US2925800A - Roller coating machine for rigid sheet material - Google Patents

Roller coating machine for rigid sheet material Download PDF

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Publication number
US2925800A
US2925800A US482167A US48216755A US2925800A US 2925800 A US2925800 A US 2925800A US 482167 A US482167 A US 482167A US 48216755 A US48216755 A US 48216755A US 2925800 A US2925800 A US 2925800A
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Prior art keywords
roll
sheet
wiping
coating
sheet material
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Expired - Lifetime
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US482167A
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Wassem Howard Max
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MARSH WALL PRODUCTS Inc
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MARSH WALL PRODUCTS Inc
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Priority to US482167A priority Critical patent/US2925800A/en
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    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D21PAPER-MAKING; PRODUCTION OF CELLULOSE
    • D21HPULP COMPOSITIONS; PREPARATION THEREOF NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES D21C OR D21D; IMPREGNATING OR COATING OF PAPER; TREATMENT OF FINISHED PAPER NOT COVERED BY CLASS B31 OR SUBCLASS D21G; PAPER NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D21H25/00After-treatment of paper not provided for in groups D21H17/00 - D21H23/00
    • D21H25/08Rearranging applied substances, e.g. metering, smoothing; Removing excess material
    • D21H25/12Rearranging applied substances, e.g. metering, smoothing; Removing excess material with an essentially cylindrical body, e.g. roll or rod
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B05SPRAYING OR ATOMISING IN GENERAL; APPLYING FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05CAPPARATUS FOR APPLYING FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05C1/00Apparatus in which liquid or other fluent material is applied to the surface of the work by contact with a member carrying the liquid or other fluent material, e.g. a porous member loaded with a liquid to be applied as a coating
    • B05C1/02Apparatus in which liquid or other fluent material is applied to the surface of the work by contact with a member carrying the liquid or other fluent material, e.g. a porous member loaded with a liquid to be applied as a coating for applying liquid or other fluent material to separate articles
    • B05C1/025Apparatus in which liquid or other fluent material is applied to the surface of the work by contact with a member carrying the liquid or other fluent material, e.g. a porous member loaded with a liquid to be applied as a coating for applying liquid or other fluent material to separate articles to flat rectangular articles, e.g. flat sheets
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D21PAPER-MAKING; PRODUCTION OF CELLULOSE
    • D21HPULP COMPOSITIONS; PREPARATION THEREOF NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES D21C OR D21D; IMPREGNATING OR COATING OF PAPER; TREATMENT OF FINISHED PAPER NOT COVERED BY CLASS B31 OR SUBCLASS D21G; PAPER NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D21H5/00Special paper or cardboard not otherwise provided for
    • D21H5/0005Processes or apparatus specially adapted for applying liquids or other fluent materials to finished paper or board, e.g. impregnating, coating
    • D21H5/006Controlling or regulating
    • D21H5/0062Regulating the amount or the distribution, e.g. smoothing, of essentially fluent material already applied to the paper; Recirculating excess coating material applied to paper
    • D21H5/0067Regulating the amount or the distribution, e.g. smoothing, of essentially fluent material already applied to the paper; Recirculating excess coating material applied to paper with an essentially cylindrical body, e.g. roll or rod

