US830751A - Rotary printing-press. - Google Patents

Rotary printing-press. Download PDF

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Publication number
US830751A
US830751A US23532204A US1904235322A US830751A US 830751 A US830751 A US 830751A US 23532204 A US23532204 A US 23532204A US 1904235322 A US1904235322 A US 1904235322A US 830751 A US830751 A US 830751A
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Prior art keywords
printing
roller
cylinder
rollers
impression
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US23532204A
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Frederick M Turck
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CHARLES W TRACY
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CHARLES W TRACY
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B41PRINTING; LINING MACHINES; TYPEWRITERS; STAMPS
    • B41LAPPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR MANIFOLDING, DUPLICATING OR PRINTING FOR OFFICE OR OTHER COMMERCIAL PURPOSES; ADDRESSING MACHINES OR LIKE SERIES-PRINTING MACHINES
    • B41L1/00Devices for performing operations in connection with manifolding by means of pressure-sensitive layers or intermediaries, e.g. carbons; Accessories for manifolding purposes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H39/00Associating, collating or gathering articles or webs
    • B65H39/16Associating two or more webs

Description

1%.. 830,751. PATENTED SEPT. 11, 1906. M. TURGK.
ROTARY PRINTING PRESS.
APPLICATION FILED 1356.3, 1904.
5 SHEETS-SHEET 1.
13 i macaw v v am I':
PATENTED SEPT. 11, 1906.
F. M. TURCK. ROTARY PRINTING PRESS.
APPLICATION FILED DBO. a. 1904.
5 SHEETS-SHEET 2.
PATENTED SEPT. 11, 1906.
F. M. TURGK.
ROTARY PRINTING PRESS.
APPLICATION FILED DEC. 3. 1904.
5 SHEETS-@HEET 3.
5] w Wm PATENTED SEPT. 11, 1906.
r. M. TUROKQ ROTARY PRINTING PRESS.
APPLIUATION FILED DEC. 3 1904.
No. 830,751. I ,PATENTED SEPT. 11, 1906.
- I. M. TURCK.
ROTARY PRINTI APPLICATION FILED NG PRESS.
6 SHEETS-SHEET 5.
UNITED STATES PLIENT OFFICE.
FREDERICK TUI KCK, OF NEW YORK, N. Y., ASSIGNOR OF ONE-HALF 'lQ'iQH-ARLES W. TRACY, OF NEW YORK, N. Y.
, Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Sept. 11, 1906.
Epplication filed December-3, 1904. Serial No. 235,322.
To all whom it may concern.-
Be it known that I, FREDERICK M. TUB-CK, a citizen of the United States of America, and a resident of the borough of Richmond, city. of New York, county of Richmond,
.State of New York, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Rotary Printing-Presses, of which the following is a of colors on the same side of a sheet of paper,
or on both sides, or on the same side of two or more sheets.
The invention consists, essentially, in a novel arrangement for leading the web or webs through the press and submitting it to Y the action of the printing devices; also, in an adjustable mechanism for changing and redirectingmthe passage of the web; also, in various mechanical details and peculiarities in the combination and arrangement of the various parts, substantially as will be hereinafter described and claimed.
In the accompanying drawings, illustrating 'my invention, Figure 1 is a side elevation of my improved rotary printing-press. Fig. 2 is a longitudinal section of the same on the line as a: of Fig. 3. Fig. 3 is a top plan view of substantially one half of the machine, those rollers which extend entirely across the frame being shown as broken off. Fi 4 is a similar top plan view of the other hall of the machine and shows the remaining portions of the broken-off rollers. Fig. 5 is a detail plan view in outline, showing the manner in which the web of paper is passed around the impression-cylinder for the purpose of exposing both' sides to receive an 1m ression in'order that each side may be printe in two colors. Fig. 6 is a similar outline view showing the manner in which a single web of aper is passed about the impression-cyhn er twice, so as to expose the same side of the paper twice in order that said side may receive' an impression of four colors. Fig. 7 IS a similar outline view showing the manner of passing two webs of paper around a single impression-cylinder, each one exposlng one of its sides to be printed, so that thus one side of each of two webs may receive an impression frame 1.
cylinder 2 is one printing-cylinder 4, and horiin two colors. Fig. 8 is a detail side view of the reversible boxes or bearings for the printing and impression cylinders, which boxes are removable and reversible for the purpose of enabling a substitution of printing and impression cylinders of different diameters. Fig. 9 is a view of one of the threaded ide rollers over which the paper is turne right angle. 1
Similar numerals of reference desi ate corresponding arts throughout all the 'fierent figures of t e drawings.
