US2948275A - Snowball maker and launcher - Google Patents

Snowball maker and launcher Download PDF

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Publication number
US2948275A
US2948275A US756144A US75614458A US2948275A US 2948275 A US2948275 A US 2948275A US 756144 A US756144 A US 756144A US 75614458 A US75614458 A US 75614458A US 2948275 A US2948275 A US 2948275A
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Prior art keywords
piston
launcher
barrel
bore
forward
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US756144A
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Robert D Smith
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Robert D Smith
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63FCARD, BOARD, OR ROULETTE GAMES; INDOOR GAMES USING SMALL MOVING PLAYING BODIES; VIDEO GAMES; GAMES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • A63F9/00Games not otherwise provided for
    • A63F9/02Shooting or hurling games
    • A63F9/0252Shooting devices therefor
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B45/00Apparatus or methods for manufacturing balls
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B65/00Implements for throwing  ; Mechanical projectors, e.g. using spring force
    • A63B65/12Ball-throwing apparatus with or without catchers ; Mechanical projectors, e.g. using spring force
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63HTOYS, e.g. TOPS, DOLLS, HOOPS OR BUILDING BLOCKS
    • A63H33/00Other toys
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41BWEAPONS FOR PROJECTING MISSILES WITHOUT USE OF EXPLOSIVE OR COMBUSTIBLE PROPELLANT CHARGE; WEAPONS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F41B7/00Spring guns
    • F41B7/003Spring guns in pistol or rifle form
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S425/00Plastic article or earthenware shaping or treating: apparatus
    • Y10S425/057Toy molding

Description

Aug. 9, 1960 R. D. SMITH 2,948,275

SNOWBALL MAKER AND LAUNCHER Filed Aug. 20, 1958 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 4-1- N X x 'I 2 z I I I I 9 g I 4 a 2 INVENTOR N BY fi If, -u ATTORNEY Aug. 9, 1960 R. D. SMITH SNOWBALL MAKER AND LAUNCHER 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed Aug. 20, 1958 m m N m m m v z W m m A 5 M R .r n wm q Q U 6. mm m ww TMJ m L mm... NM Q m mm -1- k v a N* N @N .m\ vh $.w TIM/L. Dn ai r \hbm. I mw mm W hm 2,948,27 SNOWBALL MAKER AND LAUNCHER Robert D. Smith, Box 67, Maple'Drive, Iroquois, Ontario, Canada Filed Aug. 20, 1958, Sel. No. 756,144

5 Claims. 01. 124 z7 tion to provide a manually actuated pump mechanism for moving a mass of snow rearwardly of the launcher barrel and for thereafter compressing the mass between a part of the pump mechanism and the head of a plunger mechanism, while said pump mechanism is also function ing for retracting the plunger mechanism, so that when the pump mechanism is again displaced forwardly of the launcher barrel, the plunger mechanism will remain in a retracted cocked position with the compacted snow mass directly in advance. thereof ready to be propelled from the launcher upon release of the plunger mechanism.

.Still a further object of the invention is to provide a launcher of the aforedescribed character having novel means for moving a piston element of the pump mechanism to a seated position in a recess of the launcher barrel, in which position said piston element will not obstruct movement of the compressed mass as it is projected from the launcher.

Various other objects and advantages of the invention will hereinafter become more fully apparent from the following description of the drawings, illustrating a presently preferred embodiment thereof, and wherein:

Figure l is a top plan view of the launcher;

Figure 2 is an enlarged fragmentary longitudinal section-a1 view thereof, taken substantially along a plane as indicated by the line 22 of Figure 1;

Figure 3 is a view similar to Figure 2 with certain of the parts disposed in different positions from the positions thereof as seen in Figure'2;

Figure 4 is an enlarged transverse sectional view taken through the launcher, substantially along the line 4-4 of Figure 3;

Figures 5 and 6 are cross sectional views of the launcher, taken substantially along planes as indicated by the lines 55 and 6-6, respectively, of Figure 2;

Figure 7 is an enlarged fragmentary horizontal sectional view taken substantially along a plane as indicated by the line 7-7 of Figure 3;

Figure 8 is an enlarged cross sectional view of the launcher taken substantially along a plane as indicated by the line 88 of Figure 2, and

Figure 9 is an enlarged top plan view, partly in section, of one part of the pump mechanism, shown removed from the launcher.