Description

Feb. 23, 1960 w ss 2,925,800
ROLLER COATING MACHINE FOR RIGID SHEET MATERIAL Filed Jan. 17, 1955 lNV ENTOR HOWARD MAX WASSEM ATTORNEY ROLLER COATING MACHINE FOR RIGID SHEET MATERIAL Howard Max Wassem, ,New Philadelphia, Ohio, assignor to Marsh Wall Products, Inc., Dover, Ohio, a corporation of Ohio Application January 17, 1955, Serial No. 482,167 3 Claims. (Cl. 1131) This invention relates. to roll coating machines and relates more particularly to an improved roll coating machine which permits application of a smoothcoating over the entire surface of a rigid sheet material such as hardboard, wallboard, plywood, and the like material.
, Previous types of roll coating machines, such as, for example, the apparatus described in US. Patent No. 2,642,030 to E. H. Brink, were uniformly characterized by a series operating fauls. In their operation, rigid sheets were fed between rolls'whereby a layer or film of coating material was applied to the top surface of the sheets. Thereafter, the coated sheets were fed between a pair of rolls adapted to wipe off the excess of coating material. As the leading edge of each sheet entered the nip of the wiping rolls, the initial pressure applied wiped from the sheet edge substantially all of the coating material. Thus, the surface of the sheet was uncoated, or only poorly coated, for a distance of nearly an inch from its leading edge. This necessitated cutting off, as waste material, the uncoated portion of the sheet. An alternative salvaging procedure was to apply a second coat by reversing the position of the sheet and feeding it through the apparatus with the uncoated portion in the trailing edge position.
A primary object of the present invention resides in the provision of an improved roll coating machine which permits the application of a smooth coating over the entire surface of a rigid sheet material.
Another object of the invention resides in the provision of a roll coating machine which automatically eliminates from the rigid sheet material the uncoated portion produced by prior art means.
Still another object of the invention resides in the novel method of roll coating a rigid sheet material to obtain a uniformly smooth coating over the entire surface of the sheet.
Other objects will be apparent from the description of the invention given hereinafter. A preferred embodiment will now be described with reference to the accompanying drawing in which:
Fig. l is a sectional side elevation of the roll coating machine showing a sheet approaching the wiping roll,
Fig. 2 is a sectional side elevation of the machine showing a sheet entering the nip of the wiping roll, and
Fig. 3 is a sectional side elevation of the machine showing the sheet passing through the wiping roll assembly.
The apparatus comprises a first pair of rolls 10 and 14, the axes of which are substantially parallel and in a plane perpendicular to the surface of the sheet to be coated, comprising a drive roll 10 including an outer portion 12 of resilient material such as a rubber sleeve mounted around a rigid core, and a coating applicator roll 14; a metering roll 16; a coating agent supply trough 18 formed by the surfaces of applicator roll 14 and metering roll 16 respectively; members 20 for closing the ends of trough 18; the periphery of applicator roll 14 containing a series of parallel grooves 22; a second pair of rolls 24 and 36 the axes of which are substantially parallel United States Patent A 2,925,800 Patented Feb. 23, 1960 ice and in a plane perpendicular to the surface of the sheet to be coated, comprising a smooth hard polished-surface wiping roll 24 adjustably journaled by the bearing assembly 26 which cooperates with the pistonrod'28, piston 30, and cylinder 32 to raise and lower the wiping roll 24 when motivated by the solenoid actuated valve 34, and a work supporting roll 36 opposed to and cooperating with the drive roll 10; the drive roll 10 and supporting roll 36 being journaled so as to be adjustable vertically; switch 38 connected through a relay 40 to the valve 34; coating material return trough 42 equipped with a scraper 44 mounted on the double-spiral grooved shaft 46; and doctor blade 48. Means (not shown) are provided for driving the drive roll 10, applicator roll 14, and the supporting roll 36 in the direction of the sheet travel as shown by the arrows; similar independent drive means (not shown) are provided to drive the wiping roll 24 in a direction reverse to the sheet travel.
In operation, a sheet such as a hardboard, wallboard, plywood, or the like sheet is travelled between the first pair of rolls 10 and 14 whereby there is deposited on the upper sheet surface a layer of coating material disposed in substantially parallel ridges. Experimentation has shown that this type of coating material-application is more desirable than is obtainable by means of other coating rolls as, for example, by a smooth coating roll or by one which contains spiral grooves around its periphery. This discovery, which'was entirely unexpected, is an integral part of the present invention and presents a decided advance in the art.
Subsequent to being coated, the sheet is advanced to the second pair of rolls 24 and 36. As the leading edge ofthe sheet approaches these rolls it contacts and depresses the switch 38. This energizes the relay 40 which, in turn, motivates the solenoid actuated valve 34. The wiping roll 24 which idles in elevated positionis thereby loweredby means of the piston 30, piston rod 28, and journal assembly 26. The roll lowering action is controlled so that the face of'the roll contacts the sheet surface immediately adjacent to the leading edge thereof. Thus the wiping action of the roll, due to its rotation in a direction reverse to the direction of sheet travel, commences and is maintained at a constant controlled pressure. This is in contradistinction to prior art single position rolls wherein the initial nip of the wiping roll removed substantially all of the coating agentfrom'the sheet surface for a distance of about an inch or more from the leading sheet edge. In the operation of the novel apparatus of this invention, the initial nip of the wiping roll is eliminated. As a result, a uniform layer of coating material is obtained over the entire sheet surface. As the sheet advances through the rolls 24 and 36, the reverse wiping roll smooths out the ridges of coating material and removes the excess. The resulting film fills the pits in, the sheet surface and imparts an extremely desirable smooth finish to the sheet. The excess of coating material is removed from the wiping roll 24 by the doctor blade 48. The so removed material flows into the return trough 42 and is continuously removed therefrom by the scraper 44 which travels back and forth along the double-spiral grooved shaft 46. The scraper 44 is so hinged that it does not move any coating material during its return travel. The removed coating material is then recycled to the supply trough 18 by conventional pumping means.
