US2988320A - Butterfly valve - Google Patents

Butterfly valve Download PDF

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Publication number
US2988320A
US2988320A US850208A US85020859A US2988320A US 2988320 A US2988320 A US 2988320A US 850208 A US850208 A US 850208A US 85020859 A US85020859 A US 85020859A US 2988320 A US2988320 A US 2988320A
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United States
Prior art keywords
valve
disc
annular
casing
sealing ring
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Expired - Lifetime
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US850208A
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Kent Preben
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Clary Corp
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Clary Corp
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16KVALVES; TAPS; COCKS; ACTUATING-FLOATS; DEVICES FOR VENTING OR AERATING
    • F16K1/00Lift valves or globe valves, i.e. cut-off apparatus with closure members having at least a component of their opening and closing motion perpendicular to the closing faces
    • F16K1/16Lift valves or globe valves, i.e. cut-off apparatus with closure members having at least a component of their opening and closing motion perpendicular to the closing faces with pivoted closure-members
    • F16K1/18Lift valves or globe valves, i.e. cut-off apparatus with closure members having at least a component of their opening and closing motion perpendicular to the closing faces with pivoted closure-members with pivoted discs or flaps
    • F16K1/22Lift valves or globe valves, i.e. cut-off apparatus with closure members having at least a component of their opening and closing motion perpendicular to the closing faces with pivoted closure-members with pivoted discs or flaps with axis of rotation crossing the valve member, e.g. butterfly valves
    • F16K1/222Shaping of the valve member

Description

June 13, 1961 Filed NOV. 2, 1959 P. KENT BUTTERFLY VALVE 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 June 13, 1961 P, KENT 2,988,320

l BUTTERFLY VALVE Filed NOV. 2, 1959 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 United States Patent rO M 2,988,320 BUTTERFLY VALVE Preben Kent, Altadena, Calif., assignor to Clary Corporation, San Gabriel, Calif., a corporation of California Filed Nov. 2, 1959, Ser. No. 850,208

4 Claims. (Cl. 251-174) This invention Arelates to buttery valves and has particular reference to valves of this type which are subject to wide variations in temperature.

In a large class of the above type of valves, a circular sealing ring or element of relatively soft yieldable material, such as nylon or Mylar plastic, is located in the valve casing to surround the butterfly valve member and is engaged by such member about its circumference when the valve is closed.

When such a valve is subject to extremely low temperatures, as occurs when transmitting liquid oxygen, helium, nitrogen or the like, the sealing ring tends to contract or warp out of its circular o-rm due to shrinkage and, in some cases, due to spring means surrounding the ring.

This condition is particularly aggravated in cases where the iluid is liirst passed through the valve when in open condition and thereafter the valve is moved to its closed condition. Upon contact with such low temperature iluid, the sealing ring tends to stiften in its warped form, making it ditcult to return the same to its original circular shape, thereby permitting leakage and possible damage to the sealing ring when the valve is moved to its closed position.

`One solution of the above problem is to use a so-called ball valve for controlling the ilow of extremely low temperature fluids. Such valve has spherical portions on opposite sides of the `opening through the ball member, which spherical portions are in continual engagement with sealing rings. Therefore, although the sealing rings tend tocontract upon subjection to extremely low temperature, they will merely contract against the spherical portions to effect better sealing and will thus be prevented from warping into an out-of-round condition.

However, such ball valves present a serious drawback in' that the opening therethrough must be much smaller than the outside diameter of the ball element, thereby either restricting the low of uid through the valve when inn its open condition or requiring a valve housing which is considerably larger than the size of the iiuid conduit so as to make the size of the opening through the ball member commensurate with the size of the conduit. This is often not possible when such valves are used to control uids in relatively large diameter conduits in aircraft, guided missiles, etc., where weight and space considerations are of prime importance.

A principal object of the present invention is to obviate the above noted problems encountered by buttery valves when used under extreme temperature conditions.

Another object is to provide a buttery valve capable of withstanding extreme temperature conditions without appreciable leakage when in closed condition.

