US2930481A - Pallet and palletized package - Google Patents

Pallet and palletized package Download PDF

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Publication number
US2930481A
US2930481A US598952A US59895256A US2930481A US 2930481 A US2930481 A US 2930481A US 598952 A US598952 A US 598952A US 59895256 A US59895256 A US 59895256A US 2930481 A US2930481 A US 2930481A
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Prior art keywords
platform
legs
clips
edges
pallet
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US598952A
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Edwin W Bebie
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International Paper Co
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International Paper Co
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D19/00Pallets or like platforms, with or without side walls, for supporting loads to be lifted or lowered
    • B65D19/38Details or accessories
    • B65D19/40Elements for spacing platforms from supporting surface
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D19/00Pallets or like platforms, with or without side walls, for supporting loads to be lifted or lowered
    • B65D19/0004Rigid pallets without side walls
    • B65D19/0006Rigid pallets without side walls the load supporting surface being made of a single element
    • B65D19/0008Rigid pallets without side walls the load supporting surface being made of a single element forming a continuous plane contact surface
    • B65D19/002Rigid pallets without side walls the load supporting surface being made of a single element forming a continuous plane contact surface the base surface being made of more than one element
    • B65D19/0024Rigid pallets without side walls the load supporting surface being made of a single element forming a continuous plane contact surface the base surface being made of more than one element forming discontinuous or non-planar contact surfaces
    • B65D19/0026Rigid pallets without side walls the load supporting surface being made of a single element forming a continuous plane contact surface the base surface being made of more than one element forming discontinuous or non-planar contact surfaces and each contact surface having a stringer-like shape
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2519/00Pallets or like platforms, with or without side walls, for supporting loads to be lifted or lowered
    • B65D2519/00004Details relating to pallets
    • B65D2519/00009Materials
    • B65D2519/00014Materials for the load supporting surface
    • B65D2519/00019Paper
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2519/00Pallets or like platforms, with or without side walls, for supporting loads to be lifted or lowered
    • B65D2519/00004Details relating to pallets
    • B65D2519/00009Materials
    • B65D2519/00014Materials for the load supporting surface
    • B65D2519/00029Wood
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2519/00Pallets or like platforms, with or without side walls, for supporting loads to be lifted or lowered
    • B65D2519/00004Details relating to pallets
    • B65D2519/00009Materials
    • B65D2519/00049Materials for the base surface
    • B65D2519/00054Paper
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2519/00Pallets or like platforms, with or without side walls, for supporting loads to be lifted or lowered
    • B65D2519/00004Details relating to pallets
    • B65D2519/00258Overall construction
    • B65D2519/00283Overall construction of the load supporting surface
    • B65D2519/00288Overall construction of the load supporting surface made of one piece
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2519/00Pallets or like platforms, with or without side walls, for supporting loads to be lifted or lowered
    • B65D2519/00004Details relating to pallets
    • B65D2519/00258Overall construction
    • B65D2519/00313Overall construction of the base surface
    • B65D2519/00318Overall construction of the base surface made of one piece
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2519/00Pallets or like platforms, with or without side walls, for supporting loads to be lifted or lowered
    • B65D2519/00004Details relating to pallets
    • B65D2519/00258Overall construction
    • B65D2519/00313Overall construction of the base surface
    • B65D2519/00323Overall construction of the base surface made of more than one piece
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2519/00Pallets or like platforms, with or without side walls, for supporting loads to be lifted or lowered
    • B65D2519/00004Details relating to pallets
    • B65D2519/00258Overall construction
    • B65D2519/00313Overall construction of the base surface
    • B65D2519/00328Overall construction of the base surface shape of the contact surface of the base
    • B65D2519/00333Overall construction of the base surface shape of the contact surface of the base contact surface having a stringer-like shape
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2519/00Pallets or like platforms, with or without side walls, for supporting loads to be lifted or lowered
    • B65D2519/00004Details relating to pallets
    • B65D2519/00258Overall construction
    • B65D2519/00313Overall construction of the base surface
    • B65D2519/00328Overall construction of the base surface shape of the contact surface of the base
    • B65D2519/00338Overall construction of the base surface shape of the contact surface of the base contact surface having a discrete foot-like shape
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2519/00Pallets or like platforms, with or without side walls, for supporting loads to be lifted or lowered
    • B65D2519/00004Details relating to pallets
    • B65D2519/00258Overall construction
    • B65D2519/00313Overall construction of the base surface
    • B65D2519/00328Overall construction of the base surface shape of the contact surface of the base
    • B65D2519/00343Overall construction of the base surface shape of the contact surface of the base contact surface being substantially in the form of a panel
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2519/00Pallets or like platforms, with or without side walls, for supporting loads to be lifted or lowered
    • B65D2519/00004Details relating to pallets
    • B65D2519/00258Overall construction
    • B65D2519/00368Overall construction of the non-integral separating spacer
    • B65D2519/00373Overall construction of the non-integral separating spacer whereby at least one spacer is made of one piece
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2519/00Pallets or like platforms, with or without side walls, for supporting loads to be lifted or lowered
    • B65D2519/00004Details relating to pallets
    • B65D2519/00547Connections
    • B65D2519/00552Structures connecting the constitutive elements of the pallet to each other, i.e. load supporting surface, base surface and/or separate spacer
    • B65D2519/00572Structures connecting the constitutive elements of the pallet to each other, i.e. load supporting surface, base surface and/or separate spacer with separate auxiliary element, e.g. screws, nails, bayonets
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2571/00Bundles of articles held together by packaging elements for convenience of storage or transport, e.g. portable segregating carrier for plural receptacles such as beer cans, pop bottles; Bales of material
    • B65D2571/00006Palletisable loads, i.e. loads intended to be transported by means of a fork-lift truck
    • B65D2571/00111Arrangements of lexible binders

