US286677A - Copying and printing press - Google Patents

Copying and printing press Download PDF


Publication number
US286677A US286677DA US286677A US 286677 A US286677 A US 286677A US 286677D A US286677D A US 286677DA US 286677 A US286677 A US 286677A
United States
Prior art keywords
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Publication date
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US286677A publication Critical patent/US286677A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current




    • B41L47/00Details of addressographs or like series-printing machines
    • B41L47/42Printing mechanisms
    • B41L47/46Printing mechanisms using line-contact members, e.g. rollers, cylinders


4 SheetsSheet 1.
No. 286,677. Patented Oct. 16, 1883.
u PETERS. mumwm Vlzabingwn. n, a
4 Sheets-Sheet 2.
(No Model.)
No. 286.677. Patented Oct. 16
4 Sheets-Sheet 3.
(No Madel.)
No. 286.677. Patented Oct. 16, 1883.
a .ilsi
N. PETERS. Mmmn n m. Wuh'mgiom 0.6.
(No Model.) I 4 Sheets-Sheet 4.
will a 51/ Y Q1017? N. PETERS. PMwLilhop-pimr, vljmmgml. a. c.
ATENT on woosrnn, OHIO.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 286,677, dated October 16, 188?.
Application filed June 24, 1881. (No model.)
To zoZZ whom it may concern:
Beit known that I, FRANK D. BELKNAP, a citizen of the United States, residing at Wooster, in the county of Wayne and State of Ohio, have inv cut-ed certain new and useful Improve ments in Copying and Printing Presses; and I do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make anduse the same, reference beinghad to the accompanying drawings, and to letters or figures of reference marked thereon, which form a part of this specification, and in -which Figure l is a side elevation of the device; Fig. 2, a plan view; Fig. 3, alongitudinal section through a: w of Fig. 2. Fig. 4 is an end view of the feed-cylinder, showing the attachment thereto of the fingers that hold the envelope or other paper to the cylinder, also of the shifting-blocks which operate the fingers. Fig. 5 is a section through the cylinder, showing the rabbet in both ends of the cylinder, into which are fitted the bearing-plates of the shifting-blocks; and Fig. 6 is a detached view of the inking-apparatus, showing the doctorroll removed.
My invention has for its obj ectitheadd-resg ing of envelopes, postal-cards, and the like, and the printing of manifold copies of a paper, which object is accomplished by puncturing or otherwise marking a continuous web of what protection is sought for.
In the accompanying drawings, the letter A indicates the two side frames of the machine, in which are .journaled' the two cylinders B and O, the journals of cylinder B having their hearings in the boxes D, set into the front of the side frames, and the journals of cylinder 0 having their bearings in the boxes E, set into the side frames and adj ustableto and from cylinder B, and held to their'adjustment by set-screws F.
A roll, G, covered with blotting-paper and located above the cylinder B, has keyed to its shaft two hangers, H,which are hinged to the two side frames, A, one to each frame. hangers are slotted, and a bolt or setscrew, a, passes through one or both of the slots into the side frame, so that by means thereof the roll may be held to its vertical adjustment, which it admits of by'reason of its hinged connection to the side frames.
An inking-roll, I, is journaled in the side frames or boxes, secured thereto at a point above the blottingroll G, and a little in advance thereof. The inking-roll (which may be of printers composition) receives its supply of ink from a distributing-roll, J, journaled in the side frames, A, preferably a little in advance of and in a lower plane than the inking roll but in contact therewith. The ink is spread over the surface of the distribut ing-roll by a vibratory roll, K, made of printers composition. This roll travels back and forth longitudinally, its shaft passing loosely through bearings madein the side frames, and can be removed from the machine by disconnecting it from its operatingarms and then I raising it and sliding it through the openings 1) in the side frames, A. The ends of the shaft which project through the sides of the frame are connected to the operating-arms L, the
lower ends of which are connected to the ends der-shaft, the shaft M and vibrator-roll connected thereto are caused to travel to and fro the roll across the surface of the distributingroll, thereby spreading the ink over that roll.
Ink is carried from its fountain to the distributing-roll by means of a doctor-roll, 0, made of printers composition, and journaled in the forked arms d of alever, P. This lever is journaled or fulcrumed in two lugs, Q, extending from the ink-fountain box by means of the sh aft R, which connects to the arms d of the lever, and has its bearings in the lugs Q. The
These 7 is keyed a ratchet, V, with the teeth of which engages a pawl, g, pivoted to the crank-lever \V, which is journaled on the shaft of roll T and connected with the eccentric X, which is on shaft of cylinder 0, so that as cylinder turns,the fountain-roll is revolved a part of a complete revolution, (more or less,) as may be required, whereby it is caused to take theink from the fountain-box and transfer it to the doctor-roll.
The ink-fountain box Y is preferably of rectangularform, and is open at the endwhere the fountain-roll is located, and is supported between the side frames, A, on the extensions Z, which are secured to the side'frames. In