"as the description proceeds it will be readily apparent Patented Aug. 9, 196,0

that the launcher could be constructed to simulate a hand weapon such as a pistol or revolver. The launcher body 11 includes an elongated barrel 14, constituting one end thereof, a stock 15, constituting the other end of said body 11, and a receiver portion 16 which is interposed between adjacent ends of the stock 15 and barrel 14.

As seen in Figures 2 and 3, the launcher half 12 has an inner side or face 17 which is disposed in abutting engagement against a corresponding inner side or face 18 of the other, right hand, launcher body section 13. Said halves 12 and 13 of the launcher body 11 are secured together by fastenings 19 which extend through abutting portions of said inner faces 17 and 18.

The barrel 14 has a substantially circular bore 20 extending from end-to-end. thereof and which opens outwardly of the forward end of the barrel 14 at the muzzle 21. Corresponding halves of the bore 21) are formed byeach body section 12'. and 13. Said body sections 12 and 13 have downwardly extending transversely spaced guide portions 22 which are disposed beneath the barrel 14 and which form an elongated slot 23 which is open at its bottom and which opens upwardly into the bottom portion of the bore 20. The guide portions 22 have opposed upper guide grooves 24 and lower guide grooves25, which open into the slot 23.

The receiver 16 of the launcher body has an elongated longitudinally extending chamber 26 which is provided with arestricted opening 27 at its forward end, which opens into the rear end of the bore 20. The receiver 16 has a recessed portion 28 disposed beneath and extending longitudinally of the chamber 26. The recessed portion 28 has an opening 29 at its forward end which opens upwardly into the forward end of the chamber 26 and adownwardly extending opening 30 at its rear end which opens outwardly of the bottom of the receiver. The receiver 16 is also provided with a socket 31 which opens upwardly into the bottom of the recessed portion 28, near the forward end thereof. A drain bore 32 extends downwardly and rearwardly through the receiver 16 from the rear end of the chamber 26 and opens outwardly of the underside of said receiver. The portions 26 to 32 are formed in both launcher body sections 12 and 13.

An angular lever is mounted for rocking movement in the recessed portions 28 and 36 and is pivotally mounted at its apex by a pivot pin 33 at the rear end of the recessed portion 28. Said lever includes an arm 34 extending downwardly from the pivot 33 through the recessed portion 30 and to substantially below the underside of said receiver 16, and which arm 34 forms a trigger. The other arm 35 extends forwardly from the pivot 33 longitudinally of the recessed portion 28 and has an upturned forward end 36 which extends upwardly through the opening 29 and forms a sear. A small compression spring 37 is mounted in the socket 31 and bears against the underside of a portion of the lever arm 35 to urge said lever arm 35 and the sear 36 upwardly about the pivot 33 and to urge the trigger 34 to swing forwardly. A handgrip 38, formed partially by each body section 12 and 13, extends downwardly from the receiver 1 6, between the recessed portion 36 and bore 32 and which is normally disposed behind and spaced from the exposed free end of the trigger 34.

A plunger, designated generally 39, includes an elongated bar 40 which fits slidably and nonrotatably in the opening 27. The bottom edge of the bar 40 is provided with longitudinally spaced notches 41 to be selectively engaged by the tip or nose of the sear 36. Said bar 40 has a disc shaped head 42 at its rear end which'fits slidably in the chamber 26 and which supports the notched bottom edge of the bar 40 out of engagement with the lower end of the opening 27. The forward end of the bar 40 is fixed to the central portion of the convex rear side of a cup shaped plunger head 43 which is slidably mounted in the barrel bore 20 andwhich has a concave forward side. A disc 44 of metal or other rigid material is mounted on the bar 40 and bears against the rear side of the plunger head 43 to provide an abutment for the forward end of a compression spring 45 which is disposed loosely around said bar 40 and loosely within the rear portion of the bore 20. The rear end of the spring 45 seats against the rear end of the bore 20. The periphery of the plunger head 43 is provided with circumferentially spaced forwardly projecting lugs or fingers 46. As seen in Figure 6, the disc 42 is provided with a downwardly opening notch 47 which is wider than the sear 36.