The foregoing objects are accomplished by providing a buttery or disc shaped valve member with an annular section which engages the sealing ring throughout its outer periphery when the valve is in its open condition. The valve member itself engages the sealing ring throughout its periphery when the valve is closed. Thus, with the valve in either of its open or closed condition, initial contact of the low temperature fluid against the sealing ring may cause the latter to contract against the periphery of v either the valve member or its annular section. During such contraction, due either to `shrinking or to inward spring pressure or both, the sealing element tends to Patented June 13, 1961 stiien or set so that when the valve is subsequently moved to its alternate condition, the sealing element will substantially retain its original circular shape.` Thus, the `sealing element will adequately seal the valve when moved to its closed condition.

The manner in which the above and other objects .of the invention are accomplished will be readily understood on reference to the following specification when read in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, wherein:

FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a butterfly valve element embodying a preferred form of the present invention.

FIG. 2 is a sectional view through a complete valve and is taken 4along the line 2-2 of FIG. `3, showing the valve element in its closed position.

j FIG. 3 is a sectional view taken along the line 3-3 of FIG. 2.

FIG. 4 is an enlarged fragmentary sectional view illustrating the sealing means for the Valve element.

The valve comprises a casing 5 (FIGS. 2 and 3), which is connected in a manner not shown to a source of fluid supply, the pillow of which is controlled by the valve. Ilhe casing 5l has a bore 6 therethrough which enla-rges slightly into a second bore 7.

A helically wound tension spring 8 is entrapped between two ring members 9 and 10 (FIGS. 2 and 4) having a gap 11 through which the spring 8 will apply a radial pressure against an annular `sealing ring '12 of Mylar or similar flexible plastic-material, said sealing ring being entrapped between a shoulder `13, of the casing and the ring member 10.

The entrapment of the spring 8 is such that should the spring break it will be retained in the opening betweenthe members 9 and 10, `thereby preventing it from dropping into the iluid stream.

. Aretainer ring 14 snaps into a groove 15 and, through a Bellevillespring 16, holds the ring members 9 and 10, and also the` `sealing ring 12 in their respective positions.

`A butterfly valve element 17 (FIGS. l, 2 and 3),- is formed of a disc 19, said disc being integral with a ring shaped. section having a spherical surface 18. The outer periphery 2,0 (of the disc 19 is formed with a spherical surface Whose center` a coincides with the center of the spherical surface of the ring 18. Y

The valve element has a bearing hole 34 rotatably tted over a pivot pin 21, said pivot pin having a head 22 which is secured towsaid casing 5 by a bolt 23. Between the casing and the head 22 is positioned a gasket 24 to prevent leakage.

A drive pin 25 is provided which extends coaxially of pin 21 and has a serrated end 26 which tits in a mating serrated hole 27 in the element at a point opposite to the pin 21. The pin 25, at its opposite end, carries an actuator member 28 which is securely mounted on the pin through a set screw 29.

The pin 25 is rotatably journalled by a bearing formed in the casing 5 and is surrounded by a sealing ring 33 held in place by a threaded bushing 32 and interposed ring 31.

It will be noted that the coincident center of curvature a of the peripheral surfaces of the disc 19 and ring section 18 lies on the pivot axis b of the valve element 17. Also, the axis b is located to one side of the disc 19.

The valve element l17 is shown in FIGS. 2 and 3 in its closed position wherein the entire outer periphery of the disc 19 is in contact with the sealing ring 12. Upon substantially a rotation of the actuator member 28, in either direction the element 17 will also rotate an equivalent amount, thereby positioning the ring 18 in contact with the sealing ring 12 and to hold said sealing ring in its respective diameter while allowing the uid to pass through openings 34 and 35 in the element 17 It should be noted that the ring 18 could be half its width and the valve would still work when the actuator is r'noved in the appropriate direction, but by making the ring double width the necessity for making different parts orrightand left-hand valves is eliminated. I Although I have described my invention in detail, and have therefore used certain specific terms and languages herein,` it is to be understood that the present disclosure is illustrative rather than restrictive and that changes and modifications may be made without departing from the spirit or 'scope of the invention as set forth in the appenddelafim's'. y l v,I 'lavinig' thus described/the invention, what I desire to Secure b'yV United States Letters Patent is:

`l'. A butterfly valve comprising an annular casing, an annular yieldable sealing ringcar'ried in said casing, said sealing ring being subject to contraction, a valve disc in said casing, means supporting said disc for movement from a `closed position wherein the Aentire periphery of said disc engages the inner periphery of said sealing ring to a fully open position wherein the interior of said casing is open to Vfull fluid flow, and an annular section on said disc, the entire outer periphery of said annular section engaging said entire inner periphery of said sealing ring when said valve disc is in said fully open position. l 2. A butterfly valve comprising an annular casing, an annular yicldable sealing ring carried in said casing, said sealing ring being subject to contraction, a valve disc in saidfcasingghthe periphery ofsaid disc being of spherical shape, means supporting said disc for movement from a 'closed position wherein at lea-st a portion of the entire peripheral area of said disc engages at least a portion of thfeinnfervperipheral area of said sealing ring completely around' said disc to atleast a substantially fully o'pen position wherein theinterior of said casing is open to full uid how, `and an annular section on `said disc, the entireouter periphery ofY said annular section being of spherical shape, at least a' portionV of the outer peripheral area of said annular section engaging` at least a portion of the inner peripheral areaof s 'aid sealing n'ng completely around said annular section when said valve disc is in said open position,'t1h'e center of curvature of the periphery of said disc being coincident' with the center of curvature of said section. Y

3i. A'butterfly valve.' comprising an annular casing, an annular yieldable sealing ring carried in said casing, said sealing ring being subject to contraction, a valve disc in said casing, the periphery of said disc being of spherical shape,means supporting said disc for pivotal movement about an axis extending across said casing from a closed position wherein at least a portion of the entire peripheral area of said disc engages at least a portion of the inner peripheral area of said sealing ring completely around said disc to at least a substantially fully open position wherein the interior of said casing is open to full fluid flow, and an annular section on said disc, the outer periphery of said annular section being of spherical shape, at least a portion of the outer peripheral area of said annular section engaging Vat least a portion of the inner peripheral a-rea of said sealing ring completely around `said annular section when said valve disc is in said open position, the center of curvature of the periphery of said disc and the outer periphery of Tsaid annular section being coincident with each other and with said pivotal axis. 1.

'4. A butter'y valve comprising an annular casing', an annular yieldable sealing ring in said casing, annular entrapment members in said casing having grooves in Vtheir abutting fa'c'es, one of said members having an opening around its inner periphery, an annular shaped tensioned helical spring having an outside diameter larger than said opening between said entrapment members, said spring being entrapped in said grooves and protruding partially through said opening whereby to contract said sealing ring, a valve disc in said casing, the periphery of said disc being ofjspherical shape, means supporting said disc for pivotal movement about an axis extending across said casing for, guiding said disc from a `closed position wherein atleast -apor'ti'on of the entire peripheral area offsaid disc engages atleast a portion of the inner peripheral area Aof sa'idsealing ring completely around saidY disc again'stlthe action of said tensioned spring, to at least a substantially fully open position wherein the interior of said casing -i's open to full uid flow, and an annular sectionk on: said disc, the outer periphery of said annular sec- 2,162,104, MOSlIlel` 111.116 13, 1939 2,253,904 Haug Allg. 26, 1.941l 2,741,138 RllSSell A1315. 10, 1956 2,819,868 Calllman Jan. 14, 1958 2,893,682 i Hintzman July 7, 14959

US850208A 1959-11-02 1959-11-02 Butterfly valve Expired - Lifetime US2988320A (en)

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Cited By (17)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3030069A (en) * 1961-02-03 1962-04-17 Firewel Company Inc High pressure butterfly valve
US3181834A (en) * 1961-06-09 1965-05-04 Itt Biased seal structure for ball valves
US3199833A (en) * 1964-07-22 1965-08-10 Skinner Products Inc Sealing washer energized by an annular spring element
US3260496A (en) * 1961-07-25 1966-07-12 B H Hadley Inc Thermal responsive high pressure butterfly valve seal means
US3497178A (en) * 1968-03-21 1970-02-24 Hills Mccanna Co Ball valve with movable yieldable polymeric seats
US3528448A (en) * 1967-10-04 1970-09-15 Lunkenheimer Co Slurry valve
US3630485A (en) * 1970-05-25 1971-12-28 Crane Co Butterfly valve seat
US3760833A (en) * 1972-03-14 1973-09-25 Acf Ind Inc Sealing means for valve structure
US3790131A (en) * 1972-09-01 1974-02-05 Masser Ind Inc Butterfly valve
DE2605189A1 (en) * 1975-02-11 1976-08-19 Fisher Controls Co Bidirectional effective seal arrangement
FR2310502A1 (en) * 1975-05-09 1976-12-03 Milwaukee Valve Co Inc Improvements to butterfly valves has
US4113231A (en) * 1977-07-27 1978-09-12 Joseph Charles Halpine Seal ring for ball valves
JPS55139561A (en) * 1979-04-10 1980-10-31 Gachot Jean Accurate batterfly valve
DE3219309A1 (en) * 1981-05-28 1982-12-16 Itt Ind Gmbh Deutsche Valve with a valve closure
US4696323A (en) * 1985-08-30 1987-09-29 Neotecha Ag Plastic lined rotatable valve
US20150008352A1 (en) * 2013-07-03 2015-01-08 Thomas A. Hartman Valve with trunnions and method of assembling the same
US9927034B2 (en) * 2015-08-25 2018-03-27 Mueller International, Llc Valve seat stiffener

