US2941271A - Hook and eye - Google Patents

Hook and eye Download PDF

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Publication number
US2941271A
US2941271A US747719A US74771958A US2941271A US 2941271 A US2941271 A US 2941271A US 747719 A US747719 A US 747719A US 74771958 A US74771958 A US 74771958A US 2941271 A US2941271 A US 2941271A
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United States
Prior art keywords
eye
hook
bar
garment
lobes
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Expired - Lifetime
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US747719A
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Rocca Louis La
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Individual
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A44HABERDASHERY; JEWELLERY
    • A44BBUTTONS, PINS, BUCKLES, SLIDE FASTENERS, OR THE LIKE
    • A44B13/00Hook or eye fasteners
    • A44B13/0005Hook or eye fasteners characterised by their material
    • A44B13/0017Hook or eye fasteners characterised by their material made of metal plate
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A44HABERDASHERY; JEWELLERY
    • A44BBUTTONS, PINS, BUCKLES, SLIDE FASTENERS, OR THE LIKE
    • A44B13/00Hook or eye fasteners
    • A44B13/0029Hook or eye fasteners characterised by their way of fastening to the support
    • A44B13/0035Hook or eye fasteners characterised by their way of fastening to the support using prongs
    • A44B13/0041Hook or eye fasteners characterised by their way of fastening to the support using prongs and a backing element on which prongs are bent over
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T24/00Buckles, buttons, clasps, etc.
    • Y10T24/45Separable-fastener or required component thereof [e.g., projection and cavity to complete interlock]
    • Y10T24/45225Separable-fastener or required component thereof [e.g., projection and cavity to complete interlock] including member having distinct formations and mating member selectively interlocking therewith
    • Y10T24/4588Means for mounting projection or cavity portion
    • Y10T24/45906Means for mounting projection or cavity portion having component of means permanently deformed during mounting operation
    • Y10T24/45911Means for mounting projection or cavity portion having component of means permanently deformed during mounting operation and formed from or fixedly attached to projection or cavity portion
    • Y10T24/45916Cooperates with detached component of means