A pump, designated generally 48, includes an elongated slide 49 which is reciprocably mounted in the slot 23 and which has upper ribs 50 and lower ribs 51 projecting from opposite sides thereof. The ribs 50 and 51 extend longitudinally of the slide 49 and slidably engage in the guide grooves 24 and 25, respectively, for slidably connecting said slide to the guides 22 to prevent rocking movement of the slide relative thereto. The slide 49 is provided with a grip 52 which extends downwardly from the slot 23. The slide 49 has an elongated forward end portion 53 which is substantially narrower than the remainder of said slide and which is disposed forwardly of the ribs 56 and 51 and above the level of said lower ribs 51. The pump 48 includes a dished piston 54 which is sized to fit slidably in the bore 20, as seen in Figures 3 and 4, and which has a concave rear side and a convex forward side. The piston 54 has a bifurcated rigid extension 55 which projects downwardly from a part of the periphery thereof and which fits loosely in the slot 23. Lower ends of the furcations of said bifurcated extension 55 are provided with outwardly projecting pins 56 which slidably engage the lower guide grooves 25, and the forward part of the restricted slide portion 53 fits loosely between the upper portions of said furcations and is pivotally connected thereto by a pivot pin 57. As best seen in Figure 3, the lower guide grooves 25 have upwardly and forwardly inclined forward end portions 58 which extend upwardly beyond the forward ends of the upper guide grooves 24 and which may include straight forward end portions 58 which are disposed forwardly of and substantially in alignment with said upper guide grooves 24. p

The bottom portion of the barrel 14, forwardly of the guides 22 and the forward groove portions 58, is provided in the bottom thereof with a circular concave depression 59, of a diameter corresponding to the diameter of the bore 20, the bottom of which is formed by transversely spaced longitudinally extending bars 60 which are relatively narrow so as to form therebetween slots 61 of considerable width. Said barrel cavity 59 is formed partially in the lower half of the bore 20, as seen in Figures 2, 3 and 8, and is disposed in close proximity to the muzzle 21.

Assuming that the pump 48 is in the position as seen in Figure 3 and that the launcher is being held with one hand of the user grasping the grip 38 and the other hand engaging the grip 52, forward pressure on the grip 52 will move the pivot 57 from its position of Figure 3 toward its more forward position of Figure 2 and will cause the pins 56 to travel up the inclined groove portions 58. This upward travel of the pins 56 will cause the piston 54 to swing clockwise about its pivot 57 as it is moved forwardly from its position of Figure 3, so that said piston will assume a position seated in the recess 59, as seen in Figures 2 and 8. With the piston 54 thus disposed and with the plunger 39 in a forward position, as seen in Figure 2, the muzzle 21 is pushed into a mass of snow to fill the forward part of the bore 20 and it is then withdrawn from the mass of snow. A rearward pull is then exerted on the grip 52 for causing the pivot 57 to move rearwardly and the pins 56 to slide rearwardly down the inclined groove portions 58 for swinging the piston 54 counterclockwise from its position of Figure 2 toward its position of Figure 3, for picking up the mass of snow, disposed above the piston 54, when-positioned in the recess 59, so that the mass of snow will be disposed behind said piston when the piston assumes its upright position of Figure 3. A further pull on the grip 52 will move the piston 54 rearwardly and propel the snow rearwardly and into engagement with the concave forward side of the plunger head 43. Continued rearward movement of the pump piston 54 will compress the snow between said piston and the plunger head 43 and will thereafter force said plunger head and the bar 40 rearwardly. The nose of the sear 36 will be cammed out of each notch 41 as the bar 40 moves rearwardly and said sear will engage one of the forward notches 41 for latching the plunger 39 in a retracted, cocked position, as illustrated in dotted lines in Figure 3, with the spring 45 compressed. The pump mechanism 48 is then manually moved forward to return the piston 54 to its seated position in the recess 59. The compressed mass of snow 62 will remain in engagement with the forward side of the plunger head 43 when the piston 54 is manually displaced forwardly, due to a part of the compressed snow mass or projectile 62 adhering to the fingers 46.

The launcher 10 is then held similar to a rifle with the butt of the stock 15 against the shoulder, with one hand engaging the grip 38 and the other hand engaging the grip 52. A finger or fingers of the hand engaging the grip 38 engage around the trigger 34 and a squeezing pressure will swing the trigger 34 rearwardly about the pivot 33 to draw the sear 36 downwardly to a released position out of engagement with one of the notches 41 so that the spring 45 can project the plunger 39 forwardly for propelling the snow projectile 62 forwardly through the bore 20 and outwardly of the muzzle 21. The notch 47 is provided to pass over the nose of the sear when said sear nose is drawn downwardly to release the plunger 39 and so that the head 42 can strike the front wall 63 of the chamber 26 without contacting the sear 36.