Description

March 29, 1960 w. BEBIE PALLET AND PALLETIZED PACKAGE 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed July 19, 1956 INVENTOR [mmv lt/BiB/E BY 8 ATTORNEY March 29, 1960 E. w. BEBIE PALLET AND PALLETIZED PACKAGE 7 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed July 19, 1956 INVENTOR fan w 14/ 555 /5 8. m. 5hr

ATTORNEY iinite PALLET AND PALLETIZE ACKAGE Application July 19, 1956, SgriaLN0. 598,952

12 Claims. 1(Cl.'2066 0) This invention'relates in general to pallets or platforms upon which packaged materials .are stacked and which may be transported in toto by fork-liftjtrucks, and particularly to a new and useful, inexpensive pallet and to a method of preparing a package for shipment.

A pallet constructed in .accordance with this invention comprises a fiat deck or vplatform of any substantially rigid, inexpensive material such as fibreboard, corrugated paperboard, plywood, or other fibrous material, light metal or the like and tubular legs such as inexpensive but strong cores of paper or other fibrous material, the latter being aflixed inany desired location to the bottom of the platform by leg-securing clips of novel design. The cost of such pallets is small. The component parts may be shipped separately to the place of use and. as received they may bestored ina space one third of that requiredby other pallets or skids of a similar nature. Assembly of the pallet and complete loading and securing of a palletized shipping package may be accomplished quickly and easily. By the provision of the novel legecuring clips-for attaching the tubular legs to the deck it is possible to move the legsto any desired location and to hold them in place beneaththedeckby merely inserting a clip over the end of the legs and the adjacent .edge

of the deck. The deck may then be loaded with materials and the whole load rigidly palletized by encircling the load with metal bands which are passed through the tubular legs and secured together at their ends. The metal leg-securing clips which are positioned ateachend of the tubular legs alsoserve the added function ofpreventing damage to the load by the possibility of chafing caused by the metal straps. The application of strapping through the core legs prevents any shifting of the load above the leg supports.

' Accordingly, it is an object of this invention to provide a pallet including a substantially rigid platform and a plurality of supporting tubular .legs secured to the platform by clips afiixed to eachend of the legs and the platform.

A further obiect is to provide a palletized package including a pallet having a plurality of tubular legs secured to each end of a platform by securing clips, a load on the pallet, and a metal band encompassing the load and pass ing through the tubular legs over the exposed outside edges of the securing clips.