1 designates the main frame of my improved rotary printingress, which may be of any suitable and desirable shape, &c., to accommodate therein the several mechanical elements of the press.
2 denotes a single horizontal impressioncylinder which is suitably journaled in the Vertically above the impressionzontally opposite to the impression-cylinder 2 is anot er printing-cylinder 3. Thus I have a double printing-couple or a printingtriple, consisting of two printing-cylinders cooperating with a single impression-c linder.
Although I do not desire to con e my press to any definite proportions of parts, yet one of the features WhlCh I wish to make prominent is that the forward portion of the main frame 1, or that portion which carries the printing and impression cylinders and the inking attachments, is made, say, double the width of the ordinary press for a givenarea of printing-surface in order that the printing and lmpression cylinders may be twice as lon as usual, this being for the purpose of ena ling each printing-cylinder to carry 'a double type-form and to permit two webs of paper to be passed aroundthe impression-I- roller side by side or one web of paper passed" twice around the impression-roller, wherebytwo paper surfaces will be presented simulta= neously to be printed by the two t i on the upper printing-cylinder an by the.
two forms on the lower printingcylinder.
I wish to expressly say that I consider that e-forrns my invention is broad enough to allow the printing devices on the printing-cylinders t be arranged in any desired'manner, the being that each printing-cylinder should-have two sets of printing devices, if desired, one of which may print in one color and the other in- .another color, or they may all print in. the;
' therein a fountain-roller 8.
' ....which lies the iron roller 13.
'- with the composition roller 11.
same color. For one of the printing-cylinders numbering wheels or cylinders or other devices may be substituted.
I will now briefly explain the-inking con trivances for supplying ink to the printingcylinders 3 and 4. At a suitable point relative to and below the printing-cylinder 3 the frame 1 carries an ink-fountain 9, having .5 indicates a composition roller serving as a ductor to transfer the ink from the fountain-roller 8 to the iron vibrating roller 7 which in turn applies ink to the composition form-roller 6, which applies it to the printing-cylinder 3. Inasmuch as the printing-cyllnder 3 has thereon two type-forms, the fountain 9 will be dividedat the middle into two parts to permit,'if desired, 'one half to contain an ink of one color and the other half an ink of an other color in order that the printing-cylinder-'3 may be enabled to print in two colors.
correspondingly the rollers 5, 6, 7, and Swill serve with both colors, ,apart of each of said rollers. serving with each color. Arranged in connection with the printing-cylinder 4 is a pair ofcomposition rollers 10 and 11, upon 12 denotes an inking-cylinder, whose surface is in contact Rollers 14 and 16 are composition rollers that apply ink to the inking-cylinder 12, and theserollers are arranged to vibrate. An iron roller is in contact with the said rollers 14 and 16, and .a ductor-roller 17 serves to transfer ink from the fountain-roller 18 to the iron roller 15, 'saidroller 18 being located within an inkfgiuntain 19, supported on the upper part of the frame 1. Ink-fountain 19 is divided into 1 'two'jparts, like ink-fountain 9 and the rollers 16 ,11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, and18 will serve with bothcolors, a part of each servin with each color, and thus transferring the in from the separate compartments of the fountain 19 to the separate type-forms on the print-.
in g-cylinder 4 in order that haid cylinder may be enabled to print in two colors, thereby having a like function with the printing-cylinder 3, though the colors may be different. In this manner the printing. devices may make four different-colored impressions -or four different impressions of the same color that is to say, four .distinct imprints in one operation. a a b In Fig. l I show on the outside of the frame 1 an inclined rotative shaft 25, supported in bearings 26 and-27, which are bolted securely to the frame 1, said shaft having a crank 28, which is pivoted to the vibrating roller 7, a crank 29, pivoted to the vibrating roller 14, and a crank 29", pivoted 'to the vibrating roller 16. the shaft 25 may be supplied; but as they form no portion of the present invention and consist of common or well-known -means a' detailed explanation thereof is unnecessary.
Means for rotating or vibrating.
Further, it is unnecessary to explain in detail the rods and 66, connecting with the handles '63 and 64, which are used in conjunctionwith the fountain-rollers Sand 18 to control the ink-supply, and I have accordingly only delineated these in outline.
with a similar roller journaled in the frame 1 Also in frame 20is journaled a feed-roller 22, cooperating with a similar feed-roller in frame 1, and a cylinder 23, cooperating with a similar cylinder in frame 1. By adjustin the movable frame 20 these cylinders and rollers may be placed nearer together or wider apart, these cylinders and rollers being shown here simply to indicate some of'the subsecpient operations through which the web 0 paper may be passed, and said web of paper may obviously be a single sheet or two or more sheets, according to the work which the press may be performing.