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2162104A (en) * 1936-08-05 1939-06-13 Nat Oil Seal Co Fluid seal
US2253904A (en) * 1936-12-07 1941-08-26 Kupper Asbest Co Gustav Bach Packing ring
US2741138A (en) * 1952-10-11 1956-04-10 Elkhart Brass Mfg Co Locking type valve
US2819868A (en) * 1956-03-12 1958-01-14 Elkhart Brass Mfg Co Ball valve having adjustable seat unit
US2893682A (en) * 1953-07-06 1959-07-07 North American Aviation Inc Butterfly valve and seal

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2162104A (en) * 1936-08-05 1939-06-13 Nat Oil Seal Co Fluid seal
US2253904A (en) * 1936-12-07 1941-08-26 Kupper Asbest Co Gustav Bach Packing ring
US2741138A (en) * 1952-10-11 1956-04-10 Elkhart Brass Mfg Co Locking type valve
US2893682A (en) * 1953-07-06 1959-07-07 North American Aviation Inc Butterfly valve and seal
US2819868A (en) * 1956-03-12 1958-01-14 Elkhart Brass Mfg Co Ball valve having adjustable seat unit

Cited By (19)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3030069A (en) * 1961-02-03 1962-04-17 Firewel Company Inc High pressure butterfly valve
US3181834A (en) * 1961-06-09 1965-05-04 Itt Biased seal structure for ball valves
US3260496A (en) * 1961-07-25 1966-07-12 B H Hadley Inc Thermal responsive high pressure butterfly valve seal means
US3199833A (en) * 1964-07-22 1965-08-10 Skinner Products Inc Sealing washer energized by an annular spring element
US3528448A (en) * 1967-10-04 1970-09-15 Lunkenheimer Co Slurry valve
US3497178A (en) * 1968-03-21 1970-02-24 Hills Mccanna Co Ball valve with movable yieldable polymeric seats
US3630485A (en) * 1970-05-25 1971-12-28 Crane Co Butterfly valve seat
US3760833A (en) * 1972-03-14 1973-09-25 Acf Ind Inc Sealing means for valve structure
US3790131A (en) * 1972-09-01 1974-02-05 Masser Ind Inc Butterfly valve
US4005848A (en) * 1975-02-11 1977-02-01 Fisher Controls Company, Inc. Bidirectional pressure-assisted valve seal
DE2605189A1 (en) * 1975-02-11 1976-08-19 Fisher Controls Co Bidirectional effective seal arrangement
FR2310502A1 (en) * 1975-05-09 1976-12-03 Milwaukee Valve Co Inc Improvements to butterfly valves has
US4113231A (en) * 1977-07-27 1978-09-12 Joseph Charles Halpine Seal ring for ball valves
JPS55139561A (en) * 1979-04-10 1980-10-31 Gachot Jean Accurate batterfly valve
DE3219309A1 (en) * 1981-05-28 1982-12-16 Itt Ind Gmbh Deutsche Valve with a valve closure
US4696323A (en) * 1985-08-30 1987-09-29 Neotecha Ag Plastic lined rotatable valve
US20150008352A1 (en) * 2013-07-03 2015-01-08 Thomas A. Hartman Valve with trunnions and method of assembling the same
US20150008351A1 (en) * 2013-07-03 2015-01-08 Thomas A. Hartman Ball valve and method of assembling the same
US9927034B2 (en) * 2015-08-25 2018-03-27 Mueller International, Llc Valve seat stiffener

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