Definitions

  • the present invention relates to the hook and eye assembly that is ordinarily employed to establish a quickly detachable connection between two parts of a garment and is concerned primarily with what might be called a heavy duty hook and eye.
  • a hook and eye of this particular type is ordinarily employed to close the gap at the top of the fly in trousers. It is characterized as including a wide or heavy hook of sheet metal and an eye of comparable size.
  • an important object of the invention is to provide a new and improved hook which is highly simplified and which is particularly adapted for location at the edged the trouser flap.
  • the hook comprises a comparatively long backing plate and a short bill with the two being spaced apart and joined by a bend.
  • the backing plate is adapted for insertion between the two plies of a trouser flap at the edge thereof and is provided with two or more. holes intended for cooperation with anchoring means. Whileit is entirely possible to employ stitching in conjunction with these holes, the invention hasparticularly in mind the use of ametallic fastener in the nature of a staple.
  • the eye that is now meeting with widespread if not substantially universal use, consists essentially of an eye bar having pointed tangs or flanges at each end together with an anchoring bar formed with slots which receive these pointed tangs and which is positioned on the inner face of the garment fabric to which the eye is applied.
  • the pointed tangs pierce the fabric, pass through the slots, and are clinched by being turned inwardly.
  • Another important object of the invention is to prw vide a new and improved eye which is characterized as including the conventional eye bar and an anchoring bar.
  • the latter is of a novel arrangement whereby the two are laterally offset so that there is a space or gap between the eye bar and anchoring bar which is occupied only by the fabric of the garment.
  • definite assurance is had that the bill of the hook may always be easily inserted.
  • the invention has as an object the provision, in a hook and eye assembly of the character aforesaid, of an anchoring bar for the eye which has laterally offset lobes at each end which are formed with the slots which receive the pointed tangs on the eye bar.
  • FIG. 1 is a view in front elevation of two flaps of agarment, such as a pair of trousers, and are intended to be closed by the hook and eye of this invention. In this view, one of the flaps is turned outwardly for purposes of illustration. 7
  • FIG. 2 is a detailed perspective showing the two elements of the eyein exploded relation
  • Figure 3 is a detailed perspective of the hook per-se';
  • Figure 4 is a transverse section through the eye and garment part to which it is attached, being taken about on the plane represented by the line 4-4 of Figure 1;
  • Figure 5 is a view in elevation looking at the inner side of the ply of the garment to which the eye is at-- tached, being taken about on the plane represented by the line 5-5 of Figure 4;
  • Figure 6 is a detailed section taken normal to the showing of Figure 4 and about on the plane represented by the line 6-6 of Figure 4;
  • Figure 7 is a section through the hook and garment part to which it is attached, being taken about on the plane represented by the line 7-7 of Figure 1;
  • Figure 8 is a View in elevation looking at the innerside of the ply of the garment part to which the hookis plane represented by the line 8-8 of Figure 7; 7
  • Figure 9 is a section through the hook taken normal plane represented by the line 9-9-of Figure 8;
  • s Figure. 11 is another sectional view-through the hook and eye when assembled, being taken normal to the showing of Figure 10 and about on the plane represented by the line 11-11 of Figure 10.
  • flaps of a garment which are intended to be closed by the hook and eye of this invention are shown in 10 and 11.
  • These flaps may be those parts which define the fly in a pair of trousers, but this is merely exemplary of any two garment elements which are to be joined in a quickly detachable manner by a heavy duty hook and eye.
  • the hook is referred to in its entirety by the reference character H, and is applied to the flap 11.
  • the eye which is referred to in its entirety by the reference character E, is applied to the flap 10.
  • the hook H comprises a backing plate 12 of an elongate tapered side construction having a free edge at 13. Closely adjacent to this free edge 13 the plate 12 is formed with a pair of apertures 14. Integrally joined to the opposite end of the backing plate 12 by a bend 15 is a bill 16. The bend 15 provides for a spaced relation between the bill 16 and that part of the backing plate which it overlies. This spaced relation is identified by the gap at 17. Entering into both the bill 16 and backing plate 17 from the bend 15 is a notch or recess 18.
  • the garment flap 11 is shown as comprising two plies
  • Th hook H is assemble 1 the Mall by Passing he ackin pla e thro g a gap or uns hed po t on that is.
  • the anchoring barIA includes a main'body or back portion 26 having an outer curved edge at 27 and an inner straight edge at 28. In-i tegrally joined to the opposite ends of the main body portion and extended laterally inwardly from the ends ofthe edge ZBare lobes29 formed with slots 30. It is important to note that these slots 30 a re offset laterally with respect tov the inner edge 28 of the main body portion ofi'the anchoring bar. 7
  • the eye bar proper comprises a main body portion or back 31 to each end of which is integrally joined an end flange or leg 32 which terminates in a pointed tang 33.
  • the garment flap is shown as comprising an outer ply 3.4 an'inner ply 35.
  • a piece of reinforcing fabric shown at 3 6, is inserted between the two plies.
  • the anchoring bar A is positioned between this reinforcing fabric and the inner ply 35,; After this anchoringv bar has been sopositioned the eye bar B is assembled by 4, 7 so positioned, the back 31 of the eye bar B is offset laterally with respect to the main body portion 26.
  • an eye comprising an anchoring bar and an eyebar adapted to be positioned on the opposite faces of a garment to which the. eye is secured, said anchoring bar being of sheet metal and of U shape defined by a pair of spaced lobes and a. main body portion integrally joined to said lobes, said body portion having inner and outer edges with said-lobes causing the, pointed tangs 33 to pierce the ply 34 andreinforeing fabric 36, and then pass through the slots- 30.

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  • Details Of Garments (AREA)

