10 1968-02-13 Weyerhaeuser Co Reclosable carton with zipper opening
US3768723A (en) * 1971-06-02 1973-10-30 Gillette Co Carton
JPS48110343U (en) * 1972-03-23 1973-12-19
US3863834A (en) * 1973-10-09 1975-02-04 Somerville Ind Limited Tear-Strip for Paperboard Container
JPS53124229U (en) * 1977-03-11 1978-10-03
US4211360A (en) * 1978-12-22 1980-07-08 Champion International Corporation Openable container cover (III)
US4584202A (en) * 1984-03-29 1986-04-22 Waldorf Corporation Microwave popcorn package
JPS61144021U (en) * 1985-02-26 1986-09-05
JPS61144020U (en) * 1985-02-26 1986-09-05
JPH0520658Y2 (en) * 1985-02-26 1993-05-28
JPS61150728U (en) * 1985-03-08 1986-09-18
JPH0520657Y2 (en) * 1985-03-08 1993-05-28
US4919785A (en) * 1988-04-28 1990-04-24 Kraft General Foods, Inc. Microwave carton
US4836383A (en) * 1988-06-07 1989-06-06 International Paper Company Microwave food carton with divider panel
FR2739837A1 (en) * 1995-10-16 1997-04-18 Smurfit Socar Sa Corrugated cardboard packaging container for merchandise
US5588587A (en) * 1995-11-22 1996-12-31 International Paper Dual ovenable food package
USD411104S (en) * 1997-04-18 1999-06-15 Smithkline Beecham Corporation Package dispenser
DE10204972A1 (en) * 2002-02-06 2003-08-14 Klug Conservation Walter Klug Blank for assembling box used to store and transport displayed articles, has two sections joined together via cooperating teeth and indentations
US6761269B2 (en) 2002-06-14 2004-07-13 S.C. Johnson Home Storage, Inc. Dispensing container and method for manufacturing same
US20080067224A1 (en) * 2002-11-01 2008-03-20 Oscar Rochefort Quadcorner tray wrapper designs
US7861917B2 (en) * 2002-11-01 2011-01-04 Smurfit-Stone Container Enterprises, Inc. Quadcorner tray wrapper designs
US9296509B2 (en) 2004-04-26 2016-03-29 Westrock Shared Services, Llc Integrated carton lid designs
US7784676B2 (en) * 2005-11-07 2010-08-31 Georgia-Pacific Corrugated Llc Carton having tear-away feature for shipping and handling multiple packages of products
US20070102497A1 (en) * 2005-11-07 2007-05-10 Georgia-Pacific Corrugated Llc Carton having tear-away feature for shipping and handling multiple packages of products
US20070228131A1 (en) * 2006-03-31 2007-10-04 Philips Nicholas A Container and blank having easy opening feature
US7478745B2 (en) * 2006-03-31 2009-01-20 International Paper Company Container and blank having easy opening feature
JP2008087772A (en) * 2006-09-29 2008-04-17 Toppan Printing Co Ltd Strip-like unsealing structure, and paper-made box or corrugated fiberboard-made box provided with the same
US20090127149A1 (en) * 2007-11-16 2009-05-21 Catherine Samarcq Package for storing dryer sheets
US20120061282A1 (en) * 2008-01-24 2012-03-15 Sonoco Development, Inc. Blister Package
US9138378B2 (en) 2011-07-06 2015-09-22 Sonoco Development, Inc. Blister package and method of forming same
US10450126B2 (en) 2011-07-06 2019-10-22 Sonoco Development, Inc. Die-cut patterns for blister package
US9511894B2 (en) 2014-01-16 2016-12-06 Graphic Packaging International, Inc. Carton with opening feature
JP2016155559A (en) * 2015-02-24 2016-09-01 株式会社トーモク Zipper for corrugated board breaking
US9725207B2 (en) 2015-04-28 2017-08-08 Magic Packing Enterprise Co., Ltd. Easy open carton
USD804302S1 (en) * 2016-07-22 2017-12-05 Ach Food Companies, Inc. Package
USD814289S1 (en) * 2016-07-22 2018-04-03 Ach Food Companies, Inc. Package
USD837645S1 (en) * 2016-07-22 2019-01-08 Ach Food Companies, Inc. Packaging

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