In the main frame 1 in the usual manner is supported the paperroller 24, from which the Web of paper-leads around the impres.
sion-cylinder 2 in the. usual manner.v idler 67is journaled in the main frame 1 and assists in directing the course of the web of paper so that it will reach the impression-0y inder with facility at all times. Referringto Fig. 8, it will be observed that the printing-cylinder 4 is supported in boxes 52, one at each,
rob
end. These boxes are each heldin place by .a screw 55. Each boxhasa round opening 59 for the journal of the printing-cylinder 4,
said opening being out of the center or eccen-. tric to the middle line of the box, 'so that when the position of the box is reversed the opening59 will take the position 60, where it Y e will receive the journal of a substitute printing-cylinder of different diameter. I
notes a box employed at each end of the 1mpression-cylinderZ to support the same, .said box having a round opening 57 therein eccentrica'lly placed and adapted to take the posi- I tion 58 when the boxes arereversed, so that when the boxes are so reversed the openings will receive the journals of another impres sion-cylinder of different diameter substituted'inli'eu of impression-cylinder 2. thermore, the lower rinting-cylinder 3 is carried in boxes54, w ich. in the present ex a'mple of the invention preferably bear against the impression-cylinder bearings 53,
Fur-
while the boxes '54 are held in place by the. p v A screw-bolts 56. Boxes 54 have eccentric" round openings 61 to receive journals of the 3 will printing-cylinder 3, which openings when the boxes are reversed assume the position indicated at 62, eccentric to the opening .61, and intended to receive the journals of a substitute printing-cylinder of different diameter.
In Figs. 5, 6, and 7 I have illustrated certain different courses in which one or two webs may be led throu h the machine to receive a diversity of ifierent or similarly colored impressions from the type-forms. This chan e in the passage of' the web is made possi le by the use of guide-rollers 45, 46, 46 ,'and 47, which can be rearranged in the several different ways illustrated and also in other ways. The most usual way in which these guide-rollers may be placed is shown in Figs. 2, 3, 4, and 5, in which the rollers and 46 he at ri ht angle to each other, the apex of the ang e being centrally of the machine and behind the impression-roller 2, while the other ends of the rollers 45 and 46 will be near the sides of the frame 1. These rollers 45 and 46 are suitably journaled in a sliding frame 70, having a proper amount of play to enable a proper register-of the paper to bemade in preparing the press for'pri'nting. The threading of the web for passage around the rollers 45 and 46 when they are in the right-angled position (shown in Figs. 3 and 4) is indicated in the outline view of Fig. 5,
where it will be seen that the Web, which I have marked 50, coming from the roll 24 passes first over the idler 67, then around a portion of the impression-cylinder 2 from underneath, over the cylinder 2, then backward horizontally, downward from above, and around'the angular guide-roller 45, then making a right-angled turn on the way it passes across horizontally to the guide-roller 46 and around the same from above, making in consequence a right-angled turn underneath whi h brings it into a position parallel to the direction which it took in being passed to the first end of impression-roller 2, and it follows this direction to the other end of the im ression-roller 2, passes underneath, around and above the same, and then backwardly to the perforating-rollers 21 and the outting-cylinders 23. Thus it will be seen that the web when it passes a second time around the impression-cylinder .2 presents a different side to the printing devlces from,
that presented during its first passage around the impression-roller, this change being due to the reversion of 1ts course, owing to the winding about the two angularly-set guide-rollers 45 and 46. When the paper 1s thus wound on the impression-roller, it must be obvious that the printin -cyhnder rint once on each side of t e paper, while t e printing-cylinder 4 will print once on each side, and hence in a single operation of the pressthere will be a printing of two colors or the making of two impressions on each side of the paper.
A different conrse of the paper is shown in Fig. 6. In this figure guide-roller 45 is shown in the same position as in Fig. 5; but guideroller 46 1s removed and guide-roller 46 is,-
.ing a turn underneath at right angles to the course followed above until it reaches the guide-roller 46, passing from underneath, around, and above it, there making another turn at right an les, then running backwardly and around the roller 47 from above, which will cause it to pass down and underneath 'said roller 47, when it is directed forwardly again underneath, around, and above another portion of the impression-roller 2 and then back rearwardly to the perforatingcylinders 21 and the cuttingcylinde1"s 23; but in this course of the web the wind is of such a nature that when the paper passes the second time around the impression-roller 2 the same side is exposed to the action of the printing devices as when first passed around the roller 2, and consequently the printingcylinders can print the same side of the paper twice, each time with two impressions, whereby the same side of the paper may be printed in four colors.