A further object is to-provide a method of preparing a package forshipment comprising assembling a pallet by positioning a plurality of tubular legs beneath a platform .and securing them inplace with leg-securing clips that extend aroundtheedges of the platform and the legs, loading the platform,,andhencircling the load with strapring w i h extend hroug t u ul l a th ackand .bottom ncrtions .o t hele t e uri c ips- Aiiurthenohi is qpt -aonta n bal e hav n tubular legs secured thereto by leg-securing clips extendi s @IQQ Ih eQ IQ o thel gs;andiutorrecess s pr vided at the bottom;of:the;container.

" aten t the clip .14..is. inserted -arpund: the edge of the platform ice for the pallet.

With these and other objects in view, the nature'of which will bemore apparent, the invention .will the more fully understood byreference to thedrawings; the accompanying detailed description and theappended claims.

' In the drawings,

Fig. 1 is a perspective view of .a loaded :pallet -constructed and assembled in accordance with this invention;

Fig. 2 is a fragmentaryvend.elevation showing theattachment ofa tubular leg to the platform by a leg-securing clip;

Fig. 3 is an enlarged perspective .view of.;theileg-secur- ,ing clip;

Fig. 4 is a fragmentaryperspective viewof a; palletized container constructed .in accordance-with .this invention;

Fig. 5 is a perspective .viewof another embodiment-of clip;

Fig. 6 is a fragmentary perspective .view of another embodiment of pallet constructed inlaccordance with this invention;.and i f .Fig. 7 is azperspective view of .apfour-way enttypallet constructed in accordance with this invention.

Referring to thedrawings in particular, :the invention section chosen as being suitable $0.1 easy attachment ;-to

the platformand strong enough tohcarrythe load to "be supported on the, pallet. 'The-zlegshaveinner uppensurfaces-13, which in the embodiments illustrated ariecylin drical, terminatingtat ;,upper end. edges 13a. 7

In accordance with this invention .vthepallet is formed by merely horizontally positioning a plurality .of tubular legs 12 underEtheiplatformgwithttheir uppei';end edges 13a adjacent; the platform edges. til and securing ,each .of the legsin pljace by inserting atclip, :generally designated 14, around the upperendedges ilfiwof Teach endlof the/legs and the adjacent edge7l1' of :the platform;

Each clip 14 includes an :accurately cross-sectioned lower portion ;16, h aving;a cylindrical contact surface 117 corresponding toand fittinglagainst the cylindrical inner upper surface 13 inside the tubular legs 12. In :thetembodiment shown in the drawinga prong ls-is formed on the portion 16 by making.twotintersectingangle cuts and by bending the triangular piece formed there between 20 is joined to the'lower portion 16 by atstraight back portion 24 which is perpendicular thereto. It is within the scope of this invention .to use .solid memberstosup' port the platform instead of the tubular legs 12in which :case the back portion :214 of the clip 14 is .made long enough to span the .depth of .such members. V

Each leg-securing clip 14. is. made :of springy metal ;so that the bottom portion :16sfits; inside the tubular legs l l and .thetop portion- 20 *fits .over the -top ofthe -pla tform 10to hold the platform and-the legstightlytogetheiby a clamping'action. 'The1;prongz1-8 on the portion 16 apd the prong 23 on the portion-=20 are depressed slightly as 3 and the tubular leg 12 so that the prongs tend to bear against the wall of the tubular leg and the platform to anchor the clip in position. The prongs 13 and 23 are of such a size and construction that it would make withdrawing the leg-securing clip 14 difficult, but not impossible.

It may be seen that pallets of all sizes may be easily made in accordance with this invention by merely arranging the tubular supporting legs 12 in any desired number and spacing beneath the platform 16, made to any desired size or shape, and securing the legs in place by applying the leg-securing clips 14 over adjacent ends of the platform and the legs. It is possible to shift the position of the tubular legs 12 laterally so that the loads carried by the pallet may be supported in desired 10- cations.

In order to prepare a load for shipment on a pallet constructed in accordance with this invention the" thbular legs 12 are arranged beneath the platform It) in desired load-bearing spaced relationship and held thereto by the clips 14. Material suchas stacks of corrugated paper board sheets 26 are then stacked ontop offthe platform 10and metal bands 28 preferably are passed through the tubular legs 12 under the bottom portions 14 and over the back portions 24 of the securing clips 14 and over the stacks of paperboard sheets 26 and tightly secured.

