US2972183A - Method of forming flanged hubs by forging and coining - Google Patents

Method of forming flanged hubs by forging and coining Download PDF

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Publication number
US2972183A
US2972183A US376865A US37686553A US2972183A US 2972183 A US2972183 A US 2972183A US 376865 A US376865 A US 376865A US 37686553 A US37686553 A US 37686553A US 2972183 A US2972183 A US 2972183A
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Prior art keywords
flange
forging
coining
blank
dies
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Expired - Lifetime
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US376865A
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Robert O Greenshields
Patrick J Hogan
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ThyssenKrupp Budd Co
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Budd Co
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Priority to US376865A priority Critical patent/US2972183A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21KMAKING FORGED OR PRESSED METAL PRODUCTS, e.g. HORSE-SHOES, RIVETS, BOLTS OR WHEELS
    • B21K1/00Making machine elements
    • B21K1/28Making machine elements wheels; discs
    • B21K1/40Making machine elements wheels; discs hubs
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21JFORGING; HAMMERING; PRESSING METAL; RIVETING; FORGE FURNACES
    • B21J9/00Forging presses
    • B21J9/02Special design or construction
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T29/00Metal working
    • Y10T29/49Method of mechanical manufacture
    • Y10T29/49481Wheel making
    • Y10T29/49492Land wheel
    • Y10T29/49533Hub making
    • Y10T29/49536Hub shaping