Water from any snow melting within the launcher 10 can drain therefrom through the slot 23, through the bore 32 and through the opening 61. An additional drainage bore 64 may be provided to extend downwardly from the extreme rear end of the barrel bore 20.

Various modifications and changes are contemplated and may be resorted to, without departing from the function or scope of the invention as hereinafter defined by the appended claims.

I claim as my invention:

1. A snowball maker and launcher comprising a launcher body having an elongated barrel provided with an open muzzle end, a spring projected plunger including a plunger head mounted for longitudinal sliding movement in a rear part of the bore of said barrel, a combination trigger and sear pivotally mounted in the launcher body for latching the plunger in a retracted, cocked position, a pump unit including a slide, means slidably connecting said slide to a part of the launcher body for movement longitudinally of the barrel, a piston having a size and shape substantially corresponding to the cross sectional size and shape of the barrel bore and forming a part of said pump unit, meanspivotaily connecting a part of said piston to said slide, means slidably connecting the piston to a part of the launcher body and combining with the means connecting the piston to said slide for maintaining the piston in a position with-in the barrel and crosswise thereof for sliding movement toward and away from the plunger head and for causing the piston to swing outwardly and dovmwardly relative to the axis of the barrel as the piston approaches a forwardmost position adjacent the muzzle, and said barrel having a recess adjacent the muzzle thereof in which the piston seats in its forwardmost position.

2. A snowball maker and launcher as in claim. 1, said piston having a concave rear side and said plunger head having a concave forward side, between which sides a mass of snow is adapted to be compressed to form a projectile and for forcing the spring projected plunger rear- Wardly when the pump piston is displaced rearwardly in the barrel.

3. A snowball maker and launcher as in claim 1, said launcher body having spaced walls forming guide members extending longitudinally of the barrel and providing a longitudinally extending slot opening into said barrel and outwardly of the launcher body, said slide being reciprocably mounted in said guide slot, said walls having grooves opening into the guide slot, said slide having ribs projecting laterally therefrom and slidably engaging in said grooves, said piston having an extension projecting into said guide slot and connected to said slide for forming said means pivotal'ly connecting the slide and piston, and said means slidably connecting the piston to the launcher body including pins projecting laterally from the piston extension and inwardly opening grooves formed in said walls and slidably engaged by said pins, said last mentioned grooves having upwardly and forwardly inclined forward portions for causing outward swinging movement of the piston within the barrel during the latter part of the forward movement of the piston.

4. In combination with an elongated launcher body including a barrel having an open muzzle end, a spring projected plunger unit slidably mounted in a rear portion of the bore of the barrel and spring urged forwardly to a projected position, and a manually actuated combination trigger and sear unit for releasably latching the plunger unit in a retracted, cocked position; a pump unit including a piston disposed for sliding movement within the barrel and longitudinally thereof, said piston having a size and shape substantially corresponding to the cross sectional size and shape of the barrel bore, a manually actuated slide slidably connected to the launcher body, means pivotally connecting the piston to the slide, said piston being displaceable rearwardly in the barrel for moving a mass of snow rearwardly within the barrel and for compressing the mass of snow between the piston and a head, constituting the forward end of the plunger, and for thereafter displacing the plunger rearwardly to a retracted cocked position, means slidably connecting the piston to the launcher body and cooperating with the pivotal connection of the piston and slide for swinging the piston outwardly of the barrel bore at the forward extremity of movement of said piston.

5. A combination as defined by claim 4, wherein said launcher body is provided with a recess located adjacent the barrel muzzle in which said piston seats in the forward extremity of movement thereof.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,146,753 Dickey July 13, 1915 1,381,639 Hess June 14, 1921 2,521,083 Nasello Sept. 5, 1950 2,607,333 ODell Aug. 19, 1952

US756144A 1958-08-20 1958-08-20 Snowball maker and launcher Expired - Lifetime US2948275A (en)