Wound paper tubes or cores may be used advanta--' geously for the legs 12 both from the standpoint of economy and load-supporting ability. A paper core 1%" inside diameter and 2%" outside diameter, for example, will withstand loads in excess of 110 pounds per linear inch.

In the embodiment of the invention shown in Fig. 4 a container 29 is constructed with a plurality of slots 30 adjacent the bottom edges of opposite ends thereof to provide access openings for the insertion of the securing clips 14. The clips 14 are placed over the edges of legs 31 and the container bottom. The legs 31 are wound paper tube halves in the form of hollow half-cylinders with their longitudinal edges down which are at least as strong as the full tubes and present a' flat non-skidding ground-contacting surface when fastened by the clips 14 in the manner shown. The use of tube halves instead of the full tubes for the legs may also be desirable for use with pallets when rough handling such as is encountered in freight car bumping is expected, in order to minimize the tendency of the legs to roll with respect to the pallet. A clip such as that shown in Fig. 5 and generally designated 32 may be used instead of the clips 14 for palletizing containers having no slots as at 30. A top portion 33 of the clip 32 is pointed and sharp so that it can be used to piercethe container at a location above the bottom panel of the container to secure the cores to the bottom of the container.

In many instances it is desirable to present a flat surface on the bottom of the pallet as well as the top in order to facilitate stacking where loads such as filled paper bags form an uneven top surface which could be damaged by the blades of fork-lift trucks. In such cases a double deck pallet 36 may be made in accordance with this invention (Fig. 6). The double deck pallet 36 comprises an upper deck 38 secured to the top of each tubular leg 40 and a lower deck 42 or bottom platform underlying and secured to the'bottom of each leg by a second set of clips 14a. The bottom platform 42 has opposite edges 45 which are co-extensive with the edges 39 of the upper platform 38 and adjacent lower end edges 47 of the legs 40. The clips 14a are similar to the clips 14, and their contact surfaces conform to the under surface of the lower platform 42. and the inner cylindrical surfaces of the legs 40. It also may be desirable to insert a wooden reinforcing. plug 43 into the ends of each of the paper core legs 40 for very heavy loads.

These pallets maybe put together in a number; of desirable ways. For example, in Fig. 7 a four-way entry type of pallet is shown. In this embodiment a deck 44 is provided with two or more pairs of slots 46, 46 arranged in parallel rows and made to dimensions that will provide deck edges adjacent the inside edges of short lengths of tubular legs 48 and openings sufiiciently large to permit the insertion of clips 14 over the inside ends of the tubular legs and the deck 34. This arrangement provides openings between adjacent ends of the legs 48 for accesses on each of the pallet sides as well as the ends for the entry of the blades 50 of a fork lift truck.

Palletizing in accordance with this invention is an excellent way for shipping all kinds of materials which are either to be stacked on such pallets or packed in containers having the palletizing slots at the bottom. The complete palletizing may be accomplished quickly and easily, and the pallet materials are inexpensive and er.- pendable. The fibre-board or plywood platform 10 and the paper cores12 and the small leg-securing metal clips 14 or the clips 32 may all be discarded after initial shipment or, if desired, saved for further palletizing. The metal leg-securing clips 14 and 32 serve both as a means for rapidly affixing the tubular legs 12 to the platform 19 or the container 29, and as a chafing plate over which the securing bands such as themetal strapping 28 may extend. The clips act as a chafing plate by preventing damage to the edge of the platform or the bottom edge of the load or container by rubbing or cutting action of the securing hands during shipment.

I claim:

l. A pallet comprising a platform having opposite platform edges, a plurality of supporting legs lying longitudinally under said platform between said platform edges, said legs having inner upper surfaces terminating at upper end edges which are adjacent said platform edges, and clips over said adjacent platform and end edges, said clips each having an upper portion fitting against the upper surface of said platform and a lower portion fitting against a said inner upper surface inside said leg, said clips securing said legs against said platform.

2. The combination as set forth in claim 1 in which at least one of the said platform and legs is formed of fibrous material.

3. The combination as set forth in claim 2 in which at least one of the said portions of each of the clips includes a prong projection extending into'a said surface against which said clip portion fits.