As shown in the drawing of a preferred embodiment of the novel apparatus, the means which actuates the wiping roll 24 comprises the switch 38 which is depressed by the leading edge of a sheet travelling through the roll coating machine. Obviously, other mechanical and/or electronic means may be employed to accomplish the same result. One particularly desirable alternative means comprises a light source and a photoelectric cell-positioned at opposite sides of the machine with the light beam passing between the wiping roll 24 and supporting roll 36 immediately ahead of the nip. As a sheet travels through the machine, the leading edge thereof breaks the light beam and energizes the relay 40' and thereby a'ctuates the wiping roll lowering means. When the trailing edge of the travelling sheet passes between thewipin'g roll assembly, the beam of light is again received by the photoelectric cell, and the wiping roll is raised to its idling position.
It will be apparent that the vertical travel of the wiping roll need only be slight as, for example, a matter of a few thousandths of an inch. The amount of roll travel vertically is not critical except that it must be sufficient to eliminate the initial nip of the wiping roll assembly when coating sheet material of any particular thickness. The pressure applied to either set of rolls maybe regulated by adjustment of the drive roll and the supporting roll 36. Similarly, the degree of wiping effected by the wiping roll 24 may be" controlled by I increasing or decreasing the speed of the roll rotation. From the foregoing description, it will be appreciated that the novel method and roll coating apparatus of'the invention present a decided advance in the art of coating rigid sheet material. First, a relatively heavy layer of coating material is deposited on the surface of a traveling sheet and disposed thereon as a series of parallel ridges.
Thereafter, the ridges of coating material are smoothed into a substantially uniform layer and the excess thereof removed by a reverse rotating wiping roll; At this point of the coating operation, the initial nipof the wiping roll assembly is eliminated by the novel combination of results in obtaining a coated sheet whereon the coating material isdisposed as a smooth film uniformly dispersed over the entire sheets'urface. The invention therefore provides to the art a novel roll coating machine and coating method not heretofore available in any previously known apparatus. 7
As many apparently widely different embodiments 'of the invention may be made without departing from the spirit and scope thereof, it is to be understood that the invention is not to be limited except as'defined in the appended claims.
I claim:
1. Apparatus for coating comprising roll means for applying an excess of coating material to the surface of a rigid sheet material, said roll means characterized by a. series of parallel grooves extending around its periphery elements of the apparatus and' the operation thereof 4i in planes perpendicular to the axis of the roll, a smooth ha/rd polished-surface wiping roll adjustably journaled for vertical travel of predetermined distance, a work supporting pressure roll opposed to and cooperating with the wiping roll, the axes of the two rolls being substantially parallel and in a plane substantially perpendicular to that surface of the sheet being coated, means for removing the excess of coating material from the wiping roll, and means for automatically raising the wiping roll a slight distance during idling and lowering the roll for wiping the coated sheet material.
2. Apparatus for coating the surface of a substantially rigid sheet material comprising an applicator roll characterized by a peripheral portion having a series of parallel grooves extending therearound in planes perpendicular to the axis of the roll, a smooth hard polishedsurface wiping roll adapted to be driven in a reverse direction relative to that of the sheet, said wiping roll adjustably journaled for vertical travel of predetermined distance, a work supporting pressure roll opposed to and cooperating with the wiping rolls, the axes of the two rolls being substantiallyparallel and in a plane substantially perpendicular to that surface of the sheet being coated, means for removing the. excess of. coating material from thewiping roll, and means for automatically raising the wipingroll a slight distance during idling and lowering the roll for wiping-the coated sheet material.
3. In an apparatus for coating the surface of a substantially rigid sheet material and wherein the apparatus comprises an applicator roll and a wiping roll in combination with work supporting pressure rolls, said wiping roll adapted to be driven in a reverse direction relative to that of the-sheet, the improvement which comprises adjustable journaling of said wiping rollfor vertical travel of predetermined distance, automatic means for moving the wiping roll vertically, said means actuated by the leading edge of the sheet to lower said wiping roll into working position, and said means actuated by the trailing edge of the sheet to raise said wiping roll into idling position.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,023,019 Heppes Dec. 3, 1935 2,066,780 Holt Jan. 5, 1937 2,532,730 Penker et al. Dec. 5, 1,950 2,557,696 Schafer June 16, 1951 2,589,302 Snowman Mar. 18, 1952 2,614,522 Snyder Oct. 21, 1952 2,642,030 Brink June 16, 1953
US482167A 1955-01-17 1955-01-17 Roller coating machine for rigid sheet material Expired - Lifetime US2925800A (en)