Description

Feb. 21, 19 1 R. o. GREENSHIELDS ET AL 2,972,183
METHOD OF FORMING FLANGED HUBS BY FORGING AND COINING 4 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed Aug. 27. 1953 INVENTOR ATTORNEY 1961 R. o. GREENSHIELDS ETAL 2,972,183
METHOD OF FORMING FLANGED HUBS BY FORGING AND comm Filed Aug. 27. 1953 4 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTORS Roberf O. Cfremsbidds. BY Pcnrtck J HOQCHL.
ATTORNEY 1961 R. o. GREENSHIELDS El'AL 2,972,183
METHOD OF FORMING FLANGED HUBS BY FORGING AND comma Filed Aug. 27, 1953 4 Sheets-Sheet 3 kwsb f: N 1 gig lll INVENTORS.
Robert O. Cmnshteldg Parrickj. Hogarp ATTORNEY 1961 R. o. GREENSHIELDS 2,972,183
ME F FORMING FLANGED HUBS BY F0 G THOD 0 AND COININ Filed Aug. 27, 1953 4 Sheets-Sheet 4 [I U a 1 i lilllllllllllll'lllilll l i ll X1! ATTORNEY United States Patent IWETHOD OF FORMING FLANGED HUBS BY 'FORGING AND COINING Robert 0. Greenshields, Grosse Pointe Farms, and Patrick J. Hogan, Detroit, Mich., assignors to The Budd Company, Philadelphia, Pa., a corporation of 'Pennsylvania Filed Aug. 27, 1953, Ser. No. 376,865
1 Claim. (Cl.29-159.3)
This invention relates to a method of forming flanged hubs by forging and coining.
Heretofore it has been usual to. cast or forge flanged hubs to approximate shape and to machine turn all critical fitting surfaces to finished size. This is an expensive procedure and wastes much metal as scrap. The turning procedure for a large diameter like the flange is very slow; and the need to drill out and finish the entire center hole or bore Wastes much material.
According to the present invention a hub is formed by a forging operation to leave a tubular blank having a flange, and the flange is then brought to final shape by a coining operation, so that it is only necessary to machine finish the inside bore of the hub; and since the diameters of the bore are quite small, the turning or drilling operations required can be very rapid. In the final forging operation the hub flange is brought accurately to the size and shape required for the subsequent cold finishing operation by coining dies. In the coining operation the dies stop or kiss against mutually cooperating surfaces after working on the flange to bring it into final accurate shape.
It is one of the particular objects of the invention to provide a rapid, economical, and accurate method of forming flanged hubs and to provide an improved and less expensive flanged hub.
The objects and advantages of the invention will be apparent from the following description of an exemplary embodiment, reference being made to the accompanying drawings, wherein:
Fig. l is a vertical section through a first set of forging dies showing the hub blank or workpiece after this forging action has been completed;
Fig. 2 is a vertical section through a second set of forging dies, the blank being shown after the forging action has been completed;
Fig. 3 is a vertical section through a set of blank trimming dies showing the outer flash and the core slug being removed from the blank and the bore of the blank being re-shaped;
Fig. 4 is a vertical section through a set of flange coining dies at the end of the action of the dies on a blank; i
Fig. 5 is an enlarged end elevation of the finished blank;
Fig. 6 is an axial section taken on the line 6-6 of Fig. 5;
Fig. 7 is an enlarged partial section of the blank as shown in Fig. 3 after the completion of the forging and trimming operations; and
Fig. 8 is an enlarged partial section, taken in the zone 8 of Fig. 6, showing the flange after the final coining operation, the view also showing in broken lines the shape after final forging, as in Fig. 7, for purposes of comparison.
The original blank or slug from which the flanged hub is formed may be a predetermined length of cylindrical steel bar stock. It is heated, preferably in an electric ice induction furnace, to keep it clean and free from scale.
This blank or slug is squeezed while hot (Fig. 1) at very high pressure and at a single stroke between the dies 10 of a press, such as a maxipress, to form the first forged hub blank shape W2. Here the bore and flange have been started.
The blank W2 is transferred to a second set of forging dies 11 (Fig. 2) and while still hot is squeezed under high pressure at a single stroke, as by a maxipress, to form the final forged blank W3. These dies stop or kiss at a broad annular outer surface 11a to form the blank very accurately to a predetermined shape. Some flash WSzz is formed at the outer edge of the flange and the bore 'is almost pierced through, the greater penetration being from the upper end.
The blank W3 is transferred to a set of trimming dies 12 (Fig. 3) and while still hot has the flange flash W3a trimmed oif, the bore slug W31; pushed out, and the interior of the bore reshaped.
Before the next operation the blank W3 is thoroughly cleaned, as for example, by shot blasting.
After the forging and trimming operations have been completed and with the blank W3 in cold condition, it is placed in a set of flat-faced flange coining dies 13 (Fig. 4) and the flange is coined to final finished form. These dies have abutting or kissing surfaces 13a to limit their closing movement so that the flange will have a very precise predetermined thickness. They may be referred to as limit stop or bottoming dies, as may also the dies 11 in Fig. 2. The finished blank after the flange coining operation is referred to as W4. It is only necessary to machine the inner bore of this blank and this can be done very rapidly since the small diameter being machined permits very rapid rotation. The final machined form is illustrated in Figs. 5 and 6.
The blank W3 in final forged form is shown in Figs. 5, 6 and 8. It has a flange 15 which is formed with a plurality of narrow oppositely disposed annular ribs 16 and adjacent oppositely disposed depressions 17. The ribs before coining (Pig. 7) are somewhat rounded at the top with sides sloping toward the depressions and are coined by dies which have substantially flat faces. This results in the ribs being flattened at the top, as shown in Fig. 8. The ribs are sufficiently narrow to permit the metal to flow outward into the depressions during the coining operation without requiring undue force and without injury to the metal by undue distortion. By having the ribs disposed opposite each other the force of the opposed coining dies is solidly resisted through the metal of the flange and there is no spring-back or distortion of the flange. By stopping the coining action before the ribs and grooves have been eliminated, a flange of very precise thickness and without waviness is produced; whereas if the ribs were fully forced down into the body of material to form a smooth or plane surface this would not be possible. It is also to be noted that by providing projections uniformly around the flange from the outer edge inward for an annular zone, specifically annular ribs and grooves, the metal can flow principally in a radial direction outward to avoid unbalanced distortion or waviness in the flange.
As shown, three annular ribs separated by two annular grooves are provided on the flange. This is advantageous in the smooth seating of the flange with other wheel parts and also gives a good area for drilling the bolt holes 18 needed for securing the flange to adjacent wheel parts.
The described method of forming hubs is very fast and economical and makes superior hubs of very accurate shape and having a densified flange which is very strong. A minimum of machining operations is required,
V t V 3 only the inner surfaces of small diameter needing to be turned and this can be done at very high speed.
While one embodiment of the invention has been described and illustrated by way of example, it is to be understood that there may be other embodiments within the scope of the invention.
What is claimed is:
The method of forming a flanged hub to accurate flange thickness without waviness and with hard coldworked face surfaces, which comprises, forging a blank to form a hub body having a flange with a plurality of radially spaced annular convex-topped raised portions and a plurality of intervening concave-bottomed shallow annular depressed portions extending in an annular zone from the outer edge inward completely around the flange on both of its sides or faces, the raised portions and depressed portions being disposed in opposition respectively on opposite sides of the flange, the flange being of uniform predetermined thicknes measured at the tops of the raised portions, and cold-striking the flange in the annular zone of said raised and depressed portions with limitstop flat-faced dies to flatten the tops of said raised por- References Cited .in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 866,020 Hansen Sept. 17, 1907 866,025 Hansen Sept. 17, 1907 1,443,160 Woodings Jan. 23, 1923 1,493,211 Link May 26 1924 1,756,160 Lohs Apr. 29, 1930 1,784,865 Fahrenwald Dec. 16, 1930 1,787,074 Hunt Dec. 30, 1930 1,876,393 Booth Sept. 6, 1932 1,913,492 Lefere June 13, 1933 2,057,669 Brauchler Oct. 20, 1936 2,345,343 Keller Mar; 28, 1944 2,453,512 Jacobi Nov. 9, 1948 2,560,973 7 Martin et a1 July 17, 1951 2,587,864 Lefere Mar. 4, 1952 2,599,706 Friedman June 10, 1952
US376865A 1953-08-27 1953-08-27 Method of forming flanged hubs by forging and coining Expired - Lifetime US2972183A (en)