the bottom of the box there is placed a metallie plate, 7:,which projects partly under the fountain-roll, and is adjustable to and from the The same by means of a thumb screw, sponge and felt which holds the supply of ink will rest upon this plate, and will be kept by the angle-piece j, which is brazed or riveted to the plate, from being drawn under the roll.
The webs of paper A A unwind from the reel 13 and wind up on the reel 13, the ends of a the paper being clamped to the reels by keys is, fitting into grooves in the reels. The webs of paper pass over the tension-rolls G which, as well as the reels, are j ournaled in the side frames, A.
The reel 13 is turned by a belt, I), which passes ovcra pulley, E, on the end of its shaft, and over a pulley, E on the shaft of cylinder 0. This cylinder is revolved by a pinion, 1, which meshes with the gear-wheel 2 011 the shaft of the cylinder, and it in turn meshes with the gear-wheel 3 on the shaft of cylinder B, whereby that cylinder is turned; also, with gear 4, which, through gears 5 and 6, revolves the "distributingroll J. The gears 4t and5 are journaled in one of the side frames, A, and gear 6 is keyed to the end of the distributingroll shaft. The pinion 1 is on shaft F, which has its bearings in the lower part of frames A, and is turned by crank F or other suitable power, and has on its other end the fly-wheel G.
The ends of cylinder B are rabbeted, as shown in Fig. 5, and in these rabbets, so as to be flush with the face of the cylinder, are set plates H, which are provide'dwith ears H", the plates being secured to the cylinder by countersunk head screws. Four shafts, 1, run through the cylinder, and are journaled in the ears of the plates If, one end of eachshaft extending beyond the end of the cylinder, so
On the shaft of the roll, at one end, outside of the box, there i seem? that the projecting ends 011 each end of the cylinder will be of each alternate shaft. To the projecting end of each shaft there iskeyed a shifting-block, 1 which is grooved or recessed (preferably bellshaped) on its outside face inwardly from both ends, and in the drawin gs is represented as positioned so that one end will project beyond the periphery of the cylinder. The recessesin the blocks are intended to receive the studs J, which project inwardly from both side frames, so that they will bear against the walls of the recesses and shift the blocks as the cylinder continues to revolve, whereby the shaft to which they are keyed is caused to turn a part of a revolution and carry with it and close the gripper-fingers J, which are also keyed to it,-and extend through slots made in the periphery of the cylinder. After the blocks have passed the studs the fingers are held to the position given them, as described, by means of asp ri n g, K, fitting about arod, K, which is pivoted at one end to an ear, I, formed on the block near one end, andis free to play in the direction of its length in a collar, L, which is swiveled in the end of the cylinder, and a plate, If, screwed or bolted to the cylinder, so that the rod may have a lateral swing. The spring bears against one end of the collar and against a shoulder formed on the upper end of the rod, and is compressed when the block 1 comes in contact with the stud J, and holds the fingers against the envelope till the block strikes in the same manner the delivery stud, when the fingers are released and the envelope dropped andthe fingers held open till the blocks strike thefirst stud, when the parts operate as in the first instance.
The box or trough M, for holding the envelopes or paper while being fed to the feed-cylinder B, is located immediately in front of that cylinder, and the upper portiono'f its end next to the cylinder is cut away, as shown in Fig. 3. The envelopes are laid inthe boxupon their sides with their long edges next to the cylinder, and a metallic. plate, M is placed over them, one end resting upon the cross piece N. It is adjustable to and from the cylinder by means of the thumb-nut m, and is inclined or bent downward next to' the cylinder, allowing only one envelope at a time to present its top edge to the cylinder for thefingers to take it from the box. The envelopes are moved forward by a plunger, N the rods 0 of which pass through the guide-plates O fastened to the end of the box, and are joined together at their outer ends by a cross-bar, P. The plunger is moved forward by means of weights P", connected to the ends-of cords or chains Q, which pass over pulleys Q", and are fastened at their ends to the cross-bar P. The weights P should not be too heavy, for if they are they will cause the plungerto hold the envelopes too tightly for. their easy feed.
The paper is prepared by writing upon it with an electric pen thematter to be printed.
The paper A, thus stenciled, in connection with strip A which is unstenciled, and possesses blotting qualities, being thin or printing paper, is wound up on reel 13, so as to form alternate layers of stenciled and unsteneiled paper. The stenciled sheet or web is then run down between cylinders B and O, and its end connected by key k to the shaft of reel B", one surface being in contactwith ten sion-roll O, which causes itto move inastraight line, and also in contact with the inking-roll I, against which it is held by the blotting-roll G, which also takes from its surface all surplus inlcreceived from the inkingroll I. The 1111- stenciled or blotting web A is run over the to the paper when letters or circulars are to tension-roll C and connected to the shaftof reel 13* by the same means that connects the web A thereto. Motion is imparted to the several parts by the means hereinbefore described, and as the two webs of paper unwind from the reel B they