4. A pallet comprising a platform having opposite platform edges, a plurality of supporting legs lying longitudinally under saidplatform between said platform edges, said legs having arcuate inner upper surfaces terminating at upper'end edges which are adjacent said platform edges, and clips over saidadjace'nt platform and end edges, said clips each having an upper portion fitting against the upper surface of said platform and a lower portion having an arcuate contact surface corresponding to and fitting against a said arcuate inner upper surface inside said leg, said clips securing said legs against said platform.

5. A pallet comprising a platform having opposite platform edges and adjacent flat portions, a plurality of supporting legs in the form of hollow cylinders lying longitudinally under said platform between said platform edges, said legs having cylindrical inner surfaces terminating at upper end edges which are adjacent said platform edges, and clips over said adjacent platform and end edges, said clips each having a flat upper portion fitting. against the upper surface of said fiat platform portion and a lower supporting legs are formed of fibrous material.

7. The combination as set forth in claim 6 in which plugs are inserted in the ends of said supporting legs.

8. In the combination as set forth in claim 5, said cylindrical inner surfaces of said legs also defining lower end edges, a bottom platform underlying said supporting legs and having opposite edges which are co-extensive with the edges of said upper platform and adjacent said lower end edges of said legs, and a second set of clips over the edges of said lower platform and said lower end edges of said legs, the clips of said second set having portions including flat and cylindrical contact surfaces correspond-' ing to and fitting the under surface of said lower platform and the cylindrical inner surfaces of said legs respectively thereby securing said lower platform to said legs.

9. A pallet comprising a platform having opposite platform edges and adjacent fiat portions, a plurality of supporting legs in the form of hollow half-cylinders with their longitudinal edges down lying longitudinally under said platform between said platform edges, said legs having cylindrical inner upper surfaces terminating at end edges which are adjacent said platform edges, and clips over said adjacent platform and end edges, said clips each having a fiat upper portion fitting against the upper surface of said flat platform portion and a lower portion having a cylindrical contact surface corresponding to and fitting against a said cylindrical upper surface. inside said leg, said clips securing said legs against said platform.

10. A palletized package comprising a platform having opposite platform edges, a plurality of supporting legs lying longitudinally under said platform between said platform edges, said legs having inner upper surfaces terminating at upper end edges which are adjacent said platform edges, clips over said adjacent platform and end edges, said clips each having an upper portion fitting against the upper surface of said platform and a lower portion conforming to and fitting against a said inner upper surface inside said leg, a load on said platform and a plurality of straps encircling said load and extending through said legs and over said clips.

11. A pelletized container comprising a receptacle having a bottom providing a platform and side walls extending upwardly from opposite edges of said bottom, a plurality of pairs of opposing slots formed in said opposite side walls adjacent said opposite bottom edges, a plurality ing to and fitting against a 'said inner upper surface inside said leg, said clips securing said legs against said platform. 1

12. A pallet comprising a platform having opposite edges and a plurality of aligned slots defining additional edges between said opposite edges, a plurality of supporting legslying longitudinally under said platform, said legs having inner upper surfaces terminating at upper end edges each of which is adjacent an edge of the platform, said legs being spaced longitudinally and transversely from each other in rows so as to permit entry between the rows of the blades of a fork truck from any of four directions, and clips over adjacent platform edges and upper end edges of said legs, said clips each having an upper portion fitting against the upper surface ofsaid platform and a lower portion fitting against a said inner upper surface inside of said leg, said clips securing said legs against said platform.

References Cited in the file of this patent FOREIGN PATENTS 591,660 France Apr. 15, 1925

US598952A 1956-07-19 1956-07-19 Pallet and palletized package Expired - Lifetime US2930481A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US598952A US2930481A (en) 1956-07-19 1956-07-19 Pallet and palletized package