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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3059273A (en) * 1961-03-17 1962-10-23 Harry H Nolan Snowball forming and ejecting device
US3138596A (en) * 1959-12-18 1964-06-23 Konink Ind Mij Voorheen Noury 6-uracil-carboxylic acid derivatives and process of preparing same
US3359001A (en) * 1964-03-09 1967-12-19 Olin Mathieson Frangible target compacted of particulate ice or carbon dioxide
US3921980A (en) * 1974-08-05 1975-11-25 Walt Disney Prod Ice cannon combined with frozen projectile supply structure and target structure
US20050028800A1 (en) * 2003-08-04 2005-02-10 Dreampatch, Llc Object forming and launching apparatus and method
WO2008118504A2 (en) * 2007-01-10 2008-10-02 Microtech Small Arms Research, Inc. Semi-automatic and automatic firearm, bolt and barrel sub assemblies therefor and method of making same
WO2009108861A1 (en) * 2008-02-28 2009-09-03 Tom Michael Launching device and method
US20110011384A1 (en) * 2008-02-28 2011-01-20 Tom Michael Launching device and method
CN104174173A (en) * 2014-07-30 2014-12-03 青岛大学 Snowball making machine gun
US10646760B2 (en) 2017-05-09 2020-05-12 John Hinnen, III Snowball launching and batting apparatus

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1146753A (en) * 1913-06-19 1915-07-13 Arthur V Dickey Air-gun.
US1381639A (en) * 1921-06-14 Toy gun and projectile
US2521083A (en) * 1948-03-05 1950-09-05 Nasello Roy Toy gun and cocking mechanism therefor
US2607333A (en) * 1947-07-19 1952-08-19 James W O'dell Snowball gun

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1381639A (en) * 1921-06-14 Toy gun and projectile
US1146753A (en) * 1913-06-19 1915-07-13 Arthur V Dickey Air-gun.
US2607333A (en) * 1947-07-19 1952-08-19 James W O'dell Snowball gun
US2521083A (en) * 1948-03-05 1950-09-05 Nasello Roy Toy gun and cocking mechanism therefor

Cited By (19)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3138596A (en) * 1959-12-18 1964-06-23 Konink Ind Mij Voorheen Noury 6-uracil-carboxylic acid derivatives and process of preparing same
US3059273A (en) * 1961-03-17 1962-10-23 Harry H Nolan Snowball forming and ejecting device
US3359001A (en) * 1964-03-09 1967-12-19 Olin Mathieson Frangible target compacted of particulate ice or carbon dioxide
US3921980A (en) * 1974-08-05 1975-11-25 Walt Disney Prod Ice cannon combined with frozen projectile supply structure and target structure
US20050028800A1 (en) * 2003-08-04 2005-02-10 Dreampatch, Llc Object forming and launching apparatus and method
US20050241191A1 (en) * 2003-08-04 2005-11-03 Choy Andrew L Object forming and launching apparatus and method
US7128556B2 (en) * 2003-08-04 2006-10-31 Wessells Philip G Object forming and launching apparatus and method
WO2008118504A2 (en) * 2007-01-10 2008-10-02 Microtech Small Arms Research, Inc. Semi-automatic and automatic firearm, bolt and barrel sub assemblies therefor and method of making same
WO2008118504A3 (en) * 2007-01-10 2009-03-05 Microtech Small Arms Res Inc Semi-automatic and automatic firearm, bolt and barrel sub assemblies therefor and method of making same
WO2009108861A1 (en) * 2008-02-28 2009-09-03 Tom Michael Launching device and method
EP2247909A1 (en) * 2008-02-28 2010-11-10 Michael, Tom Launching device and method
CN101946150A (en) * 2008-02-28 2011-01-12 汤姆·迈克尔 Launching device and method
US20110011384A1 (en) * 2008-02-28 2011-01-20 Tom Michael Launching device and method
CN101946150B (en) * 2008-02-28 2013-09-25 汤姆·迈克尔 Launching device and method
EP2247909A4 (en) * 2008-02-28 2013-11-06 Michael Tom Launching device and method
RU2502034C2 (en) * 2008-02-28 2013-12-20 Том МАЙКЛ Catapult and method of catapulting
CN104174173A (en) * 2014-07-30 2014-12-03 青岛大学 Snowball making machine gun
CN104174173B (en) * 2014-07-30 2016-08-24 青岛大学 A kind of snowball machine gun
US10646760B2 (en) 2017-05-09 2020-05-12 John Hinnen, III Snowball launching and batting apparatus

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