Description

June 21, 1960 1.. LA ROCCA 2,941,271
HOOK AND EYE Filed July 10, 1958 JNVENTOR. LOU/S A a 06634 BYWAM United States Patent HOOK AND EYE Louis La Rocca, 149 S. Poplar Ave., Maple Shade, NJ.
Filed July 10, 1958, $81. No- 747,719
. 1 Claim. (Cl. 24-227) The present invention relates to the hook and eye assembly that is ordinarily employed to establish a quickly detachable connection between two parts of a garment and is concerned primarily with what might be called a heavy duty hook and eye. A hook and eye of this particular type is ordinarily employed to close the gap at the top of the fly in trousers. It is characterized as including a wide or heavy hook of sheet metal and an eye of comparable size.
I At the present time it is the common practice to mount a hook on one fiap of the trousers at a'distance spaced inwardly from the edge thereof. This arrangement pre sents difficulty in accurately locating the hook and also in correcting any errors when it has been mislocated. Thus, with the now known arrangements, once a hook has been secured in position in the trouser flap considerable difiiculty is experienced in relocating it.
. With this thought in mind, an important object of the invention is to provide a new and improved hook which is highly simplified and which is particularly adapted for location at the edged the trouser flap. The hook comprises a comparatively long backing plate and a short bill with the two being spaced apart and joined by a bend. The backing plate is adapted for insertion between the two plies of a trouser flap at the edge thereof and is provided with two or more. holes intended for cooperation with anchoring means. Whileit is entirely possible to employ stitching in conjunction with these holes, the invention hasparticularly in mind the use of ametallic fastener in the nature of a staple.
The eye that is now meeting with widespread if not substantially universal use, consists essentially of an eye bar having pointed tangs or flanges at each end together with an anchoring bar formed with slots which receive these pointed tangs and which is positioned on the inner face of the garment fabric to which the eye is applied. The pointed tangs pierce the fabric, pass through the slots, and are clinched by being turned inwardly.
This arrangement has presented considerable dificulty and inconvenience in that after a garment has been finished the eye bar is pressed or clinched so closely to the anchoring bar that a separate operation is required to separate the two sufficiently to permit the insertion of the bill of the hook. Moreover, this condition is often recreated when the garment is pressed during usage. 7
Another important object of the invention is to prw vide a new and improved eye which is characterized as including the conventional eye bar and an anchoring bar. However the latter is of a novel arrangement whereby the two are laterally offset so that there is a space or gap between the eye bar and anchoring bar which is occupied only by the fabric of the garment. Thus, definite assurance is had that the bill of the hook may always be easily inserted.
More in detail, the invention has as an object the provision, in a hook and eye assembly of the character aforesaid, of an anchoring bar for the eye which has laterally offset lobes at each end which are formed with the slots which receive the pointed tangs on the eye bar.
attached, being taken about on the These tangs are clinchedby being bent outwardly against the lobes rather than inwardly as has been the practice heretofore.
Various other more detailed objects and advantages of ii the invention such as arise in connection with carrying out the above noted ideas in a practical embodiment will in part become apparent and in part be hereinafter stated as the description of the invention proceeds.
For a full and more complete understanding of the tion and accompanying drawing herein.
invention reference may be had to the following descrip- Figure 1 is a view in front elevation of two flaps of agarment, such as a pair of trousers, and are intended to be closed by the hook and eye of this invention. In this view, one of the flaps is turned outwardly for purposes of illustration. 7
' Figure 2 is a detailed perspective showing the two elements of the eyein exploded relation;
Figure 3 is a detailed perspective of the hook per-se'; Figure 4 is a transverse section through the eye and garment part to which it is attached, being taken about on the plane represented by the line 4-4 of Figure 1; Figure 5 is a view in elevation looking at the inner side of the ply of the garment to which the eye is at-- tached, being taken about on the plane represented by the line 5-5 of Figure 4; p
Figure 6 is a detailed section taken normal to the showing of Figure 4 and about on the plane represented by the line 6-6 of Figure 4;
Figure 7 is a section through the hook and garment part to which it is attached, being taken about on the plane represented by the line 7-7 of Figure 1;
Figure 8 is a View in elevation looking at the innerside of the ply of the garment part to which the hookis plane represented by the line 8-8 of Figure 7; 7
' Figure 9 is a section through the hook taken normal plane represented by the line 9-9-of Figure 8;
to the showing of Figure 7 and is taken about on the Figure 10 is a sectional view through" the hook and eye when ass'embledin holding relation; and
sFigure. 11 is another sectional view-through the hook and eye when assembled, being taken normal to the showing of Figure 10 and about on the plane represented by the line 11-11 of Figure 10.
Referring now to the drawings and first, more particularly, to Figure 1, two flaps of a garment which are intended to be closed by the hook and eye of this invention are shown in 10 and 11. These flaps may be those parts which define the fly in a pair of trousers, but this is merely exemplary of any two garment elements which are to be joined in a quickly detachable manner by a heavy duty hook and eye.
The hook is referred to in its entirety by the reference character H, and is applied to the flap 11. The eye, which is referred to in its entirety by the reference character E, is applied to the flap 10.