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Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3237288A (en) * 1964-03-18 1966-03-01 Budd Co Method and means for cold-forming wheel hubs
US3263315A (en) * 1962-10-24 1966-08-02 Reynolds Metals Co Metal forming system
US3287797A (en) * 1964-03-30 1966-11-29 Motor Wheel Corp Method of making a flanged hub by casting and coining
US4823578A (en) * 1985-12-28 1989-04-25 Furukawa Aluminum Co., Ltd. Method of manufacturing substrate for memory disk
US4825680A (en) * 1985-12-28 1989-05-02 Furukawa Aluminum Co., Ltd. Method of manufacturing metal substrates for disk for memory storage media
US4829799A (en) * 1985-12-28 1989-05-16 Furukawa Aluminum Co., Ltd. Method of manufacturing substrate for memory disk
US4870524A (en) * 1984-07-06 1989-09-26 Furukawa Aluminum Co., Ltd. Substrate for rigid disk storage media
US4887179A (en) * 1984-07-06 1989-12-12 Furukawa Aluminum Co., Ltd. Substrate for rigid disk storage media and method and apparatus for making the same
CN102303060A (en) * 2011-09-23 2012-01-04 安徽工业大学 Precision extrusion forming method for clutch disc hub
CN103752752A (en) * 2014-01-23 2014-04-30 连云港宝石精密重工科技有限公司 Finish forging die for forging aluminum alloy wheel
CN106216952A (en) * 2016-08-06 2016-12-14 宁波路威汽车轮业有限公司 A kind of wheel hub forging method
WO2020010382A1 (en) * 2018-07-12 2020-01-16 Grieger Investments Pty Ltd Post