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3186377A (en) * 1961-12-04 1965-06-01 Jerome E Schuessier Cam controlled, diverse, co-acting doctors on a roller applicator
US3693585A (en) * 1970-08-06 1972-09-26 Georgia Pacific Corp Roll coating apparatus for panel products
US3826224A (en) * 1971-11-02 1974-07-30 Nordson Corp Thermoplastic dispenser system having non-clogging melting zone
US5102491A (en) * 1988-12-09 1992-04-07 Morton International, Inc. Wet lamination process and apparatus
US5476546A (en) * 1991-02-21 1995-12-19 Firma Zibulla & Sohn Gmbh Raziol-Schmierungstechnik Apparatus for applying lubricant pattern to a sheet work piece
US5937258A (en) * 1997-02-28 1999-08-10 Xerox Corporation Paper conditioner with articulating back-up/transfer rollers
US6613150B1 (en) * 1999-12-02 2003-09-02 The Boeing Company Machine for applying coatings to stringers
EP3453464B1 (en) 2017-09-11 2020-11-04 Hesse GmbH & Co. KG Roller application of lacquers and wood surfaces

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2023019A (en) * 1927-02-03 1935-12-03 Patent & Licensing Corp Apparatus for saturating sheet material
US2066780A (en) * 1932-01-30 1937-01-05 Armstrong Cork Co Apparatus for and method of coating fabrics
US2532730A (en) * 1947-10-10 1950-12-05 Etched Products Corp Apparatus for coating plates
US2557696A (en) * 1949-12-17 1951-06-19 Charles F Schaefer Glue applying machine
US2589302A (en) * 1948-08-05 1952-03-18 North American Paper Process C Method of applying a discontinuous coating to paper
US2614522A (en) * 1948-09-22 1952-10-21 William T Snyder Coating machine for coating flexible sheets
US2642030A (en) * 1949-07-28 1953-06-16 Masonite Corp Roller coating machine for rigid sheet material

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2023019A (en) * 1927-02-03 1935-12-03 Patent & Licensing Corp Apparatus for saturating sheet material
US2066780A (en) * 1932-01-30 1937-01-05 Armstrong Cork Co Apparatus for and method of coating fabrics
US2532730A (en) * 1947-10-10 1950-12-05 Etched Products Corp Apparatus for coating plates
US2589302A (en) * 1948-08-05 1952-03-18 North American Paper Process C Method of applying a discontinuous coating to paper
US2614522A (en) * 1948-09-22 1952-10-21 William T Snyder Coating machine for coating flexible sheets
US2642030A (en) * 1949-07-28 1953-06-16 Masonite Corp Roller coating machine for rigid sheet material
US2557696A (en) * 1949-12-17 1951-06-19 Charles F Schaefer Glue applying machine

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3186377A (en) * 1961-12-04 1965-06-01 Jerome E Schuessier Cam controlled, diverse, co-acting doctors on a roller applicator
US3693585A (en) * 1970-08-06 1972-09-26 Georgia Pacific Corp Roll coating apparatus for panel products
US3826224A (en) * 1971-11-02 1974-07-30 Nordson Corp Thermoplastic dispenser system having non-clogging melting zone
US5102491A (en) * 1988-12-09 1992-04-07 Morton International, Inc. Wet lamination process and apparatus
US5476546A (en) * 1991-02-21 1995-12-19 Firma Zibulla & Sohn Gmbh Raziol-Schmierungstechnik Apparatus for applying lubricant pattern to a sheet work piece
US5937258A (en) * 1997-02-28 1999-08-10 Xerox Corporation Paper conditioner with articulating back-up/transfer rollers
US6613150B1 (en) * 1999-12-02 2003-09-02 The Boeing Company Machine for applying coatings to stringers
EP3453464B1 (en) 2017-09-11 2020-11-04 Hesse GmbH & Co. KG Roller application of lacquers and wood surfaces

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