travel in the two lines already indicated, and wind up on reel B in alternate layers of stenciled and unstenciled or blotting paper in like manner as upon reel B. The envelopes received from the feed-box one at a time, and grasped by the fingers on the feed-cylinder, as already described, are carried forward under the apron or hood R, which is fastened to the front of the side frames, and projects between the cylinder an d blottingroll, sons to keep the envelope from being soiled by coming in contact with the blottingroll, and is then carried on between the two cylinders B and C, in contact with the stenciled web of paper from which the matter to be printed is transferred to the envelope by the pressure between the two cylinders, after which the envelope is dropped, as previously described, into a receptacle provided therefor under the machine. This operation is con tinuous until the supply of envelopes or web of stenciled paper is exhausted, when a new supply can be provided by substituting reel B", with the paper wound'thereon, for roll B.
Instead of using the electric pen for stencilin g the paper, the paper may be prepared by the papyrograph systenrorother system that will admit of inking the surface of the system and the transfer of the print to the envelope or be duplicated.
There may be a second stencil-sheet of paper passing from roll Bf over tension-roll C and winding up on roll E the second stencilsheet being un der blotting-sheet A and wound up on roll B", so that the surface intended to receive the inlr will be next to the inked surface of sheet A. The second stencil-web will be used alternately with web A. The surface of cylinder 0 is made up of felt washers, so as thereby to prevent the ink from rendering the roller smooth or hard.
Having described my invention, what I claim is- Manila I of paper, and after they 1. In an organized machine for the purposes set forth, the combination of a continuously fed web of paper, from which the matter is transferred to the envelope, 3. cylinder for antomatically feeding the envelopes to the web have been print-ed dropping them beneath the cylinder, and a cylinder-support for the web opposite to the feedingcylinder, substantially asset forth.
2. In a machine for the purposes described,
the combination of a box-for holding the en velopes and permitting one at a time to be taken therefrom, a cylinder provided with fingers for automatically taking the-envelope from the box and discharging it beneath the cylinder, a cylinder opposite the feeding-cylinder, and a web of paper between the two cylinders, marked with the characters to be transferred, substantially as set forth.
' In a machine for the purposes set forth,
the combination of a cylinder for auto1natically feeding and discharging the envelopes, a cylinder for compressing the envelopes between the feed-cylinder and a continuouslyfed web marked with the characters to be transferred, a reel carrying the marked web and a plain web, and a second reel for drawing the marked web over an inking-roll and between the feed and compression cylinders, and the plain web in a different direction, and winding the two webs around the second reel, substantially as set forth.
4. In a machine for the purposes set forth, the combination of inking-r0111, perforated web A, and blottingroll G, substantially as set forth.
5. In a machine for the purposes set forth, the combination of inking-roll I, perforated web A, and adjustable pressure and blotting roll G, substantially as-set forth.
, 6. In a machine for the purposes set forth, the fountain-box Y, provided with the adjustable base-plate 71. and angle-piece j, substantially as set forth.
7. The feed box M, provided with a plunger for moving forward the envelopes, and a top plate for permitting onlyone envelope at a time to be taken from the v box, in combina tion wit-lithe feed-cylinder B, provided with fingers for automatically taking the envelope from the box and discharging it from the cylinder, substantially as set forth.
8. The combination of feed-cylinder B, cylinder O, reels B B webs A A", tension-rolls G O", inking-roll I, and blotting-roll G, substantially as set forth.
In testimony whereof I affix my signature in presence of two witnesses.
US286677D Copying and printing press Expired - Lifetime US286677A (en)

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US286677A true US286677A (en) 1883-10-16



Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US286677D Expired - Lifetime US286677A (en) Copying and printing press

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US286677A (en)

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US286677A (en) Copying and printing press
US287383A (en) kendall
US553032A (en) Michael p
US376053A (en) Web-printing machine
US690991A (en) Machine for cutting and printing stencil-sheets.
US788524A (en) Inking mechanism.
US412014A (en) Machine for printing and bronzing ribbons
US734172A (en) Stenciling or printing machine
US1103147A (en) Printing-press.
US441790A (en) Joseph l
US927123A (en) Automatic multiplex press.
US637764A (en) Cylindrical neostyle.
US830751A (en) Rotary printing-press.
US721236A (en) Printing-machine.
US788523A (en) Ruling, printing, and cutting machine.
US433776A (en) Printing-press
US1501697A (en) Addressing machine or like printing machine
US652113A (en) Inking apparatus.
US770649A (en) Alfred partr
US377447A (en) bonsack
US291521A (en) Printing-machine
US1010880A (en) Printing-machine.
US483377A (en) Printing-press
US147257A (en) Improvement in reciprocating printing-presses
US219586A (en) Improvement in postmarking and canceling machines