Referring now more particularly to Figure 3 wherein the hook H is illustrated per se, it will be noted that the hook H comprises a backing plate 12 of an elongate tapered side construction having a free edge at 13. Closely adjacent to this free edge 13 the plate 12 is formed with a pair of apertures 14. Integrally joined to the opposite end of the backing plate 12 by a bend 15 is a bill 16. The bend 15 provides for a spaced relation between the bill 16 and that part of the backing plate which it overlies. This spaced relation is identified by the gap at 17. Entering into both the bill 16 and backing plate 17 from the bend 15 is a notch or recess 18.
Referring now more particularly to Figures 7, 8, and 9,
the garment flap 11 is shown as comprising two plies,
. Patented June 21, 1960 namely an outer ply 19 and an inner ply 20. At the free r sa va e ed e, both. of he pl es are turned inwardly indicated at 21. Ordinarily a piece of reinforcing fabric, shown at 22, is also positioned between the two plies.
Th hook H is assemble 1 the Mall by Passing he ackin pla e thro g a gap or uns hed po t on that is.
then pas hro h he pen ng 4. T e ends of the legs are then clinched by being bent inwardly against the backing plate as shown at 25 in Figures 8 and 9.
R fe rin no mo e parti la y to F g re. 2, the y .v show a compri a anchor g ar that is referred to its entiretyby the reference character A, and an eye.
bar that is identified generally as B. The anchoring barIA includes a main'body or back portion 26 having an outer curved edge at 27 and an inner straight edge at 28. In-i tegrally joined to the opposite ends of the main body portion and extended laterally inwardly from the ends ofthe edge ZBare lobes29 formed with slots 30. It is important to note that these slots 30 a re offset laterally with respect tov the inner edge 28 of the main body portion ofi'the anchoring bar. 7 The eye bar proper comprises a main body portion or back 31 to each end of which is integrally joined an end flange or leg 32 which terminates in a pointed tang 33. These, tangs are intended for insertion through the slots 30 and clinching by being bent outwardly against the obesla Referring now more particularly to Figures 4, 5, and 6, the garment flap is shown as comprising an outer ply 3.4 an'inner ply 35. Inasmuch as the eye E is to be anchoped-to the outer ply 34, a piece of reinforcing fabric, shown at 3 6, is inserted between the two plies. The anchoring bar A is positioned between this reinforcing fabric and the inner ply 35,; After this anchoringv bar has been sopositioned the eye bar B is assembled by 4, 7 so positioned, the back 31 of the eye bar B is offset laterally with respect to the main body portion 26. of the anchoring bar A as represented by the gap 38 shown in Figure 1. This space 38 is occupied only by the fabric and will ofier no appreciable resistance to the insertion of the bill 16 beneath the back 31 of the eye bar B as shown in Figures 10 and 11. Thus, no spreading operation is ever required to assure that the eye will always be in condition to receive the hook.
While a preferred and specific embodiment of the invention is hereinbefore set forth, it is to be clearly understood that the invention is not to be limited to the exact constructions, arrangements and designs illustrated and described because various modifications of these details may be provided in putting the invention into practice within the purview of the appended claim.
What is claimed is:
In a heavy-duty hook-and-eye assembly, an eye comprising an anchoring bar and an eyebar adapted to be positioned on the opposite faces of a garment to which the. eye is secured, said anchoring bar being of sheet metal and of U shape defined by a pair of spaced lobes and a. main body portion integrally joined to said lobes, said body portion having inner and outer edges with said-lobes causing the, pointed tangs 33 to pierce the ply 34 andreinforeing fabric 36, and then pass through the slots- 30.
The ends of the tangs areithen clinchedbybeing bentoutwardly against the 'lobes29. as shown at 37. When being offset inwardlywith respect to said inner edge, saidv lobes having confronting edges with each of said lobes being formed with a slot normal to and spaced laterally from said inner edge and closely adjacent to one of said confronting edges, said eyebar consisting of a back extend-H ing over the space between said lobes and with a lug integrally joined-to each end of said back by a bend and terminating in a pointed tang adapted to be passed through one of said slots and clinched outwardly against the respective lobe in metal to-metal engagement therewith, eachof said lobes having an extent away from the slot therein at least equal to the length of the tang passing through that slot References Cited in the file of this patent mr-ED STATES PATENTS Great Britain Mar. 26; 1952-
US747719A 1958-07-10 1958-07-10 Hook and eye Expired - Lifetime US2941271A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4639983A (en) * 1984-07-06 1987-02-03 Nippon Notion Kogyo Co., Ltd. Hook for a hook-and-eye fastener

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US226793A (en) * 1880-04-20 Lithographer
US375699A (en) * 1887-12-27 John ewig
GB669094A (en) * 1948-12-06 1952-03-26 Owen Spencer D Arcy Mumby Improvements in or relating to hook devices of the type suitable for the waist part of trousers and the like
US2631293A (en) * 1950-07-18 1953-03-17 Gold Samuel Hook closure for trouser flies

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US226793A (en) * 1880-04-20 Lithographer
US375699A (en) * 1887-12-27 John ewig
GB669094A (en) * 1948-12-06 1952-03-26 Owen Spencer D Arcy Mumby Improvements in or relating to hook devices of the type suitable for the waist part of trousers and the like
US2631293A (en) * 1950-07-18 1953-03-17 Gold Samuel Hook closure for trouser flies

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4639983A (en) * 1984-07-06 1987-02-03 Nippon Notion Kogyo Co., Ltd. Hook for a hook-and-eye fastener

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