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Cited By (24)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3036802A (en) * 1960-03-14 1962-05-29 Union Bag Camp Paper Corp Load supporting pallet
US3106174A (en) * 1961-12-26 1963-10-08 Richard V Newton Expendable pallet
US3241890A (en) * 1963-10-07 1966-03-22 Ralph F Stallman Recirculating bearing
US3256839A (en) * 1964-09-02 1966-06-21 Alan A Peterson Warehousing pallet
US3294040A (en) * 1965-03-15 1966-12-27 Gregoire Engineering And Dev C Load carrying pallet
US3489274A (en) * 1968-05-01 1970-01-13 Overton Container Corp End suspension container
US3567068A (en) * 1968-10-04 1971-03-02 Collapsible Pallet Inc Collapsible pallet
US3654877A (en) * 1969-05-16 1972-04-11 American Novawood Corp Knockdown warehouse pallet
US3805473A (en) * 1971-03-25 1974-04-23 E Lidgard Packaging methods and structures
FR2236741A1 (en) * 1973-07-03 1975-02-07 Gunther Sa Pallet with tubular cardboard or plastic frame - deck is stapled to frame to produce low cost assembly
US4501402A (en) * 1983-02-03 1985-02-26 Nippon Steel Metal Products Co., Ltd. Metal skid for bundling
US4807748A (en) * 1986-07-14 1989-02-28 Phelps Engineering Company, Inc. Attachable container riser
US4834001A (en) * 1984-09-13 1989-05-30 Fred Atterby Base members for pallets
US5067418A (en) * 1990-07-24 1991-11-26 Reusable Rolls, Inc. Recyclable paperboard pallet
US5255614A (en) * 1982-03-16 1993-10-26 Bertil Voss-Schrader Knock down disposable pallet
EP0581293A1 (en) * 1992-07-30 1994-02-02 REUSABLE ROLLS, Inc. Paperboard core pallet
EP0755864A1 (en) * 1995-06-28 1997-01-29 Friedrich Priehs Pallet
US5672412A (en) * 1994-09-19 1997-09-30 Phares; Randy Lee Recyclable cross-laminated corrugated and fiber core pallet
WO2003080455A1 (en) * 2002-03-20 2003-10-02 Coors Brewing Company Disposable/recyclable pallet and method
US20060175218A1 (en) * 2005-02-07 2006-08-10 Mctavish Gordon Bulk bag handling assembly
WO2006124817A1 (en) * 2005-05-16 2006-11-23 Illinois Tool Works Inc. Knockdown pallet structure, and method of erecting and knocking-down the same
US20100236456A1 (en) * 2007-11-06 2010-09-23 Cabka Gmbh Shuttle Pallet for a Storage System
US7871363B1 (en) * 2010-07-14 2011-01-18 Sonoco Development, Inc. Arced bumper pad
US20150291305A1 (en) * 2014-04-11 2015-10-15 Cabka Gmbh & Co. Kg Plastic pallet for flexible bulk containers

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US1494644A (en) * 1923-03-09 1924-05-20 Taussig Joseph Card holder
FR591660A (en) * 1924-01-17 1925-07-16 Crampon to protect banks against theft and fraudulent openings
US2266311A (en) * 1939-08-09 1941-12-16 Reeves Steel And Mfg Company Laundry unit
US2395982A (en) * 1944-09-25 1946-03-05 White Charles Pallet
US2447285A (en) * 1946-10-08 1948-08-17 St Regis Paper Co Pallet
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US2503240A (en) * 1945-07-14 1950-04-11 Materials Handling Lab Inc Portable platform
US2559930A (en) * 1946-10-22 1951-07-10 Robert Gair Co Inc Pallet
US2611569A (en) * 1948-03-26 1952-09-23 Container Corp Paperboard pallet
US2685398A (en) * 1950-04-14 1954-08-03 Maxwell D King Material containing or supporting means
US2815855A (en) * 1954-02-24 1957-12-10 Larry Crosby Container carrier clip

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US1494644A (en) * 1923-03-09 1924-05-20 Taussig Joseph Card holder
FR591660A (en) * 1924-01-17 1925-07-16 Crampon to protect banks against theft and fraudulent openings
US2266311A (en) * 1939-08-09 1941-12-16 Reeves Steel And Mfg Company Laundry unit
US2395982A (en) * 1944-09-25 1946-03-05 White Charles Pallet
US2485644A (en) * 1944-10-03 1949-10-25 Glenn H Norquist Packing case and method of making same
US2503240A (en) * 1945-07-14 1950-04-11 Materials Handling Lab Inc Portable platform
US2447285A (en) * 1946-10-08 1948-08-17 St Regis Paper Co Pallet
US2559930A (en) * 1946-10-22 1951-07-10 Robert Gair Co Inc Pallet
US2611569A (en) * 1948-03-26 1952-09-23 Container Corp Paperboard pallet
US2685398A (en) * 1950-04-14 1954-08-03 Maxwell D King Material containing or supporting means
US2815855A (en) * 1954-02-24 1957-12-10 Larry Crosby Container carrier clip