Citations (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US866025A (en) * 1906-05-19 1907-09-17 Forged Steel Wheel Company Method of forging car-wheels.
US866020A (en) * 1906-05-19 1907-09-17 Forged Steel Wheel Company Method of forging car and like wheels.
US1443160A (en) * 1922-01-10 1923-01-23 Verona Tool Works Method of making rail springs
US1493211A (en) * 1921-09-29 1924-05-06 Miner Inc W H Die-forged article and process of making same
US1756160A (en) * 1927-04-06 1930-04-29 Lohs Karl Method of pressing wheel naves and similar articles
US1784865A (en) * 1926-12-13 1930-12-16 American Manganese Steel Co Method of strain hardening manganese steel
US1787074A (en) * 1926-09-14 1930-12-30 Budd Wheel Co Disk-wheel mounting
US1876393A (en) * 1932-09-06 booth
US1913492A (en) * 1931-08-03 1933-06-13 Lefere Forge & Machine Company Method of wheel hub forging
US2057669A (en) * 1934-07-02 1936-10-20 Charles A Brauchler Method of forging gear blanks
US2345343A (en) * 1942-01-29 1944-03-28 Chrysler Corp Sprocket gear and method of making the same
US2453512A (en) * 1944-10-30 1948-11-09 Kelseyhayes Wheel Company Vehicle wheel
US2560973A (en) * 1945-12-03 1951-07-17 Bethlchem Steel Company Method of forming turbine rotors
US2587864A (en) * 1948-01-23 1952-03-04 Lefere Forge & Machine Company Method of forging
US2599706A (en) * 1946-06-26 1952-06-10 Nat Machinery Co Method for forging

Patent Citations (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1876393A (en) * 1932-09-06 booth
US866020A (en) * 1906-05-19 1907-09-17 Forged Steel Wheel Company Method of forging car and like wheels.
US866025A (en) * 1906-05-19 1907-09-17 Forged Steel Wheel Company Method of forging car-wheels.
US1493211A (en) * 1921-09-29 1924-05-06 Miner Inc W H Die-forged article and process of making same
US1443160A (en) * 1922-01-10 1923-01-23 Verona Tool Works Method of making rail springs
US1787074A (en) * 1926-09-14 1930-12-30 Budd Wheel Co Disk-wheel mounting
US1784865A (en) * 1926-12-13 1930-12-16 American Manganese Steel Co Method of strain hardening manganese steel
US1756160A (en) * 1927-04-06 1930-04-29 Lohs Karl Method of pressing wheel naves and similar articles
US1913492A (en) * 1931-08-03 1933-06-13 Lefere Forge & Machine Company Method of wheel hub forging
US2057669A (en) * 1934-07-02 1936-10-20 Charles A Brauchler Method of forging gear blanks
US2345343A (en) * 1942-01-29 1944-03-28 Chrysler Corp Sprocket gear and method of making the same
US2453512A (en) * 1944-10-30 1948-11-09 Kelseyhayes Wheel Company Vehicle wheel
US2560973A (en) * 1945-12-03 1951-07-17 Bethlchem Steel Company Method of forming turbine rotors
US2599706A (en) * 1946-06-26 1952-06-10 Nat Machinery Co Method for forging
US2587864A (en) * 1948-01-23 1952-03-04 Lefere Forge & Machine Company Method of forging

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3263315A (en) * 1962-10-24 1966-08-02 Reynolds Metals Co Metal forming system
US3237288A (en) * 1964-03-18 1966-03-01 Budd Co Method and means for cold-forming wheel hubs
US3287797A (en) * 1964-03-30 1966-11-29 Motor Wheel Corp Method of making a flanged hub by casting and coining
US4870524A (en) * 1984-07-06 1989-09-26 Furukawa Aluminum Co., Ltd. Substrate for rigid disk storage media
US4887179A (en) * 1984-07-06 1989-12-12 Furukawa Aluminum Co., Ltd. Substrate for rigid disk storage media and method and apparatus for making the same
US4823578A (en) * 1985-12-28 1989-04-25 Furukawa Aluminum Co., Ltd. Method of manufacturing substrate for memory disk
US4825680A (en) * 1985-12-28 1989-05-02 Furukawa Aluminum Co., Ltd. Method of manufacturing metal substrates for disk for memory storage media
US4829799A (en) * 1985-12-28 1989-05-16 Furukawa Aluminum Co., Ltd. Method of manufacturing substrate for memory disk
CN102303060A (en) * 2011-09-23 2012-01-04 安徽工业大学 Precision extrusion forming method for clutch disc hub
CN103752752A (en) * 2014-01-23 2014-04-30 连云港宝石精密重工科技有限公司 Finish forging die for forging aluminum alloy wheel
CN106216952A (en) * 2016-08-06 2016-12-14 宁波路威汽车轮业有限公司 A kind of wheel hub forging method
WO2020010382A1 (en) * 2018-07-12 2020-01-16 Grieger Investments Pty Ltd Post

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