In Fig. 7 the rollers 45, 46, and 47 are arranged just the same as in Fig. 6; but I wind around them and the inipression-cylinder two webs of paper instead of one coming from two rolls, both of which can be suitably sup orted in the main frame in like manner as t e roll 24 is carried, I have designated one of the webs 48. This passes around, underneath, and over the impression-roller 2, then underneath, up, and over the guideroller 45, making a turnat right angles, then over, down, and underneath the roller 46, making another turn at right angles, and then backwardly through the frame 20. The
other web, which I have marked 49, coming from the roll of paper in Fig. 2 passes underneath, around, and over the impression-roller 2 at the other end thereof and then backwardly above the web 48 into the frame 20. In this case two webs fpass through the perforating-rollers, the eed-rollers, and the cutters. Hence in Fig. 7 only one surface of each of two webs is presented to be printed, and u on each surface two impressions or two co ors can be printed at one operation.
In order to effectively use the an led guiderollers, such as 45, 46, and 46%, and cause the web to make a turn at a right angle and in order to prevent the paper from running out of line on the roller and to revent friction and liability to breakage of t e web incident to the use of non-rolling angle-bars heretofore used, construct these rollers'in the peculiar manner illustrated in detail in Fig. 9,
where it will be seen that the roller is provided with a screw-thread 71, running from end to end. of the rollers. With such a screw-thread the paper as it travels forward is kept in position, and any tendency that it may have to become displaced on the guide- 1 roller will be prevented, for the screw-thread will control its movement.
Obviously other ways of passing or directing one or more webs around the single impression-roller, in combination with suitable guide-rollers for controlling the direction of passage, may be devised without varying from the true intent and scope of my present invention, and I reserve the liberty of so doing.
. The invention can be modified in niany ways, if desired, from the forms just de which meshes with a gear-wheel 35-on the shaft of the printing-cylinder 4, which gear- Wheel35 in turn meshes with a gear-wheel on the shaft of impression-roller 2, (not shown,)
that engages a gear 34 on the shaft of the printing-cylinder 3. The driving-gear 36 engages a gear-wheel 38 on the shaft of the inking-cylinder 12, which in turn meshes with and drives a gear-wheel 39 on the side of frame 1, and this drivesa gear-wheel 40 on the end offlthe shaft 33, which shaft serves as a pivot for the frame 20. Gear '40 engages and drives a gear-wheel 41 on the side of the main frame, and this in turn engages a pinion 42 on. the shaft of the upper perforatingroller 21. Pinion 42 engages and drives an intermediate 43, which transmits motion to a gear-wheel 44 on the upper feed-roller 22.
0n the shaft of the upper cutting-roller 23 is a sprocket-wheel, and the sprocket-chain 32, which passes around said wheel, passes also around a sprocket-Wheel on the endof the shaft of the printing-roller 4. In this manner a change of the size of the printing-couples will not require a change in the size of the cutting-cylinders, as there will ,always be one revolution of the cuttingcylinders to one 6 revolution of the printing-couples.
The delivery or further disposition of the sheet when out is accomplished in any'usual manner, and as this is not a part of my invention it is unnecessary to describe it. 7
Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is, r
l. The combination with a single impression-cylinder and ,two printing-cylinders, of 7 means for inking different sections of the printing-cylinders so that different printingforms thereon may serve to print different colors, andWeb-turning rollers situated at an angle to each other, said rollers being adapt- 8 ed to be changed from the angular position to one in which they are parallel to each other, and a third web-turning roller for use when the others are parallel, said web-turning rollers being provided With spiral s'crew- 8 threads for properly alining the paper so that it will pursue its movement in a proper direc: tion.
2. The combination of a single impressioncylinder, an upper printing-cylinder and a lower printing-cylinder, inking means for the printing-cylinders, said cylinders and inking means being constructed and operating so that different printing-"forms may be inked with different colors, and means consisting essentially of angular webturning rollers having spiral screw-threads thereon running from end to end for passing the web or webs of paper around the impression-cylinder, so that one or-both sides of said web or webs may receive a plurality of colored impres-- sions, substantially. as and for the purpose described. Y
Signed at New York city this 29th day of November, 1904.
FREDERICK TURCK. Witnesses JoHN- H. HAzELToN, I. HEIBERG.
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2425167A (en) * 1942-07-02 1947-08-05 Goss Printing Press Co Ltd Printing press
US2548136A (en) * 1946-06-22 1951-04-10 Champlain Company Inc Register control means for continuous and intermittent web feed mechanism

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2425167A (en) * 1942-07-02 1947-08-05 Goss Printing Press Co Ltd Printing press
US2548136A (en) * 1946-06-22 1951-04-10 Champlain Company Inc Register control means for continuous and intermittent web feed mechanism

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