Cited By (31)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3036802A (en) * 1960-03-14 1962-05-29 Union Bag Camp Paper Corp Load supporting pallet
US3106174A (en) * 1961-12-26 1963-10-08 Richard V Newton Expendable pallet
US3241890A (en) * 1963-10-07 1966-03-22 Ralph F Stallman Recirculating bearing
US3256839A (en) * 1964-09-02 1966-06-21 Alan A Peterson Warehousing pallet
US3294040A (en) * 1965-03-15 1966-12-27 Gregoire Engineering And Dev C Load carrying pallet
US3489274A (en) * 1968-05-01 1970-01-13 Overton Container Corp End suspension container
US3567068A (en) * 1968-10-04 1971-03-02 Collapsible Pallet Inc Collapsible pallet
US3654877A (en) * 1969-05-16 1972-04-11 American Novawood Corp Knockdown warehouse pallet
US3805473A (en) * 1971-03-25 1974-04-23 E Lidgard Packaging methods and structures
FR2236741A1 (en) * 1973-07-03 1975-02-07 Gunther Sa Pallet with tubular cardboard or plastic frame - deck is stapled to frame to produce low cost assembly
US5255614A (en) * 1982-03-16 1993-10-26 Bertil Voss-Schrader Knock down disposable pallet
US4501402A (en) * 1983-02-03 1985-02-26 Nippon Steel Metal Products Co., Ltd. Metal skid for bundling
US4834001A (en) * 1984-09-13 1989-05-30 Fred Atterby Base members for pallets
US4807748A (en) * 1986-07-14 1989-02-28 Phelps Engineering Company, Inc. Attachable container riser
US5067418A (en) * 1990-07-24 1991-11-26 Reusable Rolls, Inc. Recyclable paperboard pallet
EP0581293A1 (en) * 1992-07-30 1994-02-02 REUSABLE ROLLS, Inc. Paperboard core pallet
US5672412A (en) * 1994-09-19 1997-09-30 Phares; Randy Lee Recyclable cross-laminated corrugated and fiber core pallet
EP0755864A1 (en) * 1995-06-28 1997-01-29 Friedrich Priehs Pallet
US6668734B2 (en) * 2001-03-14 2003-12-30 Coors Brewing Company Disposable/recyclable pallet and method
WO2003080455A1 (en) * 2002-03-20 2003-10-02 Coors Brewing Company Disposable/recyclable pallet and method
GB2402381A (en) * 2002-03-20 2004-12-08 Coors Brewing Co Disposable/recyclable pallet and method
GB2402381B (en) * 2002-03-20 2006-04-19 Coors Brewing Co Disposable/recyclable pallet and method
US20060175218A1 (en) * 2005-02-07 2006-08-10 Mctavish Gordon Bulk bag handling assembly
US8033726B2 (en) * 2005-02-07 2011-10-11 LSI—Lift Systems Incorporated Bulk bag handling assembly
US7913630B2 (en) 2005-05-16 2011-03-29 Illinois Tool Works Inc. Combination knockdown pallet structure and article container
WO2006124817A1 (en) * 2005-05-16 2006-11-23 Illinois Tool Works Inc. Knockdown pallet structure, and method of erecting and knocking-down the same
US20100236456A1 (en) * 2007-11-06 2010-09-23 Cabka Gmbh Shuttle Pallet for a Storage System
US8555787B2 (en) * 2007-11-06 2013-10-15 Cabka Gmbh Shuttle pallet for a storage system
US7871363B1 (en) * 2010-07-14 2011-01-18 Sonoco Development, Inc. Arced bumper pad
US20150291305A1 (en) * 2014-04-11 2015-10-15 Cabka Gmbh & Co. Kg Plastic pallet for flexible bulk containers
US9440770B2 (en) * 2014-04-11 2016-09-13 Cabka Gmbh & Co. Kg Plastic pallet for flexible bulk containers

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